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2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908318

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The importance of autophagy for maintaining cellular homeostasis and stress response has long been recognized.As a way for cells to selectively clear their damaged organelles to achieve the recycling of cellular components,autophagy has a pivotal role in bone metabolism.OBJECTIVE:To review the role and possible mechanisms of autophagy in regulating bone-related cell activity and function among bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells,osteoblasts,osteocytes,and osteoclasts.METHODS:PubMed was searched for studies related to autophagy using the keywords of "autophagy;bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells;osteoblasts;osteocytes;osteoclasts."RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:We finally included 84 papers.Autophagy plays an important role in bone metabolism.Autophagy is involved in maintaining the balance between mineralization and absorption,and then maintaining bone homeostasis.An appropriate autophagy inducer may also benefit bone remodeling.Abnormal autophagy can lead to disorders of bone balance,leading to diseases such as osteoporosis.We may prevent or treat bone-related diseases by regulating the level of autophagy as its function in maintaining the balance of mineralization and resorption in bone homeostasis.

3.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 26: e210455, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356352

ABSTRACT

Este artigo é parte inicial de uma pesquisa realizada em um centro de transplante de medula óssea, do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), cujos usuários são pessoas em situação de extrema vulnerabilidade. Sua proposta é analisar dimensões que atravessam a prática em saúde e não se reduzem a resultados imediatamente mensuráveis, podendo ser chamadas de dimensões intangíveis do cuidar. O objetivo é refletir sobre o encontro profissional-paciente, em sua relação com o adoecimento e a morte, sob o conceito psicanalítico de inconsciente. Para isso, foi realizado o relato de situações vividas no campo denominadas vinhetas clínicas; e, com base nas articulações teóricas elaboradas, consideram-se os vetores da biopolítica, ética e afeto como axiais à assistência. Conclui com a necessidade de propor perspectivas do cuidar que reconheçam a subjetividade concernida à prática assistencial.


This article is based on the initial stages of a study undertaken in a public bone marrow transplant center for extremely vulnerable people. We analyze dimensions that cut across health care practice not reduced to immediately measureable results, otherwise called intangible dimensions of care. We reflect on the intersection between health professionals and patients in relation to illness and death drawing on the psychoanalytic concept of the unconscious. To this end, we document situations experienced in the field called clinical vignettes. Drawing on the theoretical framework, we consider the vectors biopolitics, ethics and affection to be core aspects of care. We conclude that there is a need for approaches to care that recognize the subjectivity of health care practice.


Este artículo es parte inicial de una investigación realizada en un centro de trasplante de médula ósea del Sistema Único de Salud, cuyos usuarios son personas en situaciones de extremada vulnerabilidad. Su propuesta es analizar dimensiones que atraviesan la práctica en salud y no se reducen a resultados inmediatamente mensurables, pudiendo llamarse de dimensiones intangibles del cuidar. El objetivo es reflexionar sobre el encuentro profesional-paciente en su relación con la enfermedad y la muerte, bajo el concepto psicoanalítico de inconsciente. Para ello, se realizó el relato de situaciones vividas en el campo, denominadas viñetas clínicas; y a partir de las articulaciones teóricas elaboradas se consideran los vectores de la biopolítica, ética y afecto como axiales a la asistencia. Se concluye con la necesidad de proponer perspectivas del cuidar que reconozcan la subjetividad relativa a la práctica asistencial.

4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354953

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se ha descrito que, a nivel medular, el SARS-COV2 puede comprometer la hematopoyesis, manifestándose con citopenias y solo se cuenta con estudios realizados en autopsias. Objetivo: describir las características morfológicas de las médulas óseas de los pacientes hospitalizados por neumonía por COVID-19 en el Hospital Nacional "Dos de Mayo". Material y métodos: Estudio observacional transversal retrospectivo llevado a cabo en pacientes mayores de 18 años con diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19 mediante prueba rápida o molecular y se excluyeron a aquellos con historia clínica incompleta, ilegible o extraviada y/o neumonía bacteriana o fúngica. Los hallazgos de las lecturas de las médulas óseas fueron confirmados por un hematólogo entrenado, recabándose datos como: Hemosiderina, celularidad, relación mielo/eritroide, serie mieloide, megacariocítica y células plasmáticas. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva basada en frecuencias y porcentajes para las variables cualitativas y media y desviación estándar para las variables cuantitativas. Resultados: Se incluyeron a un total de 30 pacientes. Los hallazgos medulares más frecuentes fueron: macrófagos con citofagocitosis 87% (n=26), hiperplasia con detención en la maduración de los progenitores mieloides en el 70% (n=21). El 87% (n=26) de las muestras presentó eosinofilia. En el 57% (n=17) de las muestras se observó ninguna o poca evidencia de formación plaquetaria. En el 40% (n=12) se encontró 6% de células plasmáticas. Conclusión: Los pacientes con infección por SARS-COV2, presentan alteraciones medulares entre los que destacan: la citofagocitosis con hiperplasia y detención de la maduración en la serie mieloide, poca o nula producción plaquetaria en los megacariocitos y eosinofilia.


