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1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 404-409, Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003052

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the expression of Id-1 in human colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and explore its correlation with the clinical pathological parameters of colorectal cancer. METHODS: The Id-1 mRNA and protein expression levels of 50 specimens of normal colorectal tissues and 50 specimens of colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues were detected using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blot. Furthermore, Id-1 protein was detected using immunohistochemistry. The correlation between the expression of Id-1 and clinicopathologic features was analyzed. RESULTS: The mRNA expression level of Id-1 in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and normal colorectal tissues was 0.96 ± 0.03 vs. 0.20 ± 0.04, respectively; and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.011). Furthermore, Id-1 protein expression was higher in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues than in normal colorectal tissues (0.82 ± 0.04 vs. 0.31 ± 0.02, P=0.020). In addition, the positive protein expression rate of Id-1 was higher in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues than in normal colorectal tissues (72.00% vs. 24.00%, X2=23.431, P=0.000). The expression of Id-1 was correlated with the depth of tumor invasion, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, vessel invasion, and liver metastasis (P<0.01). However, this expression was not correlated with tumor size and differentiation degrees (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The high Id-1 expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues play an important role in the process of cancer, and is expected to become a new tumor monitoring indicator for clinical diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis judgment.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é investigar a expressão de Id-1 em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal em humanos e investigar sua correlação com os parâmetros patológicos clínicos de câncer colorretal. MÉTODOS: Os níveis de expressão de proteína e mRNA Id-1 em 50 amostras de tecido colorretal normal e 50 amostras de tecido de adenocarcinoma colorretal foram detectados através de reação em cadeia de polimerase precedida de transcrição reversa e western blot. Além disso, a proteína Id-1 foi detectada através de imuno-histoquímica. A correlação entre a expressão de Id-1 e características clínico-patológicas foi analisada. RESULTADOS: O nível de expressão de mRNA Id-1 em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal e tecidos colorretais normais foi de 0,96 ± 0,03 versus 0,20 ± 0,04, respectivamente; a diferença foi estatisticamente significativa (P= 0,011). Além disso, a expressão da proteína Id-1 foi maior em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal do que em tecidos colorretais normais (0,82 ± 0,04 versus 0,31 ± 0,02, P= 0,020). Além disso, a taxa de expressão positiva de proteínas Id-1 foi maior em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal do que em tecidos colorretais normais (72,00% vs. 24,00%, X2=23,431, p=0,000). A expressão de Id-1 foi correlacionada com a profundidade da invasão tumoral, estágio TNM, metástases linfonodais, invasão vascular e metástase hepática (P<0,01). Todavia, essa expressão não se correlacionou com o tamanho do tumor e graus de diferenciação (P>0,05). CONCLUSÃO: A alta expressão de Id-1 em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal desempenham um importante papel no processo do câncer, e é esperado que se torne um novo indicador de monitoramento de tumores para o diagnóstico clínico, tratamento e estimativa de prognóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Inhibitor of Differentiation Protein 1/analysis , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Blotting, Western , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743883

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: RIPA Buffer exhibits different extraction efficiencies of proteins of cells and tissues, which is not appropriate for all samples. OBJECTIVE: To achieve an optimal lysis buffer for skeletal muscle protein extraction in mice of acidosis, and to provide basis for studies on skeletal muscle atrophy. METHEDS: Twenty male healthy C57BL/6 mice, aged 3 months, weighting 25-30 g, were provided by Laboratory Animal Center of Shanxi Medical University. The mice were sacrificed after anesthesia, and the gastrocnemius muscle of lower extremity was isolated. There were two groups: acidosis group was given 10 g of feed mixed with 0.4 mol/L hydrochloric acid (10 mL) , and control group received 10 g of feed mixed with same volume of water, for 7 consecutive days. The effect of RIPA Buffer, Original Buffer and JP Buffer on the skeletal muscle protein extraction in mice of acidosis was compared. The expression levels of AKT, p-AKT (Thr308) , rpS6 and p-rpS6 (Ser235/236) were detected by western blot assay. GLUT4 mRNA expression was examined by RT-qPCR. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Different buffers generated different protein-yields. The protein yield was highest in JP Buffer, but the target protein signal was not high. The protein yield was low in RIPA Buffer. Original Buffer could extract sufficient proteins, and had clear band detected by western blot assay. (2) Western blot assay scores in Original Buffer were higher than those of other two buffers. (3) Western blot assay results showed that the extent of phosphorylation in both groups showed no significant changes. (4) GLUT4 mRNA expression level examined by RT-qPCR showed no significant changes in both groups. (5) These results indicate that Original Buffer is optimal lysate of skeletal muscle protein extraction. Inactivated AKT signaling pathway is seen in the short-term hydrochloric acid-induced acidosis group, so whether lengthening acidosis time can activate the signaling pathway. Selecting the optimal lysis buffer for different samples is premise to ensure western blot assay results.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761689

