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1.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210296, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340101

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives Human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have been used to regenerate damaged nervous tissues. However, the methods of committing DPSCs into neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) or neurospheres are highly diverse, resulting in many neuronal differentiation outcomes. This study aims to validate an optimal protocol for inducing DPSCs into neurospheres and neurons. Methodology After isolation and characterization of mesenchymal stem cell identity, DPSCs were cultured in a NSPC induction medium and culture vessels. The durations of the culture, dissociation methods, and passage numbers of DPSCs were varied. Results Neurosphere formation requires a special surface that inhibits cell attachment. Five-days was the most appropriate duration for generating proliferative neurospheres and they strongly expressed Nestin, an NSPC marker. Neurosphere reformation after being dissociated by the Accutase enzyme was significantly higher than other methods. Passage number of DPSCs did not affect neurosphere formation, but did influence neuronal differentiation. We found that the cells expressing a neuronal marker, β-tubulin III, and exhibiting neuronal morphology were significantly higher in the early passage of the DPSCs. Conclusion These results suggest a guideline to obtain a high efficiency of neurospheres and neuronal differentiation from DPSCs for further study and neurodegeneration therapeutics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Dental Pulp , Cell Differentiation
2.
NOVA publ. cient ; 18(33): 35-42, ene.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149447

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se analizó un resultado con alteración cromosómica tomado de una base de datos conformada por un total de 4755 muestras de líquido amniótico extraídos mediante amniocentesis con indicación de su médico tratante, riesgo sérico y edad materna avanzada. En este reporte se presenta la detección de un mosaico de trisomía 21 en líquido amniótico, mediante la técnica de Banda G donde se analizaron 20 metafases. Los resultados obtenidos documentan una composición cromosómica 47, XY+21 y 46, XY con una relación 9:11 respecto a las metafases analizadas, confirmándose así el diagnóstico del Síndrome de Down secundario a mosaico.


Abstract A result with chromosomal alteration was analyzed from a database consisting of a total of 4755 samples of amniotic fluid extracted by amniocentesis with indication of the attending physician, serum risk and advanced maternal age. This report presents the detection of a mosaicism of trisomy 21 in amniotic fluid, using G- Banding where 20 metaphases were analyzed. The results obtained document a chromosomal composition 47, XY + 21 and 46, XY with a 9:11 ratio with respect to the metaphases analyzed, confirming the diagnosis of Down syndrome secondary to mosaicism.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758904

ABSTRACT

The development of long-term surviving fetal cell cultures from primary cell tissue from the developing brain is important for facilitating studies investigating neural development and for modelling neural disorders and brain congenital defects. The field faces current challenges in co-culturing both progenitors and neurons long-term. Here, we culture for the first time, porcine fetal cells from the dorsal telencephalon at embryonic day (E) 50 and E60 in conditions that promoted both the survival of progenitor cells and young neurons. We applied a novel protocol designed to collect, isolate and promote survival of both progenitors and young neurons. Herein, we used a combination of low amount of fetal bovine serum, together with pro-survival factors, including basic fibroblast growth factor and retinoic acid, together with arabinofuranosylcytosine and could maintain progenitors and facilitate in vitro differentiation into calbindin 1+ neurons and reelin+ interneurons for a period of 7 days. Further improvements to the protocol that might extend the survival of the fetal primary neural cells would be beneficial. The development of new porcine fetal culture methods is of value for the field, given the pig's neuroanatomical and developmental similarities to the human brain.


