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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the expression of immunoglobulin mucin molecule 3 (TIM-3) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and the effects of TIM-3 knockdown and overexpression on proliferation and migration of ovarian cancer cells.@*METHODS@#We analyzed TIM-3 expression in EOC and normal ovarian tissues using GEPIA database. We also detected TIM-3 expression levels in 82 surgical specimens of EOC and 18 specimens of normal ovarian tissues using immunohistochemistry, and analyzed the correlation of TIM-3 expression with clinicopathological parameters and survival outcomes of the patients. The expression of TIM-3 and Wnt1 mRNA in the tissues were detected using qRT-PCR. We constructed SKOV3 cell models of TIM-3 knockdown and overexpression and examined the changes in proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of the cells using MTT assay, Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, scratch test and Transwell assay. The activity of Wnt/β-catenin pathway in the transfected was detected using dual luciferase reporter assay, and the mRNA levels of TCF-7, TCCFL-2 and CD44 were detected using qPCR. The protein expressions of MMP-9, CD44, Wnt1, β-catenin and E-cad in the transfected cells were detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The positive expression rate of TIM-3 was significantly higher in EOC tissues than in normal ovarian tissues (P < 0.05). The expression of TIM-3 was significantly correlated with FIGO stage, histological differentiation and lymph node metastasis, and was positively correlated with Wnt1 level (P < 0.05). In SKOV3 cells, TIM-3 knockdown significantly lowered the activity of Wnt/ β-catenin pathway, inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and promoted cell apoptosis. TIM-3 knockdown significantly down-regulated the mRNA levels of TCF-7, TCFL-2 and CD44 and the protein levels of MMP-9, CD44, Wnt1 and β-catenin, and significantly up-regulated the expression level of E-cad (P < 0.05). Overexpression of TIM-3 caused opposite effects in SKOV3 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#TIM-3 is highly expressed in EOC tissue to promote malignant behaviors of the tumor cells possibly by activating the Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2/metabolism , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941019

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of atorvastatin (AVT) on biological behaviors and the miR-146a/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in human glioma cells.@*METHODS@#Human glioma U251 cells were treated with 8.0 μmol/L AVT or transfected with a miR-146a inhibitor or a negative control fragment (miR-146a NC) prior to AVT treatment. RT-PCR was used to detect miR-146a expression in the cells, and the changes in cell proliferation rate, apoptosis, cell invasion and migration were detected using MTT assay, flow cytometry, and Transwell assay. Western blotting was performed to detect the changes in cellular expressions of proteins in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#AVT treatment for 48 h resulted in significantly increased miR-146a expression and cell apoptosis (P < 0.01) and obviously lowered the cell proliferation rate, invasion index, migration index, and expressions of p-PI3K and p-Akt protein in U251 cells (P < 0.01). Compared with AVT treatment alone, transfection with miR-146a inhibitor prior to AVT treatment significantly reduced miR-146a expression and cell apoptosis (P < 0.01), increased the cell proliferation rate, promoted cell invasion and migration, and enhanced the expressions of p-PI3K and p-Akt proteins in the cells (P < 0.01); these effects were not observed following transfection with miR-146a NC group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#AVT can inhibit the proliferation, invasion and migration and promote apoptosis of human glioma cells possibly by up-regulating miR-146a expression and inhibiting the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Atorvastatin/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Glioma/pathology , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 580-586, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807222

