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1.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(4): e2022, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520241

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study aimed to report an experiment designed to determine anatomical changes in porcine corneas following placement of a novel polymer implant into the cornea. Methods: An ex vivo porcine eye model was used. A novel type I collagen-based vitrigel implant (6 mm in diameter) was shaped with an excimer laser on the posterior surface to create three planoconcave shapes. Implants were inserted into a manually dissected stromal pocket at a depth of approximately 200 μm. Three treatment groups were defined: group A (n=3), maximal ablation depth 70 μm; Group B (n=3), maximal ablation depth 64 μm; and group C (n=3), maximal ablation depth 104 μm, with a central hole. A control group (D, n=3) was included, in which a stromal pocket was created but biomaterial was not inserted. Eyes were evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and corneal tomography. Results: Corneal tomography showed a trend for a decreased mean keratometry in all four groups. Optical coherence tomography showed corneas with implants placed within the anterior stroma and visible flattening, whereas the corneas in the control group did not qualitatively change shape. Conclusions: The novel planoconcave biomaterial implant described herein could reshape the cornea in an ex vivo model, resulting in the flattening of the cornea. Further studies are needed using in vivo animal models to confirm such findings.


RESUMO Objetivo: Relatar um experimento projetado para determinar alterações anatômicas em córneas porcinas após a colocação de um novo implante de polímero na córnea. Métodos: Foi utilizado olho de porco ex vivo. Um novo agente modelador biocompatível, de colágeno tipo 1, com 6mm de diâmetro foi moldado com excimer laser em sua face posterior, para criar três formatos planocôncavos. Os implantes foram inseridos dentro de um bolsão, dissecado manualmente, a 200 micrômetros (μm). Foram definidos três grupos de tratamento: grupo A (n=3), teve a profundidade máxima de ablação de 70 μm; o grupo B (n=3), profundidade máxima de ablação de 64 μm; e o grupo C (n=3), profundidade máxima de ablação de 104 μm, com buraco central. O grupo controle, D (n=3), foi incluído, com a criação do bolsão estromal, porém sem inserir o material. A avaliação desses olhos foi realizada por tomografia de coerência óptica (OCT) e por tomografia corneana. Resultados: A tomografia corneana mostrou uma tendência para diminuição da ceratometria média em todos os 4 grupos. A tomografia de coerência óptica mostrou córneas com implantes localizados no estroma anterior e aplanamento visível, enquanto as córneas não mudaram qualitativamente o formato no grupo controle. Conclusões: O novo implante de biomaterial planocôncavo descrito aqui foi capaz de remodelar a córnea em modelo de animal ex vivo, resultando no aplanamento corneano. Novos estudos são necessários usando modelos animais in vivo para confirmar tais achados.

2.
Odontol. vital ; (39): 27-39, jul.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550585

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los tratamientos para fracturas de órbita se basan en la corrección del defecto de las lesiones orbitarias de tipo blow in y blow out (o de estallido), mediante diversas placas y mallas biocompatibles con el organismo, dándose una cicatrización de primera generación evitando un callo óseo y una fijación más rígida. Para el diagnóstico de este tipo de lesiones tenemos inflamación periorbitaria, enoftalmos, diplopía, equimosis, hemorragia subconjuntival. Existen diversos materiales reconstructivos siendo estos compuestos por distintas materias primas, como son los aloplásticos y autógenos; donde encontramos varios tipos como placas de titanio y las placas reabsorbibles siendo estas las más comunes y usadas actualmente, por su bajo estímulo a reabsorciones óseas y evitando efectos secundarios a largo plazo. Estas placas presentan diversos grados de ductilidad y resistencia. Se informó sobre varias complicaciones según el tipo de placas como es la cicatrización, las cirugías postquirúrgicas en caso de placas de titanio, etc. El objetivo de esta revisión es la evaluación de la eficacia las placas reabsorbibles versus placas de titanio en fracturas de órbita. Materiales y métodos: La investigación es de carácter documental, descriptivo y no experimental. En el cual se emplea una metodología de identificación e inclusión de artículos científicos tipo prisma. Resultados y conclusiones: Se verificaron las ventajas y desventajas tanto de las placas reabsorbibles como las de titanio siendo estas similares en la biocompatibilidad con el organismo humano, así como también varias diferencias como el soporte, fuerzas, resistencia de estas, concluyendo que es debatible el material ideal para tratar fracturas de órbita. Se seleccionaron artículos tomando en cuenta el título y objetivos; considerando estudios comparativos, revisiones sistemáticas, revisiones de literatura, los cuales comprendían criterios con respecto a fracturas de órbita y tratamientos quirúrgicos. La búsqueda arrojó 55 artículos en PubMed, 65 en Google, 4 en Scielo y 29 en Science direct, de los cuales se excluyeron libros, monografías, estudios experimentales, dando como resultado 21 artículos para el desarrollo de esta revisión bibliográfica. Y que fueron leídos y analizados en su totalidad, estudiando los objetivos, metodología y conclusión de cada uno de ellos para la posterior comparación.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Treatments for orbit fractures are based on the correction of the defect of blow in and blow out orbital injuries, by means of various plates and meshes biocompatible with the organism, giving a first-generation healing avoiding a bony callus and a more rigid fixation. For the diagnosis of this type of lesions we have periorbital inflammation, enophthalmos, diplopia, ecchymosis, subconjunctival hemorrhage. There are several reconstructive materials being these composed of different raw materials, such as alloplastic and autogenous, where we find several types such as titanium plates and resorbable plates being these the most common and currently used, for its low stimulus to bone resorption and avoiding long-term side effects. These plates have different degrees of ductility and resistance. Several complications have been reported depending on the type of plates, such as scarring, post-surgical surgeries in the case of titanium plates, etc. The objective of this review is to evaluate the efficacy of resorbable versus titanium plates in orbital fractures. Materials and methods: This research are a documentary, descriptive and non-experimental nature. A prism-type methodology of identification and inclusion of scientific articles was used. Results and conclusions: The advantages and disadvantages of both resorbable and titanium plates were verified, being these similar in biocompatibility with the human organism, as well as several differences such as support, forces, resistance of the same, concluding that it is debatable. The ideal material to treat orbital fractures. Articles were selected considering the title and objectives; considering comparative studies, systematic reviews, literature reviews, which included criteria regarding orbital fractures and surgical treatments. The search yielded 55 articles in PubMed, 65 in Google, 4 in Scielo and 29 in Science direct, from which books, monographs, experimental studies were excluded, resulting in 21 articles for the development of this bibliographic review. The 21 articles were read and analyzed in their entirety, studying the objectives, methodology and conclusion of each one of them for subsequent comparison.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orbit/injuries , Bone Plates , Titanium , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Fractures, Bone/surgery
3.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(2): 53-57, abr./jun 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1538222

