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1.
Rev. neuropsiquiatr ; 85(1): 29-37, ene.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377162

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La medicina conductual es un campo interdisciplinario que involucra a las ciencias del comportamiento y ciencias biomédicas orientadas al estudio de la conducta, con el objetivo de prevenir y tratar enfermedades físicas, mejorando así la salud del ser humano. En el desarrollo del manuscrito, se precisa la evolución de los conceptos de salud y enfermedad a lo largo del siglo pasado. En este proceso, se mencionan los eventos que contribuyeron al surgimiento de la medicina conductual y posteriormente los que le sucedieron en sus primeros años de consolidación. Se describe y explica su actual desarrollo en entornos físicos y digitales, basados en evidencias, y el interés e importancia de cómo utilizar estas evidencias en la formulación de políticas de salud pública. El propósito de esta revisión es extender los principios y la práctica de la medicina conductual en la comunidad de habla hispana y resaltar la relevancia de esta disciplina en el campo de la salud pública.


SUMMARY Behavioral medicine is an interdisciplinary field that involves behavioral and biomedical sciences towards the study of behavior, with the aim of preventing and treating physical illnesses and improve the human being's health levels. The manuscript examines the evolution of the concepts of health and disease throughout the last century is indicated in principle. In this process, the events that contributed to the emergence of behavioral medicine and those that happened during its first years of consolidation, are mentioned. Its current development, substantiated in evidence-based physical and digital environments, and the interest in and relevance of how to translate this evidence in the formulation of public health policies, are also explained. The purpose of this review is to extend the principles and practice of behavioral medicine in the Spanish-speaking community, exposing the relevance of this discipline in the public health field.

2.
Edumecentro ; 13(4): 180-195, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345956

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: la enfermedad COVID-19 provocó la necesidad de realizar una serie de modificaciones importantes en el proceso docente-educativo en la educación médica superior, principalmente en las condiciones de educación a distancia. Objetivo: evaluar el logro de un aprendizaje significativo a partir del trabajo extraclase diseñado por el colectivo de la asignatura Psicología de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Guantánamo en el contexto de la COVID-19. Métodos: se realizó una investigación cuanticualitativa de corte pedagógico, en el período de marzo a septiembre de 2020. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: analítico-sintético, tránsito de lo abstracto a lo concreto e inductivo-deductivo; empíricos: criterio de usuarios, mediante encuesta aplicada a los profesores de la asignatura, análisis de contenidos expresados en los trabajos extraclases y la técnica de lluvia de ideas, así como métodos matemáticos estadísticos para los valores absolutos y relativos. Resultados: la lluvia de ideas propició que en la tarea docente se integraran contenidos esenciales de la asignatura bajo el empleo de los métodos problémico y trabajo independiente. Se aprovecharon las potencialidades de los entornos virtuales de aprendizaje. Por criterio de especialistas, los profesores evaluaron en las escalas de muy de acuerdo y de acuerdo los parámetros considerados para la valoración del trabajo extraclase diseñado. El análisis de contenido a las respuestas elaboradas por los estudiantes evidenció la consecución del aprendizaje significativo. Conclusiones: el trabajo extraclase que se diseñó tributó a la adquisición de un aprendizaje significativo de los contenidos de Psicología vinculados a la experiencia de los estudiantes de segundo año de Medicina en el trabajo comunitario integrado.


ABSTRACT Background: the COVID-19 disease caused the need to carry out a series of important modifications in the teaching-learning process in higher medical education, mainly in the conditions of distance learning. Objective: to evaluate the achievement of meaningful learning from the extra class work designed by the group of the Psychology subject of Guantánamo University of Medical Sciences in the context of COVID-19. Methods: a pedagogical research within the quantitative-qualitative approach was carried out in the period from March to September 2020. Theoretical methods were used: analytical-synthetic, transition from the abstract to the concrete and inductive-deductive; empirical ones: criteria of users, by means of a survey applied to the teachers of the subject, analysis of contents expressed in the extra-class work and the brainstorming technique, as well as statistical mathematical methods for the absolute and relative values. Results: brainstorming led to the integration of essential contents of the subject into the teaching task under the use of problem-solving methods and independent work. The potentialities of virtual learning environments were exploited. Using the criteria of specialists, the teachers evaluated the parameters considered for the evaluation of the extra-class work designed on the scales of strong agreement and agreement. The content analysis of the responses made by the students evidenced the achievement of meaningful learning. Conclusions: the extra-class work that was designed contributed to the acquisition of a meaningful learning of the contents of Psychology linked to the experience of second-year Medicine students in integrated community work.