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of metastasis associated 1 (MTA1) on biological characteristics such as migration, invasion and proliferation of gastric cancer (GC) cells.@*Methods@#pSilencer3.1-MTA1-siRNA vector was used to establish human gastric cancer BGC-823 cell lines with constitutive MTA1-knockdown. Boyden, wound healing, clony forming assay and 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay were performed to identify the effects of MTA1-deficiency on the biological behaviors of BGC-823 cells in vitro. Simultaneously, MTA1 overexpressed BGC-823 cell line was established by pcDNA3-MTA1 plasmid transfection for reverse verification. In addition, the role of MTA1 in the tumorigenicity of gastric cancer BGC823 cells in vivo was examined by subcutaneous injection of BGC-823 cells expressing different MTA1 levels into nude mice. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot were used to detect the expression levels of integrin β1, cyclin D1 and uPAR in pSilencer3.1-MTA1-siRNA, pcDNA3-MTA1 transfected cells and control cells.@*Results@#MTA1 knocked down or upregulated BGC-823 cell lines were successfully generated by transfecting pSilencer3.1-MTA1-siRNA or pcDNA3-MTA1 vector with lipofectamine 2000, respectively. The Boyden and wound healing experiments showed metastasis and invasion ability in MTA1 knocked down cells (25±2, 12±1) were significantly decreased when compared with those of control (78±2, 50±2) and MTA1-overexpressed groups (218±2, 269±3; P<0.05). The results of MTT assay and colony forming assay were significantly decreased when compared with those of showed that MTA1 overexpressed cells grew more rapidly and formed more colonies in vitro and induced worse malignant tumors in vivo, while MTA1 knocked down cells presented the reversed phenotype[control group (1 482.41±511.90) mm3, (1.39±0.29)g; MTA1 overexpressed group [(3 158.73±1 823.22) mm3, (2.23±0.51)g; MTA1-downregulated group (711.32±284.30)mm3, (0.87±0.21) g ; P<0.05)]. In addition, RT-PCR result showed that the expression level of MTA1 was positively correlated with the known metastasis-related genes (integrinβ1, cyclinD1, uPAR).@*Conclusions@#MTA1 promotes the invasion, migration and proliferation of human gastric cancer BGC-823 cells. On the contrary, down-regulation of MTA1 significantly inhibits tumorigenicity of BGC-823 cells and induces favorable phenotypes. MTA1 may promote the malignant phenotype of BGC-23 cells via regulating the expressions of integrinβ1, cyclinD1 and uPAR.

4.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 201-204,209, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606324

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of miR-29s in the glioma stem cells,and explore how the members of miR-29s affect the bio-logical behaviors of glioma stem cells. Methods Eight patient specimens were used to culture glioma stem cells. Real-time PCR was adopted to test the expression of miR-29s. CCK-8 analysis was performed to test the proliferation ,Transwell was used to test cell migration and invasion ,and flow-cytometry analysis was carried out to test apoptosis. Results miR-29a,miR-29b and miR-29c were decreased in glioma stem cells. Over-ex-pression of miR-29s could inhibit the proliferation,cell migration and invasion,but promote apoptosis of glioma stem cells. Conclusion miR-29s acts as a cancer suppressor gene in the glioma stem cells ,and miR-29a plays the dominant functional role in the family.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603621

ABSTRACT

Voltage-gated sodium channels are highly expressed in exciting cells,and play an important role in the depolarization of the membrane potential and the secretion and release of neurotransmitters.The recent research showed that the voltage gated sodium channels are highly expressed in colon cancer,breast cancer,prostate cancer and non-small cell lung cancer,and are closely associated with tumor proliferation,invasion,metastasis and other malignant biological behaviors.However,the mechanisms by which the ion channels regulate the biological behaviors and how the ion channels are mediated are still not clear.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789662

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The high level of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) is thought to slow down the healing of diabetic foot ulcers. Whether it can influence the biological behaviors of skin fibroblasts and affect wound healing is stillunclear. The present study aimed to observe changes in the biological behaviors of rat dermal fibroblasts induced by high expression of MMP9 and to clarify the possible mechanisms of wound healing for diabetic foot. METHODS:A cellmodel of skin fibroblast with high expression of MMP9 was established by co-culture of high glucose (22.0 mmol/L) and homocysteine (100 μmol/L). A control group was incubated with normal glucose (5.5 mmol/L). Realtime PCR, ELISA and gelatin zymography were used to detect the MMP9 mRNA, protein expression and activity of MMP9. Flow cytometry, CCK-8, ELISA assay, scratch test and transwellwere used to detect cellproliferation, viability, collagen (hydroxyproline) secretion, horizontal migration and vertical migration of cells. The data were expressed as mean±SD. P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS:The expression of MMP9 mRNA, protein levels and the activity of MMP9 were much higher in the high MMP9 group than in the control group (7.05±1.02 vs. 1.00±0.00, 206.9±33.6 pg/mL vs. 40.4±5.9 pg/mL, and 1.47±0.13 vs. 0.57±0.12, respectively,P<0.01). The proportion of S-phase cells, proliferation index, cellviability, collagen (hydroxyproline) secretion, horizontal migration rate and the number of vertical migration cells were lower in the high MMP9 group than in the control group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION:Fibroblasts with a high expression of MMP9 decreased proliferation, activity, secretion and migration of collagens, suggesting that MMP9 may inhibit the biological behaviors of fibroblasts.

