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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 365-371, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920886

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of percutaneous cryoablation combined with percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) in elderly patients with early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma aged 70 years or older. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 92 elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who were admitted to The Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2014 to January 2018, among whom 46 underwent cryoablation alone (CRYO group) and 46 underwent cryoablation combined with PEI (combination therapy group). The two groups were compared in terms of clinical outcome, adverse reactions, and changes in liver function parameters after treatment, and the patients were followed up to observe tumor recurrence and survival. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and the log-rank test was used for comparison of survival curves. The Cox regression analysis was used to identify the independent risk factors for survival and prognosis. Results There was no significant difference in the response rate of initial ablation between the combination therapy group and the CRYO group (89.1% vs 73.9%, P > 0.05). There were no significant differences between the CRYO group and the combination therapy group in overall survival time and tumor-free survival rate after surgery ( P > 0.05), and compared with the CRYO group, the combination therapy group had significantly lower 1-, 2-, and 3-year local tumor progression rates (20%/21%/21% vs 30%/46%/46%, χ 2 =4.187, P 0.05), but 3 patients in the CRYO group experienced serious adverse reactions, while no patients in the combination therapy group experienced such reactions. Conclusion For elderly patients with early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma, cryoablation combined with PEI is safer and more effective than cryoablation alone and can significantly reduce local tumor progression rate.

2.
J. Card. Arrhythm. (Impr.) ; 34(3): 113-119, Dec., 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359638

ABSTRACT

Case report of a 49-year-old patient with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, very symptomatic, with apparent parahisian pathway who, during an electrophysiological study, presented orthodromic atrioventricular tachycardia, featuring two accessory pathways, retrogradely, the parahisian pathway and a hidden left posterolateral pathway, during the same tachycardia, alternating the retrograde pathway of tachycardia without interruption.


Subject(s)
Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome , Catheter Ablation , Accessory Atrioventricular Bundle
3.
J. Card. Arrhythm. (Impr.) ; 34(3): 120-127, Dec., 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359639

ABSTRACT

Atrial fibrillation is the most prevalent arrhythmia in clinical practice and has different strategies for its control. Of these strategies, the percutaneous ablation of the pulmonary veins stands out, with robust results in relation to drug treatment. It is an invasive procedure and, therefore, not free from complications, which must be properly diagnosed and treated. Among the possible complications, there is stiff atrium syndrome, characterized by reduced atrial compliance caused by post-ablation fibrosis, which, in turn, leads to atrial filling dysfunction and the consequent increase in atrial and venous capillary pulmonary pressures. The case report demonstrates this infrequent but important complication, which presents good results for clinical treatment, in addition to the contribution of cardiac magnetic resonance in its diagnosis and in the assessment of arrhythmia recurrence rates.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Catheter Ablation , Heart Atria
4.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(5): 473-477, sep.-oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357215

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 31 años, con historia de fibrilación auricular paroxística, a quien se realizó exitosamente una ablación por radiofrecuencia de venas pulmonares guiada por un sistema de mapeo tridimensional EnSite™. Tres meses después del procedimiento presentó hemoptisis y dolor torácico de características pleuríticas, motivo por el cual se le realizó una angiotomografía computarizada coronaria que evidenció una estenosis grave de la vena pulmonar superior izquierda y una estenosis moderada de la vena inferior izquierda. El paciente fue sometido a angioplastia con balón, con la cual se normalizó la perfusión pulmonar.


Abstract We report the case of a 31-year-old male patient with a history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, who underwent a successful radiofrequency pulmonary vein ablation using EnSite™ three-dimensional mapping system. Three months after the procedure, patient presented with hemoptysis and pleuritic chest pain. A coronary computed tomography angiography was performed, which showed a severe left superior pulmonary vein stenosis and a moderate left inferior pulmonary vein stenosis. A balloon angioplasty was performed with subsequent restoration of pulmonary perfusion.

