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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 657-670, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399317

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo desenvolver e validar um instrumento de avaliação das medidas de Biossegurança adotadas pelos bombeiros militares, para a contenção dos agentes biológicos frente a um evento de bioterrorismo. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo descritivo de abordagem quantitativa, de desenvolvimento metodológico e do tipo de validação de conteúdo de um instrumento de avaliação. O estudo foi dividido nas fases de desenvolvimento e validação do instrumento. Para o desenvolvimento do instrumento foram feitas revisões da literatura e para a validação do instrumento foi utilizado o método Delphi. Para o estudo foram incluídos 6 juízes que avaliaram o instrumento através da escala numérica tipo Likert. Resultados: Os juízes avaliaram que o instrumento proposto está bem estruturado, possuindo boa clareza e coesão de escrita, com aplicabilidade no campo de estudo e de grande relevância, principalmente em vista a ausência desse tipo de instrumento para a população de bombeiros militares. Para avaliar a concordância entre os juízes foi utilizado o índice de Validade de Conteúdo, que alcançou 98% de concordância e o Índice de Fidedignidade Interavaliadores, que alcançou os conceitos bom e muito bom, mostrando baixa variância das respostas dos juízes, sendo estatisticamente válido. Conclusão: O estudo descreveu o processo de construção e validação do instrumento, provando ser apropriado e confiável para ser utilizado.


Objective: This study aimed to develop and validate an instrument to assess the Biosafety measures adopted by firefighters, for the containment of biological agents in the face of a bioterrorism event. Methods: This is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach, methodological development, and the type of content validation of an assessment instrument. The study was divided into instrument development and validation phases. For the development of the instrument, literature reviews were conducted and for the instrument validation, the Delphi method was used. For the study, 6 judges were included who evaluated the instrument using the Likert-type numerical scale. Results: The judges evaluated that the proposed instrument is well structured, with good clarity and cohesion of writing, with applicability in the field of study and of great relevance, especially considering the absence of this type of instrument for the military firefighter population. To evaluate the agreement between the judges, we used the Content Validity Index which reached 98% of agreement and the Interrate agreement, which reached the concepts good and very good, showing low variance of the judges' answers, being statistically valid. Conclusion: The study described the process of construction and validation of the instrument, proving to be appropriate and reliable to be used.


Objetivo: Este estudio tenía como objetivo desarrollar y validar un instrumento para evaluar las medidas de bioseguridad adoptadas por los bomberos militares para contener los agentes biológicos durante un evento de bioterrorismo. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo de abordaje cuantitativo, de desarrollo metodológico y del tipo de validación de contenido de un instrumento de evaluación. El estudio se dividió en las fases de desarrollo y validación del instrumento. Para la elaboración del instrumento se realizaron revisiones bibliográficas y para la validación del mismo se utilizó el método Delphi. Para el estudio se incluyeron 6 jueces que evaluaron el instrumento mediante una escala numérica tipo Likert. Resultados: Los jueces evaluaron que el instrumento propuesto está bien estructurado, poseyendo buena claridad y cohesión de redacción, con aplicabilidad en el campo de estudio y de gran relevancia, especialmente en vista de la ausencia de este tipo de instrumento para la población de bomberos militares. Se utilizó el Índice de Validez de Contenido para evaluar la concordancia entre los jueces, alcanzando un 98% de acuerdo y el Índice de Fiabilidad Inter-registrador, que alcanzó conceptos buenos y muy buenos, mostrando una baja varianza en las respuestas de los jueces, siendo estadísticamente válido. Conclusión: El estudio describió el proceso de construcción y validación del instrumento, demostrando ser apropiado y confiable para ser utilizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Containment of Biohazards/methods , Firefighters/education , Bioterrorism/prevention & control , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Validation Studies as Topic , Biological Factors , Delphi Technique , Military Personnel/education
2.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(1): 100-107, jun, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1381303

ABSTRACT

Los estudiantes de medicina pueden estar expuestos a infecciones graves relacionadas con la atención de la salud si no siguen las medidas de prevención y control. Hay información limitada sobre el conocimiento y la percepción de los estudiantes de medicina con respecto a la bioseguridad y los enfoques educativos utilizados para enseñarles estas prácticas. El objetivo fue evaluar el conocimiento y la percepción de los estudiantes de medicina hacia las prácticas básicas de bioseguridad. Una encuesta descriptiva y transversal basada en entrevistas incluyó a 120 estudiantes de medicina de la Universidad Regional Autónoma de los Andes, Ecuador. Los estudiantes completaron un cuestionario sobre el conocimiento y la percepción con respecto a las prácticas de bioseguridad. El conocimiento de los estudiantes se evaluó por sus respuestas correctas a las preguntas del instrumento. El 57,5% de los estudiantes cumplen con las medidas de bioseguridad. La mayoría de los estudiantes perciben alto de riesgo de exposición a través de diferentes rutas con distintos patógenos, el argumento mayormente reportado fue el que puede ocurrir un accidente. Se observó que 81(67,5%) de los estudiantes mostraron tener conocimiento adecuado sobre bioseguridad, mientras que 39 demostraron lo contrario. El conocimiento sobre la bioseguridad fue bueno aunque se necesita más énfasis para mejorar su conocimiento en secciones como la técnica de colocación de guantes, momento de colocarse el gorro y qué es una sustancia antiséptica. Los cursos de Prevención y Control de Infecciones se pueden impartir a partir de su primer año de educación universitaria(AU)


Medical students can be exposed to serious health care-associated infections, if they are not following prevention and control measures. There is limited information on medical students' knowledge and perception of biosafety and the educational approaches used to teach these practices. The objective was to evaluate the knowledge and perception of medical students towards basic biosafety practices. A descriptive and cross-sectional, interview-based survey included 120 medical students from the Autonomous Regional University of the Andes, Ecuador. The students completed a questionnaire on knowledge and perception regarding biosafety practices. The knowledge of the students was evaluated by their correct answers to the questions of the instrument. 57.5% of students comply with biosafety measures. Most of the students perceive a high risk of exposure through different routes with different pathogens, the most reported argument was that an accident can occur. It was observed that 81 (67.5%) of the students showed adequate knowledge about biosafety, while 39 showed the opposite. Biosafety knowledge was good although more emphasis is needed to improve their knowledge in sections such as gloving technique, time to put on the cap and what is an antiseptic substance. Infection Prevention and Control courses can be taught beginning in your first year of college education(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infection Control , Containment of Biohazards/methods , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Personal Protective Equipment , Students, Medical , Universities , Surveys and Questionnaires , Ecuador
3.
Investig. psicol. (La Paz, En línea) ; (27): 63-79, jun. 2022. ilus., graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385982

