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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e223816, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354701

ABSTRACT

Direct pulp capping induces a local inflammatory process. Several biomaterials have been used for this procedure. The aim of this study was to compare the dentinal bridge thickness using three different pulp capping biomaterials with the conventional technique (high speed diamond bur) or Er-Yag laser, 1 month after pulp effraction. Materials and Methods: Forty two Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal surface of 4 maxillary incisors and 2 mandibular incisors of New Zealand rabbits. Specimens were divided into 6 treatment groups. Teeth were treated with: In Group 1: Er-Yag laser and Biodentine® (Septodont), in Group 2: Er: Yag laser and calcium hydroxide (Dycal® Dentsply), in Group 3: Er: Yag laser and adhesive system (Prime& Bond® NT Dentsply), in Group 4: high speed diamond bur and Biodentine® (Septodont), in Group 5: high speed diamond bur and calcium hydroxide (Dycal® Dentsply), and in Group 6: high speed diamond bur and adhesive system (Prime& Bond® NT Dentsply). The preparation was done with copious irrigation. The animals were sacrificed at 30 days and the teeth were extracted and prepared for histological analysis. Results: In the group of « laser Er-Yag ¼, iatrogenic pulpal wounds treated with Biodentine® were covered with a thick hard tissue barrier after 1 month. The difference was not significant with the groups of Dycal® used with Er: Yag laser and high speed diamond bur. Prime& Bond® NT Dentsply specimens showed a thin dentinal bridge layer. Conclusion: At 1 month, Er-Yag laser proved to be useful with Biodentine® for direct pulp capping procedures


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Polymethacrylic Acids , Calcium Hydroxide , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Dental Pulp Capping , Lasers, Solid-State
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-10, 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1373126

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of calcium hydroxide and triple antibiotic paste as intracanal medication on the interappointment pain at 8, 24, and 48 hours postoperatively in patients with symptomatic apical periodontitis undergoing multiple visit root canal treatment. Material and Methods: Two hundred and seven systemically healthy patients under the age group of 18-45 years with mandibular molars presenting with symptomatic apical periodontitis which require root canal treatments were included in this study. After access cavity preparation, cleaning and shaping was done till ISO 25 size file, and the patients were randomized into three groups (each group of 69 samples). Group I: no medicament, group II: calcium hydroxide and group III: triple antibiotic paste (TAP). Postoperative pain was evaluated at 8 hours, 24 hours and 48 hours. Results: The results showed that at 8 hours, 24hours and 48hours, there was a statistical difference between I and III (p < 0.05); and Group III and Group II (p < 0.05). Within the group, there was a statistical difference at all time points IN Group I and II (p < 0.05) except between 24 hours and 48 hours in the Group III (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, TAP was more effective than calcium hydroxide in relieving pain and reducing the analgesic intake at the first 24hours.(AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito do hidróxido de cálcio e da pasta tripla de antibiótico como medicação intracanal na dor na interconsulta às 8, 24 e 48 horas de pós-operatório em pacientes com periodontite apical sintomática submetidos ao tratamento endodôntico por múltiplas visitas. Material e Métodos: Duzentos e sete pacientes sistemicamente saudáveis com idade inferior a 18-45 anos com molares inferiores apresentando periodontite apical sintomática que requerem tratamento de canal radicular foram incluídos neste estudo. Após o preparo da cavidade de acesso, a limpeza e modelagem foram feitas até arquivo ISO 25, e os pacientes foram randomizados em três grupos (cada grupo de 69 amostras). Grupo I: sem medicamento, grupo II: hidróxido de cálcio e grupo III: pasta tripla de antibiótico (TAP). A dor pós-operatória foi avaliada em 8 horas, 24 horas e 48 horas. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que às 8 horas, 24 horas e 48 horas, houve diferença estatística entre I e III (p <0,05); e Grupo III e Grupo II (p <0,05). Dentro do grupo, houve diferença estatística em todos os momentos do Grupo I e II (p <0,05), exceto entre 24 horas e 48 horas no Grupo III (p>0,05). Conclusão: Dentro das limitações deste estudo, o TAP foi mais eficaz do que o hidróxido de cálcio no alívio da dor e na redução da ingestão de analgésicos nas primeiras 24 horas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pain , Periapical Periodontitis , Calcium Hydroxide , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Antibiotic Prophylaxis
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e068, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1374736

ABSTRACT

Abstract: We aimed to evaluate the penetration of endodontic cement following the removal of calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) dressing using the XP-endo Finisher in association with different irrigating solutions. Sixty premolars were instrumented and applied with a Ca(OH)2 dressing. To remove Ca(OH)2, the teeth were divided into six groups, each with a different volume of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), as well as solution stirring time with XP-endo Finisher (0, 30, and 60 sec). Root canals were filled using the lateral condensation technique. Fluorescein dye was added to the cement for microscopic laser scanning analysis. In the generated images, linear measurements were taken in micrometers, and their averages were calculated. To analyze the perimeter penetration ratio of the cement, the total perimeter of the canal and the segment of the total perimeter of the canal where the endodontic cement penetrated into the dentinal tubules were measured in micrometers. We found that using an XP-endo Finisher in irrigation was more effective than using a needle and syringe during the extension and penetration of endodontic cement. Shaking with XP-endo Finisher with 17% EDTA increased the extent and perimeter of the penetration of the endodontic cement into the dentinal tubules. However, using the XP-endo Finisher with EDTA only was more efficient than using the instrument interchangeably in NaOCl and EDTA. Although XP-endo Finisher contributes to the removal of Ca(OH)2, none of the protocols or instruments used removed all Ca(OH)2 from the root system.

