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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250931, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360206

ABSTRACT

Abstract The red gum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore, 1964 (Hemiptera: Aphalaridae), an insect pest originating in Australia and which feeds only on Eucalyptus L'Hér. (Myrtales: Myrtaceae) plants, has spread to several countries. The populations of this insect commonly reach high populations on Eucalyptus plants since its entry into Brazil, and also indicated an unrecorded behavioral. The objectives of this study were to describe a peculiar adaptation in the feeding habit of G. brimblecombei and to register the new habit. The oviposition and feeding by G. brimblecombei, commonly, on the leaves of Eucalyptus, started to occur, also, on lignified twigs. This suggests a not yet recorded adaptation of this insect to reduce insect × plant intraspecific competition.


Resumo O psilídeo de concha, Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore, 1964 (Hemiptera: Aphalaridae), um inseto praga originário da Austrália e que se alimenta apenas de plantas de Eucalyptus L'Hér. (Myrtales: Myrtaceae), se espalhou por vários países. Esse inseto, geralmente, atinge grandes populações em plantas de Eucalyptus desde sua entrada no Brasil e, também, indicou um comportamento diferente. Os objetivos deste estudo foram descrever uma adaptação peculiar no hábito alimentar de G. brimblecombei e registrar o novo hábito. A oviposição e alimentação por G. brimblecombei, geralmente, nas folhas de Eucalyptus, passaram a ocorrer, também, em ramos lignificados. Isso sugere uma adaptação diferente desse inseto para reduzir a competição intraespecífica inseto × planta.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254628, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364516

ABSTRACT

Abstract Insects' ethology is an important factor when it is desired to carry out pest management. This knowledge makes it possible to manipulate behavioral activities, repel, or attract insects according to needs and interests. The maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais (Mots., 1855) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), one of the main stored grain pests, has been the target of studies of behavioral changes studies through natural substances due to its resistance to different insecticidal classes. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of sublethal concentrations of neem extract and copaiba oil on the locomotor behavior of S. zeamais. The behavioral characteristic considered were walking activity, the frequency of contact of insects with the treated grain mass, and the time spent for this behavior. The walking activity of the S. zeamais increased with exposure to Neem extract and Copaiba oil. In general, the Neem extract and Copaiba oil-induced more contact with grain mass than the control, suggesting an attractive effect on the insect, however more significant for the Neem oil. The insect's behavior was altered, presenting a specific path due to Copaiba oil and Neem extract stimuli. These results indicate that Copaiba oil and Neem extract can be a potential alternative for controlling S. zeamais on stored products since changes in this pests' behavior can reduce qualitative and quantitative grain damage. Thus, the development of products based on Copaiba oil and Neem extract may be helpful for storage pest management.


Resumo A etologia dos insetos é um fator importante quando se deseja relizar manejo de pragas. Através deste conhecimento, é possível manipular atividades comportamentais, repelir, ou atrair os insetos de acordo com as necessidades e interesses. O gorgulho do milho Sitophilus zeamais (Mots., 1855) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), uma das principais pragas de grãos armazenados tem sido alvo de estudos de alterações comportamentais através de substâncias naturais devido à sua resistência a diferentes classes de insecticidas. Assim, este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito de concentrações subletais de extrato de neem e do óleo de copaíba sobre o comportamento de movimentação de S. zeamais. As características comportamentais consideradas foram: a atividade de caminhamento, a frequência do contato dos insetos com a massa de grãos tratada, e o tempo gasto para realização destes comportamentos. A atividade de caminhamento do S. zeamais aumentou quando os insetos foram expostos ao extrato de Neem e ao óleo de copaíba. Em geral, o extrato de Neem e o óleo de Copaíba induziram mais contato com a massa de grãos do que o controle, sugerindo um efeito atrativo sobre o inseto, contudo este efeito foi mais significativo para o óleo de Neem. O comportamento do inseto foi alterado, apresentando um caminhamento específico devido aos estímulos do óleo de copaíba e do extrato de Neem. Estes resultados indicam que o óleo de copaíba e o extrato de Neem podem ser alternativas potenciais para o controle do S. zeamais em produtos armazenados, uma vez que alterações no comportamento desta praga podem reduzir os danos qualitativos e quantitativos nos grãos. Assim, o desenvolvimento de produtos baseados no óleo de copaíba e no extrato de Neem pode ser útil para o manejo de pragas de armazenamento.

3.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e249169, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345546

ABSTRACT

Abstract The American Barn Owl (Tyto furcata) lives in urban, periurban and wild environments and feeds mainly on small rodents, meaning it has great importance in the biological control of pests. The aim of this work was to describe the reproductive, parental and eating habits of a pair of American barn owls naturally living outside a residence in the urban area of the municipality of Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. A wood box was installed on an outside wall of the home, monitored by a video camera. A spreadsheet was created to keep track of the observations recorded. The female laid four eggs, and after an incubation period of 30-32 days all the eggs hatched, but only two chicks survived after cannibalism among the chicks. Initially, the male provided the food to the chicks and the female remained in the nest caring for the brood. After approximately a month, the female also began to leave the nest and return with prey, which was offered to the chicks, with the male also continuing this behavior. The chicks left the nest in September, 2017. The data obtained show the existence of cooperation and division of tasks between male and female owls during the reproductive period.


