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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 15-20, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009217

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of bone cement containing recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (rhbFGF) and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF).@*METHODS@#A total of 103 OVCF patients who underwent PKP from January 2018 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 40 males and 63 females, aged from 61 to 78 years old with an average of (65.72±3.29) years old. The injury mechanism included slipping 33 patients, falling 42 patients, and lifting injury 28 patients. The patients were divided into three groups according to the filling of bone cement. Calcium phosphate consisted of 34 patients, aged(65.1±3.3) years old, 14 males and 20 females, who were filled with calcium phosphate bone cement. rhBMP-2 consisted of 34 patients, aged (64.8±3.2) years old, 12 males and 22 females, who were filled with bone cement containing rhBMP-2. And rhbFGF+rhBMP-2 consisted of 35 patients, aged (65.1±3.6) years old, 14 males and 21 females, who were filled with bone cement containing rhbFGF and rhBMP-2. Oswestry disability index (ODI), bone mineral density, anterior edge loss height, anterior edge compression rate of injured vertebra, visual analog scale (VAS) of pain, and the incidence of refracture were compared between groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed for 12 months. Postoperative ODI and VAS score of the three groups decreased (P<0.001), while bone mineral density increased (P<0.001), anterior edge loss height, anterior edge compression rate of injured vertebra decreased first and then slowly increased (P<0.001). ODI and VAS of group calcium phosphate after 1 months, 6 months, 12 months were lower than that of rhBMP-2 and group rhbFGF+rhBMP-2(P<0.05), bone mineral density after 6 months, 12 months was higher than that of rhBMP-2 and group calcium phosphate(P<0.05), and anterior edge loss height, anterior edge compression rate of injured vertebra of group rhbFGF+rhBMP-2 after 6 months and 12 months were lower than that of group rhBMP-2 and group calcium phosphate(P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of re-fracture among the three groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bone cement containing rhbFGF and rhBMP-2 could more effectively increase bone mineral density in patients with OVCF, obtain satisfactory clinical and radiological effects after operation, and significantly improve clinical symptoms.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Fractures, Compression/complications , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/complications , Osteoporotic Fractures/etiology , Kyphoplasty/adverse effects , Vertebroplasty/adverse effects , Calcium Phosphates/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Recombinant Proteins , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2
2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 112-120, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011449

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the effects of Taxillus chinensis from different hosts with different meridian affinity on bone microstructure and bone metabolism in ovariectomized osteoporotic rats, and investigate its mechanism of action. MethodEighty-eight specific-pathogen-free (SPF)-grade female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were selected and randomly divided into 11 groups: sham-operated group, model group, low-, medium- and high-dose groups of T. chinensis from Morus alba (2.5, 5, and 10 g·kg-1), low-, medium- and high-dose groups of T. chinensis from Cinnamomum cassia (2.5, 5, and 10 g·kg-1), and low-, medium- and high-dose groups of T. chinensis from C. burmannii (2.5, 5, and 10 g·kg-1). After 12 weeks of drug intervention, the rats were examined for proximal femur bone density and bone microstructure using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT). Histopathological changes in rat femur were observed by the hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE). Contents of serum estradiol (E2), bone Gla protein (BGP), bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b) and pre-collagen type Ⅰ amino-terminal protopeptide (PINP) were measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was employed to detect the messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expressions of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), Smad1, Smad9 and recombinant runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) in rat humerus. Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of BMP-2, p-Smad1/5/9 and Runx2 in rat humerus. ResultCompared with that in the sham-operated group, the femur microstructure of rats in the model group was significantly disrupted, with significant decreases in bone mineral density (BMD) value, bone volume fraction (BV/TV), trabecular number (Tb.N), and trabecular thickness (Tb.Th) (P<0.01), and significant increases in trabecular separation (Tb.Sp) and structure model index (SMI) (P<0.01). The serum levels of BGP, BALP, TRACP-5b and PINP were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and E2 levels were significantly decreased (P<0.01). The mRNA expressions of BMP-2, Smad1, Smad9, and Runx2 were significantly decreased in rat humerus (P<0.01), and the protein expressions of BMP-2, p-Smad1/5/9, and Runx2 were significantly reduced (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the administration groups of T. chinensis from different hosts all elevated the BMD, BV/TV, Tb.N, Tb.Th, Tb.Sp, and SMI levels in the femur, improved bone microstructure, increased serum E2 levels (P<0.05, P<0.01), lowered the levels of serum BGP, BALP, TRACP-5b, and PINP, upregulated the mRNA expression of BMP-2, Smad1, and Runx2 and upregulated the mRNA expression levels of Smad9 (P<0.05, P<0.01), and upregulated the protein expressions levels of BMP-2, p-Smad1/5/9, and Runx2 (P<0.01). The best effect was observed in the group of T. chinensis from C. cassia. ConclusionT. chinensis from different hosts improved osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats, with the group of T. chinensis from C. cassia being the most potent among the administered groups, and its treatment of osteoporosis may regulate the balance of bone conversion by regulating BMP/Smad signaling pathway.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 100-106, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005258

