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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(6): 708-717, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405209

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Sudden cardiac death is the main lethal mechanism associated with Chagas cardiomyopathy. Studies suggest that dysautonomia may represent a relevant, intense, independent, and early phenomenon in the natural history of the disease, even when ventricular systolic function is preserved, and may also be the mechanism that triggers malignant ventricular arrhythmias. Objective To evaluate the degree of dysautonomia and its possible association with ventricular arrhythmias in patients with Chagas cardiomyopathy, according to different categories of mortality risk, as defined by the score proposed by Rassi, used as a surrogate outcome for death. Methods A cross-sectional study involving 43 patients with Chagas cardiomyopathy stratified into risk categories based on the Rassi score, with 23 being classified as low risk and 20 as intermediate-to-high risk. Heart rate variability (HRV) was assessed using Holter monitoring for long-term recordings of 24 hours (time domain) and for short-term recordings of 5 minutes (frequency domain) at rest and after autonomic tests: deep breathing and Valsalva maneuver. The HRV variables were compared between the groups using the Student's t-test and α=0.05. Results Comparison of the results between the risk stratification groups showed no differences in HRV indexes, either in the time or frequency domain. However, results showed a significant increase in the number of arrhythmias as a function of increased risk (p=0.02). Conclusion There was no association between the degree of dysautonomia, evaluated by Holter monitoring, and the categories of mortality risk, despite a direct association between the rate of arrhythmias and the higher risk group.

3.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(6): 760-769, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405221

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Frailty is a biological syndrome suggested as a better predictor of morbimortality than chronological age. Objective To assess associations between frailty and morbimortality outcomes in postoperative cardiac surgery. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted with cardiac surgery patients. Frailty and maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) were assessed before surgery. Postoperative outcomes were: extracorporeal circulation time; use of vasopressor; mean arterial pressure (MAP); red blood cell (RBC) transfusion; cardiac arrhythmia and/or heart arrest; presence of intra-aortic balloon pump; antibiotic use; extubation time; length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU); length of postoperative stay; mortality. One-way ANOVA was used to compare postoperative variables between frailty categories; Spearman was used to evaluate the correlations between frailty and postoperative variables. Age, sex, and MIP were introduced into multiple regression models to find the independent association between postoperative variables and frailty. A significance level of p < 0.05 was adopted. Results The medical records of 200 patients were analyzed (65.7±7.2 years; 68.5% men; 63.5% non-frail, 22.5% pre-frail, 14% frail). Frailty was not a predictor of postoperative outcomes. Age was an independent predictor for alterations in MAP (PR: 1.028, 95% CI: 1.003-1.053, p=0.025), need for RBC transfusion (PR: 1.034, 95% CI: 1.007-1.062, p=0.014), longer extubation time (PR: 1.052, 95% CI: 1.023-1.083, p<0.001), length of stay in the ICU (ß: 0.031, 95% CI: 0.010-0.053, p=0.005), length of postoperative stay (ß: 0.017, 95% CI: 0.003-0.031, p=0.015). Conclusions Frailty was not a predictor of morbimortality following cardiac surgery in middle-aged and older adults; however, age did predict morbidities in this setting.

4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(6): 866-874, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407310

