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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(8): 3239-3247, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384491

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é descrever a distribuição de Centros Transplantadores (CTs) e transplantes de células-tronco hematopoiéticas (TCTH) no território brasileiro. Estudo descritivo, que reúne informações sobre a distribuição CTs e o número de procedimentos realizados entre 2001 e 2020, a partir das fontes dos dados: Sociedade Brasileira de Terapia celular e Transplantes de Medula Óssea (SBTMO); Associação Brasileira de Transplante de Órgãos (ABTO); Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS); e Ministério da Saúde (MS). Foram identificados 86 CTs, com predominância na região Sudeste do país (64%). A região Norte não possui CTs. No período contabilizaram-se mais de 30 mil procedimentos, concentrados nas regiões Sudeste e Sul. O TCTH do tipo alogênico foi prevalente. Constataram-se divergências entre os números de transplantes realizados a depender da fonte consultada. Apesar do crescimento do número de procedimentos no período do estudo, tanto a distribuição de CTs quanto o número de TCTHs se concentrou em regiões mais desenvolvidas. Essa heterogeneidade pode ter propiciado iniquidades no acesso ao tratamento pela população.


Abstract The scope of this article is to describe the distribution of Transplant Centers (TCs) and hematopoietic stem-cell transplants (HSCTs) in the Brazilian territory. It is a descriptive study, which brings together information on the distribution of TCs and the number of procedures performed between 2001 and 2020, based on the following data sources: the Brazilian Cell Therapy and Bone Marrow Transplant Society of (SBTMO); the Brazilian Organ Transplant Association (ABTO); the Hospital Information System of the Unified Health System (SIH/SUS); and the Ministry of Health (MS). A total of 86 TCs were identified, predominantly in the Southeastern region of the country (64%). There are no TCs in the Northern region. Throughout the period, there were more than 30,000 procedures, concentrated in the Southeastern and Southern regions. The allogeneic type of HSCT was prevalent. Differences were found between the numbers of transplants performed depending on the source consulted. Despite the increase in the number of procedures during the period studied, both the distribution of TCs and the number of HSCTs were concentrated in more developed regions. This heterogeneity may have led to inequities in the access of the population to treatment.

2.
Radiol. bras ; 55(4): 216-224, Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394568

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To promote advanced research using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of and screening for osteoporosis by looking for correlations among the T-scores measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and the T1-weighted signal intensity values. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study of postmenopausal women with no contraindications to MRI and no history of cancer who underwent DEXA within 30 days before or after the MRI examination. A 3.0-T scanner was used in order to acquire sagittal sequences targeting the lumbar spine. Results: Thirteen women underwent DEXA and MRI. In two cases, the MRI was discontinued early. Therefore, the final sample comprised 11 patients. The ADC values and T1-weighted signal intensity were found to be higher in patients with osteoporosis. However, among the patients > 60 years of age with osteoporosis, ADC values were lower and T1-weighted signal intensity was even higher. Conclusion: It is unlikely that MRI will soon replace DEXA for the diagnostic workup of osteoporosis. Although DWI and ADC mapping are useful for understanding the pathophysiology of osteoporosis, we believe that T1-weighted sequences are more sensitive than is DWI as a means of performing a qualitative analysis of vertebral alterations.