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Discutir o tratamento cirúrgico secundário de uma fratura de órbita tipo Blow-Out, explorando os desafios e limitações relacionados a este padrão de fratura. Relato de Caso: Paciente sexo masculino, 50 anos, ASA I relatando histórico de agressão física e quatro cirurgias prévias em região orbitária direita. Clinicamente foram observados sinais como enoftalmo, hipoftalmo, encurtamento da pálpebra inferior, dificuldade de oclusão palpebral, entrópio, hiperemia em conjuntiva, além de presença de secreção purulenta, todos em região orbitária à direita. Diante do exposto, uma nova intervenção cirúrgica foi proposta pela Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial, na tentativa corrigir alguns problemas listados, além de encaminhamento a outras especialidades. Encontra-se em acompanhamento de um ano, com boa evolução. Conclusão: O tratamento de fraturas orbitárias é um dos mais desafiadores, especialmente quando se trata sequelas. A definição pelo melhor momento para realização destes procedimentos não é um consenso, sendo necessário uma avaliação clínica criteriosa. Apesar da utilização dos enxertos autógenos ser amplamente recomendada, os materiais aloplásticos vem se tornando a primeira escolha para tratamento das correções secundárias pelas diversas vantagens oferecidas.


Aim: To discuss the secondary surgical treatment of a Blow-Out orbit fracture, exploring the challenges and limitations related to this fracture pattern. Case report: Male patient, 50 years old, ASA I reporting a history of physical aggression and four previous surgeries in the right orbital region. Clinically, enophthalmos, hypophthalmos, shortening of the lower eyelid, difficulty in eyelid occlusion, entropion, hyperemia in the conjunctiva were observed, in addition to the presence of purulent secretion, all in the right orbit. In view of the above, a new surgical intervention was proposed by Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology, in an attempt to correct some listed problems, in addition to referral to other specialties. He is being followed up for one year, with good progress. Conclusion: The treatment of orbital fractures is one of the most challenging, especially when dealing with sequelae. The definition of the best time to perform these procedures is not a consensus, requiring a careful clinical evaluation. Although the use of autogenous grafts is widely recommended, alloplastic materials are becoming the first choice for treating secondary corrections due to the several advantages offered.


Objetivo: Discutir el tratamiento quirúrgico secundario de una fractura orbitaria Blow-Out, explorando los desafíos y las limitaciones relacionadas con este patrón de fractura. Caso Clínico: Paciente masculino, 50 años, ASA I, que refi ere antecedentes de agresión física y cuatro cirugías previas en región orbitaria derecha. Clínicamente se observaron signos como enoftalmos, hipoftalmos, acortamiento del párpado inferior, difi cultad en la oclusión palpebral, entropión, hiperemia en la conjuntiva, además de la presencia de secreción purulenta, todos en la región orbitaria derecha. Ante lo anterior, se propuso una nueva intervención quirúrgica desde Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial y Traumatología, en un intento de corregir algunos de los problemas enumerados, además de la derivación a otras especialidades. Está en seguimiento desde hace un año, con buena evolución. Conclusión: El tratamiento de las fracturas de órbita es uno de los más desafi antes, especialmente cuando se trata de secuelas. La defi nición del mejor momento para realizar estos procedimientos no es un consenso, lo que requiere una evaluación clínica cuidadosa. A pesar de que se recomienda ampliamente el uso de injertos autógenos, los materiales aloplásticos se han convertido en la primera opción para el tratamiento de correcciones secundarias debido a las múltiples ventajas que ofrecen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Orbit , Biocompatible Materials , Violence
4.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(2): 5-5, abr./jun 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1538225