ABSTRACT

Resumen La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar los niveles de percepción de riesgo frente al virus del Covid-19. El estudio se realizó con una muestra de 148 estudiantes de la carrera de psicología de la Universidad Mayor de San Andrés (UMSA) La Paz-Bolivia. Se aplicó una escala: Percepción de Riesgo frente al covid-19, el cual se sometió a un análisis estadístico del tipo descriptivo. Los resultados muestran que la mayoría de los participantes presentan una percepción del riesgo, alta y media, frente a la enfermedad y sus consecuencias, destacándose el temor a la muerte de un familiar o enfermad gravemente. Se concluye que existe una tendencia a percibir el covid-19 como una enfermad que pone en riesgo la vida propia y los demás, sin embargo, se presentan dificultades relacionadas con conductas de protección que reduzcan la probabilidad de contagio.


Abstract The objective of this research was to determine the levels of risk perception of the covid-19 virus. The study was carried out with a sample of 148 psychology students of the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés (UMSA) La Paz-Bolivia. A scale was applied: Risk Perception against covid-19, which was subjected to a descriptive statistical analysis. The results show that most of the participants have a high and medium risk perception of the disease and its consequences, especially the fear of death of a family member or serious illness. It is concluded that there is a tendency to perceive covid-19 as a disease that puts one's own life and the lives of others at risk; however, there are difficulties related to protective behaviors that reduce the probability of contagion.


Resumo O objectivo desta investigação era determinar os níveis de percepção de risco em relação ao vírus covid-19. O estudo foi realizado com uma amostra de 148 estudantes de psicologia da Universidad Mayor de San Andrés (UMSA) La Paz-Bolívia. Foi aplicada uma escala: Percepção do Risco em frente da covid-19, que foi sujeita a uma análise estatística descritiva. Os resultados mostram que a maioria dos participantes tem uma percepção de risco elevado e médio da doença e das suas consequências, destacando-se o medo da morte de um membro da família ou de uma doença grave. Conclui-se que existe uma tendência para perceber a covid-19 como uma doença que coloca a própria vida e a vida dos outros em risco; contudo, existem dificuldades relacionadas com comportamentos protectores que reduzem a probabilidade de contágio.


Subject(s)
Students , COVID-19 , Protective Factors
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385876

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: A finales del año 2019, el mundo se detuvo debido al escenario pandémico afectado por el virus SARS- CoV-2. La COVID-19 es una enfermedad contagiosa con un alto grado de propagación que ha provocado un brote de contaminación y letalidad en poco tiempo. Con eso, hubo la paralización de varios sectores que provocara una aglomeración, incluyendo todas las Universidades de Odontología. De esa forma, el objetivo del presente estudio fue realizar un estudio bibliográfico acerca de las nuevas reglas de bioseguridad, para la reanudación de las actividades en las clínicas escuela del curso de odontología, frente al nuevo escenario mundial. Presentando las estrategias para reanudar las actividades prácticas clinico-laboratoriales de los cursos de odontología, así como analizar los cambios realizados en infraestructura, nuevos protocolos de bioseguridad y si están de acuerdo con las reglas preconizadas por la Associação Brasileira de Ensino Odontológico (ABENO) y la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica de los últimos 2 años, contemplando los descriptores: Bioseguridad, COVID-19, Odontología, Universidades. Se seleccionaron estudios que abordaban el proceso de reanudación de las clases, así como normas de bioseguridad y nuevos protocolos clínico-laboratoriales. Los resultados encontrados identificaron nuevos protocolos de bioseguridad para la atención al paciente en medio de la pandemia de COVID-19, reglas y directrices divulgadas por Ministerios y Asociaciones de salud, así como los impactos causados en los estudiantes de odontología, profesionales del área y pacientes. Con eso, hubo la necesidad de cambios estructurales en las facultades y clínicas odontológicas para facilitar la realización correcta de esos nuevos protocolos. Con esta revisión, se espera que las nuevas normas de bioseguridad, estén siendo aplicadas conforme a los artículos y protocolos abordados en ese estudio, para una reanudación segura de las actividades clínico-laboratoriales en la odontología.


ABSTRACT: At the end of 2019, the world stopped because to the pandemic scenario hit by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. COVID-19 is a contagious infectious disease with a high degree of spread, which caused an outbreak of contamination and lethality in a short time. As a result there was a interruption in several sectors causing an agglomeration, including all the Universities of Dentistry. Thus, the objective of this study was to carry out a bibliographic survey about the new biosafety rules, for the resumption of activities in the school clinics of the dentistry course, in light of the new world scenario. Presenting the strategies for resuming clinical laboratory the practical activities of dentistry courses, as well as analyzing the changes made in infrastructure, new biosafety protocols in accordance with the rules advocated by the Brazilian Association of Dental Education (ABENO) and the Organization World Health Organization (WHO). A bibliographic search of the last 2 years was performed, including the following descriptors: Biosafety, COVID-19, Dentistry, Universities. Studies addressed the process of resuming classes were selected, as well as biosafety standards and new clinical-laboratory protocols. The results identified new biosafety protocols for patient care in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, rules and guidelines issued by Ministries and Health Associations, as well as the impacts caused on dentistry students, professionals and patients. Thus, there was a need for structural changes in schools and dental clinics in order to facilitate the correct realization of these new protocols. It is expected that the new biosafety standards addressed in the articles reviewed, are applied for a safe resumption of clinical-laboratory activities in dentistry.

5.
j. public health epidemiol. (jphe) ; 14(3): 130-140, 2022. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1392407

ABSTRACT

Legal instruments are necessary for the regulation of programs such as the biosafety and biosecurity (BSS) system in a country, yet little information is available in this sector in Togo. The study conducted aimed to take an analytical look at the normative and regulatory environment of biosafety and biosecurity in medical biology laboratories in Togo. A documentary review was carried out on the web, in the Official Journal, and on governmental sites between January and June 2021. A total of 76 documents were initially identified and then 14 were included in the synthesis. Of the 14 texts regulating the biosafety and biosecurity sector worldwide, 10 have been ratified or are being used in Togo. In total, 05 laws and 02 decrees are in force in the area of BSS in Togo on June 30, 2021. Our study has also allowed us to highlight several activities to be regulated. The approach adopted has revealed a current deficit in terms of regulations in the area of biohazard management in Togo in a multisectoral framework. It is necessary to strengthen the existing regulatory texts by taking into account the areas required internationally.


