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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503796

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of clinical factors on survival in patients receiving concurrent chemotherapy and three?dimensional radiotherapy ( 3DRT) for stage IV non?small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) . Methods A total of 203 patients were enrolled in a prospective clincial study from 2008 to 2012, and among these patients, 178 patients were eligible for analysis of clinical factors. All patients were treated with platinum?based doublets chemotherapy, with a median number of chemotherapy cycles of 4( 2?6 cycles) and a median dose of 3DRT of 60?3 Gy (36?0?76?5 Gy).The Kaplan?Meier method was used to calculate overall survival ( OS) rates, the log?rank test was used to compare survival rates between groups, and the Cox regression model were used for multivariate analysis. Results The 1?, 2?, and 3?year overall survival rates were 56%, 16%, and 10%, respectively, and the median survival time was 13 months (95% CI=11?500?14?500). The univariate analysis showed that platelet count ≤221×109/L, neutrophil count ≤5.2×109/L, white blood cell count<7×109/L, and improvement in Karnofsky Performance Scale ( KPS) after treatment significantly prolonged OS ( P=0?000,0?022,0?003, and 0?029) , and metastasis to a single organ and hemoglobin≥120 g/L tended to prolong OS (P=0?058 and 0?075). The multivariate analysis showed that white blood cell count<7×109/L, platelet count ≤221×109/L, and improvement in KPS after treatment were beneficial to OS ( all P<0?05) . Conclusions White blood cell count and platelet count before treatment and KPS after treatment are prognostic factors for patients with stage IV NSCLC receiving concurrent chemotherapy and 3DRT. Clinical Trial Registry ClinicalTrials. gov, registration number:ChiCTRTNC10001026.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467382

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of three?dimensional radiotherapy (3DRT) with concurrent chemotherapy for stage IV non?small?cell lung cancer ( NSCLC). Methods A total of 198 eligible patients from 2008 to 2012 were enrolled as subjects. With an age ranging between 18 and 80 years and a Karnofsky Performance Status ( KPS) score of 70 or more, those patients had no contraindication for radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and were newly diagnosed with stage IV NSCLC confirmed by histology or cytology, as well as limited metastatic disease (≤3 organs). Survival rates and acute toxicities in those patients were evaluated. Results The 3?year follow?up rate was 98?? 5% and the 3?year sample size was 165. The median overall survival (OS) and progression?free survival (PFS) were 13?? 0 months (95% CI,11?? 7 ?14?? 3 months) and 9?? 0 months (95% CI,7?? 7 ?10?? 3 months), respectively, while the 1?, 2?, and 3?year OS rates were 53?? 5%, 15?? 8%, and 9?? 2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that a primary tumor volume smaller than 134 cm3 , a stable or increased KPS score after treatment, and a radiation dose of 63 Gy or more were independent prognostic factors for longer survival time ( P=0?? 008;P= 0?? 010;P= 0?? 014). The incidence rates of grade 3?4 neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, grade 3 radiation esophagitis, and grade 3 radiation pneumonitis were 37?? 9%, 10?? 1%, 6?? 9%, 2?? 5%, and 6?? 6%, respectively. The main cause of death was distant metastasis, and only 10% of the patients died of recurrence alone. Conclusions 3DRT with concurrent chemotherapy achieves satisfactory treatment outcomes with tolerable toxicities for stage IV NSCLC. Primary tumor volume, change in the KPS score after treatment, and radiation dose are independent prognostic factors for OS.Clinical Trial Registry Chinese Clinical Reistry,registration number:ChiCTRC10001026.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441786

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of three-dimensional (3D) radiotherapy to the thoracic primary tumor in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with bone metastases during chemotherapy with concurrent 3D radiotherapy.Methods From 2003 to 2010,the clinical data of 95 stage Ⅳ NSCLC patients with bone metastases were collected.All patients received 3D radiotherapy to the thoracic primary tumor and at least 2 cycles of chemotherapy.Of the 95 patients,47 had only bone metastases,and 48 had metastases to bones and other organs.The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate overall survival (OS) rates.The log-rank test was used for survival difference analysis and univariate prognostic analysis.The Cox regression model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis.Results The follow-up rate was 95%.The 1-,2-,and 3-year OS rates were 44%,17%,and 9%,respectively.The univariate analysis showed that radiation dose to the planning target volume (PTV) of primary tumor of ≥ 63 Gy,response to treatment of primary tumor,and at least 4 cycles of chemotherapy were favorable prognostic factors for OS in all patients (P =0.001,0.037,and 0.009).Radiation dose to the PTV of primary tumor of ≥ 63 Gy remained the favorable prognostic factor for OS in patients with only bone metastases and those with metastases to bones and other organs (P =0.045 and 0.012).Among patients with only bone metastases,those with T1 + T2 primary tumors had longer OS than those with T3 + T4 primary tumors (P =0.048).The multivariate analysis showed that radiation dose to the PTV of primary tumor of ≥ 63 Gy and metastases to bones only were independent favorable prognostic factors for OS in all patients (P =0.036 and 0.035).Conclusions For NSCLC patients with bone metastases,3D radiotherapy to the thoracic primary tumor and its dose play an important role in improving OS during chemotherapy with concurrent 3D radiotherapy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417847

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and side-effect of docetaxel and cisplatin induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).MethodsEighty-six patients with histologically confirmed locally advanced NSCLC were randomized into induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (ICCRT)arm or concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) arm. Both arms were treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy. Induction and concurrent chemotherapy regimen consist of docetaxel and cisplatin. Results Follow-up rate of the whole group is 100%.The response rate in the CCRT arm and ICCRT arm is 70% and 80% ( χ2 =1.26,P =0.261 ),respectively; and 1-,2-,3-year survival rate is 65% and 85%,40% and 50%,33% and 44% (χ2 =3.90,P=0.048),respectively; the median survival time and time to progression is 17.5 and 22.0 months and 14.0 and 19.0 months respectively.Major adverse effects are leukopenia (43 and 32 cases,χ2 =3.48,P =0.062),radiation esophagutis (26 and 20 cases,χ2 =0.12,P =0.730),anemia (26 and 16 cases,χ2 =2.34,P =0.126) and radiation pneumonitis (13 and 9 cases,χ2 =0.37,P =0.541 ).ConclusionsICCRT for locally advanced NSCLC can improve the overall survival rate and time to progression,induction chemotherapy did not increase side-effects.There was no difference in response rate between CCRT and ICCRT arm.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417845

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo prospectively investigate the impact of short-time response on survival of concurrent chemotherapy and thoracic three-dimensional radiotherapy (CCTTRT) for stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods From Jan.2003 to Oct.2010,201 patients with pathologically or cytologically proven stage Ⅳ NSCLC were included.All patients received platinum-based chemotherapy.Of the 167 patients eligible for analysis,the median number of chemotherapy were 4 cycles.The median dose for planning target volume (PTV) of thoracic primary tumor was 63 Gy.Response was scored according to WHO criteria. Survival was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the Logrank. Cox regression model were used to examine the effect of response on overall survival.ResultsThe follow-up rate of 201 patients was 97.5%.with 201,170 and 134 patients finished < 1,1 -2 and ≥3 years' follow-up.For the 167 patients eligible for analysis,the CR,PR,NC and PD rate of primary tumor was 5.4%,65.9%,21.0% and 7.7%,respectively.The effective group ( CR + PR) and ineffective group ( NC + PD) was 71.3% and 28.7%,respectively.The median survival time (MST) for patients with CR,PR,NC and PD was 22.6,13.4,8.8 and 4.8 months,respectively ( χ2 =44.79,P =0.000).The MST for effective and ineffective group was 13.9 and 7.6 months,respectively in the whole group ( χ2 =8.3 0,P =0.004 ),12.1months and 7.3 months in those treated with 2 - 3 cycles chemotherapy ( χ2 =7.71,P =0.007 ),and 13.9months and 7.9 months in those treated with 2 -5 cycles chemotherapy and radiation dose to PTV ≥36 Gy ( χ2 =4.00,P =0.045 ).No significant MST difference was detected between patients of effective group and ineffective group treated with 4 -5 cycles chemotherapy ( χ2 =0.67,P =0.413),or those treated with 4 -5 cycles of chemotherapy and radiation dose to primary lesion ≥36 Gy (χ2 =0.00,P =0.956).Multivariate analysis showed that 4-5 cycles of chemotherapy and CR and PR achieved in primary tumor (β =0.182,P=0.041 ) were independent favorable factors for survival. Conclusion CCTTRT can improve local control,and prolong the survival time for Stage Ⅳ NSCLC.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417793

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of radiation dose on survival for stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with concurrent chemotherapy and thoracic three-dimensional radiotherapy (CCTTRT).Methods From Jan.2003 to Jul.2010,201 Stage Ⅳ NSCLC patients were enrolled.Nineteen patients who received only one cycle chemotherapy were not included in survival analysis.Of the 182 patients eligible for survival analysis,all patients received platinum-based chemotherapy of two drugs.The median number of cycles was 4.The median dose to planning target volume of primary tumor ( DTPTV )was 63 Gy. Survival was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the Logrank. Cox regression models were used to examine the effect of DTPTV on overall survival.ResultsThe follow-up rate of 201 patients was 97.5%.with 201,170 and 134 patients finished < 1,1 -2 and ≥3 years' follow-up.The 1-,2-,3-year overall survival rate and median survival time was 20%,14%,0% and 7.1 months;27%,10%,3% and 9.6 months;and 59%,22%,16% and 14.9 months,respectively for patients treated with DTPTV < 45.0 Gy,45.0 - 62.1 Gy and ≥63.0 Gy,respectively ( χ2 =27.88,P =0.000 ) ;43%,19%,0%and 1 1 months and 2 0 %,1 1%,5 % and 8 months,respectively for those received 2 - 3 cycles of chemotherapy and radiation dose ≥63 Gy and < 63 Gy,respectively (χ2 =2.99,P =0.084) ;66%,23%,19% and 16 months and 29%,12%,0% and 8.8 months,respectively for those received 4 - 5 cycles chemotherapy and radiation dose ≥ 63 Gy and < 63 Gy,respectively (χ2=15.87,P=0.000).No significant difference was found for patients received 2 - 3 cycles chemotherapy concurrently with DTP,Tv ≥63 Gy and 4 -5 cycles chemotherapy concurrently with DTPTV <63 Gy,respectively (χ2 =1.93,P =0.165).Multivariate analysis showed that 4 -5 cycles chemotherapy concurrently with DTPTv ≥63 Gy ( β =0.243,P =0.019),and improved KPS after treatment ( β =1.268,P =0.000) were independent favorable factors for survival.ConclusionChemotherapy concurrent with CCTTRT can prolong survival time of patients with stage Ⅳ NSCLC,especially for those treated with DTPTV ≥63 Gy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430116

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the importance of three-dimensional radiotherapy for elderly patients of stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods Comparing with treatment outcome of ≥65 years 67 patients and < 65 years 134 patients using concurrent chemotherapy and thoracic threedimensional radiotherapy during 2003 to 2010 years.Survival analysis was taken by Kaplan-Meier method.The multivariate prognosis was analyzed by Cox model.Results The follow-up was 97.8%.The percentage of ≥65 years and < 65 years patients accepted with concurrent 4-5 cycles chemotherapy were 30% and 55%,and with 42% and 49% patients with radiotherapy ≥63 Gy.The median survival time (MST) were 17 months and 14 months (x2 =0.76,P =0.384) for ≥65 years and < 65 years patients accepted with concurrent 4-5 cycles chemotherapy concurrent ≥63 Gy radiotherapy respectively.The MST and 1-,2-,3year overall survival rate were 17 months and 8 months,65% and 23%,30% and 13%,24% and 9%(x2 =7.90,P =0.005) for whole groups patients treated with chemotherapy concurrent ≥63 Gy and < 63 Gy radiotherapy.And the MST of patients ≥ 63 Gy was significantly longer than those with < 63 Gy either concurrent chemotherapy any cycles (x2 =9.54,P =0.023).The MST were 14 months and 8 months (x2 =1.82,P=0.178),17 months and 17 months (x2 =0.47,P=0.492) for ≥ 65 years and ≥ 63 Gy radiotherapy patients accepted with concurrent 4-5 cycles and 2-3 cycles chemotherapy concurrent respectively.Multivariate analysis showed local response (β =0.600,P =0.003) and numbers of tumor metastasis (β =0.670,P =0.040) were independent factors for survival.Conclusions For a part of elderly patients of stage Ⅳ NSCLC,concurrent chemotherapy and thoracic three-dimensional radiotherapy can prolong survival time with acceptable toxicity.Perhaps radiotherapy is more important.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422459

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the overall survival and safety among patients for stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with concurrent chemotherapy and thoracic three-dimensional radiotherapy (CCTTRT).Methods From Jan.2003 to July 2010,201 patients with stage Ⅳ NSCLC were included.All patients were treated with CCTTRT.Those patients who received only one cycle chemotherapy were not included in survival analysis,but analysis of toxicity.One hundred and eighty-two patients were eligible for survival analysis.All patients received platinum-based two-drug chemotherapy.The median number of cycles was 4.The median dose to planning target volume of primary tumor ( DTPTV ) was 63 Gy.Treatment-related gastrointestinal and hematological toxicity were scored according to WHO criteria.Radiation-related pneumonitis and esophagitis were evaluated according to the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTC) version 3.0.Survival was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the Logrank.Cox regression model was used to examine the effect of CCTTRT on overall survival.Results The follow-up rate of 201 patients was 97.5%.with 201,170 and 134 patients finished < 1,1 -2 and ≥3 years' follow-up,respectively.Of the 182 patients eligible for survival analysis,further stratified analysis showed that the 1-,2-and 3-year overall survival rate and median survival time (MST) was 54%,20%,13% and 14.3 months,respectively for patients treated with concurrent 4 -5 cycles chemotherapy and CCTTRT,and 66%,23%,19% and 16.1 months,respectively for those treated with 4 -5 cycles chemotherapy and DTPTV ≥ 63 Gy.Under similar chemoradiotherapy intensity,the MST of patients with single organ metastasis was significantly longer than that with multiple organ metastases ( 13.0 months versus 8.5 months,x2 =10.10,P =0.001 ).For patients eligible for survival analysis and received 4 - 5 cycles of systemic chemotherapy,MST of patients treated with DTPTV≥63 Gy was significantly longer than those treated with DTPTV <63 Gy[14.9 months vs.8.4 months (x2 =20.48,P =0.000) and 16.1 months vs.8.8 months ( x2 =11.75,P =0.001 )].For patients with single organ metastasis,MST was 16 months for those treated with DTPTV ≥63 Gy and 9 months for those with DTPTV <63 Gy (x2 =10.51,P=0.000) ;for patients with multiple organ metastasis,it was 11 months and 7 months,respectively ( x2 =7.90,P =0.005 ).Multivariate analysis showed that concurrent 4 - 5 cycles chemotherapy and DTPTV ≥63 Gy (β =0.243,P=0.019) and improved KPS (β =1.268,P=0.000) were independent factors for survival.For the whole group,45% patients had Grade 2 -3 gastrointestinal toxicity,35.0% grade 3- 4 leukopenia,18% grade 3- 4 thrombocytopenia.15.0% grade 3- 4 anemia,9.5% Grade 2 - 3 radiation pneumonia and 13.4% radiation esophagitis,respectively.Conclusions For stage Ⅳ NSCLC,CCTTRT can prolong survival time with acceptable toxicity.Radiotherapy to thoracic primary tumor should be under consideration.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422363

ABSTRACT

Objective To prospectively evaluate the survival of different metastasis organs with concurrent chemotherapy and thoracic three-dimensional radiotherapy (CCTTRT) for stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods Two hundred and one patients of stage Ⅳ NSCLC were enrolled from January,2003 to July,2010.Of the 182 patients eligible for analysis,The number of patients with single-organ metastasis or multiple-organ metastasis was 107 and 75,respectively.Patients were treated by platinum-based chemotherapy,the median number of cycle was 4.The median dose to planning target volume of primary tumor (DTPTv) was 63 Gy.Survival was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the Logrank.Results The follow-up rate of 201 patients was 97.5%.with 201,170 and 134 patients finished < 1,1 -2 and ≥3 years'follow up.Of 182 patients,the 1-,2-,and 3-year overall survival (OS) rate and median survival time (MST) was 41.0%,17.0%,10.0% and 10.5 months,respectively ;with single-organ metastasis and multi-organ metastasis were 50%,20%,14% and 13 months and 29%,12%,0% and 8.5 months ( x2 =10.10,P =0.001 ),respectively; compared with multi-organ metastasis,the 1-,2-,and 3-year OS arte and MST of patients with bone,lung metastasis only was 58%,25%,16% and 14 months (x2 =10.42,P=0.001 ) and 49%,21%,21% and 11 months (x2 =6.39,P=0.011 ) respectively;patients with brain metastasis only did not show advantage of survival comparing with patients with multi-organ metastasis (49%,8%,0% and 12 months and 29%,12%,0% and 8 months,respectively;x2 =0.71,P =0.401 ) ;the 1-,2-,and 3-year OS rate and MST was 63%,23%,19% and 15 months and 42%,15%,0% and 10 months,respectively for patients with single-organ metastasis and multi-organ metastasis patients who accepted 4 - 5 cycles of chemotherapy ( x2 =6.47,P =0.011 ) ; for patients under the same metastasis and 4 - 5 cycles of chemotherapy,no matter whether single-organ or multiple-organ metastases,the 1 -,2-,3-year OS rate and MST of patients with enough radiotherapy on DTPTV ≥63 Gy were better than patients without enough radiotherapy ( DTPTV < 63 Gy ) ( 71%,25 %,25% and 16.8 months and 33%,17%,0% and 10.5 months,respectively;x2 =4.73,P =0.030 ;54%,21%,0% and 14.3 months and 29%,10%,0% and 7.6 months,respectively,x2 =8.16,P =0.004).The MST of liver metastases was 6 months,there was significantly difference when comparing with non liver matastasis ( x2 =17.21,P =0.000).Conclusions It is very important to treat stage Ⅳ NSCLC with CCTTRT,especially patients with single-organ metastasis.Liver metastases is a unfavorable prognostic factor.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384812

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the therapeutic effect and toxicity of chemoradiation of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer by intensity modulated irradiation combined with pemetrexed and cisplatin. Methods Fourty-two patients presented with Ⅲ - stage non-small cell lung cancer(Ⅲ、 25 patients, ⅢB 17 patients)received concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Intensity modulated irradiation technique was used to the total dose of 66 Gy and concurrent chemotherapy consisted of pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 on Day 1 and cisplatin 75 mg/m2 on Day 1 by intravenous infusion once every 3 weeks at the initiation of radiation.Patients received 4 cycles of chemotherapy. Results Thirty-four patients finished the whole of therapeutic schedule. And 2 patients received radiation with total dose of 54 Gy, 2 patients 56 Gy;3 patients received 2 cycles of chemotherapy, 1 patients 3 cycles of chemotherapy. Total effective rate was 79%. There were 2 patients with ≥3 grade marrow depression, 3 patients with 3 grade radiation esophagitis, 4 patients with ≥2 radiation pneumonitis, and 1 patient with 3 grade mucositis. The 1-year survival rate was 65%.Conclusion Recent effect was favourable and toxicity was tolerable for chemoradiation of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer by intensity modulated irradiation combined with pemetrexed and cisplatin.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386090

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation among expression of serum VEGF without operation between pre-and post-chemoradiotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, to explore the correlation of markers on prognosis and effect. Methods The serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were detected in 50 patients without operation between pre-and post-chemoradiotherapy with NSCLC by ELISA method. The group t-test was played into before concurrent chemoradiotherapy and normal control. The paired t-test was played into before and after concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Results The prechemoradiotherapy serum VEGF ( 241.09 ± 52.45 ) ng/L in NSCLC patients was significantly higher than those in normal control patients (103.72 ± 39. 22) ng/L (t = 2. 50,P <0. 05 ). The pre-chemoradiotherapy serum VEGF in NSCLC patients was closely related to pTNM stage, distant metastasis, grade of cell differentiation and the size of the primary tumors ( t = 9. 61 - 14. 94, all P < 0. 05 ), but not to the histological classification, type of the tumor, lymph node status, age, gender of the patients or smoking or not (t =0. 58 - 1.84, all P > 0. 05 ). The pre-chemoradiotherapy serum VEGF ( 24 1.09 ± 52. 45 ) ng/L was significantly higher than that of the post-chemoradiotherapy ( 133.64 ± 33.62) ng/L ( t = 12. 20, P < 0. 01 ). The post-chemoradiotherapy serum VEGF decreases to the pre-was the biggest in the CR patients (( 92.35 ± 37.48ng/L) ,t =3.79,P <0. 01 ) ,the smallest in the PA patients ( (276.32 ±47.98) ng/L,t = 1.32,P >0. 05) ) ,and bigger in the PR patients and the NC patientspatients ( ( 113.10 ± 39. 20) ng/L,t = 13.58,P <0. 01 and ( 198.10 ± 42.68 ) ng/L, t = 4. 78, P < 0. 05 ) ), respectively. Conclusions Elevation of serum VEGF exists in patients with NSCLC . The serum VEGF in patients with NSCLC might be helpful to evaluate the biological behavior of lung cancer. Detection of VEGF expression maybe helpful for predicting the prognosis of NSCLC patients.

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