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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(1): 80-87, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365532

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective/Introduction: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a non-invasive technique to detect cerebral ischemia by monitoring changes in regional cerebral oxygenation (rSO2) in the frontal lobes. However, there are no studies showing the changes in NIRS values in response to hemodynamic variations during stages of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) procedure and clinical implications of these changes. The aim of this study was to determine if hemodynamic changes affect NIRS values during carotid endarterectomy and if our results may help to provide strategies for hemodynamic management in these patients. Methods: A total of 50 consecutive patients undergoing CEA were prospectively included in the study. NIRS was measured at first minute after clamping of carotid artery, and then systolic blood pressure was increased above 150 mmHg. NIRS values from both hemispheres were recorded simultaneously at certain time points and were analyzed to evaluate the changes at different stages of operation and to assess correlations with hemodynamic parameters. Results: NIRS values on the right and left sides were correlated with systolic (right P<0.001, R2:0.24; left P=0.02, R2:0.10) diastolic (right P<0.001, R2:0.36; left P=0.001, R2:0.18) and mean (right P<0.001, R2:0.33; left P=0.003, R2:0.17) blood pressures when the patient was under general anaesthesia. NIRS values were significantly lower than pre-incision values just after clamping of carotid artery in both hemispheres (P=0.005 for the right and P<0.001 for the left side). Conclusion: NIRS values measured in our study show that there is a correlation between hemodynamic changes and cerebral oxygenation. This effect is especially pronounced while the patient is asleep and intubated, which implies the importance of close monitoring of patients with carotid disease during any surgery requiring general anaesthesia.

2.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(3): e158, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156377

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad carotídea es una de las formas de presentación de la enfermedad cerebrovascular, que se encuentra entre las principales causas de morbi-mortalidad y de invalidez en el mundo. La endarterectomía carotídea resulta el tratamiento quirúrgico por excelencia. Objetivo: Caracterizar las complicaciones posoperatorias en la fase temprana de la endarterctomia carotídea en un período de cinco años. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo de corte transversal en 35 pacientes ingresados en el Instituto de Angiología, que fueron operados mediante endarterectomía carotídea por presentar enfermedad carotídea. Se analizaron las variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y quirúrgicas. Se utilizó la estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: Hubo un predominio del sexo masculino (72,2 por ciento) y de los mayores de 60 años. Las comorbilidades más frecuentes fueron la hipertensión arterial (94,4 por ciento), el tabaquismo (77,8 por ciento) y la enfermedad arterial periférica (61,1 por ciento). El 50 por ciento de todos los pacientes presentó complicaciones en la fase temprana de la cirugía sin mortalidad; la más frecuente resultó el hematoma de la herida (44,4 por ciento), que estuvo presente en el 50 por ciento de las endarterectomías convencionales. Los operados con anestesia general presentaron mayor número de complicaciones, excepto el hematoma, que se observó más en el empleo de anestesia loco-regional. El ictus posoperatorio ocurrió en pacientes con anestesia general. Conclusiones: Las características de las complicaciones posoperatorias en la fase temprana de la endarterectomía carotídea identificadas se asociaron con los tipos de endarterectomía y anestesia, y las comorbilidades(AU)


Introduction: Carotid disease is one of the onset manifestations of cerebrovascular disease, which is among the main causes of morbidity, mortality and disability worldwide. Carotid endarterectomy is the gold standard surgical treatment. Objective: To characterize postoperative complications in the early phase of carotid endarterectomy. Methods: A descriptive and retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out with 35 patients admitted to the Institute of Angiology and who underwent carotid endarterectomy due to carotid disease. Sociodemographic, clinical and surgical variables were analyzed. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used. Results: There was a predominance of males (72.2 perecnt) and of patients aged more than 60 years. The most frequent comorbidities were arterial hypertension (94.4 percent), smoking (77.8 percent), and peripheral arterial disease (61.1 percent). 50 percent of all patients presented complications in the early phase of surgery and without mortality; the most frequent was wound hematoma (44.4 percent), accounting for 50 percent of conventional endarterectomies. Those operated on with general anesthesia presented a greater number of complications, except for hematoma, observed more in the use of local-regional anesthesia. Postoperative stroke occurred in patients under general anesthesia. Conclusions: The characteristics of postoperative complications identified in the early phase of carotid endarterectomy were associated with the types of endarterectomy, anesthesia, and comorbidities(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Stroke , Peripheral Arterial Disease
3.
J. vasc. bras ; 19: e20190027, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091015