5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(4): 490-493, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286821

ABSTRACT

Abstract The atrioventricular (AV) reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) is the most common cause of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in the young pediatric population. Some newborns might present with congestive heart failure and require interventional treatment. Catheter ablation in small infants (<6 months and <5 kg) is still poorly performed and controversial due to high complications rate in this group of patients.1 We report a case of a 28 days old infant (3,5 kg) with a drug-refractory left accessory pathway mediated tachycardia and severe hemodynamic compromise, who underwent catheter ablation. Radiofrequency ablation should be part of the therapeutic arsenal in a context of drug-resistant supraventricular tachycardia with hemodynamic compromise, despite the greater risks of complications in this special population.

7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(2): 334-343, fev. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153006

ABSTRACT

Resumo Após mais de 20 anos desde sua utilização inicial, a ablação por cateter se tornou um procedimento rotineiramente realizado para tratamento de pacientes com fibrilação atrial (FA). Fundamentado inicialmente no isolamento elétrico das veias pulmonares em pacientes com FA paroxística, subsequentes avanços no entendimento da fisiopatologia levaram a técnicas adicionais não só para obter melhores resultados, mas também para tratar pacientes com formas persistentes de arritmia, assim como pacientes com cardiopatia estrutural e insuficiência cardíaca.


Abstract More than 20 years since its initial use, catheter ablation has become a routinely performed procedure for the treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Initially based on the electrical isolation of pulmonary veins in patients with paroxysmal AF, subsequent advances in the understanding of pathophysiology led to additional techniques not only to achieve better results, but also to treat patients with persistent forms of arrhythmia, as well as patients with structural heart disease and heart failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Veins/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(1): 119-126, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152966

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A ablação da taquicardia atrial (TA) com local de ativação mais precoce próxima ao feixe de His é um desafio, devido ao risco de bloqueio de AV completo por sua proximidade ao sistema de His-Purkinje (SHP). Uma alternativa para minimizar esse risco é posicionar o cateter na cúspide não coronária (CNC), que é anatomicamente contígua à região para-Hissiana. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo foi fazer uma revisão de literatura e avaliar as características eletrofisiológicas, a segurança e o índice de sucesso de aplicação de radiofrequência (RF) por cateter na CNC para o tratamento de TA para-Hissiana em uma série de casos. Métodos Avaliamos retrospectivamente dez pacientes (Idade: 36±10 anos) que foram encaminhados para ablação de taquicardia paroxística supraventricular (TPSV) e haviam sido diagnosticados com TA focal para-Hissiana confirmada por manobras eletrofisiológicas clássicas. Para a análise estatística, um P valor d <0.05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados A ativação atrial mais precoce na posição His foi de 28±12ms da onda P, e a CNC foi 3±2ms antes da posição His, sem evidência de potencial His em todos os pacientes. Foi aplicada RF à CNC (cateter de ponta de 4-mm; 30W, 55°C) e a taquicardia foi interrompida em 5±3s sem aumento no intervalo PR ou evidência de um ritmo juncional. Os testes eletrofisiológicos não induziram novamente a taquicardia em 9/10 pacientes. Não houve complicações em nenhum procedimento. Durante o período de acompanhamento de 30 ± 12 meses, nenhum paciente apresentou recorrência de taquicardia. Conclusão O tratamento percutâneo de TA para-Hissiana por meio de CNC é uma estratégia segura e eficiente, tornando-se uma opção interessante para o tratamento de arritmia complexa. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(1):119-126)


