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1.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 May; 16(2): 238-242
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213806

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: The relative effectiveness of tracers in guiding para-aortic lymph node dissection (PAND) in advanced gastric cancer is undefined. In this single-center, prospective study, we aimed to discuss the effectiveness of such tracers. Materials and Methods: Between January 2015 and January 2016, 90 consecutive patients with stage T4a gastric cancer were evenly assigned to receive 0.2 mL of carbon nanoparticles (a), methylene blue (b), or no tracer (c) injection through no. 12b lymph nodes before PAND. Results: There was no difference in the baseline characteristics between the three groups. Group A vs. B or C had a higher number of dissected lymph nodes (34.1 ± 9.8, 25.5 ± 5.5, and 22.6 ± 3.7; P < 0.001; B vs. C: P =0.321) and no. 16a2/b1 para-aortic lymph nodes (PANs; 11.8 ± 4.8, 7.0 ± 1.2, and 5.5 ± 1.2; P < 0.001; B vs. C: P =0.178) and similar rates of lymph node metastasis (20.9 ± 17.5%, 19.1 ± 15.1%, and 23.6 ± 19.7%; P = 0.511), positive dissected PAN (23.3% [7/30], 16.7% [5/30], and 16.7% [5/30]), surgery duration (252.9 + 35.4, 244.4 ± 29.0, and 250.3 + 29.9 min; P = 0.421), and blood loss (266.7 ± 115.5, 270.0 ± 82.6, and 260.0 ± 116.3 mL, P = 0.933). There was no common bile duct damage by tracer injection, and one case of duodenal stump fistula, one abdominal infection, and two anastomotic leakages in Groups A–C, respectively, were treated successfully. Conclusions: In advanced gastric cancer treatment, carbon nanoparticle injection into no. 12b nodes appears to better trace no. 16a2/b1 PAN

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821529

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study is to evaluate the application of carbon nanoparticle lymphatic tracer in total thyroidectomy and bilateral Central District's thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma.@*Method@#Sixty-four patients with cN0 papillary thyroid carcinoma that primary treated were random divided into two groups: Trial group and control group. Carbon nanoparticles suspension was injected into the thyroid gland of trial group patients.After ten minutes, total thyroidectomy plus bilateral central neck dissection was performed in the all patients. The black stained tissue in the dissection specimen of trial group was separated. The control group underwent total thyroidectomy plus bilateral central neck dissection. Total lymph node and parathyroid gland in the black stained tissue,and non-black stained tissue in the central compartment dissection specimen of trial group and central compartment dissection specimen of control group were counted respectively.Total lymph node, the mis-cut parathyroid glands in the adipose tissue of central lymph node,post-operative blood calcium and parathyroid hormone(PTH)of two groups were contrasted and analyzed.@*Result@#There are 235 lymph nodes in the black-stained tissue of central compartment dissection specimen of trial group.No parathyroid gland was found in the black-stained tissue.Five lymph nodes and 2 parathyroid glands were found in the non-black stained tissue of central compartment dissection specimen of trial group. There were 164 lymph nodes and 9 parathyroid glands in central compartment dissection specimen of control group. There is statistic difference between the number of lymph nodes in black stain tissue and that of control group(t=8.291, P=0.000).Rate of staining lymph node were 97.9 percent. No parathyroid glands were found in the black stained tissue. Nine mis-cut parathyroid glands(7.0%) were observed in the control group,while 2(1.6%) in the trial group(P<0.05).None permanent hypocalcemia and PTH decrease were observed in the two groups.There were 10 patients(31.3%) with temporary hypocalcemia and 9 patients(28.1%)with temporary PTH decrease respectively in the control group,and there was 1 patient(3.1%) and 1 patient(3.1%) respectively in the trial group(P<0.05). @*Conclusion@#The effect of nano-carbon is ideal, and the parathyroid gland can not be stained black. It can distinguish the thyroid tissue from the surrounding lymphoid adipose tissue and clearly mark the Central District lymph nodes, reduce the risk of parathyroid gland injury during thyroid cancer. Neck dissection in the central region can improve the efficiency of lymph node dissection, protect the parathyroid gland and reduce the risk of postoperative complications.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787721