ABSTRACT

A Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas (PRF) é um material biológico feito do próprio sangue do paciente. É um material natural e não sintético. A PRF é rica em fatores de crescimento necessários para a cicatrização e o reparo tecidual. Também é rica em leucócitos, que são células do sistema imunológico que ajudam a proteger o paciente contra infecções. A PRF pode ser usada para acelerar o processo de cicatrização, redução da dor, do sangramento e melhora a estética do resultado final. Também pode ser usada para melhorar a eficácia de outros tratamentos médicos e odontológicos que vão desde Exodontia à aplicação na harmonização orofacial. Essa tecnologia pode ser usada na cirurgia oral e maxilofacial, implantodontia, periodontia, harmonização orofacial, cirurgia plástica, queimaduras, feridas crônicas, doenças degenerativas e doenças autoimunes. A PRF é uma tecnologia segura e eficaz que tem o potencial de melhorar a qualidade de vida de muitos pacientes.


Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF) is a biological material made from the patient's own blood. It is a natural material and not synthetic. PRF is rich in growth factors necessary for tissue healing and repair. It is also rich in leukocytes, which are immune system cells that help protect the patient against infections. PRF can be used to accelerate the healing process, reduce pain and bleeding and improve the aesthetics of the final result. It can also be used to improve the effectiveness of other medical and dental treatments, ranging from extractions to orofacial harmonization. This technology can be used in oral and maxillofacial surgery, implant dentistry, periodontics, orofacial harmonization, plastic surgery, burns, chronic wounds, degenerative diseases and autoimmune diseases. PRF is a safe and effective technology that has the potential to improve the quality of life for many patients.


La fibrina rica en plaquetas (PRF) es un material biológico elaborado a partir de la propia sangre del paciente. Es un material natural y no sintético. PRF es rico en factores de crecimiento necesarios para la curación y reparación de tejidos. También es rico en leucocitos, que son células del sistema inmunológico que ayudan a proteger al paciente frente a infecciones. PRF se puede utilizar para acelerar el proceso de curación, reducir el dolor y el sangrado y mejorar la estética del resultado final. También se puede utilizar para mejorar la eficacia de otros tratamientos médicos y dentales, desde extracciones hasta armonización orofacial. Esta tecnología puede ser utilizada en cirugía oral y maxilofacial, implantología, periodoncia, armonización orofacial, cirugía plástica, quemaduras, heridas crónicas, enfermedades degenerativas y enfermedades autoinmunes. PRF es una tecnología segura y eficaz que tiene el potencial de mejorar la calidad de vida de muchos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biocompatible Materials , Platelet-Rich Fibrin
5.
Colomb. med ; 54(1)mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534280

ABSTRACT

Case description: A 42-year-old woman with severe pulmonary and mediastinal inflammatory involvement, secondary to infiltration of a silicone-related allogenic material with systemic migration. Clinical findings: The patient developed esophageal and bronchial stenosis, recurrent infections, malnutrition, and respiratory deterioration, making surgical removal of the allogenic material impossible. Treatment and outcome: Clinical and radiological improvement was achieved after treatment with multiple intravenous and oral immunomodulators. Clinical relevance: Autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA) is a heterogeneous disease resulting from exposure to allogenic substances in a susceptible subject. These substances cause autoimmune or autoinflammatory phenomena. Since ASIA was described ten years ago, its diagnostic criteria are still under discussion, with an uncertain prognosis. The ideal therapy is based on eliminating the causative substance, but this is not always possible. Therefore, it is necessary to start an immunomodulatory treatment, using it in this patient, a scheme that had not been previously reported in the literature.


Descripción del caso: Mujer de 42 años con compromiso inflamatorio pulmonar y mediastinal severo, secundario a infiltración de un material alogénico relacionado con la silicona con migración sistémica. Hallazgos clínicos: La paciente desarrolló estenosis esofágica y bronquial, infecciones recurrentes, desnutrición y deterioro respiratorio, imposibilitando la extracción quirúrgica del material alogénico. Tratamiento y resultado: Mejoría clínica y radiológica lograda tras un tratamiento con múltiples inmunomoduladores intravenosos y orales. Relevancia clínica: El síndrome autoinmune / inflamatorio inducido por adyuvantes (ASIA) es una enfermedad heterogénea que resulta de la exposición a sustancias alógenas en un sujeto con susceptibilidad genética. Estas sustancias inducen fenómenos autoinmunitarios o autoinflamatorios. Desde que ASIA fue descrito hace 10 años, sus criterios diagnósticos continúan en discusión, con un pronóstico incierto. El tratamiento idóneo se basa en eliminar la sustancia causante, pero no siempre es posible, por lo cual se hace necesario iniciar un tratamiento inmunomodulador, empleándose en esta paciente un esquema que no había sido reportado previamente en la literatura.