7.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-162262

ABSTRACT

The main aim of this review is to provide an overview of the foliar fertilization studies in Bulgaria, comparing them with current research trends and to indicate future benefits of foliar nutrient spray investigations and their importance for agronomic science and practice. The application of foliar sprays is an important crop management strategy, which may help maximizing crop yield and quality. Foliar fertilization is used as a means of supplying supplemental doses of macro- and micro-nutrients, plant hormones, stimulants, and other beneficial substances. Observed effects of foliar fertilization have included yield increases, resistance to diseases and insect pests, improved drought tolerance, and enhanced crop quality. Plant response is dependent on species, fertilizer form, concentration, and frequency of application, as well as the stage of plant growth. Foliar applications are often timed to meet the demand of nutrients at specific vegetative or fruiting stages of growth, and the fertilizer formula is adjusted accordingly. Applications may also be used to aid plants recovering from transplant shock, hail damage, and other damaging environmental conditions. It is proposed that this treatment should be recommended in integrated plant production, because it is more environmentally friendly and may increase productivity and quality of crops. In the present paper, a brief review of the research on foliar fertilization, the advantages of this fertilization method and applied foliar fertilization of vegetables studies in Bulgaria are discussed. It is concluded that foliar fertilization has a definite place in vegetable crop production and that foliar nutrient sprays will be widely used in the future.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419414

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of high matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP 9 ) on the biological behaviors of fibroblasts,in order to clarify the possible mechanisms in the wound healing of diabetic foot.Methods Establish the cell model of skin fibroblast with high expression of MMP 9 by high glucose (22.0 mmol/L) and high homocysteine (100 μmol/L) co-culture.Control group was incubated with normal glucose (5.5 mmol/L).Realtime PCR,ELISA and gelatin zymography were used to detect the MMP 9 mRNA,protein expression and activity of MMP 9.Flow cytometry,CCK-8,ELISA assay,scratch test and transwell were used to detect cell proliferation,viability,collagen (hydroxyproline) secretion,horizontal migration and vertical migration of cells.Results Data were expressed as (x- ± s).Differences were considered significant if their P value was < 0.05.Results The expression of MMP 9 mRNA,protein levels and the activity of MMP 9 in high MMP 9 group were 6.05 folds,4.12 folds and 1.58 folds higher than those in control group (P < 0.01,respectively).The proportion of S phase cells,proliferation index,cell viability,collagen (hydroxyproline) secretion,6 h horizontal migration rate and the number of vertical migration cells in high MMP9 group decreased by 29.8 %,18.1%,23.3 %,68.7 %,45.0 % and 21.4 % than those in control group (P < 0.01,respectively ). Conclusions Fibroblast with high expression of MMP 9 have decreased proliferation,activity,collagen secretion and reduced migration,which suggests that MMP 9 may inhibit the biological behaviors of fibroblasts.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-557199

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of telomere seeding on the biological behaviors of gastric cancer cell line and its mechanism. Methods The plasmid pSXneo-1.6-T2AG3, containing telomere fragment, was prepared in large scale and transfected into gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 by LipofectAMINTM 2000. G418 was used to scan the positive clones and PCR was preformed to verify the stable seeding of the exogenous telomere in cell. MTT aassay and flow cytometry were used to determine the growth and cycle distribution of cells. The expression of cell cycle-related genes was detected by RT-PCR. Results Both pSXneo-1.6-T2AG3 eukaryonic expressing vector be inserted with telomere TTAGGG fragments and control vector were transfected into gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 with LipofectamineTM 2000 and gain clones through G418 selection respectively, which were named as SGC-7901-telo and SGC-7901-neo. The cells were examined on DNA level by PCR to determine the correction of transfection. Flow cytometric analysis displayed an accumulation in G1M and G2M phase of cell cycle and an decreased percentage in S phase and proliferative index. Expression of p21 mRNA in 7901-telo cell line was increased (P0.05). Conclusion The pSX-T2AG3-neo eukaryonic expressing vector be inserted with 1600bp telomere TTAGGG fragments was successfully transfected into gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 with the help of LipofectamineTM 2000. The seeding decreased malignant phenotypes of gastric cancer cell line and up-regulated the expression of p21, but the seeding did not distinctly influence on caspase3 mRNA expression.

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