Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 182
Filter
1.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(10): e20210171, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACSEXPRESS, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364719

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: LIN28 is a RNA-binding protein including two highly conserved homologous, LIN28A and LIN28B. Proto-oncogenes such as LIN28A and LIN28B are generally targeted by the let-7 miRNAs in different types of human cancers. Here, we determined the expression of LIN28A in canine mammary tumor samples and the LIN28/let-7 pathway in canine mammary cell lines. In those cell lines, we identified a functional LIN28/let-7 pathway which exhibited high expression of let-7 members and low expression of its targets, including LIN28A and LIN28B. However, the mammary carcinoma tissue samples showed a frequent expression of LIN28A being expressed mainly in the epithelial cells. No association was observed between LIN28A expression and histopathological classification and grade, TNM and survival time. Our results suggested a possible role of the LIN28A protein in the development of canine mammary carcinomas due to the high frequency observed in the tumor samples (28 of 32). The in vitro experiments suggested that the LIN28/let-7 pathway is active in the tumor cells evaluated. However, more studies are necessary to elucidate the exact role of LIN28/let-7 pathway in canine mammary carcinomas.


RESUMO: LIN28 é uma proteína de ligação ao RNA, com duas formas homólogas altamente conservadas, LIN28A e LIN28B. Os proto-oncogenes LIN28A e LIN28B são regulados pela família de miRNAs let-7 em diferentes tipos de cânceres em humanos. No presente trabalho, o objetivo foi determinar a expressão de LIN28A em amostras de tumor mamário de cadelas e a via LIN28/let-7 em linhagens celulares mamárias caninas. Nestas linhagens, através das técnicas de qPCR e RNAseq, foi identificado que a via LIN28/let-7 apresenta-se funcional, com alta expressão dos membros da família let-7 e baixa expressão de seus alvos, entre eles LIN28A e LIN28B. No entanto, as amostras de tecidos de carcinomas mamários caninos demonstraram expressão frequente de LIN28A, sendo observada principalmente em células epiteliais. Não foram observadas associações entre expressão de LIN28A com classificação e gradação histopatológicas, TNM e tempo de sobrevida. Nossos resultados sugerem uma possível relação da proteína LIN28A no desenvolvimento de carcinomas mamários caninos devido à alta frequência observada nas amostras tumorais (28 de 32). Os experimentos in vitro sugerem que a via LIN28/let-7 é ativa nas linhagens celulares caninas avaliadas. Entretanto, estudos funcionais ainda são necessários para elucidar a função exata da via LIN28/let-7 nos carcinomas mamários caninos.

2.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(3): e3469, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289643

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El cáncer de vejiga es un tumor mucho más frecuente de lo que a veces nos transmiten las estadísticas o los medios de comunicación. Ocupa el noveno lugar en cuanto al número de diagnósticos de cáncer a nivel mundial y se reporta aproximadamente cinco veces más frecuente en varones que en mujeres. Objetivo: Describir las características clínico-patológicas de los tumores malignos del tracto urinario inferior. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 186 pacientes con tumores malignas del tracto urinario inferior diagnosticados anatomo-patológicamente en el Hospital Provincial Clínico Quirúrgico Docente "Saturnino Lora Torres", de Santiago de Cuba, entre los años 2017 al 2020. Una vez recopilados los datos se procesaron mediante el sistema estadístico SPSS, en su versión 21.0. Resultados: En la serie la mayoría de los afectados fueron hombres entre los 60 y 79 años de edad, siendo más frecuente en el sexo masculino. Predominaron los carcinomas uroteliales con el 96,4 % del total en su variedad papilar y de alto grado de malignidad. Conclusiones: Los tumores malignos del tracto urinario inferior son un problema de salud de baja frecuencia cuya trascendencia es la afectación individual a quien lo padece, y su comportamiento clínico patológico, en sentido general, fue similar a lo reportado por la literatura nacional e internacional, salvo pequeñas y puntuales diferencias relativo a los síntomas, el diagnóstico histológico, en parte, y el grado de malignidad de las lesiones.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Bladder cancer is a more common tumor that sometimes the statistics database or media conveyed to us. It ranks ninth concerning cancer diagnoses worldwide and it is reported to be approximately five times more frequent in males than in females. Objective: To describe the clinicopathologic features of malignant lower urinary tract tumors. Method: A descriptive and cross-sectional study involving a total of 186 patients was conducted. Anatomical and pathological diagnoses were carried out to all patients with malignant lower urinary tract tumor at the Hospital Provincial Clínico Quirúrgico Docente "Saturnino Lora Torres" in Santiago de Cuba, from 2017 throughout 2020. Once the data were collected, they were processed using the SPSS statistical system, version 21.0. Results: Most affected patients with lower urinary tract tumor had an average age of 60 to 70, arising most frequently in males. The 96.4 % of the total of the patients were diagnosed with urothelial carcinomas (predominant), described in its papillary variety and the high degree of malignant transformation. Conclusions: Malignant lower urinary tract tumors are health problems labeled as the low frequency which differ in their transformation according to the patient. The clinical pathological behavior of the tumor, in a general sense, was similar to that reported in the national and international literature, except for small and pointed differences regarding symptoms, histological diagnosis, and the degree of the lesions´ malignant transformation.