6.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 36: eAPE022632, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1447019

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a ocorrência de acidentes de trabalho com material biológico e as medidas protetivas adotadas por profissionais de saúde, durante a pandemia por COVID-19, em um complexo hospitalar do sul do Brasil. Métodos Pesquisa descritiva, analítica, exploratória e quantitativa, desenvolvida em um Complexo Hospitalar do Sul do Brasil. Os participantes foram profissionais de saúde (auxiliares e técnicos de enfermagem, enfermeiros, fisioterapeutas e médicos), que atuaram em unidades COVID-19. Realizou-se a coleta de dados de maio a agosto de 2021, por meio de um instrumento estruturado para entrevista on-line sobre perfil sócio-ocupacional, histórico laboral e medidas protetivas. A análise ocorreu de forma descritiva e com testes de qui quadrado, exato de Fisher e odds ratio . Resultados De 104 participantes, a média de idade foi 35,8 anos, 84,6% do sexo feminino, 57,7% eram enfermeiros, 38,5% tiveram COVID-19, 5,8% tiveram acidentes de trabalho com material biológico. Sobre as medidas protetivas destaca-se que o uso do protetor facial ou óculos de proteção diminuiu as chances da ocorrência de acidentes. Quanto ao uso de equipamentos de proteção individual em procedimentos geradores de aerossóis, os participantes que fizeram uso na maioria das vezes, ao invés de sempre conforme recomendado, apresentaram risco aumentado para acidente de trabalho com material biológico (p=0,015 OR:7,67 [1,16-50,63]). Conclusão A pesquisa inferiu que houve associação entre a ocorrência dos acidentes e adesão às medidas protetivas. Reforça-se a importância da implementação de medidas que contribuam para a segurança dos profissionais de saúde e minimizem a exposição a riscos e agravos à saúde.


Resumen Objetivo Evaluar los casos de accidentes laborales con material biológico y las medidas de protección adoptadas por profesionales de la salud durante la pandemia por COVID-19, en un complejo hospitalario del sur de Brasil. Métodos Investigación descriptiva, analítica, exploratoria y cuantitativa, llevada a cabo en un complejo hospitalario del sur de Brasil. Los participantes fueron profesionales de la salud (auxiliares y técnicos de enfermería, enfermeros, fisioterapeutas y médicos) que trabajaron en unidades de COVID-19. Se realizó la recopilación de datos de mayo a agosto de 2021, por medio de un instrumento estructurado de una encuesta en línea sobre el perfil sociolaboral, historial laboral y medidas de protección. El análisis se llevó a cabo de forma descriptiva y con prueba χ2 de Pearson, prueba exacta de Fisher y odds ratio . Resultados De 104 participantes, el promedio de edad fue 35,8 años, el 84,6 % de sexo femenino, el 57,7 % era enfermero, el 38,5 % tuvo COVID-19, el 5,8 % tuvo accidentes laborales con material biológico. Sobre las medidas de protección, se destaca que el uso del protector facial o anteojos de protección redujo las probabilidades de episodios de accidentes. Respecto al uso de equipos de protección individual en procedimientos generadores de aerosoles, los participantes que los utilizaron la mayoría de las veces, en lugar de siempre como recomendado, presentaron riesgo aumentado de accidente laboral con material biológico (p=0,015 OR:7,67 [1,16-50,63]). Conclusión La investigación infirió que hubo relación entre los casos de accidentes y la adherencia a medidas de protección. Se refuerza la importancia de implementar medidas que contribuyan a la seguridad de los profesionales de la salud y minimicen la exposición al riesgo de agravios de la salud.


Abstract Objective To assess the occurrence of occupational accidents with biological material and the protective measures adopted by health professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic in a hospital complex in southern Brazil. Methods This is descriptive, analytical, exploratory and quantitative research, developed in a hospital complex in southern Brazil. Participants were health professionals (nursing assistants and technicians, nurses, physiotherapists and physicians) who worked at COVID-19 units. Data were collected from May to August 2021, using a structured instrument for an online interview about the socio-occupational profile, work history and protective measures. Analysis was descriptive, and with chi-square, Fisher's exact and odds ratio tests were used. Results Of 104 participants, the average age was 35.8 years, 84.6% female, 57.7% were nurses, 38.5% had COVID-19, 5.8% had occupational accidents with biological material. Regarding protective measures, it should be noted that the use of a face shield or goggles reduced the chances of accidents. Regarding personal protective equipment use in aerosol-generating procedures, participants who used it most of the time, rather than always as recommended, showed an increased risk of occupational accidents with biological material (p=0.015 OR:7.67 [1.16-50.63]). Conclusion The research inferred that there was an association between the occurrence of accidents and compliance with protective measures. It reinforces the importance of implementing measures that contribute to health professionals' safety and minimize exposure to risks and health problems.

8.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 50: e20233536, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440934

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Chronic ulcers of the lower limbs are common and recurrent, especially in the elderly population, they are disabling injuries that generate a great socioeconomic burden. This scenario encourages the development of new, low-cost therapeutic alternatives. The present study aims to describe the use of bacterial cellulose in the treatment of lower limb ulcers. This is an integrative literature review, carried out in the PubMed and Science Direct databases by associating the descriptors, with the inclusion criteria being clinical studies in the last 5 years, available in full in English, Portuguese and Spanish. Five clinical trials were analyzed and the main therapeutic effects obtained in the experimental groups that used bacterial cellulose dressings were a reduction in the area of the wounds, one of the studies showed a reduction of 44.18cm2 in the area of the wound, the initial lesions measured on average 89.46cm2 and at the end of the follow-up, they had an average of 45.28cm2, since the reduction in pain and the decrease in the number of exchanges were advantages described in all groups that used the BS. It is concluded that BC dressings are an alternative for the treatment of lower limb ulcers, their use also reduces operational costs related to the treatment of ulcers.


