Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 330
Filter
1.
Rev. med. (Säo Paulo) ; 101(4): e-176008, jul.-ago. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392161

ABSTRACT

O hipotireoidismo é definido como uma hipofunção da tireoide, tendo como principal causa, atualmente, as doenças autoimunes da glândula, caracterizadas por uma resposta imune local e redução da produção dos hormônios tireoidianos. A doença celíaca (DC), por sua vez, é definida como uma enteropatia autoimune permanente desencadeada pelo glúten, na qual há produção de diversos autoanticorpos. Uma parcela significativa de pacientes com hipotireoidismo requer doses maiores de T4 para alcançar os níveis ideais de TSH, incluindo os pacientes celíacos. Ademais, dentre as causas que diversificam a apresentação clínica da DC destaca-se o hipotireoidismo. Com o objetivo de estabelecer associações entre ambas as doenças foi realizada uma revisão embasada nos bancos de dados MEDLINE e SciELO. Os resultados mostram que as doenças autoimunes comumente se associam e representam fatores de risco entre si. Porém, o rastreamento indiscriminado dessas ainda é inviável e pouco benéfico. Por isso, saber quando suspeitar clinicamente e como investigar o hipotireoidismo e/ou a DC é de extrema importância. [au]


Hypothyroidism represents a thyroid hypofunction, main caused by autoimmune diseases of the gland, characterized by a local thyroid immune response that reduces the production of thyroid hormones. Celiac disease (CD), on the other hand, is a permanent autoimmune enteropathy, triggered by gluten, causing the production of several autoantibodies. A significant percentage of individuals with hypothyroidism requires higher doses of T4 to achieve optimal TSH levels, among which are celiac patients. Also, among different causes that diversify the clinical presentation of CD, one of the most common is hypothyroidism. Thus, with focus on establishing associations between both diseases, a review based on MEDLINE and SciELO was developed. Results show that autoimmune diseases commonly are associated and represent risk factors for each other. However, the indiscriminate screening of these diseases is still impracticable and has little benefit. Therefore, knowing when to suspect clinically and how to investigate hypothyroidism and/or CD is extremely important. [au]

2.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 66(2): 229-236, Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374276

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: Evaluate the celiac disease (CD) markers, within the scope of its screening, in a pediatric population with diagnosis of type 1 diabetes (T1D) at Hospital de Braga (HB) and determine the prevalence of CD in the sample. Reflect on CD screening algorithm applied in this pediatric population. Subjects and methods: Retrospective observational study with 94 patients diagnosed with T1D at age 10 years or younger, followed up at the HB Outpatient Diabetology Consultation, including those referred from other hospitals. Record of clinical information, IgA anti-transglutaminase and anti-endomysium and HLA DQ2/DQ8 haplotypes. Results: We obtained positive serological test for CD in 4 patients. This test had 100% sensitivity and specificity. The prevalence of CD was 4.3% (n = 4). Positive HLA screening in 84.6% of patients, with both sensitivity and negative predictive value of 100% and specificity of 16.67%. Diagnosis of CD was made on average 3.40 ± 3.32 years after the diagnosis of TD1. All cases of CD registered non-gastrointestinal manifestations, none had gastrointestinal symptoms. Conclusion: This study proved that there is a higher prevalence of CD in pediatric population with TD1, when compared to general population, and clarified the importance of CD screening. Furthermore, it was observed that serological screening for CD antibodies is an excellent screening test and HLA typing, although not the most suitable first line test, can be useful in excluding the possibility of patients with T1D developing CD.

3.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 20-24, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375757

ABSTRACT

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder. Celiac disease (CD), a treatable autoimmune enteropathy, with varied presentations, may simulate clinically symptoms of IBS. The aim of the present study is to screen for CD in patients with IBS diagnosed based on the Rome III criteria. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a secondary care gastrointestinal unit in Al-Salam General Hospital in Mosul city, Iraq, from November 2015 to October 2016. All patients fulfilling the Rome III criteria for IBS were screened for CD using antitissue transglutaminase IgA antibodies (anti-tTG). Patients who tested positive were subjected to endoscopic duodenal biopsy to confirm the diagnosis of CD. Results: A total of 100 patients were included in the present study (58 female and 42 male), the mean age of the participants was 40.8 years old (standard deviation [SD]±11.57). Ten patients (10/100, 10%) tested positive for anti-tTG antibodies. Five of the seropositive patients (5/10, 50%) showed positive biopsy results according to the Marsh classification, 3 of whom having diarrhea, and 2 with constipation. Conclusion: Positive serology and biopsy results suggestive of CDare common among patients with IBS. Screening patients with IBS for CD is justified. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Celiac Disease/diagnosis , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Autoantibodies/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis, Differential
4.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 38(1): e38103, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1389669

