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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879061

ABSTRACT

To explore prescription medication regularity in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). With Alzheimer's disease or senile dementia as the subject, collecting and sorting out the journal papers in CNKI were collected as the data source to establish the literature research database of Alzheimer's disease prescriptions, and then the association rule analysis, factor analysis and systematic cluster analysis on the included TCM were conducted. Among the 113 prescriptions included in the standard, the single herb Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma was the most common. The herbs were mainly warm and flat among four pro-perties, mainly sweet, bitter and spicy among five flavors. The drugs were mainly distributed in five internal organs, and the most commonly used drugs were deficiency tonifying drugs as well as blood activating and stasis removing drugs. In the association rule analysis, it was found that there were 6 drug pairs with the highest association strength. Eight common factors were extracted from the factor analysis, and they were classified into 6 categories in the systematic cluster analysis. The results have shown that the overall principles in treating Alzheimer's disease with modern Chinese medicine are tonifying deficiency, invigorating circulation, activating blood and dispelling phlegm.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879196

ABSTRACT

Chinese patent medicine prescriptions containing Jujubea Fructus in 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia and the Composition Principles of Chinese Patent Drug were collected, and the characteristics of Chinese patent medicine containing Jujubea Fructus were analyzed by using data mining technology. Statistical software Excel 2019, Clementine 12.0 and SPSS 21.0 were used to conduct statistical analysis of conforming Chinese patent medicine prescriptions by means of frequency statistics, association rule analysis and cluster analysis. Finally, a total of 185 Chinese patent medicine prescriptions containing Jujubea Fructus were included in this study, involving 402 Chinese medicines and 28 kinds of high frequency Chinese medicines, with Jujubea Fructus, Poria, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Codonopsis Radix as the top five. The deficiency-nourishing drugs were in the most common efficacy classification, mainly sweet, bitter and pungent, with most medicine properties of warm and gentle, main meridians of spleen lung and stomach, dosage forms of pills, granules and tablets, and main indications of splenic diseases. Fifteen drug combinations were obtained in association rule analysis. Eleven drug combinations were obtained by association rule analysis of Chinese patent medicine containing Jujubea Fructus in the treatment of splenic diseases, and the drugs were divided into two categories by cluster analysis. According to the above analysis, it is found that the Chinese patent medicine prescriptions containing Jujubea Fructus are mainly composed of deficiency-nourishing drugs, mostly compatible with drugs of sweet, bitter and pungent flavors, warm and gentle properties, and spleen, lung, and stomach meridians in the treatment of splenic diseases, with Sijunzi Decoction as the main drug. This study provides guidance for modern clinical application and development of Jujubea Fructus.


Subject(s)
China , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the current situation of falls in elderly patients with infirmity, and find out the related risk factors of injuries caused by falls, so as to provide reference for avoiding or reducing the injuries caused by falls in elderly patients with infirmity during hospitalization.Methods:Using the method of data mining, this paper analyzed the data of 56 elderly patients with falls reported by a tertiary hospital in Liaoning Province from January 1, 2017 to April 30, 2020. Through the Apriori algorithm for association analysis, using chi square test for effectiveness evaluation, and then according to the relevant professional knowledge for analysis.Results:Finally obtained six strong association rules with the elderly infirmity inpatients fall injury, which were poor sleep quality, poor activity ability, taking fall prone drugs, falling state for displacement, suffering from cerebrovascular disease, self-care ability was limited.Conclusion:Association analysis can be used to mine valuable association rules of fall injury in elderly patients, and attach importance to its strong association rules, so as to provide clinical intervention basis for preventing or reducing fall injury in elderly patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846302