Resumo Objetivo: Promover pesquisas avançadas usando ressonância magnética (RM) no diagnóstico e rastreamento de osteoporose, procurando correlações entre os escores T medidos por absorciometria de raios-X de dupla energia (DEXA), valores de coeficiente de difusão aparente (ADC) na difusão e valores de intensidade de sinal ponderado em T1. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo prospectivo de mulheres na pós-menopausa sem contraindicações para RM e sem histórico de câncer que foram submetidas a DEXA 30 dias antes ou após o exame de RM. Um scanner 3.0-T foi utilizado para adquirir sequências sagitais direcionadas à coluna lombar. Resultados: Treze mulheres foram submetidas a DEXA e RM. Em dois casos, a RM foi interrompida precocemente. Portanto, a amostra final foi composta por 11 pacientes. Os valores de ADC e intensidade de sinal ponderado em T1 foram mais elevados nas pacientes com osteoporose. No entanto, no subgrupo de pacientes > 60 anos de idade com osteoporose, os valores de ADC foram menores e a intensidade do sinal ponderado em T1 foi ainda maior. Conclusão: É improvável que a RM substitua DEXA para a investigação diagnóstica da osteoporose no futuro próximo. Embora a difusão e o mapeamento ADC sejam úteis para a compreensão da fisiopatologia da osteoporose, acreditamos que as sequências ponderadas em T1 são mais sensíveis do que a difusão como meio de realizar uma análise qualitativa das alterações vertebrais.

3.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 22(39): 23-32, junio 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1380255

ABSTRACT

El Trasplante de Médula ósea es actualmente, una alternativa en patologías oncológicas, que busca curación y sobrevida del paciente, los cuidados de enfermería en todas las etapas del tratamiento están encaminados a proporcionar atención oportuna y eficaz, con la finalidad de prevenir, tratar y superar complicaciones propias del proceso. La educación de los pacientes y cuidadores favorece a que el paciente aprenda a autocuidarse, a disminuir su ansiedad, a realizar cambios en su comportamiento y estilo de vida y a prevenir la no adherencia al tratamiento. El objetivo fue diseñar un programa educativo sobre los cuidados que el paciente y su familia debe conocer al ingreso y estadía en el servicio de trasplante de Médula Osea. Diseño Metodológico: la búsqueda se efectuó en bases de datos: Pubmed y Google Académico y Scielo. Se analizaron 13 artículos para el desarrollo del trabajo. Resultados: Educar a los pacientes y sus familias sobre el proceso del trasplante de Medula Osea es un gran desafío que necesita de actualización permanente del personal de enfermería. Brindar conocimientos sobre medidas preventivas y pautas que ayuden a sobrellevar este proceso, permitirá tener al paciente como un miembro activo en sus cuidados, disminuyendo su ansiedad y si es necesario realizando modificaciones en su estilo de vida[AU]


Bone Marrow Transplantation is currently an alternative in oncological pathologies, which seeks healing and patient survival, here nursing care at all stages of treatment is aimed at providing timely and effective care, in order to prevent, treat and overcome complications of the process. The education of patients and caregivers favors the patient learning to care for himself, to reduce his anxiety, to make changes in his behavior and lifestyle and to prevent non-adherence to treatment. The objective was to design an educational program on the care that the patient and his family should know during their admission and stay in the Bone Marrow Transplant Service. Methodological design: the search was carried out in the database: Pubmed and Google Scholar and Scielo. 13 articles were analyzed for the development of the work. Results: Educating patients and their families about the bone marrow transplant process is a great challenge that requires permanent updating of the nursing staff. Providing knowledge about preventive measures and guidelines to help cope with this process will allow us to have the patient as an active member in their care, reducing their anxiety and, if necessary, making changes to their lifestyle[AU]


O Transplante de Medula Óssea é atualmente uma alternativa nas patologias oncológicas, que busca a cura e a sobrevivência do paciente, aqui a assistência de enfermagem em todas as etapas do tratamento visa proporcionar uma assistência oportuna e eficaz, | 24a fim de prevenir, tratar e superar complicações do processo. A educação de pacientes e cuidadores favorece que o paciente aprenda a cuidar de si mesmo, a diminuir sua ansiedade, a realizar mudanças em seu comportamento e estilo de vida e a prevenir a não adesão ao tratamento. O objetivo foi elaborar um programa educativo sobre os cuidados que o paciente e sua família devem conhecer durante sua admissão e permanência no serviço de transplante de medula óssea. Desenho metodológico: a busca foi realizada nas bases de dados: Pubmed e Google Acadêmico e Scielo. 13 artigos foram analisados para o desenvolvimento do trabalho. Resultados: Educar os pacientes e seus familiares sobre o processo de transplante de medula óssea é um grande desafio que exige atualização permanente da equipe de enfermagem. Fornecer conhecimento sobre medidas preventivas e orientações para auxiliar no enfrentamento desse processo nos permitirá ter o paciente como um membro ativo em seu cuidado, reduzindo sua ansiedade e, se necessário, realizando mudanças em seu estilo de vida[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety , Bone Marrow , Patient Education as Topic , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Life Style , Nursing Care
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(1)feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385596

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The utility of metallic bio-medical implants in osseous or dental affections is irrefutable. The paper aims to test the tolerance of the bone marrow to titanium implants. Titanium implants were inserted in the femur of 11-months old rabbits. The implants penetrated the endosteum, half of their length getting into the haematogenous bone marrow. Seven days after the insertion we collected bone fragments containing the implant. The CT exam revealed a significant decrease in the density of the bone at the interface with the implant and a more discrete one aloof from the insertion area. The histologic exam after 7 days revealed osseous reparatory processes only in the endosteal area from where it expanded on the surface of the implant which was inside the marrow. The presence and intensity of the osseous reparatory processes after only seven days post-implant demonstrates that the marrow actively participates in bone regeneration and implants osseointegration.


RESUMEN: La utilidad de los implantes biomédicos metálicos en afecciones óseas o dentales es irrefutable. El documento tiene como objetivo probar la tolerancia de la médula ósea a los implantes de titanio. Se insertaron implantes de titanio en el fémur de conejos de 11 meses. Los implantes penetraron en el endostio y la mitad de su longitud penetró en la médula ósea hematógena. Siete días después de la inserción, recolectamos fragmentos de hueso que contenían el implante. El examen de TC reveló una disminución significativa en la densidad del hueso en la interfaz con el implante y una más discreta alejada del área de inserción. El examen histológico a los 7 días reveló procesos de reparación ósea solo en el área endóstica desde donde se expandió en la superficie del implante que estaba dentro de la médula. La presencia e intensidad de los procesos de reparación ósea después de solo siete días del implante demuestra que la médula ósea participa activamente en la regeneración ósea y en la osteointegración de los implantes.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908318

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The importance of autophagy for maintaining cellular homeostasis and stress response has long been recognized.As a way for cells to selectively clear their damaged organelles to achieve the recycling of cellular components,autophagy has a pivotal role in bone metabolism.OBJECTIVE:To review the role and possible mechanisms of autophagy in regulating bone-related cell activity and function among bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells,osteoblasts,osteocytes,and osteoclasts.METHODS:PubMed was searched for studies related to autophagy using the keywords of "autophagy;bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells;osteoblasts;osteocytes;osteoclasts."RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:We finally included 84 papers.Autophagy plays an important role in bone metabolism.Autophagy is involved in maintaining the balance between mineralization and absorption,and then maintaining bone homeostasis.An appropriate autophagy inducer may also benefit bone remodeling.Abnormal autophagy can lead to disorders of bone balance,leading to diseases such as osteoporosis.We may prevent or treat bone-related diseases by regulating the level of autophagy as its function in maintaining the balance of mineralization and resorption in bone homeostasis.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1163-1185, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929376

ABSTRACT

Cancer immunotherapy has become a new generation of anti-tumor treatment, but its indications still focus on several types of tumors that are sensitive to the immune system. Therefore, effective strategies that can expand its indications and enhance its efficiency become the key element for the further development of cancer immunotherapy. Natural products are reported to have this effect on cancer immunotherapy, including cancer vaccines, immune-check points inhibitors, and adoptive immune-cells therapy. And the mechanism of that is mainly attributed to the remodeling of the tumor-immunosuppressive microenvironment, which is the key factor that assists tumor to avoid the recognition and attack from immune system and cancer immunotherapy. Therefore, this review summarizes and concludes the natural products that reportedly improve cancer immunotherapy and investigates the mechanism. And we found that saponins, polysaccharides, and flavonoids are mainly three categories of natural products, which reflected significant effects combined with cancer immunotherapy through reversing the tumor-immunosuppressive microenvironment. Besides, this review also collected the studies about nano-technology used to improve the disadvantages of natural products. All of these studies showed the great potential of natural products in cancer immunotherapy.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 787-800, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929327

ABSTRACT

The bile acid-responsive G-protein-coupled receptor TGR5 is expressed in monocytes and macrophages, and plays a critical role in regulating inflammatory response. Our previous work has shown its role in promoting the progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), yet the mechanism remains unclear. Here, using Tgr5-knockout mice, we show that TGR5 is required for M2 polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and suppresses antitumor immunity in NSCLC via involving TAMs-mediated CD8+ T cell suppression. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that TGR5 promotes TAMs into protumorigenic M2-like phenotypes via activating cAMP-STAT3/STAT6 signaling. Induction of cAMP production restores M2-like phenotypes in TGR5-deficient macrophages. In NSCLC tissues from human patients, the expression of TGR5 is associated with the infiltration of TAMs. The co-expression of TGR5 and high TAMs infiltration are associated with the prognosis and overall survival of NSCLC patients. Together, this study provides molecular mechanisms for the protumor function of TGR5 in NSCLC, highlighting its potential as a target for TAMs-centric immunotherapy in NSCLC.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 364-377, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929300

ABSTRACT

Up to 70% of patients with late-stage breast cancer have bone metastasis. Current treatment regimens for breast cancer bone metastasis are palliative with no therapeutic cure. Disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) colonize inside the osteogenic niches in the early stage of bone metastasis. Drug delivery into osteogenic niches to inhibit DTC colonization can prevent bone metastasis from entering its late stage and therefore cure bone metastasis. Here, we constructed a 50% DSS6 peptide conjugated nanoparticle to target the osteogenic niche. The osteogenic niche was always located at the endosteum with immature hydroxyapatite. Arsenic-manganese nanocrystals (around 14 nm) were loaded in osteogenic niche-targeted PEG-PLGA nanoparticles with an acidic environment-triggered arsenic release. Arsenic formulations greatly reduced 4T1 cell adhesion to mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)/preosteoblasts (pre-OBs) and osteogenic differentiation of osteoblastic cells. Arsenic formulations also prevented tumor cell colonization and dormancy via altering the direct interaction between 4T1 cells and MSCs/pre-OBs. The chemotactic migration of 4T1 cells toward osteogenic cells was blocked by arsenic in mimic 3D osteogenic niche. Systemic administration of osteogenic niche-targeted arsenic nanoparticles significantly extended the survival of mice with 4T1 syngeneic bone metastasis. Our findings provide an effective approach for osteogenic niche-specific drug delivery and suggest that bone metastasis can be effectively inhibited by blockage of tumor cell colonization in the bone microenvironment.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928861

ABSTRACT

Advances in digital pathology technology have enabled pathologists and laboratory physicians to perform quick, easy, accurate and reproducible analysis of digital images of tissues and cells with the aid of electronic screens and software tools, rather than relying solely on traditional optical microscopy observations. The conventional clinical cytology testing practice is to be replaced by a digital workflow, which includes both digital imaging and image analysis. This article provides an overview of the basic principles of digital pathology techniques, the advances of development of device in cytology digital pathology, and their clinical applications in bone marrow morphology, and existing problems and prospects of digital pathology application in hematology.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Microscopy , Software , Technology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928732

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of acute myeloid leukemia cells in leukemia-microenvironment on proliferation and apoptosis of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSC).@*METHODS@#Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) murine models overexpressing MLL-AF9 were established. The number of BM-MSC of wild type (WT) and AML-derived mice were analyzed by flow cytometry. Morphology and growth differences between WT and AML-derived BM-MSC were analyzed by inverted fluorescence microscope. Proliferation and apoptosis of BM-MSC between these two groups were detected by Brdu and Annexin V/PI.@*RESULTS@#Compared with WT-derived BM-MSC, the number and proliferation rate of AML-derived BM-MSC significantly increased (P<0.01, P<0.001), while apoptosis rate decreased (P<0.05). When cultured in vitro, BM-MSC grew faster under conditional medium.@*CONCLUSION@#AML cells can promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of BM-MSC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Tumor Microenvironment
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928715

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an immune gene prognostic model of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and explore its correlation with immune cells in bone marrow microenvironment.@*METHODS@#Gene expression profile and clinical data of TCGA-AML were downloaded from TCGA database. Immune genes were screened by LASSO analysis to construct prognosis prediction model, and prediction accuracy of the model was quantified by receiver operating characteristic curve and area under the curve. Survival analysis was performed by Log-rank test. Enriched pathways in the different immune risk subtypes were evaluated from train cohort. The relationship between immune prediction model and bone marrow immune microenvironment was verified by flow cytometry in the real world.@*RESULTS@#Patients with low-risk score of immune gene model had better prognosis than those with high-risk score. Multivariate analysis showed that the immune gene risk model was an independent prognostic factor. The risk ratio for AML patients in the training concentration was HR=24.594 (95%CI: 6.180-97.878), and the AUC for 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year overall survival rate was 0.811, 0.815, and 0.837, respectively. In addition, enrichment analysis of differential gene sets indicated activation of immune-related pathways such as cytokines and chemokines as well as autoimmune disease-related pathways. At the same time, real world data showed that patients with high immune risk had lower numbers of CD8+T cells and B lymphocytes compared with low immune risk patients.@*CONCLUSION@#We constructed a stable prognostic model for AML, which can not only predict the prognosis of AML, but also reveal the dysregulation of immune microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Risk Factors , Transcriptome , Tumor Microenvironment/genetics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928713

ABSTRACT

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a kind of the most common hematopoietic malignancy, its recurrence and drug resistance are closely related to the bone marrow microenvironment. Bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) is an important part of the bone marrow microenvironment and their interaction with leukemia cells cannot be ignored. BMSC participates in and regulate signaling pathways related to proliferation or apoptosis of ALL cells by secretes cytokines or extracellular matrix proteins, thus affecting the survival of ALL cells. In this review, the research advance of several signaling pathways of the interaction between BMSC and ALL cells was summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Stromal Cells , Tumor Microenvironment
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928711

ABSTRACT

In recent years, studies have found that mitochondrial transfer between leukemic cells and different types of cells in their bone marrow microenvironment, especially mesenchymal stem cells, plays a key role in the occurrence, development and drug resistance of hematological malignant tumors. This paper mainly introduces the role and latest research progress of mitochondrial transfer in acute and chronic myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and multiple myeloma, and briefly describes the mechanism of drug resistance caused by mitochondrial transfer in leukemic cells during chemotherapy. The aim is to provide a new idea and theoretical basis for using intercellular mitochondrial transfer as a potential therapeutic target.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Hematologic Neoplasms/metabolism , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mitochondria , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of RUNX2 gene overexpression vector modified exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) combined with calcium carbonate scaffold system in bone defect.@*METHODS@#Rabbit BMSCs were used as the research object, and BMSCs were identified by flow cytometry. Construct RUNX2 gene overexpression vector, transfect BMSCs with lentivirus, and collect exosomes by ultracentrifugation. The morphology of exosomes was observed by transmission electron microscope, the expression of exosome marker CD63 was detected by Western blot, and the calcium carbonate scaffold was constructed by three chamber parallel automatic temperature control reaction system. According to whether the RUNX2 gene overexpression vector was transfected or not, the complex of BMSCs and calcium carbonate scaffold was divided into three groups, namely BMSCs group, RUNX2 overexpression group and exosome group. The osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs was detected by oil red O staining and RT-PCR. There were 9 clean adult healthy male New Zealand white rabbits, aged (12.97±1.21) months, with a body weight of (19.3±3.6) kg, with 3 rabbits in each group. The animal model of skull defect was constructed by surgical method, and the repair of bone defect was evaluated by imaging, he staining and Masson staining.@*RESULTS@#The results of flow cytometry showed that the expression of CD29 protein, CD44 protein, CD11b protein and CD45 protein on the surface of BMSCs were 99.5%, 100%, 0.1% and 0.1%, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the exosomes were bilayer vesicles with a diameter of 50 to 150 nm. Western blot showed that the molecular marker CD63 of exosomes was positive. Oil red O staining showed that the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs in exosome group was significantly higher than that in RUNX2 overexpression group and BMSCs group. The results of RT-PCR showed that the relative expressions of RUNX2, BMP-2 and ALP mRNA in BMSCs in exosome group were significantly higher than those in RUNX2 overexpression group and BMSCs group (P<0.05). The imaging results showed that the repair effect of skull defect in exosome group was better than that in RUNX2 overexpression group. HE staining and Masson staining showed that the repair effect of skull defect in exosome group was better than that in RUNX2 overexpression group (P<0.05). MSCs in exosome group was significantly higher than that in RUNX2 overexpression group and BMSCs group. The results of RT-PCR showed that the relative expressions of RUNX2, BMP-2 and ALP mRNA in BMSCs in exosome group were significantly higher than those in RUNX2 overexpression group and BMSCs group(P<0.05). The imaging results showed that the repair effect of skull defect in exosome group was better than that in RUNX2 overexpression group. HE staining and Masson staining showed that the repair effect of skull defect in exosome group was better than that in RUNX2 overexpression group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with RUNX2 gene overexpression vector transfection, extraction of exosomes directly can promote the differentiation of BMSCs into osteoblasts more efficiently, and the combination with calcium carbonate scaffold can better promote the healing of bone defects. So as to provide new ideas and methods for the clinical treatment of bone defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium Carbonate/metabolism , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/metabolism , Exosomes/metabolism , Humans , Male , Osteogenesis/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Rabbits
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924652

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically review the efficacy and safety of exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) on animal models of spinal cord injury. MethodsAnimal studies about BMSC-derived exosomes for spinal cord injury were retrieved from databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI and Wangfang Data, from establishment to October, 2021. Two researchers independently screened and extracted the data, and evaluated the risk of bias. The studies were qualitatively analyzed. ResultsA total of 21 studies were included, involving 1 342 animals. Male or female Sprague-Dawley rats were selected for 18 studies, and the body mass of the rats was (200±50) g in 19 studies. The injury nodes focused on T9-11 spinal cord, with various methods. The types, medication time, frequency, concentration and dose of the exosomes were heterogeneous. ConclusionsThe BMSC-derived exosomes can improve the motor function after spinal cord injury, reduce the damage of spinal cord, resist apoptosis and inflammation, reduce the permeability of blood-spinal cord barrier, and promote the growth of axons and blood vessels. More high-quality studies are needed for further verification.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 936-940, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924208

ABSTRACT

@#Retinal vascular diseases such as retinopathy of prematurity, diabetic retinopathy, and retinal vein occlusion, and other retinal vascular diseases, with abnormal proliferation of retinal neovascularization as the main pathological manifestation. Exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transmit biologically active molecules through paracrine action to mediate the exchange of materials and information between cells. Among them, miRNA and other contents play key roles in transmitting information to regulate the proliferation of endothelial cells, the formation of the lumen, and new blood vessels in an ischemic and hypoxic environment. And it can cross the blood-retinal barrier without causing immune and inflammatory reactions and has great potential in the treatment of ophthalmic diseases. This article summarizes the role and possible mechanism of miRNA in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes in retinal neovascularization, with a view to broadening new ideas for the application of exosomes in the diagnosis and treatment of ophthalmic diseases.

19.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 363-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923583

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of compound Fufangteng mixture-containing serum on the proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) and its mechanism. Methods Rat BMSC were isolated, cultured and purified in vitro by direct adherence method. Cell morphology was observed. Surface markers were identified by flow cytometry. The rats were treated with compound Fufangteng mixture at a dose of 3 mL/(kg·d) by gavage for 14 d, and then the drug-containing serum was collected. BMSC were divided into the blank control group, drug-containing serum group, Notch1 small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) group and Notch1 siRNA+drug-containing serum group. The proliferation rate of BMSC was detected and the relative expression levels of Notch1 signaling pathway-associated messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and proteins were measured in each group. Results Microscopic observation showed that the first generation BMSC were seen in the long spindle shape, and grown in the parallel or spiral pattern. The third generation BMSC positively expressed CD90 and CD44, whereas were negative for CD45. Compared with the blank control group, the proliferation rate of BMSC in the drug-containing serum group and Notch1 siRNA+ drug-containing serum group was significantly increased, whereas that of BMSC was significantly decreased in the Notch1 siRNA group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Notch1 siRNA group, the proliferation rate of BMSC was significantly increased in the Notch1 siRNA+drug-containing serum group (P < 0.05). Compared with the blank control group, the relative expression levels of Hey1 and Delta-like ligand (DLL)1 mRNA and proteins were significantly up-regulated in the drug-containing serum group, whereas those were significantly down-regulated in the Notch1 siRNA group and Notch1 siRNA+drug-containing serum group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Notch1 siRNA group, the relative expression levels of Hey1 and DLL1 mRNA and proteins were significantly up-regulated in the Notch1 siRNA+drug-containing serum group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Compound Fufangteng mixture-containing serum may promote the proliferation of rat BMSC, and its mechanism is probably associated with the activation of Notch1 signaling pathway.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923363

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate the effects of over expression and low expression of antisense transcripts of circular RNA cerebellar degeneration associated protein 1 (CDR1as) in Balb/C mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on factors related to osteogenesis and angiogenesis.@*Methods@#BMSCs were cultured and identified in vitro. The lentiviral (LV) vector containing the overexpressed and silenced circRNA CDR1as genes and the control lentivirus were respectively transfected into mouse BMSCs, and stable cell lines were screened. The cells were divided into the circRNACDR1as over expression group and the over expression control group, and the CircRNACDR1as low expression group and the low expression control group. The components were stained with Alizarin Red S and alkaline phosphatase after 14 and 21 days of osteoinduction; qRT-PCR was used to detect the target genes circRNA CDR1as, osteogenic differentiation markers alkaline phosphatase (ALP), runt- related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), osteocalcin (OCN), osteopontin (OPN), osterix(Osx), collagen I (COL-1), and the mRNA expression levels of vascular endothelial grown factor (VEGF) and angiogenin-1 (Ang-1). @*Results@# The results of alizarin red staining and alkaline phosphatase staining showed that the extracellular matrix calcium precipitation and ALP staining area of the over expression experimental group was greater than its control group, and those of the low expression experimental group was less than its control group. As the number of days of osteogenic induction increased, the calcium precipitation and ALP staining in each group also increased. RT-PCR results showed that the mRNA expression levels of circRNA CDR1as, ALP, RUNX2, OCN, OPN, OSX, COL-1, VEGF and Ang-1 in the over expression experimental group BMSCs were significantly increased (P<0.001). In the low expression experimental group, the mRNA expression levels of circRNA CDR1as, ALP, RUNX2, OCN, OPN, OSX, COL-1, VEGF and Ang-1 in BMSCs were significantly reduced (P<0.001). @*Conclusion@# Over expression of the circRNA CDR1as gene promotes the osteogenic differentiation and angiogenesis of BMSCs. Low expression of the circRNA CDR1as gene inhibits the osteogenic differentiation and angiogenesis of BMSCs.

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