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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 334-343, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013626

ABSTRACT

Aim To predict the mechanism of Fufang Congrong Yizhi Capsules (FCYC) in the treatment of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) by network pharmacology method, and further validate it in combination with cellular experiments. Methods TCMSP, Gene-Cards, OMIM and TTD databases, Chinese Pharmacopoeia and related literature were used to screen the active ingredients of FCYC and the targets of MCI treatment. The TCM-compound-target-disease network and PPI of intersection targets were constructed, and the GO and KEGG analysis were performed by the Ehamb bioinformation platform. GO and KEGG analysis were performed through Yihanbo biological information platform. Cell model of MCI was established by PC-12 injury induced by Aβ

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 56-64, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013340

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the mechanism of salvianolic acid F (Sal F) in repairing the high glucose-induced injury in human kidney-2 (HK-2) cells via the B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)-associated X protein (Bax)/cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase 3 (Caspase-3)/gasdermin-E (GSDME) pathway. MethodThe cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to measure the relative viability of HK-2 cells exposed to high glucose and different concentrations (2.5, 5, 10, 20 μmol·L-1) of Sal F and the relative viability of HK-2 cells treated with Sal F for different time periods. The levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the supernatant of the cell culture were measured by the LDH assay kit and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit, respectively. Flow cytometry combined with Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide (PI) and Hoechst 33342/PI staining was employed to reveal the proportion of PI-positive HK-2 cells exposed to high glucose. Western blotting was employed to determine the protein levels of Bax, Bcl-2, cytochrome C, cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase (Caspase)-9, Caspase-3, and GSDME in the HK-2 cells exposed to high glucose and treated with Sal F. The 2,7-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate fluorescence probe (DCFH-DA) and mitochondrial membrane potential assay kit (JC-1) were used to determine the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the mitochondrial membrane potential in the HK-2 cells exposed to high glucose and treated with Sal F. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group showed decreased cell viability (P<0.01), elevated levels LDH and IL-1β, increased proportion of PI-positive cells (P<0.01), up-regulated protein levels of Bax, cytochrome C, Caspase-9, Caspase-3, and GSDME (P<0.01), down-regulated protein level of Bcl-2 (P<0.01), decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, and excessive ROS accumulation. Compared with the model group, Sal F repaired the high glucose-induced injury in HK-2 cells (P<0.05), lowered the levels of LDH and IL-1β (P<0.05, P<0.01), and decreased the proportion of PI-positive cells (P<0.01). In addition, Sal F down-regulated the protein levels of Bax, cytochrome C, Caspase-9, Caspase-3, and GSDME and up-regulated the protein level of Bcl-2 (P<0.05, P<0.01), increased the mitochondrial membrane potential, and decreased the accumulation of ROS in HK-2 cells. ConclusionSal F can reduce the production of ROS, restore the balance of mitochondrial membrane potential, and inhibit pyroptosis via the Bax/Caspase-3/GSDME signaling pathway to repair the high glucose-induced injury in HK-2 cells.

3.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-11, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006808

ABSTRACT

@#High-Grade B-Cell Lymphoma (HGBCL) with gene rearrangements in MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 is an aggressive malignancy usually presenting in advanced stages. Current recommendations suggest the use of regimens more intensive than R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, prednisone), which are based on retrospective studies and single-arm prospective trials that included patients who are mostly in the advanced stage, and did not receive consolidation radiotherapy. The optimal approach and treatment of HGBCL, whether limited-stage (LS) or advanced-stage, remains to be determined. Here we describe the promising outcomes of three patients with LS and low IPI HGBCL with the use of R-CHOP as induction chemotherapy regimen, which was followed by consolidation radiotherapy. Three women, 54-, 60-, and 64-years of age diagnosed to have HGBCL with MYC, and BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangements, with Ann Arbor stages I-IIE were included in this case series. All three patients had complete metabolic response to 6 cycles of R-CHOP and was subsequently treated with consolidation involved site radiotherapy (ISRT; total dose 30-36 Gy). Chemotherapy and radiotherapy were tolerated very well. All patients remain to be in remission, with the longest being at 23 months. Outcomes of patients with HGBCL generally remain to be poor, but this may not be the case for patients with limited-stage disease and favorable clinicopathologic risk profile. Nevertheless, the treatment of HGBCL is currently evolving and more studies are needed to determine the ideal approach and preferred chemotherapy regimen. Also, more studies are needed to elucidate the potential role of consolidation radiotherapy in patients with limited-stage HGBCL to improve survival outcomes. Findings of this case series suggest that patients with LS HGBCL may still derive benefit from R-CHOP followed by consolidation ISRT, but prospective trials are needed to confirm this.