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: la dermatitis herpetiforme (DH) es una enfermedad cutánea inflamatoria que cursa en empujes y remisiones. Es una manifestación extraintestinal de la enfermedad celíaca (EC), de la que puede ser la primera manifestación clínica(1). La enfermedad celíaca es una enfermedad sistémica autoinmune, asociada con enteropatía, desencadenada por la ingesta de gluten en individuos genéticamente predispuestos(2-4). Se ha demostrado una asociación con el HLA DQ2 y HLA DQ8 en ambas enfermedades(5). Objetivo: mostrar las características de los pacientes con DH y EC que se asisten en las policlínicas de dermatología y gastroenterología del Hospital Universitario Dr. Manuel Quintela. Metodología: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional, retrospectivo y longitudinal de una serie de casos. Criterios de inclusión: pacientes asistidos en servicios de dermatología y gastroenterología del Hospital de Clínicas, con diagnóstico de DH confirmado con histopatología y/o inmunofluorescencia directa; desde julio de 2000 a junio de 2018 inclusive. Quedaron excluidos aquellos pacientes en los que no se pudo acceder al estudio histopatológico de piel. Resultados: incluimos un total de 15 pacientes, 9 de sexo masculino y 6 de sexo femenino. La edad media al diagnóstico de DH fue de 49 años. 4 pacientes recibieron tratamiento con dapsona, con rápida respuesta de la dermatosis, sin efectos adversos graves. En 13 pacientes la DH fue el síntoma guía para el diagnóstico de EC. 5 pacientes con EC asintomática, 6 con síntomas clásicos, 4 con síntomas no clásicos.


Summary: Introduction: dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is an inflammatory cutaneous disease comprising relapses and remissions. It is an extraintestinal manifestation of coeliac disease, which can even be its first clinical manifestation. Coeliac disease (CD) is an autoimmune systemic disease, associated with enteropathy, that is induced by the intake of gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. In both diseases an association between HLA DQ2 and HLA DQ8 has been proved. Objective: to present the characteristics of patients with Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) and Coeliac disease (CD) who are assisted in the dermatology and gastroenterology polyclinics at the "Dr. Manuel Quintela" University Hospital. Methodology: descriptive, observational, retrospective and longitudinal study of a series of cases. Inclusion criteria: patients assisted at the dermatology and gastroenterology services of the University Hospital, with a diagnosis of Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) confirmed by histopathology and/or direct immunofluorescence (DIF), from July, 200 to June 2018 inclusive. Patients whose skin histopathological exam could not be accessed were excluded from the study. Results: 15 patients were included, 9 male and 6 female. Average age upon diagnosis of DH is 49 years old. 4 patients were treated with dapsona, evidencing a fast response to dermatosis, and no severe adverse effects. In 13 patients, DH was the guiding symptom to diagnose coeliac disease. However, 5 patients had asymptomatic CD, 6 presented classical symptoms and 4 non-classical symptoms.


Resumo: Introdução: a dermatite herpetiforme (DH) é uma doença inflamatória da pele que ocorre em impulsos e remissões. É uma manifestação extra-intestinal da doença celíaca (DC), da qual pode ser a primeira manifestação clínica. A doença celíaca é uma doença autoimune sistêmica associada à enteropatia, desencadeada pela ingestão de glúten em indivíduos geneticamente predispostos. Uma associação com HLA DQ2 e HLA DQ8 foi demonstrado em ambas as doenças. Objetivo: mostrar as características dos pacientes com HD e DC atendidos nas policlínicas dermatológicas e gastroenterológicas do "Dr. Manuel Quintela". Metodologia: foi realizado um estudo descritivo, observacional, retrospectivo e longitudinal de uma série de casos. Critérios de inclusão: pacientes atendidos nos serviços de dermatologia e gastroenterologia do Hospital de Clínicas, com diagnóstico de HD confirmado pela histopatologia e / ou imunofluorescência direta; de julho de 2000 a junho de 2018 inclusive. Foram excluídos os pacientes em que não foi possível acessar o estudo histopatológico da pele. Resultados: incluímos um N total de 15 pacientes, 9 homens e 6 mulheres. A idade média no diagnóstico de DH é de 49 anos. 4 pacientes receberam tratamento com dapsona, com resposta rápida da dermatose, sem efeitos adversos graves. Em 13 pacientes, a DH foi o sintoma norteador para o diagnóstico de DC. 5 pacientes com DC assintomática, 6 com sintomas clássicos, 4 com sintomas não clássicos.


Subject(s)
Celiac Disease , Dermatitis Herpetiformis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929795

ABSTRACT

The etiology of abnormal liver function in children is complex.Food allergy can cause liver immunity injury, which is one of the causes of abnormal liver function in children.The common clinical manifestation is hypertransaminasemia, mostly without cholestasis and hepatomegaly.After the exclusion of common causes of abnormal liver function, food challenge test to observe the changes of transaminase is used to diagnose abnormal liver function related to food allergy.This article reviews the research status, potential mechanism and clinical characteristic of abnormal liver function related to food allergy, aiming to improve the understanding of the phenomenon of clinicians, and better diagnosis and treatment of the disease.