Subject(s)
Humans , Containment of Biohazards , Biosecurity , Reference Standards , Social Control, Formal , Databases, Nucleic Acid
6.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(3): 518-525, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1397152

ABSTRACT

Las infecciones del tracto respiratorio (ITR) son una de las principales causas de morbilidad y mortalidad en todo el mundo, y representan el 4,4 % de las muertes en todas las edades. A nivel mundial, se han observado disminuciones en la mortalidad causada por las ITR después de la introducción de las vacunas conjugadas contra Haemophilus influenzae tipo b, tos ferina y neumocócica. Sin embargo, las ITR siguen siendo una de las principales causas de mortalidad entre los niños pequeños y los ancianos en los países de ingresos bajos y medios. Se planteó un estudio donde se aplicó un sistema de seguimiento que sirvan para monitorear la vigilancia de las infecciones respiratorias agudas (IRA) en servicios de salud, por laboratorio y en unidades centinela en Perú. Participaron 67 médicos generales o cirujanos de 8 servicios de pediatría. 1453 casos de las IRA fueron de etiología viral, identificando al virus sincitial respiratorio (63,94%), Influenza AH1N1 (16,59%); en el caso de las neumonías bacterianas se aislaron Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae y Streptococcus beta hemolyticus. Durante la última década de reforma del sistema de salud, Perú ha hecho de la construcción de su sistema de APS una prioridad. Sin embargo, el sistema se enfrenta actualmente a desafíos para proporcionar atención de alta calidad y valor a la población debido a deficiencias en varias dimensiones. El sistema de APS ayudará a responder a la transición epidemiológica actual y futura epidemia brotes de manera más eficaz(AU)


Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, accounting for 4.4% of deaths in all ages. Globally, declines in mortality from RTIs have been observed after the introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b, pertussis, and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines. However, RTIs remain a leading cause of mortality among young children and the elderly in low- and middle-income countries. A study was proposed where a monitoring system was applied to monitor the surveillance of acute respiratory infections (ARI) in health services, by laboratory and in sentinel units in Peru. A total of 67 general practitioners or surgeons from 8 pediatric services participated. 1453 cases of ARI were of viral aetiology, identifying the respiratory syncytial virus (63.94%), Influenza AH1N1 (16.59%); in the case of bacterial pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus beta hemolyticus were isolated. During the last decade of health system reform, Peru has made building its PHC system a priority. However, the system currently faces challenges in providing high quality and value care to the population due to deficiencies in several dimensions. The PHC system will help respond to current epidemiological transition and future epidemic outbreaks more effectively(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Respiratory Tract Infections , Health Systems , Environmental Monitoring , Vaccines, Conjugate , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Whooping Cough , Pneumonia, Bacterial , Haemophilus influenzae type b , SARS Virus , Influenza, Human
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932390

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility and applicability of using phospholipid-hybridization method for preparing biomimetic microbubbles (Bio-MBs) ultrasound contrast agents.Methods:Leukocyte biomimetic microbubbles (MB leu), platelet biomimetic microbubbles (MB pla) and erythrocyte biomimetic microbubbles (MB ery) were prepared by multiple steps: film-hydration, phospholipid-hybridization, mechanical oscillation. The size and zeta potential of Bio-MBs were measured by dynamic light scattering. A laser scanning confocal microscopy experiment was performed to confirm the presence of membrane proteins on the shell of Bio-MBs. The fluorescence of FITC-labeled typical membrane protein was evaluated using a flow cytometer. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to characterize the membrane protein. Biosafety of Bio-MBs was evaluated by CCK-8 counting kit, blood and major organs. The contrast enhancement effect and stability were observed in vitro and in vivo. An in vivo fluorescence imaging system was performed to evaluate the distribution of Bio-MBs. The application value of biomimetic microbubbles was measured by ultrasound molecular imaging by using ischemia-reperfusion rat models and acute hepatitis rat models. Results:Bio-MBs with spherical shape distributed homogenously, without obvious aggregation. The membrane proteins were successfully integrated into the shell of Bio-MBs.The diameter of three Bio-MBs was similar to that of control microbubbles (MB con) ( P>0.05), three Bio-MBs had a lower zeta potential than MB con ( P<0.05). The Bio-MBs had an appreciable performance in vitro and in vivo biosafety. The Bio-MBs retained the main proteins inherited from cell membrane. Contrast enhanced ultrasound imaging in vitro and in vivo showed that the Bio-MBs had a stable imaging ability.MB leu and MB pla have good targeted imaging effect in two disease models. Conclusions:A series of Bio-MBs ultrasound contrast agents, which have high stability, biosafety and targeted imaging efficiency, were successfully prepared by using phospholipid-hybridization method. This fabrication method for obtaining Bio-MBs can be applied to different clinical scenarios with different cell types in the future.

8.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 75(supl.1): e20201104, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341102

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the nursing professionals' biosecurity in confronting COVID-19. Methods: This is a Survey type study. Nursing professionals were invited via messaging apps, using self-applied data collection forms. The sample selection (n=693) was non-probabilistic. A descriptive data analysis was conducted. Results: considering the biosafety aspects in facing COVID-19, 79.0% of the participants had not received training or considered it insufficient, 69.3% reported the lack of personal protective equipment during work, and 81.8% did not feel safe with the internal flux adaptations for handling COVID-19 cases. Conclusion: Continuous and effective nursing team training and personal protective equipment availability are necessary, as well as internal flow adjustments for attending suspected or confirmed cases.


RESUMEN Objetivo: investigar la bioseguridad de profesionales de enfermería en el afrontamiento del COVID-19. Métodos: es un estudio tipo Survey, realizado entre profesionales de enfermería por aplicación de mensajería mediante formularios de recogida de datos autoaplicables y análisis descriptivo de los datos. La selección de la muestra (n=693) fue no probabilística. Resultados: al considerarse los aspectos de bioseguridad para el afrontamiento del COVID-19, el 79,0% de los investigadores no había recibido capacitación o la consideraba insuficiente, el 69,3% reportó falta de equipo de protección individual en los servicios y el 81,8% no se sintió seguro con las adecuaciones de los flujos internos para la atención de casos del COVID-19. Conclusión: se observa la necesidad de capacitación continua y eficaz del plantel de enfermería y la disponibilidad de equipos de protección individual, además de adecuaciones de los flujos internos para la atención de casos sospechosos o confirmados de la dolencia.