4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 52-61, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the in vitro and in vivo antitumor effects of the polysaccharide of Alocasia cucullata (PAC) and the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#B16F10 and 4T1 cells were cultured with PAC of 40 µg/mL, and PAC was withdrawn after 40 days of administration. The cell viability was detected by cell counting kit-8. The expression of Bcl-2 and Caspase-3 proteins were detected by Western blot and the expressions of ERK1/2 mRNA were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). A mouse melanoma model was established to study the effect of PAC during long-time administration. Mice were divided into 3 treatment groups: control group treated with saline water, positive control group (LNT group) treated with lentinan at 100 mg/(kg·d), and PAC group treated with PAC at 120 mg/(kg·d). The pathological changes of tumor tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The apoptosis of tumor tissues was detected by TUNEL staining. Bcl-2 and Caspase-3 protein expressions were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expressions of ERK1/2, JNK1 and p38 mRNA were detected by qRT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#In vitro, no strong inhibitory effects of PAC were found in various tumor cells after 48 or 72 h of administration. Interestingly however, after 40 days of cultivation under PAC, an inhibitory effect on B16F10 cells was found. Correspondingly, the long-time administration of PAC led to downregulation of Bcl-2 protein (P<0.05), up-regulation of Caspase-3 protein (P<0.05) and ERK1 mRNA (P<0.05) in B16F10 cells. The above results were verified by in vivo experiments. In addition, viability of B16F10 cells under long-time administration culture in vitro decreased after drug withdrawal, and similar results were also observed in 4T1 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Long-time administration of PAC can significantly inhibit viability and promote apoptosis of tumor cells, and had obvious antitumor effect in tumor-bearing mice.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Alocasia/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Caspase 3/metabolism , Apoptosis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
5.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 83(1): 149-152, abr. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430787

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las lesiones metastásicas que comprometen la glándula mamaria son excepcionales, ocupando las neoplasias hematolinfoides el segundo lugar en orden de frecuencia en series de casos reporta dos en la literatura con una prevalencia de 0.04% a 1.6% en relación a todos los tumores malignos de la mama, alcanzando una incidencia anual de 0.07%, los cuales corresponden principalmente a linfomas secundarios. El 80% de estos son linfomas B difusos de células grandes, seguido de linfoma folicular y linfoma de la zona marginal. Presentamos una mujer de 60 años con diagnóstico de linfoma folicular que comenzó con una masa perirrenal derecha y ganglios linfáticos ipsilaterales retroperitoneales e inguinales, quien, durante su tratamiento, presentó avance en el estadio clínico con compromiso secundario inusual de ambas glándulas mamarias por esta neoplasia hematolinfoide. Se evaluó el comportamiento biológico de esta enfermedad para comprender los mecanismos fisiopatológicos, mediante el análisis de factores clínicos, histológicos y pronósticos, permitiendo la estadificación definitiva, la cual fue determinante para la elección de la terapia individualizada acorde a las guías de práctica clínica basada en la evidencia científica, impactando positivamente en la evolución médica de la paciente.


Abstract Metastatic lesions involving the breast are exceptional; hematolymphoid neoplasias rank second as per their frequency in case series reported in the literature with a prevalence of 0.04% to 1.6% when consider ing all malignant breast tumors and reaching an annual incidence of 0.07%, mainly accounted for by secondary lymphomas. Eighty percent of them are diffuse, large B cells lymphomas (DLBCL), followed by follicular lymphoma and marginal zone lymphoma. This case is about a 60 year-old woman with a diagnosis of follicular lymphoma, who presented with a right perirenal mass and ipsilateral retroperitoneal and inguinal lymph nodes, whose clinical status progressed during the treatment with unusual secondary involvement of both breasts by hematolymphoid neoplasia. The biological behavior of the condition was evaluated to understand the pathophysiological mecha nisms; this was done analyzing clinical, histologic and prognostic factors that led to a definitive staging, which was key to select the individualized therapy following the clinical practice guidelines based on scientific evidence, with a positive impact on the patient's medical progress.

6.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 83(1): 150-152, abr. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430788

ABSTRACT

Abstract Metastatic lesions involving the breast are exceptional; hematolymphoid neoplasias rank second as per their frequency in case series reported in the literature with a prevalence of 0.04% to 1.6% when considering all malignant breast tumors and reaching an annual incidence of 0.07%, mainly accounted for by secondary lymphomas. Eighty percent of them are diffuse, large B cells lymphomas (DLBCL), followed by follicular lymphoma and marginal zone lymphoma. This case is about a 60 year-old woman with a diagnosis of follicular lymphoma, who presented with a right perirenal mass and ipsilateral retroperitoneal and inguinal lymph nodes, whose clinical status progressed during the treatment with unusual secondary involvement of both breasts by hematolymphoid neoplasia. The biological behavior of the condition was evaluated to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms; this was done analyzing clinical, histologic and prognostic factors that led to a definitive staging, which was key to select the individualized therapy following the clinical practice guidelines based on scientific evidence, with a positive impact on the patient's medical progress.