Abstract Background Atrial tachycardia (AT) ablation with earliest activation site close to the His-Bundle is a challenge due to the risk of complete AV block by its proximity to His-Purkinje system (HPS). An alternative to minimize this risk is to position the catheter on the non-coronary cusp (NCC), which is anatomically contiguous to the para-Hisian region. Objectives The aim of this study was to perform a literature review and evaluate the electrophysiological characteristics, safety, and success rate of catheter-based radiofrequency (RF) delivery in the NCC for the treatment of para-Hisian AT in a case series. Methods This study performed a retrospective evaluation of ten patients (Age: 36±10 y-o) who had been referred for SVT ablation and presented a diagnosis of para-Hisian focal AT confirmed by classical electrophysiological maneuvers. For statistical analysis, a p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The earliest atrial activation at the His position was 28±12ms from the P wave and at the NCC was 3±2ms earlier than His position, without evidence of His potential in all patients. RF was applied on the NCC (4-mm-tip catheter; 30W, 55ºC), and the tachycardia was interrupted in 5±3s with no increase in the PR interval or evidence of junctional rhythm. Electrophysiological tests did not reinduce tachycardia in 9/10 of patients. There were no complications in all procedures. During the 30 ± 12 months follow-up, no patient presented tachycardia recurrence. Conclusion The percutaneous treatment of para-Hisian AT through the NCC is an effective and safe strategy, which represents an interesting option for the treatment of this complex arrhythmia. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(1):119-126)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/therapy , Catheter Ablation , Bundle of His/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Electrocardiography , Heart Atria/surgery , Middle Aged
9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1392-1397, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877330

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effectiveness and safety of nanoknife ablation guided by real-time virtual sonography (RVS) in the treatment of locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 27 patients with LAPC who attended The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from April 2018 to October 2019, and according to the treatment method, the patients were divided into combination group (12 patients treated with IRE combined with chemotherapy) and control group (15 patients treated with chemotherapy alone). The chemotherapy regimen was gemcitabine combined with tegafur, gimeracil and oteracil potassium for both groups. Adverse reactions and complications were observed for the combination group during the perioperative period, and the two groups were compared in terms of the changes in myocardial enzymes, blood amylase, and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) before treatment and at different time points after treatment, as well as remission rate (RR) and disease control rate (DCR) at 3 months after treatment and survival status during follow-up. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Wilcoxon test was used for comparison within each group; the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; the Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the survival status during follow-up. ResultsIn the combination group, there were 12 cases of adverse reactions and mild complications during the perioperative period, i.e., 9 Clavien-Dindo grade I cases and 3 grade II cases. All patients in the combination group experienced a transient increase in myocardial enzymes, which returned to normal within 7 days, and there were no significant changes in creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase on day 7 after treatment (P>0.05); 9 patients had a significant increase in blood amylase on day 1 after surgery, which significantly decreased on day 7 after surgery and basically returned to normal on day 14 after surgery, and there was no significant change in blood amylase on days 7、14, and 1 month after surgery (P>0.05). Before treatment, the level of CA19-9 was higher than the normal value in both groups, and the combination group had a significant reduction in CA19-9 at 1, 2, and 3 months after treatment (all P<005); in the control group, the level of CA19-9 firstly decreased for a short time and then increased, while there was no significant change in CA19-9 at 1, 2, and 3 months after treatment (all P>0.05). At 3 months after treatment, the combination group had significantly higher RR and DCR than the control group (RR: 75.0% vs 26.7%, P=0.021; DCR: 91.6% vs 53.3%, P=0043). During the median follow-up time of 13 months, compared with the control group, the combination group had significantly higher median progression-free survival time (10 months vs 5 months, P=0.014) and median overall survival time (18 months vs 10 months, P=0.034). ConclusionRVS-guided percutaneous nanoknife ablation has marked clinical effect and high safety in the treatment of LAPC and can be used as a new treatment option for patients who refuse or cannot tolerate laparotomy for ablation therapy.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 515-521, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873795

ABSTRACT

With the comprehensive application of a variety of treatment methods, the survival time of patients with primary liver cancer is gradually increasing. For patients with early-stage liver cancer and portal hypertension, local ablation therapy can achieve long-term survival and play a positive role in stabilizing portal venous pressure, preserving liver function, and reducing complications. In addition, it can be combined with other techniques such as transarterial chemoembolization, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, splenectomy, and pericardial devascularization to further improve treatment outcome. Several measures can be taken in the perioperative period to improve the management efficiency of patients after ablation, such as objective evaluation of portal venous pressure, prevention of esophagogastric variceal bleeding, correction of hypersplenism, prevention of postoperative liver failure, and multidisciplinary team management.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873620