Background: At the spinal level, SARS-CoV2 can compromise hematopoiesis, manifesting itself with cytopenias and there are only studies carried out in autopsies. Objective: to describe the morphological characteristics of the bone marrow of patients hospitalized for pneumonia due toCOVID-19 at the Hospital Nacional "Dos de Mayo". The study: Retrospective cross-sectional study carried out in patients diagnosed with COVID-19. The bone marrow readings were confirmed by atrained hematologist. Descriptive statistics were used for the quantitative and qualitative variables. Findings: 30 patients were included. The most frequent findings were: macrophages with cytophagocytosis (87%), hyperplasia with arrest in the maturation of myeloid progenitors (70%). 87% of the samples presented eosinophilia. Little or no evidence of platelet formation was observed in 57% of the samples. In 40%, 6% of plasma cells were found. Conclusion: SARS-CoV2 infection can generate spinal cord disorders.

5.
Femina ; 49(12): 648-657, 20211130. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358200

ABSTRACT

O transplante de medula óssea (TMO) é um procedimento indicado para o tratamento de doenças hematológicas, que afetam muitas mulheres jovens. O aperfeiçoamento dos cuidados durante o TMO proporciona altos índices de cura e de sobrevida. No entanto, pode deixar sequelas em vários órgãos e sistemas, entre eles o sistema reprodutor e os órgãos genitais, impactando negativamente a qualidade de vida das receptoras do TMO. O objetivo desta publicação foi realizar uma revisão narrativa sobre o tema e propor um protocolo assistencial que torne acessível os cuidados relacionados à saúde sexual e reprodutiva a esse grupo especial de mulheres, baseado em dados clínicos de um ambulatório de assistência ginecológica às mulheres transplantadas no Hospital Amaral Carvalho, em Jaú, no interior de São Paulo.(AU)


Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is indicated for the treatment of hematological diseases which affect many young women. The improvement of care during BMT procedures provides higher cure and survival rates. however, it can cause sequelae in various organs and systems, including the reproductive system and genitals, negatively impacting quality of life. The purpose of this publication is to present a narrative review related to this theme and to propose a healthcare protocol that allows sexual and reproductive care in this special group of patients, based on the clinical experience of a gynecological outpatient clinic at the Amaral Carvalho Hospital, in Jaú (SP) which specifically care for these women.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Postoperative Complications , Bone Marrow Transplantation/adverse effects , Clinical Protocols , Risk Factors , Immunosuppression/adverse effects , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency/physiopathology , Female Urogenital Diseases/physiopathology , Graft vs Host Disease/physiopathology
6.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(3): 313-323, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346255

ABSTRACT

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a treatment that requires long periods of hospitalization. The mobility restrictions result in physical, functional and psychological impairments. Physical exercise is a therapy that can restore physical and functional capacities; however, it is necessary to understand the effects of its practice in post-HSCT individuals. The purpose of this systematic review (SR) was to assess the impact of physical exercise in children and adolescents undergoing HSCT. The SR was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines through search in the electronic databases Embase, Lilacs, PEDro, PubMed and SCOPUS, without limitation of dates and languages. Randomized or non-randomized clinical trials with children and adolescents who underwent HSCT, aged between 3 to 19 years old, who participated in a regular physical activity program, were assessed. After removing duplicates and selecting studies according to the eligibility criteria, seven parallel studies incorporating hospitalized and discharged participants undertaking aerobic and strengthening exercises were included in this study. The main outcomes analyzed were exercise capacity, quality-of-life, body composition and freedom. Five studies comprised the meta-analysis regarding the effects of the distance walked in the 6-min walk test and quality-of-life. Physical exercise is considered to be safe, feasible and efficacious to prevent the decline of the quality-of-life in children and adolescents undergoing HCST, as well as a considerable improvement in physical capacity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Exercise , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Quality of Life , Child , Adolescent
7.
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 78(3): 159-170, May.-Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285480

ABSTRACT

Abstract Acute leukemia is the leading cause of death in children worldwide, particularly in developing countries where the growing number of cases with unfavorable prognosis and high risk of early relapse have positioned pediatric cancer as a priority. The late and imprecise diagnosis, malnutrition and unfavorable environmental conditions, and toxicity-associated therapy are some of the factors that compromise the success of the treatment and affect survival rates in vulnerable regions. An early and exhaustive classification of malignant neoplasms at the clinical debut and the proper follow-up of treatment’s response constitute one of the most powerful prognostic factors. Remarkably, the ultrasensitive detection of residual and relapse clones that determine the minimal/measurable residual disease (MRD) has been a milestone in the comprehensive management of hematologic malignancies that favorably improve the complete remission cases. In this review, we discuss the scientific and technological advances applied to laboratory diagnosis in MRD determination: from the multiparametric immunophenotyping to next-generation sequencing and cytomics. As a result of multidisciplinary research in the main concentration oncology centers and laboratories, residual leukemia detection strategies that combine molecular analysis and cellular markers are recommended as the most valuable tools, making them the paradigm for stratification campaigns in vulnerable regions.