Resumo A coruja-das-torres americana (Tyto furcata) vive em ambientes urbanos e se alimenta principalmente de pequenos roedores, sendo de grande importância no controle biológico de pragas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever os hábitos alimentares, parentais e reprodutivos de um casal de corujas-das-torres americanas, naturalmente vivendo fora de uma residência na zona urbana do município de Campos dos Goytacazes, estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Uma caixa de madeira foi instalada em uma parede externa da casa, monitorada por uma câmera de vídeo. Uma planilha foi criada para manter o controle das observações registradas. A fêmea pôs quatro ovos, e após período de incubação de 30-32 dias todos os ovos eclodiram, mas apenas dois filhotes sobreviveram após o canibalismo entre os filhotes. Inicialmente, o macho fornecia a comida aos filhotes e a fêmea permanecia no ninho cuidando da ninhada. Depois de cerca de um mês, a fêmea também começou a sair do ninho e voltar com a presa, que era oferecida aos filhotes, com o macho também continuando com esse comportamento. Os filhotes deixaram o ninho em setembro de 2017. Os dados obtidos mostram a existência de cooperação e divisão de tarefas entre corujas machos e fêmeas durante o período reprodutivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Strigiformes , Reproduction , Brazil , Feeding Behavior
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225272, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354777

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the pre-clinical and clinical students` perceptions about the non-pharmacological behaviour management techniques in paediatric dentistry and to investigate the influence of the dental curriculum on the students` knowledge regarding this issue. Methods: A total of 283 students from the IV-and X-semester completed a questionnaire, consisted of 12 statements, describing the nonpharmacological behaviour management techniques for the treatment of paediatric dental patients. The acceptability rate was evaluated with a Likert scale ranging from 1 to 5. Results: The students from all courses demonstrated high acceptance for Reinforcement and Desensitization techniques and low for the Negative reinforcement and Physical restraint. The comparison between the perceptions of the pre-clinical and clinical students demonstrated a statistically significant increase in the acceptance of the physical restraint, along with Nonverbal communication, Modelling and Parental presence/absence (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results provide information about the students' knowledge and skills in behaviour management techniques together with some insights about how the educational process can modify the students` perceptions and views in dealing with paediatric dental patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Behavior , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pediatric Dentistry , Methods
5.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 25(1): 183-202, ene.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364264

ABSTRACT

Resumen El daño ambiental que se ha venido provocando a causa de la actividad humana es preocupante, razón por la cual se ha identificado como una de las posibles soluciones tener un comportamiento proambiental. Sin embargo, se ha visto que hay barreras psicológicas que impiden o dificultan esta conducta. Por este motivo, con el fin de tener un instrumento que permita evaluar estas barreras psicológicas en nuestro contexto, el objetivo de la presente investigación fue realizar la adaptación de la escala Dragons of Inaction Psychological Barriers (DIPB) en población colombiana. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 810 estudiantes universitarios de Bogotá y Chía, Colombia; 367 hombres y 443 mujeres con edades entre los 15 y los 48 años (M = 19.67, DE = 2.414). En general, se realizó un análisis factorial exploratorio y un análisis factorial confirmatorio, con los cuales se comprobó la existencia de una estructura de cinco factores con 20 ítems; se realizaron análisis de reactivos y fiabilidad que demostraron que el instrumento tiene una alta consistencia interna; y se llevaron a cabo dos estudios de invarianza, con los que se demostró que la estructura factorial es invariante para todos los grupos de estudio. Además, se realizó la baremación del instrumento total. En conclusión, esta adaptación del DIPB presenta adecuada validez y fiabilidad, y permite guiar futuras investigaciones acerca de las barreras de inacción en el contexto latinoamericano, a la vez que aporta un insumo para realizar un primer diagnóstico de este constructo en Colombia.


Abstract The environmental damage that has been generated by human activity is a cause for concern, so pro-environmental behavior has been identified as one of the possible solutions. However, it has been seen that there are psychological barriers that prevent or hinder this behavior. For this reason, in order to have an instrument to evaluate these psychological barriers in our context, the objective of this research was to adapt the Dragons of Inaction Psychological Barriers (DIPB) scale to the Colombian population. The sample was made up of 810 university students from Bogotá and Chía, Colombia; 367 males and 443 females between 15 and 48 years of age (M = 19.67, SD = 2.414). In general, an exploratory factor analysis and a confirmatory factor analysis were carried out, which demonstrated the existence of a five-factor structure with 20 items. Item and reliability analyses were performed, which demonstrated that the instrument has a high internal consistency; and two invariance studies were carried out, which showed that the factor structure is invariant for all study groups. In addition, the total instrument was scored. In conclusion, this adaptation of the DIPB presents adequate validity and reliability, and allows guiding future research on inaction barriers in the Latin American context, while providing an input for a first diagnosis of this construct in Colombia.