4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e061, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1374739

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to compare the pulp vitality of primary teeth with deep caries treated with two restorative techniques. The restoration survival rate was also evaluated as a secondary outcome. Children aged from 4 to 8 years with at least one deep carious lesion in molars were selected at the Ibirapuera University dental clinic. One hundred and eight deciduous molars were allocated into two groups: (1) restoration with calcium hydroxide cement lining followed by filling with high-viscosity glass ionomer cement (CHC+HVGIC) or (2) restoration with HVGIC. Pulp vitality and restoration survival were evaluated at 6, 12, and 24 months. Intent-to-treat analysis was used for pulp vitality, and survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier method (α=5%). Results: At 24 months, 86 restorations were evaluated, and 91 were evaluated at least once during the study. There was no significant difference between the restorative treatments regarding pulp vitality (CHC +HVGIC=70% and HVGIC=68.5%) (OR=1.091; CI95%=0.481-2.475). However, HVGIC (73%) restorations showed a higher survival rate than CHC+HVGIC (50%) (p=0.021). Thus, it can conclude that deep caries in primary molars should be restored with HVGIC, since the technique results in similar pulp vitality to the CHC +HVGIC, but with a higher restoration survival rate.

5.
Odontoestomatol ; 24(39)2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386407

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Caracterizar en base a una revisión bibliográfica las técnicas de irrigación con mayor eficacia en la remoción de hidróxido de calcio como medicación intraconducto. Materiales y métodos: Revisión bibliográfica realizada en las bases de datos electrónicas PubMed, Scopus y Web of Science. Se seleccionaron 32 artículos contenidos entre los años 2015 y 2020. Resultados: La técnica más estudiada es la irrigación ultrasónica, no logrando tener los niveles más altos de eficacia. La irrigación activada por láser resultó ser la más eficaz en la remoción de medicación en los tres tercios de los conductos. Los irrigantes utilizados con mayor frecuencia fueron el hipoclorito de sodio y el ácido etilendiaminotetraacético. Conclusión: Las técnicas con mayor eficacia son irrigación activada por láser, seguida de irrigación ultrasónica pasiva. La evidencia sustenta que hipoclorito de sodio y ácido etilendiaminotetraacético deben ser los irrigantes utilizados, ambos de manera secuencial y no de uso excluyente.


Resumo Objetivo: Caracterizar, com base em revisão bibliográfica, as técnicas de irrigação com maior eficiência na remoção do hidróxido de cálcio como medicamento intracanal. Materiais e métodos: Revisão bibliográfica realizada nas bases de dados eletrônicas PubMed, Scopus e Web of Science. Foram selecionados 32 artigos contidos entre os anos de 2015 e 2020. Resultados: A técnica mais estudada é a irrigação ultrassônica, não alcançando os níveis mais altos de eficácia. A irrigação ativada por laser foi considerada a mais eficaz na remoção de medicamentos em três terços dos canais. Os irrigantes usados ​​com mais frequência foram hipoclorito de sódio e ácido etilenodiaminotetracético. Conclusão: As técnicas mais eficazes são a irrigação ativada por laser, seguida da irrigação ultrassônica passiva. A evidência apóia que o hipoclorito de sódio e o ácido etilenodiaminotetracético devem ser os irrigantes usados, tanto sequencialmente quanto não exclusivamente.


Abstract Objective: To conduct a literature review on and describe the most effective irrigation techniques in removing calcium hydroxide as an intracanal medicament. Materials and methods: Literature review conducted in PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science. Thirty-two articles published between 2015 and 2020 were selected. Results: Ultrasonic irrigation­the most widely studied technique­does not achieve the highest levels of efficacy. Laser-activated irrigation was the most effective way to remove medication in the three thirds of the canals. The most frequently used irrigants were sodium hypochlorite and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. Conclusion: The most effective techniques are laser-activated irrigation and passive ultrasonic irrigation. The evidence indicates that sodium hypochlorite and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid should be used sequentially and not exclusively as irrigants.

6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e212098, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281101

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the pH, Ca2+ release, solubility, and antimicrobial activity of calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) pastes in association with different substances. Methods: Sixty acrylic teeth (n=10) were filled with pastes that associated Ca(OH)2 with the following substances: benzalkonium chloride 5% (G1) and 50% (G2) both in propylene glycol, arnica glycolic extract (G3), green tea glycolic extract (G4), Calen/PMCC™ (G5), and Calen™ (G6). In the group G1 to G4 were used 1g of Ca(OH)2 powder with 0,8g of vehicle. pH and Ca2+ release was measured after 7, 15, and 30 days. For solubility, micro-CT was used immediately and at the periods of 7, 15, and 30 days. For the antimicrobial analysis, a biofilm of E. faecalis was induced in vitro on bovine dentin discs. Live/dead viability dye and confocal scanning microscopy were used. Results: The highest pH values occurred on the first 7 days, and the G6, G1, G3, and G5 presented the highest pH values at this period (P <0.05). Ca2+ release was higher in all groups at 7 days, with the highest values observed in G1, G5, and G6. The volume of all pastes showed no significant difference in the intragroup analysis at 7 and 15 days (P <0.05). G1 and G2 showed the highest antimicrobial action (P <0.05). For the biovolume, there was difference between the G6 and the other groups (P >0.05) with G1 presenting the lowest values. Conclusion: Benzalkonium chloride 5% increases the antimicrobial action of the Ca(OH2), without impairs physicochemical properties


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Calcium Hydroxide , Biofilms , Chemical Phenomena , Anti-Infective Agents
7.
Odontol. sanmarquina (Impr.) ; 24(4): 357-363, oct.-dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish, English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342087

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio es conocer la efectividad del gel de clorhexidina y pasta de hidróxido de calcio con clorhexidina como medicamento intracanal en la eliminación del Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis). Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica mediante una búsqueda exhaustiva en diferentes bases de datos como: PubMed, ScienceDirect, SciELO, Springer, Google Scholar. Se seleccionaron mediante los criterios de inclusión y exclusión 37 artículos publicados en el periodo 2003-2020, los cuales fueron enfocados especialmente en E. faecalis y medicación intracanal. Teniendo como resultados que la clorhexidina en mayor porcentaje resultó ser el medicamento intracanal más eficaz en un tiempo promedio de 7 días, seguida de la combinación de hidróxido de calcio más clorhexidina que actuó de igual manera eliminando el E. faecalis de los canales radiculares, mientras que el hidróxido de calcio no presentó actividad antimicrobiana frente al E. faecalis.