RESUMO Introdução: O câncer de bexiga é um tumor mais comum do que às vezes o banco de dados de estatísticas ou a mídia veiculada por nós. Ele ocupa o nono lugar em diagnósticos de câncer em todo o mundo e é relatado ser aproximadamente cinco vezes mais frequente em homens do que em mulheres. Objetivo: Descrever as características clínico-patológicas dos tumores malignos do trato urinário inferior. Método: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo e transversal envolvendo um total de 186 pacientes. Os diagnósticos anatômicos e patológicos foram realizados a todos os pacientes com tumor maligno do trato urinário inferior no Hospital Provincial Clínico Quirúrgico Docente "Saturnino Lora Torres" em Santiago de Cuba, de 2017 a 2020. Uma vez coletados os dados, eles foram processados ​​no SPSS sistema estatístico, versão 21.0. Resultados: A maioria dos pacientes afetados com tumor do trato urinário inferior tinha uma idade média de 60 a 70 anos, surgindo mais frequentemente no sexo masculino. 96,4% do total dos pacientes foram diagnosticados com carcinomas uroteliais (predominantes), descritos em sua variedade papilar e alto grau de transformação maligna. Conclusões: Os tumores malignos do trato urinário inferior são problemas de saúde rotulados como de baixa frequência e que diferem em sua transformação de acordo com o paciente. O comportamento clínico-patológico do tumor, de um modo geral, foi semelhante ao relatado na literatura nacional e internacional, exceto por pequenas e pontuadas diferenças quanto à sintomatologia, ao diagnóstico histológico e ao grau de transformação maligna das lesões.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Urologic Diseases , Renal Dialysis , Urologic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/pathology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 309-321, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881138

ABSTRACT

Cullin-RING ligases (CRLs) recognize and interact with substrates for ubiquitination and degradation, and can be targeted for disease treatment when the abnormal expression of substrates involves pathologic processes. Phosphorylation, either of substrates or receptors of CRLs, can alter their interaction. Phosphorylation-dependent ubiquitination and proteasome degradation influence various cellular processes and can contribute to the occurrence of various diseases, most often tumorigenesis. These processes have the potential to be used for tumor intervention through the regulation of the activities of related kinases, along with the regulation of the stability of specific oncoproteins and tumor suppressors. This review describes the mechanisms and biological functions of crosstalk between phosphorylation and ubiquitination, and most importantly its influence on tumorigenesis, to provide new directions and strategies for tumor therapy.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1400-1411, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888811

ABSTRACT

A major mitochondrial enzyme for protecting cells from acetaldehyde toxicity is aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2). The correlation between ALDH2 dysfunction and tumorigenesis/growth/metastasis has been widely reported. Either low or high ALDH2 expression contributes to tumor progression and varies among different tumor types. Furthermore, the ALDH2∗2 polymorphism (rs671) is the most common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in Asia. Epidemiological studies associate ALDH2∗2 with tumorigenesis and progression. This study summarizes the essential functions and potential ALDH2 mechanisms in the occurrence, progression, and treatment of tumors in various types of cancer. Our study indicates that ALDH2 is a potential therapeutic target for cancer therapy.

5.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020201, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142397

ABSTRACT

Undifferentiated carcinoma of the pancreas with osteoclast-like giant cells (UCOGCs) is an extremely rare morphologically and clinically distinct variant of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), exhibiting a characteristic component of reactive osteoclast-like giant cells admixed with neoplastic mononuclear cells. Sommers and Meissner first described it in 1954 as an "unusual carcinoma of the pancreas". Later it acquired many different names. In 2010, the WHO classified these tumors as a variant of PDAC under the heading of "undifferentiated carcinoma with osteoclast-like giant cells". Here we describe the first case of pancreatic mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasms (MiNEN) composed of UCOGC and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (NET), which occurred in a 78-year-old man with biliary colic and pancreatitis. The mass did not respond to the chemotherapy, and he soon developed liver metastasis from the NET component, and unfortunately, the patient passed away 10 months later. Since UCOGC is extremely rare, and its association with NET has not been reported yet, our case expands the knowledge regarding its unusual presentation and poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/pathology , Giant Cells , Fatal Outcome
6.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-208032