Resumen La leucemia aguda es la principal causa de muerte por enfermedad en la población infantil mundial, en particular en los países con economías en desarrollo, donde el creciente número de casos con pronóstico desfavorable y riesgo de recaídas tempranas ha posicionado a esta enfermedad como una prioridad de salud. El diagnóstico tardío y de baja precisión, la ausencia de condiciones favorables de alimentación y entorno ambiental, así como la toxicidad asociada a la terapia, son algunos de los factores que condicionan el éxito del tratamiento y afectan las tasas de supervivencia en las regiones más vulnerables. La clasificación temprana y exhaustiva del tumor maligno en la presentación clínica y durante el seguimiento de respuesta al tratamiento es uno de los más poderosos factores pronósticos. En especial, la detección ultrasensible de clonas residuales y reemergentes que determinan la enfermedad residual mínima medible ha sido un hito en el manejo integral de las neoplasias hematológicas y ha impactado favorablemente en las cifras de remisión completa. En esta revisión se comentan los avances científicos y tecnológicos aplicados al diagnóstico de laboratorio y a la determinación de la enfermedad residual mínima: desde la inmunofenotipificación multiparamétrica hasta la secuenciación y la citómica de última generación. Como resultado de las investigaciones multidisciplinarias en los principales centros oncológicos de concentración y los laboratorios de clase mundial, las estrategias de detección de la leucemia residual que combinan análisis moleculares y marcadores celulares han sido recomendadas como las de mayor utilidad, por lo que son el paradigma para las campañas de estratificación en las regiones vulnerables.

8.
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 78(3): 225-233, May.-Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285487

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Osteopetrosis is a rare hereditary bone dysplasia characterized by insufficient osteoclast activity that results in increased bone mineral density. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can reverse skeletal abnormalities and restore hematopoiesis. Case report: We present the case of a 3-year and 2-month-old male patient with the diagnosis of osteopetrosis. The patient underwent allogeneic HSCT (Allo-HSCT) using 100% compatible bone marrow from a related donor and received a myeloablative conditioning regimen and a CD34 cell dose (4.7 × 107/kg). In the early post-transplant, frequent complications such as pneumonitis, hypercalcemia, and hyperphosphatemia ocurred. With a suitable granulocytic graft and chimerism of 100%, it was considered a successful transplant. However, the patient showed a delayed platelet graft treated with a platelet-stimulating factor for 6 months. The patient is currently disease-free, outpatient follow-up, with no data on graft-versus-host disease, and no progressive neurological damage. Conclusions: Osteopetrosis is a childhood disease that requires clinical suspicion and early diagnosis. HSCT is necessary at an early age to prevent disease progression and sensorineural, hematological, and endocrinological functions damage that can lead to death.


Resumen Introducción: La osteopetrosis es una displasia ósea hereditaria poco común, caracterizada por una actividad osteoclástica deficiente que aumenta la densidad mineral ósea. Se considera que el trasplante de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas (TCPH) puede revertir las anormalidades esqueléticas y restaurar la hematopoyesis. Caso clínico: Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino, de 3 años y 2 meses de edad, con diagnóstico tardío de osteopetrosis. Se realizó un TCPH alogénico de donador relacionado 100% compatible con médula ósea. Se utilizaron un régimen de acondicionamiento mieloablativo y una dosis celular de CD34 de 4.7 × 107/kg de peso. En el postrasplante temprano, el paciente desarrolló complicaciones como neumonitis, hipercalcemia e hiperfosfatemia. Con un injerto granulocítico adecuado y quimerismo del 100% se consideró un trasplante exitoso. Sin embargo, el paciente presentó retraso en el injerto plaquetario, por lo que se administró factor estimulante de plaquetas por 6 meses. Actualmente el paciente se encuentra libre de enfermedad, en seguimiento ambulatorio, sin datos de enfermedad del injerto contra el hospedero y con pruebas de neurodesarrollo sin deterioro neurológico progresivo. Conclusiones: La osteopetrosis es una enfermedad infantil que requiere una sospecha clínica y un diagnóstico temprano, ya que es necesario un TCPH a corta edad como tratamiento para evitar la progresión de la enfermedad y el deterioro de las funciones neurosensoriales, hematológicas y endocrinológicas que puede derivar en la defunción del paciente.