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto A espectroscopia próxima ao infravermelho (NIRS) é uma técnica não invasiva que detecta as alterações hemodinâmicas teciduais. A NIRS pode monitorar de forma contínua as informações fisiológicas vasculares intracranianas. Por ser portátil, ela pode ser utilizada à beira do leito e no centro cirúrgico. Objetivos Avaliar as possíveis alterações hemodinâmicas cerebrais durante a endarterectomia em pacientes com estenoses maiores que 70% utilizando NIRS. Métodos Foram avaliados 10 voluntários portadores de doença carotídea aterosclerótica com indicação de endarterectomia. Após a seleção dos pacientes, que responderam um questionário com dados epidemiológicos e informações referentes à presença de comorbidades, a doença foi confirmada por métodos diagnósticos. No procedimento cirúrgico, utilizou-se a NIRS para monitorização. Foram avaliadas as variáveis saturação de oxigênio (SatO2), hemoglobina total (HbT), hemoglobina reduzida (HbR) e hemoglobina oxigenada (HbO) nos três tempos cirúrgicos pré-, trans e pós-clampeamento carotídeo. Utilizou-se p < 0,05 como nível de significância. Resultados A avaliação dos resultados obtidos por meio das medidas registradas pela NIRS permite afirmar que HbR e SatO2 variam ao longo das etapas da cirurgia. Durante o clampeamento, a variável HbR mostra valores mais elevados que nas outras duas etapas da cirurgia. Por outro lado, a variável SatO2 mostra redução durante o clampeamento. Conclusões A NIRS é um método viável e aplicável de monitorização intracerebral, não invasivo e em tempo real, durante a endarterectomia carotídea, capaz de medir de forma precisa as mudanças das condições hemodinâmicas capilares intracerebrais.


Abstract Backgrounds Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is non-invasive technique that detects hemodynamic alterations in tissues. It enables continuous monitoring of intracerebral vascular physiologic information. Due to its portable nature, NIRS may be used bedside or in the operating room. Objectives To evaluate use of NIRS for intraoperative monitoring of the brain hemodynamic response, during carotid endarterectomy. Methods 10 patients with atherosclerotic carotid disease scheduled for endarterectomy were evaluated. After patients had been selected, they answered a questionnaire on epidemiological data and information about comorbidities and then carotid disease was confirmed with diagnostic methods. NRIS monitoring was used during the surgical procedure. The variables analyzed before, during and after carotid clamping were oxygen saturation (SatO2), total hemoglobin (THb), reduced hemoglobin (RHb), and oxyhemoglobin (OHb). A p value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The results obtained from NIRS show that RHb and SatO2 vary during the different stages of surgery. RHb levels are higher during clamping, when compared with the other two surgical stages. On the other hand, SatO2 is lower during clamping. Conclusions During carotid endarterectomy, NIRS is a feasible, real-time, and non-invasive intracranial monitoring method that accurately and reliably measures the changes in intracerebral capillary hemodynamic conditions.

4.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 46-49, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798978

ABSTRACT

The patient was a middle-aged male with the recurrent transient ischemic attack caused by carotid web, and the common symptoms include recurrent left limb weakness and numbness. According to the results of the CT angiography, the digital substraction angiography, the magnetic resonance angiography and the colour-Doppler ultrasound of the neck, the patient was considered with carotid artery web. After conventional medical treatment such as anti-platelet aggregation, lipid regulation and improvement of cerebral circulation, the patient′s symptoms did not improve significantly. Later, the patient underwent carotid endarterectomy. The pathological examination results of the tissue from the surgery confirmed the patient with carotid artery web. Moreover, after surgery, the patient did not experience transient ischemic attack any more.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855931

ABSTRACT

Ultrasonography revealed that a ease of acute internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion caused by acute thrombosis due to severe stenosis and intraplaque hemorrhage. The patient is male and 81 years old with blurred vision in the right eye. Carotid artery ultrasound ( CDU) showed that severe stenosis of right proximal ICA, the discontinuous fibrous cap at the top of atherosclerotic plaques, and intraplaque hemorrhage. Besides, the blood flow of the right distal ICA disappeared suddenly during the examination. Therefore, ICA occlusion caused by acute thrombosis was detected by CDU. The patient was followed-up day by day using ultrasonography and treated with dual antiplatelet therapy. Three days later, CDU showed that the right ICA was re-open but still accompanied by severe stenosis. The patient was treated by carotid endarterectomy for revascularization after six days of admission. According to this process of diagnosis and treatment, carotid ultrasound provides an important clinical role for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of acute thrombosis with carotid artery stenosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 46-49, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870763

ABSTRACT

The patient was a middle-aged male with the recurrent transient ischemic attack caused by carotid web,and the common symptoms include recurrent left limb weakness and numbness.According to the results of the CT angiography,the digital substraction angiography,the magnetic resonance angiography and the colour-Doppler ultrasound of the neck,the patient was considered with carotid artery web.After conventional medical treatment such as anti-platelet aggregation,lipid regulation and improvement of cerebral circulation,the patient's symptoms did not improve significantly.Later,the patient underwent carotid endarterectomy.The pathological examination results of the tissue from the surgery confirmed the patient with carotid artery web.Moreover,after surgery,the patient did not experience transient ischemic attack any more.

7.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 330-342, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811367

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is insufficient evidence regarding the optimal treatment for asymptomatic carotid stenosis.METHODS: Bayesian cross-design and network meta-analyses were performed to compare the safety and efficacy among carotid artery stenting (CAS), carotid endarterectomy (CEA), and medical treatment (MT). We identified 18 studies (4 randomized controlled trials [RCTs] and 14 nonrandomized, comparative studies [NRCSs]) comparing CAS with CEA, and 4 RCTs comparing CEA with MT from MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases.RESULTS: The risk for periprocedural stroke tended to increase in CAS, compared to CEA (odds ratio [OR], 1.86; 95% credible interval [CrI], 0.62–4.54). However, estimates for periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI) were quite heterogeneous in RCTs and NRCSs. Despite a trend of decreased risk with CAS in RCTs (OR, 0.70; 95% CrI, 0.27–1.24), the risk was similar in NRCSs (OR, 1.02; 95% CrI, 0.87–1.18). In indirect comparisons of MT and CAS, MT showed a tendency to have a higher risk for the composite of periprocedural death, stroke, MI, or nonperiprocedural ipsilateral stroke (OR, 1.30; 95% CrI, 0.74–2.73). Analyses of study characteristics showed that CEA-versus-MT studies took place about 10-year earlier than CEA-versus-CAS studies.CONCLUSIONS: A similar risk for periprocedural MI between CEA and CAS in NRCSs suggested that concerns about periprocedural MI accompanied by CEA might not matter in real-world practice when preoperative evaluation and management are working. Maybe the benefits of CAS over MT have been overestimated considering advances in medical therapy within10-year gap between CEA-versus-MT and CEA-versus-CAS studies.


Subject(s)
Carotid Arteries , Carotid Stenosis , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Myocardial Infarction , Stents , Stroke
8.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(2): e386, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003856

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los accidentes cerebrovasculares constituyen un problema de salud mundial con tendencia creciente; en la actualidad es la tercera causa de muerte. Objetivo: Describir la efectividad y durabilidad de la endarterectomía carotidea a largo plazo en la enfermedad carotidea extracraneal. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, ambispectivo en 44 pacientes sometidos a un total de 52 endarterectomías carotideas realizadas en el servicio de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular del Hospital Docente Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras. A todos se les realizó un seguimiento clínico con ultrasonografía doppler. El período de tiempo analizado fue de ocho años. Se tuvo en cuenta las variables: sexo, edad, factores de riesgo asociados, categoría clínica, localización topográfica de las lesiones, complicaciones tardías, tiempo de permeabilidad y resultados posquirúrgicos. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino (68,2 por ciento). Las lesiones carotideas asintomáticas y sintomáticas representaron el 50 por ciento respectivamente. El hábito de fumar y la dislipidemia fueron los factores de riesgo más frecuentes. Hubo predominio de las complicaciones tardías (55,8 por ciento) con relevancia de la restenosis carotidea (n= 21). El tiempo promedio de permeabilidad primaria del sector revascularizado fue de cinco años. El 86,5 por ciento de los pacientes seguidos a largo plazo mostraron resultados posquirúrgicos satisfactorios al no presentar eventos neurológicos isquémicos o lesiones carotideas con repercusión hemodinámica. Conclusiones: La endarterectomía carotidea es un procedimiento seguro con baja morbilidad y mortalidad perioperatorias que garantiza una reducción significativa en las tasas de enfermedad cerebrovascular isquémica en el seguimiento a largo plazo con baja incidencia de complicaciones vasculares y neurológicas tardías(AU)


Introduction: Cardiovascular events constitute a global health problem with a growing tendency. Nowadays, they represent the third cause of death. Objective: To describe the effectiveness and durability of long-term carotid endarterectomy in the extracranial carotid disease. Methods: A descriptive, ambispective study was conducted in 44 patients subjected to 52 carotid endarterectomies that were performed in the service of Angiology and Vascular Surgery of Hermanos Ameijeiras Teaching-Clinical- Surgical Hospital. A clinical follow-up was performed with Doppler ultrasonography to all the patients. The period analyzed was eight years. The variables considered were: sex, age, associated risk factors, clinical category, topographical localization of the lesions, late complications, time of permeability and postsurgical results. Results: Male sex predominated (68,2 percent). Asymptomatic and symptomatic carotid lesions represented 50 percent respectively. The smoking habit and dyslipidemia were the most common risk factors. There was predominance of late complications (55,8 percent) being notable the carotid restenosis (n = 21). The average time of primary permeability of the revascularized sector was five years. 86,5 percent of the patients followed in the long term showed satisfactory postsurgical results by not presenting ischemic neurological events or carotid lesions with hemodynamic impact. Conclusions: Carotid endarterectomy is a safe procedure with low morbidity and peri-operative mortality that ensures a significant reduction in ischemic cerebrovascular disease´s rates in long-term follow-up with low incidence of late vascular and neurological complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Endarterectomy, Carotid/methods , Cerebrovascular Trauma/surgery , Dyslipidemias/prevention & control
9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 581-587, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042051

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of carotid artery stenosis (CAS) using carotid duplex ultrasound in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: This retrospective study was conducted between January 2017 and January 2018 and included 166 consecutive patients [130 males (78.31%), 36 females (21.69%); mean age: 64.25±9.78 years] who underwent elective and isolated CABG. Patients who had significant CAS (≥50% stenosis) were compared with patients who had non-significant CAS (<50% stenosis). Logistic regression analysis was applied across the selected parameters to identify risk factors for significant CAS. Results: Of all patients, 36 (21.68%) had CAS ≥50% and 8 (4.81%) had unilateral carotid stenosis ≥70%. Carotid endarterectomy/CABG was performed simultaneously in five (3.01%) patients. None of these patients had cardiac and neurological problems during the postoperative period. The overall incidence of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) after CABG was 1.20% (n=2). Age (P=0.011) and history of CVA (P=0.035) were significantly higher in the CAS ≥50 group than in the CAS <50 group. Significant CAS was identified as a risk factor for postoperative CVA (P=0.013). Conclusion: Age and history of CVA were identified as risk factors for significant CAS. Furthermore, significant CAS was identified as a risk factor for postoperative CVA. For this reason, carotid screening is recommended for patients undergoing CABG even in the absence of associated risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Carotid Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Logistic Models , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Endarterectomy, Carotid/adverse effects , Endarterectomy, Carotid/methods , Carotid Stenosis/etiology , Stroke/etiology , Preoperative Period
10.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 136-141, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990569

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The aim of this study was to examine the association of inter-arm systolic blood pressure difference (IASBPD) with carotid artery stenosis, subclavian artery stenosis and vertebral artery stenosis in patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy. Methods: A total of 141 patients (29 females, 112 males; mean age 71.2±10.4 years; range 47 to 92 years) who underwent carotid endarterectomy between September 2010 and December 2017 were retrospectively evaluated. We classified patients into four groups according to the IASBPD ˂ 10 mmHg, ≥ 10 mm Hg, ≥ 20 mmHg and ≥ 30 mmHg. The stenosis of both subclavian and vertebral arteries was considered as ≥ 50%. Results: Of the 141 patients, 44 (31.2%) had ≥ 10 mmHg, 29 (20.5%) had ≥ 20 mmHg and 4 (2.8%) had ≥ 30 mmHg of IASBPD. 26 patients (18.4%) were diagnosed with significant subclavian artery stenosis and 18 (69.2%) of them had more than 20 mmHg of IASBPD. Of the 29 patients with IASBPD ≥ 20 mmHg, 19 patients (65.5%) had a significant subclavian artery stenosis. We found a significant correlation between preoperative symptoms and subclavian artery stenosis (P=0.018) and overall perioperative stroke was seen more frequently in patients with subclavian artery stenosis (P=0.041). A significant positive correlation was observed between vertebral artery stenosis and subclavian artery stenosis (P=0.01). Conclusion: Patients who were diagnosed with both subclavian artery stenosis and IASBPD (≥ 20 mmHg) had a higher risk of postoperative stroke and death, had higher total cholesterol, LDL-C, blood creatinine level, and were more symptomatic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Subclavian Steal Syndrome/physiopathology , Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency/physiopathology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Endarterectomy, Carotid/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Reference Values , Subclavian Steal Syndrome/complications , Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency/complications , Blood Pressure Determination/methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Stroke/etiology , Preoperative Period
11.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2019 Apr; 22(2): 158-161
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-185897

ABSTRACT

Background: During carotid arterial endarterectomy (CAE) surgery, an intraluminal shunt is used to prevent hypoperfusion, which can be caused by a cross-clamping cerebral ischemia. However, routine shunt use is not recommended. Various cerebral monitoring techniques are used to determine the need for shunt placement. In this study, retrospective analysis of data on the efficacy of cerebral oximetry in the decision of shunt use during elective CAE surveys was planned. Materials and Methods: We collected data on 68 patients operated under general anesthesia between December 2016 and December 2017. Patients were evaluated for near infrared spectrometry (NIRS) and stump pressure values and whether shunt was placed or not. Results: Eight (11.7%) patients were shunting. NIRS value after cross-clamping was lower in patients with shunt. Stump pressure values were below 40 mmHg. Conclusions: Cerebral monitoring in elective CAE operations has great importance in determining the necessity of using intraluminal shunt to reduce the complications that may occur.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855984

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences of intra- and extracranial hemodynamics between internal carotid artery subtotal occlusion (ICASO) and internal carotid artery servere stenosis (1CASS) through ultrasonography assessment,and to explore the hemodynamic mechanism of ICASO with ischemic stroke. Methods From July 2013 to January 2019,a total of 483 consecutive patients with ICASO (60 cases, the subtotal occlusion group) and ICASS(423 cases, the servere stenosis group) were retrospectively recruited. Recorded data of the two groups included the clinical symptoms, vascular internal diameter of the distal internal carotid artery (DICA) in the extracranial segment, and both DICA and middle cerebral artery (MCA) parameters containing average blood flow velocity, vascular resistance index and vascular pulse index. The types of intracranial collateral circulation opening and the characteristics of plaques after carotid endarterectomy were also recorded and compared between the two groups. Results The internal diameter of DICA in subtotal occlusion group was significantly thinner than that servere stenosis group (2. 5 ±0. 8 mm vs. 3. 9 ± 0. 9 mm, t = 10. 849, P 0. 05). Compared with the servere stenosis group, the subtotal occlusion group had higher opening rate of intracranial collateral circulation (all P <0. 01), but lower mean blood flow velocity and the pulse index of affected MCA(48 ± 16 cm/s vs. 61 ± 19 cm/s,P < 0. 01;0. 66 ± 0. 09 vs. 0. 73 ±0. 14,P <0. 01; respectively). Conclusions Vulnerable plaques and low perfusion from intra- and extracranial artery in ICASO patients may be the main pathogenesis of increased risk of ischemic stroke. Comprehensive evaluation of ICASO by ultrasonography could provide an objective basis for the individualized treatment selection in clinic.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755750

ABSTRACT

Carotid web is a rare risk factor of ischemic stroke.A total of 32 (0.54%) patients with carotid web were finally diagnosed in 5 943 patients who underwent carotid computerized tomography angiography (CTA) in two hospitals.Only one patient received carotid endarterectomy that pathological findings were fibrous tissue hyperplasia of vascular wall with mucinous degeneration.Stent implantation was administrated in two cases.Among 13 asymptomatic patients,the observational follow-up period was (20.9± 12.4) months without strokes.Carotid web is a rare aberration.Asymptomatic patients with carotid web are usually silent.Large sized cohort and long-term follow-up are further needed.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762027

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Traditional longitudinal incision for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) can be painful, aesthetically displeasing, and associated with a high incidence of cranial nerve injury (CNI). This study describes the outcomes of CEA performed through small (<5 cm long), transversely oriented incisions located directly over the carotid bifurcation, as identified by color-enhanced duplex ultrasound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient demographics and operative data were collected retrospectively from an in-house database of consecutive vascular patients undergoing CEA with a small transversely oriented incision for both symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid artery stenoses. RESULTS: A total of 52 consecutive patients underwent CEA between 2012 and 2016 (median age, 73.5 years; interquartile range, 67-80.3; male/female ratio, 40:12). CEA was performed under regional/local anesthesia (LA) in 48 (92.3%) patients, with 4 (7.7%) being performed under general anesthesia. One patient under LA experienced intraoperative neurological dysfunction intraoperatively (manifesting as an inability to count out loud) that resolved with insertion of shunt. One patient experienced a transient neurological event (expressive dysphasia) within the immediate postoperative period, which resolved within 6 hours. No in-hospital death or perioperative major adverse cardiovascular events were noted. Follow-up data were available for a median period of 3.1 years and for all patients. Three patients experienced strokes following discharge (2 strokes contralateral to the operated side and 1 transient ischemic attack ipsilateral to the operated side). No persistent CNIs nor bleeding complications necessitating re-exploration were reported. CONCLUSION: Small, transversely orientated incisions, hidden within a neck skin crease can be safely performed in the majority of patients undergoing CEA.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General , Carotid Stenosis , Cranial Nerve Injuries , Demography , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Ischemic Attack, Transient , Neck , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Stroke , Ultrasonography
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762702

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We aimed to compare clinical outcomes after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) between Korean patients with and without severe contralateral extracranial carotid stenosis or occlusion (SCSO). METHODS: Between January 2004 and December 2014, a total of 661 patients who underwent 731 CEAs were stratified by SCSO (non-SCSO and SCSO groups) and analyzed retrospectively. The study outcomes included the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), defined as stroke or myocardial infarction, and all-cause mortality during the perioperative period and within 4 years after CEA. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the incidence of MACE or any individual MACE manifestations between the 2 groups during the perioperative period or within 4 years after CEA. On multivariate analysis to identify clinical variables associated with long-term study outcomes, older age (hazard ratios [HRs], 1.06; 95% confidence intervals [CIs], 1.03–1.09; P < 0.001) and diabetes mellitus (HR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.14–2.57; P = 0.010) were significantly associated with an increased risk of MACE occurrence, while preexisting SCSO was not associated with long-term incidence of MACE and individual MACE components. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed similar MACE-free (P = 0.509), overall (P = 0.642), and stroke-free (P = 0.650) survival rates in the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: There were no significant differences in MACE incidence after CEA between the non-SCSO and SCSO groups, and preexisting SCSO was not associated with an increased risk of perioperative or long-term MACE occurrence.


Subject(s)
Carotid Stenosis , Diabetes Mellitus , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Humans , Incidence , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Myocardial Infarction , Perioperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Stroke , Survival Rate
16.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(1): 35-39, 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899653

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción En la endarterectomía carotídea (EC) durante el clampeo, la perfusión cerebral se mantiene por circulación contralateral a través del Polígono de Willis, que se relaciona con la presión de muñón carotídeo (PM). Si ésta es menor a 50 mmHg existe riesgo de Accidente Cerebrovascular (ACV) por hipoperfusión y está indicado uso de shunt para asegurar suficiente circulación cerebral, pero también se puede elevar transitoriamente la presión arterial sistémica haciendo innecesario el uso de shunt. Objetivo Mostrar los resultados de EC con medición de PM para evaluar la perfusión cerebral del hemisferio clampeado con manejo hemodinámico intraoperatorio minimizando el uso de shunt. Material y Métodos Estudio retrospectivo de 73 pacientes sometidos a EC bajo anestesia general con medición de PM, manejo hemodinámico intraoperatorio y uso selectivo de shunt. Se analizaron variables demográficas, clínicas y morbimortalidad perioperatoria. Resultados 73 pacientes, edad promedio 71,1 años, 69,9% sintomáticos. En 54 pacientes la PM fue superior a 50 mmHg y no se usó shunt, en 19 la PM fue menor a 50 mmHg y con manejo hemodinámico intraoperatorio se elevó en 16 que no requirieron shunt. Sólo en 3 casos la PM no alcanzó los 50 mmHg y se usó un shunt de Pruitt-Inahara. Dos pacientes sintomáticos presentaron déficit neurológico central transitorio postoperatorio y 2 pacientes fallecieron por infarto cardíaco. Conclusión La EC con medición de PM y manejo hemodinámico minimizó el uso de shunt transitorio y fue un procedimiento seguro para tratar los pacientes con estenosis carotídea con indicación quirúrgica.


Introduction During carotid endarterectomy (CEA) clamping cerebral perfusion is maintained by contralateral circulation through the Circle of Willis and it is correlated to the stump pressure (SP). If it is below 50 mmHg there is risk of stroke due to hypoperfusion and a shunt must be used, but systemic blood pressure can be temporarily elevated making the use of shunt unnecessary. Aim Results of CEA with SP measurement to evaluate cerebral perfusion in cross-clamped hemisphere and hemodynamic intraoperative management reducing the use of shunt. Material and Methods Retrospective study of CEAs performed in 73 patients under general anaesthesia with SP measurement, hemodynamic management and selective use of shunt. Demographics, clinical and perioperative morbimortality variables were analized. Results 73 patients, average age 71.1 years, 69.9% symptomatic. In 54 patients SP was above 50 mmHg and shunt was not used, in 19 SP was below 50 mmHg, it was elevated through intraoperative hemodynamic management and shunt was not needed. In only 3 cases SP did not reach 50 mmHg and a Pruitt-Inahara shunt was used. Two patients presented postoperative transient central neurological deficit and 2 died due to myocardial infarction. Conclusion CEA with SP measurement and hemodynamic management reduced the use of carotid shunting and it was a safe procedure to treat patients with severe carotid stenosis who need surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Pressure , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Carotid Stenosis/surgery , Carotid Stenosis/physiopathology , Postoperative Complications , Blood Pressure Determination , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Circle of Willis/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787095

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been performed under regional and general anesthesia (GA). The general anesthesia versus local anesthesia for carotid surgery study compared the two techniques and concluded that there was no difference in perioperative outcomes. However, since this trial, new sedative agents have been introduced and devices that improve the delivery of regional anesthesia (RA) have been developed. The primary purpose of this pilot study was to compare intraoperative hemodynamic stability and postoperative outcomes between GA and ultrasound-guided superficial cervical plexus block (UGSCPB) under dexmedetomidine sedation for CEA.METHODS: Medical records from 43 adult patients who underwent CEA were retrospectively reviewed, including 16 in the GA group and 27 in the RA group. GA was induced with propofol and maintained with sevoflurane. The UGSCPB was performed with ropivacaine under dexmedetomidine sedation. We compared the intraoperative requirement for vasoactive drugs, postoperative complications, pain scores using the numerical rating scale, and the duration of hospital stay.RESULTS: There was no difference between groups in the use of intraoperative antihypertensive drugs. However, intraoperative inotropic and vasopressor agents were more frequently required in the GA group (p < 0.0001). In the GA group, pain scores were significantly higher during the first 24 h after surgery (p < 0.0001 between 0–6 h, p < 0.004 between 6–12 h, and p < 0.001 between 12–24 h). The duration of hospital stay was significantly more in the GA group (13.3±4.6 days in the GA group vs. 8.5±2.4 days in the RA group, p < 0.001).CONCLUSION: In this pilot study, intraoperative hemodynamic stability and postoperative outcomes were better in the RA compared to the GA group.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anesthesia, Conduction , Anesthesia, General , Anesthesia, Local , Antihypertensive Agents , Cervical Plexus Block , Cervical Plexus , Dexmedetomidine , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Hemodynamics , Humans , Length of Stay , Medical Records , Pilot Projects , Postoperative Complications , Propofol , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Vasoconstrictor Agents
18.
Neurointervention ; : 54-57, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730266

ABSTRACT

A 74-year-old male developed cervical carotid artery psuedoaneurysm 8 months after carotid endarterectomy. The patient was successfully managed with dual implantation of flow-diverter and conventional carotid stent. Flow-diverter was placed across the neck of pseudoaneurysm to provide flow diversion while carotid stent was implanted within the lumen of the expanded flow-diverter to approximate and hold the flow diverter proximal and distal to the pseudoaneurysm. Follow-up ultrasonography revealed complete resolution of the pseudoaneurysm.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aneurysm, False , Carotid Arteries , Carotid Artery, Common , Endarterectomy , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Neck , Stents , Ultrasonography
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703023

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of carotid endarterectomy ( CEA) for the treatment of patients with dolichoarteriopathies of internal carotid artery combined with carotid artery severe stenosis. Methods From January 2013 to February 2018,the clinical data of 18 consecutive patients with dolichoarteriopathy of internal carotid artery combined with carotid artery severe stenosis admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery,the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent color Doppler ultrasound,CT angiography (CTA),and DSA to assess the diseased vessels before operation,and blood perfusion of the cerebral hemisphere was evaluated by CT perfusion (CTP) imaging. Six patients of Metz grade Ⅱ and 4 of grade Ⅲ underwent valgus CEA +excision of the redundant internal carotid arteries;8 patients of Metz grade I were treated with standard CEA. Postoperative cervical vascular ultrasound,CTA,and CTP examinations were performed in order to understand the vascular patency of the surgery and correction of dolichoarteriopathies of internal carotid artery. The follow-up time was 6 to 72 months. The color Doppler flow imaging and CTA were used to assess the presence or absence of restenosis and MRI was used to evaluate the presence of new cerebral infarction. Results All 18 patients were successfully operated, and they had good vascular patency after operation. The Postoperative CTA showed that the distorted blood vessels had been straightened to varying degrees for ten patients who underwent valgus CEA treatment and the plaques were removed satisfactorily without stenosis for 8 patients treated with standard CEA. After operation,one patient developed sublingual nerve injury symptoms,which was improved after 3 months. One patient developed mild hyperperfusion syndrome,which was improved after 2 weeks. No patients died. Follow-up reexamination showed that all patients had no carotid artery restenosis and new stroke events. Conclusions CEA is a safe and effective treatment for patients with internal carotid artery dolichoarteriopathy combined with severe carotid stenosis. According to the characteristics of the lesions evaluated before surgery, surgical methods should be selected reasonably.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702298

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of early cognitive rehabilitation training on cognitive function of patients after carotid endarterectomy. Methods The clinical data of 32 patients with carotid stenosis undergoing carotid endarterectomy ( CEA) admitted to the neurosurgery department of Chongqing emergency medical center from January 2016 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Sixteen pa-tients with conventional CEA admitted from January 2016 to June 2017 were treated as the control group.Sixteen patients with early cognitive rehabilitation training admitted from July 2017 to June 2018 were treated as cognitive on the basis of routine treatment after CEA.In the train-ing group,the Montréal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA) scores at 1 week and 3 months after surgery were analyzed. Results There was no significant difference in MoCA score between the two groups (P>0.05) at 1 week after surgery compared with those before surgery. The MoCA scores of the two groups were significantly higher than those before the operation 3 months after surgery(P<0.05).The change of the cognitive training group was more significant than that of the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion After carotid endarterectomy,early cognitive rehabilitation training can help reduce the incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction and improve cognitive function.

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