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the efficacy of hybrid ablation through compared with thoracoscopic epicardial ablation. Methods    In this study, 108 patients with all long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (LSPAF) received thoracoscopic epicardial ablation (TEA) after enrollment. There were 82 males and 26 females at age of 56.5±9.4 years. After blanking-period, patients off antiarrhythmic therapy with sinus rhythm were divided into a hybrid ablation (HA) group (50 patients) and a TEA group (58 patients). Only patients in the HA group received catheter ablation after randomization subsequently. In at least two-year observation period, cardiovascular risk factors were observed in all groups’ patients. Results    The mean follow-up duration was 17.3-41.8 (26.9±6.1) months and there was no significant difference between two groups [8.2-40.6 (27.5±5.7) months in the HA group and 17.3-41.8 (26.4±6.7) months in the TEA group]. The off antiarrhythmic agents (AADs) sinus rhythm rate was significantly higher in the HA group than that in the TEA group at the time of postoperative 6, 12, 24 and 36 months [96.0%, 90.0%, 83.7%, 83.7% versus 79.3%, 75.9%, 67.3%, 63.1%, HR=0.415 (95%CI 0.206-0.923)]. Conclusion    We can conclude that the efficacy of two-staged hybrid ablation for LSPAF is superior to thoracoscopic epicardial ablation alone. Patients can obtain benefit from a supplemental radiofrequency catheter ablation after blanking-period of surgical ablation, instead of those without a supplemental ablation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 872-876, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910932

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Sacubitril/Valsartan on the recurrence of atrial fibrillation(AF), cardiac structure and function after catheter ablation(CA)of persistent AF.Methods:A total of 180 patients with persistent AF were randomly divided into the treatment group(n=90)and the control group(n=90)before undergoing CA.The control group was given routine perioperative medication according to the guidelines for AF management, and the treatment group was additionally given Sacubitril/Valsartan.Blood pressure, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP), P-wave dispersion, left atrial dimension, left atrial volume index, mitral regurgitation area, left ventricular end-systolic volume index, end-diastolic volume index and left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF)were measured at 3, 6 and 12 months after the procedure.Results:Blood pressure was lower in the treatment group than in the control group( P<0.05), but no hypotension or related symptoms occurred.The sinus rhythm maintenance rate was higher in the treatment group than in the control group at 3, 6 and 12 months during the follow-up(80.0%, 72.2%, 78.9% vs.70.0%, 75.6%, 68.9%, χ2=4.866, 6.667 and 4.091, P=0.027, 0.010 and 0.043, respectively). At 6 and 12 months during the follow-up, NT-proBNP, P-wave dispersion, left atrial diameter, left atrial volume index, mitral regurgitation area, left ventricular end-systolic volume index and end-diastolic volume index were lower(all P<0.05)and LVEF was higher( P<0.05)in the treatment group than in the control group. Conclusions:In patients with persistent AF after CA, Sacubitril/Valsartan has favorable effects in maintaining sinus rhythm, reversing cardiac remodeling and improving cardiac function.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908641

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of 256-layer spiral CT left atrial pulmonary vein dual phase scanning imaging (called simply CT dual phase scanning imaging) in radiofrequency ablation of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.Methods:The clinical data of 74 patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation from October 2018 to September 2020 in Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were examined by CT dual phase scanning imaging and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). The result of TEE was as "gold standard", the value of CT dual phase scanning imaging in the diagnosis of left atrial pre-thrombotic state (PTS) and thrombus were assessed, and the variation of the pulmonary vein was observed.Results:CT dual phase scanning imaging in diagnosis of left atrial PTS had a sensitivity of 52.94% (9/17), a specificity of 92.45%(49/53), a negative predictive value of 85.96%(49/57), and a positive predictive value of 69.23%(9/13); it in diagnosis of left atrial thrombus had a sensitivity of 100.00% (4/4), a specificity of 90.74%(49/54), a negative predictive value of 100.00%(49/49), and a positive predictive value of 44.44%(4/9). The variation rate of the pulmonary vein was 21.62%(16/74).Conclusions:CT dual phase scanning imaging has relatively high values of sensitivity, specificity and negative predictive value in detecting left atrial PTS and thrombus. It can also evaluate the abnormal anatomical characteristics of the pulmonary vein, and find pulmonary vein variation. It provides a reliable basis for radiofrequency ablation of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical electrophysiological characteristics of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) and outcomes of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) in pediatric patients.Methods:A total of 328 consecutive pediatric patients with VAs and treated with RFCA in the First Hospital of Tsinghua University from January 2014 to December 2019 were recruited, involving 205 males and 123 females with the mean age of (7.8±3.9) years and the mean body weight of (32.8±17.7) kg.Their clinical electrophysiological characteristics, RFCA outcomes of different origins of VAs and complications were analyzed.Results:Among the 328 patients with the mean onset age of (5.4±4.1) years, 57.6% had frequent premature ventricular complex (PVC), 28.7% had paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia (VT) and 13.7% had incessant VT.A total of 38/328 cases (11.6%) VAs children were complicated with tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy.Except for 13 cases of non-induced VAs, among 315 cases there were 152/328 cases (46.4%) originated from the ventricular outflow tract (including 46.1% of the origination of the right ventricular outflow tract septum, 27.6% of the origination of the left coronary cusp, 18.4% of the origination of the right coronary cusp, and 7.9% of the origination of the right ventricular outflow tract free wall), 55/328 cases (16.5%) originated from the tricuspid valve, 54/328 cases (17.4%) originated from the left posterior fascicle, 39/328 cases (11.9%) originated from the left posterior papillary muscle, 5/328 cases (1.5%) originated from multi-origin VAs, 3/328 cases (0.9%) originated from the left anterior fascicle, and 7/328 cases (2.1%) originated from other origins.Among 307/328 cases (93.6%) VAs patients receiving RFCA, 271/307 cases (88.3%) were instantly successful, 14/307 cases (4.6%) were effectively treated and 22/307 cases (7.2%) were invalid.During the follow-up time of 3 to 36 months, there were 42/271 cases (15.5%) recurrent cases.The mean radiation time and dose were (3.2±5.8) min, and (1.4±2.6) mGy, respectively.The mean dose-area product (DAP) was (384.2±42.6) mGy·cm 2.A total of 4/328 cases (1.2%) reported perioperative vascular complication.In 20 infant patients younger than 3 years, only 1 case was not induced during procedure of RFCA, and the remaining 19 cases were performed with RFCA, including 18/19 cases (94.7%) with an instant success and 4/18 (22.2%) recurrent cases during follow-up.There were 1/20 case (5.0%) had perioperative vascular complication caused by vascular puncture.No serious complications, such as myocardial perforation, cardiac tamponade and atrioventricular block were reported. Conclusions:The right ventricular outflow tract septum is the most common origin of the idiopathic VAs in pediatric patients.VAs originated from the ventricular outflow tract and tricuspid valve usually have an acceptable outcome following ablation.The recurrent rate is high following ablation in VAs cases originated from the left ventricular fascicle and posterior papillary muscle.RFCA is safe and effective for drug resistant or intolerant VAs in infants, but the surgical indications should be strictly mastered and operated by experienced pediatric electrophysiologists.The radiation dose of RFCA can be limited in a safe range under the guidance of the 3-dimensional mapping system.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922543

ABSTRACT

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common arrhythmias, associated with high morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs, and it places a significant burden on both individuals and society. Anti-arrhythmic drugs are the most commonly used strategy for treating AF. However, drug therapy faces challenges because of its limited efficacy and potential side effects. Catheter ablation is widely used as an alternative treatment for AF. Nevertheless, because the mechanism of AF is not fully understood, the recurrence rate after ablation remains high. In addition, the outcomes of ablation can vary significantly between medical institutions and patients, especially for persistent AF. Therefore, the issue of which ablation strategy is optimal is still far from settled. Computational modeling has the advantages of repeatable operation, low cost, freedom from risk, and complete control, and is a useful tool for not only predicting the results of different ablation strategies on the same model but also finding optimal personalized ablation targets for clinical reference and even guidance. This review summarizes three-dimensional computational modeling simulations of catheter ablation for AF, from the early-stage attempts such as Maze III or circumferential pulmonary vein isolation to the latest advances based on personalized substrate-guided ablation. Finally, we summarize current developments and challenges and provide our perspectives and suggestions for future directions.

16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 999-1002, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143991

ABSTRACT

Abstract Minimally invasive surgical ablation is generally contraindicated in patients with atrial fibrillation and thrombosis of the left atrial appendage. We have treated three of these patients using an innovative technique based on a bilateral video-thoracoscopic approach, performing a continuous encircling lesion at the pulmonary veins outflow with radio-frequency ablation, simultaneously excluding the left atrial appendage. The postoperative course was uneventful, without neurologic events and all patients maintained a stable sinus rhythm at 1-year follow-up. This procedure represents a new mini-invasive method to treat persistent atrial fibrillation when partial thrombosis of the left atrial appendage contraindicates other ablation techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Thrombosis/etiology , Catheter Ablation , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Thoracoscopy , Treatment Outcome
17.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 12(2): 116-123, 03 de diciembre 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1145741

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La miocardiopatía hipertrófica obstructiva, es una patología de orden genético, cuyo evento más grave es la muerte súbita. El diagnóstico se basa en los hallazgos imagenológicos, constatándose un ventrículo izquierdo hipertrófico no dilatado, en ausencia de otras patologías que puedan explicar dichas alteraciones. El tratamiento médico tiene como objetivo mejorar la discapacidad funcional y el llenado diastólico, aquellos pacientes que continúan sintomáticos pese al tratamiento farmacológico, con obstrucción del tracto de salida del ventrículo izquierdo significativo, la miomectomía septal es de elección, no obstante, la ablación septal con alcohol es una alternativa a la cirugía. Se presenta una paciente de 39 años con síncope e insuficiencia cardíaca, con diagnóstico confirmado por imágenes de miocardiopatía hipertrófica asimétrica obstructiva, en quien persisten los síntomas a pesar del tratamiento médico, por lo que se realizó la ablación septal con alcohol, obteniendo resultados satisfactorios. La miocardiopatía hipertrófica obstructiva ha sido considerada como una patología poco frecuente, no obstante, en la actualidad es cada vez más diagnosticada, gracias al mayor conocimiento de su expresión fenotípica. La ablación septal con alcohol ha demostrado ser una opción segura y eficaz en nuestro medio, constituyendo una alternativa razonable de tratamiento alternativo a la cirugía, en pacientes seleccionados.


ABSTRACT Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disease, the most serious event of which is sudden death. Diagnosis is based on imaging findings, noting a hypertrophic undilated left ventricle, in the absence of other pathologies that may explain these alterations. The objective of the medical treatment is to improve functional disability and diastolic filling. In those patients who continue to be symptomatic despite drug treatment, with significant left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, septal myomectomy is recommended; however, septal alcohol ablation is an alternative to surgery. We present a 39-year-old patient with syncope and heart failure, with an image-confirmed diagnosis of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, in whom symptoms persisted despite medical treatment, for which septal alcohol ablation was performed, obtaining satisfactory results. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy has been considered a rare pathology, however, it is currently being diagnosed more and more, thanks to the greater knowledge of its phenotypic expression. Septal alcohol ablation has proven to be a safe and effective option in our setting, constituting a reasonable alternative treatment to surgery in selected patients.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Death, Sudden , Ethanol , Heart Ventricles
18.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(4): 379-388, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152811