RESUMO As úlceras crônicas de membros inferiores são comuns e recorrentes principalmente na população idosa, são lesões incapacitantes e que geram grande ônus socioeconômico. Tal cenário incentiva o desenvolvimento de novas alternativas terapêuticas e de baixo custo. O presente estudo tem como objetivo descrever o uso da celulose bacteriana no tratamento de úlceras de membros inferiores. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada nas bases de dados PubMed e Science Direct por meio da associação dos descritores, tendo como critério de inclusão estudos clínicos nos últimos 5 anos, disponíveis na integra em inglês, português e espanhol. Cinco ensaios clínicos foram analisados e os principais efeitos terapêuticos obtidos nos grupos experimentais que utilizaram os curativos de celulose bacteriana foram redução da área das feridas, um dos estudos apontou uma redução de 44,18cm2 da área da ferida, as lesões iniciais mediam em média 89,46cm2 e ao término do acompanhamento apresentaram uma média de 45,28cm2, já a redução da dor e diminuição do número de trocas foram vantagens descritas em todos os grupos que utilizaram a CB. Conclui-se que os curativos de CB são uma alternativa para o tratamento das úlceras de MMII, sua utilização reduz também os custos operacionais relacionados ao tratamento de úlceras.

9.
Acta ortop. bras ; 31(1): e258453, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1419968

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluating the clinical results of bioactive glass S53P4 putty for the treatment of cavitary chronic osteomyelitis. Methods: Retrospective observational study, including patients of any age with clinical and radiological diagnosis of chronic osteomyelitis, who underwent surgical debridement and implantation of bioactive glass S53P4 putty (BonAlive® Putty, Turku, Finland). Patients who underwent any plastic surgery on the soft tissues of the affected site or had segmental bone lesions or septic arthritis were excluded. Statistical analysis was performed using Excel®. Demographic data, as well as data on the lesion, treatment, and follow-up, were collected. Outcomes were classified as "disease-free survival," "failure," or "indefinite." Results: This study included 31 patients, of which 71% were men and had with a mean age of 53.6 years (SD ± 24.2). In total, 84% were followed-up for at least 12 months and 67.7% had comorbidities. We prescribed combination antibiotic therapy for 64.5% of patients. In 47.1%, Staphylococcus aureus was isolated. Finally, we classified 90.3% of cases as "disease-free survival" and 9.7% as "indefinite." Conclusion: Bioactive glass S53P4 putty is safe and effective to treat cavitary chronic osteomyelitis, including infections by resistant pathogens, such as methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Level of Evidence IV, Case Series.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a atividade do vidro bioativo S53P4 em pasta no tratamento de osteomielite crônica. Métodos: Estudo observacional retrospectivo, com inclusão de indivíduos de qualquer idade com diagnóstico clínico e radiológico de osteomielite que realizaram tratamento cirúrgico com limpeza e desbridamento, seguido do preenchimento da cavidade com biovidro S53P4 em pasta (BonAlive ® Putty, Turku, Finland). Foram excluídos pacientes submetidos a procedimentos de cirurgia plástica nos tecidos moles do local afetado, com lesões ósseas segmentares e com presença de artrite séptica. A análise estatística foi realizada em Excel ® . Foram coletados dados demográficos, sobre a lesão, o tratamento e o acompanhamento. O desfecho foi classificado em "sobrevida livre de doença", "falha" ou "indeterminado". Resultados: Dos 31 pacientes analisados, 71% eram homens, com idade média de 53,6 anos (DP ± 24,26). Do total, 84% foram acompanhados por no mínimo 12 meses, e 67,7% apresentaram comorbidades. A terapia antibiótica combinada foi realizada em 64,5% dos pacientes, sendo o patógeno mais frequente o Staphylococcus aureus (47,1%). Ao final, 90,3% dos pacientes obtiveram "sobrevida livre de doenças" e 9,7% foram considerados "indeterminados". Conclusão: O vidro bioativo S53P4 em pasta é seguro e eficaz no tratamento da osteomielite cavitária e de infecções por patógenos resistentes, incluindo o S. aureus multirresistente. Nível de Evidência IV, Série de Casos.

10.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e231269, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413379

ABSTRACT

The peri-implant ligament is formed from the interface of bone tissue, through the anchoring of proteins and the surface of the dental implant. In this sense, it is relevant to understand the extent to which this ligament is structured and biomimics the periodontal ligament functions. Aim: The goal of this scoping review is to present and analyze the peri-implant ligament composition and compare the extent to which this ligament is structured and biomimics the periodontal ligament functions. Methods: This scoping review was performed according to the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology for scoping reviews and following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses extension for scoping review. Two independent researchers searched Pubmed, Cochrane, Embase, Virtual Health Library, Scielo, Scopus, Web of Science, Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences, Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations from the University of São Paulo and Portal Capes. Studies published in English, Portuguese and Spanish, over the last 21 years (2000-2021). Results: A total of 330 titles were identified and after applying inclusion and exclusion factors, 27 studies were included in this review. All proteins were identified regarding their tissue function and classified into 6 major protein groups. After that this new protein ligament was compared with the periodontal ligament regarding its function and composition. The main proteins associated with osseointegration, and thus, with the peri-implant ligament are recognized as belonging to the periodontal ligament. Conclusion: This scoping review results suggest evidence of the composition and function of the periimplant ligament. However, variations may still exist due to the existence of several modulants of the osseointegration process