6.
Psicol. pesq ; 16(1): 1-22, jan.-abr. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356626

ABSTRACT

El presente estudio teórico objetiva sistematizar los aspectos más importantes del modelo Trait-Desires-Intentions-Behaviors (T-D-I-B) de Warren Miller que explica las decisiones reproductivas. Organizamos la información en base a cuatro ejes temáticos: 1) Elementos biográficos de Warren Miller y sus primeras producciones científicas sobre el comportamiento reproductivo; 2) Descripción del modelo T-D-I-B; 3) Definición del modelo diádico donde las estructuras motivacionales de dos socios interactúan a medida que se desarrolla la secuencia de cuatro pasos de cada individuo y; 4) Exposición de la evidencia empírica del modelo T-D-I-B y estudios actuales realizados en Irán, Polonia, Brasil y Perú.


The present theoretical study aims to systematize the most important aspects of Warren Miller's Trait-Desires-Intentions-Behaviors (T-D-I-B) model that explains reproductive decisions. We organize the information based on four thematic axes: 1) Biographical elements of Warren Miller and his first scientific productions on reproductive behavior; 2) Description of the T-D-I-B model; 3) Definition of the dyadic model where the motivational structures of two partners interact as each individual's four-step sequence develops and 4) Exposure of the empirical evidence of the T-D-I-B model and current studies carried out in Iran, Poland, Brazil and Peru.


O presente estudo teórico visa sistematizar os aspectos mais importantes do modelo Traço-Desejo-Intenções-Comportamentos (T-D-I-B) de Warren Miller, que explica as decisões reprodutivas. Organizamos as informações com base em quatro eixos temáticos: 1) Elementos biográficos de Warren Miller e suas primeiras produções científicas sobre comportamento reprodutivo; 2) Descrição do modelo T-D-I-B; 3) Definição do modelo diádico em que as estruturas motivacionais de dois parceiros interagem conforme a sequência de quatro etapas de cada indivíduo se desenvolve; 4) Exposição da evidência empírica do modelo T-D-I-B e estudos atuais realizados no Irã, Polônia, Brasil e Peru.

7.
Rev. Bras. Psicoter. (Online) ; 24(1): 107-123, jan-abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1371670

ABSTRACT

Os fatores associados ao suicídio são múltiplos e multifacetados e o tornam a consequência final de todo um processo. Neste trabalho, foi conduzida, a partir de duas bases de dados - Biblioteca Virtual da Saúde e PubMed -, uma revisão de estudos para identificar fatores associados à repetição de tentativas de suicídio entre os anos 2000 e 2020. Foram extraídas informações referentes à data de publicação, população, local, meios de coleta utilizados e fatores associados. Os dados foram posteriormente organizados em categorias de análise. No total, 23 estudos foram selecionados e revisados. Houve maior correspondência para repetição em pessoas que já haviam tentado suicídio. Transtorno mental e o uso abusivo de substâncias apareceram como segundo fator mais associado. Os resultados apontam a tentativa de suicídio como a variável mais associada a novas tentativas e a suicídios. Conclui-se, com base nos achados, que ações preventivas podem ter maior impacto se iniciadas antes da apresentação da primeira tentativa de suicídio.(AU)


The factors associated with suicide are multiple, multifaceted, and make it the ultimate consequence of an entire process. In this paper, a systematic review of studies was conducted on two data basis -Virtual Health Library and PubMed - with a view to identify factors associated with the repetition of suicide attempts between the years 2000 and 2020. Information regarding date of publication, population, place and means of collection used and associated factors were extracted. The data were later organized into categories of analysis. In total, 23 studies were selected and reviewed. There was greater correspondence for repetition in people who had already attempted suicide. Mental disorder and substance abuse appeared as the second most associated factor. The results indicate the suicide attempt as the variable most associated with new attempts and suicides. It is concluded, based on the findings, that preventive actions can have a greater impact if initiated before the presentation of the first suicide attempt.(AU)


Los factores asociados al suicidio son múltiples, multifacéticos y lo convierte en la consecuencia última de todo un proceso. En este articulo se realizó, en las bases de datos de la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud y PubMed, una revisión de estudios para identificar factores asociados a la repetición de intentos de suicidio entre los años 2000 y 2020. Se extrajo información sobre fecha de publicación, población, lugar, medio de recolección utilizado y factores asociados. Posteriormente, los datos se organizaron en categorías de análisis. En total, se seleccionaron y revisaron 23 estudios. Hubo mayor correspondencia por repetición en personas que ya habían intentado suicidarse. El trastorno mental y el abuso de sustancias aparecieron como el segundo factor más asociado. Los resultados indican el intento de suicidio como la variable más asociada a nuevos intentos y suicidios. Se concluye, con base en los hallazgos, que las acciones preventivas pueden tener un mayor impacto si se inician antes de la presentación del primer intento de suicidio.(AU)


Subject(s)
Recurrence , Suicide, Attempted
8.
ABCS health sci ; 47: [1-6], 06 abr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372687

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Transmission of COVID-19 occurs from person to person through respiratory droplets and aerosol, through contact and direct transmission, through kissing, handshaking, etc. In this perspective, several countries have implemented actions and strategies to reduce the risks of transmission. Because of this, there are several widespread reflexes and concerns resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. One change in behavior that can be affected due to the social distance that occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic is sexual activity. Objective: To analyze the factors associated with the sexual intercourse of Brazilian men during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: 518 men over 18 years of age responded to the online survey that included sociodemographic, clinical, behavioral, and anthropometric characteristics and the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF). The sample was divided into two groups according to the practice of sexual intercourse during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: Through multivariate regression analysis, being satisfied or equally dissatisfied/satisfied with sex life and being in a stable relationship were the factors associated with the sexual intercourse of Brazilian men during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, not drinking alcohol was a protective factor for sexual intercourse in this sample. Conclusion: In our study, being satisfied or equally dissatisfied/satisfied with the overall sex life and having a stable relationship were associated with intercourse during a COVID-19 pandemic. On the other hand, not drinking alcohol was considered a protective factor.

9.
ABCS health sci ; 47: [1-7], 06 abr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372693

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Qualified nursing services can be manifested through the provision of nursing care based on nurses´ caring behavior. Therefore, a nurse's caring behavior can affect patient satisfaction which can contribute to a nurse's attitudes, and the specific baseline is emotional intelligence. As one of the clinical indicators for nursing care quality, it is associated directly with patient's satisfaction towards nurses´ caring behavior, because it is conceptualized and measurable. Objective: To identify the association of nurses' emotional intelligence and their caring behavior throughout nursing practice hospitalization in Ambun Suri ward Dr. Achmad Mochtar Hospital, Bukittinggi, Indonesia. Methods: This is descriptive-analytic research with a cross-sectional approach involving 69 nurses. The instruments for this study were self-report questionnaires of professional caring behavior items. Data were categorized to specific criteria and measured with descriptive statistics. Results: The statistical analysis revealed 44.9% of nurses had a deficient caring attitude while high emotional intelligence reached out of 53.7% during nurses' caring behavior. A significant emotional intelligence association with caring behavior was found (p=0.001). Conclusion: The study findings may be recommended to the hospital ward headship throughout the functions of direction and supervision strive for nurses´ emotional intelligence development, including of nurses' touching and listening abilities, explaining and talking intonation, technical and expression amongst therapeutic processes, environmental management, and family involvement. Those should be improved from various nurses' emotional intelligence educational workshops and training for decent caring behavior enhancement.

11.
J. bras. nefrol ; 44(1): 58-67, Jan-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365038

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Treatment of nephrotic syndrome with corticosteroid can cause several side- effects including behavioral abnormalities. The objectives of the study were to observe the proportion of non-relapsers having persistence of behavioral abnormalities after completion of treatment of initial episode and compare the abnormalities with relapsers, and to determine risk factors for persistence. Methods: Seventy-five children with a first episode of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome and 60 normal children were rated by parents for behavioral problems using the Child Behavior Checklist. The Parenting Stress Index was also evaluated. The children were rated before treatment and 12 and 36 weeks after. Results: Both relapsers and non-relapsers showed abnormalities in internalizing and externalizing domains at 12 weeks of steroid therapy. Non-relapsers had abnormal scores in the internalizing domain in 63.5 % and externalizing domain in 48.1% of cases at 36 weeks. Relapsers had abnormal scores in all the three behavior domains, but a significantly higher proportion of relapsers had abnormal scores regarding total behavior (65.2% vs 28.8%, p<0.01) and child domains (100% vs 57.7%, p<0.001) of Parenting Stress Index in comparison to non-relapsers at 36 weeks. Occurrence of relapse increased the risk (odds ratio 5.76, 95% CI 1.35-10.76, p< 0.001) for persistence of abnormal total behavior at 36 weeks follow-up. Conclusion: Persistence of abnormalities was observed not only in relapsers but also in non-relapsers. Relapse was found to be a significant risk factor for persistence of abnormal behaviors in these patients.


Resumo Introdução: O tratamento da síndrome nefrótica com corticosteroide pode causar vários efeitos colaterais, incluindo anormalidades comportamentais. Os objetivos do estudo foram observar a proporção de não-recidivos com persistência de anormalidades comportamentais após conclusão do tratamento do episódio inicial, comparar as anormalidades com os recidivos, e determinar fatores de risco para persistência. Métodos: 75 crianças com primeiro episódio de síndrome nefrótica idiopática e 60 crianças normais foram avaliadas pelos pais por problemas comportamentais usando o Checklist de Comportamento Infantil. O Índice de Estresse Parental também foi avaliado. As crianças foram avaliadas antes do tratamento, 12 e 36 semanas após. Resultados: Tanto recidivos quanto não recidivos mostraram anormalidades nos domínios de internalização e externalização às 12 semanas de terapia com esteroides. Não-recidivos apresentaram pontuações anormais no domínio de internalização em 63,5%, e no domínio de externalização, em 48,1% dos casos em 36 semanas. Recidivos tiveram pontuações anormais em todos os três domínios de comportamento, mas uma proporção significativamente maior de recidivos apresentou pontuações anormais em relação ao comportamento total (65,2% vs 28,8%, p<0,01) e domínios infantis (100% vs 57,7%, p<0,001) do Índice de Estresse Parental em comparação com não recidivos às 36 semanas. A ocorrência de recidiva aumentou o risco (odds ratio 5,76, 95% IC 1,35-10,76, p< 0,001) de persistência de comportamento total anormal em 36 semanas de acompanhamento. Conclusão: A persistência de anormalidades foi observada não apenas em recidivos, mas também em não recidivos. A recidiva foi um fator de risco significativo para a persistência de comportamentos anormais nesses pacientes.

12.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(1): 233-244, 01/03/2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1371191

ABSTRACT

Objective. Describe the effect the teach back method on promoting the health literacy of health ambassadors in Urmia County in 2020. Methods. In the present quasi-experiment, 200 persons over 14 years old participated. They were divided into two research groups, a control (n=100) and an intervention (n=100). The sampling method was simple randomization and the data collection instrument was a questionnaire comprised of demographic information and health literacy (HELIA). The educational intervention took 4 sessions each 45 minutes in length following the teach back method. The questionnaire-based data were collected once before the intervention and once again three months after the intervention. Results. The present findings showed that 54% of the control group and 50% of the intervention group had a good or very good level of health literacy before the intervention(p>0.05). However, after the intervention, 52% of the control and 78% of the intervention group had a good or very good level of health literacy. The present findings revealed that the mean scores of health literacy dimensions (access to information, reading, understanding, appraisal, decision-making) and the overall health literacy score were significantly higher in the intervention group than the control (after the intervention). Wilcoxon's test results showed that the mean difference of the overall health literacy scores and the dimensions before and after the intervention were statistically significant (p<0.001). Conclusion. In the light of the present findings, we can conclude that participatory methods and the teach back method can improve health literacy, acquire reliable information and adopt healthy behaviors.


Objetivo. Describir el efecto del método teach-back en la promoción de la alfabetización en salud de los embajadores de la salud en el condado de Urmia, Irán en 2020. Métodos. En el presente estudio cuasiexperimental participaron 200 personas mayores de 14 años. Mediante muestreo de aleatorización simple se asignaron los grupos de investigación: de control (n=100) y de intervención (n=100). Se empleó un instrumento para la recogida de datos que contenía información demográfica y el instrumento Health Literacy for Iranian Adults -HELIA-. La intervención educativa consistió en 4 sesiones de 45 minutos, siguiendo el método teach- back. Los datos basados en el cuestionario se recogieron antes de la intervención y tres meses después de la misma. Resultados. Los hallazgos mostraron que el 54% del grupo de control y el 50% del grupo de intervención tenían un nivel bueno o muy bueno de conocimientos sobre alfabetización en salud antes de la intervención (p>0.05). Sin embargo, después de la intervención, el 52% del grupo de control y el 78% del grupo de intervención tenían un nivel bueno o muy bueno de conocimientos sanitarios. Los presentes resultados revelaron que las puntuaciones medias de las dimensiones de la alfabetización en salud acceso a la información, lectura, comprensión, valoración, toma de decisiones y de la puntuación global fueron significativamente mayores en el grupo de intervención que en el de control a los 3 meses después de la intervención. Finalmente, los resultados de la prueba de Wilcoxon mostraron que la diferencia media de las puntuaciones de la alfabetización en salud y de las dimensiones antes y después de la intervención eran estadísticamente significativas (p<0.001). Conclusión. A la luz de los resultados, se pudo concluir que la aplicación del método teach-back puede mejorar los conocimientos sobre la alfabetización en salud, además de ayudar a adquirir información fiable y a adoptar comportamientos saludables.


Objetivo. Descrever o efeito do método teach-back na promoção da alfabetização em saúde dos embaixadores da saúde no condado de Urmia, Irã em 2020. Métodos. No presente estudo quase-experimental participaram 200 pessoas maiores de 14 anos. Mediante amostragem de aleatória simples foram designados aos grupos de investigação: de controle (n=100) e de intervenção (n=100). Se empregou um instrumento para o recolhimento de dados que continha informação demográfica e o instrumento Health Literacy for Iranian Adults -HELIA-. A intervenção educativa consistiu em 4 sessões de 45 minutos, seguindo o método teach- back. Os dados baseados no questionário se recolheram antes da intervenção e três meses depois dela. Resultados. As descobertas mostraram que 54% do grupo de controle e 50% do grupo de intervenção tinham um nível bom ou muito bom de conhecimentos sobre alfabetização em saúde antes da intervenção (p>0.05). Porém, depois da intervenção, 52% do grupo de controle e 78% do grupo de intervenção tinham um nível bom ou muito bom de conhecimentos sanitários. Os presentes resultados revelaram que as pontuações médias das dimensões da alfabetização em saúde acesso à informação, leitura, compreensão, valoração, toma de decisões e da pontuação global foram significativamente maiores no grupo de intervenção que no de controle aos 3 meses depois da intervenção. Finalmente, os resultados da prova de Wilcoxon mostraram que a diferença média das pontuações da alfabetização em saúde e das dimensões antes e depois da intervenção eram estatisticamente significativas (p<0.001). Conclusão. À luz dos resultados, se pôde concluir que a aplicação do método teach-back pode melhorar os conhecimentos sobre a alfabetização em saúde, além de ajudar a adquirir informação confiável e a adotar comportamentos saudáveis.