Subject(s)
Brain , Calbindins , Cell Culture Techniques , Congenital Abnormalities , Cytarabine , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Interneurons , Neurons , Stem Cells , Telencephalon , Tretinoin
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring (Muse) by immunomagnetic bead screening from Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stromal cells(WJ-MSCs), and explore transplantation of Muse cell for safety and effectivensess of sub acute cord injury in rats.@*METHODS@#Donated Wharton's Jelly-mesenchymal stromal cells (WJ-MSCs) were successfully derived from a human umbilical cord by a series of procedures namely physical isolation of Wharton's Jelly from cord membrane, collagenase and trypsin treatment and density gradient centrifugation. Magnetic activated cell sorting was performed to specifically select SSEA3+ Muse cells, and flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry were used to identify further. In vivo, spinal cord contusion injury model in rats was induced by NYU-III impactor, and were randomly divided and equally into four groups, namely group A (sham), group B (control), group C (Non-Muse cells transplantation) and group D (Muse cells transplantation). Laminectomy was conducted in group A but no spinal cord contusion injury. Laminectomy and cord injury were performed in group B, C and D, 10 g trip rod was freely falling down from 12.5 mm. Two weeks later, group B, C and D were received PBS injection, Non-Muse cells transplantation and Muse cells transplantation respectively, four-point injection were performed in each cord with totally 4×10⁵ cells. BBB scores were evaluated on 1 day, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 week after injury. Four weeks after cell transplantation, the rats were sacrificed, and immunohistochemistry were carried out to observe survival, migration and differentiation of the injected cells.@*RESULTS@#The expression of CD105, CD90 and CD73 were over 99.5% in the derived WJ-MSCs population, but CD45 and CD14 were lower than 0.5%, positive rate of SSEA3+ was 1.46% under flow cytometer, However, after MACS sorting, the percentage of 92.0% Muse cells expressed SSEA3 and CD105, and immunohistochemistry results of SSEA3 showed typically membrane morphology with special processes. In vivo, BBB scores was 21 in group A at different time points. One-way ANOVA and LSD analysis showed that BBB scores in group C and D were significantly higher than that in group B (=0.004, 0.002), but there was no significantly difference between group C and D. Further intra-group paired t test showed that BBB score was significantly higher at 4 weeks than that 3 weeks in group C (=0.005). However, in group D, BBB scores were significantly higher at 4 and 6 week than those at 3 and 5 weeks, values were 0.005 and 0.016 respectively. Immunohistochemistry results showed that both Muse cells and Non-Muse cells could survive for 4 weeks in rats and they migrated from the four-point injection to injury site. But there showed more Muse cells survival than Non-Muse cells in the cord.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Immunomagnetic bead screening is efficient to select large number of purified SSEA3+ Muse cells. Muse cells could survive and target-migrate in injured cord to improve BBB scores continuously. Muse cells are a novel kind of seed cells in the spinal cord injury treatment.


Subject(s)
Alprostadil , Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries , Umbilical Cord , Wharton Jelly
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803114

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate amniotic fluid cell inheritance and re-culture in cases of amniotic fluid with abnormal traits.@*Methods@#From January 2014 to December 2018, 15 cases of amniotic fluid with abnormal traits in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were selected in amniocentesis.Amniotic fluid cells were routinely seeded and cultured for 10 days, then subcultured into other culture bottles.The number of cells and karyotyping after harvesting were counted.@*Results@#Seven of 15 cases of amniotic fluid color were slightly darker, 3 cases were pink as water washed meat, and 5 cases were light brown or brown.The average number of cells in original bottles was (2.40±5.87)×105/mL, the average number of cells in inheritance bottles was (2.76±0.64)×106/mL.All 15 samples in the cell inheritance bottles got satisfactory results in cell karyotype analysis.@*Conclusion@#Amniotic fluid cell inheritance and re-culture can increase the number of cells in amniotic fluid cell culture and improve the success rate of karyotyping.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 346-353, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745406

