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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912297


Objective:To evaluate the long-term results of bipolar radiofrequency(BRF) ablation in restoring sinus rhythm in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation(AF) undergoing surgery for cardiac surgery.Methods:This retrospective study sample consisted of 268 patients with LSP-AF underwent cardiac operations concomitant BRF maze Ⅳ procedure. Data were collected prospectively on perioperative outcomes, rhythm status, survival, and clinical events.Results:15 patients died in the early postoperative period, perioperative mortality rate was 5.5%. The rate of stable sinus rhythm(sSR)was 86.6%, 75.4%, 67.7%, 57.8% in 1, 2, 5, 8 years after operation. Multivariate analysis proved the size of the left atrium( HR=1.073, P<0.001) and duration of AF( HR=1.070, P=0.025) to be an independent predictor of the radiofrequency ablation outcome. Conclusion:Bipolar radiofrequency maze procedure can effectively eliminate AF, maintain long-term of sinus rhythm. Bipolar radiofrequency maze procedure is a safe, easy and effective surgical option for the treatment of AF, with satisfactory long-term results, is worthy of promotion.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711757


Objective This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of video-assisted thoracoscopic bipolar radio-frequency ablation in the treatment of isolated paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.Methods From September 2010 to December 2016,Seventy-two consecutive patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic bipolar radio-frequency ablation at Fuwai Hospital.There were 50 males and 22 females with an average age of(56.5 ± 10.5) years and duration of atrial fibrillation with (6.5 ± 4.8) years.45 patients had previous catheter ablation.The patients were followed up at postoperative 3 months,6 months,1 year and annually.Success of ablation was defined as sinus rhythm and no duration of ≥30 s for rapid atrial arrhythmias,including atrial fibrillation,atrial flutter or atrial tachycardia in 24 h Holter examination.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors for atrial fibrillation recurrence.Results One patient converted to sternotomy due to bleeding on operation.All patients were successfully discharged.69 patients completed follow-up,with an average follow-up of(28 ± 18)months(3-60 months).The overall success rate was 73.9%,and the success rate without antiarrhythmic drug was 62.3%.Subgroup analysis showed that the success rate was 80% when left atrial anterior and posterior diameter(LAD) ≤40 mm,and 57.9% when LAD > 40 mm (P =0.035).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that LAD >40 mm was an independent risk factor for postoperative recurrence of atrial fibrillation.Conclusion Video-assisted thoracoscopic bipolar radiofrequency ablation is a safe and effective method for the treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation,especially in patients with LAD≤40 mm.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612066


Objective To evaluate the efficacy and outcomes with the use of a saline-coupled bipolar sealer during liver resection.Methods 101 patients underwent liver resection for primary hepatic carcinoma at the People's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from August 2015 to December 2016.The patients were divided into two groups according to whether the Aquamantys(R) system was used or not.In group A (n =62) the clamp crushing technique was used for liver parenchymal transection.In group B (n =39) the Aquamantys(R) system was used.The intraoperative and postoperative complication rates were compared.Results The operation time in group B was significantly longer than group A (216.4 min vs.253.5 min,P < 0.05).The intraoperaitve blood loss in group B was significantly less than group A (381.1 ml vs.257.2 ml,P < 0.05),and less blood transfusion was required (211.3 ml vs.90.9 ml,P < 0.05).The volume of abdominal drainage fluid in group B in the first and the 5th day was significantly less than group A (242.6 ml vs.199.2 ml,P<0.05;84.3 ml vs.70.4 ml,P<0.05,respectively).The drainage tube in group B was taken off earlier than in group A (8.1 d vs.7.0 d,P < 0.05).The average hospitalization stay after surgery in group B was also significantly shorter (13.4 d vs.11.6 d,P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the overall postoperative complication rate (P > 0.05) between the 2 groups,and no death was observed.Conclusion The use of a saline-coupled bipolar sealer (Aquamantys(R)) in liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma was associated with less intraoperative blood loss and was better for the patients' postoperative recovery.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750336


@#Objective    To evaluate the efficacy and clinical significance of bipolar radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of left ventricular aneurysm with ventricular arrhythmias guided by CARTO mapping system. Methods    From September 2009 to December 2015, 56 patients with ventricular aneurysm following myocardial infarction were enrolled. All patients suffered different levels of angina pectoris symptoms evaluated by Holter (the frequencies of ventricular arrhythmias more than 3 000 per day). They were divided into two groups according to random ballot and preoperative communication with patients' family members: a bipolar radiofrequency ablation group (n=28, 20 males, 8 females, mean age of 61.21±1.28 years) receiving off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG), ventricular aneurysm surgery combined with bipolar radiofrequency ablation, and a non-bipolar radiofrequency ablation group (n=28, 22 males, 6 females, mean age of 57.46±1.30 years) receiving OPCABG and single ventricular aneurysm surgery. The grade of cardiac function and ventricular arrhythmia was compared between the two groups during pre-operation, discharge and   follow-up. Results    All patients were discharged successfully. There was no in-hospital death in both two groups. One patient in the non-radiofrequency group had cerebral infarction. All patients were re-checked with Holter before discharge and the frequency of ventricular arrhythmias significantly decreased compared to that of pre-operation in both groups, and was more significant in bipolar radiofrequency ablation group (1 197.00±248.20 times/24 h vs. 1 961.00±232.90 times/24 h, P<0.05). There was significant difference in duration of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay between the two groups (P<0.05). The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD) significantly improved (P<0.05) after operation in both groups. Conclusion    The clinical efficacy of bipolar radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of ventricular aneurysm with ventricular arrhythmia guided by CARTO mapping is safe and effective, but its long-term outcomes still need further follow-up.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442328


Objective To summarize the perioperative nursing of modified maze procedure using bipolar radiofrequency ablation accompanied with valve replacement for the surgical treatment of heart valve diseases complicated with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF).Methods A total of 55 patients with permanent AF and heart valves diseases were undergone surgical treatment from June 2010 to February 2013 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University.Preoperative psychological care and health education were given to patients.The Medtronic Cardioblate 68000 flush bipolar radiofrequency ablation system was applied to all patients.After valve replacement surgery in addition to routine care,rhythm and heart rate monitoring were paid attention to,maintenance of cardiac function,observation of drainage,maintenance of electrolyte balance,observation of pacemaker,observation of amiodarone medication and nursing,as well as health guidance and psychological care were implemented.Results The surgery of 55 patients was successfully completed.The day after surgery,atrial fibrillation in 48 cases turned into sinus rhythm.In all patients,2 of them had suffered Ⅲ degree atrioventricular block after surgery and permanent pacemakers were applicated.There were no cardiac perforation and non-hospital mortality.The average length of stay was(12.5±2.1) d.The mean follow-up was(8.6±3.0) months.87.3% of patients maintained sinus rhythm,9.1% in AF rhythm,3.6% in paced rhythm.Conclusions Modified maze procedure using bipolar radiofrequency ablation is a simple,safe and effective surgical procedure for the treatment of permanent atrial fibrillation.High quality of perioperative nursing is to improve the success rate of surgery and the key to reduce mortality.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385580


Objective To observe the bipolar radiofrequency ablation maze procedure (BRAMP) combined with heart valve replacement for rheumatic heart disease (RHD) complicated with atrial fibrillation (AF), and discuss the curative effect of the new operation method. Methods Fifteen patients with RHD complicated with AF were treated with heart valve replacement and BRAMP (treatment group). At the same time, 15 patients with RHD complicated with AF were only heart valve replacement without BR AMP(control group). Results Treatment group were all cured, and they had the sinoatrial rhythm after operation.Followed up 6 months, 14 patients maintained sinus rhythm,one had AF occasionally. In control group, 13 patients had AF after operation,2 patients had the sinoatrial rhythm after operation, but they tumed to AF one or two days later,and amiodarone hydrochloride had no effect to them. The two groups had obvious differences in the length of left atria, the length of left ventricle, the size of the heart, the function of the heart and LVEF before and after operation (P < 0.01 or < 0.05). But in treatment group, the length of left atria and the size of the heart had obvious difference after operation compared with control group [ (31.06 ± 2.28 ) mm vs. (36.16 ±2.23) mm,t = 11.645,P =0.002; (50 ±9)% vs. (56 ± 10)% ,t =8.052,P =0.008].Conclusion Compared with the operation that heart valve replacement without BRAMP,BRAMP is simple and little, should be promising.