Subject(s)
Health Behavior , Access to Information , Health Literacy , Teach-Back Communication , Iran
13.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e181942, fev. 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363107

ABSTRACT

The project is based on a test of a thoracic vibration vest prototype, adapted to equines by the Expector® vest's company, on healthy animals. Ten (10) equines were used in the project, male or female, adults, healthy, belonging to FMVZ-USP or private owners. Each animal went through two phases: A and B. Phase A consisted of the placement of the vest without turning on the vibrators, evaluating the animal's acceptability, facility, adaptation to the animal's body, and discomfort due to the vest's use. Phase B included the placement of the vest and turning on the vibrators, evaluating the animal's acceptability, reaction to the vibrators, and, if present, to which velocity/type of vibration, and the presence of adverse effects. Both phases were done three times on separate days. The behavioral parameters: "placement facility" and "adaptation to the animal's body" were observed. In phase B, the response to the vibration was classified from 0 to 5. The answer was evaluated on low and high intensities for the four vibration types. The heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) were also evaluated at the beginning and end of each repetition. The animals' HR was kept on normal, except for one animal on one day of the test. Concerning the RR, most animals presented moments of tachypnea. On the experiment's first day, 100% of grade Great to "facility of placement" and "adaptation to the animal's body" was obtained, but on days 2 and 3 this value dropped to 90% due to alterations in one animal's responses. Regarding vibration's responses, 77.3% were evaluated as no discomfort (grade 0), 17.1% little discomfort (grade 1), 3.3% medium discomfort (grade 2), 0.4% great discomfort (grade 3), 0.21% extreme discomfort (grade 4), and 1.6% non-acceptance of the vest (grade 5). Some possible changes on the prototype were also verified to be suggested to the manufacturer, such as the change of the buckle and the use of wireless control. Vest use appears promising for equine respiratory physiotherapy, considering the acceptability was good, and its efficiency on the expectoration of diseased animals must be tested.


O projeto consistiu no teste de um protótipo de colete de vibração torácica, adaptado aos equinos pela empresa do colete Expector®, em animais saudáveis. Foram utilizados 10 equinos, machos ou fêmeas, adultos, saudáveis, pertencentes à FMVZ-USP e a proprietários particulares. Cada animal passou por duas fases: A e B. A Fase A consistiu na colocação do colete sem ligar os vibradores, avaliando-se a aceitabilidade do animal; facilidade; adaptação ao corpo do animal e incômodo do mesmo à sua presença. Já a Fase B contava com a colocação do colete e funcionamento dos vibradores, avaliando-se a aceitabilidade do animal; reação aos vibradores e, se presente, a qual velocidade/tipo de vibração; presença de reações ou efeitos adversos. As duas fases foram realizadas em triplicata em dias separados. Foram observados os parâmetros comportamentais "facilidade de colocação" e "adaptação ao corpo do animal". Na fase B, a resposta à vibração foi classificada de 0 a 5. A resposta foi avaliada nas intensidades baixa e alta para os quatro diferentes tipos de vibração. Foram avaliadas também as frequências cardíaca (FC) e respiratória (FR) no início e final de cada repetição. A FC dos animais se manteve dentro do intervalo de normalidade, com exceção de um animal em um dia de avaliação. Em relação à FR, a maioria apresentou momentos de taquipneia. No primeiro dia de experimento obteve-se 100% de avaliação Ótima para "facilidade de colocação" e "adaptação ao corpo do animal", mas nos dias 2 e 3 esse valor caiu para 90% devido à alteração na resposta de um animal. Em relação à resposta à vibração, 77,3% das respostas foram avaliadas como nenhum incômodo (nota 0), 17,1% pouco incômodo (nota 1), 3,3% médio incômodo (nota 2), 0,4% muito incômodo (nota 3), 0,21% incômodo extremo (nota 4) e 1,6% não aceitação do colete (nota 5). Foram também verificadas algumas possíveis mudanças no protótipo a serem sugeridas ao fabricante, como mudança do tipo de fivela e uso de controle sem fio. A utilização do colete parece ser muito promissora para a fisioterapia respiratória em equinos, visto que a aceitabilidade foi muito boa, devendo-se agora realizar a avaliação de sua eficácia na expectoração de animais enfermos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Adaptation, Physiological , Physical Therapy Modalities/veterinary , Equipment Design , Respiratory Rate/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology , Horses/physiology
14.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 33-41, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357459

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Dengue is considered to be the most important arbovirus worldwide, with important complications that increase its lethality. In Brazil, an endemic country, the disease reaches significant incidence levels, with occurrences of serious cases and high costs of hospitalizations for its treatment. OBJECTIVE: To analyze risk factors among individuals with recent histories of dengue infection in a medium-sized city in Mato Grosso. DESIGN AND SETTING: Descriptive cross-sectional study, of epidemiological-survey type, conducted among the urban population of a city located in mid-northern Mato Grosso. METHODS: A seroepidemiological survey using questionnaires and collection of biological material was conducted among 596 adults aged ≥ 18 years who had been selected through a cluster sampling process. Positive dengue cases were those with positive results from anti-dengue immunoassays (ELISA). Statistical analyses with descriptive and inferential techniques were used, with 95% confidence intervals and a 5% significance level. RESULTS: The seroepidemiological profile of the study participants was predominantly female, with ages between 18 and 39 years, self-declared non-white race/color, not more than eight years of education and not living with a companion. Among the sanitary factors analyzed, the following were risk factors for dengue virus infection: no running water at home; no water supply from the public piped network; no waste from drains or toilets sent to the sewage network; endemic disease combat agents visiting the home; and presence of mosquito breeding sites at home. CONCLUSION: Low schooling levels and previous dengue virus infection were associated with current dengue virus infection.