Subject(s)
Periodontal Ligament , Biocompatible Materials , Proteins , Osseointegration , Dental Materials
11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1034-1040, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992419

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the antibacterial properties and in vivo and vitro biocompatibility of Cu-Fe-Zn alloy microfilament dressings, and to evaluate their wound healing promoting effect through clinical application.Methods:We evaluated the comprehensive antibacterial performance of dressings in vitro using plate counting method; After co culturing the extract of Cu-Fe-Zn alloy microfilament dressings with epidermal cells (HaCaT) and fibroblasts (NIH-3T3), their in-vitro biocompatibility was determined through the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) test; Further, Cu-Fe-Zn alloy microfilament dressing was applied to the wound surface of diabetes mice to test the biocompatibility of the material in vivo; Through a prospective randomized controlled trial, 50 burn and trauma patients admitted to the Burn and Plastic Surgery Department of the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were selected and divided into an observation group of 25 patients and a control group of 25 patients. The observation group was treated with Cu-Fe-Zn alloy microfilament dressing, and the control group was treated with silver nanoparticle antibacterial dressing. The wound healing time and wound treatment effect of the two groups were compared.Results:The Cu 2+ release concentration of Cu-Fe-Zn alloy microfilament dressings detected by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was 1.3 μ g/ml, which had the effect of promoting the proliferation of HaCaT and NIH-3T3 cells (all P<0.05). The antibacterial rate of Cu-Fe-Zn alloy microfilament dressing against pseudomonas aeruginosa, escherichia coli and staphylococcus aureus reached 100%. The wound healing rate [(87.39±1.83)%] of diabetes mice treated with Cu-Fe-Zn alloy microfilament dressing was significantly higher than that of the control group [(58.66±3.54)%, P<0.05]. The inflammatory response of the wound tissue was relatively mild and the wound margin matrix was intact. The wound healing time of 25 patients treated with Cu-Fe-Zn alloy microfilament dressing [(23.52±10.02)d] was shorter than that of the control group [(40.84±21.22)d] ( t=17.159, P<0.001), and the overall treatment response rate of patients (96%) was significantly higher than that of the control group patients (64%) (χ 2=8.472, P=0.015). Conclusions:Cu-Fe-Zn alloy microfilament dressings have good antibacterial properties and biocompatibility, and have significant therapeutic effects on promoting wound healing. They not only effectively promote wound healing but also exert anti infection effects, and are expected to be a new type of wound repair dressing.

12.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e381623, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1439108

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Bone repair aims to restore the anatomical, biomechanical, and functional integrity of the affected structure. Here we study the effects of ascorbic acid (AA) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) applied in a single dose and in combination on the repair of a noncritical bone defect model. Methods: Twenty-four rats were divided into four groups: an intact G-1 control group, and three groups that underwent a noncritical bone defect in the right tibia: G-2 treated with AA, G-3 treated with EGF, and G-4 treated with AA in combination with EGF. After 21 days of treatment, rats were sacrificed, the tibias were dissected and a destructive biomechanical analysis of three-point flexion test was performed in a universal testing machine; the values of stiffness, resistance, maximum energy, and energy at maximum load were statistically compared. Results: G-3 and G-4 recovered the biomechanical properties of strength and stiffness of an intact tibia 3 weeks after their application. Not so the energy and energy at maximum load. For G-2, only the stiffness of an intact tibia was recovered. Conclusion: EGF and AA-EGF applied to a noncritical bone defect in the rat tibia favors the recovery of bone resistance and stiffness.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ascorbic Acid/analysis , Tibia/surgery , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Epidermal Growth Factor/drug effects , Biomechanical Phenomena , Orthopedic Procedures/methods
13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 263-268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993437

ABSTRACT

Intervertebral disc degeneration is the most common cause of chronic low back pain and the leading cause of disability in adults. The fact that lacking of effective treatment methods often causes a serious economic and social burden. Intervertebral disc degeneration is the result of multifactorial factors. The prevalence of intervertebral disc degeneration increases drastically with age, what is more, mechanical trauma, genetic predisposition,lifestyle factors and certain metabolic disorders. At present, the main treatment methods both pharmacological and surgical interventions just aim at relieving symptoms and improving function, and can not fundamentally reverse the process of intervertebral disc degeneration, which not only bring inevitable side effects and high cost, but also the long-term curative effect is limited. In theory, biological therapy can not only reverse or delay the process of it, but also can maximize preservation and restore the normal physiological function of the disc, which has been the focus and hot spot areas of research in recent years. The methods of inhibiting inflammation, promote the proliferation and division of residual cells, stem cell transplantation, cell scaffolds and new biomaterials all provide new ideas and direction for the treatment of intervertebral disc degeneration. This paper makes a review of the research progress in related fields, in order to provide a valuable reference for the selection of intervertebral disc degeneration treatment options.