6.
Licere (Online) ; 24(2): 509-544, 20210630.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291109

ABSTRACT

O trabalho objetiva apresentar as vivências no lazer e as imagens sobre ele na perspectiva de idosas com doença celíaca. O estudo tem abordagem qualitativa e características descritivo-exploratórias. Está pautado na sociologia compreensiva e do quotidiano de Michel Maffesoli. A estratégia metodológica da história de vida tópica orientou a coleta de dados. Participaram nove idosas, com média de idade de 67 ± 6,6 anos, residentes em Florianópolis/SC, São José/SC e Governador Celso Ramos/SC. Utilizaram-se entrevista em profundidade e diário de campo. Utilizou-se o modelo de análise qualitativa de Schatzman e Strauss. O lazer foi associado a imagens variadas, mas contemplando as próprias vivências ocorridas nesse âmbito, que, por vezes, são limitadas pelo tratamento da doença celíaca, especialmente as vivências sociais. Imagens e vivências foram abordadas pelas idosas considerando aspectos sensíveis diversos.


This study to describe their experiences and the participants imaginarium about the leisure it from the perspective of elderly women with celiac disease. The study's approach was qualitative and it involves descriptive-exploratory characteristics. Based on the comprehensive and everyday sociology of Michel Maffesoli. The topological life history method guided data collection. The sample included 9 older women, with a mean age of 67 ± 6.6 years, in Florianópolis, São José or Governador Celso Ramos, Brazil. In-depth interviews and field diaries were used. Schatzman and Strauss' field research method of qualitative analysis was used. Leisure describes various experiences and images that involve sensitive aspects, which are sometimes limited by the treatment of celiac disease.


Subject(s)
Leisure Activities
7.
Perspect. nutr. hum ; 23(2): 171-182, jul.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375985

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: la calidad de vida en relación con la salud de las personas con enfermedad celiaca puede estar influenciada por la adherencia a la dieta sin gluten. Objetivos: describir las características demográficas y clínicas de los celiacos, evaluar la adherencia dietética con el cuestionario CDAT de Leffler y medir la calidad de vida autopercibida utilizando el cuestionario CD-QOL. Métodos y materiales: diseño observacional, transversal y prospectivo. Se aplicó una encuesta telemática a adolescentes y adultos de Paraguay diagnosticados con enfermedad celiaca, entre febrero y abril del año 2021, que accedieron a participar del estudio. La adherencia dietética se determinó con el cuestionario Celiac Dietary Adherence Test de Leffler y la calidad de vida con el CD-QOL de Dorn. Se midieron además variables demográficas y clínicas. La investigación fue aprobada por el Comité de Ética de la Universidad Privada del Este, en Paraguay. Resultados: la muestra estuvo constituida por 344 sujetos de estudio, de los cuales el 87 % pertenecía al sexo femenino. La edad media de los adolescentes fue de 15,1 años, y la de los adultos de 38±13 años. La adherencia a la dieta sin gluten se encontró en el 78 % (n=268) de los encuestados; fue buena en el 59 %, moderada en el 19 % y mala en el 22 % de los encuestados. La calidad de vida fue buena en el 30 % (n=103) de los sujetos y mala en el 70 % (n=241). Se encontró asociación entre los sujetos sin o mala adherencia a la dieta con la mala calidad de vida (p<0,006). Conclusión: en los celiacos estudiados, la mala adherencia a la dieta sin gluten se asocia con menor calidad de vida en relación con la salud.


Abstract Background: The health-related quality of life of people with celiac disease may be influenced by adherence to a gluten-free diet. Objectives: To describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of celiac patients, to evaluate dietary adherence with the Leffler CDAT questionnaire, and to measure self-perceived quality of life using the CD-QOL questionnaire. Material and Methods: Observational, cross-sectional, and prospective design. A telematic survey was applied to adolescents and adults in Paraguay, diagnosed with celiac disease, between February and April 2021, who agreed to participate in the study. Dietary adherence was determined with the Celiac Dietary Adherence Test of Leffler and quality of life with the test CD-QOL of Dorn. Demographic and clinical variables were also measured. The research was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Universidad Privada del Este, in Paraguay. Results: The sample consisted of 344 study subjects of which 87% belonged to the female sex. The mean age of the adolescents was 15 ±1 years, and that of the adults was 38 ±13 years. Adherence to a gluten-free diet was found in 78% (n=268) of those surveyed, it was good in 59%, moderate in 19%, and bad in 22%. The quality of life was good in 30% (n=103) of the subjects and bad in 70% (n 241). It was found an association between subjects with no or bad adherence to the diet with bad quality of life (p<0.006). Conclusion: In the celiac patients studied, poor adherence to the gluten-free diet is associated with worse health-related quality of life.


Subject(s)
Celiac Disease
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386322

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presenta caso de mujer con enfermedad celiaca que presentó colitis ulcerosa complicada con megacolon tóxico. El cuadro revirtió con inmunosupresores y tratamiento médico. Se sugiere a los médicos la búsqueda activa de enfermedades autoinmunes asociadas, además del diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento oportuno de la enfermedad celiaca para evitar complicaciones.