ABSTRACT

Background: The uterine corpus represents the second most common site for malignancy in the female genital tract. This study was performed to ascertain the profile of malignant tumours of the uterine corpus reported at our centre.Methods: A retrospective analysis of cases retrieved from the archives of the department of pathology from January 2014 to December 2016. Clinical information of the patients was collected from the hospital records.  Classification and grading of the tumours were done according to the current WHO classification.Results: Nineteen cases were studied. There were ten cases of endometrial adenocarcinoma, five cases of leiomyosarcoma, three cases of endometrial stromal sarcoma and one case of carcinosarcoma(malignant mixed mullerian tumour). The age range of endometrial adenocarcinoma was 55 to 85 years and presented with post menopausal bleeding, whereas endometrial stromal sarcomas occurred in women above 45 years of age. Leiomyosarcomas had age range from 26 to 65 years. All leiomyosarcomas were clinically diagnosed as fibroid. Majority of endometrial adenocarcinomas were well differentiated endometroid type. Out of the three endometrial stromal sarcomas two were high grade, one with metastasis. All leiomyosarcomas showed mitotic rate above 10/10hpf.Conclusions: Endometrial carcinomas form the majority of malignant tumours of uterine corpus and occur in older age group followed by leiomyosarcomas. Endometrial stromal sarcomas are less common and occur in middle aged and older patients. Leiomyosarcomas and stromal sarcomas are usually misdiagnosed as fibroids clinically unless metastases are present.

7.
Rev. ADM ; 77(3): 162-167, mayo-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128895

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de Gorlin-Goltz o síndrome de carcinoma de nevo basocelular es un desorden hereditario autosómico dominante que predispone principalmente a la proliferación de múltiples carcinomas basocelulares, queratoquistes odontogénicos y defectos del desarrollo, causados por la mutación del gen Patched localizado en el cromosoma 9. Presentación del caso: Se reporta un paciente con características de este síndrome, en la clínica de COMF de la UNAM. El diagnóstico fue basado en los estudios clínicos, imagenológicos y moleculares. Conclusiones: El conocimiento de esta enfermedad puede orientarnos a la sospecha diagnóstica de lesión quística o premaligna en forma oportuna, lo que permite prevenir complicaciones y brindar un tratamiento integral para así mejorar la calidad de vida de este tipo de pacientes (AU)


Introduction: Gorlin-Goltz syndrome or cell-based nevus carcinoma syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder that predisposes mainly to the proliferation of multiple basal cell carcinomas, maxillary keratocysts and developmental defects, caused by the mutation of the Patched gene located on chromosome 9. Case presentation: A patient with specific characteristics compatible with this syndrome was reported in the COMF Department of the UNAM. The diagnosis was based on clinical studies, radiology and genetic studies. Conclusions: Knowledge of this problem can guide us to the diagnostic suspicion in a timely manner, thus preventing complications, and to provide an improved integral treatment of the quality of life of this type of patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome , Odontogenic Cysts/surgery , Oral Manifestations , Biopsy , Histological Techniques , Pathology, Molecular , Patched-1 Receptor , Mexico
8.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(3): 210-219, Mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135610

ABSTRACT

Osteopontin is a glycophosphoprotein implicated in different physiologic and pathologic processes and is known to be involved in progression and metastasis of various cancers in humans, but this relation is still little explored in the veterinary. The aim was to evaluate the expression of osteopontin in canine mammary carcinomas and its relation with well-established canine mammary tumor biomarkers. For that, expression of OPN, EGFR, HER2, and c-Kit were evaluated along with Ki67 rate in 43 mammary carcinomas. Osteopontin was demonstrated to be expressed by neoplastic epithelial cells in all carcinomas as well as in stromal cells from the tumor microenvironment. Relation between high osteopontin expression and EGFR positivity (P<0.001) and HER2 overexpression (P=0.012) was demonstrated. In conclusion, high OPN expression seems to be related to poor prognosis and MAPK pathway activation, given the association with EGFR and HER2, members of the MAPK signaling pathway.(AU)