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to evaluate the application of carbon nanoparticle lymphatic tracer in total thyroidectomy and bilateral Central District's thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma. Sixty-four patients with cN0 papillary thyroid carcinoma that primary treated were random divided into two groups: Trial group and control group. Carbon nanoparticles suspension was injected into the thyroid gland of trial group patients.After ten minutes, total thyroidectomy plus bilateral central neck dissection was performed in the all patients. The black stained tissue in the dissection specimen of trial group was separated. The control group underwent total thyroidectomy plus bilateral central neck dissection. Total lymph node and parathyroid gland in the black stained tissue,and non-black stained tissue in the central compartment dissection specimen of trial group and central compartment dissection specimen of control group were counted respectively.Total lymph node, the mis-cut parathyroid glands in the adipose tissue of central lymph node,post-operative blood calcium and parathyroid hormone(PTH)of two groups were contrasted and analyzed. There are 235 lymph nodes in the black-stained tissue of central compartment dissection specimen of trial group.No parathyroid gland was found in the black-stained tissue.Five lymph nodes and 2 parathyroid glands were found in the non-black stained tissue of central compartment dissection specimen of trial group. There were 164 lymph nodes and 9 parathyroid glands in central compartment dissection specimen of control group. There is statistic difference between the number of lymph nodes in black stain tissue and that of control group(=8.291, =0.000).Rate of staining lymph node were 97.9 percent. No parathyroid glands were found in the black stained tissue. Nine mis-cut parathyroid glands(7.0%) were observed in the control group,while 2(1.6%) in the trial group(<0.05).None permanent hypocalcemia and PTH decrease were observed in the two groups.There were 10 patients(31.3%) with temporary hypocalcemia and 9 patients(28.1%)with temporary PTH decrease respectively in the control group,and there was 1 patient(3.1%) and 1 patient(3.1%) respectively in the trial group(<0.05). The effect of nano-carbon is ideal, and the parathyroid gland can not be stained black. It can distinguish the thyroid tissue from the surrounding lymphoid adipose tissue and clearly mark the Central District lymph nodes, reduce the risk of parathyroid gland injury during thyroid cancer. Neck dissection in the central region can improve the efficiency of lymph node dissection, protect the parathyroid gland and reduce the risk of postoperative complications.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865668

ABSTRACT

Herein, we report a novel sensor to detect trypsin using a purpose-designed fluorescein-labelled peptide with negatively charged carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) modified by acid oxidation. The fluorescence of the fluorescein-labelled peptide was quenched by CNPs. The sensor reacted with trypsin to cleave the peptide, resulting in the release of the dye moiety and a substantial increase in fluorescence intensity, which was dose-and time-dependent, and trypsin could be quantified accordingly. Correspondingly, the biosensor has led to the development of a convenient and efficient fluorescent method to measure trypsin activity, with a detection limit of 0.7μg/mL. The method allows rapid determination of trypsin activity in the normal and acute pancreatitis range, suitable for point-of-care testing. Furthermore, the applicability of the method has been demonstrated by detecting trypsin in spiked urine samples.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799049