14.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e380623, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1419861

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the in vivo efficiency of commercial polymeric membranes for guided bone regeneration. Methods: Rat calvarial critical size defects was treated with LuminaCoat (LC), Surgitime PTFE (SP), GenDerm (GD), Pratix (PR), Techgraft (TG) or control (C-) and histomorphometric analysis determined the percentage of new bone, connective tissue and biomaterial at 1 or 3 months. Statistical analysis used ANOVA with Tukey's post-test for means at same experimental time and the paired Student's t test between the two periods, considering p < 0.05. Results: New bone at 1 month was higher for SP, TG and C-, at 3 months there were no differences, and between 1 and 3 months PR had greater increase growthing. Connective tissue at 1 month was higher for C-, at 3 months for PR, TG and C-, and between 1 and 3 months C- had sharp decline. Biomaterial at 1 month was higher for LC, in 3 months for SP and TG, and between 1 and 3 months, LC, GD and TG had more decreasing mean. Conclusion: SP had greater osteopromotive capacity and limitation of connective ingrowth, but did not exhibit degradation. PR and TG had favorable osteopromotion, LC less connective tissue and GD more accelerated biodegradation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Polymers/therapeutic use , Skull/abnormalities , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Bone Regeneration , Collagen , Guided Tissue Regeneration/veterinary
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e380023, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1419864

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been used to stimulate the healing of the fresh fracture, delayed union, and non-union in both animal and clinical studies. Besides, biphasic calcium phosphate ceramic (BCP) is a promising biomaterial for bone repair as it shows favorable biocompatibility, osteoinduction, and osteoconduction. However, scarcity is known about the combined effect of LIPUS and BCP on bone formation. Methods: The combined effect of LIPUS and BCP was studied in a beagle model. Twelve dogs were used. BCP granules without any additions were implanted into bilateral erector spinae muscles. One side is the BCP group, while the counterlateral side is LIPUS + BCP group. Histological and histomorphometric analyses, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were evaluated. Results: Compared with BCP alone, the LIPUS + BCP showed no advantages in early bone formation. Furthermore, the Notch signaling pathway-related mRNA has no significant difference between the two groups. Conclusions: The preliminary results showed that the BCP, which has intrinsic osteoinduction nature, was an effective and promising material. However, LIPUS has no enhanced effect in BCP induced ectopic bone formation. Furthermore, LIPUS has no effect on the Notch signaling pathway. Whether costly LIPUS could be used in combination with BCP should be a rethink.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Osteogenesis/physiology , Ultrasonic Therapy/veterinary , Biocompatible Materials , Ceramics/analysis
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e383823, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1513539

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate inflammatory response in critical bone injuries after implantation of the biomaterial composed of hydroxyapatite (HA)/poly (lactic-coglycolic acid) (PLGA)/BLEED. Methods: Forty-eight male Wistar rats (280 ± 20 grams) were divided into two groups: control group (CG), in which the animals do not receive any type of treatment; and biomaterial group (BG), in which the animals received the HA/PLGA/BLEED scaffold. Critical bone injury was induced in the medial region of the skull calotte with the aid of a trephine drill 8 mm in diameter. The biomaterial was implanted in the form of 1.5-mm thick scaffolds. Serum and calotte were collected at one, three and seven days. Results: Biomaterial had a significant effect on the morphological structure of the bone, accelerating osteoblast activation within three days, without causing exacerbated systemic inflammation. In addition, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis showed that BG induced upregulation of osteogenic genes such as runt-related transcription factor 2, and stimulated genes of inflammatory pathways such as tumor necrosis factor-α, on the first day without overexpressing genes related to bone matrix degradation, such as tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 and matrix metalloproteinase-9. Conclusions: The HA/PLGA/BLEED® association can be used as a bone graft to aid bone repair, as it is capable of modulating expression of important genes at this stage of the repair process.

17.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 212-216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989435

ABSTRACT

Platelet-rich fibrin(PRF), a second-generation of platelet concentrate with stereo fibrin structure, leukocyte and platelets, can release various cytokines and growth factors to promote wound healing. PRF has been widely used in the treatment of various acute and chronic wounds in traumatic surgery, plastic surgery and stomatology. Chronic wounds are common in traumatic surgery, but conventional treatment is often ineffective. Accumulating evidences have confirmed that PRF has excellent therapeutic effect on chronic wounds. According to various methods such as different specimen, centrifugation, centrifuge tube material, and freeze-drying, the researchers tried to improve the efficiency of PRF. The progress of platelet-rich fibrin preparation technology and preservation technology are reviewed in this paper.

18.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e385323, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1519879

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The angiogenic, osteogenic and anti-inflammatory activity of latex of Hancornia speciosa has been evidenced and indicates pharmacological potential with great applicability in the health area, especially in the wound healing process. The present work aimed to compare the effects of the H. speciosa macroporous latex biomembrane with saline on wound healing. Methods: Forty-three Wistar rats were submitted to excisional wound induction procedure and divided into groups according to treatment: saline (G1), and macroporous biomembrane (G2). The animals were euthanized at three, seven, 14, and 21 days after injury induction (DAI), and three animals were used for the debridement test. Morphometric, macroscopic, and microscopic analyses of general pathological processes were performed. Results: The macroporous biomembrane minimized necrosis and inflammation during the inflammatory and proliferative phases of the healing process, confirmed by the lower intensity of the crust and the debridement effect. In addition, the wounds treated with the macroporous biomembrane presented greater contraction rates in all the experimental periods analyzed. Conclusions: The macroporous biomembrane presents angiogenic, anti-inflammatory and debridement effects, contributing to the healing process, and can be considered a potentially promising new biomaterial to be used as a dressing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Wound Healing , Biocompatible Materials , Apocynaceae , Debridement , Anti-Inflammatory Agents
19.
Rev. bras. queimaduras ; 22(2): 41-46, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552859