A osteopontina é uma glicofosfoproteina implicada em diferentes processos fisiológicos e patológicos, sendo conhecida por estar envolvida na progressão e metástase de vários cânceres nos humanos, no entanto, essa relação é ainda pouco explorada na veterinária. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a expressão da osteopontina nos carcinomas mamários caninos e sua relação com biomarcadores bem estabelecidos para esta neoplasia. Para isto, foi avaliada a expressão de OPN, EGRH, HER2 e c-Kit juntamente com a taxa de Ki67 em 43 carcinomas mamários. A osteopontina foi expressa pelas células epiteliais neoplásicas em todos os carcinomas, assim como, nas células estromais do microambiente tumoral. Foi demonstrada uma relação entre uma alta expressão de osteopontina e positividade para EGFR (P<0.001) e superexpressão de HER2 (P=0.012). Em conclusão, alta expressão de OPN parece estar relacionada com mau prognóstico e ativação da via MAPK, devido a sua associação com EGRF e HER2, os quais são membros desta via de sinalização.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Carcinoma , Biomarkers , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal , Dog Diseases , Osteopontin , Immunohistochemistry
9.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(1): 30-37, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088766

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives The aim of our study was to evaluate the survival rate of all thyroid carcinomas (TCs) diagnosed in the 1999-2015 period in the Republic of North Macedonia and to analyze the prognostic influence of several characteristics on development of distant metastases, as well as to analyze the prognostic effect of seven clinical and constitutional features on mortality. Material and methods A retrospective analysis of medical data from all TCs diagnosed in 1999-2015 was performed. The survival rate of all types of TCs was estimated using the Kaplan Meier method. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied for evaluation of the predictive role of seven clinical and constitutional characteristics for development of distant metastases, and the univariate Cox-proportional model was applied for evaluation of the predictors for mortality. Results A total of 422 TC cases were diagnosed in the 17-year period, with an average survival time of 212.99 months. Results of the univariate regression analysis showed that dimension at initial ultrasound and histopathological type of tumor were significantly predictive variables for distant metastases. Multifocal tumors vs. unifocal tumors < 15 mm significantly increased the probability of distant metastases by 7.401 (p = 0.005, 95% CI = 1.817-30.190) times. Age, initial lymph node involvement, number of radioiodine therapies, and histopathology of the tumor were selected as independent significant predictors for mortality. Conclusion Our results showed an excellent overall prognosis of thyroid tumors in the Macedonian population. The dimension of the tumor, multifocality, and histopathological type were the most relevant prognostic predictive features for development of distant metastases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Thyroid Neoplasms/mortality , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Metastasis
10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 498-503, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821881

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveOnly few studies have been published of the effect of microvascular invasion (MVI) on long-term prognosis of liver resection (LR) for multiple hepatocellular carcinomas (mHCCs). Therefore, we investigate the efficacy of MVI on long-term prognosis of the patients undergoing LR formHCCs.MethodsThe clinical data of 505 patients undergoing LR for mHCCs in the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital of the Second Military Medical University between March 2009 and March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into the MVI(+) group (n=279)and MVI (-) group (n=226), and146 patients in MVI (+) group and 124 patients in MVI (-) group received adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). The Kaplan-Meier approach was used for survival analysis and the Cox proportional-hazards regression model was used forthe risk factors of long-term survival rate.ResultsThe early recurrence rate of MVI (+) group was significantly higher than that of MVI (-) group (60.4% vs 40.5%, P<0.01), and the 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rate of MVI (+) group was significantly lower than those in MVI (-) group (70.5%, 47.4%, 33.4% vs 86.6%, 66.8%, 50.1%, P<0.05). Among MVI (+) patients, the early recurrence rate and 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rate in the adjuvant TACE group were better than those in the control group (early recurrence rate 41.3% vs 39.3%, P<0.05; 1, 3, 5 year overall survival rate 92.8%, 72.5%, 53.1% vs 78.6%, 59.5%, 47.3%, P<0.05). Multivariate Cox model indicated that the Alpha-foetoprotein (AFP) level, maximum tumor diameter/minimum tumor diameter, MVI and adjuvant TACE were independent risk factors for early recurrence (HR=1.48, 1.51, 1.34, 0.76, P<0.05); maximum tumor diameter, intraoperative blood transfusion, MVI and adjuvant TACE were independent risk factors for postoperative overall survival (HR=1.75, 1.75, 1.36, 0.68, P<0.05).ConclusionMVI is a risk factor for early recurrence and poor long-term prognosis after LR for mHCCs. For mHCCs with MVI, adjuvant TACE after LR could reduce the early recurrence rate and improve the long-term survival rate.