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application of endoscopic tattooing with carbon nanoparticles in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer (ACRC).@*Methods@#A randomized controlled study was used. Inclusion criteria: (1) age more than 18 years old, and colorectal cancer was found for the first time and confirmed by colonoscopy and biopsy; (2) advanced colorectal cancer (preoperative TNM stage of T3/N1 or above, local unresectable lesion, M1 stage and simultaneously resectable metastatic lesion), and patients agreed to receive neoadjuvant therapy; (3) advanced colorectal cancer (TNM stage of T3/N1 or above) with simultaneous unresectable metastatic lesion, and patients refused operation and consented to chemoradiotherapy. Patients with previous abdominal surgery history, radiotherapy and chemotherapy history, urgent need for surgery or endoscopic stent placement and those with severe allergic constitution were excluded. Based on the above criteria, 120 patients diagnosed with ACRC in No.900 Hospital of the Joint Logistics Team from January 2016 to December 2017 were prospectively enrolled and randomly divided into tattoo group and non-tattoo group by random number table method. Tattoo group were tattooed within 1-7 days before chemoradiotherapy. The labeling location of the lesions: (1) if the colonoscopy could pass smoothly, 4 points were injected into the intestinal wall of the both opposite sides 1 cm cephalad and caudad of the tumor; (2) if the colorectal cavity was severely narrow and the colonoscopy could not pass, only 4 points were injected in 4 quadrants at 1 cm caudad of the tumor. Each injection point was injected with 0.1 ml carbon nanoparticles, and the size of the tumor was measured according to the range of carbon nanoparticles staining. The efficacy was evaluated after 8 weeks of chemoradiotherapy. Patients who were defined to be suitable for operation underwent operation 6 weeks after chemoradiotherapy. The following parameters were compared between two groups: lesion identification time, operation time, blood loss, distance from lesion to distal margin, the rate of first positive margin and the rate of anal sphincter preservation (rectal cancer). Among patients who had been evaluated as having no indication for surgery, those who were effective in chemoradiotherapy continued to receive chemotherapy in the original regimen; if the treatment failed, the chemotherapy regimen was replaced, and the efficacy was finally evaluated after six months [referring to the revised RECIST guidelines (version 1.1)].@*Results@#Three patients withdrew from this study, and 117 patients were enrolled in this study finally, including 59 cases in tattoo group and 58 cases in the non-tattoo group. There were no significant differences in baseline data between two groups (all P>0.05). All the patients had slight adverse reactions of radiotherapy and chemotherapy before operation, and could tolerate after symptomatic management without interruption of treatment. All the patients in the tattoo group had no discomfort such as fever, abdominal pain, abdominal distention, hematochezia, etc. and the intestinal mucosa could be seen clearly with black staining after being tattooed. A total of 77 patients were evaluated with surgical indications, including 39 cases in the tattoo group (tattoo-operable) and 38 cases in the non-tattoo group (non-tattoo-operatable). There were no significant differences in baseline data between the two groups (all P>0.05). Forty patients without operation indications continued chemoradiotherapy, including 20 cases in tattoo group (tattoo-inoperable) and 20 cases in non-tattoo group (non-tattoo-inoperable), whose differences in baseline data between the two groups were not significant as well (all P>0.05). No obvious edema, necrosis or abscess were found in the tattooed segments and the black spots could be seen quickly and clearly on the serosa of rectum in tattoo-operable patients. As compared to non-tattoo group, tattoo group had significantly shorter lesion identification time [(3.4±1.4) minutes vs. (11.8±3.4) minutes, t=-14.07,P<0.001], shorter operation time [(155.7±44.5) minutes vs. (177.2±30.2) minutes, t=-2.48,P=0.015], less blood loss [(101.3±36.7) ml vs.(120.2±38.2) ml, t=-2.22,P=0.029], shorter distance from lesion to distal margin [(3.7±1.0) cm vs. (4.6±1.7) cm, t=-2.20, P=0.034], while tattoo group had slightly higher rate of anal sphincter preservation [66.7%(16/24) vs. 45.5%(10/22), χ2=2.10,P=0.234] and lower rate of first positive resection margin [0 vs. 4.5%(1/22), χ2=0.62,P=0.480], but their differences were not significant. There were no significant differences in the degree of tumor differentiation and TNM stage between two groups. Patients without operative indication were evaluated for efficacy of chemoradiotherapy again after half a year. One case of complete response (CR), 8 of partial response (PR), 10 of stable disease (SD) and 1 of progressive disease (PD) were found and the improvement rate was 45.0% (9/20) in tattoo-inoperable patients. No case of CR, 6 of PR, 11 of SD and 3 of PD were found and the improvement rate was 30.0% (6/20) in non-tattoo-inoperable patients. There was no significant difference in the improvement rate between the two groups (P=0.514).@*Conclusions@#Endoscopic tattooing with carbon nanoparticles injection is safe and reliable for colorectal tumor positioning. It can assist rapid detection of lesions during surgery after neoadjuvant treatment, perform accurate resection, significantly shorten the operation time and reduce surgical trauma; can assist colonoscopy accurately to measure the size of the lesions before and after chemoradiotherapy, and increase the means of assessing the efficacy to guide the follow-up treatment plan. This technique is worth clinical promotion and application.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762684

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The combination of indocyanine green and methylene blue (ICG + MB) was reported to be an efficient tracer method in sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). However, whether this method is superior to MB only or carbon nanoparticles (CN) is controversial. This study was to evaluate the efficacy of the three methods in SLNB for breast cancer, and to analyze its influencing factors. METHODS: One hundred eighty patients with early breast cancer were recruited and randomly divided into 3 groups. Each group comprising of 60 patients with SLNB using ICG + MB, MB, and CN, respectively. Then the 3 groups were compared in detection rate, mean number of SLNs, and the detection rates and number of metastatic sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs). RESULTS: The detection rate of SLNs was 100% (60 of 60) in ICG + MB group, 96.7% (58 of 60), and 98.3% (59 of 60) in MB and CN group, respectively, with no significant difference (P = 0.362). Totally, 204 SLNs (mean ± standard deviation [SD] [range], 3.4 ± 1.4 [2–8]) were detected in ICG + MB group, 102 (1.7 ± 0.7 [0–3]) and 145 (2.4 ± 0.7 [0–6]) in MB and CN group, indicating significant difference (P < 0.001). The detection rate of metastatic SLN was 23.3% (14 of 60) in ICG + MB group, which was higher than 18.3% (11 of 60) and 20% (11 of 60) in MB and CN group, respectively, but showed no statistical significance (P = 0.788). CONCLUSION: ICG + MB method was superior to MB only and CN only methods in the mean number of SLNs, thus predicting axillary lymph node metastasis more accurately. Therefore, in areas where the standard method is not available, ICG + MB may be more suitable as an alternative tracer for SLNB.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carbon , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Lymph Nodes , Methods , Methylene Blue , Nanoparticles , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753016