9.
Rev. invest. clín ; 73(2): 79-86, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251867

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Bone marrow evaluation (BME) is crucial for establishing an accurate staging and prognosis in lymphoma patients. Objective: The objective of the study was to study the diagnostic performance of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG PET-CT) against bone marrow biopsy (BMB) for BME. Methods: Five hundred patient files of newly diagnosed lymphoma patients treated at an academic medical center were reviewed for BME at diagnosis by BMB and FDG PET-CT. Diagnostic performance of FDG PET-CT for detecting bone marrow infiltration (BMI) was assessed, as well as clinical predictors for positive BMB and positive FDG PET-CT. Results: BMB was positive in 16.3% of all patients, and 28.7% had a positive FDG PET-CT for BMI. Overall, the sensitivity of FDG PET-CT was 74.1% and specificity 80.1%. As for predictors for BMB and FDG PET-CT positivity, B symptoms and thrombocytopenia were independent factors for BMI. Seventy-four patients had discordant results between BMB and FDG PET-CT, non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) having the most significant discordance. This discrepancy did not affect treatment. Conclusions: FDG PET-CT shows excellent performance for the detection of BMI in Hodgkin lymphoma. For diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, we recommend performing BMB and FDG PET-CT as complementary tests. In all other NHL, a unilateral BMB is mandatory at diagnosis.

10.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(1): e1298, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251716

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The reactivations of latent virus after bone marrow transplants affect the outcome of these patients. Hemorrhagic cystitis caused by BK virus, constitute a frequently lethal complication characterized by abdominal pain, hematuria and renal damage. The incidence is between 13-70 % in hematopoietic transplant receptors. The management includes antibiotics, antivirals, hyperhydration and forced diuresis, platelets and hyperbaric oxygen. Condyloma acuminatum of the anus associated to human papillomavirus is rare among transplanted patients (0.3-1.3 %). It is characterized by an invading mass in the region of the anus producing pain and bleeding. The treatment of choice is the surgical resection of the tumor. Objectives: To describe the clinical characteristics and evolution of hemorrhagic cystitis and anal condyloma acuminatum in a receptor of haploidentical hematopoietic transplant. Discussion: A 20-year-old man with diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia, on day +21 post-transplant presented macroscopic hematuria associated to BK virus reactivation and resolved with hyperbaric oxygen. On day + 59 post-transplant, anal pain started and a perianal, cauliflower-like mass over 5 cm, was observed. He was diagnosed with condyloma acuminatum of the anus and surgical resection was successfully performed. Conclusions: We reported a unique case of concurrence of both, hemorrhagic cystitis and condyloma acuminatum of the anus after haploidentical hematopoietic transplant. The proper management of these two pathologies allowed a satisfactory evolution of the patient.


RESUMEN Introducción: La reactivación de virus latentes en el organismo después del trasplante de progenitores hematopoyéticos (TPH) afecta la evolución de estos pacientes. La cistitis hemorrágica por virus BK constituye una complicación frecuentemente mortal caracterizada por dolor suprapúbico, hematuria y daño renal. La incidencia varía entre 13 y 70 % de los receptores de trasplante hematopoyético. El tratamiento comprende el uso de antibióticos, antivirales, hidratación y diuresis forzada, plaquetas y oxígeno hiperbárico. El condiloma acuminado del ano asociado al virus del papiloma humano es extremadamente raro en pacientes trasplantados (0,3-1,3 %). Se caracteriza por una masa que invade la región del ano produciendo dolor y sangramiento. El tratamiento de elección consiste en la resección quirúrgica del tumor. Objetivos: Describir las características clínicas, el manejo y la evolución de cistitis hemorrágica y condiloma acuminado anal en un receptor de trasplante hematopoyético haploidéntico. Presentación del caso: Paciente de 20 años de edad con diagnóstico de leucemia mieloide aguda que en el día + 21 del trasplante comenzó con hematuria macroscópica asociada a virus BK que resolvió con oxígeno hiperbárico. En el día +59 comenzó con dolor anal y se observó una masa perianal en forma de coliflor de aproximadamente 5 cm. Se diagnosticó condiloma acuminado del ano y se realizó resección quirúrgica del tumor con todo éxito. Conclusiones: Se presenta un caso único donde concurren cistitis hemorrágica y condiloma acuminado del ano después del trasplante hematopoyético haploidéntico. El manejo apropiado de estas dos patologías condujo a la evolución satisfactoria del paciente.

11.
Curitiba; s.n; 20210311. 128 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1254859

ABSTRACT

A utilização do relaxamento com imagem guiada pode trazer benefícios ao paciente submetido ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas ao possibilitar alívio de sintomas físicos e emocionais, influenciando na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar as alterações nos domínios da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde e variáveis fisiológicas de pacientes internados submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas, que receberam a técnica de relaxamento com imagem guiada por realidade virtual. Trata-se de estudo quase-experimental, longitudinal, realizado em um Serviço de Transplante de Medula Óssea de hospital público no sul do Brasil. De outubro de 2019 a outubro de 2020, foram incluídos 42 participantes adultos submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas, sendo alocados 35 no grupo intervenção e 7 no grupo controle em uma razão 5:1. Para o primeiro, foi utilizado como intervenção o relaxamento com imagem guiada por realidade virtual. Foram aferidas pressão arterial, frequências cardíaca e respiratória, saturação de oxigênio, temperatura e dor imediatamente antes e após a intervenção. A coleta de dados ocorreu em quatro momentos: internação (T1), dia zero (T2), fase de neutropenia (T3) e pré-alta hospitalar (T4). Para ambos os grupos foram aplicados questionários sociodemográfico e clínico e Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplantation, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue e Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Neutropenia para avaliação da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde, foram avaliados também valores de hemograma e leucograma. Os resultados mostraram média geral de idade de 37,8 anos e faixa de renda de 1 a 3 salários mínimos, 21 (70%) participantes do grupo intervenção e cinco (71,43%) no controle. O transplante alogênico foi predominante, 28 (80%) no grupo intervenção e cinco (71,43%) no controle. As leucemias foram o diagnóstico mais frequente em ambos os grupos, 13 (34,14%) no grupo intervenção e três (42,86%) no controle. Não houve diferenças entre os grupos nas avaliações de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde, contudo foi encontrada diferença significativa entre as etapas e correlação positiva significativa entre as variáveis qualidade de vida geral, preocupações adicionais, fadiga e neutropenia em todas as etapas para o grupo intervenção. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre as médias das aferições antes e depois em frequência cardíaca e respiratória, temperatura, saturação de oxigênio e pressão arterial no grupo intervenção. Houve semelhança no comportamento dos valores de hemograma, leucograma e no tempo para pega medular em ambos os grupos. A intervenção é, em geral, bem aceita e não foram encontradas evidências de eventos adversos relacionados à sua aplicação. Apesar de não ter sido verificada influência da imagem guiada na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde neste estudo, as alterações nos dados vitais demonstraram eficácia para a indução de estado de relaxamento. Assim, o relaxamento com imagem guiada por realidade virtual pode ser utilizado com segurança promovendo efeitos benéficos em pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas. Os resultados encontrados apontam para a necessidade de ampliação da oferta de práticas integrativas para esses pacientes em face do comprometimento observado na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde.


The use of guided imagery relaxation can bring benefits to patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation by providing relief from physical and emotional symptoms, influencing health-related quality of life. The aim of this study was to analyze changes in the domains of health-related quality of life, and physiological variables, of hospitalized patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and received the guided imagery relaxation by virtual reality technique. This is a quasi-experimental, longitudinal, study carried out in a Bone Marrow Transplantation Service at a public hospital in southern Brazil. From October 2019 to October 2020, 42 adult participants who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were included, allocated 35 in the intervention group and 7 in the control group, in a 5:1 ratio. For the former, guided imagery relaxation by virtual reality was used as intervention. Blood pressure, heart and respiratory rates, oxygen saturation, temperature and pain were measured immediately before and after the intervention. Data collection took place in four moments : hospitalization (T1), day zero (T2), neutropenia phase (T3) and pre-hospital discharge (T4). Sociodemographic and clinical questionnaires and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplantation, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Neutropenia were applied to both groups to assess health-related quality of life, and hemogram and leukogram values were evaluated. The results show a general mean age of 37.8 years and an income range of 1 to 3 minimum wages, 21 (70%) participants in the intervention group and five (71.43%) in the control group. Allogeneic transplantation was predominant, 28 (80%) in the intervention group and five (71.43%) in the control group. Leukemias were the most frequent diagnosis in both groups, 13 (34.14%) in the intervention group and three (42.86%) in the control. There were no differences between groups in healthrelated quality of life assessments, however a significant difference was found between the stages and a significant positive correlation between the variables general quality of life, additional concerns, fatigue and neutropenia at all stages for the intervention group. Significant differences were found between the averages of the measurements before and after in heart and respiratory rate, temperature, oxygen saturation and blood pressure in the intervention group. There was a similarity in the behavior of the hemogram and leukogram values and time of engraftment in both groups. The intervention is, in general, well accepted and no evidence of adverse events related to its application has been found. Although there was no influence of the guided imagery on health-related quality of life in this study, changes in vital signs demonstrate efficacy for inducing a state of relaxation. Thus, guided imagery relaxation by virtual reality can be used safely promoting beneficial effects in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The results found point to the need to expand the offer of integrative practices for these patients in the face of the impairment observed in healthrelated quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Relaxation Therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Imagery, Psychotherapy , Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Nursing
12.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(1): 65-86, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154293

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Autoimmune diseases are an important field for the development of bone marrow transplantation, or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In Europe alone, almost 3000 procedures have been registered so far. The Brazilian Society for Bone Marrow Transplantation (Sociedade Brasileira de Transplantes de Medula Óssea) organized consensus meetings for the Autoimmune Diseases Group, to review the available literature on hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for autoimmune diseases, aiming to gather data that support the procedure for these patients. Three autoimmune diseases for which there are evidence-based indications for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are multiple sclerosis, systemic sclerosis and Crohn's disease. The professional stem cell transplant societies in America, Europe and Brazil (Sociedade Brasileira de Transplantes de Medula Óssea) currently consider hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as a therapeutic modality for these three autoimmune diseases. This article reviews the evidence available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scleroderma, Systemic , Crohn Disease , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Scleroderma, Diffuse , Multiple Sclerosis
13.
Acta ortop. bras ; 29(1): 26-29, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152724

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) with the standard treatment for gluteal tendinopathies. Methods: 48 patients diagnosed with gluteal tendinopathy at a university hospital were selected by a randomized clinical trial and divided into two groups: (G1) bone marrow aspirate concentrate and (G2) corticosteroid injections. Results: 40 of the 48 selected patients were monitored for six months and both groups showed better scores. Visual analog scale (VAS) scores and Lequesne index were statistically significant higher in patients submitted to BMAC treatment when compared to standard treatment. Both groups improved their quality of life, without statistically significant difference. Conclusion: BMAC constitutes an alternative to gluteal tendinopathy standard treatment, proving to be a safe technique with promising results when combined with multidisciplinary team behavioral therapy. Level of Evidence II, Randomized Clinical Trial.


RESUMO Objetivo: Estudo comparativo entre tratamento com corticóide e aspirado de medula óssea concentrado (BMAC) para o tratamento de tendinopatias glúteas. Métodos: O ensaio clínico randomizado selecionou pacientes diagnosticados com tendinopatia glútea e os dividiu em dois grupos: (G1) aspirado de medula óssea concentrada e (G2) injeção de corticosteróide. Resultados: Foram selecionados 48 pacientes, dos quais 40 foram monitorados por 6 meses, com melhora nos escores nos dois grupos. Os pacientes que foram submetidos ao tratamento com BMAC tiveram uma melhora estatisticamente significativa nos escores de EVA e nos escores de Lequesne em comparação ao tratamento padrão. Houve uma melhora na avaliação da qualidade de vida em ambos os grupos, sem diferença estatisticamente significativa. Conclusão: O aspirado de medula óssea concentrada surge como uma alternativa ao tratamento padrão da tendinopatia glútea, provando ser uma técnica segura e com resultados promissores quando combinada à terapia comportamental de equipe multidisciplinar. Nível de Evidência II, O ensaio clínico randomizado.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905959

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of astragaloside Ⅳ(AST Ⅳ)and Notoginseng total saponins (NTS) combined with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation on neural repair and angiogenesis in rats with cerebral ischemia. Method:The rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, low- and high-dose AST Ⅳ + NTS groups, a BMSC infusion group, and low- and high-dose BMSC infusion+AST Ⅳ (10 and 20 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) + NTS group (25, 50 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>). BMSCs were isolated and purified by whole bone marrow adherent culture. The positive expression of surface markers of BMSCs (CD29, CD90, CD34, and CD45) was detected by flow cytometry. The focal cerebral ischemia model was established by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The PKH26-labeled BMSCs were injected into the tail vein of rats in the BMSC infusion group, once a day. The rats in the combination groups received BMSC injection once a day and intragastric administration of drugs twice a day. Other groups were administered twice a day by gavage. The sham operation group and the model group received the same amount of normal saline. Symptoms and signs of neurological deficits were assessed by the Longa method and the cerebral infarction rate was determined by TTC staining. The survival and vascularization [double positive expression of PKH26/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)] after transplantation of BMSCs were observed by the immunofluorescence method. The protein expression of Ang1 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> was measured by Western blot. Result:BMSCs were properly isolated and cultured. The identification of surface markers CD29, CD90, CD34, and CD45 was consistent with the characteristics of BMSCs. The neurological deficit score and cerebral infarction rate of the model group were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). All drugs and cell transplantation could alleviate the above pathological changes in varying degrees. The strongest effect was observed in high-dose BMSC infusion+AST Ⅳ+NTS group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), which was superior to those in the AST Ⅳ+NTS groups or the BMSC infusion group. BMSC injection helped cells survive in the ischemic brain tissues and promoted angiogenesis, and this effect could be enhanced by the combination with drugs. After cerebral ischemia, the expression of Ang1 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> was increased, and the effect in the BMSC infusion+AST Ⅳ+NTS groups was the strongest (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:AST Ⅳ combined with NTS can promote the survival of transplanted BMSCs and facilitate angiogenesis after target repair of damaged blood vessels after cerebral ischemia. The mechanism may be related to the improvement of the local microenvironment in the brain after cerebral ischemia and the promotion of the survival and differentiation of transplanted stem cells.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873900

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the outcomes of steroid-associated osteonecrosis of the femoral head in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus who underwent conservative treatment and concentrated autologous bone marrow aspirate transplantationMethods: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head was classified according to the Japanese Investigation Committee system. Concentrated autologous bone marrow aspirate transplantation was performed by aspirating the bone marrow from both iliac crests and then transplanting it to the necrotic area after the core decompression. Patients with >2-year follow-up after the concentrated autologous bone marrow aspirate transplantation in our institution (Group I) and those with >2-year follow-up after the first hospital visit in a cooperative institution (Group II) were included in this study. After a randomized matching based on age, sex, type, stage, and etiology, the collapse rate in pre-collapsed stages and total hip arthroplasty conversion rate in all stages were compared between the two groups.Results: After the matching adjustment, 33 pairs of hips were included. Preoperatively, 1, 2, 16, and 14 hips were classified as types A, B, C1, and C2, respectively, and 15, 13, 2, and 3 hips were classified as stages 1, 2, 3A, and 3B, respectively. The collapse rates in the pre-collapsed stages were 68% and 39% in Groups I and II, respectively. Total hip arthroplasty conversion rates were 33% and 45% in Groups I and II, respectively. However, Group I had significantly higher and lower conversion rates in stages 1 and 3, respectively (both P<0.05).Conclusion: Conservative treatment may be preferable in stage 1 hips. In addition, concentrated autologous bone marrow aspirate transplantation may prevent further collapse in stage 3.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 597-603, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873852

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells from peripheral blood to the retina and the expression of ciliary neurotrophic factor(CNTF). We also investigate the mechanism by which Bu Shen Yi Jing Fang could treat dry age-related macular degeneration(ARMD). <p>METHODS:C57BL/6 mice were administered with sodium iodate(NaIO3)by tail intravenous injection. One day after modeling, 3×106 green fluorescent protein labeled bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells(GFP-BMSCs)were injected into the tail vein. The injected mice were randomly divided into distilled water group and Bu Shen Yi Jing Fang group according to random number table, and 12 mice in each group. The mice were intragastrical administrated with either Bu Shen Yi Jing Fang solution or distilled water every day. Twelve healthy C57BL/6 mice were fed regularly as the normal group. At 14d after the treatment, the differentiation of GFP-BMSCs in retina was determined by immunofluorescence, and the expression of CNTF in the retina was detected by immunofluorescence and quantitative real-time PCR.<p>RESULTS: Immunofluorescence staining showed that there were more glial fibrillary acidic protein(GFAP)and GFP double-stained positive cells in the Bu Shen Yi Jing Fang group than in the distilled water group(<i>P</i><0.01), and the positive rate of retinal pigment epithelium 65(RPE65)was not significantly different between two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). There were no Rhodopsin and GFP double-stained positive cells in the two groups. Immunofluorescence and quantitative real-time PCR showed that the expression of CNTF in the Bu Shen Yi Jing Fang group was higher than which in the distilled water group(<i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: Bu Shen Yi Jing Fang facilitated the differentiation of peripheral blood stem cells into glial cells in the retina and the expression of CNTF, which might be one of the mechanisms of Bu Shen Yi Jing Fang in the treatment of dry ARMD.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873571

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling pathway molecules during the process by which kaempferol (Kae) promotes osteogenic differentiation of mouse bone marrow mesenchymal cells (BMMCs) under cyclic and uniaxial tension.@*Methods @#BMMCs isolated and cultured in vitro were subjected to uniaxial dynamic tension with a 10% shape variable. The appropriate concentration of Kae was selected by cytotoxicity testing. The endogenous mTOR signal was inhibited by pp242. Four hours after traction, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and osteocalcin (OCN) were detected by chemical colorimetry and ELISA, and the relative concentration of intracellular calcium was detected by flow cytometry. Phosphorylation of mTOR, 4E/BP1, and ribosomal protein S6 kinases (S6K), which are the main molecules of the endogenous mTORC1 signaling pathway, and expression of osteogenic transcription factors (Runx2 and Osterix) were detected by western blotting (WB), and mRNA expression levels of the above factors were detected by qRT-PCR.@*Results @# The cytotoxicity test showed that 10 μmol/L Kae had little inhibitory effect on cell proliferation but had the strongest osteogenic ability. Four hours after stretching, Kae effectively promoted the osteogenic differentiation of BMMCs. The expression of ALP was (153.04 ± 18.72) U/mg, the expression of OCN was (1.64 ± 0.25) U. The mRNA and protein levels of Runx2 and Osterix were upregulated, and the intracellular calcium content was decreased. The mRNA and protein phosphorylation of mTOR and S6K was upregulated, and the opposite effect was observed with 4E/BP1. After pp242 was added to inhibit mTOR signaling, mTOR and S6K mRNA and protein phosphorylation were downregulated, but 4E/BP1 mRNA and protein phosphorylation was upregulated. The osteogenic differentiation of BMMCs was also significantly inhibited, mRNA and protein expression of Runx2 and Osterix were significantly downregulated, ALP and OCN expression were downregulated, and intracellular calcium content was increased. @* Conclusion@#Kae promotes osteogenic differentiation of mouse BMMCs under uniaxial dynamic tension through the mTORC1 signaling pathway.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873570

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Objective @#To design a novel biomimetic micro/nano hierarchical interface on endosseous titanium implants and investigate its effect on the biological activity of bone marrow mesenchymal cells.@*Methods@#Electrochemical anodization and spark plasma sintering were used to modify smooth titanium (untreated Ti group) with a microporous trabecular bone-like architecture (micro-Ti group) and TiO2 nanotube architecture (nano-TiO2 group). Additionally, electrochemical anodization was employed to prepare TiO2 nanotubes on microporous trabecular bone-like architectures, which formed a novel biomimetic hierarchical interface (micro/nano-TiO2 group). Four groups of titanium samples were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and contact angle (CA). Bone marrow mesenchymal cells (BMMCs) were seeded on four groups of titanium samples. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was employed to observe cell morphology. Cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay. The expression of focal adhesion proteins (F-actin; vinculin; osteocalcin, OCN; osteopontin, OPN) were observed under a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). The mRNA expression levels of osteogenic factors (runt-related transcription factor 2, RUNX2; osteocalcin, OCN; osteopontin, OPN; collagen I, COL I) were assessed by qRT-PCR.@*Results@# The micro/nano- TiO2 group featured a hydrophilic surface (CA=9° ± 2.1°). The results of the MTT assay indicated that the relative cell proliferation rates for the nano- TiO2 and micro/nano-TiO2 samples were significantly increased compared with those for the untreated-Ti and micro-Ti samples (P<0.001) after 5-9 days. The ALP results indicated that the micro/nano-TiO2 sample gained the highest value at 14 days. After 72 h of incubation, the expression of osteocalcin (OCN) and osteopontin (OPN) on micro/nano-TiO2 was the strongest. After 24 h incubation, the expression of F-actin on micro/nano-TiO2 was the strongest. In comparison with untreated-Ti and micro-Ti samples,the mRNA expression levels of all the osteogenic factors (runt-related transcription factor 2, RUNX2; osteocalcin, OCN; osteopontin, OPN; Collagen I, COL I) were markedly increased on the nano-TiO2 and micro/nano-TiO2 samples, the mRNA expression levels of collagen I (COL I) were significantly different between the nano-TiO2 and micro/nano-TiO2 samples versus the untreated-Ti and micro-Ti samples (P<0.001). @* Conclusion@#The novel biomimetic micro/nano hierarchical interface has a positive effect on cell attachment, viability and osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal cells.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848022

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In recent years, the incidence of non-traumatic femoral head necrosis has increased gradually. It has the characteristics of insidious onset, rapid development of disease and high disability rate, bringing a great burden to patients, their families and society. Confirming its pathogenesis is of great significance for the early effective treatment of non-traumatic femoral head necrosis. OBJECTIVE: To review the relevant literature worldwide and to summarize the research progress of osteogenic signaling pathways in the pathogenesis of non-traumatic femoral head necrosis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Medline, CNKI, VIP and WanFang databases were retrieved with the keywords of “non-traumatic osteonecrosis of femoral head, osteogenesis, signaling pathways, pathogenesis, Wnt/β-catenin, PPARy, TGF-β/Smad, PI3K/AKT, MAPK, Notch” in English and Chinese, respectively. The articles concerning mechanism and application of osteogenic signaling pathways associated with avascular necrosis of the femoral head were included. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Recently, the role of osteogenic signaling pathways in non-traumatic femoral head necrosis has received increasing attentions. The abnormal differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in the development of non-traumatic femoral head necrosis has also become an issue of concern. Abnormal differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, inhibition of osteogenic differentiation, increased bone destruction, and imbalance of bone metabolism may be the main cause of non-traumatic femoral head necrosis, and Wnt/β-catenin, PPARy, TGF-β/Smad, PI3K/AKT, MAPK, Notch and other osteogenic signaling pathways may be a viable approach to intervention for non-traumatic femoral head necrosis. Although a large number of in vitro and animal studies have confirmed that osteogenic signaling pathway may have the potential to regulate bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell differentiation and reverse femoral head necrosis, its specific mechanism of action remains unclear and little is reported on its clinical applications. Therefore, exploring the mechanism of signaling pathways and accelerating its clinical use are the directions of the future research.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate relationship between cold pain of knee joint and subchondral bone marrow edema (BME).@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to August 2019, 92 patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) associated with cold pain of knee were admitted, all patients were underwent MRI examination. The patients were divided into observation group (47 patients with BME) and control group(45 patients without BME). In observation group, there were 6 males and 41 females aged from 36 to 87 years old with an average of (63.2±12.3) years old. In control group, there were 10 males and 35 females, aged from 48 to 84 years old with an average of (62.7±8.3) years old. All patientswere treated with drugs. The degree of joint degeneration was evaluated by Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading. Degree of cold pain of knee was evaluated by knee cold pain score, and degree of BME was evaluated according to WORMS. The correlation between cold pain of knee and K-L grading and BME was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Score of cold pain in observation group (15.55±7.68) was higher than that of control group (9.42± 5.50), which had significant difference (@*CONCLUSION@#The cold pain of KOA patients is not related to K-L grading, but corelate with BME grading. The Cold pain of knee was more pronounced in KOA patients with BME, and the severity of BME is often related to degree of cold pain. It seemed to be a tendency:the more serious BME, the heavier coldpain.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow , Edema , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Pain/etiology
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