11.
J. Bras. Patol. Med. Lab. (Online) ; 55(5): 550-567, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040217

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Squamous cell carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm that affects the structures and tissues of the oral cavity. Interleukins (IL) synthesized from a tumor modulate a cascade reaction that may influence the prognosis of the disease. We aim to investigate in the literature whether interleukins are mediators that negatively or positively influence the prognosis of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. A systematic review study was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA) instructions. PubMed (including MedLine), Scopus, Web of Science, SciELO and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS) databases were used as the primary sources for the study; OpenGrey and OpenThesis were used to search for "gray literature". The search conducted in seven general databases resulted in a set of 858 studies, while the search conducted in two databases for gray literature resulted in 82 studies, totaling 940 studies. From these, 15 studies were selected for this systematic review (eight studies presented low bias risk; four studies presented moderate bias risk; and three studies presented high risk of bias). Although they may act on the anti-tumor immune response pathways, the IL evaluated in the present systematic review (IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 and IL-13) tend to present a response associated with the intensification of carcinogenesis and poor prognosis in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma.


RESUMEN El carcinoma de células escamosas es una neoplasia maligna que afecta las estructuras y los tejidos de la cavidad oral. Interleucinas (IL) sintetizadas a partir de un tumor modulan una cascada de reacciones que puede influenciar el pronóstico de la enfermedad. Nuestro objetivo es investigar en la literatura si las IL son mediadoras que influyen negativamente o positivamente en el pronóstico de pacientes con carcinoma oral de células escamosas. Un estudio de revisión sistemática fue realizado bajo las instrucciones del Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Las bases de datos PubMed (incluyendo MedLine), Scopus, Web of Science, SciELO y Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS) fueron usadas como fuentes primarias de estudio; OpenGrey y OpenThesis, para pesquisar la literatura gris. La búsqueda realizada en siete bases de datos generales resultó en un conjunto de 858 estudios, mientras la búsqueda realizada en dos bases de datos para literatura gris resultó en 82 estudios, totalizando 940 investigaciones. Entre ellas, 15 fueron elegidas para la presente revisión sistemática (ocho estudios presentaron bajo riesgo de sesgo; cuatro, riesgo moderado; tres, riesgo alto). A pesar de poder actuar en vías de respuesta inmune antitumoral, las IL evaluadas en esta revisión (IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, y IL-13) suelen presentar una respuesta asociada a la intensificación del proceso de carcinogénesis y al pronóstico desfavorable en pacientes portadores de carcinoma oral de células escamosas.


RESUMO O carcinoma de células escamosas é uma neoplasia maligna que afeta as estruturas e os tecidos da cavidade oral. Interleucinas (IL) sintetizadas a partir de um tumor modulam uma cascata de reações que poderá influenciar o prognóstico da doença. Objetiva-se investigar na literatura se as interleucinas são mediadores que influenciam negativamente ou positivamente o prognóstico de pacientes com carcinoma de células escamosas intraoral. Um estudo de revisão sistemática foi realizado segundo as instruções do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). As bases de dados PubMed (incluindo MedLine), Scopus, Web of Science, SciELO e Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS) foram utilizadas como fontes de estudo primárias; OpenGrey e OpenThesis, utilizadas para pesquisar a "literatura cinzenta". A busca realizada em sete bases de dados gerais resultou em um conjunto de 858 estudos, enquanto a realizada em duas bases de dados para literatura cinza, em 82 estudos, totalizando 940 pesquisas. Destas, 15 foram selecionadas para a presente revisão sistemática (oito estudos apresentaram baixo risco de viés; quatro, moderado risco de viés; e três, alto risco de viés). Apesar de poderem atuar nas vias de resposta imune antitumoral, as IL avaliadas nesta revisão (IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 e IL-13) tendem a apresentar uma resposta associada à intensificação do processo de carcinogênese e ao prognóstico desfavorável em pacientes portadores do carcinoma de células escamosas intraoral.

12.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-202380

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Induction chemotherapy in locally advancedhead and neck cancers prior to local therapy has beendemonstrated to be non-inferior to concurrent chemoradiationin terms of overall survival (OS). Despite possible lack ofsurvival advantage, downsizing of tumours, allowing organpreservation along with the possible benefit of eradication ofmicrometastases earlier in the course of therapy makes thisa desirable approach for many heads and neck oncologistsworldwide. Study aimed to assess the immediate locoregionalresponse rates and to assess the toxicity profile of sequentialtherapy with three cycles of induction PFT followed byConcurrent Chemo-Radiation with weekly Cisplatin inLocally Advanced Head and Neck Cancers.Material and methods: 30 consecutive patients with locallyadvanced head and neck cancers attending the OPD at ourinstitute were included in the study. All patients were treatedwith 3 cycles of Induction chemotherapy with PFT regimen(Paclitaxel 175mg/m2 Day1, Cisplatin 100 mg/m² split to(Day 1-3), 5-FU 750 mg/m² Day 1 to 3) every 21 days. Thepatients were then taken up for concurrent chemoradiation(66 Gy RT along with weekly Cisplatin 40mg/sq.m.). Theimmediate locoregional response rates were assessed byclinical and radiological imaging. The toxicity profile of thetreatment was assessed with RTOG acute morbidity scoringcriteria and CTCAE Version 4.Results: 30 patients (3 female) were recruited for the study.Among them 3 were laryngeal cancer patients and thehypopharyngeal, oropharyngeal and the oral cavity cancerswere 9 each. 63% of them had complete response and 30%had partial response. The sub-sites of the hypopharynx andthe oropharynx had the best outcomes from this treatmentprotocol. 2 patients did not complete the planned treatment.11patients had grade 3 leukopenia and 2 patients had grade 4/febrile neutropenia. There was no grade 3 thrombocytopeniain the study group.Conclusion: Sequential therapy with three cycles of inductionPFT followed by concurrent chemoradiation is a feasiblealternative for moderately advanced and very advanced headand neck cancer. Patient selection and supportive care duringtreatment are very important for successful outcome.

13.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2019 May; 85(3): 287-290
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-192494

ABSTRACT

Basaloid follicular hamartoma is a rare, benign and superficial malformation of hair follicles, characterized histologically by epithelial proliferation of basaloid cells with radial disposition. It can be mistaken for basal cell carcinoma. Even though these hamartomas are considered benign lesions, malignant transformation has rarely been reported. We report the case of a 45-year-old healthy woman, with linear, unilateral basaloid follicular hamartoma which developed inflamed papules histologically suggestive of basal cell carcinoma. We believe that identification of local inflammation could be a clinical clue to guide us towards a malignant transformation of basaloid follicular hamartoma.

14.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2019 May; 15(3): 693-695
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213408

ABSTRACT

Head-and-neck squamous cell carcinomas are tumors with propensity mostly for locoregional spread. The most frequent sites of metastasis include lung, bone, liver, adrenal, heart, and kidney. Distant metastasis to axillary lymph nodes from buccal mucosa cancer is extremely rare. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case reported where a gentleman who was treated for carcinoma right buccal mucosa developed left axillary lymph node metastasis at 6th year of follow-up.

15.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2019 May; 15(3): 645-652
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213398

ABSTRACT

Background: Head and Neck Carcinoma (HNCs) are the most common form of cancer in India. Patients with head-and-neck carcinomas often suffer from various distressing symptoms. The exact cause of these symptoms, as to whether disease or treatment or other factor induced, needs to be established. Objectives: This study was done to assess fatigability, depression, and self-esteem among HNC study group before start, during, and in postradiation period and to find out the determinants of these parameters. Materials and Methods: Seventy newly diagnosed HNC patients and equivalent number of age- and gender-matched controls were interviewed using standardized questionnaires, before start of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). The study group patients were interviewed again in the 4th week and postcompletion of CCRT in the 7th week. Results: Mean age of the study group was 55.1 ± 11.3 years. Three-fourth of them (52 [74.3%]) were males. Majority of them (26 [37.1%]) had oral carcinomas. Baseline fatigue (P < 0.001) and depression scores (P < 0.001) were significantly more, while self-esteem scores (P = 0.004) were significantly less among the study group compared to controls before the onset of radiation. Mean fatigue and depression scores were found to significantly increase (P < 0.001), while self-esteem scores were found to significantly deteriorate (P < 0.001) over the course of CCRT among these patients. There was significant positive correlation (P < 0.001) between fatigue and depression scores and negative correlation (P < 0.001) of these parameters with self-esteem scores before, during, and after CCRT. There was no association between age and gender of the study group with any of these parameters. Multivariate analysis showed that baseline fatigue was significant (P < 0.001) and, depression after completion of the entire course of CCRT was significantly influenced by baseline depression levels (P = 0.011). Conclusions: Fatigue and depression need to be periodically screened among HNC study group on CCRT so as to initiate prompt remedial measures for its alleviation

16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(1): 143-150, jan.-fev. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-989356

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to relate the serum concentration IL-6, IGF-1, leptin and estrogen in non-castrated bitches with or without overweight and early stage mammary carcinomas. Forty-three bitches were divided into four groups, two groups without mammary carcinomas with and without overweight, and two groups with mammary carcinomas with and without overweight. Overweight bitches, with or without mammary carcinomas, were statistically different from bitches by ideal weight, in relation to ECC, IMCC and body fat percentages (P< 0.0001). There was a positive correlation between ECC and IMCC (P< 0.0001), ECC and % GC (P< 0.0001), and IMCC and % GC (P< 0.0001). A positive correlation was found between serum leptin and IL-6 (P= 0.0451) and leptin and IGF-1 (P= 0.05). A positive correlation (P= 0.0053) between ECC and leptin was found in the analysis of body evaluation methods and serum concentrations, and a negative correlation between ECC and IL-6 (P= 0.0435). Among the fat percentage and the leptin concentration, there was a positive correlation (P= 0.0016), as found between the IMCC and leptin (P= 0, 0209). In this study, no association was observed between excessive weight and the presence of early stage mammary carcinomas.(AU)


Este estudo teve por objetivo relacionar a concentração sérica de IL-6, IGF-1, leptina e estrógeno, em cadelas não castradas com ou sem excesso de peso, e carcinomas mamários em estágio inicial. Quarenta e três cadelas foram divididas em quatro grupos, sendo dois de cadelas sem carcinomas mamários, com e sem excesso de peso, e dois de cadelas com carcinomas mamários, com e sem excesso de peso. Cadelas com excesso de peso, com ou sem carcinomas mamários, foram estatisticamente diferentes de cadelas em peso ideal, em relação às avaliações corporais de ECC, IMCC e percentual de gordura corpórea (P<0,0001). Foi observada uma correlação positiva entre ECC e IMCC (P<0,0001), ECC e %GC (P<0,0001), e IMCC e %GC (P<0,0001). As análises de estrógeno, leptina, IL-6 e IGF-1 não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas entre os grupos. Demonstrou-se correlação positiva entre as concentrações séricas de leptina e IL-6 (P=0,0451) e leptina e IGF-1 (P=0,05). Encontrou-se correlação positiva entre ECC e leptina (P=0,0053) e negativa entre ECC e IL-6 (P=0,0435). Entre o percentual de gordura e leptina encontrou-se correlação positiva (P=0,0016), assim como entre IMCC e leptina (P=0,0209). Neste estudo, não se observou associação entre excesso de peso e a presença de carcinomas mamários em estadio inicial.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/diagnosis , Leptin/analysis , Dogs/metabolism , Overweight/veterinary , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Interleukin-6
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802036

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe effect of Xiaoai Jiedu formula combined with fluorouracil (5-FU)+epirubicin (EPI)+cyclophosphamide (CTX) (FEC) chemotherapy regimen on immune function, tumor index, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptom scale score and adverse reactions of patients with breast cancer. Method:A total of 60 patients with breast cancer were randomly divided into study group and control group. FEC (CTX 0.6 g·m-2,d1,EPI 100 mg·m-2,d1,5-FU 0.5 g·m-2,d1) regimen was used in study group, and Xiaoai Jiedu formula recipe was used for two consecutive cycles. FEC regimen was used in control group only. After 2 cycles, immunological changes, tumor index, TCM symptom score and adverse reactions were analyzed and compared between two groups. Result:There was not significant difference in immune indexes between two groups before treatment, but statistically significant differences after treatment (PPPPConclusion:Xiaoai Jiedu formula combined with FEC chemotherapy can improve clinical efficacy and alleviate clinical symptoms of patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-841715

ABSTRACT

Objective, To investigate the clinical features, pathological features, treatment methods and prognosis of 5 patients with sarcomatoid carcinoma of throat. Methods, The clinical data of 5 patients with sarcomatoid carcinoma of throat confirmed by pathology were retrospectively analyzed, and the relevant literatures were reviewed. Results, Among 5 patients with sarcomatoid carciroma of throat, 4 patients were male and 1 patient was female, with the onset age from 55 to 77 years old. Among them, 3 patients had a long-term smoking history and 2 patients had a long-term drinking history. The chief complaints of the patients were pharyngeal pain, foreign body sensation in the pharynx, hoarseness and dyspnea, etc. All 5 patients underwent electronic laryngoscope examination, and 1 case presented cauliflower mass, while the other patients presented smooth mass. CT examination was performed in 2 patients, and the mass showed soft tissue density shadow without bone destruction. All 5 patients received surgical treatment, including 2 cases of adjuvant radiotherapy after operation and 1 case of chemotherapy after operation. The postoperative histopathological examination and immunohistochemical staining results showed that the diagnosis of 5 patients was sarcomatoid carcinoma. The postoperative follow-up time was 1-36 months, and the follow-up rate was 100%, among 5 patients, 1 case survived and 4 cases died. Conclusion: Sarcomatoid carcinoma of throat has no specifically clinical characteristics, and mainly present polypoid growth and is easy to be misdiagnosed. Its malignant degree is higher than that of squamous cell carcinoma, and it is easy to relapse and metastasis in the late stage. Its prognosis is poor, the diagnosis depends on the pathological examination, and surgical resection is preferred.

19.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 8(1): 156, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1023831

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso de mujer postmenopáusica, goajira, sin criterios de riesgo para adenocarcinoma del endometrio, que mediante el legrado uterino por aspiración de piometra se diagnosticó un carcinoma pavimentoso primitivo epitelial del endometrio (CPPEE), por llenar algunos criterios: no invasión al cuello, ni extensión de uno cervical al endometrio, ni la presencia de queratinización de la superficie endometrial y/o puentes intercelulares. No hubo evidencia de presencia de virus de papiloma humano (VPH). Después de la histerectomía se encontró que sí existía un tumor endometrial grado III, estadio IB. compuesto por elementos glandulares y tejido escamoso en ciertas áreas. Tampoco existían criterios para un diagnóstico de ictiosis uterina, infiltrante, sin componente velloso, Hubo confusión en el diagnóstico inicial. La rareza del CPPEE, menos de 100 casos reportados en el mundo, condujo al análisis con varios patólogos. Se concluye que para obtener el diagnóstico correcto, deben llenarse los criterios de Flumman y de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, excluir infección del tracto genital por VPH, los estudios de inmunohistoquímica deben ser positivos para queratinas y carecer de receptores para estrógenos y progesterona. El legrado o la biopsia no son confiables para el diagnóstico. Además de la evaluación histológica y del estadio clínico, el estudio de toda la pieza quirúrgica es fundamental para emitir pronóstico(AU)


A goajira menopausal woman, with no risk criteria for endometrial adenocarcinoma, was diagnosed through uterine curettage by aspiration of pyometra as primary squamous carcinoma of the endometrium (CPPEE) to meet following criteria: no invasion of the cervix, no extension of the cervical to the endometrium, absence of keratinization of the endometrial surface and intercellular bridges. There was no evidence of human papillomavirus. After the hysterectomy, there was an endometrial tumor composed of glandular elements and squamous tissue in areas, without filling the elements for diagnosis of ichthyosis uteri, infiltrating, without vellous component, grade III and stage IB. There was confusion in the initial diagnosis. The rarity of the CPPEE, less than 100 cases in the world, led to the analysis with several pathologists. It is concluded that in order to obtain the correct diagnosis, it must meet the criteria of Flumman and WHO, exclude infection of the genital tract by HPV, immunohistochemical studies must be positive for keratins and lack estrogen and progesterone receptors. The curettage or the biopsy are not reliable and the study of the whole surgical part is fundamental. In order to establish a prognosis, an accurate diagnosis must be made(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Carcinoma/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Endometrial Neoplasms , Biopsy , Hysterectomy , Ichthyosis
20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-196203

ABSTRACT

Background: Mucins may show aberrant expression, localization, and/or glycosylation in multiple malignancies. However, information regarding expression of these mucins is mostly unknown in urothelial tumors. Aim: This study was conducted for examining the expressions of membrane associated and secreted mucin (MUC1) and a secreted gel-forming mucin (MUC2) in urothelial tumors of the urinary bladder. Subjects and Methods: Archival transurethral resection materials of 97 urothelial carcinoma cases were reexamined light microscopically and graded according to the 2004 WHO Classification. Pathological stage was given as pTa, pT1, and pT2. Demonstrative sections were recut for immunohistochemistry for MUC1 and MUC2. The results were statistically analyzed, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The positivity for MUC1 and MUC2 was 89.7% and 44.3%, respectively. Independent from pathological stage of the tumor, MUC1 expression showed statistically significant correlation with tumor grade (P < 0.05). We did not find any correlation between pathological stage and MUC1 and MUC2 expression (P > 0.05). MUC1 staining pattern in papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential cases was more commonly apical and superficial (luminal cell layer only). Intermediate cells ± basal cells or isolated cells or islands of tumor cells with cytoplasmic and/or circumferential membrane positivity for MUC1 and MUC2 were more commonly observed in both low- and high-grade carcinomas. The difference between groups in terms of MUC1 and MUC2 staining was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The staining patterns of both mucins are different between urothelial papillary tumors and may be used to make a differentiation, especially for low-grade papillary urothelial lesions. This difference may also be important in the carcinomatous transformation of urothelial neoplastic and preneoplastic lesions.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL