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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904342


Objective To investigate hot spring bathing behavior and chronic disease prevalence of residents aged 30 to 65 in typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province. Methods Totally 3 708 individuals between 30 and 65 in five typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province were included in this study. Their hot spring bathing behavior and chronic disease prevalence were recorded. Unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the association between hot spring bathing and the incidence of chronic diseases. Results 71.3% of the residents in the hot spring areas had bathed in hot springs, with the proportion higher in males than females(χ2=92.856, P < 0.001). 76.3% of people took hot spring baths fewer than or equal to 6 times per year, 30.8% of residents often chose to take hot spring baths in the evening, and 37.6% of the residents took hot spring baths for 21-40 minutes. Bathing was more common in winter. 11.5% and 17.9% of the residents added other substances and used hot spring facilities, and most of them added traditional Chinese medicine and used the sauna. 46.6% and 41.6 % of the residents took hot spring baths to relax and relieve fatigue. The self-reported prevalence rate of chronic diseases was 522.1‰, and the top five single diseases were lumbar intervertebral disc disease(119.7‰), hypertension(118.1‰), urinary calculus(77.7‰), cervical intervertebral disc disease(53.7‰)and osteogenesis(44.5‰). Compared with those who never bathed in hot springs, taking hot spring baths 7-11 times a year was negatively correlated with chronic diseases.(OR=0.551, 95%CI: 0.345-0.879). Conclusion Hot spring bathing is popular in typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province, but its frequency is not high. The overall prevalence of chronic diseases is relatively high, and the order of most prevalent chronic diseases is different from that in other areas. Proper hot spring bathing is negatively correlated with chronic diseases.

Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1212-1216, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796760


Objective@#This article was to evaluate the applicability and feasibility of "Lingnanzhun" -an "Internet Plus-based HIV Self-testing Tool" targeting MSM in Guangzhou. Hopefully, the results could be used to improve the existing HIV testing services and to support the implementation and scale-up of HIV self-testing programs.@*Methods@#Data were collected from a survey on HIV testing preferences among the Internet-using MSM in April to June, 2015. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were applied to identify factors associated with the use of HIV self-testing service provided by Lingnanzhun. Information related to the users of Lingnanzhun during September 2014 and December 2018 was also collected.@*Results@#769 MSM were recruited as participants. Of them, age distribution was 16-77(28.6±6.8) years old, 88.3%(679/769) were unmarried, 42.2%(325/769) were registered residents of Guangzhou, 82.1%(631/769) had university or college education. Among them, 195 (25.4%) used the HIV self- testing program of Lingnanzhun while 574 (74.6%) using the clinic service. Compared with the clinic service users, the Lingnanzhun users showed the following characteristics: longer experience in the MSM community ≥10 years (32.8% vs. 20.9%, 64/195 vs. 120/574); having male casual sexual partners ≥2 (42.1% vs. 29.6%, 82/195 vs. 170/574); having group sex (6.2% vs. 2.6%, 12/195 vs. 15/574) and having commercial sex with men (13.8% vs. 3.0%, 27/195 vs. 17/574). Data from the Lingnanzhun users showed that a total of 3 000 users had practised 5 038 times of self HIV-testings. 11.4% (343/3 000) of the Lingnanzhun users had never been tested.@*Conclusions@#It was applicable and feasible to provide Internet-based HIV self-testing service to MSM as a significant complement to the traditional facility-based HIV testing services. It was also useful in accessing those who were having higher risk or had never received HIV testing so as to increase the testing uptake and the frequency.

China Pharmacy ; (12): 135-137, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704537


OBJECTIVE:To reduce children's mistaking medicine and improve the safety of drug use in children.METHODS:Case number of children's mistaking medicine,the number of poisoning,age distribution and types of mistaken medicine in hospital information system of Beijing Children's Hospital of Capital Medical University during 2014-2016 were counted to analyze data characteristics and put forward relevant preventive strategies.RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:In 3 years,there were 644 cases of children's mistaking medicine,accounting for 30% of total number of children poisoning (2 100 cases).A high-risk group concentrated in the 1-4 years old children.The types of mistaking medicine were mostly antihypertensive drugs,antipyretic and analgesic drugs,sedative drugs and antiepileptic drugs.Top 3 medicines were clonazepam (29 cases),ibuprofen (28 cases),aeetaminophen and its compound (12 cases).The main causes of mistaking medicine are mainly associated with hyperactivity,curiosity,imitation and other behavioral characteristics,high availability of drug storage,etc.Types of mistaken medicine are commonly used drugs for the elderly in the family and antipyretic analgesics commonly used in children.It is suggested to prevent the occurrence of children's mistaking medicine from aspects of child nursing person,government and medical institutions by reducing the children accessibility of drugs stored at home,designing drug package difficult to open for children,improving medication compliance of child nursing person,etc.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789452


[Objective]To ascertain characteristics of sexual partner network and high-risk sex behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) , providing references for intervention of high risk behavior in MSM. [Methods] Face-to-face questionnaire interview was conducted among MSM recruited by voluntary counseling and testing clinics, peer mobilization, internet mobilization, outreach intervention, and so on.Descriptive statistics, χ2test, logistic regression analysis were applied for statistical analysis. [Results]A total of 334 MSM was investigated. Over the past 6 months, proportion of female partners, fixed male partners, multiple male partners, occasional and business male partners was 37.13%, 43.11%, 52.69%, 56.29%, and 4.19% respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that respondents who were married, less educated, non-Shanghai domicile, and non-homosexual had more female partners in proportion, those with high income and homosexuality had more fixed male partners in proportion, and those who were married, non-Shanghai domicile had more multiple or occasional male partners in proportion. In the past 6 months, MSM who had unprotected sexual behaviors with female partners, fixed male partners, multiple or occasional male partners accounted for 75.21%, 65.97%, 59.66%, and 48.40%respectively. And analysis showed that respondents had more high-risk sexual behaviors with multiple male partners with their age increasing. [Conclusion] Sexual partner network of MSM is complex. MSM has a variety of sexual partners. Multiple sexual partners and unprotected sexual behaviors exist extensively among MSM. Related factor of sexual behaviors with multiple sexual partners is age.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610300


Objective To compare the differences in behavior characteristics among SHR, WKY and SD rat models of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and explore an ideal control model of SHR rats.Methods Using open field test to analyze the rat movement distance, speed, wearing numbers and the number of grooming to evaluate the spontaneous movement in SHR, WKY and SD rats.Using the Morris water maze to test the learning and memory ability among the three rat groups.Results The result of open field test showed that the SHR rats had significantly increased (P< 0.01) total amount of exercise, average speed and wearing numbers than WKY and SD rats.Compared with the WKY rats, SD rats had a significantly higher movement distance (P< 0.01), slightly higher movement speed and wearing number (P< 0.05).In the Morris water maze hidden platform period test, the SD rats had a significantly longer latency than the SHR rats (P< 0.05).SD rats showed longer latency distance on the first, third and fourth days of training, as compared with the SHR rats (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01).Compared with the WKY group, SD rats showed a shorter latency distance in each training time (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01).In the probe trial period, the SD rats showed shorter time and distance ratio to the target quadrant than SHR rats (P< 0.05), while significantly longer than the WKY rats (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01).Conclusions There are significant behavioral differences between SHR and WKY rats, showing certain disadvantages in comparison of the two types of rats.To add SD rats as a control group for SHR rats can improve the comparability of behavior characteristics of SHR rats, and to get more objective evaluation of the behavior characteristics of SHR rats.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429022


Within the KABP model as a framework,the authors studied these behaviors at the following three levels,namely knowledge and learning,beliefs and attitude,and behavior.Such aspects as the education background and training,drug expertise,drug infonmation sources,personal experience and habits,attitudes,needs of physicians and patients',socio-demographic characteristics were discussed among others to probe into how physicians' personal behavior affects their prescription behavior.Recommendations raised include education and training,provision of correct drug information,greater publicity,better compensation mechanism of public hospitals,strengthened supervision,establishment of the system of prescription audit,etc.