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the rules of coronary heart disease syndrome differentiation based on the data mining technology. Methods: First of all, the famous medical records and prescriptions were collected and normalized to construct the database of coronary heart disease prescriptions. Then, IBM SPSS Statistics 20.0, a statistical software, was used to conduct statistics on the distribution of drug frequency, disease site syndrome frequency and disease syndrome frequency. Finally, the Apriori algorithm was applied to carry out data mining and analyze the underlying law of drug compatibility. Results: A total of 145 prescriptions were selected and analyzed, including 216 Chinese medicines, eight syndromes of disease location and 12 syndromes of disease nature. Forty-six herbs with higher frequency were found, and the top five TCM herbs were Salvia miltiorrhiza, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Trichosanthes kirilowii, Pinellia ternata and Ligusticum chuanxiong. The main syndromes of disease location were heart, kidney, spleen and liver, while the main syndromes of disease nature were blood stasis, qi deficiency, phlegm, deficiency of yang, qi stagnation, and deficiency of yin. When the minimum support was 15% and the minimum confidence coefficient was 70%, the association rule analysis results showed that a total of 15 association rules for two-herb-combinations and 26 association rules for the trigeminy medications were obtained. The most frequency two-herb-combinations were Allium macrostemon→T. kirilowii", "Schisandra chinensis→Ophiopogon japonicus", "Curcumae Radix→S. miltiorrhiza. The most frequently used trigeminy medications were A. macrostemon + P. ternata→T. kirilowii, S. miltiorrhiza + A. macrostemon→T. kirilowii and A. macrostemon + G. uralensis→T. kirilowii. Conclusion: The syndrome differentiation and medication of TCM in the treatment of coronary heart disease mainly focus on invigorating the circulation of blood and resolving stasis, moving qi, nourishing and replenishing qi, clearing up phlegms. It is consistent with the main syndromes of the disease nature, such as blood stasis and qi deficiency, and the herbs mostly return to the heart meridian, which is consistent with the main syndromes of the disease location. The rules of syndrome differentiation and medication of based on the data mining technique have great value for clinical medication guidance and application to analyze the prescription for coronary heart disease.

5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1018-1023, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829060

ABSTRACT

The application of special acupoints for different primary symptoms of chronic gastritis in ancient literature of acupuncture and moxibustion was analyzed and summarized. With keywords, electronic and manual retrieval of ancient literature being performed to establish a database, the association rules were performed with SPSS Modeler 18. As a result, ① among all the 2243 items included, 109 items mentioned special acupoints (excluding those only mentioned crossing acupoint). The frequency of special acupoints was 2554 (71.7%), and the special acupoints on the spleen meridian, the stomach meridian, the conception vessel were frequently used. The frequency of five- point was highest, followed by front- points. ② The special acupoints for four main primary symptoms of chronic gastritis, "stomachache" "vomiting and regurgitation" "belching and acid regurgitation" and "epigastric fullness", included Zusanli (ST 36), Neiguan (PC 6), Zhongwan (CV 12), Gongsun (SP 4), Taibai (SP 3). In addition, the back- points were also selected to treat the primary symptoms other than "epigastric fullness". Zhangmen (LR 13) was added to treat "belching and acid regurgitation". The combination of Neiguan (PC 6) and Gongsun (SP 4) showed the strongest correlation; due to different primary symptoms, the combination had different emphasis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the medication rules of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).Method:The literature published in China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI), Wanfang Database, China Biomedical Literature Service System (SinoMed), VIP Database and PubMeb from 2008 to 2019 were retrieved by setting the topics of diabetic peripheral neuropathy and TCM. After screening, a database was established to analyze the medication rules (efficacy, frequency, flavor and meridian tropism, common couplet medicinals and core medicines) of TCM by frequency statistics, association rules and data statistical methods of constructing complex networks.Result:A total of 461 papers for treatment of DPN were included in this study, including 275 kinds of TCM and a total frequency of 6 361 times. Astragali Radix had the highest frequency. Among all kinds of medicinal materials, activating blood circulation and removing stasis was the most commonly used medicine, followed by Qi-invigorating medicine. Flavor of medicines was mainly sugariness and warm, and most of their meridian tropism was liver meridian. After the analysis by association rules, the couplet medicinals with the highest support was Astragali Radix-Angelicae Sinensis Radix. The core medicines obtained by complex network analysis were Astragali Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Spatholobi Caulis, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Carthami Flos, Pheretima, Paeoniae Radix Rubra, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Persicae Semen.Conclusion:This study comprehensively analyzes the medication rules of TCM clinical treatment of DPN. The main treatment methods of TCM for DPN are invigorating Qi and blood, activating blood circulation and removing stasis, activating meridians to stop pain, which can provide guidance for the TCM clinical use and new Chinese medicines research and development of DPN.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828021