ABSTRACT We present case of a woman with celiac disease who presented ulcerative colitis complicated with toxic megacolon. The condition reversed with immunosuppressants and medical treatment. Physicians are advised to actively search for associated autoimmune diseases, as well as early diagnosis and timely treatment of celiac disease to avoid complications.


RESUMO Apresentamos o caso de uma mulher com doença celíaca que apresentou colite ulcerosa complicada com megacolo tóxico. A condição foi revertida com imunossupressores e tratamento médico. Os médicos são aconselhados a pesquisar ativamente as doenças autoimunes associadas, além do diagnóstico precoce e do tratamento oportuno da doença celíaca para evitar complicações.

9.
CES med ; 35(3): 272-283, sep.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374768

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad celíaca es un trastorno sistémico con base autoinmune, secundario a la exposición continua al gluten en personas con susceptibilidad genética, que lleva a desarrollo de anticuerpos específicos, afectando principalmente el intestino delgado con la subsecuente enteropatía. Las manifestaciones clínicas incluyen síntomas digestivos y manifestaciones extra intestinales. En este último grupo se destacan las manifestaciones dermatológicas, específicamente la dermatitis herpetiforme, la cual es considerada específica de la enfermedad celíaca. Clínicamente, se presenta como un exantema papulovesicular pruriginoso. El diagnóstico se basa en la biopsia de piel con inmunofluorescencia directa y la presencia de anticuerpos anti-transglutaminasa tisular 2 y solo en casos específicos se debe complementar con otros estudios. El tratamiento se basa en dieta libre de gluten, que mejora la sintomatología, controla y previene las complicaciones de la enfermedad celíaca, como las neoplasias digestivas y el desarrollo de otras enfermedades autoinmunes.


Abstract Celiac disease is a systemic disorder with an autoimmune basis, secondary to continuous exposure to gluten in people with genetic susceptibility, which leads to the development of specific antibodies mainly affecting the small intestine with subsequent enteropathy. The clinical manifestations include digestive symptoms and extra intestinal manifestations. In this last group, the dermatological manifestations stand out, specifically dermatitis herpetiformis, which is considered specific to Celiac disease. It presents clinically as a pruritic papulovesicular rash. The diagnosis is based on a skin biopsy with direct immunofluorescence and the presence of anti-tissue transglutaminase 2 antibodies, only in specific cases it should be complemented with other studies. Treatment is based on a gluten-free diet, which improves symptoms, controls and prevents complications of Celiac disease, such as digestive neoplasms and the development of other autoimmune diseases.

10.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(9): 1330-1338, sept. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389590

ABSTRACT

Dermatitis herpetiformis is an autoimmune chronic blistering disease, considered a skin manifestation of celiac disease. Being both conditions multifactorial, they share some genetic traits and pathogenic mechanisms, which are responsible for the typical skin and gastrointestinal manifestations. In dermatitis herpetiformis, skin and other lesions heal after gluten-free diet and reappear shortly after its reintroduction to complete diet. Prevalence of celiac disease is 1% in the population, and approximately 13% of patients with the disease develop dermatitis herpetiformis. Diagnosis of celiac disease has progressively increased in recent decades, while clinical manifestations become more and more diverse. Given the current high frequency of skin lesions in celiac patients, in this review we update relevant aspects of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentations, treatment and follow up of dermatitis herpetiformis, as a contribution to improve the management of both conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Celiac Disease/complications , Celiac Disease/diagnosis , Dermatitis Herpetiformis/diagnosis , Dermatitis Herpetiformis/etiology , Skin
11.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1337825

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad celíaca (EC) es una enfermedad inflamatoria autoinmune que afecta la mucosa del intestino delgado que lleva a un estado de mal absorción en pacientes genéticamente susceptibles desencadenada por la ingesta de gluten. Tiene síntomas inespecíficos, complicaciones asociadas y no existe a nivel nacional una ley de apoyo económico para las personas con dificultad para seguir una dieta libre de gluten. El objetivo de este estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal fue describir las características clínicas, demográficas y acceso a productos sin gluten de 237 pacientes con enfermedad celíaca registrados en la Fundación Paraguaya de Celiacos (FUPACEL) en el 2020 y que aceptaron responder una encuesta en línea publicada en la página oficial de la FUPACEL. El 70,4% de los participantes era del sexo femenino, la edad de diagnóstico fue en el 34,5% entre 20-30 años, 48 % tenía algún familiar con EC, el 69,1% presentó distensión abdominal como sintomatología inicial, 16,8% presentó hipotiroidismo como patología asociada, y 42% fue hospitalizado al menos una vez. El 82,7% de los encuestados respondió que la dieta era suficiente como tratamiento, 48% tenía un trabajo y podía solventar los gastos, sin embargo, el 79,3% opinó tener acceso limitado a los productos sin gluten, el 92% que los alimentos sin gluten eran costosos y que se necesitaba una ley de apoyo económico para solventar los gastos. La mayoría reconoció que la dieta sin gluten como tratamiento era suficiente, sin embargo, por su alto costo se necesita una ley de apoyo económico para las personas con enfermedad celiaca


Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that affects the mucosa of the small intestine that leads to a state of malabsorption in genetically susceptible patients triggered by the ingestion of gluten. It has nonspecific symptoms, associated complications, and there is no national financial support law for people with difficulty following a gluten-free diet. The objective of this observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was to describe the clinical, demographic characteristics and access to gluten-free products of 237 patients with celiac disease registered in the FUPACEL in 2020 who accepted to answer a online survey published in the official FUPACEL webpage. Seventy-point four percent of the patients were female, their age of diagnosis was between 20-30 years in 34.5%, 48% had relatives with CD, 69.1% presented abdominal distension as initial symptoms, hypothyroidism was present in 16.8% as associated pathology, and 42% were hospitalized at least once. Eighty-two-point seven percent of those surveyed answered that diet was sufficient as a treatment, 48% had a job and could afford expenses, however, 79.3% said they had limited access to gluten-free products, 92% that gluten-free foods were expensive and a financial support law was needed to cover the costs. Most recognized that a gluten-free diet as a treatment was sufficient, however, due to its high cost, a law of financial support is needed for people with celiac disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Celiac Disease , Public Health , Diet, Gluten-Free , Quality of Life
12.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 214-216, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285320

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disease characterized by immune reaction mostly to wheat gluten. The diagnosis is based on clinical, serological and histological findings in patients ingesting gluten. Cases that the clinical profile indicates CD and the autoantibodies are negative bring so a dilemma for the professional, as the risk of missed the diagnosis or a delay at the same. OBJECTIVE: To show the importance of correct diagnosis of cases with seronegative celiac disease (SNCD). METHODS: Ten cases of SNCD Brazilian patients were retrospectively studied (2013 to 2019). Data of clinical complaints, autoantibodies, IgA serum levels, histological findings and HLA-DQ2/DQ-8 were compiled. Dual-X densitometry, delay at diagnosis, previous autoimmune diseases and family history of CD were also checked. RESULTS: All SNCD patients presented clinical symptoms of CD, with confirmed diagnosis by histological findings of the duodenal mucosa and HLA-DQ2 and/or HLA-DQ8 positivity. All patients had normal IgA levels and negative autoantibodies (IgA-anti-transglutaminase and anti-endomysial). Dual-X densitometry detected osteopenia in two women and osteoporosis in two males, all with low levels of vitamin D. Delay diagnostic ranged from 1 to 19 years. Familiar occurrence of CD was reported in 40% of the cases. After one year of gluten-free diet, eight patients refer improve of symptoms, while duodenal biopsies, done in five cases, showed histological improvement. CONCLUSION: Patients who demonstrate the clinical profile of celiac disease with negative serology and normal levels of IgA, especially those who have family members with celiac disease, should be submitted to duodenal biopsies to look for histological findings.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A doença celíaca (DC) é uma doença autoimune caracterizada por reação imune principalmente ao glúten do trigo. O diagnóstico é baseado em achados clínicos, sorológicos e histológicos em pacientes que ingerem glúten. Casos em que o perfil clínico indica DC e os autoanticorpos são negativos trazem um dilema para o profissional, como o risco de não realizar ou atrasar o diagnóstico da DC. OBJETIVO: Mostrar a importância do diagnóstico correto de casos com doença celíaca soronegativa (DCSN). MÉTODOS: Dez casos de pacientes brasileiros com DCSN foram estudados retrospectivamente (2013 a 2019). Foram compilados dados de queixas clínicas, autoanticorpos, níveis séricos de IgA, achados histológicos e HLA-DQ2 / DQ-8. Densitometria, atraso no diagnóstico, doenças autoimunes prévias e histórico familiar de DC também foram verificados. RESULTADOS: Todos os pacientes com DCSN apresentaram sintomas clínicos de DC, com diagnóstico confirmado por achados histológicos da mucosa duodenal e positividade para HLA-DQ2 e/ou HLA-DQ8. Todos os pacientes apresentavam níveis normais de IgA e autoanticorpos negativos (IgA-anti-transglutaminase e anti-endomisial). A densitometria detectou osteopenia em duas mulheres e osteoporose em dois homens, todos com baixos níveis de vitamina D. O atraso no diagnóstico variou de 1 a 19 anos. A ocorrência familiar de DC foi relatada em 40% dos casos. Após 1 ano de dieta isenta em glúten, oito pacientes referem melhora dos sintomas, enquanto as biópsias duodenais, realizadas em cinco casos, mostraram melhora histológica. CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes que apresentam quadro clínico de doença celíaca com sorologia negativa e níveis normais de IgA, principalmente aqueles que possuem familiares com doença celíaca, devem ser submetidos à biópsia duodenal para pesquisa de achados histológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Celiac Disease/diagnosis , Autoantibodies , Transglutaminases , Retrospective Studies , Diet, Gluten-Free , Glutens
13.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(3): 201-209, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252242