RESUMO Objetivo: investigar a biossegurança dos profissionais de enfermagem no enfrentamento da COVID-19. Métodos: trata-se de estudo do tipo Survey. Os profissionais de enfermagem foram convidados via aplicativo de mensagens, utilizando formulários de coleta de dados autoaplicáveis. A seleção amostral (n=693) foi do tipo não probabilística. Realizou-se a análise descritiva dos dados. Resultados: considerando os aspectos da biossegurança no enfrentamento da COVID-19, 79,0% dos pesquisados não receberam treinamentos ou consideraram-nos insuficientes, 69,3% relataram a falta de equipamento de proteção individual nos serviços e 81,8% não se sentiram seguros com as adequações dos fluxos internos para o atendimento de casos da COVID-19. Conclusão: observam-se a necessidade de treinamento contínuo e efetivo da equipe de enfermagem e a disponibilidade de equipamentos de proteção individual, além da necessidade de adequações dos fluxos internos para o atendimento de casos suspeitos ou confirmados da doença.

9.
Salud UNINORTE ; 37(3): 715-739, sep.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377278

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN En diciembre de 2019 se identificó por primera vez en Wuhan China el SARS-CoV-2, un nuevo tipo de coronavirus de la familia Coronaviridae del género β-CoV. El 11 de marzo del 2020 la OMS lo declara pandemia y hasta el 19 de diciembre de 2021 han sido afectados 192 países con 235 547 850 casos confirmados y 4 811 951 personas fallecidas. El SARS-CoV-2 afecta a los humanos, sin distinción de género, raza o edad, pero las personas con comorbilidades como hipertensión arterial, enfermedades cardiovasculares o diabetes Mellitus tienen peor pronóstico. Entre las rutas de transmisión de persona a persona se describen el contacto directo con mucosas y por inhalación de aerosoles o saliva. Por lo cual solo con guantes, mascarilla quirúrgica y visor como protección, los profesionales con más alto riesgo de contagio son los odontólogos, al estar en contacto directo con el paciente, con instrumental, materiales contaminados de fluidos del paciente y con los aerosoles que se generan en algunos de los procedimientos que realizan. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en PubMed, JOMOS, NIH y CDC, analizando los datos encontrados para proponer los cambios más adaptables a nuestro entorno. El objetivo de este trabajo de revisión de información reciente y relevante acerca de la atención odontológica en tiempos de SARS-CoV-2, es proponer cambios estructurales en la atención, para garantizar la bioseguridad de pacientes, personal odontológico y talento humano presente en la consulta odontológica. Teniendo en cuenta la situación ocasionada por la pandemia de SARS-CoV-2, es recomendable adaptar e implementar medidas en la atención, pertinentes al comportamiento de este virus.


ABSTRACT In December 2019, SARS-CoV-2, a new type of coronavirus of the Coronaviridae family of the β-CoV genes, was identified for the first time in Wuhan, China. On March 11th 2020, WHO declared it a pandemic, and by December 19th 2021, 192 countries have been affected, with 235 547 850 confirmed cases and 4.811.951 deaths. SARS-CoV-2 affects humans, regardless of gender, race or age, but people with comorbidities, such as high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease or diabetes Mellitus have a worse prognosis. Among the routes of transmission from person to person we find direct contact with mucous membranes, and by inhalation of aerosols or saliva. Therefore, by just using surgical masks, gloves, and protective screens, some of the professionals with the highest risk of contagion are dentists, since in addition to being in direct contact with the patient, most of the time, they are also in direct contact with the materials contaminated with the patient's fluids and aerosols, that are generated in some of the procedures. A bibliographic search was carried out in PubMed, JOMOS, NIH and CDC, to analyze the data found, in order to propose the most adaptable changes to our environment. The objective of this work is to review the most recent and relevant information about the care in dental clinics in times of SARS-CoV-2, and to propose some structural changes in dental care to guarantee the biosecurity of patients, dental staff, and human talent present at the dental clinic. Taking into consideration the health situation in the world caused by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, it is advisable to adapt and implement the correct biosafety measures in the dental care according to this virus.

10.
Rev. ABENO ; 21(1): 1062, dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1371699

ABSTRACT

Os profissionais da saúde estão expostos aos mais diversos riscos ocupacionais durante a sua jornada de trabalhoeos cirurgiões-dentistas lideram o número de acidentes com materiais biológicos. Os atendimentos por acadêmicos de odontologia os deixam expostos aos riscos ocupacionais de forma semelhante aos profissionais da área. Este estudo teve o objetivo de avaliar prevalência e características dos acidentes com instrumentais perfurocortantesentre osacadêmicos de umcurso de Odontologia. Constatou-se prevalência de 28,85%de acidentes, com o maior percentual no 5° períodode curso,principalmente nasclínicas de Cirurgia e Endodontia. Apenas 20% dos afetados relataram a ocorrênciae a sonda exploradora foi o instrumental mais envolvido.Além disso,osacidentes ocorreram de forma igual no atendimento ao pacienteelavagem do instrumental. Portanto, faz-senecessário investimento em ações educativas e normativas permanentes para conscientização de acadêmicos sobre acidentes perfurocortantes (AU).


Health professionals are exposed to the most diverse occupational risks during their workday and dentists lead the number of accidents with biological materials. The assistance provided by dental students leaves them exposed to occupational risks in a similar way to professionals in the field. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of accidents with cutting and piercing instruments among students of a Dentistry course. There was a prevalence of 28.85% of accidents, with the highest percentage in the 5th period of the course, mainly in the Surgery and Endodontics clinics. Only 20% of those affected reported the occurrence and the sickle probe was the instrument most involved. In addition, accidents occurred equally in patient care and washing of instruments. Therefore, it is necessary to invest in permanent educational and normative actions to raise the awareness of students about needlestick injuries (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Occupational Risks , Containment of Biohazards , Accident Prevention/standards , Wounds, Stab , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Needlestick Injuries
11.
Rev. APS ; 24(1): 213-227, 2021-10-18.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359406

ABSTRACT

A atual pandemia do Coronavírus tem sido motivo de grande preocupação. Dentistas se encontram entre os profissionais com maior risco de exposição ao vírus. O ambiente de trabalho e a cavidade oral representam um risco de alta suscetibilidade a este e a diversos outros agentes etiológicos. O objetivo desse estudo é esclarecer aos dentistas como proceder durante as consultas, de forma a reduzir o risco de infecção. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa, nas bases de dados Pubmed, Lilacs e Scielo, com os critérios de inclusão: a linguagem em português e inglês, na íntegra, publicados entre 2010 e 2020. A pesquisa foi feita nos meses de maio e junho, sendo realizada a pesquisa individual por meio dos descritores: Coronavírus, Odontologia e Biossegurança, seguindo por cruzamento e usando o operador booleano AND. Foram verificados 17 artigos, que apontam as medidas de biossegurança que devem ser tomadas no atual cenário, evidenciando as principais formas de contágio e como preveni-las.