Subject(s)
Students , Behavioral Medicine , Education, Distance
3.
Edumecentro ; 13(3): 253-270, jul.-sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286265

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: el trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad en infantes afecta la adaptación y bienestar de sus cuidadores primarios, lo cual reclama la superación de los profesionales de la enfermería para su atención. Objetivo: determinar la efectividad de un curso de superación, dirigido a profesionales de enfermería sobre la atención a cuidadores primarios de infantes con déficit de atención e hiperactividad. Métodos: se realizó un estudio prexperimental, en el Policlínico Universitario "Chiqui Gómez Lubián" del municipio Santa Clara, en Villa Clara, de 2018 a 2020. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos: histórico-lógico, analítico-sintético, sistematización, inductivo-deductivo y sistémico-estructural; empíricos: análisis documental, cuestionario y entrevista abierta; y matemáticos-estadísticos. Resultados: se diseñó y aplicó el curso de superación dirigido a profesionales de la Enfermería, sustentado en la integración de fundamentos teóricos a partir de la identificación de necesidades de aprendizaje, y conformado por siete temas con sus objetivos, temáticas, materiales y medios de enseñanza y sistema de evaluación, el cual fue aprobado por el consejo científico de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara. Conclusiones: el curso de superación implementado sobre la atención a cuidadores primarios de infantes con déficit de atención e hiperactividad se considera efectivo al producir cambios significativos en el nivel de conocimientos de los profesionales y la satisfacción expresada por ellos.


ABSTRACT Background: attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder in infants affects the adaptation and well-being of their primary caregivers, which demands the upgrading of nursing professionals for their care. Objective: to determine the effectiveness of an upgrading course, aimed at nursing professionals on the care of primary caregivers of infants with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder. Methods: a pre-experimental study was carried out at the "Chiqui Gómez Lubián" University Polyclinic of the Santa Clara municipality, in Villa Clara, from 2018 to 2020. Theoretical methods were used: historical-logical, analytical-synthetic, systematization, inductive-deductive and systemic-structural; empirical ones: documentary analysis, questionnaire and open interview; and mathematical-statistics. Results: an upgrading course aimed at nursing professionals was designed and applied, based on the integration of theoretical foundations from the identification of learning needs, and made up of seven topics with their objectives, topics, materials and teaching aids and evaluation system, which was approved by the scientific council of Villa Clara University of Medical Sciences. Conclusions: the upgrading course implemented on the care of primary caregivers of infants with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder is considered effective as it produces meaningful changes in the level of knowledge of the professionals and the satisfaction expressed by them.


Subject(s)
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Behavioral Medicine , Caregivers , Community Medicine , Program
4.
Medical Education ; : 247-252, 2021.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887254

ABSTRACT

In order to conduct online clinical practice under the COVID-19 pandemic, we attempted to introduce behavioral medicine education in obstetrics and gynecology clinical practice. Forty fifth-year medical students were given Case Based Learning using scenarios in a two-week rotational clinical practice. The scenarios were obstetrics and gynecology cases based on the themes from the “Behavioral Medicine” textbook. The curriculum consisted of discussions during practical training using Zoom and independent study outside of the training time. After the practical training, we received comments from students suggesting there was a change in their awareness, such as “Behavioral medicine was previously classroom knowledge, but now I am able to be aware of it in subsequent practical training.”

5.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 774-779, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1223279

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores associados à sonolência diurna em graduandos do curso de medicina do Norte de Minas. Método: estudo transversal, realizado com 231 acadêmicos que estavam frequentando o primeiro, sétimo e décimo-primeiro períodos de graduação em medicina. A sonolência diurna foi avaliada pela Escala de Sonolência Diurna de Epworth. Realizou-se a análise de regressão de Poisson para verificar os fatores associados à sonolência diurna. Resultados: níveis patológicos e muito patológicos de sonolência diurna foram observados, respectivamente, em 34,6% e 6,9% dos estudantes. A prevalência de sonolência diurna foi maior nos estudantes com Transtornos Mentais Comuns, Exaustão Emocional e Ineficácia Profissional, e menor naqueles que residem com os pais. Conclusão: a prevalência de sonolência diurna patológica nos estudantes mostrou-se elevada, e teve relação com transtornos mentais comuns, percepção de exaustão emocional e profissional, além do contexto com quem o estudante residia


