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1.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 74(1): 22-32, mar. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1555082

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La presencia de sobrepeso y obesidad aumentan la morbimortalidad de la población latinoamericana. La deficiencia de micronutrientes como el calcio y la vitamina D se han relacionado con un aumento del riesgo de obesidad. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la ingesta de vitamina D y de calcio con los factores de riesgo para obesidad en la población urbana costarricense incluidas en el Estudio ELANS. Materiales y métodos: Se incluyeron 798 participantes costarricenses del Estudio ELANS. Se determinó la distribución del consumo de calcio y vitamina D según las características socioeconómicas, la actividad física y los datos antropométricos. Se compararon los grupos con las pruebas U de Mann ­ Whitney y Kruskal-Wallis. Se realizaron modelos de regresión lineal y logística. Resultados: El consumo de calcio y vitamina D fue inadecuado en más del 98% de los participantes. Las mujeres, las personas con menor nivel socioeconómico, baja actividad física, de menor edad, con exceso de peso y obesidad abdominal presentaron un consumo menor de calcio y de vitamina D. El consumo de calcio y vitamina D es mayor en los grupos que tienen un menor IMC (p= 0,023 para calcio y p= 0,252 para vitamina D). Las personas con menor circunferencia de la cintura tuvieron más consumo de calcio y vitamina D (p= 0,002 para calcio y p= 0,008 para vitamina D). No hubo asociación del consumo en los modelos de regresión. Conclusiones: El consumo de calcio y vitamina D es deficiente en la población urbana costarricense y, presentó una relación inversa con el IMC(AU)


ntroduction: The presence of overweight and obesity increase the morbimortality of people in Latin America. Micronutrient deficiencies, such as calcium and vitamin D, are associated with an increased risk of obesity. Objective: To determine the relationship between vitamin D and calcium intake with risk factors for obesity in the Costa Rican urban population included in the ELANS Study. Materials and methods: For this analysis we used the 798 Costa Rican participants of the study (ELANS). The distribution of calcium and vitamin D intake was determined according to socioeconomic status, physical activity, and anthropometric measures. The Mann ­ Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis U tests were used, as well as linear and logistic regression models were performed. Results: Calcium and vitamin D intake was inadequate in more than 98% of the participants. Women, individuals with a lower socioeconomic level, low physical activity, younger age and those with excess weight and abdominal obesity presented lower consumptionofcalciumandvitamin D. Theconsumption of calcium and vitamin D was greater in the groups that have a lower BMI (p= 0.023 for calcium and p= 0.252 for vitamin D). The smaller the waist circumference, the greater the consumption of calcium and vitamin D (p= 0.002 for calcium and p= 0.008 for vitamin D). No association of the consumption of calcium and vitamin D was found in the regression models. Conclusions: Consumption of calcium and vitamin D is deficient in the Costa Rican urban population, and more prevalent among those with higher BMI. Arch Latinoam Nutr 2024(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Vitamin D , Calcium , Risk Factors , Overweight , Feeding Behavior , Obesity , Social Class , Exercise , Body Mass Index , Eating , Noncommunicable Diseases
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(1): e202303001, feb. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1524312

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Con el uso de la nutrición parenteral agresiva en recién nacidos de muy bajo peso, se detectaron alteraciones del metabolismo fosfocálcico. En 2016 se implementó una estrategia de prevención a través del monitoreo fosfocálcico y su suplementación temprana. El objetivo fue estudiar si esta estrategia disminuye la prevalencia de osteopenia e identificar factores de riesgo asociados. Población y métodos. Estudio cuasiexperimental que comparó la prevalencia de osteopenia entre dos grupos: uno después de implementar la estrategia de monitoreo y suplementación fosfocálcica (01/01/2017-31/12/2019), y otro previo a dicha intervención (01/01/2013-31/12/2015). Resultados. Se incluyeron 226 pacientes: 133 pertenecen al período preintervención y 93 al posintervención. La prevalencia de osteopenia global fue del 26,1 % (IC95% 20,5-32,3) y disminuyó del 29,3 % (IC95% 21,7-37,8) en el período preintervención al 21,5 % (IC95% 13,6-31,2) en el posintervención, sin significancia estadística (p = 0,19). En el análisis multivariado, el puntaje NEOCOSUR de riesgo de muerte al nacer, recibir corticoides posnatales y el período de intervención se asociaron de manera independiente a osteopenia. Haber nacido luego de la intervención disminuyó un 71 % la probabilidad de presentar fosfatasa alcalina >500 UI/L independientemente de las restantes variables incluidas en el modelo. Conclusión. La monitorización y suplementación fosfocálcica precoz constituye un factor protector para el desarrollo de osteopenia en recién nacidos con muy bajo peso al nacer.


Introduction. With the use of aggressive parenteral nutrition in very low birth weight infants, alterations in calcium and phosphate metabolism were detected. In 2016, a prevention strategy was implemented through calcium phosphate monitoring and early supplementation. Our objective was to study whether this strategy reduces the prevalence of osteopenia and to identify associated risk factors. Population and methods. Quasi-experiment comparing the prevalence of osteopenia between two groups: one after implementing the calcium phosphate monitoring and supplementation strategy (01/01/2017­12/31/2019) and another prior to such intervention (01/01/2013­12/31/2015). Results. A total of 226 patients were included: 133 in the pre-intervention period and 93 in the post-intervention period. The overall prevalence of osteopenia was 26.1% (95% CI: 20.5­32.3) and it was reduced from 29.3% (95% CI: 21.7­37.8) in the pre-intervention period to 21.5% (95% CI: 13.6­31.2) in the post-intervention period, with no statistical significance (p = 0.19). In the multivariate analysis, the NEOCOSUR score for risk of death at birth, use of postnatal corticosteroids, and the intervention period were independently associated with osteopenia. Being born after the intervention reduced the probability of alkaline phosphatase > 500 IU/L by 71%, regardless of the other variables included in the model. Conclusion. Calcium phosphate monitoring and early supplementation is a protective factor against the development of osteopenia in very low birth weight infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/prevention & control , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/epidemiology , Calcium , Phosphates , Calcium Phosphates , Prevalence
3.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 68: e230053, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556929