The current Coronavirus pandemic has been of great concern. Dentists are among the professionals most at risk of exposure to the virus. The work environment and the oral cavity represent a risk of high susceptibility to this and several other etiologic agents. The purpose of this study is to explain to dentists how to proceed during consultations to reduce the risk of infection. This is an integrative review, carried out in the Pubmed, Lilacs, and Scielo databases, with the following inclusion criteria: language in Portuguese and English, in full, published between 2010 and 2020. A survey was conducted in May and June, with an individual search using the descriptors: Coronavirus, Dentistry, and Biosafety following by crossing and using the Boolean operator AND. Seventeen articles were verified, which point to biosafety measures and should be captured in the current scenario, showing the main forms of contagion and how to avoid them.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus , Pandemics
12.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(2, n.esp): 234-245, 10 out. 20211.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342851

ABSTRACT

Este relato apresenta a experiência da elaboração e desenvolvimento da primeira etapa (turmas 1 a 5) do Curso de Biossegurança para Equipes de Saúde Bucal em tempos de Covid-19, por docentes da Escola de Saúde Pública do Estado da Bahia Professor Jorge Novis (ESPBA), instituição pertencente à Superintendência de Recursos Humanos da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado da Bahia (Sesab). A experiência decorre do enfrentamento da pandemia da Covid-19 no estado da Bahia, considerando as formas de transmissão da doença pelo contato direto entre pessoas, pela fala, tosse, espirro e aerossóis. As glândulas salivares são reservatórios do SARS-CoV-2, vírus responsável pela doença, e o ambiente odontológico possui grande risco de propagação desse microrganismo. Trata-se de um curso autoinstrucional, que utiliza a plataforma Moodle EAD-SUS da ESPBA, composto por cinco videoaulas, contemplando a parte operativa e a prática clínica sobre biossegurança em tempos de Covid-19. O curso foi ofertado por regiões de saúde, priorizando as turmas iniciais de acordo com os indicadores epidemiológicos do número de casos. Foi contabilizado o número de inscritos por região de saúde, o número de acessos e o número de avaliações de conteúdo e do curso. Notou-se interesse dos profissionais da área na temática de biossegurança, mas questões estruturais e de sobrecarga de trabalho podem ter comprometido a realização de todas as etapas do curso. Ainda assim, o curso obteve ótima avaliação pelos discentes, revelando sucesso da ação educativa.


This report shows the experience of report of the elaboration and development of the first stage (classes 1 to 5) of the "Biosafety Course for Oral Health Teams in times of Covid-19", by professors from the School of Public Health of the State of Bahia Professor Jorge Novis (ESPBA), an institution belonging to Superintendence of Human Resources of the Health Department of the State of Bahia. The experience stems from coping with the Covid-19 pandemic in the State of Bahia, Brazil, considering the forms of transmission of the disease through direct contact with people, through speech, coughing, sneezing and aerosols. Salivary glands are reservoirs of SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the disease, and the dental environment has a high risk of spreading this microorganism. It was a self-instructional course using ESPBA's Moodle EAD-SUS platform, consisting of five video classes, covering the operational part and clinical practice on Biosafety in Covid-19 times. The course was offered by health regions, prioritizing the initial classes according to the epidemiological indicators of the number of cases. The number of enrolled students by health regions, the number of accesses and the number of content and course evaluations were estimated. The interest of professionals in the area in the theme of Biosafety was noted; however, structural and work overload issues may have compromised the performance of all stages of the course. The course obtained excellent evaluation by the students, showing the success of the educational action.


Este informe presenta la experiencia de la elaboración y desarrollo de la primera etapa (clases 1 a 5) del Curso de Bioseguridad para Equipos de Salud Bucal en tiempos de Covid-19 por profesores de la Escuela de Salud Pública del Estado de Bahía Profesor Jorge Novis (ESPBA), institución perteneciente a Superintendencia de Recursos Humanos de la Secretaría de Salud del Estado de Bahía (Sesab). La experiencia surge del afrontamiento de la pandemia de covid-19 en el estado de Bahía, considerando las formas de transmisión de la enfermedad mediante el contacto directo entre personas, habla, tos, estornudos y aerosoles. Las glándulas salivales son reservorios del Sars-CoV-2, el virus responsable de la enfermedad, y el entorno dental tiene un alto riesgo de propagar este microorganismo. Este curso de autoaprendizaje utiliza la plataforma Moodle EAD-SUS de ESPBA y consta de cinco videoclases, cubriendo la parte operativa y práctica clínica sobre bioseguridad en tiempos de covid-19. El curso fue impartido en regiones sanitarias, priorizando las clases iniciales según los indicadores epidemiológicos del número de casos. Se contabilizó el número de inscritos por regiones sanitarias, el número de accesos y el número de evaluaciones de contenido y cursos. Se observó que los profesionales del área se interesaban en el tema de bioseguridad, pero los problemas estructurales y de sobrecarga de trabajo pueden haber comprometido el desempeño de todas las etapas del curso. El programa obtuvo una excelente evaluación por parte de los estudiantes, revelando el éxito de la acción educativa.


