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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911365

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and genetic features in a family with type 2 congenital generalized lipodystrophy, and to improve the understanging of this disease.Methods:The clinical symptoms, results of the laboratory, and radiography examinations of the patient and his family members were analyzed. The whole exome sequencing and Sanger validation were used to determine the genetic cause of the disease.Results:Generalized lipodystrophy, impaired liver function, severe hypertriglyceridemia, and acanthosis nigricans were found in the proband. His serum leptin level was much lower than normal value. The proband and three members of this family were confirmed to have insertion mutation at exon 5 of BSCL2 gene. The site was mutated from TTC to TCGGTC, resulting in the replacement of glutamate by aspartate and arginine. The mutation in proband was homozygote, and his father, mother, and brother were heterozygous.Conclusions:The mutation in exon 5 c. 545_546insCCG of BSCL2 gene leads to the occurrence of type 2 congenital generalized lipodystrophy.

2.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(5): 559-566, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131124

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Our aim is to establish genetic diagnosis of congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) using targeted massively parallel sequencing (MPS), also known as next-generation sequencing (NGS). Subjects and methods: Nine unrelated individuals with a clinical diagnosis of CGL were recruited. We used a customized panel to capture genes related to genetic lipodystrophies. DNA libraries were generated, sequenced using the Illumina MiSeq, and bioinformatics analysis was performed. Results: An accurate genetic diagnosis was stated for all nine patients. Four had pathogenic variants in AGPAT2 and three in BSCL2. Three large homozygous deletions in AGPAT2 were identified by copy-number variant analysis. Conclusions: Although we have found allelic variants in only 2 genes related to CGL, the panel was able to identify different variants including deletions that would have been missed by Sanger sequencing. We believe that MPS is a valuable tool for the genetic diagnosis of multi-genes related diseases, including CGL.


Subject(s)
Humans , GTP-Binding Protein gamma Subunits/genetics , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/diagnosis , Lipodystrophy, Congenital Generalized/genetics , Lipodystrophy/diagnosis , Lipodystrophy/genetics , Alleles , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Mutation/genetics
3.
Indian J Hum Genet ; 2014 Jan-Mar ;20 (1): 75-78
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-156638

ABSTRACT

Berardinelli‑Seip syndrome type 1 or Berardinelli‑Seip congenital lipodystrophy 1 (BSCL1) is a very rare genetic disorder characterized by lipoatrophy, hypertriglyceridemia, hepatomegaly and acromegaloid features. Its prevalence in Egypt is not known. Here, we report case of a 12‑year‑old Egyptian boy with the clinical, metabolic and molecular genetics manifestations of BSCL1 including overt diabetes mellitus.


Subject(s)
/diagnosis , Abnormalities, Multiple/epidemiology , Acromegaly/diagnosis , Acromegaly/epidemiology , Child , Diabetes Mellitus/complications , Egypt , Humans , Hypertriglyceridemia , /diagnosis , /epidemiology
4.
Med. lab ; 18(5-6): 253-260, 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-834722

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El síndrome de Berardinelli-Seip, una lipodistrofia congénita, es una enfermedad metabólicarara que se caracteriza por una lipodistrofia generalizada grave, resistencia a la insulinay dislipidemia. La enfermedad se asocia con varias manifestaciones dermatológicas y sistémicas.Las complicaciones incluyen miocardiopatía hipertrófica, hígado graso con disfunción hepática,hipertrofia muscular y varias alteraciones endocrinas. Se presenta un caso de este tipode lipodistrofia en una mujer de 18 años de edad, que ingresa con un cuadro de hiperglucemia sinevidencia de cetoacidosis o de estado hiperosmolar hiperglucémico, con hepatomegalia, signosde resistencia a la insulina y ausencia de tejido adiposo. Después de los análisis complementarios,se le diagnosticó síndrome de Berardinelli-Seip. El reconocimiento temprano de la lipodistrofiacongénita es esencial para prevenir las complicaciones, y permite una asesoría genética y reproductivade los pacientes y sus familias. Se incluye también una breve revisión de la literatura.


Abstract: Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy is a rare metabolic disorder characterized bysevere generalized lipodystrophy, insulin resistance, and dyslipedemia. The condition is associatedwith various dermatological and systemic manifestations. Complications include hypertrophiccardiomyopathy, a fatty liver with hepatic dysfunction, muscular hypetrophy, and various endocrinedisturbances. We report a case of this form of lipodystrophy in an 18-year-old female who wasadmitted with hyperglycaemia without evidence of ketoacidosis or hyperglycemic hyperosmolarstate, with hepatomegaly, signs of insulin resistance and absence of adipose tissue. After furtherinvestigation, a diagnosis of Berardinelli-Seip syndrome was made. Early recognition of congenitallipodystrophy is essential to prevent complications, and allows genetic and reproductive counselingto patients and their families. A brief review of the literature is also included.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acanthosis Nigricans , Diabetes Mellitus , Hepatomegaly , Lipodystrophy
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