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the cardiovascular risk of patients with post-surgical hypoparathyroidism through coronary calcium score (CACS) evaluation and cardiovascular risk calculators. Subjects and methods: Patients with post-surgical hypoparathyroidism (HG = 29) were compared to a control group (CG = 29), matched by sex and age. Demographic and clinical data were captured by a questionnaire or patient files. Both groups performed a thoracic-computed tomography to evaluate the CACS and the cardiovascular risk was calculated by two risk calculators. Results: In the HG, the supplementation of calcium varied between 500 to 2,000 mg/day and the mean calcitriol was 0.5 ± 0.29 mcg/day. The mean serum calcium and phosphorus were 8.32 ± 0.68 and 4.92 ± 0.87 mg/dL, respectively, and in the range recommended for hypoparathyroidism. The Brazilian Society of Cardiology's risk calculator showed a difference among groups, with no patient in the HG with low risk, but the CACS was similar. A positive CACS in the HG was associated with obesity and high BMI but not with calcium and/or vitamin D supplementation. Conclusion: In conclusion, patients with hypoparathyroidism did not show increased CACS, and it was not related to supplementation.

4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 121(2): e20230405, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557015

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A hipertensão arterial sistêmica é um fator de risco para disfunções cardíacas, renais e metabólicas. A busca por novas estratégias para prevenir e tratar doenças cardiovasculares levou à síntese de novas N-acilidrazonas para produzir efeito anti-hipertensivo. Os receptores de adenosina são um alvo alternativo para reduzir a pressão arterial devido à sua ação vasodilatadora e propriedades antioxidantes, que podem reduzir o estresse oxidativo característico da hipertensão arterial sistêmica. Objetivo Avaliar o perfil anti-hipertensivo de novos compostos contendo selênio desenvolvidos para melhorar sua interação com os receptores de adenosina. Métodos Foi avaliada a reatividade vascular, registrando-se a tensão isométrica da aorta torácica pré-contraída de ratos Wistar machos após exposição a concentrações crescentes de cada derivado (0,1 a 100 μM). Para investigar o efeito anti-hipertensivo em ratos espontaneamente hipertensos, foram determinadas a pressão arterial sistólica, pressão arterial diastólica, pressão arterial média e a frequência cardíaca após administração intravenosa de 10 e 30 μmol/kg do composto selecionado LASSBio-2062. Resultados Os compostos denominados LASSBio-2062, LASSBio-2063, LASSBio-2075, LASSBio-2076, LASSBio-2084, LASSBio-430, LASSBio-2092 e LASSBio-2093 promoveram vasodilatação com concentrações efetivas médias de 15,5 ± 6,5; 14,6 ± 2,9; 18,7 ± 9,6; 6,7 ± 4,1; > 100; 6,0 ± 3,6; 37,8 ± 11,8; e 15,9 ± 5,7 μM, respectivamente. O LASSBio-2062 (30 μmol/kg) reduziu a pressão arterial média em ratos espontaneamente hipertensos de 124,6 ± 8,6 para 72,0 ± 12,3 mmHg (p < 0,05). A ativação do receptor de adenosina subtipo A3 e dos canais de potássio parece estar envolvida no efeito anti-hipertensivo do LASSBio-2062. Conclusões O novo agonista do receptor de adenosina e ativador dos canais de potássio é um potencial agente terapêutico para o tratamento da hipertensão arterial sistêmica.


Abstract Background Systemic arterial hypertension is a risk factor for cardiac, renal, and metabolic dysfunction. The search for new strategies to prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases led to the synthesis of new N-acylhydrazones to produce antihypertensive effect. Adenosine receptors are an alternative target to reduce blood pressure because of their vasodilatory action and antioxidant properties, which may reduce oxidative stress characteristic of systemic arterial hypertension. Objective To evaluate the antihypertensive profile of novel selenium-containing compounds designed to improve their interaction with adenosine receptors. Methods Vascular reactivity was evaluated by recording the isometric tension of pre-contracted thoracic aorta of male Wistar rats after exposure to increasing concentrations of each derivative (0.1 to 100 μM). To investigate the antihypertensive effect in spontaneously hypertensive rats, systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure and heart rate were determined after intravenous administration of 10 and 30 μmol/kg of the selected compound LASSBio-2062. Results Compounds named LASSBio-2062, LASSBio-2063, LASSBio-2075, LASSBio-2076, LASSBio-2084, LASSBio-430, LASSBio-2092, and LASSBio-2093 promoted vasodilation with mean effective concentrations of 15.5 ± 6.5; 14.6 ± 2.9; 18.7 ± 9.6; 6.7 ± 4.1; > 100; 6.0 ± 3.6; 37.8 ± 11.8; and 15.9 ± 5.7 μM, respectively. LASSBio-2062 (30 μmol/kg) reduced mean arterial pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats from 124.6 ± 8.6 to 72.0 ± 12.3 mmHg (p < 0.05). Activation of adenosine receptor subtype A3 and potassium channels seem to be involved in the antihypertensive effect of LASSBio-2062. Conclusions The new agonist of adenosine receptor and activator of potassium channels is a potential therapeutic agent to treat systemic arterial hypertension.

5.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 28(1): 12-21, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558011

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The most common postoperative complication of total thyroidectomy is hypocalcemia, usually monitored using serum parathyroid hormone and calcium values. Objective To identify the most accurate predictors of hypocalcemia, construct a risk assesment algorithm and analyze the impact of using several calcium correction formulas in practice. Methods A prospective, single-center, non-randomized longitudinal cohort study on 205 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy. Parathyroid hormone, serum, and ionized calcium were sampled post-surgery, with the presence of symptomatic or laboratory-verified asymptomatic hypocalcemia designated as primary outcome measures. Results Parathyroid hormone sampled on the first postoperative day was the most sensitive predictor of symptomatic hypocalcemia development (sensitivity 80.22%, cut-off value ≤ 2.03 pmol/L). A combination of serum calcium and parathyroid concentration sampled on the first postoperative day predicted the development of hypocalcemia during recovery with the highest sensitivity and specificity (94% sensitivity, cut-off ≤2.1 mmol/L, and 89% specificity, cut-off ≤1.55 pmol/L, respectively). The use of algorithms and correction formulas did not improve the accuracy of predicting symptomatic or asymptomatic hypocalcemia. Conclusions The most sensitive predictor of symptomatic hypocalcemia present on the fifth postoperative day was PTH sampled on the first postoperative day. The need for algorithms and correction formulas is limited.

6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e242700, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553432

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to compare the influence of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and calcium hypochlorite [Ca(OCl)2 ] on the apical sealing capacity of AH Plus (Dentsply Maillefer) and Bio-C Sealer (Angelus) endodontic sealers. Methods: Sixty permanent human lower incisors were randomly allocated (http://www.randomized.org), according to the irrigant used, into three groups (n=20): 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl/Control); 2.5% NaOCl; and 2.5% Ca(OCl)2 . The root canal was prepared with rotary files under 10 mL of the solution corresponding to the experimental group. Each group was subdivided into two (n=10) according to the sealer used for filling: AH Plus (Dentsply Maillefer) or Bio-C Sealer (Angelus). Then, all samples were immersed in black India ink for one week. After the storage period, the roots were then grooved longitudinally and split, and the ink penetration was measured from the apical part to the coronal part of the root canal into which the ink penetrated using a stereomicroscope. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc tests. Results: There was no statistical difference in ink penetration between the different endodontic sealers tested for the same irrigating solution (p > 0.05). However, when the Bio-C Sealer (Angelus) was used, the group treated with 2.5% Ca(OCl)2 was associated with lower values of apical leakage, compared to 2.5% NaOCl (p < 0.05). For the AH Plus sealer (Dentsply Maillefer), there was no difference between the irrigants (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Associating Ca(OCl)2 irrigant with Bio-C Sealer (Angelus) seems to be a good option to reduce apical leakage


Subject(s)
Root Canal Obturation , Sodium Hypochlorite , Calcium Compounds , Dental Cements , Dental Leakage , Calcium Hypochlorite
7.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1561319

ABSTRACT

O hiperparatireoidismo nutricional secundário é uma deficiência comum em répteis de cativeiro, podendo ocorrer pelo déficit de cálcio, o que leva, neste caso, ao sequestro desse mineral dos ossos para a manutenção do metabolismo. No geral, essa deficiência acontece devido ao manejo ambiental e alimentar incorretos, como a falta de cálcio na dieta ou falta de exposição à radiação ultravioleta, não permitindo a bioativação da vitamina D e, consequentemente, impedindo a absorção de cálcio na alimentação. Este estudo relata um caso de um gecko-leopardo, atendido no Consultório Veterinário Ilha Animal., na cidade do Rio de Janeiro ­ RJ. Na anamnese foi relatado que o paciente sofria de apatia, postura cifótica e andar incoordenado, além dos citados erros de manejo. Foi realizado exame radiográfico, onde foi observado redução da densidade e deformidade óssea, o que permitiu o diagnóstico de osteodistrofia metabólica, considerando também os sinais clínicos e a anamnese. Com o tratamento oral, houve melhoras do animal.


Secondary nutritional hyperparathyroidism is a common deficiency in captive reptiles. It can occur due to a calcium deficit, which leads, in this case, to the sequestration of this mineral from the bones to maintain metabolism. In general, this deficiency occurs due to incorrect environmental and food management, such as a lack of calcium in the diet or lack of exposure to ultraviolet radiation, not allowing the bioactivation of vitamin D and, consequently, preventing the absorption of calcium in the diet. This study reports a case of a leopard gecko, seen at the Ilha Animal Veterinary Clinic. In the anamnesis it was reported that the patient suffered from apathy, kyphotic posture and uncoordinated walking, in addition to the aforementioned handling errors. A radiographic examination was performed, where a reduction in bone density and deformity was observed, which allowed the diagnosis of metabolic osteodystrophy, also considering clinical signs and anamnesis. With oral treatment, the animal improved. The objective of the work is to report the clinical case and review the literature on secondary nutritional hyperparathyroidism.


El hiperparatiroidismo nutricional secundario es una deficiencia común en reptiles en cautiverio que puede ocurrir debido a un déficit de calcio, lo que lleva, en este caso, al secuestro de este mineral de los huesos para mantener el metabolismo. En general, esta deficiencia se produce por un incorrecto manejo ambiental y alimentario, como la falta de calcio en la dieta o la falta de exposición a la radiación ultravioleta, no permitiendo la bioactivación de la vitamina D y, en consecuencia, impidiendo la absorción del calcio en la dieta. Este estudio reporta un caso de gecko leopardo, visto en la Clínica Veterinaria Animal Ilha. En la anamnesis se informó que el paciente padecía apatía, postura cifótica y descoordinación en la marcha, además de los errores de manejo antes mencionados. Se realizó examen radiográfico, donde se observó reducción de la densidad ósea y deformidad, lo que permitió el diagnóstico de osteodistrofia metabólica, considerando además los signos clínicos y la anamnesis. Con el tratamiento oral el animal mejoró. El objetivo del trabajo es reportar el caso clínico y revisar la literatura sobre hiperparatiroidismo nutricional secundario.

8.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 68: e220375, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533671

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: We aimed to analyze the association of diabetes and subclinical hypothyroidism with subclinical atherosclerosis measured by coronary artery calcium (CAC) in the baseline of the ELSA-Brasil study. Materials and methods: CAC was measured using a 64-detector computed tomographic scanner. The association of CAC > 0 was presented as an odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) in logistic models and as β (95%CI) in linear models after multivariable adjustment for confounders. Results: We analyzed 3,809 participants (mean-age (SD) 50.5 (8.8); 51.7% women). In the main analysis, we did not find an association of diabetes and subclinical hypothyroidism with CAC. However, in stratified analysis according to age strata, we found no significative interaction terms, an important heterogeneity between the groups, with the younger age strata showing an association of the group with both diseases and CAC > 0 (OR 7.16; 95%CI, 1.14; 44.89) with a wide but significative 95%CI, suggesting that the smaller number of participants in the younger group may influence the results. Our findings also showed an association of CAC > 0 and log (CAC+1) with diabetes in logistic (OR, 1.31; 95%CI, 1.05-1.63) and linear models (β, 0.24, 0.16, 0.40), respectively. Diabetes was independently associated with CAC > 0 in linear models. Discussion: In conclusion, our results showed a great heterogeneity in stratified analysis based on age in the younger age strata. Although we found no significant interaction factors, the smaller sample size for the analysis may influence the negative findings.

9.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 37: eAPE01622, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1533332

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar os efeitos da suplementação de cálcio nos marcadores da pré-eclâmpsia ao longo do tempo, comparando o uso de cálcio em alta e baixa dosagem em mulheres grávidas com hipertensão. Métodos Trata-se de ensaio clínico randomizado com três grupos paralelos, placebo controlado, realizado no ambulatório de referência para o pré-natal de alto risco na Região Sul do Brasil, com análise de intenção de tratar e seguimento após quatro e oito semanas. A intervenção consistiu na ingestão de cálcio 500mg/dia, cálcio 1500mg/dia e placebo. Os dados foram analisados segundo um modelo generalizado de estimação de equações mistas adotando α 0,05. Resultados O efeito do cálcio em baixa e alta dosagem na evolução ao longo do tempo foi mantido entre os grupos, mesmo após o ajuste para os fatores de confusão. Houve diferença significativa nos parâmetros analisados na interação tempo e grupo (p <0,000) e diminuição nas médias de 12,3mmHg na PAS, 9,2 mmHg na PAD, 3,2 mg/dl creatinina e 7,2 mg/dl proteinúria para o grupo cálcio 500mg/dia. Os resultados foram semelhantes para o grupo com suplementação máxima. Conclusão O cálcio melhorou o prognóstico vascular em mulheres grávidas com hipertensão ao reduzir os níveis pressóricos e os marcadores da pré-eclâmpsia.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar los efectos de los suplementos de calcio en los marcadores de preeclampsia a lo largo del tiempo, comparando el uso de calcio en dosis altas y bajas en mujeres embarazadas con hipertensión. Métodos Se trata de un ensayo clínico aleatorizado con tres grupos paralelos, placebo controlado realizado en consultorios externos de referencia en el control prenatal de alto riesgo en la Región Sur de Brasil, con análisis de intención de tratar y seguimiento luego de cuatro y ocho semanas. La intervención consistió en la ingesta de calcio 500 mg/día, calcio 1500 mg/día y placebo. Los datos se analizaron de acuerdo con un modelo generalizado de estimación de ecuaciones mixtas adoptando α 0,05. Resultados El efecto del calcio en dosis bajas y altas en la evolución a lo largo del tiempo se mantuvo entre los grupos, inclusive después de los ajustes por los factores de confusión. Hubo diferencia significativa en los parámetros analizados en la interacción tiempo y grupo (p <0,000) y reducción de los promedios de 12,3 mmHg en la PAS, 9,2 mmHg en la PAD, 3,2 mg/dl creatinina y 7,2 mg/dl proteinuria en el grupo calcio 500 mg/día. Los resultados fueron parecidos en el grupo con suplemento en dosis máxima. Conclusión El calcio mejoró el pronóstico vascular en mujeres embarazadas con hipertensión al reducir los niveles de presión y los marcadores de preeclampsia. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos: RBR-9ngb95


Abstract Objective To analyze the effects of calcium supplementation on markers of preeclampsia over time by comparing the use of high- and low-dose calcium in hypertensive pregnant women. Methods This is a randomized clinical trial, placebo controlled, with three parallel groups carried out at the reference outpatient clinic for high-risk prenatal care in the South Region of Brazil, with intention-to-treat analysis and follow-up after four and eight weeks. The intervention consisted of ingesting calcium 500mg/day, calcium 1500mg/day and placebo. Data were analyzed according to a generalized mixed equation estimation model adopting α 0.05. Results The effect of low- and high-dose calcium on evolution over time was maintained between groups, even after adjustment for confounding factors. There was a significant difference in the parameters analyzed in the time and group interaction (p <0.000) and a decrease in the means of 12.3 mmHg in SBP, 9.2 mmHg in DBP, 3.2 mg/dl creatinine and 7.2 mg/dl proteinuria for the 500mg calcium/day group. The results were similar for the maximal supplementation group. Conclusion Calcium improved vascular prognosis in hypertensive pregnant women by reducing blood pressure levels and markers of preeclampsia. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-9ngb95


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy , Calcium , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Dietary Supplements , Hypertension , Randomized Controlled Trial
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 35: e24, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1550088

ABSTRACT

Abstract High expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in periapical lesions plays an important role in the degradation of the extracellular matrix. This study aimed to investigate the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG)-based endodontic paste as an intracanal dressing on the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in periapical lesions. Periapical lesions were experimentally induced in 35 mature beagle dog premolars randomly divided into healthy teeth, untreated periapical lesions, periapical lesions treated in a single session (control groups), and periapical lesions treated in two sessions with EGCG or calcium hydroxide-based pastes (experimental groups). After 120 days, specimens were obtained for histopathologic and immunofluorescence analyses to assess the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9. The statistical analysis was performed using a p-value of 0.05. Endodontic treatment in two sessions using medication with EGCG and calcium hydroxide-based pastes provided similar repair of the apical and periapical tissues and neoformation of periodontal ligament fibers, cementum, and alveolar bone (p>0.05). The experimental groups treated in two sessions with both medications presented expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 similar to that in healthy teeth (p>0.05), and significantly lower than teeth treated in a single session or untreated periapical lesions (p <0.001). Expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was observed in the cytoplasm of fibroblasts, osteoblasts, cementoblasts, cementocytes, and vascular endothelium. The use of EGCG-based endodontic paste reduced the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 and allowed repair of periapical lesions, similar to calcium hydroxide-based paste, and superior to treatment performed in a single session.


Resumo A alta expressão de MMP-2 e MMP-9 em lesões periapicais desempenha um papel importante na degradação da matriz extracelular. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o efeito de uma pasta à base de epigalocatequina-3-galato (EGCG) como curativo intracanal na expressão de MMP-2 e MMP-9 em lesões periapicais. Lesões periapicais foram induzidas experimentalmente em 35 pré-molares de cães da raça beagle, maduros, divididos aleatoriamente em dentes saudáveis, lesões periapicais não tratadas, lesões periapicais tratadas em uma única sessão e lesões periapicais tratadas em duas sessões com a pasta de EGCG ou pasta à base de hidróxido de cálcio. O operador monitorou os animais e realizou a eutanásia após 120 dias para análises histopatológicas e de imunofluorescência para avaliar a expressão de MMP-2 e MMP-9. A análise estatística foi realizada utilizando p=0,05. O tratamento endodôntico em duas sessões com pasta à base de EGCG e pasta à base de hidróxido de cálcio proporcionou níveis semelhantes de reparação dos tecidos apicais e periapicais e neoformação de fibras do ligamento periodontal, cemento e osso alveolar. Em ambos os grupos, a expressão de MMP-2 e MMP-9 foi mínima, sendo observada no citoplasma de fibroblastos, osteoblastos, cementoblastos, cementócitos e endotélio vascular. Em ambos os grupos tratados em duas sessões, a expressão de MMP-2 e MMP-9 foi semelhante à dos dentes hígidos e significativamente menor do que nas lesões periapicais tratadas em sessão única ou não tratadas (p < 0,001). O uso da pasta à base de EGCG reduziu a expressão de MMP-2 e MMP-9 e permitiu o reparo de lesões periapicais, semelhante à pasta à base de hidróxido de cálcio, e foi superior ao tratamento realizado em sessão única.

11.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e244481, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1537088

ABSTRACT

Aims: This study aimed to examine the biological response of synthetic nanocomposite material on canine mandibular bone. Methods: Nine healthy adult male local breed dogs aged 12 to 18 months and weighing 10.2 to 15.2 kg were used in the study. Based on healing intervals of 1 and 2 months, the dogs were divided into 2 groups. Each group had 3 subgroups with 3 dogs each. The division was based on the grafting material used to fill the created defect: an empty defect (Control-ve), Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate, and nanocomposite (Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate and nanosilver 1%) . Surgery started after the dogs were anaesthetized. The surgical procedure began with a 5 cm parallel incision along the mandible's lower posterior border. After exposing the periosteum, a three 5mm-diameter, 5-mmdeep critical-size holes were made, 5mm between each one. Each group's grafting material had independent 3 holes. The defects were covered with resorbable collagen membranes followed by suturing of the mucoperiosteal flap. Results: Total densitometric analysis showed no significant differences between groups at 1-month intervals, with the nanocomposite group having a higher mean rank (165.66± 31.21) in comparison to other groups while at 2 months intervals that there was a highly significant difference between three groups as the P-value was (0.000) with the nanocomposite group having a higher mean rank (460.66± 26.40). Conclusions: In the current study, the use of nanocomposites improved osteoconductivity by accelerating new bone formation. Moreover, the encorporation of nanosilver enhanced growth factor activity. These attributes make nanocomposites a promising material for enhancing the bone healing process


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Regeneration , Calcium Phosphates , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Nanocomposites , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Anti-Bacterial Agents
12.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 143-150, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006852

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the effect of microparticles(MPs)derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs) on myocardial hypertrophy and its mechanism.Methods The osteogenic differentiation and adipogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) were induced. After isolation and purification,the morphological characteristics were observed by transmission electron microscope,and the MPs surface antigen was identified by flow cytometry. Myocardial hypertrophy model was induced by using isoprenaline(ISO)in rats,which were measured for the cardiac structure and function by echocardiography,and then detected for various indexes of the heart and isolated left ventricle. Single ventricular myocytes of rats were acutely isolated and divided into control group(Control group),cardiomyocyte hypertrophy group(ISO group),MPs group(MPs group),and MPs supernatant group(Supernatant group). The mRNA expressions of atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP)and B-type natriuretic peptide(BNP)were detected by qRTPCR. The expression levels of calmodulin-dependent protein kinaseⅡ(CaMKⅡ)and phosphorylated calmodulin-dependent protein kinaseⅡ(p-CaMKⅡ)were detected by ELISA. The L-type calcium current(LCa-L)in single ventricular myocyte of various groups was recorded by whole-cell patch clamp.Results The bone nodules of MSCs osteogenic differentiation turned red after alizarin red staining,and lipid droplets of adipogenic differentiation turned red after oil red O staining;Under transmission electron microscope,MPs membrane had a complete structure,a clear outline and a diameter of about200 nm;The positive rates of CD29 and CD90 on the surface of MPs were(98. 24 ± 0. 82)% and(97. 69 ± 1. 83)%,respectively. Compared with Control group,the left ventricular end diastolic dimension(LVEDD)reduced signifi-cantly(t =5. 065,P < 0. 05),while the interventricular septum end-diastolic dimension(IVSd),left ventricular posterior wall dimension(LVPWd),heart weight to body weight ratio(HW/BW),and heart weight to tibial length ratio(HW/Tibia)significantly increased in ISO group(t = 4. 013,2. 368,4. 392,5. 043 and 6. 120,respectively,each P < 0. 05),indicating that the hypertrophic model was successfully established. The expression levels of ANP and BNP mRNA in hypertrophic cardiomyocytes of rats in ISO group were significantly higher than those in Control group(t = 25. 120 and18. 261,respectively,each P < 0. 01);While the expression levels of ANP and BNP mRNA in MPs group significantly reduced after incubation with 48 μg/mL MPs for 48 h compared with ISO group(t = 12. 110 and 3. 526,respectively,each P < 0. 05);The expression levels of CaMK Ⅱand p-CaMKⅡ in ISO group were significantly higher than those in Control group(t = 3. 278 and 4. 181,respectively,each P < 0. 05),while the expression of p-CaMK Ⅱ in MPs group decreased significantly(t = 5. 420,P < 0. 05);The calcium current density in ISO group was significantly higher than that in Control group(t = 15. 261,P < 0. 01),while that in MPs group was significantly lower than that in ISO group(t =6. 216,P < 0. 05).Conclusion MSC-MPs can significantly inhibit ISO-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in rats,which is related to its down-regulation of cardiomyocyte CaMKⅡ and inhibition of L-type calcium channel.

13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 3-9, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010284

ABSTRACT

Acupuncture, a therapeutic treatment defined as the insertion of needles into the body at specific points (ie, acupoints), has growing in popularity world-wide to treat various diseases effectively, especially acute and chronic pain. In parallel, interest in the physiological mechanisms underlying acupuncture analgesia, particularly the neural mechanisms have been increasing. Over the past decades, our understanding of how the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system process signals induced by acupuncture has developed rapidly by using electrophysiological methods. However, with the development of neuroscience, electrophysiology is being challenged by calcium imaging in view field, neuron population and visualization in vivo. Owing to the outstanding spatial resolution, the novel imaging approaches provide opportunities to enrich our knowledge about the neurophysiological mechanisms of acupuncture analgesia at subcellular, cellular, and circuit levels in combination with new labeling, genetic and circuit tracing techniques. Therefore, this review will introduce the principle and the method of calcium imaging applied to acupuncture research. We will also review the current findings in pain research using calcium imaging from in vitro to in vivo experiments and discuss the potential methodological considerations in studying acupuncture analgesia.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Analgesia/methods , Acupuncture Points , Technology
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 225-229, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005385

ABSTRACT

Transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor 4(TRPV4)is a non-selective cation channel responsible for sensing changes in cell swelling, temperature, mechanical stretch, shear stress and osmotic pressure by regulating transmembrane calcium signaling and thereby influencing gene expression, cell morphology, and cytoskeletal construction. TRPV4 is widely expressed throughout the body. Intraocularly, TRPV4 is functionally expressed in the cornea, lens, ciliary body, trabecular meshwork and retina. In this article, the expression and physiopathological functions of TRPV4 in various tissues of the eye were described. With the in-depth study of TRPV4 in ocular pathophysiological functions, TRPV4 may become a potential drug target in corneal injury repair, glaucoma and retinal angiogenesis, but further in-depth study is still needed.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 290-298, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005279

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis (OP) is a common bone disease affecting the quality of life and causing huge medical burden to the patients and society. The occurrence of OP is mainly caused by excessive bone resorption and insufficient bone formation, which are directly influenced by external calcium ion balance. Calcium imbalance can impair bone integrity, reduce the calcium supply to the bone, and lower the calcium content in the bone, thus triggering OP. Drugs are the main anti-OP therapy in modern medicine, which, however, may cause adverse reactions and drug dependence. Chinese medicines have good clinical effects and high safety in treating OP, being suitable for long-term use. Recent studies have shown that Chinese medicines can alleviate estrogen deficiency, regulate bone cell and calcium metabolism, which is crucial for the formation and development of OP. The transient receptor potential cation channel superfamily V members 5 and 6 (TRPV5 and TRPV6, respectively) affect bone homeostasis by mediating the transmembrane calcium ion transport in the intestine (TRPV6) and kidney (TRPV5). Therefore, TRPV5/6 is one of the key targets to understand the anti-OP mechanisms of the effective parts of Chinese medicines, which is worthy of further study. This paper summarizes the research results about the anti-OP effects of Chinese medicines in the last two decades, especially the mechanism of regulating calcium metabolism, aiming to provide new ideas for the basic research, clinical application, and drug development of OP treatment.

16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 220-228, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012492

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of spliced X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1s) on hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury of mouse renal tubular epithelial cells and unravel underlying mechanism. Methods Mouse renal tubular epithelial cells were divided into adenovirus negative control group (Ad-shNC group), targeted silencing XBP1s adenovirus group (Ad-shXBP1s group), Ad-shNC+H/R group and Ad-shXBP1s+H/R group. The apoptosis level, mitochondrial reactive oxygen activity, mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial calcium ion level were detected in each group. Chromatin immunocoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq) was employed to analyze the binding sites of XBP1s in regulating the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (ITPR) family. The expression levels of XBP1s and ITPR family messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein were determined in each group. Results Compared with the Ad-shNC group, the apoptosis level was higher, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species level was increased, mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased and mitochondrial calcium ion level was elevated in the Ad-shNC+H/R group. Compared with the Ad-shNC+H/R group, the apoptosis level was lower, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species level was decreased, mitochondrial membrane potential was elevated, and mitochondrial calcium ion level was decreased in the Ad-shXBP1s+H/R group (all P<0.05). Compared with the Ad-shNC group, relative expression levels of XBP1s, ITPR1, ITPR2 and ITPR3 mRNAs and proteins were down-regulated in the Ad-shXBP1s group (all P<0.05). Compared with the Ad-shNC group, relative expression levels of XBP1s, ITPR1, ITPR2 and ITPR3 proteins were up-regulated in the Ad-shNC+H/R group. Compared with the Ad-shNC+H/R group, relative expression levels of XBP1s, ITPR1, ITPR2 and ITPR3 were down-regulated in the Ad-shXBP1s+H/R group (all P<0.05). ChIP-seq results showed that XBP1s could bind to the promoter and exon of ITPR1, the exon of ITPR2, and the exon of ITPR3. Conclusions XBP1s may affect mitochondria-associated endoplasmic reticulum membrane structure and function by directly regulating ITPR transcription and translation. Down-regulating XBP1s may inhibit ITPR expression and mitigate mitochondrial damage.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 602-622, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011272

ABSTRACT

Calcium-based biomaterials have been intensively studied in the field of drug delivery owing to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability. Calcium-based materials can also deliver contrast agents, which can enhance real-time imaging and exert a Ca2+-interfering therapeutic effect. Based on these characteristics, amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC), as a brunch of calcium-based biomaterials, has the potential to become a widely used biomaterial. Highly functional ACC can be either discovered in natural organisms or obtained by chemical synthesis However, the standalone presence of ACC is unstable in vivo. Additives are required to be used as stabilizers or core-shell structures formed by permeable layers or lipids with modified molecules constructed to maintain the stability of ACC until the ACC carrier reaches its destination. ACC has high chemical instability and can produce biocompatible products when exposed to an acidic condition in vivo, such as Ca2+ with an immune-regulating ability and CO2 with an imaging-enhancing ability. Owing to these characteristics, ACC has been studied for self-sacrificing templates of carrier construction, targeted delivery of oncology drugs, immunomodulation, tumor imaging, tissue engineering, and calcium supplementation. Emphasis in this paper has been placed on the origin, structural features, and multiple applications of ACC. Meanwhile, ACC faces many challenges in clinical translation, and long-term basic research is required to overcome these challenges. We hope that this study will contribute to future innovative research on ACC.

18.
J. bras. nefrol ; 45(4): 393-400, Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528902

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Artificial fruit ripening agents such as ethanol, ethylene, ethephon, and calcium carbide (CaC2) is usually employed in stimulating the fruit ripening process. Currently, there is a paucity of information regarding the effects of various artificial fruits ripening methods on the health status of consumers. In this study, the physiological effects and possible health hazards associated with the consumption of plantain ripened by CaC2 and other non-chemical methods on the kidneys were investigated. Methods: Artificially ripened plantain was mixed with rat feed and fed to Wistar albino rats for four weeks, and the levels of plasma electrolytes (Na+, HCO3−, K+, and Cl−), urea, creatinine, as well as histological changes in the kidneys were determined. Results: Results indicated that rats fed with carbide-ripened plantain had a significantly high level of plasma bicarbonate (HCO3−) compared to control rats., but there was no difference in the level of plasma sodium (Na+). However, the levels of plasma potassium (K+) and chloride (Cl−) were significantly low in rats fed with CaC2-ripened plantain as compared to the control rats. Furthermore, the levels of urea and creatinine were significantly high in rats fed with CaC2-ripened plantain compared to the control animals. Histological analyses showed glomeruli atrophy and tubular necrosis in kidneys of rats fed with CaC2-ripened plantain, thereby further indicating toxicity to the kidneys. Conclusions: Histological evidence and alterations in the level of the plasma electrolytes, urea, and creatinine suggest that consumption of fruits ripened with calcium carbide may be harmful to the kidneys.


Resumo Introdução: Agentes de maturação artificial como etanol, etileno, etefon e carbureto de cálcio (CaC2) são comumente empregados para estimular o amadurecimento de frutas. Atualmente, há uma escassez de informações a respeito dos efeitos de diversos métodos artificiais de maturação de frutas no estado de saúde dos consumidores. Neste estudo, investigaram-se os efeitos fisiológicos e possíveis riscos à saúde associados ao consumo de plátano maturado por CaC2 e outros métodos não químicos nos rins. Métodos: O plátano artificialmente amadurecido foi misturado com ração de rato e fornecido a ratos albinos Wistar por quatro semanas, e determinaram-se os níveis de eletrólitos plasmáticos (Na+, HCO3−, K+, e Cl−), ureia, creatinina, bem como alterações histológicas nos rins. Resultados: Ratos alimentados com plátano amadurecido com carbureto apresentaram um nível significativamente maior de bicarbonato plasmático (HCO3−) em comparação com ratos controle, mas não houve diferença no nível plasmático de sódio (Na+). Entretanto, os níveis plasmáticos de potássio (K+) e cloreto (Cl−) foram significativamente baixos em ratos alimentados com plátano maturado com CaC2 comparados com ratos controle. Além disso, os níveis de ureia e creatinina foram significativamente mais elevados em ratos alimentados com plátano amadurecido com CaC2, em comparação com os animais controle. Análises histológicas mostraram atrofia glomerular e necrose tubular em rins de ratos alimentados com plátano amadurecido com CaC2, indicando assim ainda mais toxicidade aos rins. Conclusões: Evidências histológicas e alterações nos eletrólitos plasmáticos, ureia e creatinina sugerem que o consumo de frutas amadurecidas com carbureto de cálcio pode ser prejudicial aos rins.

19.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535410

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Osteoporosis is a chronic disease characterized by a decrease in the density of bone mass, making bone more porous, less resistant and of lower quality than normal bone. This leads to the deterioration of its microstructure, making the bone more fragile and therefore increasing the risk of fracture. It has been found that high concentrations of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium promote the absorption of minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus and thus increase mineral density. Due to the great social and economic impacts of osteoporosis, it is necessary to develop interventions that can be easily adopted at the population level, improving the quality of life of individuals without significantly affecting the health system. Objective: Assessing the impact of increased dairy consumption on the Colombian population diagnosed with osteoporosis between 2015 and 2020 through the simulation of the potential impact fraction (PIF). Methods: Using data from the Integrated Social Protection Information System (SISPRO) and National Nutritional Situation Survey (ENSIN), the incidence, the frequency of milk consumption, the potential impact fraction (PIF), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) were estimated. Results: A total of 63,640 cases of osteoporosis were identified. The highest incidence was observed in 2019. Seventeen food groups were identified in the ENSIN, and the most frequent products consumed by respondents over 50 years of age were milk, cheese, and yogurt. The PIF was then analysed, with a calcium intake of 600 mg/ day, and a significant difference in the decrease in the number of cases was observed. In 2019, a higher estimated DALY loss of 9.9 was observed. In women, years of life lost due to fractures were the highest in the 65-69 age group. In men, they were highest in the 75-79 age group. Discussion: We observed that the departments with the highest consumption of dairy products were the capital of the country and regions where dairy products factories are located. It was not possible to establish an association between socioeconomic strata and low dairy intake. Nevertheless, some authors have proposed that westernization of diets and low income reduce access to fresh fruits and milk derivates. Conclusion: Years lost due to disability increased in the population over 60 years of age. In the PIF analysis, a decrease in cases was observed when the population increased consumption of dairy products.


Introducción: La osteoporosis es una enfermedad crónica caracterizada por una disminución de la densidad de la masa ósea que hace que el hueso sea más poroso, menos resistente y de menor calidad que el hueso normal. Esto conduce al deterioro de su microestructura, por lo que el hueso se hace más frágil y, por lo tanto, aumenta el riesgo de fractura. Se ha encontrado que las altas concentraciones de Lactobacillus y Bifidobacterium promueven la absorción de minerales como calcio, magnesio y fósforo y, por lo tanto, aumentan la densidad mineral. Debido a los grandes impactos sociales y económicos de la osteoporosis, es necesario desarrollar intervenciones que puedan ser fácilmente adoptadas a nivel poblacional con el fin de mejorar la calidad de vida de los individuos sin afectar significativamente el sistema de salud. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto del aumento del consumo de lácteos en la población colombiana con diagnóstico de osteoporosis entre 2015 y 2020 mediante la simulación de la fracción de impacto potencial (PIF). Materiales y métodos: Estudio ecológico realizado en adultos mayores de 50 años con diagnóstico de osteoporosis. A partir de los registros del Sistema Integrado de Información de Protección Social (SISPRO) y la Encuesta Nacional de Situación Nutricional (ENSIN), se estimó la incidencia, la frecuencia de consumo de leche, el PIF y los años de vida ajustados por discapacidad (AVAD). Resultados: Se identificaron un total de 63 640 casos de osteoporosis en SISPRO, la mayor incidencia se observó en 2019. Se establecieron 17 grupos de alimentos en la ENSIN, los productos más frecuentes consumidos en población mayor de 50 años fueron leche, queso y yogur. En el cálculo del PIF se encuentra que con una ingesta de calcio de 600 mg/día se reduciría significativamente el número de casos. En 2019 se observó una mayor pérdida estimada de AVAD de 9,9. En las mujeres, los años de vida perdidos debido a fracturas fueron más altos en el grupo de edad de 65 a 69 años. En los hombres, fue más alta en el grupo de edad de 75-79 años. Discusión: Observamos que los departamentos con mayor consumo de productos lácteos fueron la capital y las regiones donde se encuentran las fábricas de productos lácteos. No fue posible establecer una asociación entre los estratos socioeconómicos y la baja ingesta de lácteos. Sin embargo, algunos autores han propuesto que la occidentalización de las dietas y los bajos ingresos reducen el acceso a frutas frescas y derivados de la leche. Conclusión: Los años perdidos por discapacidad aumentaron en la población mayor de 60 años. En el análisis PIF, se observó una disminución en los casos (reducción de 2329 casos/ año) cuando la población aumentó el consumo de productos lácteos.

20.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 15(2)dic. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536282

ABSTRACT

Wide-Field Calcium Images (WFCI) directly reflect neuronal excitation, but their poor frame rate could be a drawback for time series analysis. This work was aimed at exploring the diagnostic capability retained by a time series obtained from calcium imaging data. To that purpose, we analyzed publicly available data from 2.88 hour continuous recordings of calcium images obtained from seven mice at different wake/sleep stages. Data were obtained from the Physionet portal and were submitted to Recurrence Quantification Analysis (RQA). The association between retrosplenial and parietal areas was also assessed. Nonlinear RQA analysis allowed to identify the right retrosplenial and parietal areas as particularly sensitive to changes in sleep walking condition. Specifically, our results suggested that the RQA feature lmean decreases in non-REM sleep_1 stage as compared to waking stage. Sleep (both sleep_1 stage and REM) apparently elicits an increase in the association between retrosplenial and parietal areas. Overall, these results suggest that RQA and association analysis are appropriate to assess modifications associated to changes in brain condition, in spite of the low sampling rate of WFCI signals.


Las Imágenes de Calcio de Campo Ancho (Wide-Field Calcium Images, WFCI) reflejan directamente la excitación neuronal, pero su escasa resolución temporal pudiera resultar un impedimento para el análisis de series temporales. El presente trabajo tuvo por finalidad explorar la capacidad diagnostica que retiene una serie temporal extraída de imágenes de calcio. Para ello, se estudió una base de datos disponible en la red que contiene registros de 2.88 horas de duración de imágenes de calcio correspondientes a 7 ratones transgénicos a diferentes estadios de sueño/vigilia. Los datos fueron descargados del portal Physionet y sometidos a Análisis de Cuantificación Recurrente (Recurrent Quantification Analysis, RQA). La asociación entre las áreas retrosplenial y parietal derechas fue también evaluada. El análisis no lineal mediante RQA permitió identificar las áreas retrosplenial y parietal derechas como zonas particularmente sensibles a cambios en el estado de sueño/vigilia. Específicamente, nuestros resultados sugieren que el índice l mean se redujo en el estadio 1 de sueño no REM en comparación con el estado de vigilia. El estado de sueño, tanto REM como no-REM aparentemente induce un reforzamiento en la apreciación entre las áreas retrosplenial y parietal derechas. En su conjunto, estos resultados apuntan que el análisis de RQA y de asociación entre áreas son pertinentes para sensar las modificaciones asociadas a cambios en el estado del cerebro, a pesar de la baja resolución temporal de las señales WFCI.

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