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study was performed in order to examine the effect of intrathecal sec-O-glucosylhamaudol (SOG), an extract from the root of the Peucedanum japonicum Thunb., on incisional pain in a rat model. METHODS: The intrathecal catheter was inserted in male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 55). The postoperative pain model was made and paw withdrawal thresholds (PWTs) were evaluated. Rats were randomly treated with a vehicle (70% dimethyl sulfoxide) and SOG (10 μg, 30 μg, 100 μg, and 300 μg) intrathecally, and PWT was observed for four hours. Dose-responsiveness and ED50 values were calculated. Naloxone was administered 10 min prior to treatment of SOG 300 μg in order to assess the involvement of SOG with an opioid receptor. The protein levels of the δ-opioid receptor, κ-opioid receptor, and μ-opioid receptor (MOR) were analyzed by Western blotting of the spinal cord. RESULTS: Intrathecal SOG significantly increased PWT in a dose-dependent manner. Maximum effects were achieved at a dose of 300 μg at 60 min after SOG administration, and the maximal possible effect was 85.35% at that time. The medial effective dose of intrathecal SOG was 191.3 μg (95% confidence interval, 102.3–357.8). The antinociceptive effects of SOG (300 μg) were significantly reverted until 60 min by naloxone. The protein levels of MOR were decreased by administration of SOG. CONCLUSIONS: Intrathecal SOG showed a significant antinociceptive effect on the postoperative pain model and reverted by naloxone. The expression of MOR were changed by SOG. The effects of SOG seem to involve the MOR.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Animals , Blotting, Western , Catheters , Dimethyl Sulfoxide , Humans , Hyperalgesia , Male , Models, Animal , Naloxone , Nociceptive Pain , Pain, Postoperative , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Opioid , Spinal Cord
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734727

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare human epidermal extracts by thermal separation,and to evaluate the value of epidermal extract-based Western blot analysis in the diagnosis of bullous pemphigoid (BP).Methods Human epidermal extracts were prepared by thermal separation from circumcised foreskins of healthy males.Serum samples were obtained from 22 inpatients with BP and 25 inpatients without BP in Hospital for Skin Diseases,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College between January 2015 and August 2017.These serum samples were subjected to Western blot analysis with epidermal extracts as substrates,as well as to BP180-NC16A enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Statistical analysis was carried out using chi-square test and Fisher's exact test with the SPSS22.0 software.Results The sensitivities of epidermal extract-based Western blot analysis and BP 180-NC16A ELISA in the diagnosis of BP were 86.36% (95 % CI:64.03%-96.41%) and 95.45% (95% CI:75.11%-99.76%) respectively (~ =1.10,P =0.294),and the specificities were 100% (95% CI:83.42%-100%) and 92% (95% CI:75.11%-99.76%) respectively (x2 =20.8,P =0.149).Epidermal extract-based Western blot analysis in the 22 patients with BP showed a protein band with relative molecular mass (RMM) of 230 000 in 4 patients,a protein band with RMM of 180 000 in 18,a protein band with RMM of 120 000 in 1,and a protein band with RMM of 97 000 in 1.The BP180-NC16A ELISA showed that the antibody titers were more than 50 U/ml in the BP patients with protein bands of RMM of 180 000.Conclusions The epidermal extract-based Western blot analysis mainly showed the protein band with RMM of 180 000 in the patients with BP.The sensitivity of the epidermal extract-based Western blot analysis was lower than that of the BP180-NC16A ELISA,and the epidermal extract-based Western blot analysis tends to be negative when the titer of the autoantibody is low.

5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(6): 597-602, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977471

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To demonstrate the underlying mechanisms of aortic dissection compared to those of coronary artery disease in terms of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling pathway. Methods: Twenty consecutive aortic dissection patients and 20 consecutive coronary artery disease patients undergoing a surgical treatment in this hospital were enrolled into this study. The aortic tissues were sampled and the TGF-β1 and its receptor TGF-β receptor I (TβRI) were detected by Western blotting assay. Results: TGF-β1 and TβRI were positively expressed in the aortic tissues in both groups by Western blotting assay. The expressions of the two proteins were significantly higher in the aortic tissue of patients with aortic dissection than in those with coronary artery disease. The quantitative analyses of the relative gray scales of the proteins disclosed close correlations between the expressions of TGF-β1 and TβRI in both the study and control group patients. Conclusions: The aortic remodeling of aortic dissection might differ from that of coronary artery atherosclerosis concerning the nature, mechanism, mode, and activities of TGF-β signaling pathway. The development of aortic dissection could be associated with a significantly enhanced function of TGF-β1/Smad signaling transduction as a result of aortic remodeling incorporating both vascular injury and repair.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Aneurysm, Dissecting/metabolism , Biomarkers/metabolism
6.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 37(1): 131-140, ene.-feb. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-888451