The aim of this study was to know the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gel and calcium hydroxide paste with chlorhexidine as intracanal medicaments in Enterococcus faecalis(E. faecalis) elimination. A bibliographic review was done through an exhaustive search in different databases such as: PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scielo, Springer, Google Scholar. Using inclusion and exclusion criteria, 37 articles published in the period 2003-2020 were selected, which were especially focused on E. faecalis and intracanal medication. The analysis showed that chlorhexidine in a higher percentage was the most effective intracanal medication in an average time of 7 days, followed by the combination of calcium hydroxide plus chlorhexidine that acted in the same way eliminating E. faecalisfrom the root canals, while calcium hydroxide did not show any antimicrobial activity against E. faecalis.

8.
Dent. press endod ; 11(2): 38-43, maio-ago.2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377785

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar, ex vivo, a capacidade de elevação do pH da superfície radicular externa de diferentes pastas de hidróxido de cálcio (HC) utilizadas como medicação intracanal, além da influência da ativação ultrassônica (AUS) durante aplicação no interior do canal radicular. Métodos: Foram utilizados 100 incisivos humanos superiores unirradiculares, que tiveram os canais radiculares modelados e divididos aleatoriamente em seis grupos experimentais (n=15), de acordo com a pasta de HC, tendo como variáveis as medicações utilizadas e a ativação da pasta com AUS no momento da aplicação, além de um grupo controle (n=10): Pasta Calen; HC+clorexidina 2% gel (CX2%); e HC + água destilada. Os dentes foram mantidos imersos em água deionizada e as medidas do pH, verificadas nos períodos de 7, 14, 21 e 28 dias, com auxílio de pHmetro. Resultados: De acordo com os dados obtidos, verificou-se elevação do pH nos períodos de 7 e 14 dias em todos os grupos. Apenas os grupos em que foi utilizada a associação do HC com CX2% apresentou evolução com aumento significativo do pH ao longo dos períodos analisados (p<0,05). A ativação das pastas com AUS proporcionou incremento significativo dos valores de pH (p<0,05). Conclusão: De acordo com a metodologia empregada, pode-se concluir que todas as pastas utilizadas promovem elevação do pH no tecido dentinário, e a ativação das pastas com AUS influencia significativamente na elevação do pH no tecido dentinário (AU).


Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate, ex-vivo, the pH elevation capacity on the external root surface of different calcium hydroxide (HC) pastes, utilized as intracanal medication, it was also evaluated the influence of the ultrasonic activation at the application within the root canal. Methods: 100 human single root superior incisors were used, which had their root canals shaped and randomly divided into 6 experimental groups (n=15) according to the following HC pastes: Calen; HC + Chlorhex- idine 2% gel (CX2%); HC + distilled water, utilizing the medications and the ultrasonic activation of the paste at the time of the application as variables and 1 control group (n=10). The teeth were kept immersed in deionized water and the pH parameters were verified in 7, 14, 21 and 28 days with a pH measurement machine. Results: According to the data obtained, pH was elevated in the first week in all groups. Only the groups which the association of HC with CX2% was made, did show a significant increase in the pH level over the analyzed periods (p < 0,05). The activation of the pastes with US provided a significant increase in pH values (p < 0,05). Conclusion: According to the methodology used, we can conclude that all the HC pastes used, promote pH elevation in dentin tissue. And the acti- vation of the pastes with US significantly influences the pH increase in dentin tissue


Subject(s)
Humans , Ointments/adverse effects , Ultrasonics , Calcium Hydroxide , Chlorhexidine , Alkalinization , Methods
9.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 91-99, ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348398

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir el tratamiento endodóncico de cuatro casos clínicos de reabsorción radicular desarrollada durante o tras un tratamiento ortodóncico. Casos clínicos: Después de la preparación y la desinfección de los conductos radiculares, estos fueron obturados por un tiempo prudencial con una medicación intraconducto de hidróxido de calcio, que luego fue reemplazada por MTA. Luego de un período de entre uno y cuatro años, según el caso, los tratamientos fueron evaluados clínica y radiográficamente. Los dientes que debieron ser extraídos fueron analizados histológicamente. Según la evolución clínica y radiográfica de los casos presentados, el uso inicial de hidróxido de calcio y su posterior reemplazo por MTA parecería ser un protocolo adecuado para completar el proceso de reparación de los tejidos apicales y perirradiculares en casos de reabsorciones radiculares provocadas por fuerzas ortodóncicas excesivas. Las enfermedades sistémicas deben ser tenidas en cuenta para la elección de la terapéutica (AU)