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción y objetivos: La tormenta eléctrica (TE) se caracteriza por episodios repetidos de taquicardia ventricular o fibrilación ventricular relacionados con mal pronóstico a corto y largo plazos. El objetivo fue evaluar la prevalencia, resultados y supervivencia de los pacientes sometidos a tratamiento intervencionista por TE en un centro de referencia. Métodos: Estudio unicéntrico, observacional y retrospectivo. Se revisaron los procedimientos de ablación por TE y se evaluaron las características basales de los pacientes, tipo de procedimiento, mortalidad total, recurrencia de arritmia, mortalidad cardiovascular y necesidad de trasplante. Resultados: Desde enero de 2009 hasta diciembre de 2016 se realizaron 67 procedimientos (38% de complejos: 19% de ablación endoepicárdica, 7.5% de crioablación epicárdica quirúrgica, 3% de simpatectomía, 3% de inyección coronaria con alcohol; 6% de apoyo con oxigenación con membrana extracorpórea) en 41 pacientes (61% de causa isquémica) por TE. La mortalidad intraprocedimiento fue del 1.5%. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 23.5 meses (RIQ, 14.2-52.7). Tras el primer ingreso por TE (uno o varios procedimientos), la mortalidad a un año fue de 9.8%. La incidencia acumulada de trasplante cardiaco por TE fue de 2.4%. En el análisis multivariado, el riesgo de recurrencias arrítmicas o muerte por cualquier causa fue significativamente mayor en pacientes con arritmias clínicas inducibles (HR, 9.03; p = 0.017). Conclusiones: El tratamiento de pacientes con TE, instituido en un centro de referencia y con experiencia, se relacionó con una tasa baja de recurrencia y supervivencia elevada, con una tasa de trasplante cardiaco por TE muy baja. Ante una recurrencia temprana es recomendable practicar un nuevo procedimiento durante el ingreso.


Abstract Introduction and objective: Electrical storm (ES) is characterized by repeated episodes of ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation, with poor short and long term prognosis. Our objective was to evaluate the prevalence, results of interventional treatment and survival of patients undergoing interventional treatment for ES in our center. Methods: Retrospective, unicentric and observational study. ES ablation procedures were revised and data regarding baseline characteristics of the patients, type of procedure, total mortality, recurrence of arrhythmia, cardiovascular mortality and the need for transplantation were evaluated. Results: From January 2009 to December 2016, 67 procedures (38% complex procedures: 19% epicardial ablation, 7.5% surgical epicardial crioablation, 3% simpatectomy, 3% coronary alcohol injection, 6% extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support) were performed in 41 patients (61% Ischemic etiology) due to ES. Intraprocedural mortality was 1.5%. The median follow-up was 23.5 months (IQR [14.2-52.7]). After the first admission for ES (one or several procedures), 1-year mortality was 9.8%. The cumulative incidence of cardiac transplantation was 2.4%. The risk of arrhythmic recurrences or death was significantly higher in patients with inducible clinical arrhythmias after ablation (HR: 9.03, p = 0.017). Conclusions: The treatment of patients with ES, performed in a reference center, allows obtaining good rates of recurrence and survival, with very low rates of cardiac transplantation for ES. In the presence of an early recurrence, it is advisable to perform a new procedure during admission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ventricular Fibrillation/surgery , Tachycardia, Ventricular/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Prognosis , Recurrence , Ventricular Fibrillation/physiopathology , Ventricular Fibrillation/mortality , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Tachycardia, Ventricular/mortality , Mexico
20.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(5): 550-564, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134400

ABSTRACT

Abstract New translational concepts on cellular and tissue substrate of cardiac arrhythmias have been responsible for the development of non-pharmacological interventions, with important achievements compared to the conventional approach with antiarrhythmic drugs. In addition, the increasing knowledge of anatomical and electrophysiological studies, sophisticated mapping methods, special catheters, and controlled clinical trials have favored the progression of ablation of tachyarrhythmias, particularly of ventricular tachyarrhythmias and atrial fibrillation.

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