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Coronavirus , Containment of Biohazards , Pandemics , COVID-19
13.
Rev. enferm. neurol ; 20(3): 197-206, sep.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372929

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) fundamenta que para luchar contra las infecciones asociadas a la atención sanitaria es necesario reducir las normas de bioseguridad para el personal ocupacionalmente expuesto. La bioseguridad es proteger la calidad de vida libre de daño, riesgo o peligro; el personal de enfermería que labora en el quirófano está expuesto a múltiples factores de riesgo, como el uso de químicos para procesar material quirúrgico, biológicos por el estrecho contacto con el paciente y fluidos corporales, psicosociales, por la carga de trabajo y ambientes tensos, o riesgos ergonómicos por estar en posiciones de pie por largos periodos de tiempo en procedimientos quirúrgicos. Objetivo: analizar los factores de riesgo del personal de enfermería del área quirúrgica de un hospital de tercer nivel. Material y métodos: estudio de tipo cuantitativo, descriptivo y transversal. Universo: integrado por el personal de enfermería del área quirúrgica de un hospital de tercer nivel. Muestra: no probabilística a criterio del investigador, integrado por 50 enfermeras y enfermeros de quirófano de todos los turnos. Criterios de inclusión: todos los enfermeros y enfermeras que se encuentren laborando en el área quirúrgica, con más de 2 meses dentro del área quirúrgica. Criterios de exclusión: personal de enfermería que no firmó consentimiento informado y no desearon participar, personal de enfermería de permiso, vacaciones, incapacidad, ausentismo, o no se encuentran laborando por algún otro motivo. El instrumento: cuestionario de 88 preguntas, con respuestas dicotómicas, con una confiabilidad de .99 utilizando fórmula de Kuder-Richardson. Resultados: personal de enfermería tiene un riesgo biológico del 100 %, en riesgos químicos 87 %, riesgos físicos 94 %, en cuanto a riesgos psicosocial 94 % de los encuestados consideran tener este riesgo, para riesgos ergonómicos el 67 % de los encuestados refieren presentar lesiones músculo esqueléticas. Conclusión: Los profesionales de enfermería dentro del área quirúrgica están expuestos a los diferentes riesgos. Estos peligros afectan individual y colectivamente, tienen la probabilidad de desencadenar una alteración a la salud, afectando inevitablemente el proceso de trabajo, conlleva al bajo rendimiento laboral e incumplimiento de los objetivos en las instituciones públicas y privadas. Se debe tener gran observancia al apego de las medidas de bioseguridad en la unidad quirúrgica para disminuir los riesgos de enfermedades infectocontagiosas.


Introduction: the World Health Organization (WHO) argues that in order to combat infections associated with health care, it is necessary to reduce biosecurity standards for occupational exposed personnel. Biosecurity is to protect quality of life free from damage, risk or danger; nursing staff working in the operating room are exposed to multiple risk factors, such as the use of chemicals to process surgical material; biological factores due to close contact with the patient and body fluids, psychosocial factors, due to workload and tense environments, or ergonomic risks to being in standing positions for long periods of time in surgical procedures. Objective: to analyze the risk factors of nursing staff in the surgical area of a third-level hospital. Material and methods: quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study. Universe: composed of the nursing staff from the surgical area of a third level hospital. Sample: non-probability at the investigator's discretion, consisting of 50 operating room nurses of all shifts. Inclusion criteria: all nurses who are working in the surgical area, with more than 2 months in the surgical area. Exclusion criteria: nursing staff who did not sign informed consent and did not wish to participate, nursing staff on leave, vacation, disability, absenteeism, or are not working for some other reason. The instrument: questionnaire consisting of eighty-eight questions, with dichotomous answers, with a reliability of. 99 using Kuder-Richardson formula. Results: the nursing staff has a biological risk of 100%, in chemical risks: 87%, physical risks: 94%, in terms of psychosocial risks, 94% of the respondents consider they have this risk; for ergonomic risks, 67% of those surveyed reported presenting musculoskeletal injuries. Conclusion: nursing professionals in the surgical area are exposed to different risks. These hazards affect individually and collectively, it has the probability of triggering a health disturbance, inevitably affecting the work process, leads to poor work performance and non-compliance with objectives in public and private institutions. Adherence to biosafety measures must be observed in the surgical unit to reduce the risks of infectious and contagious diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Nursing , Operating Rooms , Containment of Biohazards
14.
Más Vita ; 3(3): 22-32, sept. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1343296

ABSTRACT

Establecer el cumplimiento de las normas de bioseguridad por parte de los profesionales que laboran en los laboratorios de la Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y de la Salud de la Universidad Técnica de Machala. Materiales y Métodos: La presente investigación es de tipo descriptiva, con enfoque cuantitativo. La modalidad de la investigación es de campo. La población estuvo constituida por 100 estudiantes que usan los diferentes laboratorios de la Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y de la Salud de la Universidad Técnica de Machala. Resultados: El 59% de la población contestó que sí, ha recibido capacitación acerca de las normas de bioseguridad en la institución y el 41% respondieron que no. El 73% de los estudiantes cumplen con las medidas de bioseguridad en el laboratorio. Se realiza el lavado de manos, con un equivalente a un 39% para Después de tener contacto con cualquier tipo de materiales, muestras biológicas, productos sólidos, sustancias o reactivos. Sobre si se cuentan con recipientes de descarte para elementos contaminados, y están debidamente identificados el cual corresponde a un 46,9%. A la pregunta sobre qué materiales se deposita en los guardianes dando un equivalente de 43% para las Jeringuillas, bisturí, sin embargo, las Lancetas, agujas. Conclusiones: Se pudo determinar que la gran parte de la población estudiada si cumplen con las normas de bioseguridad(AU)


To establish compliance with Biosafety standards by professionals working in the laboratories of the Faculty of Chemistry and Health Sciences of the Technical University of Machala. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive research with a quantitative approach. The modality of the research is field research. The population consisted of 100 students who use the different laboratories of the Faculty of Chemistry and Health Sciences of the Technical University of Machala. Results: 59% of the population answered that they had received training on Biosafety norms in the institution and 41% answered that they had not. Seventy-three percent of the students comply with Biosafety measures in the laboratory. Hand washing is performed, with an equivalent of 39% for after having contact with any type of materials, biological samples, solid products, substances or reagents. Regarding whether there are disposal containers for contaminated items, and whether they are properly identified, this corresponds to 46.9%. To the question about what materials are deposited in the guards giving an equivalent of 43% for syringes, scapel powever, Lancets, needles. Conclusions: It could be determined that the great part of the population studied if they comply with Biosafety standards


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biological Products , Occupational Risks , Containment of Biohazards , Laboratory Personnel , Universities , Hand Disinfection , Equipment and Supplies
15.
Medicina (Ribeirão Preto) ; 54(1)jul, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353668

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Introdução: A cabine de segurança biológica (CBS) é um equipamento de proteção coletiva, utilizado para efe-tuar a contenção de aerossóis produzidos nos procedimentos laboratoriais. A CBS protege tanto os trabalhadores, quanto o material manipulado e o meio ambiente. Dispõe de lâmpadas de luz ultravioleta (UV) que possui ação germicida, alterando os ácidos nucleicos dos micro-organismos. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a ação germicida da luz UV da CBS classe II, tipo A2, frente à cultura de duas espécies de bactérias com diferentes condições de exposição a luz UV. Material e Métodos: Para o desenvolvimento da pesquisa foram utilizadas as bactérias Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 e Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 10031, na concentração de 1,5x108 Unidades Formadoras de Colônias/ml (UFC/ml), que após a semeadura em biplacas de Petri foram expostas à luz UV em diferentes condições e tempos. Resultados: Os resultados obtidos revelaram que as espécies de bactérias apresentaram igual perfil de crescimento ou inibição quando submetidas às diferentes condições de exposição. As biplacas de Petri com as tampas abertas e protegidas ou não com embalagem de esterilização apresentaram, nos tempos 15 e 20 minutos, inibição bacteriana. Nas biplacas protegidas pelo papel alumínio e nas biplacas com a tampa fechada, independentemente do tempo e da condição, os micro-organismos apresentaram crescimento bacteriano. Conclusão: Com os resultados obtidos, sugere-se que a ação germicida da luz UV foi eficaz, garantindo a descontaminação adequada e assegurando a qualidade na biossegurança laboratoria. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Introduction: The biological safety cabinet (BSC) is a collective protective device used to hold aerosols produced in laboratory procedures. The BSC protects workers, material handling, and the environment. It relies on ultraviolet light (UV) lamps that have germicidal action, altering the nucleic acids of microorganisms. Objective: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the germicidal action of BSC class II type A2 UV light against the culture of two bacterial species with different conditions of exposure to UV light. Methods: For the research, the bacteria Sta-phylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 10031 were used, at a concentration of 1.5x108Colony Forming Units/ml (CFU/ml), which were seeded in Petri biplates. Use UV light under different conditions and times. Results: The bacterial species showed the same growth or inhibition profile when subjected to different exposure conditions. Petri dishes with the cover open and protected or not with sterilization packaging showed bacterial inhibition at 15 and 20 minutes. The microorganisms in the biplates protected by the aluminum foil and in the biplates with the cover on, regardless of the time and condition, showed bacterial growth. Conclusion: With the results obtained, it is suggested that the germicidal action of UV light was effective, ensuring adequate decon-tamination and ensuring quality in laboratory biosafety. (AU)


Subject(s)
PUVA Therapy , Staphylococcus aureus , Ultraviolet Rays , Bacterial Growth , Decontamination , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Anti-Infective Agents
16.
Odontol. vital ; (34)jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386449

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivos: Identificar medidas de bioseguridad propuestos para la atención de pacientes odontológicos. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un análisis bibliográfico utilizando el buscador PubMed y las bibliotecas científicas SciELO. Los términos de búsqueda fueron: "Dentistry"[Mesh], "Coronavirus"[Mesh], "Dental Health Services"[Mesh], "Dental Care"[Mesh]. Los criterios de inclusión fueron: estudios completos gratis, 1 año de antigüedad, en español o inglés. Se excluyeron textos incompletos o pagados. Resultados: Se encontraron 41 artículos de los cuales se seleccionaron 26 que describen protocolos y medidas de bioseguridad adoptadas para el manejo y selección de pacientes durante la pandemia del COVID-19 en la práctica odontológica. Los resultados demuestran que las indicaciones son realizar solo atención de urgencia y emergencia. Así mismo se estipula priorizar la telecomunicación con pacientes. Las recomendaciones principales son: minimizar la cantidad de pacientes y controlar su temperatura, utilizar elementos de protección personal, colutorio de peróxido de hidrógeno (H2O2) 0.5%-2.0 % o povidona 0.2%; disminuir la disipación de aerosoles, usar goma dique y aspiración de alto volumen, minimizar el uso de instrumental rotatorio y generadores de aerosol, uso de imagenología extraoral. Finalmente, entre cada paciente mantener un área de trabajo ventilada, desinfectar superficies con etanol, H2O2, hipoclorito de sodio (NACLO), compuestos de amonio cuaternario y cubrir superficies con elementos desechables. Conclusión: La pandemia COVID-19 ha impulsado a un cambio y reforzamiento de las medidas de bioseguridad existentes en odontología. A esto se suman nuevos protocolos en la atención y priorización de pacientes, utilización de EPP e incluso la aplicación de la telecomunicación en el manejo y atención de pacientes. De este modo, se conservan recursos de EPP para áreas críticas y se protege la salud de toda la comunidad.


Abstract Objective: Identify biosecurity measures proposed for the care of dental patients. Methodology: A bibliographic analysis was performed using the PubMed search engine and the SciELO scientific libraries. The search terms were: "Dentistry"[Mesh], "Coronavirus"[Mesh], "Dental Health Services"[Mesh], "Dental Care"[Mesh]. The inclusion criteria were: free complete studies, 1 year old, in Spanish or English. Incomplete or paid texts were excluded. Results: A total 41 articles were found of which 26 were selected. They describe protocols and biosecurity measures adopted for the management and selection of patients in dental practice during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results show that indications establish to perform only urgent and emergency care. Likewise, it is stipulated to prioritize telecommunication with patients. The main recommendations are: Minimize the number of patients and control their temperature, use of personal protection elements, use hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) 0.5%-2.0% or povidone 0.2% as mouthwash, reduce the dissipation of aerosols by using manual instruments, rubber dam and high volume aspiration, minimizing the use of rotary instruments and aerosol generating instruments, prefer the use of extraoral imaging. Finally, maintain a well ventilated work area in between every patient, disinfection of surfaces with ethanol, H2O2, sodium hypochlorite (NACLO) and quaternary ammonium solutions and cover surfaces with disposable elements. Conclusion : The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a change and reinforcement of biosecurity measures already existent in dentistry, adding new protocols for patient's care and prioritization, PPE utilization and application of telecommunication in the management and patient's care. Saving PPE resources for critical areas and protecting the community's overall health.

17.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 229-240, June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287275

ABSTRACT

Abstract The airborne spread is the main route of human-to-human transmission of coronavirus, including he SARS CoV-2 virus causing the disease known as COVID-19. The implicit risk of aerosolization of SARS CoV-2 infective microdroplets while carrying out respiratory function tests has caused a significant limitation of activity in most Pulmonary Function Laboratories since the beginning of the pandemic. This document aims to update the recommendations for the management of Pulmonary Function Laboratories in the context of the COVID-19 outbreak in Argentina. New recommendations include ways to carry out pulmonary function testing during the context of a high and low community viral spread phase, the evaluation of post-COVID-19 patients, as well as several aspects of biosafety for patients and operators. Measures consist of promoting air circulation in the environment, the use of antimicrobial filters, the protection of airways and mucous membranes, and hand washing.


Resumen La diseminación aerógena del virus SARS CoV-2 es la principal forma de transmisión interhumana de este coronavirus causante de la enfermedad conocida como COVID-19. El riesgo implícito de la aerosolización de microgotas infectantes del SARS CoV-2 durante la ejecución de las pruebas funcionales respiratorias ha provocado una importante limitación de la actividad en la mayoría de los laboratorios de función pul monar desde el inicio de la pandemia. Este documento tiene por objetivo actualizar las recomendaciones para el manejo del laboratorio de función pulmonar en el contexto de la epidemia COVID-19 en Argentina. Se incorporan nuevas recomendaciones para realizar pruebas funcionales respiratorias en el contexto de una fase alta y baja de circulación viral comunitaria, para pacientes post COVID-19, así como para la bio seguridad de pacientes y operadores. Las medidas incluyen la ventilación del ambiente, el uso de filtros antimicrobianos, la protección de vía área y mucosas y el lavado de manos.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Argentina/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Laboratories
18.
Multimed (Granma) ; 25(2): e2060, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279464

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La aparición del nuevo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 supone un reto para los estomatólogos e impone el perfeccionamiento de las medidas de bioseguridad en el trabajo para prevenir la enfermedad de COVID-19 durante la "nueva normalidad". El objetivo del estudio fue identificar las medidas de prevención y control de la COVID-19 en estomatología después de la reapertura de los servicios de atención odontológica. El método fue realizar un enfoque cualitativo sustentado en una concepción teórica que permitió identificar las estrategias trazadas para impedir el contagio por la enfermedad del SARS-CoV-2 en las áreas donde se realiza la labor odontológica. Se concluyó que el regreso a la "nueva normalidad" obligó a elevar el nivel de prevención y control de infecciones en la consulta estomatológica, de tal forma que se brinda seguridad no sólo a los pacientes, sino también al personal de trabajo y familiares.


ABSTRACT The emergence of the new SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus poses a challenge for stomatologists and imposes the improvement of biosafety measures at work to prevent COVID-19 disease during the "new normal". The objective of the study was to identify the prevention and control measures for COVID-19 in stomatology after the reopening of dental care services. The method was to carry out a qualitative approach based on a theoretical conception that allowed identifying the strategies outlined to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 disease in the areas where dental work is carried out. It was concluded that the return to the "new normal" forced to raise the level of infection prevention and control in the dental office, in such a way that security is provided not only to patients, but also to work personnel and family members.


RESUMO O surgimento do novo coronavírus SARS-CoV-2 representa um desafio para os estomatologistas e requer o aprimoramento das medidas de biossegurança no trabalho para prevenir a doença COVID-19 durante o "novo normal". O objetivo do estudo foi identificar as medidas de prevenção e controle do COVID-19 em Estomatologia após a reabertura de serviço odontológico. O método consistiu numa abordagem qualitativa baseada numa concepção teórica que permitiu identificar as estratégias delineadas para prevenir a propagação da SARS-CoV-2 nas áreas onde se realiza o trabalho dentário. Concluiu-se que o retorno ao "novo normal" obrigou a elevar o nível de prevenção e controle de infecções no consultório odontológico, de forma que a segurança seja proporcionada não só aos pacientes, mas também aos funcionários do trabalho e familiares.

19.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 34(1): 63-70, Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284936

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study evaluated the impact of COVID-19 on the endodontic treatment routine. It was a cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire applied to endodontists to collect information about practical modifications during endodontic treatment to protect professionals and patients against the COVID-19 outbreak. A total 1105 participants from Brazil participated in the survey. More than 90% of respondents identify the high risk of COVID-19 infection to dentists and the need to change some clinical practices. Most respondents (60.1%) are partially following social isolation. The need for a change in Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) during dental appointments was mentioned by 97.1% of respondents. The use of minimal adequate PPE during the pandemic period was associated with the area of residence and marital status of participants. Only 30% of respondents say they use the minimal adequate PPE. Most respondents will change cavity access preparation to reduce virus dissemination. Other changes in endodontic appointments were described in the survey: greater attention to biosafety measures, duration of dental appointments, and duration of intervals between appointments. Endodontists still need to identify the best arrangement for performing their procedures safely during the COVID-19 pandemic. Specific guidelines require detailed information for each specialty and its procedures.


RESUMO Este estudo transversal foi realizado por meio de um questionário online. O questionário foi aplicado a endodontistas e coletou informagoes sobre modificagoes práticas durante o tratamento endodontico para combater o surto de COVID-19 e proteger profissionais e pacientes. Um total de 1105 participantes do Brasil participaram da pesquisa. Mais de 90% dos entrevistados identificam o alto risco de infecgao por COVID-19 para os dentistas e a necessidade de mudar algumas práticas clínicas. A maioria dos entrevistados (60,1%) segue parcialmente o isolamento social. A necessidade de mudangas dos Equipamentos de Protegao Individual (EPIs) durante as consultas odontológicas foi referida por 97,1% dos entrevistados. O uso de EPIs mínimos adequados durante o período pandémico foi associado á área de residencia e ao estado civil dos participantes. Apenas 30% dos participantes afirmou usar os EPIs mínimos durante a pandemia. A maioria dos entrevistados mudará a preparagao do acesso á cavidade para reduzir a disseminagao do virus. Outras mudangas nas consultas endodonticas foram descritas na pesquisa: maior atengao ás medidas de biosseguranga, duragao das consultas odontológicas e intervalos entre as consultas. Os endodontistas ainda precisam distinguir a melhor maneira para realizar seus procedimentos com seguranga, durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Diretrizes específicas requerem informagoes detalhadas para cada especialidade e seus procedimentos.

20.
Humanidad. med ; 21(1): 239-258, ene.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250054

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se realiza una revisión bibliográfica con el objetivo de reflexionar acerca de la pertinencia, de la utilidad del conocimiento sobre bioseguridad por el personal que labora en el ámbito de la salud, y la comprensión por parte del mismo de la conveniencia, de las ventajas de la puesta en práctica de todo lo establecido para su protección. Se aborda el concepto, antecedentes históricos así como investigaciones a nivel internacional y nacional en salud que especifican conocimientos y conductas del personal de salud.


ABSTRACT A bibliographic review is carried out with the objective of reflecting on the relevance and usefulness of knowledge about biosafety by the personnel working in the field of health and his understanding of the convenience, of the advantages of putting into practice everything established for his protection. The concept, historical antecedents, as well as international and national health research that specify knowledge and behaviors of health professional are addressed.

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