15.
Rev. cient. (Guatem.) ; 30(2)20220211.
Article in Spanish, English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357655

ABSTRACT

Por varias décadas en el país, se han utilizado las Guías Alimentarias para Guatemala, en diferentes programas de salud, educación o seguridad alimentaria nutricional con el fin de orientar una alimentación saludable a la población logrando incidir con cierto éxito y eficacia; sin embargo, existen algunas limitaciones de comprensión y aplicación. En el contexto y objetivos de este recurso educativo, se consideró elaborar un modelo del Plato Nutricional para la población guatemalteca como una herramienta que permita orientar el consumo de una alimentación balanceada en las diferentes comidas del día e impactar en cambios de comportamiento positivos en la alimentación de las poblaciones más vulnerables del país. Se revisó literatura sobre el diseño de materiales, normativas de educación y situación de los problemas alimentario-nutricionales de la población guatemalteca, se diseñó el modelo y un panel de 12 expertos valoró los criterios de aceptación, comprensión e inducción a la acción. Sobre el ícono o gráfico del plato nutricional, se calificaron aspectos de percepción sobre la alimentación balanceada y la proporcionalidad de los grupos de alimentos a comer en forma diaria en los distintos tiempos de comida. Entre los principales resultados están que el modelo del Plato Nutricional promueve una alimentación saludable, los 12 expertos (100.0% de los participantes en la validación técnica) refirieron que la metodología es de utilidad, y 10 (83.3%) indicaron que todos los materiales cumplieron con los criterios de atracción, comprensión, congruencia, aceptación e inducción a la acción. El modelo del plato considerado como un gráfico simple pero óptimo para orientar la alimentación adecuada para los guatemaltecos, es una herramienta educativa complementaria a las Guías Alimentarias para Guatemala.


For several decades, the Dietary Guidelines for Guatemala have been used in different health, education, or nutritional food security programs in order to guide the population to a healthy diet, managing to influence with certain success and effectiveness. However, there are some understanding and application limitations. In the context and objectives of this educational resource, the development of a model of the Nutritional Plate was considered for the Guatemalan population, as a tool that allows guiding the consumption of a balanced diet in the different meals of the day, and promoting positive changes in eating behavior in the most vulnerable populations of the country. Literature on the design of materials, educational regulations, and the situation of food-nutritional problems of the Guatemalan population were reviewed, the model was designed, and a panel of 12 experts assessed the criteria for acceptance, understanding, and induction to action. Regarding the Healthy Plate´s model, aspects such as perception of a balanced diet and the proportionality of the food groups of the different daily meals, were rated. Among the main results are that the Nutritional Plate model promotes healthy eating, the 12 experts (100.0% of the participants in the technical validation) reported that the methodology is useful, and 10 (83.3%) indicated that all the materials complied with the criteria of attraction, understanding, congruence, acceptance, and induction to action. The healthy plate model, considered a simple but optimal graphic to guide the adequate diet for Guatemalans, is an educational tool complementary to the Dietary Guidelines for Guatemala.

16.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 171-181, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366046

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Sitting time, screen time and low physical activity (PA) levels have been associated with several diseases and all-cause mortality. PA is related to better sleep quality and absence of daytime sleepiness, along with lower risks of obstructive syndrome apnea (OSA). However, studies on the relationship between sitting time, screen time and OSA are scarce in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To analyze associations between PA levels, sitting time, screen time and OSA among adults with suspected sleep disorder. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. METHODS: Data were collected from 369 adults with suspected sleep disorders who visited the hospital's neurophysiology clinic between August 2015 and January 2017. RESULTS: Correlations between hypopnea and PA indicators were demonstrated for total sitting time (0.123; P = 0.019) and total screen time (0.108; P = 0.038). There was also a correlation between latency for rapid-eye-movement sleep (REM_LAT) and total sitting time (0.103; P = 0.047) and a negative correlation between mean oxyhemoglobin saturation (SaO_Avg) and total PA time (-0.103; P = 0.048). There were no associations between PA parameters and apnea-hypopnea index. After adjusting for confounding factors (body mass index, age and gender), sitting time and screen time were not associated with OSA. CONCLUSION: After adjusting for anthropometric and clinical factors, excessive sitting time or screen time was not associated with OSA in adults suspected of sleep disorders. Age, gender, hypertension, body mass index and waist circumference were associated with OSA.

17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 217-221, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365360

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at the oral health problems of elderly patients with diabetes. A training course of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine was constructed, helping patients improve their oral health quality of life. METHODS: A randomized controlled prospective experimental study was conducted. A total of 190 elderly patients were divided randomly into an observation group and a control group with 95 cases in each. The control group received regular health education, while the observation group was based on the control group to implement the integrated experiential learning of traditional Chinese and Western medicine in small groups. The oral health knowledge, attitude, behavior, and blood glucose control status along with the oral health quality of life of the two groups were compared before the intervention and at 3-month postintervention. RESULTS: Three months after the intervention, the fasting blood glucose control and the 2-h postprandial blood glucose/glycosylated hemoglobin levels in the observation group were significantly better than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). The oral health quality of life in the observation group was significantly better than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The small-group experiential learning model of integrated Chinese and Western medicine can promote the transformation of knowledge-beliefs-behaviors in elderly patients with diabetes, which is conducive to controlling blood sugar levels and improving the quality of oral health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Oral Health , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Quality of Life , China , Prospective Studies , Problem-Based Learning , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
18.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(1): 60-68, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360552