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of current study is to determine the effect and mechanism of thymic stromal lymphopoietin on apoptosis of mouse nucleus pulposus cells by investigating the apoptotic activity and variation of intracellular phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-Akt),X-linkedinhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP),cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3 (caspase-3),with the treatment of thymic stromal lymphopoietin.Methods Mouse lumbar nucleus pulposus cells were cultured and identified under a fluorescence microscope.Second or third passage cells maintained in monolayers were used for the following experiments.The groups were divided randomly into normal group,TNF-α treated group,TSLP treated group,TSLP+LY94002 treated group and TSLP+Embelin treated group.As a control,normal group was treated with PBS.TNF-α treated group was treated with 500 ng/ml TNF-αt as a positive control.TSLP treated group was treated with 10 ng/ml rhTSLP.TSLP+LY94002 treated group and TSLP+ Embelin treated group were treated with 10 ng/ml TSLP with the pretreatment of different pathway inhibitors for 30 ain in different corresponding experiments,for which 10 μ mol LY294002 or 50 LY294002 responding experimentsreatment of different pathway inhibitors formouse nucleus pulposus cells was detected by FACS.The expression levels of the intracellular p-Akt,XIAP,caspase-3 were investigated by Western blot analysis.Results As the culture cell type Ⅱ collagen staining was positive observed by fluorescence microscopy,we confirmed that the cuhured cells were nucleus pulposus cells.In comparison with negative control,the levels of p-Akt,XIAP in TSLP treated group were elevated (t=9.510,P=0.001;t=8.851,P=0.001).Thecaspase-3 activity were slightly enhanced and the rate of cells apoptosis was no significance.Compared with TSLP treated group,downregulated level of pAkt and XIAPand upregulatedcaspase-3 activity in TSLP+LY294002 treated group were observed (t=8.798,P=0.001;t=7.032,P=0.002;t=5.908,P=0.004).Upregulated caspase-3 activity were also observed in TSLP+ Embelin treated group (t=7.990,P=0.001).Furthermore,significant increased apoptotic cell rate was observed in TSLP+LY294002 or TSLP+Embelin treated groups (t=21.268,P=0.001;t=21.279,P=0.001).Conclusion TSLP may have a potential anti-apoptotic effect on mouse NP cells via upregulating XIAP in PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to restrain the activation of caspase-3.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753812

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate amniotic fluid cell inheritance and re -culture in cases of amniotic fluid with abnormal traits.Methods From January 2014 to December 2018,15 cases of amniotic fluid with abnormal traits in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were selected in amniocentesis .Amniotic fluid cells were routinely seeded and cultured for 10 days,then subcultured into other culture bottles.The number of cells and karyotyping after harvesting were counted.Results Seven of 15 cases of amniotic fluid color were slightly darker ,3 cases were pink as water washed meat ,and 5 cases were light brown or brown.The average number of cells in original bottles was (2.40 ±5.87)×105/mL, the average number of cells in inheritance bottles was (2.76 ±0.64)×106/mL.All 15 samples in the cell inheritance bottles got satisfactory results in cell karyotype analysis .Conclusion Amniotic fluid cell inheritance and re-culture can increase the number of cells in amniotic fluid cell culture and improve the success rate of karyotyping.

8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180291, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-984570

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic effects of modified triple antibiotic paste and an experimental composition using calcium hydroxide on lipoteichoic acid (LTA)-primed apical papilla cells (APC). Material and Methods Human APC were tested for in vitro cytotoxicity of modified Triple Antibiotic Paste (mTAP - Ciprofloxacin, Metronidazole and Cefaclor at 1:1:1) and of a paste of Ciprofloxacin, Metronidazole and Calcium hydroxide (CMC - 1:1:2) and modified CMC (mCMC - 2:2:1) by using MTT assay. The substances were reconstituted in DMEM at 1,000 µg/mL and » serially diluted before being kept in contact with cells for 1, 3, 5 and 7 days. Further, cells were primed with 1 µg/mL of Enterococcus faecalis LTA for 7 days prior to the viability test with 1,000 µg/mL of each substance. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and two-way ANOVA respectively followed by Tukey's post-test. Significance levels were set at p<0.05. Results In the first assay, the higher cytotoxic rates were reached by mTAP for all experimental periods. CMC was found toxic for APC at 5 and 7 days, whereas mCMC did not affect the cell viability. Only CMC and mCMC were able to induce some cellular proliferation. In the second assay, when considering the condition with medium only, LTA-primed cells significantly proliferated in comparison to LTA-untreated ones. At this context, mTAP and CMC showed similar cytotoxicity than the observed for LTA-untreated cells, while mCMC was shown cytotoxic at 7 days only for LTA-primed APC. Comparing the medications, mTAP was more cytotoxic than CMC and mCMC. Conclusion mTAP showed higher cytotoxicity than CMC and mCMC and the effect of topic antimicrobials might differ when tested against apical papilla cells under physiological or activated conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Teichoic Acids/toxicity , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Enterococcus faecalis/chemistry , Tooth Apex/cytology , Dental Papilla/cytology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/toxicity , Root Canal Irrigants/toxicity , Time Factors , Calcium Hydroxide/toxicity , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Ciprofloxacin/toxicity , Ciprofloxacin/chemistry , Cefaclor/toxicity , Cefaclor/chemistry , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Tooth Apex/drug effects , Dental Papilla/drug effects , Metronidazole/toxicity , Metronidazole/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e058, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019608

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cementum is the mineralized tissue covering the tooth root that functions in tooth attachment and post-eruptive adjustment of tooth position. It has been reported to be highly similar to bone in several respects but remains poorly understood in terms of development and regeneration. Here, we investigate whether cementocytes, the residing cells in cellular cementum, have the potential to be protagonist in cementum homeostasis, responding to endocrine signals and directing local cementum metabolism. Cells from healthy erupted human teeth were isolated using sequential collagenase/EDTA digestions, and maintained in standard cell culture conditions. A cementocyte-like cell line was cloned (HCY-23, for human cementocyte clone 23), which presented a cementocyte compatible gene expression signature, including the expression of dentin matrix protein 1 ( DMP1 ), sclerostin ( SOST ), and E11/gp38/podoplanin ( E11 ). In contrast, these cells did not express the odontoblast/dentin marker dentin sialoprotein ( DSPP ). HCY-23 cells produced mineral-like nodules in vitro under differentiation conditions, and were highly responsive to inorganic phosphate (Pi). Within the limits of the present study, it can be concluded that cementocytes are phosphate-responsive cells, and have the potential do play a key role in periodontal homeostasis and regeneration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Genetic Markers/genetics , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Dental Cementum/cytology , Phosphates/pharmacology , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Sialoglycoproteins/analysis , Sialoglycoproteins/genetics , Time Factors , Membrane Glycoproteins/analysis , Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics , Gene Expression , Cell Line , Analysis of Variance , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/analysis , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/genetics , Dental Cementum/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Molar/cytology
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e042, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001597

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study evaluated the cytotoxicity and biocompatibility of a new bioceramic endodontic sealer (i.e., Sealer Plus BC) in comparison with those of MTA Fillapex and AH Plus. L929 fibroblasts were cultured and Alamar Blue was used to evaluate cell viability of diluted extracts (1:50, 1:100, and 1:200) from each sealer at 24 h. Polyethylene tubes that were filled with material or empty (as a control) were implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. The rats were killed after 7 and 30 d (n = 8), and the tubes were removed for histological analysis. Parametric data was analyzed using a one-way ANOVA test, and nonparametric data was analyzed via the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by the Dunn test (p < 0.05). A reduction in cell viability was observed in the extracts that were more diluted for Sealer Plus BC when compared to that of Control and AH Plus (p < 0.05). However, the 1:50 dilution of the Sealer Plus BC was similar to that of the Control (p > 0.05). Conversely, more diluted extracts of MTA Fillapex (1:200) and AH Plus (1:100 and 1:200) were similar to the Control (p > 0.05). Histological analysis performed at 7 d did not indicate any significant difference between tissue response for all materials, and the fibrous capsule was thick (p > 0.05). At 30 d, Sealer Plus BC was similar to the Control (p > 0.05) and MTA Fillapex and AH Plus exhibited greater inflammation than the Control (p < 0.05). The fibrous capsule was thin for the Control and for most specimens of Sealer Plus BC and AH Plus. Thus, Sealer Plus BC is biocompatible when compared to MTA Fillapex and AH Plus, and it is less cytotoxic when less-diluted extracts are used.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Bone Cements/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Ceramics/chemistry , Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Cements/toxicity , Bone Cements/pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques , Materials Testing , Calcium Hydroxide/toxicity , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/blood , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Drug Combinations , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Inflammation
11.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2018. 152 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-911430