Resumen Las lesiones metastásicas que comprometen la glándula mamaria son excepcionales, ocupando las neoplasias hematolinfoides el segundo lugar en orden de frecuencia en series de casos reportados en la literatura con una prevalencia de 0.04% a 1.6% en relación a todos los tumores malignos de la mama, alcanzando una incidencia anual de 0.07%, los cuales corresponden principalmente a linfomas secundarios. El 80% de estos son linfomas B difusos de células grandes, seguido de linfoma folicular y linfoma de la zona marginal. Presentamos una mujer de 60 años con diagnóstico de linfoma folicular que comenzó con una masa perirrenal derecha y ganglios linfáticos ipsilaterales retroperitoneales e inguinales, quien, durante su tratamiento, presentó avance en el estadio clínico con compromiso secundario inusual de ambas glándulas mamarias por esta neoplasia hematolinfoide. Se evaluó el comportamiento biológico de esta enfermedad para comprender los mecanismos fisiopatológicos, mediante el análisis de factores clínicos, histológicos y pronósticos, permitiendo la estadificación definitiva, la cual fue determinante para la elección de la terapia individualizada acorde a las guías de práctica clínica basada en la evidencia científica, impactando positivamente en la evolución médica de la paciente.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 445-450, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between the expression levels of STMN1, BubR1, bcl-2 and Bad and the chemotherapy effect of paclitaxel-containing regimen in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods:The clinical data of ESCC patients who received paclitaxel-containing chemotherapy at Fenyang Hospital Affiliated to Shanxi Medical University from September 2016 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 59 cases received maintenance chemotherapy and 27 cases received surgery after 3 courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The expression levels of STMN1, BubR1, bcl-2 and Bad in tumor tissues before chemotherapy were detected by immunohistochemistry. The imaging efficacy after 3 courses of chemotherapy and pathological efficacy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy were evaluated. The imaging efficacy, pathological efficacy and progression-free survival (PFS) were compared between the high expression group and the low expression group of each protein.Results:The proportion of patients with stage Ⅳ (46.3%, 19/41), the proportion of patients with low differentiation (22%, 9/41) and the incidence of lymph node metastasis (95.1%, 39/41) in STMN1 high expression group were higher than those in STMN1 low expression group (17.8%, 8/45; 4.4%, 2/45; 64.4%, 29/45), and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The proportion of patients with stage Ⅳ in Bad high expression group was lower than that in Bad low expression group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). In the evaluation of imaging efficacy, the chemotherapy sensitivity rates in STMN1 and BubR1 high expression groups (29.3%, 12/41; 37.9%, 22/58) were lower than those in STMN1 and BubR1 low expression groups (75.6%, 34/45; 85.7%, 24/28), and the chemotherapy sensitivity rate of patients in Bad high expression group (65.9%, 27/41) was higher than that in Bad low expression group (42.2%, 19/45), and the difference was statistically significant (all P < 0.05). There was no statistical correlation between bcl-2 expression and chemotherapy sensitivity rate ( P > 0.05). In the evaluation of pathological efficacy, the proportion of patients with tumor regression grade (TRG) score 0-1 after neoadjuvant therapy in STMN1 high expression group (27.3%, 3/11) was lower than that in STMN1 low expression group (75.0%, 12/16), and the difference was statistically significant ( P = 0.022). There were no statistical differences in the proportions of patients with TRG score 0-1 after neoadjuvant therapy between high and low expression groups of BubR1, bcl-2 and Bad (all P > 0.05). The PFS rate was 15.2% (9/59) for patients received maintenance chemotherapy, and the median PFS time was 6 months. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that PFS in STMN1 low expression group was better than that in STMN1 low expression group ( χ2 = 12.90, P < 0.001). PFS in BubR1 low expression group was better than that in BubR1 high expression ( χ2 =12.04, P < 0.001). PFS in Bad high expression group was better than that in Bad low expression group ( χ2 =9.69, P = 0.004). There was no statistical difference in PFS between high and low bcl-2 expression groups ( χ2 =1.43, P = 0.320). Conclusions:ESCC patients with low expression of STMN1, low expression of BubR1 and high expression of Bad have better chemotherapy effect after receiving paclitaxel-containing regimen, but there is no correlation between bcl-2 expression and chemotherapy efficacy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 17-25, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980169