Aim: To describe the endodontic treatment of four clinical cases of permanent teeth suffering root resorption during or after orthodontic treatment. Clinical cases: Four clinical cases of permanent teeth with root resorption were endodontically treated. After the root canals were prepared and disinfected, they were medicated with calcium hydroxide. After an appropriate observation period, the canals were finally filled with MTA. The treatment outcomes were clinically and radiographically assessed at an interval between one to four years according to the clinical case. The histological findings of teeth that required extraction was also described. Our clinical and radiographic observations suggest that a temporary filling with calcium hydroxide and further obturation with MTA can provide a favorable intracanal environment for apical and periradicular tissue reparation. The clinician needs a full medical history to be aware of the systemic diseases in patients with root resorption that will be of importance for the proper selection of treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Orthodontics, Corrective/adverse effects , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Resorption , Calcium Hydroxide , Periapical Tissue , Wound Healing/physiology , Clinical Protocols , Treatment Outcome , Tooth, Nonvital/diagnostic imaging
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 32-43, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345508

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the M1 and M2 macrophage modulation after stimuli with different materials used during endodontic treatment. In bone marrow-derived macrophage cell culture, from males C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice, gene expression analysis of markers to M1 and M2 macrophages was performed by qRT-PCR (Cxcl10, CxCL9, iNOS, Arg1, Chil3, Retnla and MRC1) and cytokine quantification by Luminex® (GM-CSF, IL-10, IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α) after exposure to the five endodontic sealers: AH Plus, Sealapex Xpress, Endosequence BC Sealer, BioRoot RCS and a calcium hydroxide-based paste. For normal values, ANOVA test was used, followed by Tukey post-test. For non-normal values, the Kruskall-Wallis test was used. BioRootTM RCS and EndoSequence BC SealerTM stimulated the highest expression of markers for M1 macrophages, while calcium hydroxide-based paste stimulated the lowest expression of these gene markers. For M2 protein markers, BioRootTM RCS presented the highest stimulation while calcium hydroxide-based paste also presented the lowest stimulation. It was concluded that all the evaluated filling materials increased the genetic expression of pro- and anti-inflammatory markers: TNF-α and IL-10 respectively. The others proinflammatory mediators showed differences against the filling materials. However, this process did not induce the inflammatory response polarization, resulting in a hybrid macrophage.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a modulação dos macrófagos M1 e M2 após estímulos com diferentes materiais utilizados durante o tratamento endodôntico. Em cultura de células de macrófagos derivados da medula óssea de camundongos machos C57BL/6 wild-type (WT), após a exposição à cinco cimentos endodônticos: AH Plus, Sealapex Xpress, Endosequence BC Sealer, BioRoot RCS e pasta à base de hidróxido de cálcio foi realizada a análise da expressão gênica dos marcadores para macrófagos M1 e M2 por qRT-PCR (Cxcl10, CxCL9, iNOS, Arg1, Chil3, Retnla e MRC1) e quantificação de citocinas por Luminex® (GM -CSF, IL-10, IL-6, IL-1β e TNF-α). Para valores normais, foi utilizado o teste ANOVA, seguido do pós-teste de Tukey. Para valores não normais, foi utilizado o teste de Kruskall-Wallis. BioRootTM RCS e EndoSequence BC SealerTM estimularam maior expressão de marcadores para macrófagos M1, enquanto a pasta à base de hidróxido de cálcio estimulou expressão mais baixa desses marcadores gênicos. Para o marcador de proteínas para M2, BioRootTM RCS apresentou a maior estimulação, enquanto a pasta à base de hidróxido de cálcio também apresentou menor estimulação. Concluiu-se que os materiais obturadores avaliados aumentaram a expressão genética de marcadores pró- e anti-inflamatórios: TNF-α e IL-10 respectivamente. Os demais marcadores pró inflamatórios mostraram diferenças em relação aos materiais obturadores. No entanto, esse processo não induziu a polarização da resposta inflamatória, resultando em um macrófago híbrido.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Root Canal Filling Materials , Phenotype , Materials Testing , Epoxy Resins , Macrophages , Mice, Inbred C57BL
11.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 9-13, jan.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1148159

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi mensurar o pH externo radicular de dentes bovinos que foram desinfetados em solução de cloramina por 7 dias. Neste estudo foram utilizadas soluções irrigadoras, hipoclorito de sódio 1%, clorexidina 0,12% e hipoclorito de sódio 2,5% associadas ao edta e as medicações intracanais, hidróxido de cálcio, hidróxido de cálcio com PMCC e clorexidina gel 2%. O preparo químico mecânico foi realizado com as limas easy logic e as soluções foram agitadas com ultrassom durante 3 minutos e após os dentes foram imersos em água deionizada em eppendorfs estéreis e mantidos em estufa a 37°C. O pH externo foi analisado utilizando as fitas medidoras de pH no período de 24 horas, 48 horas, 7 dias, 10 dias e 15 dias. A normalidade dos valores obtidos de cada ensaio foi testada através do teste Kolmogorof- Smirnov, e o teste estatístico foi ANOVA de uma via e comparações múltiplas de Tukey. Os resultados mostraram que houve diferença estatística nos valores de pH nos grupos avaliados dentro dos tempos (p< 0,05). Concluiu-se que mesmo com as variações de pH nos períodos avaliados, as medicações e as soluções irrigantes podem ser utilizadas de forma associadas na endodontia, com o intuito de eliminar o maior número de microrganismos dos canais radiculares(AU)


The objective of the present study was to measure the external root pH of bovine teeth that were disinfected in chloramine solution for 7 days. Irrigating solutions, 1% sodium hypochlorite, 0.12% chlorhexidine and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite associated with edta and intracanal medications, calcium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide with PMCC and chlorhexidine gel 2%. The mechanical chemical preparation was performed with the easy logic files and the solutions were shaken with ultrasound for 3 minutes and after the teeth were immersed in deionized water in eppendorfs and kept in an oven at 37 ° C. The external pH was analyzed using the pH measuring tapes in the period of 24 hours, 48 hours, 7 days, 10 days and 15 days. The normal values obtained from each test were tested using the Kolmogorof-Smirnov test, and the statistical test was one-way ANOVA and Tukey's multiple comparisons. The results showed that there was a statistical difference in pH values in the groups evaluated within the times (p< 0.05). It was concluded that even with pH variations in the evaluated periods, medications and irrigating solutions can be used in an associated way in endodontics, in order to eliminate the largest number of microorganisms in the root canals(AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Irrigants , Root Canal Preparation , Sodium Hypochlorite , Calcium Hydroxide , Chloramines , Chlorhexidine , Analysis of Variance , Edetic Acid , Endodontics
12.
Dent. press endod ; 11(1): 29-34, Jan-Apr2021. Tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348159

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O derivado da matriz do esmalte (Emdogain®) é um extrato de proteína usado para cicatrização periodontal. Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar radiograficamente a resposta pulpar e periapical de dentes de cães após pulpotomia e uso do gel derivado da matriz do esmalte (Emdogain®). Métodos: A pulpotomia foi realizada em 30 dentes (60 raízes) de 3 cães, e o tecido pulpar remanescente foi recoberto com os seguintes materiais: Grupos 1 e 4: gel derivado da matriz do esmalte (Emdogain®); Grupos 2 e 5: hidróxido de cálcio; Grupos 3 e 6: óxido de zinco e cimento de eugenol. Após 10 dias (Grupos 1-3) e 75 dias (Grupos 4-6) foram obtidas radiografias periapicais e a avaliação radiográfica foi realizada considerando-se: a integridade da lâmina dura, presença de áreas de rarefação óssea periapical, reabsorção radicular (interna e externa) e formação de ponte de dentina. Resultados: No período de 10 dias, todos os espécimes dos Grupos 1-3 apresentaram ausência de rarefação óssea periapical, reabsorção radicular (interna e externa) e formação de ponte dentinária. No período de 75 dias, os Grupos 4-6 não apresentaram formação de ponte dentinária em nenhum espécime. Áreas de rarefação óssea periapical foram observadas em 100% das raízes no Grupo 4, 62,5% das raízes no Grupo 6 e em 25% das raízes nos Grupos 5. Conclusão: O uso do gel derivado da matriz do esmalte (Emdogain®) como material para capeamento após a pulpotomia levou à formação de lesões periapicais e não induziu a deposição de tecido mineralizado (AU).


Introduction: The enamel matrix derivative (Emdogain®) is a protein extract used for periodontal healing. The objective of this study was to evaluate radiographically the pulpal and periapical response of dogs teeth after pulpotomy and use of enamel matrix derivative gel (Emdogain®). Methods: Pulpotomy was performed in 30 teeth (60 roots) from 3 dogs and the remaining pulp tissue was capped with the following materials: Groups 1 and 4: enamel matrix derivative gel (Emdogain®); Groups 2 and 5: calcium hydroxide; Groups 3 and 6: zinc oxide and eugenol cement. After 10 days (Groups 1-3) and 75 days (Groups 4-6) periapical radiographs were obtained and the radiographic evaluation was performed considering the integrity of the lamina dura, presence of areas of periapical bone rarefaction, root resorption (internal and external) and dentin bridge formation. Results: In the 10- day period, all specimens in Groups 1-3 presented absence of periapical bone rarefaction, absence of root resorption (internal and external) and absence of dentin bridge formation. In the 75-day period, Groups 4-6 did not present dentin bridge formation in any specimen. Periapical bone rarefaction areas were observed in 100% of the roots in Group 4, 62,5% of the roots in Group 6 and in 25% of the roots in Groups 5. Conclusion: The use of enamel matrix derivative gel (Emdogain®) as a capping material after pulpotomy lead to formation of periapical lesions and did not induce deposition of mineralized tissue(AU).


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Pulpotomy , Wound Healing , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Dental Enamel Proteins , Dental Enamel , Dentin
13.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 15(1): 12-21, 20210102.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145479

ABSTRACT

La elevada incidencia del Enterococcus faecalis en procedimientos odontológicos es un tópico de interés para el área de la salud, esta bacteria resiste a varios antimicrobianos y su proliferación aumenta debido a su baja susceptibilidad a sustancias de uso convencional como el hidróxido de calcio, convirtiéndose en una de las principales causas del fracaso de los tratamientos de conduc- to. La presente investigación evaluó la susceptibilidad in vitro del Enterococcus faecalis cepa ATCC-29212 frente a la combinación de sustancias y antibióticos con el hidróxido de calcio. Se utilizó la técnica de difusión en agar, inoculando el microorganismo en cajas de Petri con agar Cerebro Corazón (BHI), tratado con discos de papel filtro impregnados con 1µl de cada trata- miento por triplicado; T1 (Hidróxido de Calcio + propilenglicol), T2 (Hidróxido de Calcio + paramonoclorofenol), T3 (Hidróxido de Calcio + ampicilina gentamicina + propilenglicol), T4 (Hidróxido de Calcio + Solución Salina Fisiológica), Control positivo (medicamento comercial a base de Hidróxido de Calcio), se incubó a 35°C durante 24h, los halos formados alrededor de cada disco fueron medidos y comparados con la escala de Duraffourd y procesados mediante ANOVA de un factor. Se obtuvo una medida del halo de inhibición de 22,50±3,3 mm, con el trata- miento T3, siendo sumamente sensible. Concluyendo que este resultó el más efectivo en compa- ración el resto de la pruebas in vitro en comparación con el resto de los fármaco investigados.


The high incidence of Enterococcus faecalis in dental procedures is a topic of interest for the health area. This bacterium resists various antimicrobials and its proliferation increases due to its low susceptibility to substances of conventional use such as calcium hydroxide, becoming a of the main causes of root canal failure. The present investigation evaluated the in vitro suscepti- bility of Enterococcus faecalis strain ATCC-29212 to the combination of substances and antibio - tics with calcium hydroxide. The agar diffusion technique was used, inoculating the microorga- nism in Petri dishes with Brain Heart agar (BHI), treated with filter paper disks impregnated with 1µl of each treatment in triplicate; T1 (Calcium Hydroxide + propylene glycol), T2 (Cal- cium Hydroxide + paramonochlorophenol), T3 (Calcium Hydroxide + ampicillin gentamicin + propylene glycol), T4 (Calcium Hydroxide + Physiological Saline Solution), Positive control (Hydroxide-based commercial medicine Calcium), incubated at 35 ° C for 24h, the halos formed around each disc were measured and compared with the Duraffourd scale and processed by one-factor ANOVA. A measure of the inhibition halo of 22.50 ± 3.3 mm was obtained with the T3 treatment, being extremely sensitive. It was concluded that this was the most effective in comparison with the rest of the in vitro tests of the rest of the investigated drugs.


Subject(s)
Calcium Hydroxide , Enterococcus faecalis , Ampicillin , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Gentamicins , Health
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877208

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the efficacy of different methods in the removal of calcium hydroxide from root canals and to provide a reference for clinical treatment. @*Methods@# A total of 160 extracted single-rooted mandibular premolars were instrumented up to ProTaper Universal F4. The roots were split longitudinally, and standardized groove and depression models were prepared and filled with calcium hydroxide. The samples were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=40) according to different irrigation methods: syringe needle irrigation, passive ultrasonic irrigation, XP-endo finisher (XPF) irrigation, and M3-Max irrigation. Each group was then divided into 2 subgroups (n=20) according to the irrigation protocol: NaOCl and NaOCl+EDTA. Photos of grooves and depressions were taken under a microscope after irrigation, and the residual calcium hydroxide was scored to compare the removal effects of different irritation methods and solutions.@*Results@#In the groove and depression model, when sodium hypochlorite is used as the irrigation fluid, ultrasound irrigation, XPF and M3-Max are better than syringe needle irrigation in removing calcium hydroxide (P < 0.05); when sodium hypochlorite combined with EDTA flushing, the effect of removing calcium hydroxide with ultrasound irrigation, XPF and M3-Max is better than that of syringe needle irrigation (P < 0.05); but there is no statistically significant difference between ultrasound, XPF and M3-Max (P > 0.05); when compared with the use of sodium hypochlorite, the combined use of EDTA irrigation could enhance the effect of ultrasonic irrigation, XPF and M3 Max on the removal of calcium hydroxide (P < 0.05), but there was no significant improvement in the syringe needle irrigation group (P > 0.05). @*Conclusion @#Sodium hypochlorite combined with EDTA can enhance the effect of ultrasonic irrigation, XPF and M3 Max on the removal of calcium hydroxide, and there is no significant difference among these approaches, which are more effective than syringe needle irrigation.

15.
Odontoestomatol ; 23(37): e403, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250426

ABSTRACT

Resumen La miel y sus productos, a lo largo de la historia, han sido usados por diversas civilizaciones con fines terapéuticos debido a sus efectos curativos. En la actualidad existe un renovado interés en el uso de la apiterapia como coadyuvante en diversos tratamientos médicos, en donde destaca el propóleo por sus propiedades bactericidas, antiinflamatorias, anticancerígenas, entre otras. El objetivo de este artículo es describir un caso de un primer molar inferior izquierdo con diagnóstico de necrosis pulpar y periodontitis periapical asintomática que fue manejado con el uso de la mezcla de propóleo con hidróxido de calcio como medicación intraconducto entre citas, logrando observar un proceso de reparación ósea durante este lapso. Se concluye que el propóleo es una alternativa viable como coadyuvante del hidróxido de calcio en los casos que está indicada la medicación intraconducto.


Resumo O mel e seus produtos, ao longo da história, têm sido utilizados por várias civilizações para fins terapêuticos devido aos seus efeitos curativos. Atualmente, há um interesse renovado no uso da apiterapia como adjuvante em vários tratamentos médicos, onde a própolis se destaca por seu bactericida, antiinflamatório, anticâncer, entre outros. O objetivo deste artigo é descrever um caso de primeiro molar inferior esquerdo com diagnóstico de necrose pulpar e periodontite periapical assintomática que foi gerenciada com o uso da mistura de própolis com hidróxido de cálcio como medicamento intraconducto entre as consultas, conseguindo observar um processo de reparo ósseo durante esse período. Em conclusão, a própolis é uma alternativa viável como adjuvante ao hidróxido de cálcio nos casos indicados por medicação intraconducto.


Abstract Various civilizations have used honey and its products for therapeutic purposes throughout history because of their healing effects. There is a renewed interest in the use of apitherapy as an adjunct in various medical treatments. Propolis stands out for its bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties, among others. This paper aims to describe the case of a lower left first molar diagnosed with pulp necrosis and asymptomatic periapical periodontitis that was managed with a mixture of propolis and calcium hydroxide as an intracanal medicament between appointments. A bone repair process was observed during this period. It is concluded that propolis is a viable alternative as a calcium hydroxide adjuvant when intracanal medication is indicated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Periapical Periodontitis/drug therapy , Propolis/therapeutic use , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Molar
16.
Rev. cienc. med. Pinar Rio ; 25(1): e4384, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289102

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el tratamiento de los dientes jóvenes con ápices incompletos es motivo de controversia entre los profesionales de la estomatología. Presentación del caso: niño de siete años y medio de edad que acudió a consulta con antecedentes de un trauma dentario (fractura no complicada de corona) para lo que no recibió tratamiento en el momento adecuado. Fue recibido con acceso cameral realizado por haber presentado un absceso agudo aproximadamente a los seis meses después del accidente. Después de realizado el estudio radiográfico se realizó necropulpectomía con técnica de apicoformación y laser terapia. Después de 24 meses de tratamiento y con un pronóstico muy reservado por tener solo un tercio de la raíz formada, se logró el éxito del tratamiento demostrándose el alto poder regenerativo de la luz láser unido al hidróxido del calcio. Conclusiones: se trata de un caso excepcional que demuestra la efectividad de la terapia láser y la colocación de hidróxido de calcio teniendo en cuenta el tamaño de la raíz al inicio del tratamiento, los antecedentes de un absceso agudo, la reinfección durante el tratamiento y la lisis ósea periapical con características radiográficas de un granuloma.