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) causes negative life changes brought about through lockdowns, in addition to severe complications and death. Among these changes, asplenism or hyposplenism has been reported in patients with celiac disease. It has been reported that the risk of pneumococcal sepsis is higher in celiac patients with hyposplenism. Moreover, celiac patients present high risk of admission to hospital due to influenza. OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of awareness of COVID-19 among parents of children with celiac disease and examine the measures that they take. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at a university hospital in the Middle Anatolian region of Turkey. METHODS: The diagnosis of celiac disease was confirmed through a survey conducted online among 73 parents between May and July 2020. RESULTS: The mean age was 37.57 ± 6.56 years for the mothers, 41.15 ± 5.56 years for the fathers and 11.36 ± 4.36 years for the children. 90.4% of the parents reported that COVID-19 was transmitted through "speaking, coughing, sneezing and infection of the face after contact with virus-infected surfaces". Moreover, 78.1% indicated that they did not have any difficulty in finding gluten-free foods. CONCLUSION: These parents of children with celiac disease believed that their children's risk of developing COVID-19 did not differ from that of healthy children. It was also observed that appetite and states of nervousness were higher among these children with celiac disease during lockdowns and that their sleep patterns were affected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adult , Celiac Disease , Telemedicine , COVID-19 , Parents , Turkey/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 44(1): 15-18, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286593

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: los trastornos motores, hormonales, neuroendocrinos y el estado de inmunodepresión que presenta el paciente celíaco conlleva al desarrollo de alteraciones digestivas, por lo que el presente estudio pretende determinar si la celiaquía se asocia al desarrollo de lesiones preneoplásicas del tubo digestivo superior y comparar dichos resultados con un grupo control (no celíaco). Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico de casos y controles, en el Instituto Gastroenterológico Boliviano Japonés, Cochabamba, Bolivia. De forma aleatoria simple se obtuvo una muestra de 297 pacientes, para el grupo caso y control. Se utilizó el programa IMB SPSS v- 20, el análisis estadístico con la prueba de Chi cuadrado (con un valor de p=<0,05; 95% IC) y el análisis epidemiológico con el cálculo el Odds ratio (OR). Resultados: se observó una asociación estadística y epidemiológica significativa para el grupo celíaco con lesiones preneoplásicas en el tubo digestivo alto (p= 0,0001) OR 7,23 (IC 95% 5,387 -9,722) en comparación al grupo control que presenta una asociación estadística (p=0,03); pero con una significancia epidemiológica negativa OR 0,708 (IC 95% 0,639-0,783). Conclusiones: existe mayor prevalencia de pacientes celíacos con lesiones preneoplásicas (metaplasia intestinal esofágica y gástrica, atrofia gástrica, displasias), frente al grupo no celíaco. Esto demuestra la importancia del diagnóstico y pesquisa temprana de esta entidad, evitando el desarrollo de lesiones que podrían considerarse irreversibles en el sistema digestivo.


Objectives: the digestive, hormonal and neuroendocrine disorders and the state of immunosuppression that the celiac patient presents, leads to the development of digestive alterations, the present study aims to determine whether celiac disease is associated with the development of preneoplastic lesions of the upper gastrointestinal tract and compares the results with a control group (non-celiac). Methods: during the period January 2016 to January 2018 at Instituto de Gastroenterología Boliviano Japones - Cochabamba, Bolivia an observational study was conducted, subtype analytical case-control, where 297 samples were obtaining of patients in a simple random way, both for the case and control group. The IMB SPSS v-20 program was used, the statistical analysis was performed using the Chi square test (with p value = <0,05; 95% IC) and the epidemiological analysis with the calculation of the Odds ratio (OR). Results: a statistically and epidemiological significant association was observed for the celiac group with preneoplastic lesions in the upper gastrointestinal tract (p = 0,001) OR 7,23(IC 95% 5,387 -9,722) compared to the control group that presents a statistical association (p = 0,03); but with a negative epidemiological significance OR 0,708 (IC 95% 0,639 -0,783). Conclusions: there is a higher prevalence of celiac patients with preneoplastic lesions (esophageal and gastric intestinal metaplasia, gastric atrophy, dysplasia), compared to the non-celiac group. This demonstrates the importance of early diagnosis and investigation of this entity, avoiding the development of lesions that could be considered irreversible in the digestive system.


Subject(s)
Celiac Disease
15.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(1)abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386511

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La Enfermedad Celíaca (EC) es una enfermedad sistémica inmunomediada, provocada por el gluten y prolaminas relacionadas, en individuos genéticamente susceptibles. Se caracteriza por manifestaciones clínicas dependientes del gluten, anticuerpos específicos de EC, haplotipos HLA DQ2 o DQ8 y enteropatía. La mayoría de los pacientes son asintomáticos o con manifestaciones leves. Afecta principalmente el sistema gastrointestinal causando síntomas y signos como diarrea, dolor abdominal recurrente y distensión abdominal; además manifestaciones extradigestivas. Los pacientes con EC pueden tener manifestaciones bucales que incluyen estomatitis aftosa recurrente (EAR), hipoplasia del esmalte, glositis atrófica, entre otras. El diagnóstico de EC se basa en la historia clínica, serología, endoscopía e histología. Existen otras entidades que deben diferenciarse de la EC, como la sensibilidad al gluten no celíaca y la alergia al trigo. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar tres pacientes con antecedentes de EAR y otras manifestaciones clínicas asociadas al diagnóstico precoz de EC y alergia alimentaria.