Objective:To analyze the factors associated with daytime sleepiness in undergraduate medical students in the north of Minas Gerais. Method: a cross-sectional study was performed, involving 231 students from the first, seventh and eleventh medical undergraduate periods. Daytime sleepiness was assessed by the Epworth Daytime Sleepiness Scale. Poisson regression analysis was performed to verify the factors associated with daytime sleepiness. Results: pathological and very pathological levels of daytime sleepiness were observed, respectively, in 34.6% and 6.9% of the students. The prevalence of daytime sleepiness was higher in students who suffered Common Mental Disorders, Emotional Exhaustion and Professional Ineffectiveness, and lower among those who lived with their parents. Conclusion: the prevalence of pathological daytime sleepiness among the students was high, and was related to common mental disorders, perception of emotional and professional exhaustion, and the context with whom the student lived with


Objetivo: Evaluar los factores asociados con la somnolencia diurna en estudiantes universitarios de medicina del norte de Minas Gerais. Método: estudio transversal, realizado con 231 estudiantes que asistieron al primer, séptimo y undécimo período en medicina. La Escala de somnolencia diurna de Epworth evaluó la somnolencia diurna. Se realizó un análisis de regresión de Poisson para verificar los factores asociados con la somnolencia diurna. Resultados: se observaron niveles patológicos y muy patológicos de somnolencia diurna, respectivamente, en 34,6% y 6,9% de los estudiantes. La prevalencia de somnolencia diurna fue mayor en los estudiantes con trastornos mentales comunes, agotamiento emocional e ineficacia profesional, y menor en los estudiantes que viven con sus padres. Conclusión: la prevalencia de somnolencia patológica durante el día en los estudiantes fue alta y se relacionó con trastornos mentales comunes, percepción de agotamiento emocional y profesional y el contexto en el que residía el estudiante


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Medical , Sleepiness , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
6.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 25(11): 4401-4410, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1133055

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aims to perform cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the "Self-efficacy scale to brush teeth at night" with a Brazilian adult population. Translation and cross-cultural adaptation to the Brazilian-Portuguese language were done according to the stages recommended in the literature. Construct validity was carried out by mean of exploratory and confirmatory factorial analysis in a sample of 198 adult subjects. The reliability of the instrument was measured by Alpha and Omega indices. The model was observed to have been established as one-dimensional for all indicators, with explained variance of 85.7%; factorial loads between 0.85 and 0.91; and with communalities between 0.72 and 0.83. The goodness of fit of the model shown by the confirmatory model were between 0.98 and 0.99; with factorial loads between 0.85 and 0.93, and regression values between 0.69 and 0.84, all above the minimum indices established for instrument quality. For reliability, the Alpha and Omega values had identical indices of 0.95 showing high levels of reliability of the model. The G-H index replicability was 0.96, indicating the stability of solution in other contexts and samples. We concluded that all indicators represented excellent evidence of scale validity to measure self-efficacy to brush teeth at night.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar a adaptação transcultural e validação da "Escala de Autoeficácia para escovação dentária noturna" em uma população de adultos brasileiros. A tradução e a adaptação transcultural para a língua portuguesa foram realizadas de acordo com padrões recomendados na literatura. A validade de construto foi realizada por meio de análises fatoriais exploratória e confirmatória em uma amostra de 198 adultos. A confiabilidade do instrumento foi aferida pelos índices Alpha e Ômega. O modelo foi observado como unidimensional para todos os indicadores, com variância explicada de 85,7%, cargas fatoriais entre 0,85 e 0,91 e comunalidades entre 0,72 e 0,83. Os índices de ajuste do modelo apresentados pela análise confirmatória estiveram entre 0,98 e 0,99, com cargas fatoriais entre 0,85 e 0,93 e valores de regressão entre 0,69 e 0,84, indicando a qualidade do instrumento. Para a confiabilidade do instrumento, os valores de Alpha e Ômega apresentaram índices idênticos de 0,95, mostrando altos níveis de confiabilidade do modelo. O índice de replicabilidade G-H foi de 0,96, indicando a estabilidade da solução em outros contextos e amostras. Concluímos que todos os indicadores representaram excelentes evidências de validade da "Escala de Autoeficácia para Escovação Dentária Noturna".