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This longitudinal study aimed to verify possible changes in the time spent in sedentary activities occurring as screen-time, educational, cultural, social, and transportation domains in a sample of Brazilian adolescents between 2015 and 2017. Methods: It is a longitudinal prospective study with 586 adolescents from 12 to 15 years old at the Baseline (2015) enrolled in 14 public schools from Curitiba, Brazil. The Adolescent Sedentary Activity Questionnaire assessed the time spent in sedentary activities in five domains (recreational screen-time, educational, cultural, social, and transportation). A series of linear random effects regressions analyzed changes in the sedentary time between 2015 and 2017, with p < .05. Results: Overall, 323 adolescents dropped out of the study resulting in a retention rate of 44.9%. The overall sedentary time remained stable from 2015 to 2017 (-3.98 min/day, 95%CI: -15.39; 7.42). The screen-time decreased (-22.22 min/day, 95%CI: -30.30; -14.15), and educational (8.29 min/day, 95% CI: 3.52; 13.06), cultural (3.41 min/day, 95% CI: 0.66; 6.15) and social sedentary activities (8.20 min/day, 95% CI: 2.06; 14.34) increased from 2015 to 2017. Conclusion: Significant reductions in screen-time were evidenced along with increases in time spent on other sedentary activities of educational, cultural, and social nature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Sedentary Behavior , Screen Time , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies
19.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(1): 84-91, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360548

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To validate the Family Health Behavior Scale (FHBS) for Brazilian families. Methods: The sample included 272 children aged 5 to 12 years old. Caregivers and their healthy answered the FHBS and questions about physical activity. In addition, anthropometric measurements of the children's weight and height were performed, as well as the bioimpedance exam. The scale was translated and the following validities were assessed: content (qualitative analysis and content validity index), construct (factor analysis) and concurrent validity (difference between domains and the total score with the categories of BMI, fat percentage and physical activity). Reliability (Cronbach's alpha, ceiling-floor effect, two-half test, intraclass correlation and Bland - Altman) was also assessed. Results: FHBS instrument performed well with regard to the psychometric properties in the Brazilian population. The content validity index was 0.987. Fit indices of the factor analysis were considered satisfactory, according to Bartlett's sphericity test (χ 2 = 1927, df = 351; p < 0.001) and the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin index (KMO = 0.789). Concurrent validity, the differences between the mean of the domains and the total score between the categories of BMI (p = 0.011), percentage of fat (0.004) and physical activity (p < 0.001) were all significant. The reliability results were Cronbach's alpha internal consistency = 0.83, adequate ceiling-floor effect, 0.8105 (0.09 SD) two-half test, 0.626 intraclass correlation (95% CI: 0.406 to 0.777) and Bland - Altman -0.840 (-22.76 to 21.07). Conclusion: The FHBS adapted for the Brazilian population showed evidence of adequate psychometric performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Health Behavior , Psychometrics , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results
20.
Rev. psicol. (Fortaleza, Online) ; 13(1): 112-125, 01/01/2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1357993

ABSTRACT

Esta revisão integrativa de literatura visa mapear artigos brasileiros a partir do referencial da sensibilidade materna, por meio de busca nas bases de dados do Portal CAPES, de modo mais específico, na BVS Brasil e SciELO, realizada em 2019, e atualizada no primeiro semestre de 2020, utilizando os descritores "sensibilidade materna", "maternal sensitivity and brazil" e "sensibilidade materna and vulnerabilidade". Os critérios de inclusão foram artigos empíricos realizados no Brasil, publicados nos últimos 10 anos (2010-2020) em português, com acesso irrestrito em texto completo. Encontrou-se 685 referências e somente 14 estudos foram analisados na íntegra por atenderem aos critérios estabelecidos nesta pesquisa. Percebe-se que alguns fatores impactam negativamente na sensibilidade materna, como a vivência em situação de vulnerabilidade socioeconômica; a saúde mental da mãe e a fragilidade da rede de suporte. Evidencia-se escassez de produções brasileiras sobre essa temática e de pesquisas interventivas com a díade mãe-bebê, demonstrando a relevância deste trabalho.


This integrative literature review aims to map Brazilian articles from the maternal sensitivity perspective, based on a search in the CAPES Portal databases, more specifically in BVS Brasil and SciELO, carried out in 2019, and updated in the first half of 2020, using the descriptors "maternal sensitivity", "maternal sensitivity and brazil" and "maternal sensitivity and vulnerability". The inclusion criteria were empirical articles carried out in Brazil, published in the last 10 years (2010-2020) in Portuguese, with unrestricted access in full text. 685 references were found and only 14 studies were analyzed in full because they met the criteria established in this research. It is noticed that some factors have a negative impact on maternal sensitivity, such as living in a situation of socioeconomic vulnerability; the mother's mental health and the fragility of her support network. There is a shortage of Brazilian productions on this theme and of interventional research with the mother-baby dyad, demonstrating the relevance of this article.


Subject(s)
Child Development , Social Vulnerability , Emotions , Maternal Health , Maternal Behavior
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