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of carbon nanoparticle labeled lymph node staining in radical resection of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction with preoperative chemoradiotherapy.Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 56 patients with adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction who underwent preoperative chemoradiotherapy in the Peking University Cancer Hospital from January 2014 to November 2017 were collected.There were 52 males and 4 females,aged from 22 to 76 years,with an average age of 62 years.Among 56 patients undergoing total gastrectomy and D2 lymphadenectomy,17 using carbon nanoparticle lymph node staining and 39 using traditional lymph node sorting were respectively allocated into observation group and control group.Observation indicators:(1) treatment situations;(2) detection of lymph nodes;(3) perioperative complications;(4) follow-up.Followup using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect tumor recurrence or metastasis up to May 2019.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD,and comparison between groups was evaluated by the independent sample t test.Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range),and comparison between groups was evaluated by the Mann-Whitney U test.Count data were described as absolute numbers,and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact propability.Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the nonparametric rank sum test.Results (1) Treatment situations:patients in both groups were successfully treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy based on intensity modulated radiotherapy before operation.Radical gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy was successfully performed after chemoradiotherapy,and Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy was used to reconstruct the digestive tract during operation.The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss were respectively (217± 58)minutes and (112±60)mL in the observation group,and (235±65) minutes and (119±77)mL in the control group,with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (t =1.017,0.341,P>0.05).(2) Detection of lymph nodes:the average number of harvested lymph nodes,average number of radiation target lymph nodes,and average number of peritarget lymph nodes were respectively 32± 10,21±8,and 7±4 in the observation group,and 22±7,16±5,5±3 in the control group,with statistically significant differences between the two groups (t=4.138,2.881,2.401,P<0.05).The median number of positive lymph nodes harvested,median number of positive radiation target lymph nodes,and median number of positive peritarget lymph nodes were respectively 0 (range,0-2),0 (range,0-2),and 0 (range,0-0) in the observation group,and 0 (range,0-7),0 (range,0-3),and 0 (range,0-1) in the control group,showing no statistically significant difference between the two groups (Z=1.305,1.101,0.660,P > 0.05).(3) Perioperative complications:6 and 18 patients in the observation group and the control group had complications,respectively,with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (x2=0.570,P>0.05).Patients with complications were improved after drug treatment and local treatment without second operation.No local or systemic adverse reactions caused by carbon nanoparticles was observed during and after operation in the observation group.(4) Follow-up:56 patients were followed up for 5-65 months,with a median follow-up time of 32 months.There were 14 and 6 patients in the observation group and the control group with tumor recurrence or metastasis,respectively,showing no significant difference between the two groups (x2 =0.002,P>0.05).Conclusion Carbon nanoparticle labeled lymph node staining in radical resection of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction with preoperative chemoradiotherapy can increase the number of harvested lymph nodes.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804671

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effects of staining with carbon nanoparticles on the identification of parathyroid glands and lymph nodes during thyroid carcinoma surgery combined with lymphadenectomy.@*Methods@#A total of 194 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma who underwent thyroidectomy combined with lymphadenectomy from April 2016 to January 2018 were reviewed. Of them 104 cases were injected with carbon nanoparticles in operation area (nanocarbon group) and other 90 cases without the injection of carbon nanoparticles were as control group. The incidence of mistakenly dissection of parathyroid glands and the levels of serum calcium and parathyroid hormone in 1 day, 3 days, 1 month and 6 months after surgery were compared between two groups of patients. Chisquare and ranksum test were used to analyze 2 data.@*Results@#There were no significant differences in age, gender, tumor size, operation time, extrathyroidal invasion and multifocality between two groups. Compared with control groups, nanocarbon group showed a significantly lower incidence of mistakenly dissection of parathyroid glands (8 cases vs 2 cases, 8.9% vs 1.9%,χ2=4.9, P=0.026) and a significantly lower incidence of hypoparathyroidism (41 cases vs 28 cases, 45.5% vs 26.9%, χ2=7.3, P=0.007). The number of lymph nodes dissected from central compartment was 791 in nanocarbon group and 536 in control groups, with a statistically significant difference (Z=-2.2, P=0.028). There was a significant difference in the number of lymph nodes removed from the right neck Ⅵb level between nanocarbon group and control group (41 nodes vs 93 nodes, Z=-2.1, P=0.034).@*Conclusion@#Treatment with nanocarbon can significantly facilitate the identification of the parathyroid during total thyroidectomy combined with central compartment lymphadenectomy, reduce the incidence of postoperative hypoparathyroidism, and improve the dissection of lymph node in the central compartment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699127