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the protective effect of Geju Hugan tablets on the liver of mice with alcohol-induced liver injury, and explore the underlying mechanism based on nuclear factor-κB p65 (NF-κB p65) and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)/Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) signaling pathways. MethodAccording to the body weight, 60 SPF-grade male ICR mice were randomized into normal, model, Compound Yiganling tablets (0.16 g·kg-1), and low-, medium-, and high-dose (0.2, 0.4, 0.8 g·kg-1, respectively) Geju Hugan tablets groups. The drugs were administrated at the corresponding doses by gavage, and the normal and model groups with equal volume of pure water once a day for 28 consecutive days. On day 29, the mice in other groups except the normal group were administrated with liquor (53% Vol) by gavage twice a day at the doses of 20, 10 mL·kg-1 and with the interval of 6 h. Samples were harvested on day 30. The histopathological changes in the liver were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the ultrastructural changes in hepatocytes were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to measure the levels of malonaldehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), and triglycerides (TG) in the liver tissue and the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the serum. Western blotting was employed to determine the protein levels of NF-κB p65, phosphorylated p-inhibitor kappa B alpha (p-IκBα), Bcl-2, and Bax in the liver tissue. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed increases in the ALT, AST, MDA, and TG levels, a decrease in the GSH level, and increases in the liver injury scores evaluated based on the HE, oil red O, and transmission electron microscopy (P<0.01). Moreover, the model group showed up-regulated expression of NF-κB, p-IκBα, and Bax (P<0.05, P<0.01) and down-regulated expression of Bcl-2 (P<0.05) in the liver tissue. Compared with the model group, Geju Hugan tablets of all the doses lowered the ALT, AST, MDA, and TG levels and elevated the GSH level (P<0.01). The liver injury scores assessed based on HE staining and transmission electron microscopy in the medium- and high-dose Geju Hugan tablets groups were lower than those in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, medium- and high-dose Geju Hugan tablets down-regulated the protein levels of NF-κB, p-IκBα, and Bax (P<0.01) and all doses of Geju Hugan tablets up-regulated the protein level of Bcl-2 (P<0.01). ConclusionGeju Hugan tablets protect mice from alcohol-induced liver injury by down-regulating NF-κB signaling pathway to alleviate inflammation in the liver tissue and down-regulating the expression of Bax and up-regulating the expression of Bcl-2 to inhibit hepatocyte apoptosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 421-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulation of transcription factor CCCTC binding factor (CTCF) on the expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 ( Bcl-2) gene in pterygium and its molecular mechanism. Methods:Pterygium tissue samples from 22 primary pterygium patients who underwent pterygium excision combined with autologous limbal stem cell transplantation in The First Hospital of Changsha from June 2017 to February 2019 were collected during the operation as pterygium group.Normal conjunctival tissue from 20 patients with ocular trauma due to conjunctiva rupture, eyeball rupture or eyeball perforation in the same period were collected during the repair of ocular trauma as control group.Real-time PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of CTCF and Bcl-2 in the two groups.The DNA methylation level of the Bcl-2 promoter in the samples of the two groups was detected by bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP). Pterygium fibroblasts were isolated and cultured.Fibroblasts were identified by immunohistochemistry using vimentin antibody.The cultured pterygium fibroblasts were divided into a CTCF interference group transfected with CTCF interference plasmid, and a control group transfected with control plasmid.The expression levels of CTCF and Bcl-2 in pterygium fibroblasts in CTCF interference and control groups were detected by real-time PCR and Western blot.The cell vitality was detected with cell counting kit-8 at 12, 24, and 48 hours after transfection.The DNA methylation level of the Bcl-2 promoter in the cells of the CTCF interference and control groups after transfection was determined by BSP.Differences of the indexes among groups were analyzed.Correlation between Bcl-2 mRNA and Bcl-2 gene promoter methylation level of CTCF protein in pterygium tissue was analyzed by Pearson linear correlation analysis.This study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of The First Hospital of Changsha (No.KL-2017021). Written informed consent was obtained from the patients from whom the specimens were collected.Results:The relative expression levels of CTCF mRNA and protein in pterygium group were 7.23±3.34 and 0.92±0.21, respectively, which were significantly higher than 1.10±0.44 and 0.28±0.07 in normal conjunctiva group ( t=-8.136, -13.025; both at P<0.01). The relative expression levels of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein in pterygium group were 10.27±4.64 and 0.95±0.27, which were higher than 1.10±0.41 and 0.32±0.14 in normal conjunctiva group, showing statistically significant differences ( t=-8.789, -10.782; both at P<0.01). The CTCF protein expression was significantly positively correlated with the Bcl-2 mRNA expression in pterygium group ( r=0.746, P<0.01). The DNA methylation level of the Bcl-2 promoter in pterygium group was 0.65±0.09, which was lower than 0.83±0.06 in normal conjunctiva group, with a statistically significant difference ( t=7.408, P<0.01). The DNA methylation level was significantly negatively correlated with the Bcl-2 mRNA expression in pterygium group ( r=-0.635, P<0.01). After the interference of CTCF expression in pterygium fibroblasts, the relative expression levels of CTCF and Bcl-2 mRNA in CTCF interference group were 0.37±0.03 and 0.53±0.06, which were significantly lower than 1.02±0.06 and 0.99±0.07 in control group ( t=20.035, 9.029; both at P<0.01). The relative expression levels of CTCF and Bcl-2 proteins in CTCF interference group were 0.23±0.06 and 0.56±0.07, which were lower than 0.52±0.05 and 0.92±0.12 in control group, showing statistically significant differences ( t=6.914, 4.719; both at P<0.01). The cell viability of pterygium fibroblasts in CTCF interference group was 0.10±0.01, 0.17±0.01, 0.38±0.04 at 12, 24, and 48 hours after interference, respectively, which were lower than 0.12±0.01, 0.29±0.01 and 0.85±0.06 in control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=3.718, 18.350, 15.621; all at P<0.01). The DNA methylation level of Bcl-2 promoter in CTCF interference group was 0.75±0.04, which was significantly higher than 0.61±0.03 in control group ( t=-4.472, P<0.05). Conclusions:CTCF is excessively expressed in pterygium, which may mediate the overexpression of Bcl-2 through down-regulating DNA methylation level.

10.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 413-418, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989578

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the inhibitory effect and killing mechanism of Bcl-2 BH4 selective inhibitor BDA-366 on NK/T cell lymphoma (NK/TCL) .Methods:Human NK cell leukemia cell line YT and human NK/TCL cell line NK92 cells were treated with 0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.20, 0.30, 0.40, 0.50 μmol/L BDA-366. CCK-8 assay was used to calculate the half inhibitory concentration (IC 50) value of BDA-366 on these cells. The apoptosis levels of cells in control group and IC 50 BDA-366 treated group were detected by flow cytometry. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins in cells of control group and 1/2 IC 50, IC 50, 2× IC 50 BDA-366 treated groups. TMRE and Fluo-3 fluorescent probe were used to detect mitochondrial membrane potential of control group and IC 50 BDA-366 treated group, and the intracellular Ca 2+ concentration of control group, IC 50, 2× IC 50 BDA-366 treated groups. NOD-SCID mice in control group and 10 mg/kg BDA-366 intraperitoneal injection group were weighed and HE staining was performed to evaluate the toxicity of BDA-366 in vivo. Results:The IC 50 of BDA-366 for YT and NK92 cells were 0.065 and 0.086 μmol/L respectively. The apoptosis rates of YT cells in the control group and 0.065 μmol/L BDA-366 group were (6.62±1.59) % and (34.60±3.06) % respectively. The apoptosis rates of NK92 cells in the control group and 0.086 μmol/L BDA-366 group were (5.57±0.88) % and (29.18±0.90) % respectively, both with statistically significant differences ( t=14.05, P<0.001; t=32.58, P<0.001). The relative expression of Bax in NK92 cells of the control group, 0.043, 0.086 and 0.172 μmol/L BDA-366 groups were 0.85±0.00, 1.26±0.04, 1.51±0.18, 1.15±0.10 ( F=20.70, P<0.001), the relative expression of Bax in BDA-366 groups were higher than that in the control group (all P<0.05). The fluorescence intensity of TMRE of YT cells in the control group and 0.065 μmol/L BDA-366 group were 8 372.00±330.47 and 6 419.67±311.34, and that of NK92 cells in the control group and 0.086 μmol/L BDA-366 group were 9 169.00±535.72 and 7 311.67±295.52 respectively, and there were statistically significant differences ( t=7.45, P=0.002; t=5.26, P=0.006). In YT cells, the intracellular Ca 2+ concentrations of 0.065 and 0.130 μmol/L BDA-366 groups were significantly higher than that of the control group (5 791.67±220.45, 6 729.33±585.39, 4 874.67±112.61, F=19.16, P=0.003) ( P=0.039; P=0.002). In NK92 cells, the intracellular Ca 2+ concentrations of 0.086 and 0.172 μmol/L BDA-366 groups were significantly higher than that of the control group (4 553.67±17.62, 4 740.33±254.50, 4 185.67±17.67, F=10.96, P=0.010) ( P=0.039; P=0.007). There was no statistically significant difference in body weight change on day 12 compared with day 0 of NOD-SCID mice between BDA-366 group and control group [ (3.18±0.01) g vs. (2.73±0.58) g, t=0.60, P=0.570], and HE staining showed no abnormal morphology of heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney in BDA-366 group. Conclusion:BDA-366 promotes NK/TCL cells apoptosis in vitro, but does not cause weight loss and morphological changes of organs by HE staining in vivo. The inhibitory effect of BDA-366 on NK/TCL cells may be achieved by increasing Bax expression, inducing Ca 2+ release and reducing mitochondrial membrane potential.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 133-141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964954

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect of Bushen Huoxuetang on the apoptosis and the expression of B-cell lymphoma (Bcl-2)-associated X protein (Bax)/ Bcl-2 and cleaved cysteine-containing aspartate proteolytic enzyme-3 (cleaved Caspase-3) in the nude mouse model of bone metastasis of breast cancer, and explore the mechanism of Bushen Huoxuetang in inhibiting bone destruction. MethodThirty BALB/c female nude mice were randomly assigned into blank group (n=6) and model group (n=24). The suspension of 4T1 breast cancer cells was injected into the tibia of mouse right lower limb to establish model of bone metastasis of breast cancer. The successfully modeled nude mice were randomly assigned into model group, Bushen Huoxuetang group, zoledronic acid group, and combined drug group, with 6 mice in each group. Bushen Huoxuetang was administrated at a dose of 36.67 g·kg-1, once a day, and zoledronic acid was administrated by subcutaneous injection at a dose of 100 μg·kg-1, twice a week. The combined drug group was administrated with the same doses of Bushen Huoxuetang group by gavage and zoledronic acid by subcutaneous injection. The mice in the blank group and the model group were administrated with the same volume of distilled water by gavage for 14 days. On the next day at the end of drug administration, the mice were sacrificed by cervical dislocation. The general situation and weight changes of the mice were examined. The right lower limb was collected, and X-ray scanning and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining methods were used for observation of pathological changes in the bone. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) was employed to detect the apoptosis of bone tissue in nude mice, and Western blot to determine the expression of Bax/Bcl-2 and cleaved Caspase-3 in the bone tissue. ResultCompared with the blank group, the modeling reduced the body weight (P<0.01) and increased the right lower limb weight of the nude mice (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, Bushen Huoxuetang, zoledronic acid, and their combination increased the body weight (P<0.01) and decreased the right lower limb weight (P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the other groups showed obvious tumor cell atypia, deep nuclear staining, and clear bone metastasis, and the model group showed obvious osteolytic damage in right lower limb and loss of proximal tibia and knee joint. Compared with the model group, Bushen Huoxuetang, zoledronic acid, and their combination reduced the osteolytic lesions in the right lower limb and recovered part of the bone structure, demonstrating an inhibitory effect on bone destruction. The TUNEL assay showed that the model group had lower apoptosis rate of bone metastatic tumor cells than the blank group, Bushen Huoxuetang group, zoledronic acid group, and combined drug group (P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the modeling down-regulated the expression of Bax and cleaved Caspase-3 (P<0.01) and up-regulated the expression of Bcl-2 (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, Bushen Huoxuetang, zoledronic acid, and their combination up-regulated the expression of Bax (P<0.01) and cleaved Caspase-3 (P<0.05, P<0.01) and down-regulated the expression of Bcl-2 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionBushen Huoxuetang may inhibit bone destruction in the nude mouse model of bone metastasis of breast cancer by up-regulating the expression of Bax, down-regulating the expression of Bcl-2, activating cleaved Caspase-3, and further inducing apoptosis.

12.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 50-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015255

ABSTRACT

Objective To detecte the expressions of phosphorylated p38 MAPK (p-p38 MAPK), Bax and Bcl-2 in the cerebral cortex of hyperlipidemia rats after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and the effect of SB203580 on the expressions of p-p38 MAPK, Bax and Bcl-2, to explore the effect of p38 MAPK activation on the expressions of Bax and Bcl-2 in hyperlipidemia cerebral I/R injury. Methods After the hyperlipidemia model was established, the rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham operation group, operation group (I/R) and SB203580 treatment group (SB+I/R), with 10 rats in each group. The focal cerebral I/R model in hyperlipemia rats was established with thread embolism of the left middle cerebral artery. The neurobehavioral score was used to observe the symptoms of neurobehavioral injury. The 2, 3, 5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was used to detect the volume of cerebral infarction, and the TUNEL staining was used to observe apoptotic cells. The relative expression levels of p-p38 MAPK, Bax and Bcl-2 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Results Compared with the sham group, the infarct volume, apoptosis index and neurobehavioral score of rats in the I/R group increased significantly, and the expressions of p-p38 MAPK and Bax increased significantly, and the expression of Bcl-2 decreased significantly (P<0. 05). Compared with the I/R group, rats in the SB+I/R group had less brain damage, the infarct volume and the apoptosis index were significantly reduced, the expressions of p-p38 MAPK reduced significantly, Bax expression decreased while Bcl-2 expression increased. The differences were statistically significant (P<0. 05). Neurobehavioral scores were lower in SB+I/R group than in I/R group, but the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion In the process of cerebral I/R injury in hyperlipidemiarats, activation of p38 MAPK can regulate the expression of Bax and Bcl-2.

13.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 175-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015241

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid ( Poly-IC ) treatment on the expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion ( I / R ) injury in fryperlipidemia rats, and to detect the cerebral infarction, blood-brain barrier permeability and behavioral injury symptoms, to explore the neuroprotective effect of Poly-IC treatment on cerebral I /R injury in fryperlipidemia rats. Methods Hyperlipidemia rats were randomly divided into cerebral I /R group, Poly-IC pretreatment group, Poly-IC post-treatment group and sham operation group, 20 rats in each group. Neurobehavioral performance of rats in each group was recorded according to neurobehavioral score of 0-4 points. Blood-brain barrier permeability of rats in each group was detected by Evans blue staining. TTC staining was used to observe the cerebral infarction in each group. Apoptotic cells in the cerebral cortex of rats in each group was observed by TUNEL staining. The relative expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bax were determined by Western blotting. Results Compared with the sham group, the symptoms of neurobehavioral damage in the I/R group were serious and the score increased significantly (P<0. 05). The scores of Poly-IC pretreatment and post-treatment groups were significantly lower than that of I/R group (P<0. 05). Evans blue staining result showed that the blood-brain barrier permeability of the I/R group was significantly higher than that of the sham group (P<0. 05) , and Poly-IC pretreatment or post-treatment could significantly reduce the blood-brain barrier permeability ( P < 0. 05 ) . No infarct was observed in the sham group with uniform red staining, while white infarct was observed in the brain tissue of the I/R group. Compared with the I/R group, the volume of infarct in both Poly-IC pretreatment and post-treatment groups reduced significantly (P<0. 05). The apoptosis index in cerebral cortex of rats in I/R group was significantly higher than that in sham group ( P < 0 .05 ) , while the apoptosis index in Poly-IC pretreatment or post-treatment group was significantly lower than that in I/R group(P<0. 05 ) . The result of Western blotting showed that, compared with the sham group, the expression of Bax in the I/R group was significantly increased(P<0. 05) , the expression of Bcl-2 was significantly decreased(P<0. 05). Compared with the I/R group, the expression of Bax in the Poly-IC pretreatment or post-treatment group reduced significantly ( P < 0. 05 ) , the expression of Bcl-2 increased significantly(P<0. 05). Conclusion Poly-IC pretreatment or post-treatment can improve the symptoms of neurobehavioral injury, reduce the damage of blood-brain barrier, reduce the volume of cerebral infarction, decrease the apoptosis index of nerve cells, play a neuroprotective effect on cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in rats with hyperlipidemia, and this protective effect may be related to the change of Bcl-2 and Bax expression levels.

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 903-909, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013946

ABSTRACT

Aim To identify the molecular target of gabapentin in the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia(PHN). Methods The molecular target of gabapentin for PHN was analyzed by network pharmacology and molecular docking and confirmed by coprecipitation test. Rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, model+50 mg·kg-1 gabapentin group, model+100 mg·kg-1 gabapentin group, and model+200 mg·kg-1 gabapentin group, with nine rats in each group. The pain-related behaviors of the rats were measured at different time points. The mRNA and protein expressions of CACNA2D1, Bax, and Bcl-2 in rat spinal cord were determined by immunofluorescence, Western blot, and qPCR. Results CACNA2D1 was the target gene of gabapentin that determined via network pharmacology, molecular docking, and co-precipitation tests. After modeling, mechanical pain threshold and thermal pain threshold significantly decreased, and the number of apoptotic GABA cells significantly increased. However, after intraperitoneal injection of 50, 100, and 200 mg·kg-1 gabapentin, mechanical pain threshold and thermal pain threshold significantly increased(P<0.05), and the number of apoptotic GABA cells significantly decreased(P<0.01). Immunofluorescence and Western blot results showed that compared with the model group, with the increase of gabapentin concentration, the positive expression rate of Bax significantly decreased, and the positive expression rate of Bcl-2 and CACNA2D1 significantly increased. The mRNA expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2 and CACNA2D1 detected by qPCR were consistent with the results of immunofluorescence and Western blot. Conclusions Gabapentin up-regulates the expression of target protein CACNA2D1, inhibits the proapoptotic protein Bax, and promotes the expression of apoptotic inhibitor Bcl-2.

15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 294-299, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013855

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the protective effect of trigonelline on H

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 275-286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013853

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of dichloroacetate(DCA)combined with vitamin C(VC)on the malignant behavior of glioma U87 and U251 cells, and to explore the potential mechanism. Methods U87 and U251 cells were treated with different concentrations of DCA alone or in combination with 5 mmol·L-1 VC. The proliferation rate of each group was detected by CCK-8 method and the cooperative index was calculated. U87 and U251 cells were treated with DMSO, 15 mmol·L-1 DCA, 5 mmol·L-1 VC and their combination. The changes of clonal formation, reactive oxygen species content, apoptosis, cell cycle, migration and invasion were detected via in vitro experiments, while the proliferation of U251 cells in vivo in each group was detected by subcutaneous tumor-forming model. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels and degradation rates of BCL2A1 and CDC25A in each group of cells after network pharmacological analysis of DCA and VC targets and their value in glioma, and the expression levels of CDK4, CDK6, cytochrome C, caspase-7 and cleaved-caspase-7 were detected. Results The combined index of 15 mmol·L-1 DCA and 5 mmol·L-1 VC was the highest. Compared with the control and single drug groups, the clonal formation, migration and invasion ability of cells in combination group in vitro significantly decreased, the proliferation rate in vivo also decreased, and the content of reactive oxygen species, apoptosis rate and G1 phase arrest rate significantly increased. BCL2A1 and CDC25A proteins were important targets of DCA and VC in glioma. Compared with the control and single-drug groups, the expression levels of BCL2A1, CDC25A, CDK4, and CDK6 in the combination group were significantly reduced, and the expression levels of cytochrome C and cleaved-caspase-7 markedly increased, and the protein degradation rates of BCL2A1 and CDC25A significantly increased in the combination group. Conclusions VC can cooperate with DCA to promote the degradation of BCL2A1 and CDC25A, and inhibit the malignant behavior of glioma cells.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1312-1319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013770