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effects of Youguiwan on bone metabolism and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2)/Smad signaling pathway in ovaries-removed rats with osteoporosis and study the mechanism of Youguiwan in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. MethodA postmenopausal rat model of osteoporosis was prepared by bilateral ovariectomy. The 40 female SD rats were randomly divided into five groups, including sham operation group, model group, alendronate sodium group (0.1 mg·kg-1), and high-dose and low-dose (5.36 and 2.68 g·kg-1) groups of Youguiwan. The drug was given seven days after modeling, once a day for 12 weeks. After the treatment, the changes in femur tissue structure were observed by micro-CT, including bone mineral density (BMD), bone volume/total volume (BV/TV), trabecular number (Tb.N), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), bone surface/bone volume (BS/BV), and trabecular separation (Tb.Sp). Ossification was observed by saffrane-solid green staining, and serum levels of bone metabolism markers, including bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP), osteocalcin (BGP), type Ⅰ procollagen amino terminal propeptide (PINP), and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b), were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The protein and mRNA expression levels of Runx2, BMP-2, and Smad1 in rat femur were detected by Western blot and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultCompared with the sham operation group, bone trabecula in the model group was sparse. BMD, BV/TV, Tb.N, and Tb.Th were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). BS/BV (P<0.05) and Tb.Sp were increased. The content of BGP, BALP, PINP, and TRACP-5b in serum was significantly increased (P<0.01). The mRNA and protein expressions of Runx2, BMP-2, and Smad1 in rat femur were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the number of bone trabeculae in the high-dose and low-dose groups of Youguiwan was increased, and the bone microstructure was improved. BMD, BV/TV, Tb.N, and Tb.Th were increased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01), and BS/BV and Tb.Sp were increased. The content of bone metabolic markers decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionYouguiwan has certain preventive and therapeutic effects on postmenopausal osteoporosis, and its mechanism may be related to promoting bone formation by regulating the BMP-2/Smad signaling pathway.

4.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2023 Mar; 61(3): 167-174
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222583

ABSTRACT

Berberine is a phytocompound from plants viz. Phellodendri cortex and Coptis rhizome, used to treat a variety of diseases. It is effective in preventing osteoporosis, but it is less effective than drugs currently used in clinical practice. In this study, we used a novel berberine derivative, WJCPR11, to promote osteoblast differentiation and to investigate its use in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. WJCPR11 at a safe concentration without toxicity increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity induced by bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) dose-dependently. The mRNA expression of ALP, osteocalcin (OC), runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), and osterix was increased, with the ALP level increasing the most. In addition, the protein abundance of bone sialoprotein (BSP), collagen, type I, alpha 1, Runx2, and osterix were also increased. Moreover, the transcriptional activity of ALP, BSP, and OC was increased by WJCPR11, with OC showing the most significant increase. The results indicate that osteoblast differentiation is promoted by WJCPR11, and it could play a role in the prevention of osteoporosis.

5.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 140-148, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effect of recombinant human fibroblast growth factor 21 (rhFGF21) on the proliferation and mineralization of cementoblasts and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Hematoxylin eosin, immunohistochemical staining, and immunofluorescence were used to detect the expression and distribution of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) in rat periodontal tissues and cementoblasts (OCCM-30), separately. Cell Counting Kit-8 was used to detect the proliferation of OCCM-30 under treatment with rhFGF21. Alkaline phosphatase staining and Alizarin Red staining were used to detect the mineralization state of OCCM-30 after 3 and 7 days of mineralization induction. The transcription and protein expression of the osteogenic-related genes Runx2 and Osterix were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot analysis. The expression levels of genes of transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)/bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway in OCCM-30 were detected through PCR array analysis.@*RESULTS@#FGF21 was expressed in rat periodontal tissues and OCCM-30. Although rhFGF21 had no significant effect on the proliferation of OCCM-30, treatment with 50 ng/mL rhFGF21 could promote the mineralization of OCCM-30 cells after 7 days of mineralization induction. The transcriptional levels of Runx2 and Osterix increased significantly at 3 days of mineralization induction and decreased at 5 days of mineralization induction. Western blot analysis showed that the protein expression levels of Runx2 and Osterix increased during mineralization induction. rhFGF21 up-regulated Bmpr1b protein expression in cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#rhFGF21 can promote the mineralization ability of OCCM-30. This effect is related to the activation of the TGFβ/BMP signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Animals , Dental Cementum , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta/pharmacology
6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1172-1177, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973213

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become one of the most common chronic liver diseases in the world, and it seriously harms human health. Recent studies have found that bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) might be associated with NAFLD. This article reviews the latest advances in the research on the association between BMP4 and NAFLD in China and globally and explores the potential mechanism of action of BMP4 on NAFLD, in order to provide new ideas for the prevention and treatment of NAFLD.

7.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 543-551, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972198

ABSTRACT

Objective @# To investigate the effect of micro/nano hierarchical structures on the adhesion and proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells, evaluate the drug delivery potential of titanium surfaces, and provide a reference for the modification of selected areas of titanium surfaces to enhance drug delivery and slow drug release. @*Methods @# Pure titanium samples (10 mm in diameter and 2.5 mm in thickness) were randomly divided into a polished group (T), anodized group (TO), and micro/nano hierarchical structure group (FTO) according to the surface treatment of the titanium. The T group was polished, the TO group was treated with anodic oxidation technology, and the FTO group was treated by femtosecond laser etching combined with anodic oxidation technology. The three surface morphologies were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the wettability of the surface was measured by the contact angle, and the surface chemical composition was analyzed by X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The depth of the FTO structure and the surface roughness were measured by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). MC3T3-E1 cell adhesion proliferation and differentiation on the surface of each group of samples was assessed by immunofluorescence staining, CCK-8, and semiquantitative analysis of Alizarin staining. A freeze-drying method was applied to load recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to assess the drug-loading potential of different surface structures. @* Results@#SEM revealed that the surface of T group titanium plates showed uniform polishing marks in the same direction. The surface of the TO group was a nanoscale honeycomb-like titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotube structure, and the FTO group formed a regular and ordered micro/nano layered structure. The contact angle of the FTO group was the smallest at 32° ± 1.7°. Its wettability was the best. The average depth of the first-level structure circular pores was 93.6 μm, and the roughness was 1.5-2 μm. The TO and FTO groups contained a high percentage of oxygen, suggesting TiO2 nanotube formation. The FTO group had the most significant surface cell proliferation (P<0.001) and the largest cell adhesion surface area (P<0.05). rhBMP-2 was slowly released for 14 d after loading in the FTO group and promoted extracellular matrix mineralization (P<0.001). @*Conclusion @#Titanium surface microprepared hierarchical structure has the effect of promoting MC3T3-E1 cell adhesion, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation with drug loading potential, which is a new method of titanium surface treatment.

8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1100-1106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009193

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of intramedullary nail fixation (IMN) and minimally invasive percutaneous plate internal fixation (MIPPO) techniques on tibiofibular fractures and their effect on platelet activation and serum transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2).@*METHODS@#Total of 105 patients with tibiofibular fractures from February 2019 to February 2020 were selected and divided into 53 cases in the MIPPO group and 52 cases in the IMN group. There were 29 males and 24 females with an average age of (41.74±6.05) years old in MIPPO group;in IMN group, 31 males and 21 females with an average age of (40.59±5.26) years old. The perioperative surgical indexes, postoperative complications, ankle function recovery at 12 months postoperatively, platelet activation indexes at 3 and 7 days preoperatively and postoperatively, and serum TGF-β1 and BMP-2 levels at 4 and 8 weeks preoperatively and postoperatively were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The operating time and fracture healing time in the MIPPO group were shorter than those in the IMN group(P<0.05); Compared with the preoperative period, the levels of GMP-140, PAC-1, CD63, and CD61 increased in both groups at 3 and 7 days after surgery, but were lower in the MIPPO group than in the IMN group(P<0.05);the levels of serum TGF-β1 and BMP-2 increased in both groups at 4 and 8 weeks after surgery compared with the preoperative period, and the postoperative complication rate in the MIPPO group was lower than that in the IMN group(P<0.05);the difference was not statistically significant in the excellent rate of ankle function recovery at 12 months follow-up after surgery between two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both intramedullary nail fixation and MIPO technique for treatment of tibia and fibula fractures can improve ankle joint function, but the latter has the advantages of short operation time, fast fracture healing, fewer complications, and light platelet activation. Serum TGF-β1, BMP-2 level improves quickly.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Tibia/injuries , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates , Fracture Healing , Postoperative Complications , Fractures, Multiple , Treatment Outcome , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 945-951, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009006

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To measure the concentration of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) in demineralized bone matrix (DBM) prepared from different long bones and to evaluate the osteoinductivity of different DBM on MC3T3-E1 cells.@*METHODS@#Different bones from the same cadaver donor were used as the initial materials for making DBM, which were divided into ulna group (uDBM), humerus group (hDBM), tibia group (tDBM), and femur group (fDBM) according to the origins, and boiled DBM (cDBM) was taken as the control group. The proteins of DBM were extracted by guanidine hydrochloride, and the concentrations of BMP-2 were determined by ELISA assay. Then the DBM were co-cultured with MC3T3-E1 cells, the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells was observed by cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) assay. The osteogenic differentiation ability of MC3T3-E1 cells was qualitatively observed by alizarin red, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and Van Gieson staining, and the osteogenic differentiation ability of MC3T3-E1 cells was quantitatively analyzed by ALP content. Linear regression was used to analyze the effect of BMP-2 concentration in DBM on ALP synthesis.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in the concentration of BMP-2 among the DBM groups (P<0.05). The concentrations of BMP-2 in the lower limb long bone were higher than those in the upper limb long bone, and the concentration of BMP-2 in the fDBM group was about 35.5 times that in the uDBM group. CCK-8 assay showed that the cells in each group continued to proliferate within 5 days of co-culture, and the absorbance (A) values at different time points were in the order of cDBM group<uDBM group<hDBM group<tDBM group<fDBM group. After co-culture for 14 days, the expressions of ALP, calcified nodules, and collagen fibers in each group were consistent with the distribution of BMP-2 concentration in DBM. The order of ALP content from low to high was cDBM group<uDBM group<hDBM group<tDBM group<fDBM group, and the differences between the groups were significant (P<0.05). Linear regression analysis showed that y


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Alkaline Phosphatase , Bone Matrix , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Cell Count , Coloring Agents , Osteogenesis
10.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 929-936, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) microspheres loaded with bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) and human β-defensin 3 (HBD3), and evaluate the antibacterial activity of microspheres and the effect of promoting osteogenic differentiation, aiming to provide a new option of material for bone tissue engineering.@*METHODS@#The soybean lecithin (SL)-BMP-2 and SL-HBD3 were prepared by SL-mediated introduction of growth factors into polyesters technology, and the functional microsphere (f-PMS) containing BMP-2 and HBD3 were prepared by microfluidic technology, while pure microsphere (p-PMS) was prepared by the same method as the control. The morphology of microspheres was observed by scanning electron microscopy and the water absorption was detected; the release curves of BMP-2 and HBD3 in f-PMS were detected by ELISA kit. The antibacterial effect of microspheres in Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli was tested with the LIVE/DEADTM BacLightTM bacterial staining kit; the biocompatibility of microspheres was tested using Transwell and cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8). The effect of microspheres on osteogenic differentiation was determined by collagen type Ⅰ (COL-1) immunofluorescence staining and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) concentration.@*RESULTS@#In this experiment, the f-PMS and p-PMS were successfully constructed. Morphological characteristics showed that p-PMS surface was rough and distributed with micropores of 1-3 μm, while f-PMS surface was smooth and existed white granular material. There was no significant difference in water absorption between the two groups (P>0.05). The release curves of BMP-2 and HBD3 in the f-PMS and p-PMS were basically the same, showing both early sudden release and late slow release. The antibacterial activity of f-PMS was significantly higher than that of p-PMS in the test that against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in biocompatibility between the two groups (P>0.05). The results of osteogenic differentiation of human BMSCs showed that the fluorescence intensity of osteogenic specific protein COL-1 of f-PMS was significantly higher than that in p-PMS, and the activity of ALP in f-PMS was also significantly higher than that in p-PMS (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The p-PHA have good antibacterial activity and biocompatibility, and can effectively promote the osteogenic differentiation of human BMSCs, which is expected to be applied to bone tissue engineering in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis , Polyhydroxyalkanoates , Microspheres , Alkaline Phosphatase , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Coloring Agents , Escherichia coli
11.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 155-158, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995080

ABSTRACT

This article reported the genetic analysis of a case diagnosed with fetal micrognathia and cleft palate by mid-trimester ultrasound in two consecutive pregnancies. In the first pregnancy, the pregnant woman delivered a full-term boy transvaginally, who died two weeks after birth and was diagnosed with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS). Chromosome karyotype and genomic copy number variation. In the second pregnancy, the woman underwent amniocentesis due to suspected PRS presenting by fetal cleft palate, micrognathism, and additional ultrasound anomalies. No abnormalities were detected in fetal karyotype or genomic copy number variation. Whole-exome sequencing, bioinformatics analysis, and Sanger sequencing suggested that both the fetus and the firstborn boy inherited a possible pathogenic variant of c.79delG p.E27Sfs*24 in the BMP2 gene from the mother. The pregnancy was terminated after the genetic consultation. Fetal phenotypes in the two fetuses were similar, indicating that short stature, facial dysmorphism, and skeletal anomalies with or without cardiac anomaly in the pedigree were caused by the heterozygous variant of c.79delG p.E27Sfs*24 in the BMP2 gene.

12.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 763-768, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) regulating pulmonary vascular remodeling in pulmonary hypertension (PH).Methods:Pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) groups: control group, PH group, PH+BMP-2 group, PH+BMP-2+ small interfering BMP receptor(si-BMPR)-Ⅰa group, PH+BMP-2+ si-BMPR-Ⅰb group, PH+BMP -2+si-BMPR-Ⅱ group. In vitro PH model was induced by hypoxia. The three BMP-2 receptors were silenced by the transfection of si-BMPR-Ⅰa, si-BMPR-Ⅰb and si-BMPR-Ⅱ plasmids, respectively. Cell proliferation and apoptosis in each group were detected, transient receptor potential ion channel C1/6 (TRPC1/6), p21 mRNA and protein levels, and intracellular Ca 2+ concentration were detected. Results:The intracellular Ca 2+ concentration in the PH group was higher than that in the control group: (785.15 ± 44.26) nmol/L vs. (224.15 ± 15.87) nmol/L, the and apoptosis rate was lower than that in the control group: (3.15 ± 0.22)% vs. (7.31 ± 0.45)%, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The intracellular Ca 2+ concentration in the PH+BMP-2 group was (297.64 ± 21.46) nmol/L, and was lower than that in the PH group, and apoptosis rate was (6.88 ± 0.75)%, and was higher than that in the PH group, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The intracellular Ca 2+ concentration in the PH+BMP-2+si-BMPR-Ⅰa group, PH+BMP-2+ si-BMPR-Ⅰb group, PH+BMP -2+si-BMPR-Ⅱ group was (412.31 ± 29.57), (384.34 ± 30.66), (695.23 ± 39.85) nmol/L, and was higher than that in the PH+BMP-2 group, and apoptosis rate was (4.10 ± 0.27)%, (4.26 ± 0.28)%, (3.33 ± 0.24)%, and was lower than that in the PH+BMP-2 group, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The intracellular Ca 2+ concentration in the PH+BMP -2+si-BMPR-Ⅱ group was higher than that in the PH+BMP-2+si-BMPR-Ⅰa group and PH+BMP-2+ si-BMPR-Ⅰb group, the apoptosis rate was lower than that in the PH+BMP-2+si-BMPR-Ⅰa group and PH+BMP-2+ si-BMPR-Ⅰb group, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Conclusions:BMP-2 mainly inhibits the expression of TRPC1/6 by interacting with the receptor BMPR-Ⅱ, inhibits the influx of Ca 2+ and promotes the expression of p21, thereby inhibiting the proliferation of PASMC and promoting apoptosis, participating in pulmonary vascular remodeling in PH.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 137-145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965657

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the mechanism of Xiaonang Tiaojing decoction(XNTJD)in improving polycystic ovary syndrome with insulin resistance(PCOS-IR)model rats based on anti-Müllerian hormone(AMH)/AMH type Ⅱ receptor(AMHRⅡ)signaling pathway. MethodForty-eight adult female SD rats were randomly divided into the blank group, model group, XNTJD group(11.4 g·kg-1·d-1) and Diane-35 group(0.21 g·kg-1·d-1), PCOS-IR model was established by high-fat and high-sugar diet combined with letrozole in rats of all groups except the blank group, rats in the administration groups were given the corresponding dose of drugs by gavage for 15 days with an interval of 1 d every 4 d, normal saline of the same volume was given to the blank group and the model group. Estrous cycle was recorded daily during treatment. At the end of treatment, body weight and Lee's index were recorded, AMH, luteinizing hormone(LH), LH/follicle stimulating hormone(FSH), testosterone(T)and estradiol(E2)levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), fasting plasma glucose(FPG)was measured by glucometer, fasting insulin(FINS) level was measured by radioimmunoassay(RIA), and the insulin resistance index(HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitivity index(QUICKI)were calculated, triglyceride(TG)and total cholesterol(TC)levels were measured by automatic biochemical analyzer, hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining was used to observe the morphological changes of the ovary, the levels of AMHRⅡ, bone morphogenetic protein-15(BMP-15)and Smad5 in ovarian tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry(IHC),Western blot was used to analyze the protein expression levels of AMHRⅡ, BMP-15 and Smad5. ResultCompared with the blank group, a large number of leukocytes were observed in the vaginal exfoliated cells of rats in the model group, mainly in diestrus, the levels of body weight, Lee's index, glucose-lipid metabolism indexes(FPG, FINS, HOMA-IR, TG, TC), AMH and sex hormones(LH, LH/FSH, T)were significantly increased(P<0.01), and QUICKI and E2 levels were significantly decreased(P<0.01), there were more cystic bulges on the ovarian surface, more wet weight, more atretic and cystic dilated follicles in the ovarian tissues, and the thickness of granulosa cell layer was reduced without oocytes, the expression level of AMHRⅡ protein in ovarian tissues was significantly increased(P<0.01), and the expression levels of BMP-15 and Smad5 proteins were significantly decreased(P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the exfoliated cells in the vagina of rats treated with XNTJD group showed keratinocytes from the 5th to 6th day of treatment, and a stable estrous cycle gradually appeared, body weight, Lee's index, glucose-lipid metabolism indexes(FPG, FINS, HOMA-IR, TG, TC), AMH and sex hormones(LH, LH/FSH, T)levels were significantly decreased(P<0.05, P<0.01), QUICKI and E2 levels were significantly increased(P<0.01), ovarian surface was smoother and lighter in wet weight, oocytes and mature follicles were observed in ovarian tissues, the thickness of granulosa cell layer increased and the morphology was intact, the expression levels of BMP-15 and Smad5 proteins were significantly increased(P<0.01)and the expression level of AMHRⅡ protein was significantly decreased(P<0.01)in ovarian tissues. ConclusionXNTJD may mediate the up-regulation of BMP-15 and Smad5 in ovarian tissues of PCOS-IR rats by down-regulating AMH/AMHRⅡ, thereby improving ovarian function, sex hormones and glucose-lipid metabolism levels in PCOS-IR rats.

14.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 252-256, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961154

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate the osteogenic effect of β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) in the repair of the alveolar cleft.@*Methods @# Fifty-nine patients with unilateral alveolar cleft who visited Capital Medical University School of Stomatology from January 2016 to May 2021 were included. They were divided into three groups according to the different bone repair materials: autologous bone, β-TCP and BMP-2 +β-TCP. The preoperative and postoperative CBCT data of the patients were imported into Mimics 21.0 software. The preoperative volume of the bone defect and the new volume of bone formation were calculated by the three-dimensional reconstruction method. The osteogenesis rate was calculated to evaluate the osteogenesis effect@*Results@#The wounds in the three groups healed well after the operation, without implant material discharge, infection, dehiscence, rejection or other symptoms. Twelve months after the operation, CBCT scanning and three⁃dimensional reconstruction images of the three groups of patients showed the formation of new bone bridges in the alveolar ridge fissure area. The image density of the new bone tissue was not significantly different from that of normal bone tissue, and the continuity of the maxilla was re⁃ stored to varying degrees. The bone rate of autogenous bone was 65.00% ± 16.66%, β⁃ TCP group and BMP⁃2+ β⁃ The bone composition rate of TCP was 69.82% ± 17.60%, 71.35% ± 17.51%, respectively, and there was no significant dif⁃ ference compared with the autogenous bone group (P = 0.382, P = 0.244). The β⁃TCP and BMP⁃2+ β⁃TCP groups had no significant differences in bone rate (P = 0.789). @*Conclusion@#β⁃TCP could be used to replace autologous bone for alveolar cleft repair. The addition of BMP⁃2 to β⁃TCP did not significantly improve the osteogenesis rate.

15.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 237-244, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961149

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the role and mechanism of bone formation caused by the ratio of advanced platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF) and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) in rabbit femur defect model, which provides a new idea for clinical treatment of bone defect.@*Methods @#Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits were divided into model group, 1∶1 complex group (A-PRF∶β-TCP=1∶1), 2∶1 complex group (A-PRF∶β- TCP=2∶1) and 4∶1 complex group (A-PRF∶β- TCP=4∶1), with 6 rabbits in each group. Femoral defect models were constructed in each group. In the composite group, the bone defect was filled with composite material, while in the model group, no material was filled. After 8 weeks, the animals were euthanized and specimens were collected. Bone mineral density (BMD), bone volume fraction (BV/TV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular separation (Tb.SP) and trabecular number (Tb.N) in femoral defect tissue were measured by micro-CT and photographed. Hematoxylin - eosin staining was used to detect the pathological changes of new bone tissue. The morphological changes of the new bone tissue were observed by scanning electron microscopy. Determination of phospho-mitogen activated protein kinase p38 (p-p38MAPK), CCAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) and phospho-cysteine aspartic protease-3 (p-Caspase3) in newborn femur by ELISA. The mRNA expressions of osteoprotegerin (OPG), bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) and p38MAPK were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The expression of OPG, BMP-2, RANKL, p-p38MAPK and p-Caspase3 protein in the new bone tissue was observed by immunohistochemistry. @*Results @#In the model group, bone formation in the femoral defect area was slow and osteogenic quality was poor. Compared with the model group, the bone formation and neocapillaries of femoral defect area in the complex group was good, BMD, BV.TV, Tb.Th, Tb.N were increased, and Tb.Sp were decreased, the expressions of p-p38MAPK, CHOP and p-Caspase3 were decreased, and the mRNA and protein expressions of OPG and BMP-2 were increased. The mRNA expression of RANKL and p38MAPK was decreased. Apoptosis in new bone tissue of each group showed the lowest apoptosis rate in samples of the 2∶1 complex group (P<0.05); A-PRF: β-TCP=2∶1 ratio has the best osteogenic effect. @*Conclusion@#The complex composed of A-PRF and β-TCP can promote the expression of OPG, inhibit the expression of RANKL and phosphorylation of p38MAPK, reduce the apoptosis of new bone tissue cells, and promote osteogenic differentiation.

16.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 35(2): 90-97, Sept. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403029

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Melatonin (MLT) is a hormone responsible for regulating several physiological processes. It has been shown that MLT can be an important mediator in bone formation and stimulation, promoting osteoblast differentiation. In clinical practice, in tissue regeneration procedures, it is necessary to use membranes or barriers, associated with biomaterials, or not. The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the effect of melatonin on the activity of osteoblastic cells, associated, or not, with a resorbable collagen membrane (Bio-Gideä). For this, mice-derived pre-osteoblastic cells MC3T3 obtained from the ATCC (American Type Culture Collection) were used. Cultured cells were subject to the following treatments: MLT with a concentration of 1mM, a Bio-Gideä membrane and a membrane associated with MLT (Bio-Gideä + MLT). Proliferation and cell viability assays and protein lysate (ELISA test) quantification for the BMP-2 protein were carried out, in periods of 72 hours, 7 days and 10 days. After analyzing the data (one-way ANOVA, alpha=5%) it was observed that when MLT was used in isolation, there was an increase in cell proliferation and viability in osteoblastic cells (p<0.05). But, when MLT was associated with resorbable membranes, there was an inverse behavior, both in terms of proliferation and viability (p<0.05). In the case of the ELISA test, no secretion of BMP-2 was detected in any of the analyzed groups. It is concluded that MLT has a stimulatory effect on osteoblasts, but, when associated with Bio-Gideä resorbable membranes, it does not show any viable action in osteoblastic cell stimulation.


RESUMO A melatonina (MLT) é um hormônio responsável pela regulação de diversos processos fisiológicos no nosso organismo. Tem sido demonstrado que a melatonina possa ser um importante mediador na formação e estimulação óssea, promovendo a diferenciação dos osteoblastos. Clinicamente, para o procedimento de regeneração tecidual, faz-se necessário a utilização de membranas ou barreiras, associadas ou não a biomateriais. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar o efeito da melatonina na atividade de células osteoblásticas, associada ou não a uma membrana de colágeno reabsorvível (Bio-Gide®). Para isto foram utilizadas células pré-osteoblásticas MC3T3 do ATCC (American Type Culture Collection), de camundongos. As células em cultura foram submetidas aos seguintes tratamentos: MLT na concentração de 1mM, membrana Bio Gide® e membrana associada à MLT (Bio-Gide® + MLT). Foram realizados os ensaios de proliferação e viabilidade celular e quantificação do lisado proteico (teste ELISA), para a proteína BMP-2, nos períodos de 72 horas, 7 e 10 dias. Após a análise dos dados (ANOVA um critério, alfa=5%) pode-se observar que a MLT quando utilizada sozinha, resultou em um aumento na proliferação e viabilidade celular nas células osteoblásticas (p<0,05). Entretanto, quando a MLT foi associada à membrana reabsorvível foi observado um comportamento inverso, tanto na proliferação quanto na viabilidade (p<0,05). Para o teste ELISA realizado, não houve secreção detectável de BMP-2 para nenhum grupo analisado. Conclui-se que a melatonina possui uma ação estimuladora nos osteoblastos, mas quando associada à membrana reabsorvível Bio-Gide®, não demonstra uma ação viável na estimulação de células osteoblásticas.

17.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2022. 82 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1444755

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar o potencial bioativo de um "scaffold" de Polidioxanona (PDO) com associação da rhBMP-2, nas reconstruções após simulação de ressecção óssea em fêmures de ratos. Para tanto, 24 ratos, machos, adultos, com 6 meses de idade, foram submetidos a ressecção e reconstrução dos fêmures bilateralmente. Inicialmente foi realizada a estabilização com fixação de placas e parafusos de titânio do sistema 1.5mm e em seguida a confecção de um "gap" de 2mm. A reconstrução foi realizada com rhBMP-2 (Infuse) carreada em esponja de colágeno (3,25 µg), tendo uma malha de titânio, para o grupo Titânio (n=24 fêmures) (grupo controle), atuando como um arcabouço. E para o grupo PDO (n=24 fêmures) (grupo teste), a reconstrução foi realizada também com a rhBMP-2 carreada em uma esponja de colágeno (3,25 µg), envolvido por um "scaffold" de PDO. Desses animais, 16 (2 por tempo) receberam em seu dorso, no plano subcutâneo, um fragmento do mesmo material testado em seu fêmur, para análise de biocompatibilidade, que foram removidos sob anestesia local, junto de fragmento do tecido subcutâneo adjacente, aos 3, 5, 7 e 10 dias para análise. Os animais foram submetidos à eutanásia (n=6 por grupo) nos períodos de 14 e 60 dias após a cirurgia de reconstrução tiveram seus órgãos de metabolização (cérebro, rim, fígado e músculo) removidos para análise anatomopatológica e seus fêmures também foram removidos, reduzidos, radiografados para análise da densitometria radiográfica posteriormente os fêmures passaram por descalcificação e em seguida todas as peças foram submetidas ao processamento para obtenção de lâminas com cortes de 5 µm de espessura, para avaliação histológica, com avaliação da área óssea neoformada e perfil inflamatório e para análise imunohistoquimica através das proteínas Runx2, OPG, RANKL, OCN e BMP2. Todos os dados quantitativos foram submetidos ao teste ANOVA-2 fatores e quando p< 0,05, o pós-teste Tukey foi realizado. Os resultados da densitometria radiográfica demonstraram maior densidade para o grupo PDO, especialmente no período de 14 dias (p< 0,05). Na análise histológica observou-se reparo mais favorável para o grupo PDO, especialmente aos 60 dias quando comparado ao Titânio, com diferença estatística significativa (p = 0.002) bem como menor infiltrado inflamatório e maior número de vasos sanguíneos aos 14 dias. Com relação as imunomarcações, BMP-2 não apresentou marcações para Titânio e dados expressivos para PDO, com diferença significativamente estatística aos 60 dias (p< 0.05). OPG e RANKL mostraram maior marcação para titânio, principalmente aos 60 dias (p< 0.05). Já Runx2 e OCN apresentaram resultados superiores para PDO aos 14 dias, entretanto, aos 60 dias titânio demonstrou maior expressão. A análise de biocompatibilidade mostrou maior processo inflamatório para o grupo titânio. Os órgãos de metabolização apresentaram aspectos de higidez dentro da normalidade para ambos grupos. Os resultados deste trabalho demonstram um padrão reparacional mais favorável à associação do "Scaffold" de PDO com a rhBMP-2, quando comparado a reconstrução com malha de titânio(AU)


The objective of this work was to analyze the bioactive potential of a Polydioxanone (PDO) scaffold with rhBMP-2 association, in reconstructions after simulating bone resection in rat femurs. Therefore, 24 male, adult rats, aged 6 months, underwent resection and reconstruction of the femurs bilaterally. Initially, stabilization was performed with fixation of titanium plates and screws of the 1.5mm system and then a 2mm gap was created. The reconstruction was performed with rhBMP-2 (Infuse) loaded in a collagen sponge (3.25 µg), with a titanium mesh, for the Titanium group (n=24 femurs) (control group), acting as a scaffold. And for the PDO group (n=24 femurs) (test group), the reconstruction was also performed with rhBMP-2 carried in a collagen sponge (3.25 µg), surrounded by a PDO scaffold. Of these animals, 16 (2 per time) received on their back, in the subcutaneous plane, a fragment of the same material tested in their femur, for biocompatibility analysis, which was removed under local anesthesia, together with a fragment of the adjacent subcutaneous tissue, at 3, 5, 7 and 10 days for analysis. The animals were euthanized (n=6 per group) in the periods of 14 and 60 days after the reconstruction surgery, had their metabolizing organs (brain, kidney, liver, and muscle) removed for anatomopathological analysis and their femurs were also removed, reduced, radiographed for analysis of radiographic densitometry later the femurs underwent decalcification and then all the pieces were submitted to processing to obtain 5 µm thick slices for histological evaluation, with the evaluation of the newly formed bone area and inflammatory profile and for immunohistochemical analysis through Runx2, OPG, RANKL, OCN, and BMP2 proteins. All quantitative data were submitted to the 2-way ANOVA test and when p< 0.05, the Tukey post-test was performed. The results of radiographic densitometry showed higher density for the PDO group, especially in the 14-day period (p< 0.05). In the histological analysis, a more favorable repair was observed for the PDO group, especially at 60 days when compared to Titanium, with a statistically significant difference (p = 0.002), as well as a lower inflammatory, infiltrate and a greater number of blood vessels at 14 days. Regarding immunostaining, BMP-2 did not show staining for Titanium and expressive data for PDO, with a statistically significant difference at 60 days (p< 0.05). OPG and RANKL showed higher staining for titanium, mainly at 60 days (p< 0.05). On the other hand, Runx2 and OCN showed superior results for PDO at 14 days, however, at 60 days titanium showed greater expression. The biocompatibility analysis showed a greater inflammatory process for the titanium group. The metabolizing organs presented aspects of health within the normal range for both groups. The results of this work demonstrate a more favorable repair pattern for the association of the PDO scaffold with rhBMP-2, when compared to reconstruction with titanium mesh(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Bone Regeneration , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Polymers , Rats, Wistar , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e012, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355931

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study tested the hypothesis that head and neck radiotherapy (HNRT) impacts the immunoexpression of type I collagen, bone sialoprotein (BSP) and bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4), thereby leading to micromorphological changes in the dentin-pulp complex (DPC), and promoting the onset and progression of radiation caries (RC). Twenty-two demineralized sections of carious teeth (a group of 11 irradiated teeth and a control group of 11 non-irradiated teeth) extracted from 19 head and neck cancer patients were analyzed by conventional optical microscopy and immunohistochemistry to investigate the micromorphology (cellular layer hierarchy, blood vessels, odontoblasts, fibroblasts, extracellular matrix, calcification, necrosis, reactionary dentin formation, and chronic inflammation), and the patterns of staining/immunolocalization of type I collagen, BSP and BMP4 in the dental pulp of irradiated and control samples. No significant differences attributable to the direct impact of radiotherapy were detected in DPC micromorphology between the groups. In addition, the patterns of immunohistochemical staining and immunolocalization of the proteins studied did not differ between the irradiated and the control samples for type I collagen, BSP or BMP4. This study rejected the hypothesis that HNRT directly damages dentition by changing the organic components and the microstructure of the DPC, ultimately leading to RC.

19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e063, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1374737

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Modified formulations of calcium silicate repair materials with additives have been developed to enhance handling, consistency, biocompatibility and bioactivity. Considering the relevance of osteoblastic cell response to mineralized tissue repair, human osteoblastic cells (Saos-2 cells overexpressing BMP-2) were exposed to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) (with calcium tungstate - CaWO4), MTA HP Repair, Bio-C Repair and Bio-C Pulpo. Cell viability was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and neutral red (NR), and cell death, by flow cytometry. Gene expression of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX-2), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) osteogenic markers were evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). ALP activity and alizarin red staining (ARS) were used to detect mineralization nodule deposition. Bioactive cements presented no cytotoxic effect, and did not induce apoptosis at the higher dilution (1:12). MTA, Bio-C Repair and Bio-C Pulpo exhibited higher ALP activity than the control group (P < 0.05) after 7 days. MTA, MTA HP and Bio-C Pulpo affected the formation of mineralized nodules (p < 0.05). Exposure to all cement extracts for 1 day increased BMP-2 gene expression. RUNX-2 mRNA was greater in MTA, MTA HP and Bio-C Repair. MTA, MTA HP and Bio-C Pulpo increased the ALP mRNA expression, compared with BMP-2 unexposed cells (P < 0.05). Calcium silicate cements showed osteogenic potential and biocompatibility in Saos-2 cells transfected BMP-2, and increased the mRNA expression of BMP-2, RUNX-2, and ALP osteogenic markers in the BMP-2 transfected system, thereby promoting a cellular response to undertake the mineralized tissue repair.

20.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 304-309, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) on the proliferation and migration of human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hRMEC) under oxidative stress.Methods:The hRMEC cultured in vitro were divided into control group, 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) treatment group (4-HNE group), 4-HNE+BMP4 group (BMP4 group). Cell culture medium of 4-HNE treatment group was added with 10 μmmol/L 4-HNE; cell culture of BMP4 group was cultured with 10 μmmol/L 4-HNE, and after stimulation for 6 h, 100 ng/ml recombinant human BMP4 was added. The effects of 4-HNE and BMP4 on hRMEC viability was detected by thiazole blue colorimetric method. The effects of 4-HNE and BMP4 on cell migration was determined by cell scratch test. The relative expression of BMP4 mRNA in the cells of the control group and 4-HNE treatment group and the mRNA expression of the control group, the fibronectin (FN) of BMP4 group, laminin (Laminin), α-smooth muscle contractile protein (α-SMA), and collagen type Ⅰ (Collagen Ⅰ), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Western blot was used to detect the relative expression of BMP4 protein in the control group and 4-HNE group. The control group and 4-HNE group were compared by t test. Results:Compared with the control group, cell viability ( t=12.73, 16.26, P=0.000 2, <0.000 1), cell migration rate ( t=28.17, 37.48, P<0.000 1, <0.000 1) in 4-HNE group and BMP4 group were significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant; the relative expression of BMP4 mRNA and protein in the 4-HNE group was significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=16.36, 69.35, P=0.000 1, <0.000 1). The qRT-PCR test results showed that compared with the control group, the relative expression of VEGF, FN, Laminin, α-SMA, Collagen Ⅰ, and CTGF mRNA in the cells of the BMP4 group was significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=10.61, 17.00, 14.85, 7.78, 12.02, 10.61, P=0.0004, <0.000 1, 0.000 1, 0.001 5, 0.000 1, 0.000 4). Conclusion:BMP4 can induce the proliferation and migration of hRMEC; it can also regulate the expression of angiogenesis factors and fibrosis-related factors in hRMEC.

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