ABSTRACT

The epidemic situation of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) is developing rapidly in the world, and the influence is serious. In this study, the prescription of Mongolian medicine to prevent new type of COVID-19 was investigated. Based on the second edition and the third edition of COVID-19 Mongolian Medicine Prevention and Treatment Guidance Program issued by the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Health Commission, using Excel 2007, SPSS Modeler 18, SPSS Statistics 25, Cytoscape 3.7.1 statistical software as a tool, the association rules analysis and cluster analysis of Mongolian medicine included in the standard were carried out. Among the 45 prophylactic prescriptions included in the standard, a total of 34 high-frequency drugs using frequency ≥5 were used, of which Carthami Flos(21 times, 4.46%), Chebulae Fructus(20 times, 4.26%), Moschus(13 times, 2.77%), Myristicae Semen(12 times, 2.55%), Santali Albi Lignum(12 times, 2.55%), and Bovis Calculus(12 times, 2.55%) were the most common. The main drugs for the prevention of COVID-19 were Liang(13 times, 38.23%), Wen(9 times, 26.47%), the flavor was Ku(20 times, 34.48%), Xin(13 times, 22.41%), Gan(11 times, 18.97%), the most used drugs treating hot evil(99 times, 32.46%), treatment of "Heyi" drugs(51 times, 16.72%), treatment of "Badagan" drugs(40 times, 13.11%), treatment of "sticky" drugs(37 times, 12.13%), and a cough, eliminating phlegm and antiasthmatic(31 times, 10.16%), the association rule analysis found that the highest association intensity of the drug pair combination of 11. Clustering analysis using the cluster analysis of inter-group join method found a total of 8 categories. In this study, 45 prescriptions of Mongolian medicine for the prevention of COVID-19 were collec-ted and further analyzed, hoping to provide new ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , China , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Humans , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827482

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To help selecting appropriate meridians and acupoints in clinical practice and experimental study for Parkinson's disease (PD), the rules of meridians and acupoints selection of acupuncture and moxibustion were analyzed in domestic and foreign clinical treatment for PD based on data mining techniques.@*METHODS@#Literature about PD treated by acupuncture and moxibustion in China and abroad was searched and selected from China National Knowledge Infrastructure and MEDLINE. Then the data from all eligible articles were extracted to establish the database of acupuncture-moxibustion for PD. The association rules of data mining techniques were used to analyze the rules of meridians and acupoints selection.@*RESULTS@#Totally, 168 eligible articles were included and 184 acupoints were applied. The total frequency of acupoints application was 1,090 times. Those acupoints were mainly distributed in head and neck and extremities. Among all, Taichong (LR 3), Baihui (DU 20), Fengchi (GB 20), Hegu (LI 4) and Chorea-tremor Controlled Zone were the top five acupoints that had been used. Superior-inferior acupoints matching was utilized the most. As to involved meridians, Du Meridian, Dan (Gallbladder) Meridian, Dachang (Large Intestine) Meridian, and Gan (Liver) Meridian were the most popular meridians.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The application of meridians and acupoints for PD treatment lay emphasis on the acupoints on the head, attach importance to extinguishing Gan wind, tonifying qi and blood, and nourishing sinews, and make good use of superior-inferior acupoints matching.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828443