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Descrever a trajetória de desenvolvimento dos curativos biológicos oriundos de pele de tilápia (Oreochromis niloticus) em glicerol e liofilizada para uso em cirurgias externas e, posteriormente, uma matriz proteica acelular (scaffold) para uso interno. RESULTADOS: A pele de tilapia no glicerol e liofilizada foi aplicada com sucesso em mais de 550 pacientes queimados. A pele de tilápia liofilizada obteve sucesso no tratamento de 53 mulheres em vaginoplastias, em 160 pacientes na redesignação sexual e na preparação do leito da ferida na autoenxertia em 15 portadores da Síndrome de Apert. O scaffold está sendo empregado na oftalmologia na medicina veterinária na reconstrução de córnea em 420 cães, nas duroplastias na neurocirurgia nos testes em animais, e em estudos para uso cirúrgico em 10 especialidades médicas. CONCLUSÕES: O curativo de pele de tilápia supera desafios do tratamento de queimados do Brasil. É barato, biossustentável, efetivo e reduz a dor do paciente, propiciando melhores resultados com potencial redução de custos, contribuindo para a qualidade de vida dos pacientes. O sucesso da pesquisa confirma a pele de tilápia como um novo biomaterial de grande potencial em medicina regenerativa.


OBJECTIVE: To describe the development trajectory of biological dressings made from tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) skin in glycerol and freeze-dried for use in external surgeries and, subsequently, an acellular protein matrix (scaffold) for internal use. RESULTS: Tilapia skin in glycerol and freeze-dried was successfully applied to more than 550 burn patients. Freeze-dried tilapia skin was successful in the treatment of 53 women undergoing vaginoplasty, in 160 patients in sexual reassignment and in preparing the wound bed in self-grafting in 15 patients with Apert Syndrome. The scaffold is being used in ophthalmology, veterinary medicine in corneal reconstruction in 420 dogs, in duraplasty in neurosurgery in animal tests, and in studies for surgical use in 10 medical specialties. CONCLUSIONS: The tilapia skin dressing overcomes challenges in treating burns in Brazil. It is cheap, biosustainable, effective and reduces patient pain, providing better results with potential cost reduction, contributing to patients' quality of life. The success of the research confirms tilapia skin as a new biomaterial with great potential in regenerative medicine.

20.
Rev. bras. queimaduras ; 22(2): 47-54, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552880

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Produzir um scaffold baseado em matriz extracelular (SMEC) biocompatível, atóxico e estéril, para tratamento de queimaduras e feridas. Explorou-se a utilização da pele de tilápia como alternativa, ressaltando suas propriedades semelhantes à pele humana e sua aplicação bem-sucedida em diferentes áreas médicas. MÉTODO: Descreve o processo de preparação dos SMEC de pele de tilápia, incluindo etapas de desengorduramento, descontaminação, descelularização e irradiação por raios gama a 25kGy para esterilização. São realizados testes laboratoriais para avaliar a toxicidade celular in vitro pelo método do MTT, análises histológicas com coloração de hematoxilina-eosina, análises microbiológicas e de quantificação de DNA. RESULTADOS: Destacam que os SMEC produzidos foram descelularizados de maneira eficaz, preservando a matriz extracelular e mostrando-se não citotóxicos. Além disso, a análise microbiológica evidenciou a esterilidade dos materiais após a irradiação, comprovando sua adequação para aplicação clínica. A quantificação de DNA revelou a efetividade da descelularização, reduzindo significativamente o conteúdo de DNA original do tecido. CONCLUSÕES: Foi possível o desenvolvimento de uma matriz oriunda da pele de tilápia, sendo ela não citotóxica, estéril, portadora de morfologia adequada para aplicação clínica e acelular. Assim, contribuindo para inovação da ciência brasileira.


OBJECTIVE: To produce a biocompatible, non-toxic, and sterile scaffold based on extracellular matrix (ECM) for the treatment of burns and wounds. The utilization of tilapia skin was explored as an alternative, highlighting its similar properties to human skin and its successful application in different medical areas. METHODS: The process of preparing tilapia skin-derived ECM scaffolds is described, including steps of degreasing, decontamination, decellularization, and gamma ray irradiation at 25kGy for sterilization. Laboratory tests were conducted to assess in vitro cellular toxicity using the MTT method, histological analyses with hematoxylin-eosin staining, microbiological analyses, and DNA quantification. RESULTS: It is emphasized that the produced ECM scaffolds were effectively decellularized, preserving the extracellular matrix and demonstrating non-cytotoxicity. Furthermore, microbiological analysis evidenced the sterility of the materials after irradiation, confirming their suitability for clinical application. DNA quantification revealed the effectiveness of decellularization, significantly reducing the original DNA content of the tissue. CONCLUSIONS: The development of a tilapia skin-derived matrix was achieved, which is non-cytotoxic, sterile, possesses suitable morphology for clinical application, and is acellular. Thus, contributing to the innovation of Brazilian science.

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