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the apoptosis of human hep-atoma cell line ( HepG2 ) induced by different polar parts of Arnebia euchroma ( Royle ) Johnst ( AE ) and to verify its anti-hepatoma effect by a mouse orthotopic liver cancer model so as to explore the anti-cancer effect of AE extract. Methods Firstly, MTT method and Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining method were used to detect the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of each polar part of AE on HepG2 cells, and Western blot was used to detect the expression of Bcl-2 apoptosis family proteins incells. Based on the above experimental results, the effective parts with significant pro-apoptotic effect were screened out for anti-in situ liver cancer experiments in mice, and the organ indexes, liver function indexes and tissue sections of mice with orthotopic liver cancer before and after administration were evaluated. Results With the decrease of the polarity of AE extract,the anti-proliferation and pro-apoptotic effects on HepG2 cells were enhanced, and the anti-proliferation and apoptosis-inducing effects of AE petroleum ether fraction ( AEP) were the most significant. When AEP dose was 1.56 (μg • L

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1548-1557, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013731

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the mechanism of action of Shen-Fu decoction in the prevention and treatment of cardiogenic shock based on network pharmacology and animal experiments. Methods The relevant targets and signaling pathways of cardiogenic shock of Shen-Fu decoction were predicted by network pharmacology, and a cardiogenic shock rat model was created by coronary artery ligation. Before modeling, rats were given the appropriate dose of Shen-Fu decoction or saline by gavage for 14 days according to the group, and real-time mean arterial pressure (MAP) changes were recorded after successful modeling. HE method was used to detect the myocardial histopathological changes of cardiogenic shock. TUNEL method was employed to detect rat myocardial cell apoptosis, and Western blotting was applied to determine the expression levels of rat myocardial Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3, cleaved caspase-3 proteins. Results A total of 51 potential active ingredients of Shen-Fu decoction were screened out by network pharmacology, 80 targets of co-action with cardiogenic shock, and 43 core targets of close relationship between proteins, and GO enrichment analysis revealed that the core proteins were involved in the biology process (BP), mainly involving positive regulation of apoptotic process. KEGG enrichment analysis showed signaling pathways involving atherosclerosis-related, apoptosis and other signaling pathways. The results of animal model validation showed that Shen-Fu decoction could increase the shock blood pressure of rats with cardiogenic shock and alleviate the pathological changes of myocardial tissue, reduce the degree of apoptosis of rat cardiomyocytes, reduce the expression level of caspase-3, cleaved caspase-3 and Bax protein in rat myocardial tissue, and improve the expression level of Bcl-2 protein in myocardial tissue of rats. Conclusions The potential active ingredient of Shen-Fu decoction may play a role in the prevention and control of cardiogenic shock rats by acting on the target Bax, Bcl-2 to regulate the apoptosis signaling pathway of cardiomyocytes.

19.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 81-88, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971316

ABSTRACT

Mitophagy is one of the important targets for the prevention and treatment of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI). Moderate mitophagy can remove damaged mitochondria, inhibit excessive reactive oxygen species accumulation, and protect mitochondria from damage. However, excessive enhancement of mitophagy greatly reduces adenosine triphosphate production and energy supply for cell survival, and aggravates cell death. How dysfunctional mitochondria are selectively recognized and engulfed is related to the interaction of adaptors on the mitochondrial membrane, which mainly include phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN)-induced kinase 1/Parkin, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 α/Bcl-2 and adenovirus e1b19k Da interacting protein 3, FUN-14 domain containing protein 1 receptor-mediated mitophagy pathway and so on. In this review, the authors briefly summarize the main pathways currently studied on mitophagy and the relationship between mitophagy and MIRI, and incorporate and analyze research data on prevention and treatment of MIRI with Chinese medicine, thereby provide relevant theoretical basis and treatment ideas for clinical prevention of MIRI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mitochondria/metabolism , Mitophagy/genetics , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Protein Kinases/metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 140-148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953771

ABSTRACT

@#Apoptosis is an important means to regulate cell proliferation and maintain homeostasis. Recent researches have shown that the B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) family not only plays a dominant role in the regulation of normal cell apoptosis, but also plays a crucial role in the formation of tumor genesis, progression and subsequent drug resistance mediated by the escape mode of apoptosis. The phenomenon that BCL-2 family antagonized the apoptosis induced by antitumor drugs and then acquired drug resistance has been reported in the clinical treatment of hematologic lymphatic system tumors, breast cancer, lung cancer, gastric cancer and other diseases. Thus, specific inhibitors targeting anti-apoptotic members of the BCL-2 family have emerged with the development of research. In this paper, we systematically reviewed the regulation of apoptosis mediated by BCL-2 family and the drug resistance mediated by BCL-2 family. Meanwhile, we summarized the research advances of BCL-2 family specific inhibitors to provide new strategy for solving the problems on tumor therapeutic resistance and for finding new therapeutic targets in the future.

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