ABSTRACT

In this study, the clinical characteristics and drug combination rules of Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection in the treatment of patients with cerebral infarction were analyzed. The inpatient information of 2 857 patients of cerebral infarction treated with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection in HIS database of 20 grade Ⅲ class A hospitals in China was collected, and a model was established by description analysis and Apriori algorithm, in order to explore the clinical characteristics and drug combination rules of Danshen Chuan-xiongqin Injection in the treatment of cerebral infarction. The results showed that among patients of cerebral infarction treated with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection, 1 727 patients were older than 65 years old, accounting for 69.61%, and 1 610 were males, accounting for 63.59%. Commonly used drugs included lipid-lowering agents, anticoagulant thrombolytic agents, antiplatelet agents, stimulants of brain metabolism, vasodilators and other Western drugs, as well as traditional Chinese medicines, such as blood-activating agents, heat-clearing agents and expectorant agents. The Western medicine with the highest use frequency in combination with Danshen Chuan-xiongqin Injection was aspirin enteric-coated tablets(1 528 cases, 53.48%). The traditional Chinese medicine with the highest use frequency in combination with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection was Xingnaojing Injection, with a total of 378 cases, accounting for 13.23%. Among them, the most commonly used Western drugs combined with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection were anticoagulant thrombolytic and antiplatelet drugs, with a usage rate as high as 83.48%. In order to further explore the drug combination rules of Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection, the association analysis of drug combination in patients of cerebral infarction treated with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection was carried out. In clinical combination of two Western drugs, Atorvastatin Calcium Capsules+Cerebral Proteolytic Injection were the most common combination, with a support of 27.10%. In clinical combination with 3 Western drugs, Clopidogrel Bisulfate Tablets+Atorvastatin Calcium Capsules+Cerebral Proteolytic Injection were most commonly used, with a support of 15.90%. The results showed that the patients of cerebral infarction treated with Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection were mainly elderly males, and often complicated with hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes and other basic diseases. The clinical application of Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection was principally in line with the guidelines. In the treatment of cerebral infarction, it was often combined with Western medicine anticoagulant thrombolysis, antiplatelet drugs, traditional Chinese medicine blood-activating and stasis-dissolving prescription and other drugs with similar pharmacological effects, with an auxiliary therapeutic effect on patients of cerebral infarction complicated with other diseases, and can provide guidance for clinical medication.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aspirin , Cerebral Infarction , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Salvia miltiorrhiza
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773281

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to study the use rules of drugs for lung diseases in internal medicine department of Xin'an Wang's family, discuss the compatibility of common drugs for lung diseases, guide clinical application, and inherit Xin'an medicine. By retrospective study on lung diseases cases in Wang's internal medicine works, the lung diseases and use frequency of common drugs treated by Wang's medicine were counted, and the systematic clustering and association rule analysis of common drugs were conducted by using SPSS Statistic 20 and SPSS Modeler 18.0, respectively. The results showed that asthma, cold and cough were the main lung diseases treated by Wang's medicine, and the commonly used medicines included antitussive and antiasthmatic drugs, spleen-invigorating and dampness-removing drugs, and expectorants. The medicine taste was mainly bitter, pungent and sweet, with cold and warm properties in a balanced way, without severely cold or hot herbs, mainly attributing to the lung and stomach meridians. In clustering analysis, 10 drug combinations were obtained; association analysis showed that two, three, four association rules respectively had 11, 21, and 10 groups, and each drug group had 11, 16, and 5 items. Core combinations: Poria, Armeniacae Semen Amarum, Asteris Radix et Rhizome, Coicis Semen, Farfarae Flos, Dendrobii Caulis, Perilla Frutescens, Stemonae Radix, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, Cynanchi Stauntonii Rhizome et Radix, Meretricis Concha Cyclinae Concha, Belamcandae Rhizoma, and Pinelliae Rhizome. Xin'an Wang's medicine paid attention to the lung nature when treating lung diseases. Lung is a delicate organ, not resistant to coldness or heat, so severely cold or hot herbs shall not be used, and the clear and light drugs with functions of dispersing lung Qi, clearing phlegm evil, strengthening spleen, eliminating phlegm, and relieving cough and asthma are often used. Lung deficiency is a kind of deficiency of Qi and Yin, so both Qi and Yin shall be regulated. Deficiency of Yin would burn the lung and make the lung collaterals blocked. In this case, the lung collaterals shall be dredged for hemostasis. Long time of lung deficiency would hinder the distribution of body fluid, and lung shall be regulated to dissipate phlegm.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Lung Diseases , Drug Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777459

ABSTRACT

Skin itching is a subjective sensation that causes the desire to scratch. It is one of the most common clinical symptoms at department of dermatology, even the only complaint of dermatological patients, which seriously affects the quality life of patients. Therefore, based on the software of traditional Chinese medicine inheritance auxiliary platform, association rules and complex system entropy clustering were adopted to collect and analyze Zhang Bing's prescriptions for skin itching, and get the drug use frequency and the relationship between drugs. Based on that, we could conclude the experience for skin itching. A total of 147 prescriptions were collected, 20 drugs with a frequency of 34 or more and 20 high-frequency drug combinations were analyzed, and 14 core combinations and 7 new prescriptions were excavated. The high-frequency drugs included Kochiae Fructus, Dictamni Cortex, Mori Cortex. The high-frequency drug combinations included "Kochiae Fructus-Dictamni Cortex" "Angelicae Dahuricae Radix-Chuanxiong Rhizoma" "Paeoniae Radix Rubra-Paeoniae Radix Alba", and the core combinations included "Schizonepetae Herba-Saposhnikoviae Radix-Cinnamomi Ramulus" "Arctii Fructus-Cicadae Periostracum-Houttuyniae Herba" "Ghrysanthemi Indici Flos-Kochiae Fructus-Dictamni Cortex", and new formulations include "Schizonepetae Herba, Saposhnikoviae Radix, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Clematidis Radix et Rhizoma, Tribuli Fructus, Dictamni Cortex", "Phellodendri Chinensis Coritex, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Atractylodis Rhizoma, Ghrysanthemi Indici Flos, Kochiae Fructus, Dictamni Cortex" "Arctii Fructus, Cicadae Periostracum, Houttuyniae Herba, Trichosanthis Fructus". The result of this research shows that Professor Zhang Bing's experience in the treatment of skin itching is mainly to dispelling wind and arresting itching, clearing heat and drying dampness.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pruritus , Drug Therapy , Software
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779387

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize the multimorbidity patterns of chronic diseases in middle-aged and elderly people in China,and explore the correlation and intensity among chronic diseases by using association rules. Methods A total of 17 796 people over 45 years old from 9 provinces and cities in China were sampled and surveyed. The data were analyzed by Apriori algorithm in R3.4.3 software to investigate the multimorbidity of chronic diseases. Results Among total 17 796 respondents, the number of patients with at least one chronic disease was 12 245 (68.81%), and the number of patients with two or more chronic diseases was 7 321 (41.15%). Among the selected association rules, according to the ranking of support degree, the most common three chronic disease multimorbidities were dyslipidemia and heart disease, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia, asthma and chronic lung disease. The rule support was 6.77%, 5.27%, 4.28%, and the rule confidence was 34.38%, 43.14%, and 70.81%, respectively. Multiple results of association rules pointed to heart disease. After screening, the greatest association rules were found in the age group over 75 years old. Conclusions Heart disease exists in a variety of chronic disease multimorbidity patterns. Screening and prevention measures should be strengthened. Dyslipidemia is strongly associated with diabetes and hypertension, and male patients are more vulnerable to suffer from dyslipidemia. Chronic diseases intend to be more common and complicated along with age increase.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774507

ABSTRACT

To analyze the clinical characteristics of Maixuekang Capsules combined with traditional Chinese medicines in the treatment of patients with nephrotic syndrome,and provide references for improving rationality of clinical drug use. Based on the database of hospital information system(HIS) in 15 hospitals in China,the electrical medical records of the patients diagnosed as nephrotic syndrome and treated with Maixuekang Capsules were collected. Their diagnostic information and characteristics of combined traditional Chinese medicines were analyzed by using association rules. The results showed that 1 588 patients of nephrotic syndrome who used Maixuekang Capsules were often complicated with hypertension(863 cases,accounting for 7. 54%),anemia(551 cases,accounting for 4. 81%),and coronary heart disease(349 cases,accounting for 3. 05%). Maixuekang Capsules were mainly combined with Tabellae Rhei et Natrii Bicarbonatis,Baining Capsules,tanshinone,Ganmao Qingre Granule,Shuxuening Injection in treating nephrotic syndrome. The results indicated that in the real world,Maixuekang Capsules was mainly used in combination with traditional Chinese medicines such as blood-activating and stasis-removing agents,pathogens eliminating and supporting healthy Qi agents,digestants,anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory agents,wind-dispersing and antipyretic agents for patients with nephropathy. By the pharmacological effect,it was suitable for nephropathy patients based on combined diagnosis. The association rules of combination were specific,and can provide reference for subsequent studies and rational clinical medication of traditional Chinese medicines.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Capsules , China , Coronary Disease , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Hypertension , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nephrotic Syndrome , Drug Therapy
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802547

ABSTRACT

There are 486 kinds of health food with Puerariae Lobatae Radix as the main raw material, mainly including health food for protecting liver, health food for regulating blood lipid, health food for adjusting blood pressure, health food for regulating blood sugar, and health food for regulating immunity.Based on the establishment of a health food recipe database with Puerariae Lobatae Radix as the main raw material, the Apriori algorithm in association rules was used to explore the formula rule of health food of Puerariae Lobatae Radix.The results showed that among the 174 kinds of hepatoprotective health food, the most used raw materials were Noveniae Fructus and Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus;the common combinations of three raw materials were Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Gardeniae Fructus-Paeoniae Radix Alba, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Gynostemmatis Pentaphylli Herba-Cassiae Semen, etc.Among the 91 kinds of health food for regulating blood lipid, the most widely used raw materials were Cassiae Semen and Gynostemmatis Pentaphylli Herba;the common combinations of three raw materials were Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Cassiae Semen-Chrysanthemi Flos, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Alismatis Rhizoma-Mori Folium, etc.Among the 41 kinds of health food for regulating blood pressure, the most widely used raw materials were Eucommiae Cortex and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma;the common combinations of the three raw materials were Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Cassiae Semen-Ostreae Concha, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Sophorae Flos, etc.Among the 105 kinds of health food for regulating blood sugar, the most widely used raw materials were Dioscoreae Rhizoma and Astragali Radix;the common combinations of three raw materials were Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma-Lycii Cortex, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Dioscoreae Rhizoma-Poria, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Dioscoreae Rhizoma-Lycii Cortex, etc.Among the 75 kinds of health food for regulating immunity, the most widely used raw materials were Astragali Radix and Lycii Fructus;the common combinations of three raw materials were Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Gastrodiae Rhizoma-Eucommiae Cortex, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Mori Fructus-Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Panacis Quinquefolii Radix-Crataegi Fructus, etc.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687245

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to analyze the association rules of Fufang Kushen injection in combination with other modern medications in treating lung cancer based on the electrical medical records in real world clinical situations extracted from hospital information system in Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, and provide reference for improving rationality of clinical drug use and exploring the prescription rules as well as subsequent in-depth analysis. The electrical medical records of the hospitalized patients using Fufang Kushen injection for lung cancer were extracted to analyze the frequency distribution characteristics in combined application with western medicine, and Apriori algorithm was used to analyze the specific association rules in combined drug use. A total of 49 597 patients were included in the study. The commonly combined modern medications included 5-HT receptor blockers, antibiotics, chemotherapy drugs, antitumor immune regulating drugs, glucocorticoid drugs and analgesics, which was usually applied in combination with traditional Chinese medications such as those for removing blood stasis, spleen and stomach nourishing drugs, Qi-regulating agent, heat-clearing and detoxifying prescriptions, laxative and Qi invigorating agent in clinical treatment. The results revealed that the distribution characteristics in combined application and association combinations of Fufang Kushen injection had specific rules, consistent with the clinical orientation of this drug in treatment of lung cancer. Such results may provide reference for reasonable application of Fufang Kushen injection in clinical treatment.

16.
Rev. lasallista investig ; 14(2): 41-50, jul.-dic. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093940

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction. This paper presents the functionality and characterization of two Data Mining (DM) techniques, logistic regression and association rules (Apriori Algorithm). This is done through a conceptual model that enables to choose the appropriate data mining project technique for obtaining knowledge from criteria that describe the specific project to be developed. Objective. Support decision making when choosing the most appropriate technique for the development of a data mining project. Materials and methods. Association and logistic regression techniques are characterized in this study, showing the functionality of their algorithms. Results. The proposed model is the input for the implementation of a knowledge-based system that emulates a human expert's knowledge at the time of deciding which data mining technique to choose against a specific problem that relates to a data mining project. It facilitates verification of the business processes of each one of the techniques, and measures the correspondence between a project's objectives versus the components provided by both the logistic regression and the association rules techniques. Conclusion. Current and historical information is available for decision-making through the generated data mining models. Data for the models are taken from Data Warehouses, which are informational environments that provide an integrated and total view of the organization.


Resumen Introducción. El artículo muestra en un modelo conceptual basado en conocimiento la caracterización y funcionalidad de dos técnicas de Minería de Datos (MD) regresión logística y reglas de asociación, para elegir la técnica de MD apropiada en proyectos de obtención de conocimiento a partir criterios que describen el proyecto específico a ser desarrollado. Objetivo. Apoyar la toma de decisiones en el momento de elegir cual técnica es la más apropiada para el desarrollo de un proyecto de minería de datos. Materiales y métodos. Las técnicas de asociación y regresión logística son caracterizadas, mostrando la funcionalidad de sus algoritmos. Resultados. El modelo propuesto es el insumo para la implementación de un Sistema basado en conocimiento que imita el conocimiento de un experto humano en el momento de tomar la decisión de que técnica de minería de datos escoger frente a un problema específico que relaciona un proyecto de minería de datos. Facilita la verificación de los procesos de negocio de cada una de las técnicas, y mide la correspondencia entre los objetivos trazados de un proyecto versus los componentes que ofrecen la técnica de regresión logística y la técnica de reglas de asociación. Conclusión. La información actual e histórica se encuentra disponible para la toma de decisiones a través de los modelos generados por la minería de datos. Los datos para los modelos son provenientes de bodegas de datos, las cuales son entornos informativos, que proporcionan una visión integrada y total de la organización.


Resumo Introdução. O artigo mostra em um modelo conceituai baseado no conhecimento a caracterização e funcionalidade de duas técnicas de regressão logística de Data Mining (MD) e regras de associação, para escolher a técnica de MD apropriada em projetos de aquisição de conhecimento com base em critérios que descrevem a Projeto específico a ser desenvolvido. Objetivo. Apoie a tomada de decisão no momento da escolha da técnica mais apropriada para o desenvolvimento de um projeto de mineração de dados. Materiais e métodos. As técnicas de associação e regressão logística são caracterizadas, mostrando a funcionalidade de seus algoritmos. Resultados. O modelo proposto é a entrada para a implementação de um sistema baseado no conhecimento que imita o conhecimento de um perito humano ao decidir qual técnica de mineração de dados escolher contra um problema específico que relaciona um projeto de mineração para informações. Facilita a verificação dos processos de negócios de cada uma das técnicas e mede a correspondência entre os objetivos de um projeto versus os componentes que oferecem a técnica de regressão logística e a técnica das regras de associação. Conclusão. Informações atuais e históricas estão disponíveis para a tomada de decisões através de modelos gerados pela mineração de dados. Os dados para os modelos provêm de data warehouses, que são ambientes informativos, que fornecem uma visão integrada e total da organização.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335872

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to discuss and analyze the medication rules for prescriptions containing Pterocephali Herba in Chinese Medical Encyclopedia - Tibetan Medicine, Tibetan Medicine Prescription Modern Research and Clinical Application, and Interpretation of Common Tibetan Medicines based on the collection of Pterocephali Herba and by using the "Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support system(V2.0.1)",with the use of association rules, apriori algorithm and other data mining methods. The frequency of single drug, the frequency of drug combination, the association rule and the combination of core drugs were analyzed. Through collection of the prescriptions, a total of 215 prescriptions were included, involving a total of 376 herbs. Through the "frequency statistics", the prescriptions containing Pterocephali Herba were commonly used to treat cold fever, distemper virus and arthritis. The highest frequently (frequency≥15) used drugs were Corydalis Herba, Lagotidis Herba, and Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix, et al. The most frequently used drug combinations were "Pterocephali Herba, Corydalis Herba","Pterocephali Herba, Lagotidis Herba", and "Pterocephali Herba, Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix" et al. The prescriptions containing Pterocephali Herba were used to primarily treat disease for Tourette syndrome caused by the dampness heat toxin, fever, arthritis etc, such as pestilent toxicity, pneumonia and influenza, rheumatoid arthritis etc. The drugs in the prescriptions mostly had the effects of heat-clearing and detoxifying, anti-inflammatory, dispelling wind and dampness, often in compatible use with heat-clearing drugs. The drug use was concentrated and reflected the clear thought of prescription statutes.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256095