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Acyanotic congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) are prone to postoperative complications, and characterization of the risk profile continues to fail in identifying inflammatory predilection. Our objective is to investigate the role of platelet-leukocyte indices (neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio [NLR], platelet-lymphocyte ratio [PLR], and systemic immune-inflammation index [SII] [neutrophil × platelet/lymphocyte]) in predicting poor outcomes following cardiac surgery in ACHD cohort with preoperative PH. Methods: This single-center, retrospective risk-predictive study included ACHD patients undergoing surgical correction at our tertiary cardiac center between January 2015 and December 2019. Standard institutional perioperative management protocol was followed, and poor postoperative outcome was defined as ≥ 1 of: low cardiac output syndrome, new-onset renal failure, prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV > 24 hours), stroke, sepsis, and/or death. Results: One hundred eighty patients out of 1,040 (17.3%) presented poor outcome. On univariate analysis, preoperative factors including right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) (PH-severity marker), congestive heart failure, albumin, NLR, PLR, SII, and aortic cross-clamping (ACC) and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) times predicted poor outcome. However, on multivariate analysis, RVSP, NLR, SII, and ACC and CPB times emerged as independent predictors. An NLR, SII prognostic cutoff of 3.33 and 860.6×103/mm3 was derived (sensitivity: 77.8%, 78.9%; specificity: 91.7%, 82.2%; area under the curve: 0.871, 0.833). NLR and SII values significantly correlated with postoperative MV duration, mean vasoactive-inotropic scores, and length of intensive care unit and hospital stay (P<0.001). Conclusion: Novel parsimonious, reproducible plateletleukocyte indices present the potential of stratifying the risk in congenital cardiac surgical patients with pre-existing PH.

5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(6): 820-828, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407322

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: We aimed to evaluate the use of social media among cardiovascular surgery specialists and their respective perspectives. Methods: In total, 173 cardiovascular surgeons were reached through an online survey. The surgeons surveyed were cardiovascular surgery specialists. The questionnaire consisted of 33 questions, including closed-ended and open-ended questions about social media. Results: We found that 73.4% of the participants think that social media facilitates the communication of the patient with the doctor, and 87.9% think that social media increases the publicity of the physician. Furthermore, 80.9% of the participants believe that informing through social media creates information pollution. We found that personal use of Instagram was more common in state hospital cardiac surgeons. The number of patients who contacted surgeons in private hospital for surgery via social media were found to be statistically significant, and it was found that this group benefitted more economically. Conclusion: Social media usage rates of cardiovascular surgeons were found to be high. On the other hand, it was observed that the rate of surgeons who share medical content is low. However, half the cardiovascular surgeons who participated in the study believe that their colleagues do not fully comply with the ethical rules in medical sharing.

6.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 50(4): e300, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407950

ABSTRACT

Abstract The erector spinae plane (ESP) block is an interfascial block described in 2016 by Forero and collaborators, with wide clinical uses and benefits when it comes to analgesic control in different surgeries. This block consists of the application of local anesthetic (LA) in a deep plane over the transverse process, anterior to the erector spinae muscle in the anatomical site where dorsal and ventral branches of the spinal nerve roots are located. This review will cover its clinical uses according to different surgical models, the existing evidence and complications described to date.


Resumen El bloqueo del plano del músculo erector de la espina (ESP, por sus siglas en inglés) es un bloqueo interfascial descrito en 2016 por Forero y colaboradores, con amplios usos clínicos y beneficios en relación con el control analgésico de diferentes modelos quirúrgicos. Este consiste en la aplicación de anestésico local (AL) en un plano profundo sobre apófisis transversa anterior al músculo erector de la espina, sitio anatómico donde se encuentra la bifurcación de los ramos dorsal y ventral de las raíces nerviosas espinales. En esta revisión, se expondrán los usos clínicos según diferentes modelos quirúrgicos, la evidencia que existe de ellos y las complicaciones descritas hasta la actualidad.

7.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(6): 762-766, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410232

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The impact of ventricular arrhythmias with impaired cardiac vagal activity is one of the most recently studied prognostic factors. However, there are no studies evaluating the phenomenon of heart rate turbulence (HRT) during physical exertion. OBJECTIVE: To study the behavior of HRT during exercise testing, among individuals after myocardial infarction. DESIGN AND SETTING: Feasibility study conducted in a university hospital among individuals 4-6 weeks after myocardial infarction. METHODS: All subjects underwent 24-hour Holter monitoring and ergometric stress testing. We considered that abnormal HRT was present if the turbulence onset was ≥ 0% or turbulence slope was ≤ 2.5 mm/relative risk interval. RESULTS: All 32 subjects were asymptomatic. Their median age was 58 years (interquartile range 12.8) and 70% were male. Abnormal HRT was associated with ventricular dysfunction in this population. We found no differences regarding the behavior of HRT, in relation to age, gender, smoking, systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus or dyslipidemia. Ergometric stress testing detected premature ventricular beats (PVB) in approximately 44% of the examinations, and these occurred both during the active phase of effort and in the recovery period. The low occurrence of several isolated PVB in beta-blocked subjects made it difficult to perform statistical analysis to correlate HRT between ergometric and Holter testing. CONCLUSION: The data obtained in this study do not support performing HRT through ergometric stress testing among patients who remain on beta-blockers post-myocardial infarction, for the purpose of assessing cardiac vagal activity.

8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(11): 1571-1575, Nov. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406590

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Premature ventricular contraction is generally known as benign in the absence of structural heart disease; however, premature ventricular contraction-induced left ventricular systolic dysfunction or ventricular arrhythmias are defined in some cases. Ventricular repolarization duration differs between myocardial cells, which causes myocardial electrical heterogeneity and is thought to be responsible for ventricular arrhythmias. In our study, we aimed to evaluate the association of ventricular repolarization parameters including Tp-Te interval, Tp-Te/QT ratio, and QRS-T angle with premature ventricular contraction frequency in patients with premature ventricular contraction burden. METHODS: A total of 80 subjects who were admitted to our cardiology department and underwent 24-h electrocardiography Holter monitoring were included. Patients were divided into two groups: group 1 is defined as premature ventricular contraction burden that had frequent premature ventricular contraction ≥1% in 24-h Holter monitoring, and group 2 is defined as rare premature ventricular contraction <1% in 24-h Holter monitoring. RESULTS: Tp-Te interval and Tp-Te/QT ratio are statistically significantly prolonged in the premature ventricular contraction burden group than in the control group (85.3±13.9 vs. 65.7±11.9, p<0.001; 0.19±0.03 vs. 0.15±0.02, p<0.001, respectively). QRS-T angle was statistically significantly abnormal in the premature ventricular contraction burden group (p=0.024). CONCLUSION: Increased Tp-Te interval and widened QRS-T angle are associated with ventricular arrhythmias and might be used for the prediction of premature ventricular contraction burden in patients with premature ventricular contraction in electrocardiography in the absence of 24-h Holter monitoring.

9.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(294): 8954-8969, nov.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1402600

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Identificar o perfil dos pacientes submetidos à inserção de dispositivos cardíacos eletrônicos implantáveis em um hospital de referência do Rio Grande do Norte.Método:Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, exploratório, retrospectivo dos últimos 03 anoscom abordagem quantitativa. Amostragem foiselecionada por conveniência. A coleta de dados ocorreu entre outubrode 2017 a março de 2018.Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 215prontuários,destes 182 foram analisados.Implantarammarca-passos63,7% e 28% cardiodesfibriladores, corresponderam ao sexo masculino69,3%,com média de idade 65 e 49.Entre as comorbidades,a Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmicaabrangeu 87,4%.Evidenciaram-se os bloqueios atrioventriculares como principal causa para implantes (35%), seguidos das miocardiopatias (12%).Conclusão:Percebeu-se que, os indivíduos que implantaram marcapassos eram acometidos por bradiarritmias,enquanto cardiodesfibriladores por taquiarritmias. As complicações pós-operatórias e intercorrências durante o procedimento foram de baixo risco. Salienta-se, que no manejo desses usuários é fundamental a elaboração de um protocolo, visando aperfeiçoar o cuidado.(AU)


Objective: Toidentifytheprofileofpatientsundergoinginsertionof implantable electroniccardiacdevices in a reference hospital in Rio Grande do Norte. Method: Thisis a descriptive, exploratory,retrospective studyofthelastthreeyearswith a quantitativeapproach. Samplingwasselectedby convenience. Data collectionoccurredbetweenOctober 2017 to March 2018. Results: Samplecomposedof 215 medical records, ofthese 182 wereanalyzed. Implantedpacemakers 63.7% and 28% cardiodesfibrillators, corresponded tothe male gender 69.3%, withaverageage 65 and 49. Amongthecomorbidities, Systemic Arterial Hypertensioncovered 87.4%. Theatrioventricular blocks wereevidenced as themain cause forimplantation (35%), followedbymyocardiopathies (12%). Conclusion: Itwasnoticedthatindividualswhoimplantedpacemakerswereaffectedbybradyarrhythmias, whilecardioverter-defibrillatorswereaffe ctedbytachyarrhythmias. Thepostoperativecomplications and complicationsduringtheprocedurewerelowrisk. Itisemphasizedthat in themanagementoftheseusersitisessentialtodevelop a protocol, aimingtoimprove care.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar el perfil de los pacientes sometidos a la inserción de dispositivos cardíacos electrónicos implantables en el hospital de referencia de Rio Grande do Norte. Método: se trata de un estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, retrospectivo de los últimos 3 años con enfoque cuantitativo. El muestreo fue seleccionado por conveniencia. La recolección de datos se llevó a cabo entre octubre de 2017 y marzo de 2018. Resultados: muestra compuesta por 215 historias clínicas, de las cuales se analizaron 182. Marcapasos implantados 63,7% y desfibriladores cardioversores 28%, correspondieron al sexo masculino 69,3%, con una edad media de 65 y 49 años. Entre las comorbilidades, la Hipertensión Arterial Sistémica cubrió el 87,4%. Los bloqueos auriculoventriculares se evidenciaron como la principal causa de implantes (35%), seguida de las miocardiopatías (12%). Conclusión: se notó que, los portadores de marcapasos se vieron afectados por bradiarritmias, mientras que los desfibriladores cardioversores por taquiarritmias. Las complicaciones postoperatorias y las complicaciones durante el procedimiento fueron de bajo riesgo. Cabe señalar que en el manejo de estos usuarios es fundamental la elaboración de un protocolo, con el fin de mejorar la atención.(AU)


Subject(s)
Pacemaker, Artificial , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Cardiology , Defibrillators, Implantable
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 119(5): 689-690, nov. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403378
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(5): 690-695, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405186

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment for patients with heart failure. Objective: To evaluate the response of CRT in maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and exercise tolerance as determined by the six-minute walk test (6MWT) in patients with HF. Methods: This study used the 6MWT and Manovacuometer to assess functional capacity in relation to activities of daily living, in which fatigue and dyspnea are common. Results: After six months of CRT, this study identified improvements in the 6MWT, p<0.05; MIP, p=0.01; and PEF, p=0.03. Conclusion: After CRT, this study showed a significant improvement in MIP, PEF, and exercise tolerance. However, further studies are warranted to demonstrate the relevance of these findings.

14.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(5): 596-606, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405195

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Participating in therapeutic operative groups with nutritional and psychological interventions might influence the recovery of patients in cardiopulmonary rehabilitation programs. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of group interventions on the nutritional profile, stress, and quality of life of patients in cardiopulmonary rehabilitation. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, adult patients of the Cardiopulmonary and Metabolic Rehabilitation (CPMR) unit were randomized into control group (CG), receiving standard follow-up assessment by the CPMR unit, and intervention group (IG), which additionally participated in 6 meetings of an interdisciplinary group with a nutritionist and a psychologist. Anthropometric data and results from a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), Lipp's Inventory of Stress Symptoms for Adults (ISSL), and the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) were analyzed. Student's t-tests, Generalized Estimation Equations (GEE), Mann-Whitney tests, and Bonferroni tests were used for statistical analyses, with a significance level of 5%. Results: The sample consisted of 76 patients: 31 in the IG (64±9.2 years old) and 45 in the CG (61.4±11.8 years old). There was a significant reduction (p<0.001) in weight, body mass index, and waist circumference, and an increase (p=0.010) in the consumption of healthy food only in the IG. The consumption of unhealthy food was reduced in both groups (p<0.001), the physical aspect of quality of life improved (p=0.018), and women presented better physical (p=0.011) and mental results (p=0.008). Conclusions: This group intervention was effective regarding the nutritional status of patients in cardiopulmonary rehabilitation. The physical aspect of quality of life showed improvements in both groups.

15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(10): 1394-1399, Oct. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406548

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiac abnormalities. METHODS: Patients with Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease who attended an outpatient clinic in Southern Brazil were prospectively evaluated. Patients should be older than 18 years and have steatosis. RESULTS: A total of 174 patients were evaluated. The mean age was 63±12 years, 65% were women, 71% white, 82.2% hypertensive, 52.3% diabetic, 56.3% obese, and 30% dyslipidemic. There was no association between Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiac abnormalities, even after adjusting for age, sex, and metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: The present study did not show a direct correlation between Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiac abnormalities, regardless of metabolic syndrome.

16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(10): 1441-1446, Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406553

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The main objectives of this investigation were to determine whether there were any relationships between corrected cardiac-electrophysiological balance value and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores at admission and discharge in patients with acute ischemic stroke and to assess whether cardiac-electrophysiological balance value was an independent predictor of high National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score ≥5). METHODS: In this retrospective and observational study, 231 consecutive adult patients with acute ischemic stroke were evaluated. The cardiac-electrophysiological balance value was obtained by dividing the corrected QT interval by the QRS duration measured from surface electrocardiography. An experienced neurologist used the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score to determine the severity of the stroke at the time of admission and before discharge from the neurology care unit. The participants in the study were categorized into two groups: those with minor acute ischemic stroke (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score=1-4) and those with moderate-to-severe acute ischemic stroke (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores ≥5). RESULTS: Acute ischemic stroke patients with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score ≥5 had higher heart rate, QT, corrected QT interval, T-peak to T-end corrected QT interval, cardiac-electrophysiological balance, and cardiac-electrophysiological balance values compared with those with an National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score of 1-4. The cardiac-electrophysiological balance value was shown to be independently related to National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores ≥5 (OR 1.102, 95%CI 1.036-1.172, p<0.001). There was a moderate correlation between cardiac-electrophysiological balance and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores at admission (r=0.333, p<0.001) and discharge (r=0.329, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study demonstrated that the cardiac-electrophysiological balance value was related to National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores at admission and discharge. Furthermore, an elevated cardiac-electrophysiological balance value was found to be an independent predictor of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score ≥5.

17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(10): 1470-1475, Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406565

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationship between thoracic diameters and chest compression-related thoracoabdominal injury in patients with non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who had a return of spontaneous circulation after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. METHODS: A total of 63 consecutive adult non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients were enrolled in this prospective study. Computed tomography was performed on each patient and the anteroposterior diameter, skin-to-skin anteroposterior diameter, and transverse diameter of the chest were measured. Patients were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation-related thoracoabdominal injury. Age, sex, and duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, anteroposterior diameter, skin-to-skin anteroposterior diameter, and transverse diameter were compared between the groups. The primary outcome was the relationship between thoracic diameters and cardiopulmonary resuscitation-induced thoracoabdominal injuries. RESULTS: Thoracoabdominal injuries were detected in 46% (n=29) of the patients and consisted of rib fractures in 22 (34.9%) patients, pulmonary contusion in 7 (11.1%), and sternal fracture in 3 (4.8%) patients. There were no significant differences in cardiopulmonary resuscitation duration between patients with and without thoracoabdominal injuries (p=0.539). Similarly, there were no significant differences in anteroposterior diameter, skin-to-skin anteroposterior diameter, or transverse diameter between patient groups (p=0.978, p=0.730, and p=0.146, respectively) or between patients who died within the first 28 days and those who survived for longer than 28 days (p=0.488, p=0.878, and p=0.853, respectively). CONCLUSION: The iatrogenic thoracoabdominal injuries caused by cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed according to the cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines were independent of thoracic diameters. Therefore, the cardiac compression depth of 5-6 cm recommended by the current cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines is reliable for patients with different thoracic diameters.

18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(5): 613-621, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407295

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) is a powerful predictor of perioperative outcomes. We evaluated the burden of CSA-AKI in patients with preserved baseline renal function. Methods: The data of 2,162 adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery from January 2005 to December 2020 were analyzed. Logistic regression models were used to determine predictors of CSA-AKI and their associations with hospital mortality up to 30 days. Results: The prevalence of acute kidney injury was 43.0%, and 2.0% of patients required renal replacement therapy. Hospital mortality rate was 5.6% (non-acute kidney injury = 2.0% vs. CSA-AKI = 10.4%, P<0.001), and any degree of CSA-AKI was associated with a significant increase in death rates (stage 1 = 4.3%, stage 2 = 23.9%, stage 3 = 59.7%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified age, obesity, left ventricular dysfunction, previous cardiac surgery, and cardiopulmonary bypass duration as predictors of CSA-AKI. Moreover, CSA-AKI was confirmed as independent predictor of hospital mortality for stage 1 (odds ratio, 2.02; 95% confidence interval, 1.16 to 3.51; P=0.013), stage 2 (odds ratio, 9.18; 95% confidence interval, 4.54 to 18.58; P<0.001), and stage 3 (odds ratio, 37.72; 95% confidence interval, 18.87 to 75.40; P<0.001) patients. Conclusion: Age, obesity, left ventricular dysfunction, previous cardiac surgery, and cardiopulmonary bypass duration are independent predictors of CSA-AKI in patients with preserved baseline renal function. The development of CSA-AKI is significantly associated with worse outcomes, and there is a dose-response relationship between acute kidney injury stages and hospital mortality.

19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(5): 702-709, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407297

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: There is not enough data in the literature regarding the safety and efficiency of del Nido cardioplegia in patients with prolonged cross-clamping time. This study aims to determine the efficacy and safety of del Nido cardioplegia compared to cold blood cardioplegia in patients with prolonged aortic cross-clamping time. Methods: In this retrospective study, patients with an aortic cross-clamping time ≥ 90 minutes were included. One hundred consecutive adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery using del Nido cardioplegia comprised the study group, and 100 consecutive adult patients undergoing cardiac surgical procedures using cold blood cardioplegia comprised the control group. Propensity score matching yielded 88 del Nido cardioplegia and 88 cold blood cardioplegia patients. Results: There were no significant differences when comparing the matched groups regarding the requirement for intraoperative defibrillation, postoperative peak troponin T levels, inotropic support, intra-aortic balloon pump requirement, and left ventricular ejection fraction at discharge and on the sixth postoperative month; also, there were no significant differences when comparing cardiopulmonary bypass time and total operation time. Mean cross-clamping time was significantly shorter in the del Nido group (P<0.001). Conclusion: Del Nido cardioplegia may be a safe alternative to cold blood cardioplegia in adults undergoing cardiac surgical procedures with prolonged aortic cross-clamping time.

20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(5): 680-687, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407300

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Custodiol (histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate) and repetitive blood cardioplegia are the solutions for myocardial protection and cardiac arrest. In this study, we aimed to compare immunohistochemical analysis, clinical outcomes, and cardiac enzyme values of Custodiol and blood cardioplegia groups. Methods: This was a randomized prospective study consisting of 2 groups and 20 patients, 10 patients for each group, who underwent mitral and mitral/tricuspid valve surgery. Group 1 was formed for Custodiol cardioplegia and group 2 for blood cardioplegia. Perioperative and postoperative cardiac events were recorded, cardiac enzymes were analyzed with intervals, and myocardial samples were taken for immunohistochemical analysis. Recorded data were statistically evaluated. Results: There was no significant difference for the Custodiol and blood cardioplegia groups in perioperative and postoperative cardiac performance and adverse events. Cardiac enzyme analysis showed no significant difference between groups. However, two parameters (eNOS, Bcl-2) were in favor of the Custodiol group in immunohistochemical studies. Custodiol performed better in cellular oxidative stress resistance and cellular viability. Conclusion: Clinical outcomes and cardiac enzyme analysis results were similar regarding myocardial protection. However, Custodiol performed better in the immunohistochemical analysis.

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