Subject(s)
Cross-Cultural Comparison , Self Efficacy , Psychometrics , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results
7.
Edumecentro ; 12(3): 221-240, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124712

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: el Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad (TDAH) es una perturbación del desarrollo neurológico frecuente en edades pediátricas. Afecta el comportamiento infantil y las relaciones con sus cuidadores primarios. Objetivo: diseñar acciones de intervención educativa en la comunidad para cuidadores primarios de infantes con TDAH. Métodos: se realizó un estudio mixto de tipo triangulación concomitante, en el Policlínico Universitario "Chiqui Gómez Lubián" de Santa Clara, de 2016 a 2019. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos: analítico-sintético, sistematización, inductivo-deductivo, modelación y sistémico-estructural; empíricos: escalas autoadministrables, entrevista abierta y cuestionario a expertos. Resultados: se constató un predominio de mediana capacidad de afrontamiento y adaptación en los cuidadores primarios. Las dimensiones más afectadas de calidad de vida fueron las emociones y conductas, descanso y sueño, y la preparación recibida para brindar cuidados a su familiar. Se diseñó un programa de intervención educativa en la comunidad, basado en la integración del modelo de la adaptación de Callista Roy y el sistema de apoyo educativo de Dorothea Orem; estructurado en cinco temas, con medios de enseñanza conformados con la aplicación de tecnologías educativas. Conclusiones: el programa fue valorado como muy adecuado por los expertos por su contribución a la adaptación, afrontamiento, calidad de vida y satisfacción de cuidadores primarios de infantes con TDAH, en modos adaptativos, con un enfoque grupal, interdisciplinario y sistémico.


ABSTRACT Basis: Attention Deficit /Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is common in pediatric age. It can affect children's behavior and relationships with their primary caregivers. Objective: to design educational intervention actions in the community for primary caregivers of infants with ADHD. Methods: a mixed method study was conducted at the "Chiqui Gómez Lubian" University Polyclinic in Santa Clara, from 2016 to 2019. Theoretical methods were used: analytical-synthetic, systematization, inductive-deductive, modeling and systemic-structural; empirical methods: self-administered scales, open interview and questionnaire for experts. Results: a predominance of medium coping and adaptation capacity in primary caregivers was noted. The most affected indicators of quality of life were emotions and behaviors, rest and sleep, and readiness to provide care for his/her family member. An educational intervention program, based on the integration of Callista Roy's adaptation model and Dorothea Orem's educational support system, was designed in the community ; it was organized under five themes, with learning resources developed by using educational technologies. Conclusions: the program was evaluated by experts as very appropriate for its contribution to adaptation, coping, quality of life and satisfaction of primary caregivers of children with ADHD, in adaptive modes, with a focus group and interdisciplinary and systemic approach.


Subject(s)
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Behavioral Medicine , Caregivers , Community Medicine , Program
8.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 13(3): 631-643, jul.-set. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121987

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se no presente estudo analisar a estrutura representacional da microcefalia, bem como da autoimagem que mães de crianças com tal condição neurológica possuem. Participaram da pesquisa 105 brasileiras com idades entre 20 e 50 anos (M=31; DP=7,32), que moram, maioritariamente, na região Sudeste do Brasil (39,0%). Para recolha de dados, em 2018, foi utilizado a Técnica de Associação Livre de Palavras. Análises prototípicas do material coletado demonstraram que as participantes constroem suas representações sobre a microcefalia com base no conhecimento científico, a descrevendo, ainda, através de signos que se referem à espiritualidade e ao amor. No que diz respeito à autoimagem dos participantes, foi possível perceber elementos que remetem-se a resiliência, além de outros fatores associados a características auto-transcendentes. As representações identificadas revelam processos adaptativos, a partir da alocação de recursos resilientes que permitem com que as participantes deste estudo ressignifiquem sua condição de mães de crianças com microcefalia.


This study aimed to analyze the representational structure of microcephaly, as well as the self-image that mothers of children with the illness possess. There were 105 Brazilian women, aged between 20 and 50 (M=31; SD=7.32), who live, mostly, in the south-eastern region of Brazil (39.0%). For data acquisition, in 2018, it was used the Free Word Association Technique. Prototypical analyses of the collected material demonstrated that the participants build their representations upon microcephaly based on scientific knowledge, also describing it using signs that refer to spirituality and love. When it comes to the participants' self-image, it was possible to notice elements that support the feature resilience and other factors that are associated with self transcending characteristics. The identified representations reveal adaptive processes, based on the allocation of resilient resources that allow the participants from this study to give a different meaning of being a mother of a child with microcephaly.

9.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 58(3): 230-239, set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138577

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los trastornos de la esfera mental son cada vez más frecuentes, estos deben ser medidos en los estudiantes que están sometidos a gran presión y según el lugar de influencia. Objetivos: Determinar las características y factores asociados a trastornos de la esfera mental en estudiantes de medicina de la costa, sierra y selva peruana. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio transversal analítico preliminar, a través de la aplicación del Inventario Clínico Multiaxial de Millon (MCMI-II), a 105 estudiantes, dicha encuesta midió los distintos trastornos de la esfera mental; a los cuales se les asoció con variables socio-educativas. Resultados: Grandes porcentajes de encuestados tuvieron compulsividad (29%) y narcisismo elevado (28%). En el análisis multivariado se encontró que las mujeres tuvieron menor frecuencia de trastorno esquizoide (p=0,027); conforme aumentó la edad también hubo mayor frecuencia de trastornos evitativo (p=0,049) y ansiedad (p= 0,043); a mayor año académico se encontró menor frecuencia de trastorno dilusional (p=0,010); los estudiantes de la universidad de la sierra tuvieron más narcisismo (p=0,011), compulsividad (p=0,018) y paranoide (p=0,041); los estudiantes de la universidad de la selva tuvieron más agresividad-sádica (p=0,021), narcisismo (p=0,020) y compulsividad (p=0,005); estas dos últimas fueron comparados versus los que estudiaban en la costa. Conclusión: Se encontró gran frecuencia de algunos trastornos, así como algunos factores asociados, lo que puede ser útil como análisis situacional, lo que debería generar mayores trabajos en la materia.


Introduction: The disorders of the mental sphere are increasingly frequent, these should be measured in students who are under great pressure and according to the place of influence. Objectives: To determine the characteristics and factors associated with disorders of the mental sphere in medical students of the coast, mountains and Peruvian jungle. Methodology: A preliminary analytical cross-sectional study was carried out, through the application of the Millon Multiaxial Clinical Inventory (MCMI-II), to 105 students, said survey measured the different disorders of the mental sphere; to which they were associated with socio-educational variables. Results: Large percentages of respondents had compulsivity (29%) and high narcissism (28%). In the multivariate analysis it was found that women had a lower frequency of schizoid disorder (p = 0.027); as age increased there was also a higher frequency of avoidance disorders (p = 0.049) and anxiety (p = 0.043); the higher the academic year, the lower the frequency of dilution disorder (p = 0.010); the students of the Universidad de la Sierra had more narcissism (p = 0.011), compulsivity (p = 0.018) and paranoid (p = 0.041); the students of the jungle university had more aggressive-sadistic (p = 0.021), narcissism (p = 0.020) and compulsivity (p = 0.005); These last two were compared versus those studying on the coast. Conclussion: We found a high frequency of some disorders, as well as some associated factors, which can be useful as a situational analysis, which should generate more work in the field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Medical , Universities , Mental Health , Affective Symptoms , Peru , Cross-Sectional Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811687

ABSTRACT

Why has the concept of behavior determining health created more and more extensive and far-reaching influence ever since it was put forward? The reason lies in its multiple values. It is of great practical significance and has important implications for long-term health care to explore and analyze in the perspective of the situation of COVID-19 its philosophical values, cultural values, methodological values, social values and the national strategic value of "healthy China".

11.
Cambios rev. méd ; 18(1): 35-40, 28/06/2019. grafs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015148

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Las quemaduras son lesiones traumáticas causadas por agentes térmicos, eléctricos, químicos o radiactivos con un largo y doloroso tratamiento donde los rasgos de personalidad y niveles de resiliencia forman parte importante de su rehabilitación. OBJETIVO. Analizar los rasgos de personalidad y niveles de resiliencia en pacientes con quemaduras de segundo y tercer grado, hospitalizados y de consulta externa en la Unidad de Quemados del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, El universo fue: de 120 personas y una muestra de 20 pacientes con criterios de inclusión y exclusión, de la Unidad de Quemados del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, en el periodo Julio - Septiembre de 2018, los datos se obtuvieron durante los tres meses de investigación, a los pacientes se les aplicó una encuesta sociodemográfica, el Cuestionario de los Cinco Grandes Rasgos de la Personalidad y la Escala de Resiliencia de Wagnild y Young. Se aplicó el Método Clínico, el Método Estadístico y el Método Psicométrico, se analizó los datos con Microsoft Office Excel 2010. RESULTADOS. El factor de personalidad más puntuado correspondió a Tesón o Constancia con sub dimensiones de Escrupulosidad y Perseverancia y en cuanto a la resiliencia se presentó una escala alta siendo el factor más puntuado de confianza en sí mismo. CONCLUSIÓN. El rasgo de personalidad más representativo fue de Tesón o Constancia lo que reveló la capacidad del paciente para la atención y meticulosidad frente a diversos factores que son primordiales para la adaptación y continuidad del tratamiento hospitalario y de consulta externa; los niveles de resiliencia en la población estudiada son elevados, el factor más puntuado correspondió a confianza en sí mismo como habilidad para creer en las propias capacidades y enfrentarse a sucesos de alto estrés, superar condiciones adversas y salir fortalecido o transformado del proceso hospitalario.


INTRODUCTION. Burns are traumatic injuries caused by thermal, electrical, chemical or radioactive agents with a long and painful treatment where personality traits and resilience levels are an important part of their rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE. Analyze personality traits and levels of resilience in patients with second and third degree burns, hospitalized and outpatient at the Burns Unit of the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialty Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS. An observational, descriptive study was carried out. The universe was: 120 people and a sample of 20 patients with inclusion and exclusion criteria, from the Burns Unit of the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital, in the period July - September 2018, the data were obtained during the three months of investigation, a sociodemographic survey was applied to the patients, the Questionnaire of the Five Great Personality Traits and the Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale. The Clinical Method, the Statistical Method and the Psychometric Method were applied, the data was analyzed with Microsoft Office Excel 2010. RESULTS. The most punctuated personality factor corresponds to Tesón or Constancia with sub-dimensions of Scrupulosity and Perseverance and in terms of resilience a high scale is presented, being the highest scoring factor in self-confidence. CONCLUSION. The most representative personality trait was Tesón or Constancia, which reveals the patient's capacity for attention and meticulousness in the face of various factors that are essential for the adaptation and continuity of hospital treatment and outpatient treatment; Resilience levels in the studied population are high, the most scoring factor corresponds to self-confidence as an ability to believe in one's own abilities and face high stress events, overcome adverse conditions and emerge strengthened or transformed from the hospital process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Behavioral Medicine , Burn Units , Burns , Adult , Resilience, Psychological , Observational Study , Rehabilitation , Surgical Procedures, Operative , World Health Organization
12.
Conscientiae saúde (Impr.) ; 18(1): 42-48, mar. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-996771

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Life expectancy is an important variable for retirement planning. The pension system and the importance of this period have lately been the focus of studies in Brazil. Objective: To evaluate the health conditions and quality of life (QoL) of retirees. Methods: Data collection was performed using the 36-item Short-Form Survey (SF-36), the Brazilian Economic Classification Criteria and a structured questionnaire. We verified the absence of normal data through the Shapiro-Wilk test, and then applied the Mann-Whitney U test in order to compare the groups (retirees who worked and those who did not). The significance level for the statistical tests was 5%. Results: Among the 205 retirees, we observed that the most prevalent diseases were hypertension (50.3%) and depression (37.0%). In addition, retirees who continued working after retirement had better health conditions and QoL. Conclusion: It is suggested that retirement planning may be an important alternative to minimize the development of psychosocial diseases and their aggravating factors.


Introdução: A expectativa de vida é uma variável essencial para o planejamento previdenciário. O sistema previdenciário e a importância desse período têm sido, ultimamente, foco de estudos no Brasil. Objetivo: Avaliar as condições de saúde e qualidade de vida (QV) dos aposentados. Métodos: Para a coleta de dados, aplicou-se o Questionário Genérico de Qualidade de Vida (SF-36), o questionário de Classificação Social Brasileira e um questionário estruturado. A partir do teste de Shapiro-Wilk, verificou-se a ausência de normalidade dos dados. Usou-se o teste U de Mann-Whitney para comparar os grupos (aposentados que trabalhavam e os que não trabalhavam), considerou-se nível de significância de p <0,05 para todas as análises. Resultados: Nos 205 aposentados, as doenças mais prevalentes foram hipertensão (50,3%) e depressão (37,0%). Além disso, os aposentados que trabalhavam após a aposentadoria apresentaram melhores condições de saúde e QV. Conclusão: Sugere-se que o planejamento da aposentadoria é uma importante alternativa para minimizar o desenvolvimento de doenças psicossociais e seus agravantes.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797988

ABSTRACT

Health is the essential requirement of promoting the all-round development of human beings and the basic prerequisite of economic and social development. With the acceleration of industrialization, urbanization and population aging, the production mode and lifestyle, and disease spectrum of residents are constantly changing.Improper lifestyle and unhealthy behavior are closely related to residents' health. The development of behavioral medicine has played an important role in promoting the establishment of health living habits and healthy behavioral patterns of the people and improving the health level of the people, and will contribute to the construction of " Healthy China" through practical actions.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791098

ABSTRACT

[Absrtact] Health is the essential requirement of promoting the all-round development of human be-ings and the basic prerequisite of economic and social development. With the acceleration of industrializa-tion,urbanization and population aging,the production mode and lifestyle,and disease spectrum of residents are constantly changing. Improper lifestyle and unhealthy behavior are closely related to residents' health. The development of behavioral medicine has played an important role in promoting the establishment of health living habits and healthy behavioral patterns of the people and improving the health level of the people,and will contribute to the construction of " Healthy China" through practical actions.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754164

ABSTRACT

In recent years,some critical investigations have compelled us to improve the early recog-nition rate and treatment rate of mental disorders. Unhealthy lifestyles have become major influencing factors of health and longevity. With the effort of all practitioners,behavioral medicine has thrived in the latest dec-ades. In the future,we should put more energy in education,investigation and propagation. In short,emo-tion,behavior and health are the invariable themes of behavioral medicine.

16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1861-1864, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779061

ABSTRACT

Unhealthy dietary habits and a sedentary lifestyle have led to a significant increase in the prevalence rate of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children, adolescents, and adults. In recent years, the biological-psychological-social medical pattern has attracted more and more attention, and internal psychosocial factors have become an important influencing factor for disease progression, treatment, and prognosis. Studies have shown that patients with NAFLD may experience psychosocial disorders, and this article summarizes the common psychosocial problems of these patients.

17.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 42(3): 214-221, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-958601

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O curso de Medicina possui elevada carga horária e habitualmente demanda grande envolvimento dos estudantes. Em consequência, acadêmicos de Medicina podem apresentar alta prevalência de estresse, Síndrome de Burnout e sintomas depressivos, que podem comprometer a qualidade de sua vida. Tais aspectos demonstram a necessidade de estudos mais profundos deste grupo populacional, especialmente em um novo contexto de acesso ao ensino superior. O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar globalmente a saúde mental dos acadêmicos ingressantes no curso médico, com ênfase em qualidade de vida, Transtornos Mentais Comuns, sintomas depressivos, nível de sonolência diurna e Burnout, segundo o sexo. Trata-se de estudo transversal, realizado com acadêmicos do primeiro período de graduação em Medicina, oriundos de três instituições do Norte de Minas. Foram aplicados questionários de avaliação de sonolência diurna, sintomas depressivos, Transtornos Mentais Comuns, Burnout e qualidade de vida, além de um questionário com informações sociodemográficas. Os acadêmicos foram abordados na própria faculdade onde estudam, no início ou no término da aula. Na análise dos dados utilizou-se o Teste Qui-Quadrado e o t de Student para amostras independentes, na comparação entre os sexos. Foram avaliados dados de 101 estudantes ingressantes. O estresse esteve presente em 45,5% dos estudantes. A prevalência de sintomas depressivos em grau variado também foi significativa, afetando 43,6% dos estudantes. Houve diferença estatisticamente significante no componente mental da qualidade de vida e na presença de Transtornos Mentais Comuns entre homens e mulheres. Uma parcela bastante significativa apresentou níveis patológicos de sonolência diurna, sintomas de Transtornos Mentais Comuns, sintomas depressivos de graus variados, exaustão emocional e despersonalização. Mais de um terço dos acadêmicos considera sua qualidade de vida ruim, tanto no domínio físico, quanto no mental. A qualidade do curso e da assistência à saúde requer um profissional humanizado e que busque boas condições de saúde. Por isso, é essencial que as universidades discutam estratégias que visem à promoção de saúde e à prevenção de sintomas que comprometem a saúde mental dos acadêmicos.


ABSTRACT The medical school has a high academic load and usually demands a great student involvement. As a result, medical students may experience high prevalence of stress, Burnout syndrome and even depressive symptoms. Such factors can compromise the students' quality of life. All of these aspects emphasize the need of deeper studies of this population group, especially in a new context of access to higher education. The objective of this study was to evaluate the overall medical students' mental health entering the medical school, with emphasis on quality of life, Common Mental Disorders, depressive symptoms, daytime sleepiness level and Burnout, according to the gender. This is a cross-sectional study, performed with first-year undergraduate medical students from three institutions from the north of Minas Gerais. Questionnaires were applied to evaluate daytime sleepiness, depressive symptoms, Common Mental Disorders, Burnout and quality of life, as well as a questionnaire with sociodemographic information. Academics were approached at the college where they study, at the beginning or at the end of the class. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test, and Student's t-test for independent samples, in the comparison between genders. Data from 101 incoming students were evaluated. Stress was present in 45.5% of the students. The prevalence of depressive symptoms of varying degrees was also significant, affecting 43.6% of the students. There was a statistically significant difference in the mental component of quality of life and in the presence of Common Mental Disorders between men and women. It was possible to observe that a significant portion had pathological levels of daytime sleepiness, symptoms of Common Mental Disorders, depressive symptoms of varying degrees, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. More than a third of the academics consider their quality of life bad when it comes to the physical and mental domain. The quality of the course and health care requires a humanized professional who seek good health, that's why it is essential that universities discuss strategies that promote health and the prevention of symptoms that compromise the mental health of academics.

18.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 223-225, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691779

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between the health mental control locus and health behavior in the patients with ischemic stroke in order to provide a new idea for increasing the health level of the patients.Methods The convenience sampling method was used.The multidimensional health locus of control scales form C(MHLC-C) and health-promoting lifestyle profile Ⅱ (HPLP Ⅱ) were used to conduct the questionnaire survey on 117 cases of ischemic stroke in a grade 3A hospital of Guangzhou City.Results The highest patients' scored was the powerful others (doctor)health locus of control(4.96±0.87) and the lowest was the chance health locus of control(2.93 ±1.03).The health behavior score averaged(2.25 ± 0.30).The internality health locus of control and the powerful others (doctor)health locus of control were positively correlated with health behavior total score (r=0.536,0.235,P<0.01),the chance health locus of control was negatively correlated with health behavior total score (r=-0.286,P<0.01),the powerful others(other people) was positively correlated with the nutritional dimension and interpersonal relationaship dimension of health behavior (r=0.186,0.209,P<0.05).Conclusion The patients with ischemic stroke have lower level of health behaviors and tend to externality health locus of control.Their health behavior has a correlation with health mental control locus.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704190

ABSTRACT

Gene editing technology has a broad development prospect in medical research and appli-cation,and it is a frontier hot spot in the field of biomedical research worldwide,especially in the field of be-havioral medicine,making it possible to treat and prevent major diseases such as brain diseases,neurodegen-erative diseases and behavioral psychology diseases. But we must recognize that gene-editing technology poses new threats to bio-security while benefiting humanity. This paper summarizes the development and application prospect of gene editing technology in the field of behavioral medicine,summarizes the ethical and relevant institu-tional problems and international regulatory policies faced by the rapid development of gene editing technology, and finally puts forward relevant regulatory suggestions for the development of gene editing technology.

20.
Estud. interdiscip. envelhec ; 22(2): 77-93, ago. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-911158

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou verificar a prevalência e os fatores associados aos sintomas psicológicos do envelhecimento masculino em uma amostra representativa de homens com idade igual ou superior a 40 anos, residentes na zona urbana do município de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Foi realizado um estudo transversal de base populacional, incluindo 421 homens que residiam na zona urbana do município. Para medir os sintomas psicológicos do envelhecimento foi utilizada a dimensão psicológica da escala AMS (The Aging Male´s Symptoms Scale). Considerou-se como tendo sintomas aqueles homens que apresentaram sintomas moderados e graves. A prevalência dos sintomas psicológicos do envelhecimento masculino foi de 42,3% (IC95% 37,4%-47,1%) e, após controle para fatores de confusão, apenas a variável autopercepção de saúde permaneceu associada ao desfecho. Concluiu-se que a prevalência de sintomas psicológicos na população masculina é elevada e afetada pela percepção de saúde. Políticas de saúde pública aliadas ao aumento de hábitos de vida saudáveis poderiam minimizar esta prevalência e proporcionar melhor qualidade de vida a homens de meia idade e idosos. (AU)


This study aimed to identify the prevalence and associated factors from psychological symptoms of aging male's in a representative sample of men with 40 years or older living in the urban area of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. A population-based cross-sectional study including 421 men living in urban area. To evaluate the psychological symptoms of aging male's was used the psychological dimension of the AMS scale (The Aging Male's Symptoms Scale). It was considered as having psychological symptoms men who had moderate to severe symptoms. The prevalence of psychological symptoms of aging male's was 42.3% (CI95% 37.4% -47.1%), and after controlling for confounding factors health self-rated remained associated with the outcome. We conclude that the prevalence of psychological symptoms in older males is high, and affects their perception of health. Public health policies coupled with increased healthy lifestyle habits could minimize the prevalence, and provide better quality of life for middle-age and older men. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aging/psychology , Men's Health/statistics & numerical data , Self Concept , Cross-Sectional Studies , Psychology , Signs and Symptoms
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