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of lymph node-targeted chemotherapy in resection of esophageal carcinoma.Methods The prospective study was conducted.The clinical data of 117 patients with middle and low esophageal carcinoma (without involving esophagogastric junction) who underwent left transthoracic esophagectomy and regional lymph node dissection in the West China Hospital of Sichuan University between January 2013 and December 2013 were collected.All patients were allocated into the 4 groups by semi-randomized control method:CPL group received intraoperatively carbon nanoparticles-paclitaxel for lymph node-targeted chemotherapy,CFL group received intraoperatively carbon nanoparticles-fluorouracil for lymph nodetargeted chemotherapy,FV group received preoperative fluorouracil intravenous chemotherapy,and control group underwent left transthoracic esophagectomy and regional lymph node dissection.CPL and CFL groups:suspensions of carbon nanoparticles and chemotherapy drugs were preoperatively prepared,and were intraoperatively injected under mucosa of lower edge of thoracic esophageal tumor using 0.1 mL syringes.FV group:fluorouracil with 100 mL of saline were mixed,and then were preoperatively injected by intravenous drip within 30 minutes.After cutting tissues of esophageal carcinoma,lymph nodes of left gastric arteria were removed,and drug level in lymph nodes was measured.At the beginning of esophagogastrostomy in the CPL,CFL and FV groups,3 mL peripheral venous blood were collected and measured for serum drug level.Control group:patients underwent left transthoractic esophagectomy and regional lymph node dissection (no blood sample and esophageal specimen).Observation indicators:(1) comparison of drug levels in lymph node and serum of patients with chemotherapy;(2) follow-up and survival:4-year cumulative survival rate in 4 groups.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect patients' survival up to December 2017.Measurement data with normal distribution and homogeneity of variance were represented as (x)±s,and comparisons among groups were analyzed using the ANOVA.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (P25,P75),and comparisons among groups and between groups were respectively analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis rank test and Mann-Whitney U test or Wilcoxon signed rank test.Comparisons of count data were analyzed using chi-square test or Fisher exact probability.Ordinal data were compared by the Kruskal-Wallis test.The survival curve was drawn by the Kaplan-Meier method,and Log-rank test was used for survival analysis.Results One hundred and seventeen patients were screened for eligibility,including 90 males and 27 females,and age was 37-84 years old,with an average age of 62 years old.Of 117 patients,41,41,9 and 26 were respectively allocated into the CPL,CFL,FV and control groups.Eligible patients recovered and were discharged from hospital,without bone marrow depression,severe diarrhea,anastomotic leakage and severe pneumonia.(1) Comparison of drug levels in lymph node and serum of patients with chemotherapy:drug levels in the CPL,CFL and FV groups were respectively 2.16 μg/g (1.14 μg/g,4.39 μg/g),0.44 μg/g (0.11 μg/g,1.18 μg/g),0.11 μg/g (0,0.28 μg/g) in lymph nodes and 0 (0,0),0 (0,0.31 μg/mL),0 (0,0.30 μg/mL) in serum.Drug levels of lymph node in the CPL and CFL groups were higher than those of serum,with statistically significant differences (Z=-5.579,-3.069,P<0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in drug levels of lymph node and serum of FV group (Z =-0.365,P>0.05).There was a statistically significant difference in drug levels of lymph node among CPL,CFL and FV groups (H=33.458,P<0.05),and in drug levels of serum among CPL,CFL and FV groups (H=10.356,P<0.05).Further analysis showed that fluorouracil level of lymph node in the CFL group was higher than that in the FV group,with a statistically significant difference (Z =82.500,P< 0.05),and there was no statistically significant difference in fluorouracil level of serum between CFL group and FV group (Z =160.500,P>0.05).Paclitaxel level of lymph node in the CPL group was higher than fluorouracil level of lymph node in the CFL group,with a statistically significant difference (Z =351.000,P<0.05),and paclitaxel level of serum in the CPL group was lower than fluorouracil level of serum in the CFL group,showing a statistically significant difference (Z=577.000,P<0.05).(2) Follow-up and survival:of 117 patients,21 lost follow-up,and 96 were followed up for 6.0-58.0 months,with a median time of 20.0 months.The 4-year cumulative survival rate in the CPL,CFL,FV and control groups was respectively 46.2%,27.8%,33.3% and 17.1%.There was no statistically significant difference in the survival of 4 groups (x2 =5.166,P>0.05).Conclusions The lymph node-targeted chemotherapy can promote chemotherapy drugs to aggregate in the lymph nodes during resection of esophageal carcinoma.The affinity of chemotherapy drugs on carrier is involved in clinical effects,and single use of chemotherapy drug cannot improve postoperative survival rate of patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695567

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value and method of using carbon nanoparticles in endoscopic treatment of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma.Method 74 cases were randomly divided into two groups,34 cases in experimental group which were injected with carbon nanoparticles,and 40 cases in the control group without any injection.All cases were analyzed in terms of the tumor size,the number of lymph nodes and parathyroid gland injury.Results All patients underwent the operation smoothly.The postoperative pathological specimens result showed there was no statistical difference of carcinoma size between the two groups.The number of lymph nodes dissected was 177 in the control group and 220 in the experimental group (the rate of lymph node black staining rate was 89%).In the experimental group,the average number of lymph node detected in each patient was 6.47±2.13,more than 4.42±1.91 in the control group.The number of parathyroid glands found in the experimental group was 3 and 11 in the control group,and the difference had no statistical significance.Postoperative temporary laryngeal recurrent nerve injury occurred to 2 cases in each group,and no statistical difference was found.Conclusion Using carbon nanoparticles in endoscopic treatment of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma can increase the detection rate of lymph node,and to some extent,reduce the parathyroid injury.It has a certain clinical significance,However,care should be taken to avoid contamination of the mirror field of view.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695565

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of the carbon nanoparticles (CN) in prophylactic central compartment lymph node dissection (PCCND) in treatment of clinically node-negative (cN0) papillary thyroid carcinoma.Methods A total of 102 cN0 patients in our department from Dec.2016 to Jun.2017 were enrolled in our study and randomly allocated to the control group (n=51) and the CN group (n=51).All the patients have received (near) total unilateral lobectomy or bilateral thyroidectomy plus the affected side PCCND.The baseline characteristics,lymph node-related indices (including number of total dissected lymph nodes and metastatic lymph nodes at central area) and postoperative complication indices were collected and compared between the 2 groups.Results The differences of baseline characteristics between CN group and the control group were not significant (all P>0.05).The total number of dissected lymph nodes was 573 in CN group and 334 in the control group.The average lymph nodes in each patient was 11.2±5.46 in CN group,which was higher than 6.5±4.3 of the control group (P<0.001).The average count of positive lymph nodes was higher in CN group than in the control group (2.0±3.3 vs 0.8±1.5) (P<0.05).Transient hypocalcaemia happened to 2 patients in CN group and 9 patients in the control group (P=0.025).Conclusions CN can increase the number of lymph nodes in central neck dissection and the rate of metastatic lymph nodes resection.It can decrease the risk of transient parathyroid injury.CN is clinically valuable in treatment of cN0 papillary thyroid cancer undergoing PCCND.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 177-179,197, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695541

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is a common malignant tumor in China.Carbon nanoparticles is widely used in the precise treatment of gastric cancer in recent years.It is more and more widely used in the precise lymph node dissection of gastrectomy,targeted lymphatic chemotherapy and intraperitoneal chemotherapy.However,there are still controversies about the types,doses,and timing of targeted chemotherapy drugs.Further clinical studies are still needed.

13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 470-472, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691815

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of carbon nanoparticles for tracing sentinel node(SN) in early gastric cancer (EGC).Methods Forty-six patients with EGC conducted subserous injection of carbon nanoparticle solution 1.0 mL at 4-6 points around tumor during operation.SN was examined by adopting 3 different methods.The first stained lymph node was defined as the first SN(FSN),and the whole group lymph nodes were identified as the group SN(GSN) and all lymph nodes colored within 5 min were labeled as the all SN(ASN).The affirmative SN and other resected lymph nodes were performed the histopathological examination and comparison.Resnlts In all 46 cases,SN was successfully detected out with the detection rate of 100%;the number of SN,GSN and ASN were 1.04 ± 0.21,3.93-±-1.90 and 13.61 ± 4.36 respectively,the difference in SN number among 3 different methods had statistical significance(P<0.05).The accuracy rates of FSN,GSN and ASN for judging perigastric lymph node metastasis status were 95.65%,100% and 100%,respectively.Conclusion The carbon nanoparticles tracing SN in EGC has higher staining rate and higher accuracy for predicting lymph node metastasis;GSN has high accuracy,moreover has less trauma and is most suitable method for detecting SN.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711551

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of carbon nanoparticles marker before neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy ( NACRT) of locally advanced rectal cancer. Methods Clinical data of 18 patients ( 11 male and 7 female) with locally advanced rectal cancer admitted to Fuzhou General Hospital from July 2015 to December 2015 was analyzed retrospectively. Patients were 45. 8±12. 5 (35-68) years old. Before NACRT, carbon nanoparticles were injected through an endoscope. The multiple-point injection was 1 cm from the lesion ( 4 quadrants of the upper, lower, left and right) to avoid direct injection into the tumor. The injection suspension of carbon nanoparticles was 5 mg per point. After endoscopic marking, the duration of NACRT plus rest was 8 ± 2 ( 5-11 ) weeks, and then the surgery was performed. Effects of endoscopic carbon nanoparticles markers on judgment of the tumor size, the distance from the lower margin of the tumor to the anal border, the intraoperative condition and the rate of anus preservation were observed. Results The operation time was 10. 0±3. 5(5-15)min. No adverse reactions, and bleeding, perforation or other complications occurred. After NACRT, all tumors were reduced, completely disappeared in 7 cases ( 38. 9%) , and pathologically respond in 6 cases ( 33. 3%) . The distance between the lower margin of the tumor and the margin of the anal border was 6. 4 ± 1. 8 ( 4. 5-10. 0) cm. In the operation, 100% lesions were found to be stained black outside the intestine, with clear location and partial lymph node dysphasia. Eight cases received anus preserving operation, and the rate of anus preservation was 44. 4%. Conclusion The carbon nanoparticles marker can accurately position the tumor and label the lymph node for locally advanced rectal cancer before NACRT. The dyeing effect is lasting, conducive to the surgery or follow-up observation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706749

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the anatomical characteristics of the parathyroid lymphatic system and the mechanism of the"negative development"of the carbon nanoparticles for parathyroid gland in thyroidectomy.Methods:This retrospective study used parathyroid tissue samples from patients that were obtained from archival records in the pathology department,including 45 cases of normal parathyroid gland tissues that were accidentally resected in thyroidectomy,10 cases of parathyroid adenomas,and 7 cases of parathyroid carcinoma.Ten cases of normal thyroid tissues were selected as positive control.Immunohistochemistry was performed using the antibodies specific for lymphatic endothelium,such as D2-40 and LYVE-1,and antibodies specific for vascular endothelial cell such as CD31 and CD34,to distinguish them from each other.Results:A total of 62 parathyroid glands samples were stained with vas-cular markers CD31,CD34 and lymphatic markers D2-40,LYVE-1 respectively(partial samples were stained unsuccessfully).Vascular vessels in the CD31 staining group were detected in 50 of 58 examined glands and the positive rate was 86.2%.In the CD34 staining group,positive rate was 100%(60/60).The positive cells were found in the central,periphery and vascular hilum of the glands.Howev-er,lymph vessels in the D2-40 staining group were detected from 17 out of 59 examined glands,with the positive rate of 28.8%;In the LYVE-1 staining group,positive rate was 39.6%(23/58).The positive cells were found in the membrane or vascular hilum,less frequent or undetectable in the central portion.Conclusions:Most of the parathyroid glands of adults might lack a lymphatic network.Only a few adult parathyroid glands had minority lymph vessels,and these lymphatics generally localized at the membrane area or in the vas-cular hilum, which could be one of the main and anatomical mechanisms resulting in drainage failure or obstruction of carbon nanoparticles and thus in parathyroid"negative development."

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513399

ABSTRACT

Nitrogen-doped carbon nanoparticles (N-CNPs) with a fluorescence quantum yield of 15.1% were prepared from sucrose and urea in oleic acid medium by a one-pot solvothermal method.A new approach for quick,sensitive,and selective determination of free chlorine in water was developed based on fluorescence quenching of N-CNPs.There existed a good linear correlation between the fluorescence quenching and the concentration of ClO-in the range of 0.05-25.00 μmol/L.The limit of detection (LOD,S/N =3) was estimated to be 23 nmol/L.This method can be applied to the determination of free chlorine in real water samples.

17.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1857-1860, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612094

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences between indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging plus methylene blue and plus Carbon Nanoparticles Suspension Injection for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB)in breast cancer patients. Methods A total of 134 cases of early breast cancer patients performed SLNB from November 2013 to November 2016 were involved,of which 48 cases were performed with ICG fluorescence imaging plus methylene blue,and another 86 cases plus Carbon Nanoparticles Suspension Injection. Results There was no significant difference between ICG plus Methylene Blue group and ICG plus nano carbon group in terms of detection rate(P>0.05),detected numbers(P>0.05),sensitivity(P>0.05),accuracy(P>0.05)and false negative rate(P > 0.05). Age,and body mass index(BMI)exerted no influence on the detection rate and accuracy of SLNB in two groups(P>0.05). Conclusion ICG Fluorescence Imaging plus Methylene Blue showed similar detection rate , detected numbers , sensitivity , accuracy and false negative rate as it plus Carbon Nanoparticles Suspension Injection for SLNB in breast cancer patients ,and both of them can be performed easily and conveniently.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610859

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy and bilateral central lymph node dissection in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma.Methods Data of patients with PTC who accepted total thyroidectomy and bilateral central lymph node dissection in the Department of Thyroid Surgery from Jan.2013 to Jun.2016 were collected and analyzed retrospectively.The patients were divided into normal group,transient hypoparathyroidism group and permanent hypoparathyroidism group according to the level of serum parathyroid hormone within 6 months after surgery.Clinical data were collected for comparison between the three groups.The risk factors of hypoparathyroidism were indentified with univariate analysis and multivariate analysis.Results A total of 468 patients,241 in the normal group and 227 in the hypoparathyroidism group (220 in the transient hypoparathyroidism group and 7 in the permanent hypoparathyroidism group),were included in the study.Univariate analysis showed that without application of carbon nanoparticles (P=0.04) and autotransplantation of more than one parathyroid gland (P<0.001) were risk factors of hypoparathyroidism,and without application of carbon nanoparticles (P=0.047),incidental parathyroidectomy of one parathyroid gland (P=0.04),gross extrathyroidal extension (P=0.006) and c N1a were risk factors of permanent hypoparathyroidism.Multivariate analysis showed that without application of carbon nanoparticles (OR,0.437;95% CI,0.243-0.789;P=0.006) and autotransplantation of more than one parathyroid gland (OR,3.025;95% CI,1999-4579;,P=0.000) were independent risk fact ors of hypoparathyroidism,and without application of carbon nanoparticles (OR,0.197;95% CI,0.039-0.982;P=0.048) and gross extrathyroidal extension (OR,12.381;95% CI,1.432-107.036;P=0.022) were independent risk factors of permanent hypoparathyroidism.Conclusion When total thyroidectomy and bilateral central lymph nodes dissection were performed,carbon nanoparticles were routinely applied.Although autotransplantation of more than one parathyroid gland can increase the incidence of transient hypoparathyroidism,it can reduce the incidence of permanent hypoparathyroidism.If extrathyroidal extension is suspected,hypoparathyroidism should be emphasized to patient,and accurate operation should be done to reduce the incidence of hypoparathyroidism.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application value of nano-carbon tracer technology in lymph node dissection and postoperative pathological examination in laparoscopic mid-low rectal cancer resection.Methods:Fifty-two patients with mid-low rectal cancer were randomly divided into experimental group (n=27) and control group (n=25).Before surgery,the Nano-group were injected nano activated carbon suspension liquid under the mucosa.Both groups were accepted the same principles of open colorectal cancer radical surgery.The total number of lymph nodes,number of tiny lymph nodes,number of black dye and number of metastasis lymph node confirmed by pathology in the two groups were statistical analysised.Results:There were 905 pieces of lymph node seized in two groups toally,including (20.67 ± 5.751) medals in Nano-carbon group and (13.88 ±4.466) medals in control group.Lymph node number in nano carbon group was more than control group (P<0.01).Nano-carbon group seized 113 tiny lymph nodes,significantly higher than 49 in the control group (P<0.05).The metastasis rate of lymph node was no significant difference in the two groups (P>0.05).Nano-carbon group seized lymph node metastasis was no significant difference in the rate of the control group (P>0.05).Nano-carbon group seized 341 black dyed lymph nodes and 217 not black dye lymph nodes.And 67 cases of metastasis lymph nodes in Black dye lymph nodes,15 cases of metastasis lymph nodes in not the black dye lymph nodes.The metastasis rate of black dye lymph node was higher(P<0.01).Conclusions:Nano-carbon tracer technique can guide the surgeon to accurately lymph nodes dissection during the operation,and can add to the number of lymph nodes in the postoperative surgical specimens,improve lymph nodes in patients with colorectal cancer radical seized quantity.Nano-carbon tracer technique can ensure the accuracy of the pathological staging,there was important clinical significance to lymph node dissection in Mid-low colorectal cancer,which provide an important basis for the development of postoperative adjuvant therapy programs.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608275

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of carbon nanoparticles-epirubicin suspension on proliferation and apoptosis in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells.Methods MCF-7 cells were cultured with different concentrations of CNP-EPI in vitro.CCK-8 assay was used for determinate inhibition effect of CNP-EPI on the proliferation of MCF-7 cells at different concentration and different time.According to the determination of IC90,5 μg/ml CNP-EPI was selected,and cell morphology and cell apoptosis rates were observed after 24 h.Results The inhibition effect of the CNP-EPI was stronger significantly in CNP-EPI group than in normal control group within 24 h,48 h,72 h when the concentration was from 1 μg/ml to 200 μg/ml (P<0.01).The inhibition of CNP-EPI on the proliferation of MCF-7 cells was gradually strengthened in a dose-dependent relation within the same time,and the inhibition effect is reduced in the same concentration of drugs with the time extension,but it still has a strong inhibitory effect in 72 h,and the inhibition effect of different concentration of CNP was not obvious on MCF-7 cells.Obvious changes of cell morphology were observed under inverted microscope such as:a lot of dead cells,cell adherent growth poor,cell morphology became round and karyopycnosis etc,in 5 μg/ml CNP-EPI group after 24 h.However,no obvious abnormity of cell norphology was observed in normal control group and corresponding CNP group.Late apoptosis rate was (14.57±2.41) %,the mortality rate could reach (78.63±-20.55)% in 5 μg/ml CNP-EPI group after 24 h.The mortality rate and apoptosis rate of cells was higher significantly in CNP-EPI group than in CNP group and normal control group (P<0.05).Conclusion CNP-EPI can obviously inhibit the proliferation or kill human breast cancer MCF-7cells,and the inhibition effect of CNP-EPI on proliferation of breast cancer cells might be the result of delayed releasing of EPI.

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