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El dengue es una enfermedad causada por uno de los cuatro serotipos del virus del dengue (DENV) y es endémica en, aproximadamente, 130 países. Su incidencia ha aumentado notablemente en las últimas décadas, así como la frecuencia y la magnitud de los brotes. A pesar de los esfuerzos, no existen tratamientos profilácticos ni terapéuticos contra la enfermedad y, en ese contexto, el estudio de los procesos que gobiernan el ciclo de infección del DENV es esencial para desarrollar vacunas o terapias antivirales. Una de las moléculas del DENV más prometedoras es la proteína no estructural 3 (NS3), la cual es indispensable para la replicación viral y es uno de los principales blancos inmunológicos durante la infección. Objetivo: Producir anticuerpos policlonales para contribuir a los futuros estudios sobre las interacciones entre la proteína NS3 y otras proteínas celulares. Materiales y métodos: Se expresaron dos proteínas recombinantes del dominio helicasa de NS3 del DENV de serotipo 2, las cuales se emplearon para inmunizar ratas y producir anticuerpos policlonales. Resultados: Los anticuerpos producidos fueron útiles en ensayos de Western blot e inmunofluorescencia y se reportó por primera vez un anticuerpo policlonal anti-NS3 que permitió la inmunoprecipitación de la proteína viral y la detecta con Western blot sin necesidad de inducir sobreexpresión de NS3 o de usar extractos de células marcados metabólicamente con radioisótopos. Conclusión: Las proteínas recombinantes expresadas y los anticuerpos producidos constituyen herramientas valiosas para estudiar procesos infecciosos del DENV que involucren a la proteína NS3 y evaluar pruebas dirigidas a interferir las funciones de esta proteína.


Abstract Introduction: Dengue is a disease caused by one of four serotypes of the dengue virus (DENV) and is endemic in approximately 130 countries. The incidence of dengue has increased dramatically in recent decades, as well as the frequency and magnitude of outbreaks. Despite all efforts, there are no prophylactic or therapeutic treatments for the disease. Accordingly, research on the processes governing the DENV infection cycle is essential to develop vaccines or antiviral therapies. One of the most attractive DENV molecules to investigate is nonstructural protein 3 (NS3), which is essential for viral replication and a major immune target for infection. Objective: To produce antibodies to support future studies on NS3 and its cellular interactions with other proteins. Materials and methods: Two recombinant proteins of the helicase domain of DENV NS3 serotype 2 were expressed, and used to immunize mice and produce polyclonal antibodies. Results: The antibodies produced were useful in Western blot and immunofluorescence tests. We report an NS3 antibody that immunoprecipitates the viral protein and detects it in Western blot with no need to over-express it or use cell extracts with metabolic radiolabeling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Virus Replication/physiology , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/genetics , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/metabolism , Dengue/virology , Dengue Virus/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Virus Replication/genetics , Virus Replication/immunology , Serine Endopeptidases/genetics , Serine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Serine Endopeptidases/chemistry , Blotting, Western , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/chemistry , RNA Helicases/genetics , RNA Helicases/metabolism , RNA Helicases/chemistry , Antibodies, Viral/metabolism , Antibodies, Viral/chemistry
7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 569-573, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809234

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression of large tumor suppressor homolog 2 (LATS2) gene and its promotor methylation in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).@*Methods@#Reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and pyrosequencing were used to detect the mRNA and promotor methylation of LATS2 gene in 72 OSCC specimens and normal oral mucosa tissues. Western blotting was used to detect the LATS2 protein in six OSCC specimens and normal oral mucosa tissues.@*Results@#All cases had expression of LATS2 mRNA in normal oral mucosa tissues, but the expression was down-regulated significantly, only 47% (34/72) in 72 cases of OSCC showed LATS2 mRNA expression. The expression was correlated with the degree of tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). The results of pyrosequencing show that 68% of promotor methylation (49/72) in 72 cases of OSCC. Furthermore, there was significant correlation between the mRNA and promotor methylation of LATS2 gene (χ2=16.980, P<0.01). All the six specimens had the low LATS2 protein expression.@*Conclusions@#The promotor methylation of LATS2 gene may play an important role in the occurrence of OSCC.

