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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458261

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the effect of Hes1 on bone marrow CD34+cells in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Meth-ods:Bone marrow mononuclear cells were isolated by using Ficoll. Then, the proportion and cell cycle of CD34+cells were analyzed by using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). CD34+cells were cultured in vitro for colony-forming cells (CFC). The expression of Hes1 in CD34+cells was evaluated by using real-time polymerase chain reaction. After upregulating the expression of Hes1 in CD34+cells, the cell cycle was analyzed through FACS, and the colony formation of CD34+Hes1+cells was analyzed by CFC. Results:The ra-tio of CD34+cells in the bone marrow was lower in the AML group than in the control group. In addition, more CD34+cells underwent quiescence in the AML group than in the control group. In vitro assay showed that the colony formation of CD34+cells was lower in the AML group than in the control group. The expression of Hes1 was higher in the CD34+cells from the AML patients than that in the CD34+ cells from normal donors. After Hes1 transduction, more CD34+ cells underwent quiescence and showed weak proliferation. Conclusion:The proportion of CD34+cells in the bone marrow was lower in AML patients than in normal donors. A large proportion of CD34+cells underwent quiescence, which was related to Hes1, in AML patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385783

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively review and compare the clinical results of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (allo-PBSCT) from HLA- matched sibling donors mobilized with different regimens. Methods Seventy-one patients with hematological malignant diseases received allo-PBSCT from HLA-matched sibling donors in our department. Among them, 24 received allografts mobilized with G-CSF (group G), and the remaining (47 cases) were mobilized with G-CSF and GM-CSF (group G+ M). CD34+ subsets and T cell subsets in the allografts were analyzed, and the time of hematopoietic reconstitution and the incidence of graft versus host diseases (GVHD) were compared. The adverse effects on the donors after mobilization were also observed. Results The enough targeted CD34+ cells in all donors were harvested by 1-3 aphereses. Ninety-six h after mobilization, WBC counts of the donors were significantly higher in group G than in group G + M [(49. 6± 19. 5) 109/L vs (25.4 ± 10. 4) 109/L, P<0. 05]. Analysis of the CD34+ subsets showed that the percentage of cells with the CD34+/CD38- phenotype was significantly higher in group G + M than in group G [(37. 7 ± 5. 7) % vs (31.4 ± 4. 5) %, P<0. 05]. There was no significant difference in T cells and subsets of grafts. There was no significant difference in the number of total CD34+ cells and CD34+ CD38- cells, and infusion of T cells between two groups. The days required for the recovery of neutrophils and platelets was inversely correlated with the infused CD34+ and CD34+ /CD38- cell number. There was no significant difference in incidence of acute and chronic GVHD between two recipient groups. Seventeen cases and 10 eases among 71 eases died of relapses of primarydiseases, and complications of transplantation such as severe GVHD and infections respectively.Fourteen cases in group G (58.3 %) and 31 cases in group G+ M (66.0 %) survived. The most common adverse events in the donors were bone pain and fever, which mostly occurred 36 h after mobilization and could be relieved by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Conclusion Two mobilization regimens showed equivalent clinical results. But the combined regimen of G-CSF and GM-CSF demonstrated a significantly greater mobilization of cells with the CD34+/CD38- phenotype.Meanwhile in allogeneic PBSCT, a greater number of total CD34+ cells and CD34+ CD38- cells infused may be associated with faster hematopoietic reconstitution of recipients.

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