ABSTRACT Introduction: treatment of immature teeth with incomplete apexes is challenging for dentistry professionals. Case Report: a seven and half-year-old boy who came to the dentist office with antecedents of dental trauma (non-complicated crown fracture), having not treatment in the adequate moment. He was received with a camera abscess for presenting an acute abscess six months after the accident approximately. After the radiological study a necro-pulpectomy was performed with apexogenesis and laser therapy. After a 24-month-treatment and with a very reserved prognosis for having only a third of the root-formation, the treatment was successful, demonstrating the high regenerative power of laser irradiation and calcium hydroxide. Conclusions: it is an exceptional case that demonstrates the effectiveness of laser therapy and the placing of calcium hydroxide considering the size of the root at initial treatment, the history of an acute abscess, the reinfection during treatment and the periapical bone lysis with radiographic characteristics of a granuloma.

17.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-11, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1337565

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of calcium hydroxide and triple antibiotic paste as intracanal medication on the interappointment pain at 8, 24, and 48 hours postoperatively in patients with symptomatic apical periodontitis undergoing multiple visit root canal treatment. Material and Methods: Two hundred and seven systemically healthy patients under the age group of 18-45 years with mandibular molars presenting with symptomatic apical periodontitis which require root canal treatments were included in this study. After access cavity preparation, cleaning and shaping was done till ISO 25 size file, and the patients were randomized into three groups (each group of 69 samples). Group I: no medicament, group II: calcium hydroxide and group III: triple antibiotic paste (TAP). Postoperative pain was evaluated at 8 hours, 24 hours and 48 hours. Results: The results showed that at 8 hours, 24hours and 48hours, there was a statistical difference between I and III (p < 0.05); and Group III and Group II (p < 0.05). Within the group, there was a statistical difference at all time points IN Group I and II (p < 0.05) except between 24 hours and 48 hours in the Group III (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, TAP was more effective than calcium hydroxide in relieving pain and reducing the analgesic intake at the first 24 hours (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito do hidróxido de cálcio e da pasta tripla de antibiótico como medicação intracanal na dor na interconsulta às 8, 24 e 48 horas de pós-operatório em pacientes com periodontite apical sintomática submetidos ao tratamento endodôntico por múltiplas visitas. Material e Métodos: Duzentos e sete pacientes sistemicamente saudáveis com idade inferior a 18-45 anos com molares inferiores apresentando periodontite apical sintomática que requerem tratamento de canal radicular foram incluídos neste estudo. Após o preparo da cavidade de acesso, a limpeza e modelagem foram feitas até arquivo ISO 25, e os pacientes foram randomizados em três grupos (cada grupo de 69 amostras). Grupo I: sem medicamento, grupo II: hidróxido de cálcio e grupo III: pasta tripla de antibiótico (TAP). A dor pós-operatória foi avaliada em 8 horas, 24 horas e 48 horas. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que às 8 horas, 24 horas e 48 horas, houve diferença estatística entre I e III (p <0,05); e Grupo III e Grupo II (p <0,05). Dentro do grupo, houve diferença estatística em todos os momentos do Grupo I e II (p <0,05), exceto entre 24 horas e 48 horas no Grupo III (p> 0,05). Conclusão: Dentro das limitações deste estudo, o TAP foi mais eficaz do que o hidróxido de cálcio no alívio da dor e na redução da ingestão de analgésicos nas primeiras 24 horas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontitis , Calcium Hydroxide , Dental Pulp Cavity , Anti-Bacterial Agents
18.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-7, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362963

ABSTRACT

Objective: When provisional acrylic crowns are used for a long time, they become more susceptible to marginal leakage by cariogenic bacteria. The objectives of this pilot clinical study were to compare cement based on zinc oxide-eugenol and calcium hydroxide by contamination with Streptococcus mutans, and calculate the sample size for the continuation of this study. Methods: Individuals receiving provisional crowns and following inclusion/exclusion criteria, were randomly distributed into 2 groups: zinc oxide-eugenol (n=8); calcium hydroxide (n=9). The temporary crowns were made by a blind researcher and cemented by another. Patients were also blinded by the cement used inside their crowns. After 2 months, a cement sample from the crowns' peripheral inner face was collected, placed in a tube containing 1 mL of sterile saline, serially diluted, plated on Mitis Salivarius Bacitracin agar, and incubated for 48 hours. Colony-forming units (CFU/mL) were counted. A statistical power analysis was performed to calculate sample size (1-ß=80%) and the Mann Whitney test to compare both cements (α=0.05). Results: Both cements were contaminated with S. mutans, with an average of 166.6 x 102 CFU/mL for calcium hydroxide and 435.3 x 102 CFU/mL for zinc oxide-eugenol, with no significant difference (p=0.311). The sample size calculated for this study was 36 per group. Conclusion: This pilot study suggests that there is important contamination inside provisional crowns used for two months, independent of the cement. The continuation of this study is needed, with a bigger sample size, to enable a comparison between the cements.


Objetivo: Quando coroas dentais provisórias são utilizadas por um longo período, elas se tornam susceptíveis à infiltração marginal por bactérias cariogênicas. O objetivo deste estudo clínico piloto foi comparar os cimentos a base de óxido de zinco e eugenol e hidróxido de cálcio pela contaminação com Streptococcus mutans e calcular o tamanho amostral para continuação deste estudo. Métodos: Indivíduos recebendo coroas provisórias e seguindo critérios de inclusão/exclusão, foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: óxido de zinco e eugenol (n=8); hidróxido de cálcio (n=9). As coroas provisórias foram feitas por um pesquisador cego e cimentadas por outro. Os pacientes também foram cegos quanto ao cimento utilizado dentro de suas coroas. Depois de 2 meses, amostras de cimentos foram coletadas da face interna periférica das coroas, colocadas em um tubo contendo 1 mL de solução salina estéril, diluídas de forma seriada, plaqueadas em ágar Mitis Salivarius Bacitracina e incubadas por 48 horas. Unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC/mL) foram contadas. Um teste de poder estatístico foi realizado para calcular o tamanho amostral (1-ß=80%) e o teste de Mann Whitney para comparar os dois cimentos (α=0.05). Resultados: Os dois cimentos foram contaminados com S. mutans, com uma média de 166.6 x 102 UFC/mL para o hidróxido de cálcio e 435.3 x 102 UFC/mL para o óxido de zinco e eugenol, com nenhuma diferença significativa (p=0.311). O cálculo amostral para este estudo foi 36 indivíduos por grupo. Conclusão: Este estudo piloto sugere que existe importante contaminação dentro de coroas provisórias utilizadas por 2 meses, independente do cimento. A continuação deste estudo é necessária, com maior tamanho amostral, para possibilitar a comparação entre os cimentos.


Subject(s)
Streptococcus mutans , Dental Leakage , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Calcium Hydroxide , Eugenol , Dental Prosthesis , Tooth Crown , Crowns , Dental Cements , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Clinical Study
19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385169

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Introducción: La pulpotomía parcial se utiliza para el tratamiento de caries con exposición pulpar en dientes permanentes inmaduros. El agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) ha sido propuesto como uno de los biomateriales de elección para el tratamiento, pero existe incertidumbre en relación a su efectividad comparado con la del hidróxido de calcio. Métodos: Realizamos una búsqueda en Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante el cribado de múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, analizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis y preparamos una tabla de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. Resultados y conclusiones: Encontramos cinco revisiones sistemáticas, que incluyeron tres estudios primarios, de los cuales todos corresponden a ensayos aleatorizados. Concluimos que la pulpotomía parcial con agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) podría resultar en poca o nula diferencia en la tasa de éxito comparado a la pulpotomía parcial con hidróxido de calcio, pero la certeza de la evidencia es baja.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Partial pulpotomy is the treatment of choice following carious pulp exposure in immature permanent teeth. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has been suggested as the biomaterial first option for treatment, but there is still uncertainty regarding its effectiveness compared to calcium hydroxide. Methods: We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. Results and conclusions: We identified five systematic reviews including three studies overall, of which all were randomized trials. We conclude that partial pulpotomy with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) may make little or no difference to success rate compared to partial pulpotomy with calcium hydroxide, however, the certainty of the evidence has been assessed as low.

20.
Odontol. vital ; (33)dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386436

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Las pastas de obturación a base de hidróxido de calcio/yodoformo han demostrado buenos resultados en pulpectomías de dientes primarios. Objetivos: describir el desempeño de una pasta de hidróxido de calcio/yodoformo (Calplus®) mediante la evaluación clínica y radiográfica en pulpectomias durante 6 meses. Metodología: Un paciente de sexo masculino de 2 años de edad acudió a la Clínica Odontológica de la Universidad Científica del Sur, Lima-Perú. Durante la evaluación clínica se diagnosticó caries de infancia temprana. Tratamientos preventivos y restauradores fueron realizados. Las pulpectomias fueron obturadas con (Calplus®). Para evaluar el desempeño, las pulpectomías fueron acompañadas durante 1, 3 y 6 meses mediante exámenes clínicos y radiográficos examinando dolor, movilidad patológica, alteraciones de tejido blando, rarefacción ósea, y reabsorción radicular patológica. Al tercer mes de seguimiento solo se observó contorno gingival alterado. Conclusiones: La pasta a base de hidróxido de calcio/yodoformo (Calplus®) demostró buen desempeño en pulpectomías de dientes primarios considerando aspectos clínicos y radiográficos después de 6 meses de seguimiento.


Abstract Introduction*: Calcium hydroxide/iodoform is a root canal filling material that have shown good results in pulpectomies of primary teeth. Objective: Describe the performance of a calcium hydroxide/iodoform (Calplus®) root canal filling material considering clinical and radiographic outcomes after 6 months follow-up. Methods: A 2-year-old male patient attended the Dental Clinic of Universidad Científica del Sur, Lima-Perú. Oral clinical examination showed early childhood caries. Preventive and restoration treatments were carried out. Pulpectomies were performed with Calplus®. To evaluate pulpectomies performance it was examined clinical and radiographic outcomes: pain, pathological mobility, soft tissue disorders, bone rarefaction and pathological root resorption. The clinical and radiographic findings at 1, 3, and 6 months were assessed. After three months, it was only observed altered gingival contour. Conclusion: Calcium hydroxide/ iodoform (Calplus®) root canal filling material showed good success rate in primary teeth pulpectomies considering clinical and radiographic outcomes after 6 months follow-up.

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