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1.
Rev. med. (Säo Paulo) ; 101(4): e-176008, jul.-ago. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392161

ABSTRACT

O hipotireoidismo é definido como uma hipofunção da tireoide, tendo como principal causa, atualmente, as doenças autoimunes da glândula, caracterizadas por uma resposta imune local e redução da produção dos hormônios tireoidianos. A doença celíaca (DC), por sua vez, é definida como uma enteropatia autoimune permanente desencadeada pelo glúten, na qual há produção de diversos autoanticorpos. Uma parcela significativa de pacientes com hipotireoidismo requer doses maiores de T4 para alcançar os níveis ideais de TSH, incluindo os pacientes celíacos. Ademais, dentre as causas que diversificam a apresentação clínica da DC destaca-se o hipotireoidismo. Com o objetivo de estabelecer associações entre ambas as doenças foi realizada uma revisão embasada nos bancos de dados MEDLINE e SciELO. Os resultados mostram que as doenças autoimunes comumente se associam e representam fatores de risco entre si. Porém, o rastreamento indiscriminado dessas ainda é inviável e pouco benéfico. Por isso, saber quando suspeitar clinicamente e como investigar o hipotireoidismo e/ou a DC é de extrema importância. [au]


Hypothyroidism represents a thyroid hypofunction, main caused by autoimmune diseases of the gland, characterized by a local thyroid immune response that reduces the production of thyroid hormones. Celiac disease (CD), on the other hand, is a permanent autoimmune enteropathy, triggered by gluten, causing the production of several autoantibodies. A significant percentage of individuals with hypothyroidism requires higher doses of T4 to achieve optimal TSH levels, among which are celiac patients. Also, among different causes that diversify the clinical presentation of CD, one of the most common is hypothyroidism. Thus, with focus on establishing associations between both diseases, a review based on MEDLINE and SciELO was developed. Results show that autoimmune diseases commonly are associated and represent risk factors for each other. However, the indiscriminate screening of these diseases is still impracticable and has little benefit. Therefore, knowing when to suspect clinically and how to investigate hypothyroidism and/or CD is extremely important. [au]

2.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 28(1): 114-126, ene.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389148

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las encefalitis son trastornos inflamatorios cerebrales, secundarias a diferentes procesos patológicos que incluyen causas infecciosas y autoinmunes. En los últimos años se han estudiado los procesos autoinmunes involucrados, con una creciente identificación de casos donde presenta una amplia variedad de síntomas neurológicos y psiquiátricos que suelen dificultar el diagnóstico oportuno. Por tanto, esta es una revisión narrativa que describe los principales aspectos de la encefalitis por anticuerpos contra el receptor de N-metil-D-aspartato (NMDAR), su patogénesis (mecanismo que comparte con los trastornos psicóticos), diagnóstico y presentación clínica; aspectos que destacan la importancia de una evaluación exhaustiva de las manifestaciones psiquiátricas en el ámbito clínico.


Abstract Encephalitis are inflammatory brain disorders that are secondary to different pathological processes that include infectious and autoimmune causes. In recent years, the autoimmune processes involved have been studied with an increment in the identification of cases that present a wide variety of neurological and psychiatric symptoms, which often make their timely diagnosis difficult. This is a narrative review that describes the main aspects of encephalitis caused by antibodies against the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR), its pathogenesis (mechanism shared with psychotic disorders), diagnosis, and clinical presentation; these are aspects that highlight the importance of a thorough evaluation of psychiatric manifestations in the clinical setting.

3.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(1): 111-114, ene.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389936

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Durante la infección aguda por el SARVS-CoV-2 se produce una desregulación del sistema inmune que puede durar hasta ocho meses después de controlado el cuadro agudo. Esto, sumado a otros factores, posiblemente este asociado con un aumento del riesgo de aparición y concurrencia de enfermedades autoinmunes. La aparición simultanea del síndrome de Guillain-Barré (SGB) y púrpura trombocitopénica (PTI) se ha reportado poco en la literatura, y el SGB raramente se asocia con otra enfermedad autoinmune. Presentamos el caso de un varón que luego de un mes de tener un cuadro agudo de COVID-19 moderado, presentó concurrentemente SGB y PTI con respuesta adecuada al tratamiento.