8.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 33(4): 616-624, oct.-dic. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-845740

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo. Determinar el rendimiento diagnóstico de la técnica de Western Blot para detectar simultáneamente anticuerpos en pacientes con cisticercosis, hidatidosis y fascioliasis humana. Materiales y métodos. Estudio transversal de evaluación de prueba diagnóstica. Se obtuvieron los antígenos de excreción-secreción de las larvas de Taenia solium, quistes de Echinococcus granulosus; y la forma adulta de Fasciola hepática; que luego fueron separados electroforéticamente en geles de poliacrilamida individuales, transferidos y fijados a una membrana de nitrocelulosa para ser enfrentados con sueros de pacientes con las tres parasitosis. La sensibilidad de la técnica se evaluó empleando 300 sueros individuales, 60 pools de dos parasitosis y 20 pools de tres parasitosis y la especificidad con 75 sueros de pacientes con otras parasitosis, 10 de pacientes con otras enfermedades y 15 sueros de personas no parasitadas. Resultados . La técnica reconoció trece glicoproteínas (GP): GP 35, 31, 24, 23, 18, 17, 14 y 13 kDa para cisticercosis, GP 8,16 y 21 kDa para hidatidosis y GP: 17 y 23 kDa para fascioliasis. La prueba detectó la presencia de anticuerpos alcanzando una sensibilidad de 96% (IC95%: 94,62-98,54%) en la detección de una o las trece bandas, una especificidad de 100% (IC95%: 99,50 - 100,00%); individualmente, se tuvo una sensibilidad para cisticercosis de 97% (IC95%: 93,16-100%), para hidatidosis de 94% (IC95%: 88,85-99,15%) y para fascioliasis de 96% (IC95%: 91,66-100%). Conclusiones. La prueba de Western blot es eficaz en la detección, simultanea de anticuerpos en pacientes con cisticercosis, hidatidosis y fascioliasis humana, y puede ser utilizada como prueba de descarte o confirmatoria en zonas endémicas.


ABSTRACT Objectives . To determine the diagnostic yield using western blotting to simultaneously detect antibodies in patients with human cysticercosis, hydatidosis, and human fascioliasis. Materials and methods . Cross-sectional study of diagnostic yield assessment. Excretory/secretory antigens were obtained from Taenia solium larvae, Echinococcus granulosus cysts, and the adult flukes of Fasciola hepática, which were then separated using the polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis technique, transferred, and attached to a nitrocellulose membrane to be probed with sera from the patient infected with the three parasites. The sensitivity of the technique was assessed using 300 individual serum samples, 60 pools of two parasites, and 20 pools of three parasites with 75 sera from patients with other parasites, 10 from patients with other diseases, and 15 from patients without parasites. Results . The technique revealed 13 glycoproteins (GP): GP 35, 31, 24, 23, 18, 17, 14, and 13 kDa for cysticercosis; GP 8, 16, and 21 kDa for hydatidosis; and GP 17 and 23 kDa for fascioliasis. The test detected the presence of antibodies with a sensitivity of 96% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 94.62-98.54%) in the detection of one or the thirteen bands, a specificity of 100% (95% CI = 99.50-100.00%); individually, there was a sensitivity for cysticercosis of 97% (95% CI = 93.16-100.00%), for hydatidosis of 94% (95% CI = 88.85-99.15%) and for fascioliasis of 96% (95% CI = 91.66-100.00%). Conclusions . Western blotting is effective in the simultaneous detection of antibodies in patients with human cysticercosis, hydatidosis, and fascioliasis, and it can be used as a diagnostic test to either rule out or confirm the presence of antibodies in endemic areas.

9.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 36(supl.2): 108-115, ago. 2016. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794022

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El virus linfotrópico humano (HTLV) de tipos I y II es un retrovirus prevalente en la Costa Pacífica colombiana que puede transmitirse por transfusiones de sangre. En el 2014 se reglamentó la tamización para bancos de sangre con el fin de reducir la transmisión por medio de la donación. La información sobre la seroprevalencia del virus en el suroccidente colombiano es limitada. Objetivo. Determinar la seroprevalencia, el comportamiento a lo largo del tiempo de los resultados reactivos antes y después de la introducción del inmunoensayo Western blot y la concomitancia del HTLV con otros marcadores de infección en donantes de un banco de sangre de Cali, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio trasversal de 77.117 donantes del Banco de Sangre de la Fundación Valle del Lili mediante el análisis de los registros de donantes con prueba reactiva para anticuerpos IgG anti HTLV I-II entre enero de 2008 y diciembre de 2014. Resultados. La seroprevalencia acumulada fue de 0,24 %. Los resultados reactivos fueron más frecuentes en mujeres (61 %) y la mediana de edad fue de 37 años. La seroprevalencia en los años previos a la introducción del Western blot fue de 0,13, 0,19, 0,31 y 0,32 % (2008-2012), y posteriormente fue de 0,18, 0,08 y 0,07 % (2012-2014). La reacción positiva concomitante con otros marcadores de infección fue de 11 %: sífilis (57 %), HIV (19 %), hepatitis B (14 %) y hepatitis C (9 %). La mayor seroprevalencia (0,38 %) se registró en el 2012. Conclusión. Se encontró una alta prevalencia de pruebas reactivas para el HTLV I-II en comparación con otros estudios. Los resultados de este estudio son un punto de partida para el desarrollo de estudios poblacionales.


Introduction: Human lymphotropic virus (HTLV I/II) is a retrovirus that is prevalent across the Colombian Pacific coast, and is potentially transmissible by transfusion. Blood bank screening has been regulated since 2004, in order to reduce transmission of HTLV I/II through donation. Information on the seroprevalence of the virus in southwestern Colombia is limited. Objective: To determine the seroprevalence and the behavior of reactivity to HTLV I/II before and after the introduction of Western blot, and the comorbidity of HTLV and other infectious markers in donors from a blood bank in Cali, Colombia. Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 77,117 blood bank donors from the Fundación Valle del Lili by analyzing records of donors who had been tested with the reactive test for anti-HTLV I-II antibodies (IgG) between January, 2008, and December, 2014. Results: The cumulative seroprevalence during the study period was 0.24% (186/77,119). Reactivity was more common in women (61%), and the median age was 37 years (IQR: 24-48). The seroprevalence in the years before the introduction of Western blot was 0.13%, 0.19%, 0.31%, 0.32% and 0.18% (2008-2012), and thereafter it was 0.08% and 0.07% (2012-2014). Concomitant reactivity with other infectious markers was 11%: syphilis (57%), followed by HIV (19%), hepatitis B (14%) and hepatitis C (9%). The highest seroprevalence (0.38%) was reported in 2012. Conclusion: We found a high prevalence of reactivity to HTLV I-II compared to that reported in other studies. The results of this study are a starting point for the development of population studies.


Subject(s)
HTLV-I Antibodies , HTLV-II Antibodies , Blood Donors , Blotting, Western , Prevalence , Serology
10.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 755-758, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493759

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of α-actinin-1 protein (ACTN1) in prostate cancer (PCa) and prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Methods The clinical data of patients with PCa or BPH treated in our school affiliated hospital were collected between January 2007—October 2014, according to certain criteria. Immunohistochemistry method was used to detect the expression of ACTN1 in 30 samples of PCa and 30 samples of BPH tissues. Western blot assay was used to detect the relative expression of ACTN1 in 18 samples of PCa and 20 samples of BPH tissues in two groups. Results The result of immunohistochemistry showed that the positive expression rates of ACTN1 were 76.7%and 20%in PCa and BPH groups respectively. The difference was statistically significant (P 0.05). There were significant differences in ACTN1 levels between different Gleason score and T staging groups (P<0.05). Conclusion The expression ofα-actinin-1 is significantly higher in PCa tissues than that in BPH tissues. There is the relationship between expression of ACTN1, Gleason scores and T staging.

11.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1081-1083, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498689

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression and significance of Rac1 and WAVE2 protein in glomerulus of high- fat diet induced C57BL/6J model mice. Methods Thirty-two male C57BL/6J mice (3-week old) were randomly assigned into two groups(16 in each group). The control group was fed with basic diet (10%fat) for 4 weeks. The high-fat diet group was fed with high-fat diet (60%fat) for 4 weeks. The kidney morphological changes were examined by HE and PAS staining. The expressions of Rac1 and WAVE2 protein were examined by Western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis. Results HE and PAS results showed that there were glomeruli mesangial matrix hyperplasia and exudation in high-fat diet group compared with control group. The immunohistochemistry and Western blotting results showed that expressions of Rac 1 and WAVE2 in glomerulus were both increased in high-fat diet group compared with those of control group. Conclusion Rac1 and WAVE2 protein may be involved in glomerular injuries induced by high-fat diet.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493154

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the influence of N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) on the growth and invasive ability of human colon cancer cell line SW620,and to explore its mechanism.Methods pcDNA3.1-NDRG2 and siRNA-NDRG2 were transfected transiently respectively into SW620 by Lipofectamine TM 2000,untreated cells as the control group.Western blotting was used to investigate the expression of NDRG2 and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2).Matrigel invasion assay was used to study the invasive abilities of SW620 cells in all groups.The growth curve was determined through 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazoly)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide method.Result After transfecting pcDNA3.1-NDRG2 into the SW620 cells,the protein level of NDRG2 increased and the expression of MMP-2 declined markedly.After transfecting siRNA-NDRG2 into the SW620 cells,the protein level of NDRG2 declined and the expression of MMP-2 increased markedly.In addition,compared with the control group (75.80 ± 4.82),the numbers of transmembrane cells in pcDNA3.1 group (56.20 ± 7.40) and in siRNA group (94.20 ± 9.23) were significantly different (t =13.102,P =0.000;t =11.820,P =0.000).The growth curve showed that:compared with the control group (0.67 ±0.01),the absorbance of the fifth day after transfection in pcDNA3.1 group (0.46 ±0.01) and in siRNA group (0.91 ± 0.02) were different significantly (t =9.561,P =0.000;t =10.922,P =0.000).Conclusion NDRG2 can reduce the invasion and proliferation ability of colon cancer cell SW620,and its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of MMP-2 expression.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491427

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect and explore the expression and clinical significance of dual specificity tyrosine phosphorylation regulated kinase1b (Dyrk1b) in the specimens and cells of cervical lesions. Methods (1)All the data were collected from 75 patients with cervical cancer and 52 cases with squamous intraepithelial lesion(SIL)admitted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical College during Jan. 2011 to Dec. 2013 and confirmed by pathological examination, included 60 cases of stageⅠand 15 cases of stageⅡ, 12 cases with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion(LSIL)and 40 cases with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion(HSIL). While, 28 cases with chronic cervicitis were chosen as the control group. The protein expression of Dyrk1b was detected by immunohistochemistry among the four groups.(2)The expression of Dyrk1b in HeLa and SiHa cells were detected by western blot method and the expression of Dyrk1b protein were also detected after treatment of AZ191 (5, 10 μmol/L) for 48 hours in HeLa and SiHa cells.(3)The cellular survival and proliferation of HeLa and SiHa cells treated by different concentrations of AZ191(2.5, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 μmol/L)for 48 hours were detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay.(4)The rate of apoptosis of HeLa and SiHa cells was detected by flowcytometry after treatment of AZ191 (5, 10μmol/L) for 48 hours. Results (1)The positive rates of Dyrk1b protein in chronic cervicitis, LSIL, HSIL and cervical squamous cancer by immunohistochemistry were 11%(3/28), 1/12, 42%(17/40)and 71%(53/75), respectively. The expression of Dyrk1b in cervical squamous cancer and HISL were higher than those in LSIL and chronic cervicitis (P0.05). Expression of Dyrk1b was correlated with stromal invasion depth of cervical cancer (P0.05). (2) Dyrk1b protein was expressed in different levels in HeLa and SiHa cells, and the expression of Dyrk1b was decreased gradually as the increased of the concentration of AZ191 in both HeLa and SiHa cells by treatment of AZ191 for 48 hours. (3) Different concentration of AZ191 treated on cervical cancer cells could inhibit the cellular proliferation and induce cell apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner(P<0.01), concomitant to the decreased cell survival rate. The apoptosis rate of HeLa and SiHa were increased significantly after 10μmol/L AZ191-treatment for 48 hours, but no any difference induced by 5 μmol/L AZ191-treatment compared to control group. Also,there was no any difference between Hela and SiHa cells in either inhibitory effect or apoptosis rate induced by AZ191. Conclusions Dyrk1b is over-expressed in either specimens or cells of cervical cancer. The expression of Dyrk1b protein in cervical lesions is increased as the progression of disease. Dyrk1b inhibitor AZ191 could inhibit cellular proliferation and induce apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner in cervical cancer cells.

14.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 169-173, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486082

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship between the expression of protection of telomeres 1 (POT1) and the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods 62 patients with de novo AML (case group) and 10 patients with iron deficiency anemia (control group) were enrolled in this study. The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot were used to detect the expression of POT1 in AML patients. Results There were 62 de novo AML patients, including 2 cases M1, 14 cases M2, 12 cases M3, 14 cases M4, 17 cases M5, 2 cases M6 and 1 case AML without classification. According to the risk stratification, high risk group (24 cases), medium risk group (22 cases) and low risk group (16 cases) were divided. Compared with that in the controls, POT1 expression levels in patients with AML were significantly decreased both in mRNA and protein level (P 0.05). Conclusions POT1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of AML. POT1 protein expresses in both cytoplasm and nucleus, and the regulatory mechanism may be related to the telomere length.

15.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 29(2): 178-185, 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-834221

ABSTRACT

It has been argued that specific salivary proteins could have a protective effect against caries, but data from the many available studies are rather contradictory. The purpose of this study was to analyze whether there is a relationship between protein concentration, electrophoretic profile and concentration of salivary IgA and the presence or absence of caries in adults. Adults with high caries activity (HC) and without caries lesions (CF), assessed by ICDAS criteria, were asked to provide unstimulated saliva samples. Protein concentration (μg/mL) was determined using the Bradford method. Western blotting was used to detect IgA. Data were compared using Student’s t test at p<0.05. Total protein concentration in CF was higher (50.65±7.5 μg/mL) than in HC individuals (26.80±2.5 μg/mL) (p=0.001). More protein bands were visualized in the gels from CF than the HC group (p=0.001). CF subjects showed higher salivary IgA concentration (11.27±0.5 μg) than HC individuals (1.71±0.2μg) (p=0.001).Salivary composition in high caries experience and cariesfree young adults seems to differ in terms of the type and amount of proteins. Further research is needed to expand these findings.


Se ha descrito que proteínas salivales específicas podrían tener un efecto protector sobre la caries, sin embargo, los datos de los numerosos estudios disponibles son contradictorios. El propósito de este trabajo fue analizar si existe una relación entre la concentración total de proteínas, perfil electroforético y la concentración de IgA salival y la presencia o ausencia de lesiones de caries en adultos. Se obtuvieron muestras de flujo salival no estimulado de adultos con alta actividad de caries (HC) y sin lesiones de caries (CF), evaluados según criterios ICDAS. La concentración total de proteínas (mg / ml) se determinó utilizando el método de Bradford. Para detección de IgA se empleó Western Blot. Los datos se compararon mediante la prueba t student, estableciendo diferencias significativas si p<0,05. La concentración total de proteínas en CF fue mayor (50,65 ± 7,5 mg / ml) que en individuos HC (26,80 ± 2,5 mg / ml) (p=0,001). En los geles, se visualizó un mayor número de bandas de proteínas en CF que en el grupo HC (p=0,001). Los Sujetos CF mostraron mayor concentración de IgA salival (11,27 ± 0,5 μg) que los individuos HC (1,71 ± 0,2 μg) (p=0,001). La composición salival de sujetos adultos jóvenes con alta experiencia y libres de caries, parece ser diferente en función del tipo y la cantidad de proteínas. Se requiere de más investigación para profundizar estos resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Caries/microbiology , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Salivary Proteins and Peptides/analysis , Saliva/chemistry , Chile , Dental Caries/diagnosis , DMF Index , Electrophoresis/methods , Immunoglobulin A/physiology , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Blotting, Western/methods
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 30(2): 211-218, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748936

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Rheumatic Fever represents a serious public health problem in developing countries, with thousands of new cases each year. It is an autoimmune disease, which occurs in response to infection by streptococcus A. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunolabeling and protein expression for endothelin-1 and 3 (ET-1, ET-3) and its receptors (ETA, ETB) in rheumatic mitral valves. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to identify ET-1/ET-3 and ETA/ETB receptors in rheumatic and control mitral valves. Quantitative analysis of immunostaining for ET-1/ET-3 and ETA/ETB receptors was performed. In addition, western blot analysis was carried out to assess protein levels in tissue samples. Results: ET-1 and ETA receptor immunostaining predominated in stenotic valves, mainly associated with fibrotic regions, inflammatory areas and neovascularization. Quantitative analysis showed that the average area with positive expression of ET-1 was 18.21±14.96%. For ETA and ETB, the mean expressed areas were respectively 15.06±13.13% and 9.20±11.09%. ET-3 did not have a significant expression. The correlation between the expression of both endothelin receptors were strongly positive (R=0.74, P=0.02), but the correlation between ET-1 and its receptor were negative for both ETA (R=-0.37, P=0.25), and ETB (R=-0.14, P=0.39). This data was supported by western blot analysis. Conclusion: The strong correlation between ET-1 and its receptors suggests that both play a role in the pathophysiology of rheumatic mitral valve stenosis and may potentially act as biomarkers of this disease. .


Resumo Introdução: A febre reumática representa um sério problema de saúde pública em países em desenvolvimento, com milhares de novos casos a cada ano. Ela é uma doença autoimune que ocorre em resposta à infecção por estreptococos do grupo A. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a expressão proteica e imunohistoquímica para a endotelina-1 e 3 (ET-1 e ET-3) e seus receptores (ETA e ETB) em valvas mitrais reumáticas. Métodos: Imunohistoquímica foi utilizada para identificar receptores de ET1/ET3 e ETA/ETB em valvas mitrais reumáticas e controles. A análise quantitativa da expressão imunohistoquímica para receptores de ET1/ET3 e ETA/ETB foi também efetuada. Adicionalmente, foi feita análise do western blot para mensurar níveis de proteínas em extratos tissulares. Resultados: A expressão imunohistoquímica de ET-1 e de seu receptor predominou em valvas estenóticas, estando associada com regiões fibróticas, áreas inflamatórias e neovascularização. A análise quantitativa mostrou que a área média com expressão positiva para ET-1 foi de 18,21±14,96%. Para o ETA e o ETB, as áreas médias expressas foram, respectivamente, 15,06±13,13% e 9,20±11,09%. ET-3 não teve uma expressão significante. A correlação entre a expressão dos dois receptores de endotelina foi fortemente positiva (R=0,74, P=0,02); mas a correlação entre ET-1 e o seu receptor foi negativa tanto para ETA (R=-0,37, P=0,25) como para ETB (R=-0,14, P=0,39). Estes dados foram confirmados pela análise do western blot. Conclusão: A forte correlação entre ET-1 e seus receptores sugere que ambos têm papel importante na fisiopatologia da estenose mitral reumática, podendo potencialmente atuar como biomarcadores desta doença. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Endothelin-1/analysis , /analysis , Mitral Valve Stenosis/pathology , Receptor, Endothelin A/analysis , Receptor, Endothelin B/analysis , Rheumatic Fever/pathology , Blotting, Western , Biomarkers/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Calcium/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Mitral Valve Stenosis/physiopathology , Reference Values , Rheumatic Fever/physiopathology
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146120

ABSTRACT

Preeclampsia is one of the most important and complexed disorders for women's health. Searching for novel proteins as biomarkers to reveal pathogenesis, proteomic approaches using 2DE has become a valuable tool to understanding of preeclampsia. To analyze the proteomic profiling of preclamptic placenta compared to that of normal pregnancy for better understanding of pathogenesis in preeclampsia, placentas from each group were handled by use of proteomics approach using 2DE combined with MALDI-TOF-MS. The 20 spots of showing differences were analysed and identified. Among differentially expressed protein spots Hsp 27 and Hsp 70 were selected for validation using Western blot analysis. In preeclamptic placenta 9 differentially expressed proteins were down-regulated with Hsp 70, serum albumin crystal structure chain A, lamin B2, cytokeratin 18, actin cytoplasmic, alpha fibrinogen precursor, septin 2, dihydrolipoamide branched chain transacylase E2 and firbrinogen beta chain. The 11 up-regulated proteins were fibrinogen gamma, cardiac muscle alpha actin proprotein, cytokeratin 8, calumenin, fibrinogen fragment D, F-actin capping protein alpha-1 subunit, Hsp 27, Hsp 40, annexin A4, enoyl-CoA delta isomerase and programmed cell death protein 6. The western blot analysis for validation also showed significant up-regulation of Hsp 27 and down-regulation of Hsp 70 in the placental tissues with preeclmaptic pregnancies. This proteomic profiling of placenta using 2DE in preeclampsia successfully identifies various proteins involved in apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, as well as three Hsps with altered expression, which might play a important role for the understanding of pathogenesis in preeclampsia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Placenta/metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia/metabolism , Pregnancy/metabolism , Proteome/metabolism , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity
18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 719-722, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478493

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the expression characteristics of annexin A2 in dermal papilla cells (DPCs) with aggregative behavior.Methods Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot were performed to measure the mRNA and protein expressions of annexin A2 respectively in DPCs with or without aggregative behavior.Results The mRNA expression level of annexin A2 was significantly higher in DPCs with aggregative behavior than in those without aggregative behavior (0.50 ± 0.15 vs.0.35 ± 0.19, t =8.26, P < 0.05).Western blot showed that annexin A2 had two isoforms, including one isoform with a relative molecular mass of 40 000 and the other one with a relative molecular mass of 36 000.The annexin A2 isoform with a relative molecular mass of 40 000 was highly expressed in both DPCs with aggregative behavior and those without aggregative behavior, while the other isoform was only expressed in DPCs with aggregative behavior.Conclusion Annexin A2 may be closely related to the aggregative growth of DPCs.

19.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 505-509,514, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602670

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of DNA binding protein A (dbpA) in patients with colorectal carcinoma of different stages and its significance.Methods Expression of dbpA protein and mRNA in specimens of normal tissues and colorectal cancer were detected by immunohistochemistry,expression of dbpA mRNA and protein of colorectal cancer cell lines SW480,RKO,SW620,DLD-1,HT-29,SW1463 and tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry,RT-PCR and Western blot.Results There was no positive staining dbpA protein and mRNA in normal colorectal tissues.However,dbpA was expressed in epithelial cells of colorectal mucosa [dbpA mRNA:80.0 % (48/60),10.0 % (6/60);dbpA protein:83.3 % (50/60),10.0 % (6/60),P < 0.01].And there was no expression in normal colorectal cell,but its expression was high in 6 colorectal cancer cells (P < 0.05).The high expression of dbpA was correlation with the infiltration depth,lymph node metastasis and type of histology (P < 0.05),and had effect in prognosis of colorectal cancer (P < 0.05).Conclusion Elevated dbpA may be related to the pathogenesis and development of colorectal carcinoma,and dbpA may be a prognostic factor of colorectal carcinoma.

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 484-486,490, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601556

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of over-expressed macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human cervical carcinoma SiHa cells.Methods Recombinant eukaryotic expression plasmid liposome enhanced transfection of green fluorescent protein gene (pEGFP-N1)-MIF was constructed and then transfected into human cervical cancer SiHa cells.Experimental cells were classified into three groups (SiHa-pEGFP-N1-MIF,SiHa-pEGFP-N1,and SiHa).Western blot was used to detect the expression of MIF protein,and the expressions of EMT-related markers such as E-cadherin and vimentin in SiHa cells were determined before and after transfection.Results The eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1-MIF significantly increased the expression of MIF protein in SiHa cells (P < 0.05),and after overexpression of MIF gene in SiHa cells,the expression of E-cadherin protein in SiHa-pEGFP-N1-MIF group was significantly lower than that in control groups (P <0.05),while the expression of vimentin in SiHa-pEGFP-N1-MIF group was significantly higher than that in control groups (P < 0.05).Conclusions Overexpression of MIF in cervical cancer SiHa cells can promote the EMT occurrence.

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