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the compatible principles of Xiebai decoction family, formulae from ancient and modern Xiebai decoction family were collected and sorted in this study. The compatible characteristics, core herbs, as well as the relativity of herbs nature in Xiebai decoction family were analyzed based on scale free network and other data-mining methods such as association rules, clustering analysis and correspondence analysis. The scale free network results showed that in Xiebai decoction family, Mori Cortex-Lycii Cortex-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma was used as the core compatible group and formed the complicated compatible network with other additional herbs; association rules results showed that the core herbs in such formulae included Mori Cortex, Lycii Cortex, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, scutellaria root, Platycodon root, Anemarrhena, and almond, which formed corresponding herbal pairs and compatibility; clustering analysis showed that Mori Cortex was the core herb in Xiebai decoction family, and Mori Cortex-Lycii Cortex-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma was its main combination unit, which was always compatible with herbs of clearing heat, reducing phlegm, supplementing Qi and nourishing Yin to form the series prescriptions. The results indicated that the core compatibility features of Xiebai decoction family were clearing heat in lung and relieving cough and asthma, providing a basis for the clinical application of Xiebai decoction family.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256031

ABSTRACT

To investigate the distribution of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Syndromes of diabetic retinopathy and explore the correlation between various symptoms. Based on the literature in databases of China Journal Full-text Database (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP network, China biomedical literature database (CBM) and PubMed, SPSS 20.0 and IBM SPSS Modeler 14.1 software were used to analyze the location of disease, symptoms, tongue and pulse, and syndrome type distribution through frequency statistics. In addition, association rule algorithm was used to explore the basic rules for underlying symptoms combinations of diabetic retinopathy. A total of 560 articles were retrieved, and a total of 240 articles met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. In these documents, 62 types of TCM syndromes were found, involving 9 820 cases, 201 symptoms, 29 tongue conditions, and 36 pulses conditions; the first two locations for the disease were liver and kidney. Then the association rule analysis of high frequency symptoms was used to dig out 15 groups of latent syndrome, and 3 underlying symptom combinations among high frequency symptoms, tongue conditions and pulse conditions. The results of the study showed that Qi and yin deficiency was most common for the diabetic retinopathy, and the location of the disease was closely related to liver and kidney. In addition, these high-frequency symptoms and tongue conditions, pulse conditions, and underlying symptom combinations can occur as main symptoms at diagnosis, providing reference for us to study the epidemiology of PRO scale of the disease. They can also increase the weight of these symptoms directly as the main symptoms, which can be also used as an alternative entry pool for TCM syndrome diagnostic scale, laying foundation for the construction and optimization of TCM symptom database of diabetic retinopathy.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256016

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to analyze the association rules of Fufang Kushen injection in combined medications in the real world based on electrical medical records in hospital information system, and provide reference for its reasonable clinical application. The electrical medical records of the hospitalized patients using Fufang Kushen injection were extracted to analyze the frequency distribution characteristics in combined application with Western medicine, and analyze the specific association rules between these combinations by using Apriori algorithm. A total of 49 597 patients were included in the study, and its common combined medications included 5-HT receptor blockers, hepatic protector, antibiotics, chemotherapeutic drugs, immunomodulatory drugs, glucocorticoids, analgetics and proton pump inhibitors. The results revealed that the distribution characteristics in combined application and association combinations of Fufang Kushen injection had specific rules, consistent with the clinical orientation of this drug in treatment of malignant tumor. Such results may provide reference for reasonable application of Fufang Kushen injection in clinical treatment.

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