ABSTRACT During acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, there is persistent deregulation of the immune system that can last up to 8 months after the acute condition is controlled. This, added to other factors, is possibly associated with an increased risk of the appearance and concurrence of autoimmune diseases. The simultaneous occurrence of GBS and ITP has been rarely reported in the literature, and GBS is rarely associated with another autoimmune disease. We present the case of a man who, one month after his recovery from acute moderate COVID-19, presented concurrent GBS and ITP with an adequate response to treatment.

4.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(2): 147-153, feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389630

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic Plasma Exchange (TPE) is a procedure in which plasma and harmful macromolecules are separated from the rest of the blood components by centrifugation or filtration through membranes and are replaced with solutions with albumin and/or plasma. AIM: To communicate our experience using TPE by filtration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Review of records of 655 TPE sessions performed in 102 patients aged 50 ± 18 years (64% women). The requirement of renal replacement therapy (RRT) and seven days and one year mortality were recorded. RESULTS: Forty five percent of patients had hypertension or diabetes. The main indications for TPE were pulmonary-renal syndrome (PRS) (62%) and antibody mediated graft rejection (29%), followed by neurological diseases (36%). Fifteen percent of patients required RRT for one year. Mortality at seven days and one year was 20 and 30%, respectively. Out of the total of deaths associated with kidney diseases, 88% corresponded to PRS and ANCA vasculitis. The main complications were thrombocytopenia in 41%, hypocalcemia in 18%, and hypotension in 16%. CONCLUSIONS: In our experience, TPE by filtration is a safe technique, with mild and preventable complications. Despite this, the reported mortality is high, which reflects the severity of the diseases that motivated the indication for TPE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Plasma Exchange/adverse effects , Plasma Exchange/methods , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Retrospective Studies , Albumins , Glomerulonephritis , Hemorrhage , Lung Diseases
5.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(2): 256-260, feb. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389633

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Amicrobial Pustulosis of the Folds is a relapsing, chronic and rare neutrophilic dermatosis, characterized by papulopustular, eczematous and aseptic lesions on skin folds. This disorder usually occurs predominantly in females (30 years of age average) with a history of an autoimmune disorder, especially systemic lupus erythematosus. There is no standard therapy, but systemic corticosteroids, alone or in combination with other immunosuppressive drugs, are usually the first-line therapy. We report two females aged 37 and 20 years with the disease but without associated autoimmune diseases. They were successfully treated with non-steroidal treatments.


La pustulosis amicrobiana de los pliegues es una dermatosis neutrofílica crónica, recurrente y poco común. Se caracteriza por lesiones pápulo-pustulosas, eczematosas y asépticas de los pliegues cutáneos. Este cuadro se presenta predominantemente en mujeres de alrededor de 30 años con enfermedades autoinmunes, especialmente lupus eritematoso sistémico. No existe un tratamiento estándar pero los corticoides solos o con inmunosupresores se usan de primera línea. Informamos dos mujeres de 27 y 20 años sin patología autoinmune, con la enfermedad. Ellas fueron tratadas exitosamente sin usar esteroides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Drug Therapy, Combination , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 75(4): e20200847, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1376572

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To understand how people with lupus experience the diagnosis and how they deal with complications arising from the disease. Method: Qualitative study, whose data were collected between February and July 2019, through semi-structured interviews with 26 individuals and submitted to content analysis. Results: Three categories emerged that show illness from lupus as a difficult experience, permeated by sadness, fear and suffering, which, in addition to being linked to society's lack of knowledge about the disease, negatively impacts the lives of those who experience it. Furthermore, they show that the time of living with the disease favors the development of self-care strategies and greater therapeutic adherence and, consequently, longer periods of disease remission. Considerations: More disclosure about the disease and its implications in the daily lives of those affected is essential, culminating in greater understanding of family, friends and colleagues and improvements in health care and quality of life for these people.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Comprender cómo las personas con lupus experimentan el diagnóstico y cómo afrontan las complicaciones derivadas de la enfermedad. Método: Estudio cualitativo, cuyos datos fueron recolectados entre febrero y julio de 2019, mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas con 26 individuos y sometidos a análisis de contenido. Resultados: Surgieron tres categorías que muestran la enfermedad por lupus como una experiencia difícil, impregnada de tristeza, miedo y sufrimiento, que además de estar vinculada al desconocimiento de la sociedad sobre la enfermedad, impacta negativamente en la vida de quienes la padecen. Además, muestran que el tiempo de convivencia con la enfermedad favorece el desarrollo de estrategias de autocuidado y una mayor adherencia terapéutica y, en consecuencia, mayores periodos de remisión de la enfermedad. Consideraciones: Es esencial una mayor divulgación sobre la enfermedad y sus implicaciones en la vida diaria de los afectados, que culmine en una mayor comprensión de la familia, amigos y colegas y mejoras en la atención médica y la calidad de vida de estas personas.


RESUMO Objetivo: Compreender como pessoas com lúpus experienciaram o diagnóstico e como lidam com as complicações advindas da doença. Método: Estudo qualitativo, cujos dados foram coletados entre fevereiro e julho de 2019, mediante entrevistas semiestruturadas com 26 indivíduos e submetidos à análise de conteúdo. Resultados: Emergiram três categorias que mostram o adoecimento por lúpus como uma experiência difícil, permeada por tristeza, medo e sofrimento, que além de estar atrelado ao desconhecimento da sociedade sobre a doença, impacta negativamente na vida de quem o vivencia. Para além disso, evidenciam que o tempo de convivência com a doença favorece o desenvolvimento de estratégias de autocuidado e maior adesão terapêutica e, por consequência, maiores períodos de remissão da doença. Considerações: Imprescindível mais divulgação sobre a doença e suas implicações no cotidiano dos acometidos, culminando em maior compreensão de familiares, amigos e colegas e melhorias na atenção à saúde e qualidade de vida destas pessoas.

7.
Arq. odontol ; 58: 57-62, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380553

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este trabalho tem como objetivo relatar um caso de Eritema Multiforme (EM) menor desencadeado por amoxicilina oral, tratado a partir de aplicação de laser de baixa intensidade na região afetada pela doença. Relato de caso: Paciente de 12 anos, atendido no Hospital Metropolitano Odilon Behrens (HMOB), apresentando úlceras em mucosa jugal, lábios e língua, disfagia, dislalia e febre, recebeu diagnóstico clínico de EM e tratamento com aplicação de laser vermelho de baixa intensidade, emitindo em 660nm, com potência de 100mW, sendo aplicado uma dose de 33 J/cm², em pontos com distância aproximada de 1 cm entre eles. Houve resolução das lesões em 7 dias após instituição do tratamento. Conclusão: O presente trabalho mostrou que a Terapia de Fotobiomodulação (TF) com laser de baixa intensidade associado à substituição do medicamento detectado como causa foram fundamentais para a resolução do EM, evidenciando as propriedades bioestimulantes do laser nas lesões ulceradas de mucosa bucal.


Aim: This paper aims to report a case of minor Erythema Multiforme (EM) triggered by oral amoxicillin, treated with low-level laser applications in the region affected by the disease. Case report: A 12-year-old patient, treated at the Metropolitan Hospital Odilon Behrens, presenting ulcers in the buccal mucosa, lips, tongue, dysphagia, dyslalia, and fever, received a clinical diagnosis of EM and treatment with low-intensity red laser applications, emitted at 660 nm, with a power of 100 mW, with a dose of 33 J/cm² being applied, in points with an approximate distance of 1 cm between them. The lesions resolved within 7 days after treatment were instituted. Conclusion: This present paper shows a successful therapeutic, non-pharmacological alternative for the management of EM, showing the bio stimulating properties of laser in ulcerated lesions of the oral mucosa.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , Erythema Multiforme , Oral Ulcer , Low-Level Light Therapy
8.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 56: 24, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1377217