Abastract: Celiac Disease (CD) is an immune-mediated systemic disease, caused by gluten and related prolamins, in genetically susceptible individuals. It is characterized by gluten-dependent clinical manifestations, CD-specific antibodies, HLA DQ2 or DQ8 haplotypes, and enteropathy. Most patients are asymptomatic or with mild manifestations. It mainly affects the gastrointestinal system causing symptoms and signs such as diarrhea, recurrent abdominal pain and abdominal distension; also extradigestive manifestations. Patients with CD may have oral manifestations that include recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS), enamel hypoplasia, atrophic glossitis, among others. The diagnosis of CD is based on clinical history, serology, endoscopy and histology. There are other entities that should be differentiated from CD, such as non-celiac gluten sensitivity and wheat allergy. The aim of this study is to present three patients with a history of RAS and other clinical manifestations associated with the early diagnosis of CD and food allergy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Aged , Stomatitis, Aphthous/diagnosis , Celiac Disease/complications , Oral Health , Wheat Hypersensitivity
16.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(1): 54-60, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1283254

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad por coronavirus (COVID-19) es altamente contagiosa y las medidas de confinamiento dinámico han demostrado que reducen significativamente el número de contagios, sin embargo, pueden alterar la disponibilidad de alimentos afectando la adherencia a la dieta libre de gluten (DLG) y la calidad de vida (CV) en la enfermedad celiaca (EC). El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los factores que limitan, la adherencia a la dieta libre de gluten y la calidad de vida en personas con enfermedad celiaca en periodo de pandemia por COVID-19. Métodos Se aplicaron encuestas on-line respecto a adherencia a la DLG, CV y acerca de los factores que han generado dificultad para llevar una DLG en este escenario. Resultados Se analizaron 216 encuestas de enfermos celiacos, mayores de 15 años, de los cuales un 91% eran mujeres con un promedio de edad de 36 + 10,7 años y con 5,8 + 6,0 años de enfermedad. El 56,48% tenía una excelente adherencia a la DLG y un 43,52% una buena CV. El costo elevado de los alimentos sin gluten fue la pregunta con mayor porcentaje de respuesta, asociándose con regular y mala adherencia a la DLG (valor p=0,001) y con pobre CV (valor p=0,023). Conclusión En periodo de pandemia por COVID-19, el costo de los alimentos se asocia con adherencia regular y mala a la DLG y con pobre CV(AU)


Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is highly contagious and dynamic confinement measures have shown to significantly reduce the number of infections, however, they can alter the availability of food, affecting adherence to a gluten-free diet (GFD) and quality of life (QoL) in celiac disease (CD). The objective of this study was to evaluate the limiting factors, adherence to a gluten-free diet and quality of life in people with celiac disease in a COVID-19 pandemic period. Methods. On-line surveys were applied regarding adherence to the GFD, CV, and factors that have generated difficulty in carrying out a GFD in this setting. Results. 216 surveys of celiac patients over 15 years of age were analyzed, of which 91% were women with an average age of 36 + 10.7 years and with 5.8 + 6.0 years of the disease. 56.48% had excellent adherence to the GFD and 43.52% had a good QoL. The high cost of gluten-free foods was the question with the highest response percentage, associated with regular and poor adherence to the GFD (p-value = 0.001) and with poor QoL (p-value = 0.023). Conclusion. In a COVID-19 pandemic period, the cost of food is associated with regular and poor adherence to the GFD and with poor QoL(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Quality of Life , Celiac Disease/diet therapy , Diet, Gluten-Free , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , COVID-19/prevention & control , Celiac Disease/economics , Quarantine , Cross-Sectional Studies , Costs and Cost Analysis , Diet, Gluten-Free/economics , COVID-19/economics
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(2): 168-172, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287807

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Refractory celiac disease is an uncommon condition which might be associated to poor prognosis. It is often treated with immunosuppressive medications, with poor results. It is divided in type 1 and type 2, the latter carrying a high risk for lymphoma and mortality. A case of a 41 year old female patient with refractory celiac disease type 2 is reported. She was treated with oral budesonide for six months, achieving histological remission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Celiac Disease/diagnosis , Budesonide
18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 549-553, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911490

ABSTRACT

Dermatitis herpetiformis is an autoimmune bullous disease associated with celiac disease, which occurs mostly in Caucasians carrying HLA-DQ2 or HLA-DQ8 alleles. Studies have shown a variety of antibodies against transglutaminase and other antigens in the serum of patients with dermatitis herpetiformis, and epidermal transglutaminase is an autoantigen. The occurrence of dermatitis herpetiformis not only is associated with genetics and gluten sensitivity, but also may be related to the imbalance of intestinal microbiome. Gluten-free diet and dapsone are still the main therapies for dermatitis herpetiformis. This review summarizes epidemiological features, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, laboratory features, diagnosis and treatment of dermatitis herpetiformis.

19.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200034, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250806

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To determine the frequency of Human leukocyte antigen alleles and to verify the association of the presence of these alleles with symptoms and other diseases related to celiac disease in patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases. Methods A questionnaire on the symptoms and diseases associated with celiac disease was applied. Genomic deoxyribonucleic acid was extracted by collecting cells from the oral mucosa. The alleles (DQA1*0501; DQB1*0201; DRB1*04) were identified by means of the polymerase chain reaction. Results A total of 110 patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases participated in this study. It was observed that 66.4% of the individuals carried at least one of the alleles assessed and that 58.2% of the individuals were positive for at least one of the DQ2 alleles (DQA1*0501; DQB1*0201) and out of these 18.2% were positive for both DQ2 alleles (DQA1*0501; DQB1*0201). With regard to DQ8 (DRB1*04), 21.8% of the studied population was positive for this allele and 3.6% was positive for both DQ2 (DQA1*0501; DQB1*0201) and DQ8 (DRB1*04). A significant association was found between the presence of the DRB1*04 allele and gastrointestinal symptoms (p=0.02). A significant association of the DRB1*04 allele with type 1 diabetes mellitus (p=0.02) was observed. Conclusion The genetic profiles most commonly associated with celiac disease, such as DQ2 (DQA1*0501; DQB1*0201) and DQ8 (DRB1*04) were around 20.0% prevalent in the studied population. These are risk haplotypes for celiac disease especially when symptoms and diseases related to celiac disease are present. Therefore, it is important to screen patients to investigate a potential diagnosis for celiac disease.


RESUMO Objetivo Determinar a frequência dos alelos do Human leukocyte antigen e verificar a associação da presença desses alelos com sintomas e outras doenças relacionados à doença celíaca em portadores de doenças autoimunes da tireoide. Métodos Aplicou-se um questionário relacionado aos sintomas e doenças associados à doença celíaca. O ácido desoxirribonucleico genômico foi extraído por meio da coleta das células da mucosa bucal. Os alelos (DQA1*0501; DQB1*0201; DRB1*04) foram identificados por meio da reação em cadeia da polimerase. Resultados Participaram deste estudo 110 portadores de doenças autoimunes da tireoide. Observou-se que 66,4% dos indivíduos carregavam pelo menos um dos alelos estudados e que 58,2% dos indivíduos eram positivos para pelo menos um dos alelos DQ2 (DQA1*0501; DQB1*0201) e destes 18,2% foram positivos para ambos alelos do DQ2(DQA1*0501; DQB1*0201). Com relação ao DQ8 (DRB1*04), 21,8% da população estudada eram positivos para esse alelo e 3,6% eram positivos tanto para o DQ2 (DQA1*0501; DQB1*0201) quanto para o DQ8 (DRB1*04). Foi encontrada associação significativa da presença do alelo DRB1*04 com os sintomas gastrointestinais (p=0,02). Houve associação significativa do alelo DRB1*04 com diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (p=0,02). Conclusão O perfil genético mais fortemente associado à doença celíaca, tais como DQ2 (DQA1*0501; DQB1*0201) e DQ8 (DRB1*04) estavam presentes em torno de 20,0% da população estudada, estes são haplótipos de risco para doença celíaca e principalmente na presença de sintomas e doenças relacionadas à doença celíaca. Sendo assim, é importante realizar o rastreamento para investigar um possível diagnóstico para doença celíaca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Thyroiditis, Autoimmune , Celiac Disease , HLA Antigens , Alleles
20.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(6): 718-721, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250301

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad celíaca tiene una considerable frecuencia en nuestro medio. La mayoría de los pacientes presenta mejoría clínica, serológica y endoscópica al poco tiempo de iniciada la dieta libre de gluten. Un muy bajo porcentaje puede presentar o desarrollar una "enfermedad celíaca complicada", entidad que comprende el esprue refractario, la yeyunitis ulcerativa y el linfoma intestinal, que conllevan pronósticos desfavorables, con requerimiento de tratamientos más radicales. Presentamos aquí el caso de un paciente de 77 años evaluado en nuestro centro, que ingresó para estudio de hemorragia digestiva aguda y se realizó finalmente diagnóstico de enfermedad celiaca complicada, requiriendo inicio de tratamiento con corticoides sistémicos y seguimiento estrecho ambulatorio.


Abstract Celiac disease is considerably frequent in our media. Gluten-free diet shows clinical, serological and endoscopic improvement in most patients shortly after its start. A few patients may present or develop a "complicated celiac disease", an entity that includes refractory sprue, ulcerative jejunitis and intestinal lymphoma, which carry unfavorable prognoses, requiring more radical treatments. We present here the case of a 77-year-old male patient evaluated in our center, who was admitted for study of acute gastrointestinal bleeding. Complicated celiac disease was diagnosed, systemic corticosteroids were started and a close follow-up was carried out.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Celiac Disease/complications , Celiac Disease/drug therapy , Prognosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/chemically induced
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL