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1.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385885

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Hybrid verrucous carcinoma (HVC) is defined as a rare neoplasm in which there is histopathological evidence of verrucous carcinoma and microscopic foci of squamous cell carcinoma, synchronously in the same site, affecting behavior and prognosis. This study aimed to present a new case of HVC in the mouth, and critically and comparatively analyze the cases reported in literature, to better understand the biological behavior and contribute to diagnostic precision. A review was performed using six databases, and the gray literature. Twenty-two articles were selected, with a total of 280 cases. The most frequent clinical appearance was verrucous carcinoma which included benign lesions. This implies that the potential for aggressive behavior can be detected microscopically, in the form of a ruptured basement membrane, which visualization can be facilitated by the use of some immunohistochemical markers discussed here. This is important for the diagnosis of HVC and adequate treatment. Hybrid verrucous carcinoma is what can be thought of as "a wolf in sheep's clothing." When analyzing cases with clinical suspicion of verrucous carcinoma microscopically, great attention is recommended, since they may be HVC and can recur, metastasize, and lead to death.


RESUMEN: El carcinoma verrugoso híbrido (CVH) se define como una neoplasia poco frecuente en la que existe evidencia histopatológica de carcinoma verrugoso y focos microscópicos de carcinoma de células escamosas, sincrónicamente en el mismo sitio, que afectan el comportamiento y el pronóstico. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo presentar un nuevo caso de CVH en la cavidad oral, y analizar crítica y comparativamente los casos reportados en la literatura, para comprender mejor el comportamiento biológico y contribuir a la precisión diagnóstica. Se realizó una revisión utilizando seis bases de datos y la literatura gris. Se seleccionaron veintidós artículos, con un total de 280 casos. La aparición clínica más frecuente fue el carcinoma verrugoso que incluyó lesiones benignas. Esto implica que el potencial de comportamiento agresivo puede detectarse microscópicamente, en forma de una membrana basal rota, cuya visualización puede ser facilitada por el uso de algunos marcadores inmunohistoquímicos discutidos aquí. Esto es importante para el diagnóstico de CVH y el tratamiento adecuado. El CVH es lo que se puede considerar como "un lobo con piel de oveja". Al analizar microscópicamente casos con sospecha clínica de carcinoma verrugoso, se recomienda una atención inmediata debido a que pueden ser CVH y pueden recurrir, metastatizar y conducir a la muerte.

2.
J. bras. nefrol ; 44(2): 281-284, June 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386015

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ascites and oliguria with an increasing serum creatinine level are often observed in patients with acute renal failure. However, these symptoms are also noted in individuals with intraperitoneal urinary leakage and can be mistaken for acute renal failure. This rise in creatinine in such patients is called pseudo renal failure and it happens by a process of reverse peritoneal dialysis. In literature, the most commonly described condition that leads to this clinical picture is following a spontaneous or missed bladder perforation. We, herein, report a case of carcinoma of the bladder that presented with features resembling acute renal failure, which later turned out to be pseudo renal failure due to intraperitoneal urinary extravasation from a forniceal rupture. The patient was managed with emergency with a percutaneous drain followed by a percutaneous nephrostomy, which led to normalization of creatinine. Cystoscopy revealed the bladder growth in an intact small capacity bladder and biopsy confirmed it as a muscle invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Due to advanced nature of his malignancy, he underwent a palliative ileal conduit diversion but he later developed chest metastasis and ultimately succumbed to the disease. Intraperitoneal urinary leakage due to forniceal rupture presenting as pseudo renal failure is a rare presentation of carcinoma bladder. Sudden onset abdominal discomfort, increasing ascites, hematuria, and oliguria with elevated renal parameters needs consideration and exclusion of this entity. The diagnostic dilemma associated with this rare presentation along with the management and prognosis in such patients of carcinoma bladder are discussed.


Resumo Ascite e oligúria com um nível crescente de creatinina sérica são frequentemente observadas em pacientes com insuficiência renal aguda. Entretanto, esses sintomas também são notados em indivíduos com extravasamento urinário intraperitoneal e podem ser diagnosticados como lesão renal aguda erroneamente. Este aumento de creatinina em tais pacientes é chamado de pseudo insuficiência renal e ocorre por um processo de diálise peritoneal reversa. Na literatura, a condição mais comumente descrita que leva a este quadro clínico se dá após uma perfuração vesical espontânea ou perdida. Relatamos aqui um caso de carcinoma de bexiga que apresentou características semelhantes à insuficiência renal aguda, e mais tarde se revelou uma pseudo insuficiência renal devido a extravasamento urinário intraperitoneal de uma ruptura de fórnice renal. O paciente foi tratado com emergência com um dreno percutâneo seguido por uma nefrostomia percutânea, que levou à normalização da creatinina. A cistoscopia revelou o crescimento da bexiga em uma bexiga intacta, de pequena capacidade e que a biópsia confirmou como um carcinoma escamoso invasivo muscular. Devido à natureza avançada de sua malignidade, ele foi submetido a um desvio de conduto ileal paliativo, mas posteriormente desenvolveu metástase torácica e acabou sucumbindo à doença. O vazamento urinário intraperitoneal devido à ruptura do fórnice renal que se apresenta como pseudo insuficiência renal é uma apresentação rara do carcinoma vesical. Desconforto abdominal de início súbito, ascite crescente, hematúria e oligúria com elevados parâmetros renais precisam de consideração e exclusão desta entidade. O dilema diagnóstico associado a esta rara apresentação, juntamente com o controle e prognóstico em tais pacientes de carcinoma vesicular, são discutidos.

3.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 1(57): 83-95, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391376

ABSTRACT

O carcinoma de células escamosas (OSCC) é uma neoplasia maligna que atinge a cavidade oral, lábios e orofaringe com uma das maiores taxa de mortalidade em todo o mundo, quando em comparação com outros carcinomas, o que o torna um problema de saúde pública (MORO, 2018). Devido à sua grande prevalência, os pesquisadores buscam por mecanismos para aprimorar o diagnóstico da doença em sua fase inicial, no intuito de possibilitar melhor qualidade de vida e sobrevida a esses pacientes (CHENG et al., 2014). Tem-se desenvolvido estudos através da expressão de proteínas, envolvendo o mecanismo biomolecular da carcinogênese oral na busca de identificação de biomarcadores que tenham potencial preditivo e um bom prognóstico para OSCC (CARVALHO; OLIVEIRA, 2015; LOUSADA-FERNANDEZ et at., 2018). Em uma revisão sobre o genoma salivar do câncer oral, este destacou-se justamente pelo fato de suas proteínas estarem localmente expressas (SHAH et at., 2011), tornando seus biomarcadores salivares de fácil e rápida coleta, já que a proliferação desordenada de células malignas deixa derivados de DNA, RNA, vesiculas (exossomos) e marcadores proteicos nos fluidos creviculares, podendo demostrar de forma preventiva o câncer. Com isso, esses biomarcadores podem ser identificados na fase inicial da doença, ao contrário do exame clínico, já que as manifestações clínicas são tardias, o que gera um prognóstico ruim (LOUSADA-FERNANDEZ et al., 2018). Diante desse quadro, o objetivo deste trabalho foi fazer uma revisão de literatura acerca do papel dos biomarcadores tumorais e discutir sobre a atual situação do câncer bucal, justificando o uso de biomarcadores salivares e entendendo seu papel no diagnóstico precoce. Para isso foi feita uma busca detalhada nas bases de dados Pubmed-Medline, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Lilacs e Scielo, para identificar os mais recentes biomarcadores citados nas literaturas ultilizando as palavras-chaves: carcinoma, biomarcadores, saliva. Também foram incluídos dados coletados da Organização Mundial da Saúde e do Instituto Nacional do Câncer.


Subject(s)
Saliva , Mouth Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Biomarkers, Tumor
4.
Surg. cosmet. dermatol. (Impr.) ; 14: e20220095, jan.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1390953

ABSTRACT

A reconstrução com enxertia para defeitos resultantes de exérese de carcinoma espinocelular nos membros inferiores é um grande desafio para o cirurgião dermatológico, tendo em vista que uma pele muito fina para a área receptora, a não homogeneidade da vascularização local e a insuficiência venosa transitória dificultam a integração da pele enxertada nessas regiões. Para o sucesso desse tipo de procedimento, podem ser usadas algumas técnicas para reparar essas dificuldades, como um curativo compressivo elástico que utilizamos nos primeiros dias de pós-operatório de enxerto de pele total no pé e na perna, com bons resultados


Reconstruction with grafting for defects resulting from the removal of squamous cell carcinoma in the lower limbs is a great challenge for the dermatological surgeon. A very thin skin for the receiving area, the inhomogeneity of the local vascularization and the transient venous insufficiency make it difficult to integration of the grafted skin in these regions. For the success of this type of procedure, some techniques can be used to repair these difficulties, such as an elastic compressive dressing that we use in the first postoperative days of a total skin graft on the foot and leg, with good results

5.
Surg. cosmet. dermatol. (Impr.) ; 14: e20220083, jan.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369367

ABSTRACT

Introdução: as queratoses actínicas são lesões pré-malignas com risco de transformação para carcinoma espinocelular invasivo. Não há correlação identificada entre classificação clínica e grau histológico destas lesões. Objetivos: correlacionar as características clínicas das queratoses actínicas dos antebraços e dorso das mãos com o grau de atipia histológica (Keratinocyte Intraepidermal Neoplasia); desenvolver e validar uma escala de gravidade clínica correlacionada ao grau histológico das queratoses actínicas. Métodos: estudo transversal com 162 queratoses actínicas avaliadas clinicamente quanto a diâmetro, eritema, infiltração, hiperqueratose e exulceração; biopsiadas 34 lesões com diferentes padrões. As características clínicas foram correlacionadas com o grau de atipia histológica e a expressão de p53 e Ki-67. Resultados: apenas o diâmetro das lesões correlacionou-se significativamente com o grau de atipia (p=0,04), e apenas o eritema, a hiperqueratose e o diâmetro correlacionaram-se com as marcações imuno-histoquímicas. Foi desenvolvido um escore clínico incluindo o diâmetro, a hiperqueratose e a exulceração, o qual se correlacionou significativamente com o grau de atipia (Rho de Spearman=0,43; p=0,01). Conclusões: desenvolveu-se um escore composto por diâmetro, hiperqueratose e exulceração correlacionado com o grau histológico das queratoses actínicas dos membros superiores.


Introduction: Actinic keratoses are premalignant lesions with a risk of transformation to invasive squamous cell carcinoma. There is no identified correlation between clinical classification and histological grade of these lesions. Objectives: To correlate the clinical characteristics of actinic keratoses of the forearms and back of the hands with the degree of histological atypia (Keratinocyte Intraepidermal Neoplasia); to develop and validate a clinical severity scale correlated with the histological grade of actinic keratoses. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 162 actinic keratoses clinically evaluated for diameter, erythema, infiltration, hyperkeratosis, and exulceration and 34 lesions with different patterns were biopsied. Clinical features were correlated with the degree of histological atypia and p53 and Ki-67 expression. Results: Only the diameter of the lesions was significantly correlated with the degree of atypia (p=0.04), and only the erythema, hyperkeratosis, and the diameter linked with the immunohistochemical markings. A clinical score including diameter, hyperkeratosis, and exulceration was developed, which associated significantly with the degree of atypia (Spearman's Rho=0.43; p=0.01). Conclusions: A score composed of diameter, hyperkeratosis, and exulceration correlated with the histological grade of actinic keratoses of the upper limbs was developed.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 204-208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic values of detections of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA combined with peripheral blood cyclin A mRNA and cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) mRNA for cervical squamous cell carcinoma.Methods:Eighty patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma treated in Jiangyin Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2018 to October 2021 were selected as the research objects. Eighty patients with benign cervical lesions such as cervicitis treated in the same period were selected as the control. The levels of HPV-DNA in paraffin-embedded tissues of cervical squamous cell carcinoma were detected by gene chip, and the mRNA expression levels of cyclin A and CDK2 in peripheral blood monocytes were detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The related factors of cervical squamous cell carcinoma were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Taking the results of pathological biopsy as the gold standard, the diagnostic efficacy of HPV-DNA, peripheral blood cyclin A mRNA and CDK2 mRNA single and combined detection for cervical squamous cell carcinoma were determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:The positive rate of HPV-DNA in patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma was higher than that in the control group [75.00% (60/80) vs. 13.75% (11/80), P < 0.05]; the relative expressions of cyclin A mRNA and CDK2 mRNA in patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma were 0.26±0.08 and 1.49±0.07, respectively, which were higher than those in the control group (0.11±0.03 and 1.14±0.06), and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the number of induced abortions > 1 ( OR = 3.093, 95% CI 1.386-6.899, P = 0.021), the age of first birth ≤18 years old ( OR = 3.684, 95% CI 1.651-8.219, P = 0.013), the positive HPV-DNA ( OR = 4.125, 95% CI 1.849-9.202, P = 0.001), the increased relative expression of cyclin A mRNA in peripheral blood ( OR = 3.800, 95% CI 1.703-8.478, P = 0.006) and the increased relative expression of CDK2 mRNA in peripheral blood ( OR = 4.821, 95% CI 2.161-10.756, P = 0.008) were risk factors for the occurrence of cervical squamous cell carcinoma. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of HPV-DNA, peripheral blood cyclin A mRNA and CDK2 mRNA in single and combined diagnosis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma were 0.769 (95% CI 0.700-0.838), 0.756 (95% CI 0.688-0.823), 0.755 (95% CI 0.689-0.820) and 0.827 (95% CI 0.766-0.888), respectively. Conclusions:HPV-DNA and the levels of cyclin A mRNA and CDK2 mRNA in peripheral blood can be used to assist in the diagnosis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma, and the combination of the three has high diagnostic efficiency.

7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 321-328, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933551

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen small-molecule inhibitors of tyrosine kinase receptor B2 (EphB2) by using a molecular docking method, and to investigate their effect on cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) and possible mechanisms of action.Methods:The three-dimensional structure of EphB2 protein and its ligand binding sites were predicted by using the docking tool Schrodinger, and high-throughput virtual screening of EphB2 inhibitors was carried out by molecular docking. The anti-CSCC effect and mechanism of action of the screened EphB2 inhibitors kaempferitrin and aloe-emodin (AE) were verified in in vitro and in vivo experiments. In the in vitro experiments, human CSCC cell lines A431 and SCL-1, as well as the human immortalized keratinocyte HaCaT, were all divided into blank control group, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) group, AE group and kaempferitrin group. Methyl thiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay (AE at concentrations of 20, 40, 80, 160 μmol/L, kaempferitrin at concentrations of 12.5, 25, 50, 100 μmol/L), scratch and Transwell assays (AE at a fixed concentration of 80 μmol/L, kaempferitrin at a fixed concentration of 50 μmol/L) were performed to analyze the effect of EphB2 inhibitors on the proliferation, migration and invasion of CSCC cells. In the in vivo experiments, specific pathogen-free BALB/c female nude mice were subcutaneously injected with 0.2 ml of A431 cell suspension. After tumor growth, 24 tumor-bearing mice were randomly and equally divided into 4 groups: AE group and kaempferitrin group intraperitoneally injected with 20 mg·kg -1·d -1 AE and 25 mg·kg -1·d -1 kaempferitrin respectively, blank control group and DMSO group intraperitoneally injected with the same volume of sodium chloride physiological solution and DMSO respectively; the tumor size and body weight of nude mice were measured weekly; after consecutive treatment for 28 days, transplanted tumors were resected from the nude mice for hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, and real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot analysis were performed to analyze the effect of AE and kaempferitrin on the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin, vimentin, glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β), phosphorylated GSK-3β (p-GSK-3β) and β-catenin respectively. One-way analysis of variance and t test were used for comparisons between groups. Results:Two small-molecule compounds AA-504/20999031 (kaempferitrin) and AA-466/21162055 (AE) with high inhibitory activity against EphB2 were screened out. MTT assay showed that both AE and kaempferitrin exhibited strong cytotoxicity to SCL-1 and A431 cells compared with HaCaT cells, and their toxicity increased with the increase of their concentration ( F = 17.95, 11.34, respectively, both P < 0.001) ; after 48-hour treatment, the 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) of AE against SCL-1 and A431 cells were 124.59 and 80.85 μmol/L respectively, and the IC50s of kaempferitrin against SCL-1 and A431 cells were 119.64 and 64.96 μmol/L respectively. Scratch assay showed that the migration distance of A431 cells was significantly shorter in the AE group and kaempferitrin group (36.7 ± 1.0 μm, 44.7 ± 3.5 μm, respectively) than in the DMSO group (88.1 ± 1.4 μm, F = 52.34, P < 0.001), while there was no significant difference in the migration distance of HaCaT cells among the above groups ( F = 1.73, P = 0.238). Transwell assay showed that the number of A431 cells crossing the Transwell membrane significantly decreased in the AE group and kaempferitrin group (145.0 ± 2.5, 94.7 ± 4.1, respectively) compared with the DMSO group (195.3 ± 5.7, F = 72.85, P < 0.001), while neither AE nor kaempferitrin showed significant inhibitory effects of on the number of HaCaT cells crossing the Transwell membrane ( F = 3.91, P = 0.055). The animal experiment revealed significantly decreased volumes of transplanted tumors in nude mice in the AE group and kaempferitrin group (407.42 ± 70.37 mm 3, 368.77 ± 62.7 mm 3, respectively) compared with the DMSO group (841.88 ± 84.63 mm 3, F = 73.78, P < 0.001). HE staining confirmed that AE and kaempferitrin could improve pathological changes of transplanted tumors. qRT-PCR and Western blot analysis showed that AE and kaempferitrin significantly up-regulated the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin and p-GSK-3β in tumor tissues (all P < 0.001), and down-regulated the mRNA and protein expression of vimentin, β-catenin and GSK-3β (all P < 0.001) . Conclusion:The small-molecule inhibitors screened by molecular docking can form a stable complex with EphB2, and inhibit the progression of CSCC by affecting the Wnt/β-catenin pathway-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition.

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 135-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933524

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) combined with sirolimus on proliferation and apoptosis of the human cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma cell line Colo-16, and to explore underlying mechanisms.Methods:Cultured Colo-16 cells were divided into 5 groups: normal cell group receiving conventional culture and treatment with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) , negative control group transfected with a shRNA-NC-expressing plasmid and treated with PBS, sirolimus group receiving conventional culture and sirolimus treatment, EGFR shRNA group transfected with an EGFR shRNA-expressing plasmid and treated with PBS, and combined group transfected with an EGFR shRNA-expressing plasmid and treated with sirolimus. Methyl thiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay was performed to evaluate cellular proliferative activity in the above groups from 24 to 96 hours, and flow cytometry to detect cell apoptosis after 48-hour treatment. Semiquantitative RT-PCR was conducted to determine the mRNA expression of Bcl-2 and Bax, and Western blot analysis to determine the expression of apoptosis-related proteins cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9, Bcl-2, Bax, cell proliferation-related proteins phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR) , phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-AKT) , phosphorylated 70-kDa ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p-P70S6k) , and cyclin D1. Comparisons among groups were carried out by using one-way analysis of variance, and multiple comparisons between 2 groups by using Student-Newman-Keuls q test. Results:MTT assay showed that the proliferative activity of Colo-16 cells was significantly lower in the sirolimus group, EGFR shRNA group and combined group during 24 - 96 hours than in the normal cell group (all P < 0.05) , and higher in the combined group than in the sirolimus group and EGFR shRNA group at 24-96 hours (all P < 0.001) , and there was no significant difference in the cellular proliferative activity at any time points between the normal cell group and negative control group (all P > 0.05) . Flow cytometry showed that the apoptosis rate was significantly higher in the sirolimus group, EGFR shRNA group and combined group (9.52% ± 0.25%, 12.65% ± 0.23%, 19.81% ± 0.31%, respectively) than in the normal cell group (3.33% ± 0.18%, q = 60.07, 78.08, 122.81, respectively, all P < 0.001) and negative control group (3.42% ± 0.19%, q = 59.90, 77.91, 122.64, respectively, all P < 0.001) , and was highest in the combined group. As RT-PCR and Western blot analysis revealed, the sirolimus group, EGFR shRNA group and combined group showed significantly decreased mRNA expression of Bcl-2 and protein expression of cyclin D1, p-AKT, p-mTOR, p-P70S6K and Bcl-2, but significantly increased mRNA expression of Bax and protein expression of cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9 and Bax compared with the normal cell group (all P < 0.05) . Compared with the sirolimus group and EGFR shRNA group, the combined group showed significantly decreased mRNA expression of Bcl-2 and protein expression of cyclin D1, p-AKT, p-mTOR, p-P70S6K and Bcl-2 (all P < 0.05) , but significantly increased mRNA expression of Bax and protein expression of cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9 and Bax (all P < 0.01) . Conclusion:EGFR shRNA and sirolimus exerted a synergistic effect in inhibiting the proliferation and promoting the apoptosis of Colo-16 cells, which may be related to the inhibition of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) /AKT/mTOR pathway.

9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 116-122, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933521

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the expression of silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1) , Sirt3 and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) tissues and cells, and to explore their role in the occurrence and development of CSCC.Methods:From January 2019 to December 2020, 30 lesional skin tissues were obtained from patients with histopathologically confirmed poorly-, moderately- or well-differentiated CSCC, and 30 normal skin tissues were obtained from patients with non-cancerous diseases in Department of Dermatology, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University. A CSCC cell line A431 and a human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT were cultured. Immunohistochemical study, Western blot analysis and real-time quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) were performed to determine the protein and mRNA expression of Sirt1, Sirt3 and HIF-1α in CSCC tissues of different grades of differentiation and normal skin tissues, cytochemical and immunofluorescence staining and RT-PCR were conducted to determine the protein and mRNA expression of Sirt1, Sirt3 and HIF-1α in A431 and HaCaT cells, respectively. Comparisons of measurement data among multiple groups were performed by using one-way analysis of variance, and comparisons between two groups by using t test. Results:Immunohistochemical study showed that the expression level of Sirt3 (expressed as the average optical density) was 100 ± 12.12, 117.72 ± 26.23, 127.32 ± 24.45, 132.71 ± 31.61 in the normal skin tissues and well-, moderately- and poorly-differentiated CSCC tissues respectively, and there was a significant difference among these groups ( F = 20.14, P < 0.001) ; the expression of Sirt1 and HIF-1α increased in turn from the normal skin tissues to the well-, moderately- and poorly-differentiated CSCC tissues, and significantly differred in these groups ( F = 174.50, 225.00, respectively, both P < 0.001) . As Western blot analysis revealed, the expression level of Sirt3 significantly differed among the normal skin tissues, well-, moderately- and poorly-differentiated CSCC tissues (expressed as relative gray value: 1.000 ± 0.132, 1.403 ± 0.411, 1.387 ± 0.393, 1.677 ± 0.683, respectively; F = 34.97, P < 0.001) , and so did the expression levels of Sirt1 and HIF-1α ( F = 69.29, 199.90, respectively, both P < 0.00l) , with a gradually increasing trend in their expression levels from the the normal skin tissues to well-, moderately- and poorly-differentiated CSCC tissues. RT-PCR showed that the mRNA expression of Sirt3, Sirt1 and HIF-1α was sequentially increased from the normal skin tissues to well-, moderately- and poorly-differentiated CSCC tissues, and significant differences were observed among these groups ( F = 113.00, 174.50, 50.33, respectively, all P < 0.001) . The protein expression levels of Sirt3, Sirt1 and HIF-1α were significantly higher in the A431 cells than in the HaCaT cells ( t = 16.75, 18.34, 27.76, respectively, all P < 0.001) , and so were their mRNA expression levels ( t= 14.22, 9.62, 16.86, respectively, all P < 0.001) . Conclusion:Increased expression of Sirt3, Sirt1 and HIF-1α was observed in CSCC tissues and cells, which may promote the occurrence and development of CSCC.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932892

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influencing factors of short-term efficacy of 125I seed implantation for recurrent cervical metastatic lymph nodes of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after external beam radiation therapy (RESCC). Methods:From January 2013 to March 2019, 47 patients (42 males, 5 females; age: 47-77 years) with RESCC who underwent CT guided 125I seed implantation in Hebei General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into effective group (complete remission (CR)+ partial remission (PR)) and ineffective group (stable disease (SD)+ progressive disease (PD)) according to response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) at 3 months after implantation. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the independent influencing factors of short-term efficacy. Cut-off values were determined by ROC curve. Results:Of 47 patients, 26 were effective (3 were CR and 23 were PR) and 21 were ineffective (7 were SD, 14 were PD). Multivariate regression analysis showed that tumor diameter, immediate postoperative dose delivered to 90% gross tumor volume ( D90), recurrence interval time were independent influencing factors of short-term efficacy (odds ratio ( OR; 95% CI): 4.240(1.220-14.737), 0.999(0.999-1.000), 0.989(0.979-1.000), Wald values: 5.163, 5.043, 3.956, all P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the AUC of tumor diameter, D90 and recurrence interval time were 0.782, 0.786 and 0.838 respectively, with cut-off values of 4.85 cm, 115.78 Gy and 297.5 d respectively. Conclusions:The short-term efficacy of 125I seed implantation for RESCC is mainly related to the tumor diameter, immediate postoperative D90 and recurrence interval time. Patients with tumor diameter <4.85 cm, immediate postoperative D90>115.78 Gy and recurrence interval time >297.5 d have better efficacy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 30-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of conventional MRI radiomics for predicting occult cervical lymph nodes (LNs) metastases in early-stage oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC).Methods:The preoperative MRI data of 77 cases of early-stage OTSCCs (cT1-2N0M0) in Shanghai Ninth People′s Hospital from January 2015 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent primary lesion resection with selective neck dissection and the pathologic reports of LNs couldal be obtained. In total, 168 LNs (51 positive and 117 negative metastases) were enrolled and allocated into training set ( n=112) and validation set ( n=56) with a ratio of 2∶1 using random number table. The volumes of interest of LNs on T 2WI and contrast enhanced T 1WI (ceT 1WI) were delineated by two doctors using ITK-SNAP software. The 1 046 radiomics features of each sequence were extracted using 3D Slicer software. Data dimension reduction was done by inter-observer agreement analysis and univariate analysis. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression analysis were used for selecting optimal feature subsets and constructing radiomics signature for each sequence. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the differences of node size and radiomics scores between the LNs with positive and negative metastases. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to explore the performance of LNs size, T 2WI radiomics signature and ceT 1WI radiomics signature in predicting occult LNs metastases. Stepwise logistic regression was used to determine the independent predictors. Results:Fifteen and 10 optimal features were selected to construct radiomics signature for T 2WI and ceT 1WI respectively. The short diameter, T 2WI radiomics signature and ceT 1WI radiomics signature showed significant differences between LNs with positive and negative metastases in the both training and validation sets (all P<0.05), with the areas under the ROC curve of 0.67, 0.83 and 0.82 in the training set, and 0.69, 0.78 and 0.70 in the validation set, respectively. In the stepwise logistic regression analysis, T 2WI radiomics signature was identified as the independent predictor in the both sets (training set: OR=5.92, P<0.001; validation set: OR=2.53, P=0.012). Conclusion:Conventional MRI radiomics can provide a good potential to predict occult LNs metastases in early-stage OTSCC.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the survival, complications and prognostic factors in patients with stageⅠb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma treated by primarily radical surgery with or without postoperative adjuvant therapy.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of patients with stageⅠb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma treated in the Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences from January 2015 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent Querleu-Morrow classification (Q-M classification) C2 radical surgery, including extensive hysterectomy+pelvic lymphadenectomy with or without adjuvant therapy based on postoperative risk factors. Survival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method and survival curve was drawn. Univariate analysis was performed by using the log-rank test to analyze the clinicopathological factors related to the prognosis of patients. Multivariate analysis was performed by using Cox regression method to analyze independent risk factors affecting survival prognosis.Results:(1) The median age of 643 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma was 50 years old (45-58 years old). Clinical stage: 260 cases (40.4%, 260/643) of stage Ⅰb2, 383 cases (59.6%, 383/643) of stage Ⅱa2. (2) Among 643 cases underwent Q-M classification C2 surgery, 574 cases (89.3%, 574/643) of them received adjuvant therapy and 184 cases (28.6%, 184/643) of them had grade 3-4 complications after treatment, including 134 cases (20.8%, 134/643) early complications and 66 cases (10.3%, 66/643) late complications. The incidence of grade 3-4 complications in 574 patients received postoperative adjuvant therapy was 30.1% (173/574), which was significantly different from that in 69 patients who received surgery alone (15.9%, 11/69; χ2=6.08, P=0.014). (3) All 643 cases were followed up, and the median follow-up time was 40 months (3-76 months). During the follow-up period, 117 cases (18.2%, 117/643) recurred, including 45 cases (7.0%, 45/643) of local recurrence, 54 cases (8.4%, 54/643) of distant metastasis, and 18 cases (2.8%, 18/643) of local recurrence and distant metastasis. The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of patients with stage Ⅰb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma were 79.9% and 85.5%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that pelvic lymph node metastasis, para-aortic lymph node metastasis, deep stromal infiltration, and lymph-vascular space invasion were significantly associated with 5-year PFS in patients with stage Ⅰb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma (all P<0.05). The maximum diameter of tumor, pelvic lymph node metastasis and para-aortic lymph node metastasis were significantly associated with the 5-year OS of cervical squamous cell carcinoma in stages Ⅰb2 and Ⅱa2 (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that pelvic lymph node metastasis and para-aortic lymph node metastasis were independent factors affecting 5-year PFS and 5-year OS in patients with stage Ⅰb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma (all P<0.01). Conclusion:Radical surgery is a feasible and effective primary treatment for stagesⅠb2 and Ⅱa2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma, with a high 5-year survival rate and an acceptable complication rate.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 318-320,F3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932060

ABSTRACT

Circular RNA (CircRNA) is an endogenous closed circular noncoding RNA widely existing in organisms. It has a variety of biological functions and the characteristics of stable structure, high conservation, tissue and developmental stage specificity. Studies have confirmed that CircRNA plays an important role in regulating tumor gene expression, including participating in the occurrence, development and metastasis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). It has the potential to become a new biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of OSCC, and can be used as a potential target for the treatment of OSCC. This paper reviews the biological characteristics of CircRNA and its latest research status in the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of OSCC.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930063

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and circular RNA (circRNA) are two important types of non-coding RNA that can regulate gene expression by directly interacting with DNA, RNA or protein. A large number of studies have shown that lncRNA and circRNA can not only predict the prognosis of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) after radiotherapy and chemotherapy, but also affect the sensitivity of ESCC to radiotherapy and chemotherapy through competing endogenous RNA mechanisms, regulating PI3K/Akt/mTOR and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways, participating in DNA and protein modification, regulating the cell cycle and other pathways. In-depth research on the mechanism of lncRNA and circRNA regulating the sensitivity of ESCC to radiotherapy and chemotherapy will improve the effect of radiotherapy and chemotherapy in ESCC patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929971

ABSTRACT

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is the sixth most common malignant carcinoma worldwide, about 60% of patients are in advanced stage at the time of visit, the incidence rate is increasing gradually while the 3-year-survival rate has not been improved .Since most patients have reached advanced stage at the time of diagnosis, it brings great difficulties to treatment and leads to poor prognosis. In recent years, many articles have found out that Tertiary lymphoid structures are in and around samples of HNSCC patients and are positively related to disease progession and outcome of patients. In-depth analysis of TLS in the formation of HNSCC and the function in tumor micro environment can help estimate the prognosis of patients and provide guidance for future treatment In this article, the compositions, functions, current research of TLS with its prognostic factors and its influence on future treatment in HNSCC will be reviewed.

16.
Mali Médical ; 28(3): 74-76, 30/09/2022. Figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1397780

ABSTRACT

Les tumeurs conjonctivales sont fréquentes dans les zones tropicales,où l'exposition aux rayons ultraviolets est forte et quasi permanente. Les tumeurs malignes sont assez rares et la plus représentée est le carcinome épidermoïde de la conjonctive.Nous rapportons deux cas de carcinome épidermoïde invasif de la conjonctive reçus dans le service d'ophtalmologie de l'hôpital Sominé Dolo de Mopti au Mali. Il s'agissait de deux patientes de 25 et 51 ans, vivant en zone rurale et désertique exposées aux rayons solaires et à la poussière. Elles présentaient une masse développée dans l'aire de la fente palpébrale, envahissant la cornée et empêchant l'occlusion palpébrale. La masse était en relief, multi lobulée, bien circonscrite, de couleur blanc nacré et d'aspect papillomateux avec une dilatation des vaisseaux nourriciers. Une exérèse chirurgicale large à 4 - 5 mm des berges de tissu sain a été réalisée avec examen anatomopathologique de la pièce qui a confirmé un carcinome épidermoïde différencié mature et invasif de la conjonctive. Le bilan d'extension et la sérologie HIV étaient négatifs. L'évolution était favorable à moyen terme sans récidive


Conjunctival tumors are common in tropical areas, where exposure to ultraviolet radiation is high and almost permanent. Malignant tumors are quite rare and the most represented is conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma. We report two cases of invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva received in the ophthalmology department of the Sominé Dolo hospital in Mopti, Mali. The patients were 25 and 51 years old, living in a rural desert area exposed to sunlight and dust. They presented with a mass developed in the area of the palpebral fissure, invading the cornea and preventing palpebral occlusion. The mass was raised, multi-lobulated, well circumscribed, pearly white in color and papillomatous in appearance with dilation of the feeder vessels. A wide surgical excision at 4 - 5 mm from the healthy tissue edges was performed with anatomopathological examination of the specimen, which confirmed a mature and invasive differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva. The extension workup and HIV serology were negative. The evolution was favorable in the medium term without recurrence


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Conjunctival Diseases , Environmental Exposure , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , DNA Repair , Sun Protection Factor
17.
Autops. Case Rep ; 12: e2021388, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383893

ABSTRACT

Abstract The clear cell variant of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) is an uncommon histological variant. Kuo first discovered it in the skin, and Frazier et al. found it in the oral cavity. We know of only nine cases of clear cell variant of OSCC reported in the literature till now. The present case is in a 60-year-old male patient with an ulcer on the left posterolateral border of the tongue. The patient had a history of chewing tobacco for 22 years. Clinical examination showed features of malignant ulcer associated with pain and discomfort. Histopathological examination revealed sheets and islands of atypical epithelial cells with clear cytoplasm, nuclear and cellular pleomorphism, and few keratin pearls in the connective tissue suggesting OSCC. Various special stains were performed to identify clear cells. Periodic Acid Schiff-Diastase (PAS-D) and Mucicarmine stains showed positive and negative reactions in clear cells, respectively. Immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis for cytokeratin (AE1/AE3) showed diffuse positivity in clear cells and other epithelial cells. Based on special stains and IHC markers, we confirmed the diagnosis as a clear cell variant of OSCC. This variant is rare and presents diagnostic challenges. It is said to be aggressive in nature. More such cases should be reported to understand its biological behavior and prognosis.

18.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0055, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394862

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Analisar o perfil clínico de pacientes portadores de neoplasias escamosas da superfície ocular. Métodos Foram avaliados os principais fatores de risco envolvidos na gênese das neoplasias escamosas da superfície ocular, as características clínicas dos pacientes e os hábitos comportamentais associados. Foram incluídos neste trabalho de coorte histórica 80 pacientes com diagnóstico anatomopatológico de neoplasia escamosa da superfície ocular atendidos entre os anos de 2010 e 2020 em um hospital referência em oculoplástica e segmento anterior de Santa Catarina. Os dados clínicos e desfechos foram avaliados por meio da análise de prontuário e entrevista, sendo posteriormente tabulados no Excel e submetidos à analise estatística por meio do software Statistical Pakage for the Social Sciences, versão 16. Resultados Foi observado que 73,8% (n=59) eram do sexo masculino. A média de idade da amostra foi de 62 anos. Quanto ao fototipo de pele, de acordo com a escala de Fitzpatrick, constatou-se que a maioria apresentou os fototipos 1 e 2 (22; 27,5% e 44; 55%, respectivamente). Em relação à exposição ocupacional ao sol/radiação, 48% (n=60) apresentaram história de exposição ocupacional, sendo que, destes, 28 pacientes trabalhavam no setor de agricultura. Dos pacientes da amostra, 33 (41,2%) apresentavam histórico pessoal de neoplasias de pele, sendo que, destes, três apresentavam diagnóstico de xeroderma pigmentoso. Quanto ao hábito de uso de fatores de proteção solar, 61% (n=49) da amostra negou o hábito. Foi evidenciada associação estatisticamente significativa entre o hábito de usar fatores de proteção solar e histórico pessoal de neoplasias de pele. Em relação ao tipo de neoplasia escamosa, a maioria dos pacientes (72; 90%) apresentou diagnóstico anatomopatológico de carcinoma espinocelular ocular. Conclusão O perfil clínico epidemiológico dos pacientes portadores de neoplasias escamosas da superfície ocular neste estudo, predominantemente de carcinoma espinoceular ocular, foi de homens, idosos, de pele clara (fototipo 2) e com histórico importante de exposição aos raios solares ultravioleta A e B. Comorbidades imunodepressoras (HIV e transplante de órgão sólido) e doenças dermatológicas (albinismo e xeroderma pigmentoso) associaram-se ao aparecimento das neoplasias escamosas da superfície ocular em idade mais precoce. Em pacientes com histórico pessoal prévio de neoplasias de pele, foi evidenciado o hábito de uso de fatores de protetor solar mais presente em relação aos demais.


ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the clinical profile of patients with ocular surface squamous neoplasms (OSSN). Methods The main risk factors involved in the genesis of the ocular surface squamous neoplasms, the clinical features, and the behavioral habits associated were evaluated. This historical cohort study included 80 patients with anatomopathological diagnosis of OSSN who were treated between 2010-2020 at a reference hospital in oculoplastic and anterior segment in Santa Catarina. The clinical data and outcomes were evalated through the analysis of medical records and interviews, being later tabulated in Excel and analyzed using the SPSS 16 software. Results Regarding the clinical profile of the patients in the sample, 73.8% (n = 59) were male. The mean age of the sample was 62 years old. As for the skin phototype, according to the Fitzpatrick scale, most of the sample presented the phototype 1 and 2 (27.5% n = 22; and 55% n = 44 respectively). Regarding occupational exposure to the sun / radiation, 48% (n = 60) had history of occupational exposure, and of these, 28 patients worked in the agricultural area. Of the patients of the sample, 33 (41.2%) had a personal history of skin neoplasms, and of these, 3 had diagnosis of xeroderma pigmentosum. As for the habit of using sun protection factors, 61% (n = 49) of the sample denied the habit. A statistically significant association was evidenced between the habit of using sun protection factors and people's history of skin cancer. Regarding the type of squamous neoplasia, most patients in the 90% sample (n = 72) had an anatomopathological diagnosis of ocular squamous cell carcinoma. Conclusion The clinical epidemiological profile of patients with OSSN in this study, predominantly ocular squamous cell carcinoma, was men, elderly, fair-skinned (phototype 2) and with an important history of exposure to UVA and UVB rays. Immunosuppressive comorbidities (HIV, solid organ transplant) and dermatological diseases (albinism, xeroderma pigmentosum) are associated with the appearance of OSSN at an early age. In patients with a previous personal history of skin neoplasms, the habit of using sunscreen factors was more present than in the other patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Conjunctival Neoplasms/epidemiology , Eye Neoplasms/epidemiology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Sunlight/adverse effects , Sunscreening Agents , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Comorbidity , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Occupational Exposure , Conjunctival Neoplasms/pathology , Solar Radiation , Environmental Exposure , Eye Neoplasms/pathology , Sun Protection Factor/statistics & numerical data
19.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRC6367, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364787

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Cemiplimab is a novel programmed death-1 inhibitor recently approved for advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. Immune-related adverse events derived from cemiplimab are similar to other anti-PD-1 drugs, including gastrointestinal and cutaneous toxicities. Oral immune-related adverse events were not reported with cemiplimab in previous studies; thus this case report warns of the fact that the oral cavity may be a site of immune-related adverse events during programmed death-1 block therapy and that this can lead to significant limitations when not properly treated. The present report describes the case of a patient with locally advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma metastatic to cervical lymph nodes who developed dysphagia due to large and painful oral ulcers after a single dose of cemiplimab. The patient also exhibited a sarcoid-like reaction in mediastinal lymph nodes. No immune-related adverse events were found in any other organs. The oral lesions showed significant improvement after topical and short-course systemic corticosteroids, and low-level laser therapy was also performed in the oral lesions. The patient achieved a near-complete response and treatment was discontinued. This article discusses in detail the clinical outcomes and oral toxicity management of cemiplimab therapy for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/drug therapy , Oral Ulcer , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Lymph Nodes
20.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 38(1): e38109, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1389676

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: la cirugía micrográfica de Mohs es una técnica quirúrgica especializada para el tratamiento del cáncer de piel no melanoma. La histopatología cumple un rol fundamental, y la elección de la tinción es un punto de controversia. Objetivos: comparar el rendimiento de las tinciones de hematoxilina y eosina (HyE) versus azul de toluidina (AT) durante la cirugía. Método: estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal a partir de noviembre de 2017 hasta mayo de 2018. Se incluyeron las láminas empleadas durante la cirugía en el período mencionado. Estas fueron analizadas por el cirujano de Mohs, tres residentes y una dermopatóloga. Se valoró el rendimiento de ambas tinciones, teniendo en cuenta las características celulares y los elementos del estroma. Resultados: se estudiaron 23 tumores (16 carcinomas basocelulares y 7 carcinomas espinocelulares). Al observarse al microscopio óptico tanto con la tinción de AT como con HyE no se encontraron diferencias significativas entre ambos grupos en lo global, sólo en algunas características, especialmente con la HyE. Conclusiones: es el primer trabajo en Uruguay que compara la eficacia de las dos tinciones durante la cirugía micrográfica de Mohs. Como conclusión tanto la tinción de HyE como el AT son muy buenas técnicas para el diagnóstico de carcinomas cutáneos.


Abstract: Introduction: Mohs micrographic surgery is a specialized surgical technique used to treat nonmelanoma carcinoma. Histopathology plays a vital role in the diagnosis of this condition, and the choice staining method is controversial. Objective: to compare results in the use of hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) versus Toluidine blue (TB) staining during surgery. Method: observational, descriptive and transversal study conducted from November, 2017 until May, 2018 of the slides used during surgeries in the selected period. Slides were analysed by the Mohs surgeon, 3 residents and a dermopathologist to evaluate the results of both staining methods, in consideration of cell features and stromal elements. Results: 23 tumors were analysed (16 Basal Cell carcinomas and 7 Squamous Cell Carcinoma). Microscopic observation of slides prepared with Toluidine blue and hematoxylin and eosin stains did not show significant global differences between both groups, except in terms of a few characteristics, in particular with hematoxylin and eosin stains. Conclusions: this was the first study in Uruguay to evaluate the effectiveness of both staining methods during Mohs micrographic surgery, and it concluded that both Toluidine blue and hematoxylin and eosin stains are very good techniques in evaluating skin-cancer.


Resumo: Introdução: a cirurgia micrográfica de Mohs é uma técnica cirúrgica especializada para o tratamento do câncer de pele não melanoma. A histopatologia desempenha um papel fundamental, onde a escolha da coloração é um ponto de controvérsia. Objetivos: comparar o desempenho das colorações de hematoxilina e eosina versus azul de toluidina durante a cirurgia. Método: estudo observacional, descritivo e transversal de novembro de 2017 a maio de 2018. Foram incluídas as lâminas utilizadas durante as cirurgias no referido período. Estas foram analisadas pelo cirurgião especializado na técnica de Mohs, 3 residentes e um dermatopatologista onde foi avaliado o desempenho de ambas as colorações, levando em consideração as características celulares e os elementos do estroma. Resultados: foram estudados 23 tumores (16 carcinomas basocelulares e 7 carcinomas espinocelulares). Quando observados ao microscópio de luz para coloração AT e H&E, não foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre os dois grupos em geral, apenas em algumas características, especialmente com o H&E. Conclusões: é o primeiro estudo no Uruguai que compara a eficácia dos 2 corantes durante a cirurgia micrográfica de Mohs. Em conclusão, tanto a coloração com hematoxilina e eosina quanto com azul de toluidina são técnicas muito boas para o diagnóstico de carcinomas de pele.


Subject(s)
Mohs Surgery
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