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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 119(1): 3-11, abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383729

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Na cardiomiopatia chagásica crônica (CCC), impõem-se estudos com a proposta de identificar fatores de risco arritmogênicos em pacientes nos quais a disfunção ventricular de moderada a grave não está presente. Objetivos: Verificar a dependência entre arritmias ventriculares frequentes (ARV), fração de ejeção de ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE), extensão da fibrose pela ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC) e dosagem de norepinefrina urinária (NOREPI) na CCC com FEVE preservada ou minimamente comprometida. Métodos: Foi analisada no Holter a presença de extrassístoles ventriculares >30/hora. Na RMC, avaliou-se a FEVE e a quantificação de massa fibrosada. Foi realizada a dosagem de NOREPI pelo método de Muskiet. A matriz de correlação foi calculada para aferir a capacidade de as variáveis preverem outra sendo considerado significante p<0,05. Resultados: Foram incluídos no estudo 59 pacientes, com idade média de 57,9±10,94 anos. Arritmia ventricular frequente (ARV) foi detectada em 28 pacientes. A variável fibrose mostrou-se inversamente proporcional à fração de ejeção de ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE) (R de −0,61) e à norepinefrina urinária (NOREPI) (R de −0,68), assim como a variável ARV mostrou-se inversamente proporcional à FEVE (R de −0,33) e à NOREPI (R de −0,27). Já a FEVE mostrou-se diretamente proporcional à NOREPI (R de 0,83). Conclusão: Nesta amostra, em pacientes com CCC com FEVE preservada ou discretamente reduzida, observa-se a integridade do sistema nervoso autonômico em corações com pouca fibrose e FEVE mais elevada, apesar da presença de tradicionais fatores de risco para morte súbita cardíaca. Há dependência entre os níveis de NOREPI, FEVE e fibrose miocárdica, mas não com ARV.


Abstract Background: In Chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy (CCC), studies are needed to identify arrhythmogenic risk factors in patients in which moderate to severe ventricular dysfunction is not present. Objective: To verify the correlation between frequent ventricular arrhythmias (PVC), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), extension of fibrosis by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), and urinary norepinephrine measurement (NOREPI) in CCC with preserved or mildly compromised LVEF. Methods: The presence of ventricular extrasystoles > 30/h was analyzed on Holter. At CMR, LVEF and quantification of fibrosis mass were evaluated. The dosage of NOREPI was performed using the Muskiet method. The correlation coefficient matrix was calculated to measure the predictive ability of the variables to predict another variable, with p < 0.05 being considered significant. Results: A total of 59 patients were included. The mean age was 57.9 + 10.94 years. PVC was detected in 28 patients. The fibrosis variable was inversely proportional to LVEF (R of −0.61) and NOREPI (R of −0.68). Also, the variable PVC was inversely proportional to LVEF (R of −0.33) and NOREPI (R of −0.27). On the other hand, LVEF was directly proportional to NOREPI (R of 0.83). Conclusion: In this sample, in patients with CCC with preserved or slightly reduced LVEF, integrity of the autonomic nervous system is observed in hearts with little fibrosis and higher LVEF despite the presence of traditional risk factors for sudden cardiac death. There is correlation between the levels of NOREPI, LVEF, and myocardial fibrosis, but not with PVC.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786213

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Antiarrhythmic effect of renal denervation (RDN) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains unclear. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of RDN on ventricular arrhythmia (VA) after AMI in a porcine model.METHODS: Twenty pigs were randomly divided into 2 groups based on RDN (RDN, n=10; Sham, n=10). After implanting a loop recorder, AMI was induced by occlusion of the middle left anterior descending coronary artery. Catheter-based RDN was performed for each renal artery immediately after creating AMI. Sham procedure used the same method, but a radiofrequency current was not delivered. Electrocardiography was monitored for 1 hour to observe VA. One week later, the animals were euthanized and the loop recorder data were analyzed.RESULTS: Ventricular fibrillation event rate and the interval from AMI creation to first VA in acute phase were not different between the 2 groups. However, the incidence of premature ventricular complex (PVC) was lower in the RDN than in the Sham. Additionally, RDN inhibited prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc) interval after AMI. The frequency of non-sustained or sustained ventricular tachycardia, arrhythmic death was lower in the RDN group in the early period.CONCLUSIONS: RDN reduced the incidence of PVC, inhibited prolongation of the QTc interval, and reduced VA in the early period following an AMI. These results suggest that RDN might be a therapeutic option in patients with electrical instability after AMI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Autonomic Denervation , Coronary Vessels , Denervation , Electrocardiography , Humans , Incidence , Methods , Myocardial Infarction , Renal Artery , Swine , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Ventricular Fibrillation , Ventricular Premature Complexes
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608286

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the radiofrequency ablation (RA) and vagal denervafion (VD) in surgical treatment of long-standing atrial fibrillation (AF) associated with rheumatic heart disease (RHD).Methods Retrospective analysis the cardiac rhythm by 24-hour Holter monitoring during 5-year follow-up after total Maze procedure accompanied rheumatic mitral valve replacement.Between June 2006 and December 2007,a total of 173 consecutive patients with long-standing AF-associated RHD underwent mitral valve replacement and ablation maze procedure,92 cases had RA alone and 81 had RA + VD.Results Although Kaplan-Meier curve shows that the freedom from AF at 5 years follow-up time were similar(P =0.718),the percentage of antiarrhythmic drug therapy was significant higher in the RA group during early postoperative period(4th month,54.1% vs.34.7%,P=0.017;5th month,39.2% vs.21.3%,P=0.018;6th month,23.0% vs.10.7%,P =0.044),and the percentage of those free by AF was significant lower(6th month,82.2% vs.93.8%,P =0.023;1st year,76.1% vs.89.9%,P=0.019).Conclusion Total maze procedure with bipolar radiofrequency ablation is effective to treat longstanding AF associated with rheumatic valve disease.Vagal denervation helped to maintain stable sinus rhythm and lower antiarrhythmic drug therapy at the early stage,but there was no additional benefit after the 1 st year of follow-up,it may be caused from the reactivation of vagal plexus electrical activity.

5.
São Paulo; s.n; 2014. 140 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-750086

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) é uma doença que pode determinar lesões em diversos órgãos inclusive nos olhos. As doenças vasculares oculares constituem a grande maioria das causas de cegueira na atualidade e a HAS tem contribuição importante nesta estatística. A variabilidade da pressão arterial tem sido implicada na gênese de uma série de lesões de órgãos-alvo. Na tentativa de compreender melhor a patogênese das doenças vasculares oculares testamos a hipótese de que não apenas os efeitos da HAS, mas também a variabilidade da pressão arterial (PA) poderia determinar lesão de órgão-alvo (ocular). Materiais e Métodos: A desnervação sino-aórtica (DSA), um modelo experimental de aumento da variabilidade da pressão arterial foi utilizado nos experimentos. Foram obtidas medidas da pressão intraocular e a partir destas medidas, a pressão de perfusão ocular. Foram analisados marcadores de estresse oxidativo (8-OHdG e nitrotirosina),VEGF e receptores AT1 na retina de animais normotensos e hipertensos com e sem DSA aguda (12 e 24 horas) e crônica (10 semanas). Resultados: Os animais desnervados apresentaram aumento da variabilidade da PA sem modificar a PA basal e redução da sensibilidade do barorreflexo. Houve aumento da modulação simpática vascular e da pressão de perfusão ocular (PPO), nos animais hipertensos, com aumento adicional da PPO nos hipertensos e desnervados crônicos.Observou-seestresse oxidativo retiniano nos animais desnervados agudos e noshipertensos desnervados crônicos, além do aumento da expressão de receptores AT1 da Angiotensina II nos animais hipertensos. Os níveis de VEGF retinianos dos animais desnervados crônicos, apresentaram comportamento inverso aos níveis de Caspase-3. Conclusão: Tais resultados indicam que só a HAS, mas também a variabilidade da PA podem determinar variações na pressão de perfusão ocular, assim como também podem induzir dano oxidativo às células retinianas. Além disso, pode-se sugerir efeito...


Introduction: High blood pressure (HBP) is a disease that can determine lesions in many organs including the eyes. The ocular vascular diseases constitute the vast majority of causes of blindness and hypertension has important contribution in this statistic. Blood pressure variability has been implicated in the genesis of a series of end-organ damage. In an attempt to better understand the pathogenesis of ocular vascular diseases, we hypothesized that not only the effects of hypertension, but also the variability of blood pressure (BPV) could determine target end-organ damage (ocular). Materials and Methods: Sino-aortic denervation (SAD), an experimental model of increased blood pressure variability was used in the experiments. The intraocular pressure measurements were performed and from these measurements the ocular perfusion pressure was estimated. Oxidative stress markers (8-OHdG and nitrotyrosine), VEGF and AT1 receptor in rat retinas were analyzed inacute and chronic hypertensive and normotensiveSAD rats and in controls. Results: Denervated animals showed increased BP variability without altering the basal BP, while presenting reduced baroreflex sensitivity.There was an increase in sympatheticvascular modulation and in OPP,in hypertensive animals, that was additionally in chronic denervated hypertensive animals.Acute denervated and chronic hypertensive denervated animals showed retinal oxidative stress as well as hypertensive animals presented increased expression of AT1 receptors of angiotensin II. The levels of retinal VEGF of chronically denervated animals showed inverse behavior of levels of Caspase-3 Conclusion: These results suggest that, apart from the arterial hypertension, BP variability not only determines changes in ocular perfusion pressure, but also induces oxidative damage to retinal cells. Furthermore, one can suggest retinal neuroprotective effect of VEGF...


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Autonomic Denervation , Baroreflex , Glaucoma , Hypertension , Intraocular Pressure , Oxidative Stress , Retina , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 99(2): 732-739, ago. 2012. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-647717

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: A morte súbita é a principal causa de óbito na doença de Chagas, acometendo pacientes mesmo em fases precoces da doença. É reconhecido o comprometimento do sistema nervoso autônomo nessa doença e seu potencial como deflagrador de arritmias malignas quando associado a alterações estruturais ou metabólicas. OBJETIVO: Buscamos identificar, em pacientes chagásicos com função sistólica preservada, o comprometimento do sistema nervoso autônomo e sua associação com anticorpos funcionalmente ativos contra receptores anti-m2 e anti-β1. MÉTODOS: Mediante análise espectral da variabilidade RR durante teste de inclinação passiva, pacientes chagásicos crônicos foram comparados com controles saudáveis pareados por idade. Posteriormente, a associação de disfunção autonômica com anticorpos funcionalmente ativos com ação anti-m2 e anti-β1 foi pesquisada pelo método de Langendorf. RESULTADOS: Observamos que pacientes chagásicos sem disfunção ventricular expressam atividade parassimpática ante um estímulo vagal, porém com menor intensidade em relação aos controles. Pacientes chagásicos com anticorpos anti-m2 ou anti-β1 apresentaram uma redução ainda mais expressiva da resposta vagal durante a arritmia sinusal respiratória, independentemente da presença de lesão estrutural. Entretanto, a associação de ambos promoveu resposta ao estímulo vagal similar aos chagásicos sem a presença dos mesmos. CONCLUSÃO: A menor reserva vagal em pacientes chagásicos com função preservada esteve associada à presença de anticorpos anti-m2 ou anti-β1 funcionalmente ativos, e não à presença de lesão cardíaca estrutural.


BACKGROUND: Sudden death is the leading cause of death in Chagas' disease, affecting patients even in the early stages of the disease. The impairment of the autonomic nervous system in this disease has been recognized, as well as its potential as a trigger for malignant arrhythmias when associated with structural or metabolic changes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify, in Chagas patients with preserved systolic function, the impairment of the autonomic nervous system and its association with functionally active anti-m2 and anti-β1 receptor antibodies. METHODS: Using spectral analysis of RR variability during passive tilt test, chronic chagasic patients were compared with healthy controls matched for age. Subsequently, the association of autonomic dysfunction with functionally active antibodies with anti-m2 and anti-β1 action was investigated by the Langendorf method. RESULTS: We observed that patients with Chagas disease without ventricular dysfunction express parasympathetic activity against a vagal stimulus, however with less intensity compared to controls. Chagasic patients with anti-m2 or anti-β1 antibodies showed a further significant reduction of the vagal response during respiratory sinus arrhythmia, regardless of the presence of structural lesion. However, the association of both factors promoted response to vagal stimulation similar to that seen in Chagas disease without their presence. CONCLUSION: The lower vagal reserve in Chagas patients with preserved function was associated with functionally active anti-m2 or anti-β1 antibodies, and not with the presence of structural heart lesion.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Autoantibodies/immunology , Autonomic Nervous System/immunology , Autonomic Nervous System/physiopathology , Chagas Disease/immunology , Chagas Disease/physiopathology , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-1/immunology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/immunology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Electrocardiography , Heart Rate/physiology , Reference Values , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/immunology
7.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 39(2): 146-150, mar.-abr. 2012.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-626634

ABSTRACT

Os autores analisam a relação entre carcinogênese gastrintestinal e doença de Chagas, com base em revisão pormenorizada da literatura. Para tal, foram selecionados estudos epidemiológicos, experimentais e de descrição anatomopatológica com material humano. O artigo discute a possibilidade de a proteção ser conferida por fatores celulares morfocinéticos, imunológicos e neuroendócrinos não totalmente conhecidos e que seriam secundários à degeneração plexular. Também são apresentados aspectos relacionados à interação parasito-hospedeiro, sob o ponto de vista da modulação epitelial da mucosa colônica, e suas implicações antitumorais. Por fim, expõe-se o mecanismo fisiopatológico de desenvolvimento da neoplasia de esôfago em pacientes com megaesôfago. Conclui-se que a colopatia chagásica, especialmente o dano neuronal intrínseco, constitui modelo de estudo que pode contribuir no entendimento da carcinogênese colorretal.


The authors analyze the relation between gastrointestinal carcinogenesis and Chagas disease, based on detailed review of the literature. To this end, epidemiological, experimental and human material pathology description studies have been selected. The article discusses the possibility of protection being afforded by not fully known morphokinetic cellular, immune and neuroendocrine factors that would be secondary to plexus degeneration. Also aspects related to the parasite-host interaction from the viewpoint of epithelial modulation of colonic mucosa and its antitumor implications are presented. Finally, it exposes the pathophysiological mechanism of esophageal cancer development in patients with mega-organ. In conclusion, chagasic colopathy, especially the intrinsic neuronal damage, is a study model that can contribute to the understanding of colorectal carcinogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chagas Disease/complications , Gastrointestinal Diseases/parasitology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/parasitology
8.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 23(3): 159-162, jul.-set. 2010.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-562777

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The gastrointestinal disorders have been associated with morphological alterations in the myenteric nervous plexus. AIM: To evaluate, through morphometric studies, the chronic effects of the subdiaphragmatic trunk vagotomy on the nervous plexus. METHODS: Fifteen male exemplars of Wistar Rattus novergicus weighing about 150g, distributed into three groups, have been used: control (n=5), Sham (n=5) and vagotomized (n=5). The animals were sacrificed after 30 and 90 days post surgery. Fragments of duodenum were fixed in Bouin solution, embedded into paraffin and stained with HE and PAS. Morphometric analysis was performed by a Carl Zeiss KM 450 image system. The following aspects were observed: the density of nervous cells per linear micrometer (µm) (ND); the area of perikarya (µm²) (NA); the number of satellite cells per µm (SCD); and the number of satellite cells per neuron (SC/N). The averages were compared with the help of "software" program Sigma Plus through two way - ANOVA and Tuckey post-test. RESULTS: Denervation increased SC/N (p<0,05) and NA (p<0,05), in a time-dependent denervation way (p<0,05). However ND and SCD, decreased, which significantly with the animal's age (p<0,001). CONCLUSION: Vagotomy altered the myenteric plexus morphology in a time-dependent way.


RACIONAL: As disfunções gastrintestinais têm sido associadas à alterações morfológicas no plexo nervoso mioentérico. OBJETIVO: Avaliar através do estudo morfométrico, os efeitos crônicos da vagotomia troncular subdiafragmática sobre esse plexo nervoso. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 15 exemplares machos de Rattus novergicus da variedade Wistar, com cerca de 150 g, distribuídos nos grupos controle (n=5), Sham (n=5) e vagotomizados (n=5). Os animais foram sacrificados depois de 30 e 90 dias após as operações. Em seguida, fragmentos do duodeno foram fixados em solução de Bouin, incluídos em parafina e corados por HE e PAS. A análise morfométrica foi realizada por meio do sistema de análise de imagem Carl Zeiss KM 450. Foram observados: a densidade de células nervosas por micrômetro linear (µm); a área dos pericários (µm²); o número de células satélites por µm; e o número de células satélites por neurônio. As médias foram comparadas com o auxílio do programa de "software" Sigma Plus através do Two way - ANOVA e do pós-teste de Tukey. RESULTADOS: A desnervação aumentou o número de células satélites por neurônios (p<0,05) e a área média dos pericários (p<0,05), de maneira dependente do tempo de desnervação (p<0,05), mas diminuiu significativamente a densidade de neurônios (p<0,05) e de células satélites (p<0,05) em função da idade (p<0,001). CONCLUSÃO: A vagotomia alterou a morfologia do plexo mioentérico de maneira dependente do tempo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Duodenum/physiopathology , Myenteric Plexus/anatomy & histology , Vagotomy/adverse effects , Autonomic Denervation , Myenteric Plexus/surgery , Rats, Wistar
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