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To review articles that assessed work-related outcomes such as workability, work productivity, presenteeism, absenteeism, sick leave, return to work, and employment status of Brazilian patients with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, Sjögren's syndrome, and systemic autoimmune myopathies. METHODS This study was conducted in Medline databases (PubMed), SciELO, and Lilacs through a combination of descriptors of interest. Studies published until December 2020 were considered in the search strategy. RESULTS Eight out of 90 articles met the eligibility criteria and were included in this review. The studies are highly heterogeneous. Most of them are cross-sectional, and all of them address rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus. A common denominator among these studies is the high proportion of patients outside the labor market. CONCLUSIONS In general, the studies show unfavorable labor outcomes and impaired participation in the Brazilian workforce among the samples of patients assessed. There is a need to better understand several topics about Brazilian patients with systemic autoimmune diseases and their work context, as well as to conduct studies focusing on rarer diseases and on the themes of return and reintegration to work.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Autoimmune Diseases , Brazil , Sjogren's Syndrome , Occupational Health , Sick Leave , Absenteeism , Muscular Diseases , Employee Performance Appraisal
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929073

ABSTRACT

Objective Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are non-coding RNAs (ncRNA) circularized without a 3' polyadenylation [poly-(A)] tail or a 5' cap, resulting in a covalently closed loop structure. circRNAs were first discovered in RNA viruses in the 1970s, but only a small number of circRNAs were discovered at that time due to limitations in traditional polyadenylated transcriptome analyses. With the development of specific biochemical and computational methods, recent studies have shown the presence of abundant circRNAs in eukaryotic transcriptomes. circRNAs play vital roles in many physiological and pathological processes, such as acting as miRNA sponges, binding to RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), acting as transcriptional regulatory factors, and even serving as translation templates. Current evidence has shown that circRNAs can be potentially used as excellent biomarkers for diagnosis, therapeutic effect evaluation, and prognostic assessment of a variety of diseases, and they may also provide effective therapeutic targets due to their stability and tissue and development-stage specificity. This review focuses on the properties of circRNAs and their immune relationship to disease, and explores the role of circRNAs in immune-related diseases and the directions of future research.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Circular , Transcriptome
10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 97-103, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913159

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of transient elastography (TE) in the staging of hepatic fibrosis in patients with autoimmune liver disease (ALD). Methods PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and VIP databases were searched for English and Chinese articles on TE in the staging of hepatic fibrosis in ALD published from January 2000 to January 2021. Two reviewers independently performed data extraction for the articles included, and QUADAS2 was used for quality assessment. The bivariate mixed effects model in Stata 15.0 software was used to perform the Meta-analysis. Results A total of 11 articles were included, with 1041 patients in total. In the diagnosis of significant hepatic fibrosis (F≥2), TE had a pooled sensitivity of 0.81 (95% CI : 0.75-0.86), a specificity of 0.87(95% CI 0.79-0.92), and an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.91(95% CI 0.88-0.93); in the diagnosis of advanced hepatic fibrosis (F≥3), TE had a pooled sensitivity of 0.81(95% CI 0.74-0.87), a sensitivity of 0.90(95% CI 0.85-0.93), and an AUC of 0.92(95% CI 0.90-0.94); in the diagnosis of early-stage liver cirrhosis (F4), TE had a pooled sensitivity of 0.87(95% CI 0.74-0.93), a specificity of 0.93(95% CI 0.87-0.97), and an AUC of 0.96(95% CI 0.94-0.97). Conclusion TE has a good diagnostic value in evaluating significant liver fibrosis, advanced liver fibrosis, and early-stage liver cirrhosis in patients with ALD, especially with a relatively high diagnostic accuracy for early-stage liver cirrhosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934377

ABSTRACT

Glycosylation is a part of the structure and function of immunoglobulin G (IgG). Sialic acid is located at the end of IgG N-glycan and regulates IgG anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammatory activities by changing the binding of IgG with fragment crystallizable gamma receptors (FcγRs) and complements. Low IgG sialylation is closely related to the occurrence, development and prognosis of autoimmune diseases and shows great potential in the field of diagnosis, monitoring and treatment, and may function as a new biomarker and therapeutic target for autoimmune diseases.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934326

ABSTRACT

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs) are a class of immune-mediated inflammatory demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system that mainly involve the optic nerve and spinal cord. As an important environmental factor, the gut microbiota may play an important role in the occurrence and development of NMOSDs. Previous studies have shown that the structure and number of intestinal flora in NMOSDs patients are different from those of normal healthy people. The altered intestinal flora may cross-react with central nervous system autoantigens, induce T cell differentiation, and affect short-chain fatty acids, etc. The metabolite secretion pathway triggers the occurrence of NMOSDs. The summary of the changes of gut microbiota in patients with NMOSDs and the possible underlying mechanisms by summarizing the literature, aim to provide more effective treatments for the prevention and treatment of NMOSDs in the future.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 643-649, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933834

ABSTRACT

Myelin-oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody-associated disease (MOGAD) is a recently-established autoimmune central nervous system demyelinating disease, characterized by the detection of serum anti-myelin-oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody of IgG1 type. Sharing similar clinical manifestations with multiple sclerosis and aquaporin-4 antibody positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, it has yet demonstrated a unique disease course, pathological and radiological features. Therefore, MOGAD should be regarded as a disease entity to carry out further investigation. This review intends to summarize its pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment progresses, so as to provide guidance for clinical practice.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 497-500, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933815

ABSTRACT

Anti-neurexin-3α antibody-associated encephalitis is rare in clinical practice. It often has a history of pre-infection. It is characterized by abnormal mental behavior, seizures, decreased consciousness, cognitive and sleep disorders, movement disorder, central hypoventilation and autonomic nervous dysfunction. Among them, dyskinesias are mainly involuntary movements of the mouth, face and limbs, dystonia, myoclonic seizures and other manifestations of increased movement. Parkinson′s symptoms manifested as decreased movement are rarely reported. A encephalitis patient with positive anti-neurexin-3α antibody is reported, who is a young female, mainly with parkinsonism such as slow movement, unsteady walking, difficulty in starting and turning around, and inability to hold things in both upper limbs, accompanied by abnormal mental behavior and cognitive dysfunction. After treatment with methylprednisolone and intravenous immunoglobulin, the prognosis is good.

15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 372-378, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933804

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune diseases of the nervous and muscle systems constitute a major disease category in neurology, characterized by high disability and heterogeneity. However, incidences for this group of disorders are still unknown in China at the national level. The emergence of the national Hospital Quality Monitoring System (HQMS) provides comprehensive data for epidemiological studies of rare diseases, and the systematism, accuracy and consistency during data collection of HQMS information provide a unique advantage for the investigation of the incidence of rare diseases. Currently, the incidence of major neurological autoimmune diseases based on HQMS has been accomplished and published. In conjunction with clinical practice and research progress of this field, the incidence studies of multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and myasthenia gravis are summarized. The completion of survey of disease incidence is instrumental to investigate the prevalence of this group of diseases. Ultimately, the outcome would benefit neurologists as well as health care policy makers.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 117-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the additional value of unenhanced computed tomography (CT) in the differential diagnosis of brain tumors and non-neoplastic lesions.Methods:A total of 237 cases [140 males and 97 females; (49±16) years old; including 48 cases of low-grade glioma, 134 cases of high-grade glioma, 38 cases of primary central nervous system lymphoma, 9 cases of medulloblastoma, 5 cases of germinoma, and 3 cases of central neurocytoma] of brain tumors (diffuse gliomas and non-glial tumors) diagnosed by biopsy or surgery and pathology in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from September 2016 to October 2020 were collected retrospectively. Sixty-six cases [46 males and 20 females; (42±13) years old; including 12 cases of abscesses, 5 cases of infarcts, 33 cases of demyelinating lesions, 11 cases of autoimmune encephalitis, and 5 cases of central nervous system vasculitis] of brain non-neoplastic lesions were confirmed by biopsy or clinic. All patients underwent routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and unenhanced CT before the treatment. The images were reviewed by two neuroradiologists together blind to the final diagnosis with and without CT images respectively. The diagnostic results and reliability scores were recorded, and the accuracy of the two evaluations was compared.Results:CT hyperattenuation exhibited a higher specificity (95%) than conventional MRI scan (86%), and a lower diagnostic sensitivity (34% vs 86%). Compared to MRI alone, the combined modality of MRI and unenhanced CT significantly improved diagnostic accuracy (94% vs 86%). Additionally, the CT attenuation ratio of non-neoplastic lesions was significantly lower than that of neoplastic lesions [0.69 (0.61,0.78) and 1.14 (1.00,1.25), W=2 123, P<0.05]. The CT attenuation ratio in the non-glial origin tumor group was significantly higher than that in the diffuse glioma group [1.28 (1.18,1.41) and 1.13 (0.97,1.21), W=1 858, P<0.05]. There was no significant difference in grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ groups of diffuse glioma [1.11 (0.99,1.20) vs 1.16 (1.09,1.24), P>0.05 (Nemenyi test)]. However, both were significantly higher than that of grade Ⅱgroup of diffuse glioma [0.89 (0.76,1.07), P<0.05 (Nemenyi test)]. No significant difference was observed between astrocytic tumors and oligodendroglial tumors at the same grade. Conclusions:Hyperattenuation on unenhanced CT is highly specific for the diagnosis of brain tumors. Unenhanced CT plus MRI is more accurate for distinguishing the two entities in hypoattenuation lesion on unenhanced CT.

17.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 452-455, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933558

ABSTRACT

There are overlaps in the pathogenesis of autoimmune bullous diseases (AIBDs) and psoriasis. In recent years, there have been many reports on correlations between psoriasis and AIBDs. Bullous pemphigoid is the most common AIBD associated with psoriasis, followed by pemphigus vulgaris, pemphigus erythematosus and linear IgA bullous dermatosis. AIBDs occur after the onset of psoriasis in most cases, but simultaneously with or before the onset of psoriasis in some patients. This review summarizes correlations between AIBDs and psoriasis, as well as possible mechanisms.

18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 903-914, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927753

ABSTRACT

In recent decades, the treatment of autoimmune diseases has moved from the use of hormones and conventional immunosuppressive drugs to biological agents. B cell proliferation and maturation play crucial roles in the development of autoimmune diseases. The tumor necrosis factor superfamily ligand B cell activating factor (BAFF) and its receptor mediate B cell survival through regulating signaling pathways. Therefore, BAFF and its receptors are important therapeutic targets for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. This review describes the mechanism of BAFF and its receptor in the human body system and introduces the latest views on how over-activation of BAFF pathway promotes the development of autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's syndrome, and rheumatoid arthritis. In connection to the treatment of the above three diseases, this review discusses the clinical trials and application status of three BAFF-targeting antibody drugs, including Belimumab, Tabalumab and Atacicept. Finally, this review proposes new strategies that targeting the BAFF pathway to provide a new treatment for autoimmune diseases.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases/drug therapy , B-Cell Activating Factor/therapeutic use , B-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interleukin-4 , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy
19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1307-1310, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924701

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of serum IgG4 level in the differential diagnosis of IgG4-related pancreatic and hepatobiliary disease (IgG4-PHD) and non-IgG4-related disease (non-IgG4-RD). Methods Clinical data were collected from 491 patients who were hospitalized and 50 individuals who underwent physical examination in Huaian No. 1 People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Subei People's Hospital, and The First Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from August 2014 to April 2021. The 491 patients were divided into IgG4-PHD group with 20 patients, non-IgG4-RD autoimmune disease group with 431 patients (104 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, 79 with rheumatoid arthritis, 174 with Sjogren's syndrome, 16 with ankylosing spondylitis, 11 with scleroderma, 4 with adult-onset Still's disease, 30 with myositis, 3 with psoriasis, and 10 with primary sclerosing cholangitis), and malignant pancreatic/hepatobiliary tumor group with 40 patients, and the 50 individuals undergoing physical examination were enrolled as healthy control group. Scattering immunoturbidimetric assay was used to measure serum IgG4 concentration. The two-sample Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to determine the optimal cut-off value of serum IgG4 in the diagnosis of IgG4-PHD. Results The IgG4-PHD group had a significantly higher serum IgG4 level than the non-IgG4-RD autoimmune disease groups, the malignant pancreatic/hepatobiliary tumor group, and the healthy control group (all P < 0.05), and the Sjogren's syndrome group had a significantly lower serum IgG4 level than the healthy control group ( Z =2.958, P < 0.05). With serum IgG4 ≥1.35 g/L and IgG4 ≥2.01 g/L as the cut-off values, the IgG4-PHD group had a significantly higher positive rate than the non-IgG4-RD autoimmune disease group and the healthy control group (all P < 0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that IgG4 had an area under the ROC curve of 0.980 in the differential diagnosis of IgG4-PHD and non-IgG4-RD autoimmune diseases, with a sensitivity of 100.00% and a specificity of 94.00% at the optimal cut-off value of 2.21 g/L. Conclusion Serum IgG4 level may also increase in non-IgG4-RD autoimmune diseases, while the cut-off value of 2.21 g/L can improve the differential diagnosis of IgG4-PHD and non-IgG4-RD autoimmune diseases, which requires further verification in clinical practice.

20.
Adv Rheumatol ; 62: 32, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393813

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The prevalence of anti-cell autoantibodies detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay on HEp-2 cells (HEp-2-IIFA) increases with age and is higher in female sex. The number of medical specialties that use HEp-2-IIFA in the investigation of autoimmune diseases has increased lately. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and patterns of autoantibodies on HEp-2-IIFA according to demographics variables and referring medical specialties. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the HEp-2-IIFA carried out between January and June of 2017 was performed. The International Consensus on Antinuclear Antibodies Patterns (ICAP) and the Brazilian Consensus on Autoantibodies were used for patterns definition on visual reading of the slides. Anti-cell (AC) codes from ICAP and Brazilian AC codes (BAC) were used for patterns classification. Results: From 54,990 samples referred for HEp-2-IIF testing, 20.9% were positive at titer ≥ 1/80. HEp-2-IIFA positivity in females and males was 24% and 12%, respectively ( p < 0.0001). The proportion of positive results in the 4 age groups analyzed: 0-19, 20-39, 40-59, and ≥ 60 years was 23.3, 20.2, 20.1, and 22.8%, respectively ( p < 0.0001). Considering all positive sera (n = 11,478), AC-4 nuclear fine speckled (37.7%), AC-2 nuclear dense fine speckled (21.3%), BAC-3 nuclear quasi -homogeneous (10%) and mixed/composite patterns (8.8%) were the most prevalent patterns. The specialties that most requested HEp-2-IIFA were general practitioner (20.1%), dermatology (15%), gynecology (9.9%), rheumatology (8.5%), and cardiology (5.8%). HEp-2-IIFA positivity was higher in patients referred by rheumatologists (35.7% vs. 19.6%) ( p < 0.0001). Moderate (46.4%) and high (10.8%) titers were more observed in patients referred by rheumatologists ( p < 0.0001). We observed a high proportion of mixed and cytoplasmic patterns in samples referred by oncologists and a high proportion of BAC-3 (nuclear quasi -homogeneous) pattern in samples referred by pneumologists. Conclusions: One-fifth of the patients studied were HEp-2-IIFA-positive. The age groups with more positive results were 0-19 and ≥ 60 years. AC-4, AC-2, BAC-3 and mixed/composite patterns were the most frequent patterns observed. Rheumatologists requested only 8.5% of HEp-2-IIFA. Positive results and moderate to high titers of autoanti-bodies were more frequent in patients referred by rheumatologists.

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