ABSTRACT

O tratamento endodôntico de dentes permanentes jovens representa um grande desafio clínico devido a presença de paredes dentinárias finas, divergentes ou paralelas e ápice aberto, o que dificulta a desinfecção e a execução dos procedimentos convencionais. Terapias de regeneração endodôntica envolvem o uso de materiais capazes de promover uma desinfecção eficaz sem causar citotoxicidade, além de induzir a diferenciação de células-tronco ou bioestimular células remanescentes do tecido pulpar mesmo após a injúria. Nesse contexto, os flavonoides, polifenóis presentes em frutas e vegetais, poderiam ser agentes interessantes para o tratamento endodôntico de dentes imaturos devido a sua amplitude terapêutica. Dessa forma, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar o efeito antimicrobiano, citotóxico e indutor de mineralização de flavonoides com finalidade de aplicação endodôntica. Este trabalho de tese foi dividido em três capítulos. O capítulo 1 avaliou a toxicidade dos flavonoides taxifolina, crisina, pinocembrina e galangina sobre fibroblastos pelo ensaio de MTT, a atividade antimicrobiana pela determinação da concentração inibitória e bactericida mínima, e a ação antibiofilme do flavonoide com melhor efeito antimicrobiano, por meio de ensaios em placas de poliestireno e em dentina radicular bovina por meio da análise por microscopia confocal. Os resultados mostraram que o flavonoide taxifolina não foi tóxico para os fibroblastos em nenhuma das concentrações analisadas, enquanto que os flavonoides crisina, pinocembrina e galangina apresentaram efeitos citotóxicos. Crisina, pinocembrina e galangina não apresentaram efeito antimicrobiano frente E. faecalis and S. mutans nas concentrações testadas. A taxifolina foi capaz de inibir todas as bactérias testadas, eliminar biofilmes de E. faecalis e S. mutans em placas de poliestireno e reduzir significantemente o biofilme de E. faecalis em túbulos dentinários. O capítulo 2 avaliou a citotoxicidade do flavonoide taxifolina e o seu potencial sobre a indução de marcadores de mineralização dentinária (produção de fosfatase alcalina - ALP, nódulos de mineralização ­ NM e expressão dos genes DSPP ­ sialofosfoproteína dentinária e DMP-1 ­ proteína da matriz dentinária - 1) em células semelhantes a odontoblastos MDPC-23, após tratamentos de 24, 72h e contínuo. A taxifolina não apresentou citotoxicidade em nenhum dos três tipos de tratamento analisados. Todas as concentrações do tratamento de 24h e as concentrações de 10 e 5µM do tratamento de 72h aumentaram a atividade de ALP. A formação de NM aumentou com os tratamentos de taxifolina à 10µM em ambos os tratamentos de 24 e 72h, e à 5µM no tratamento de 24h. A expressão de DMP-1 aumentou com o tratamento de taxifolina em ambos os tratamentos de 24 e 72h, enquanto que a de DSPP aumentou apenas com o tratamento de 72h na concentração de 5µM. O capítulo 3 avaliou a citotoxicidade da taxifolina, e o seu potencial sobre a indução de marcadores de mineralização óssea (ALP, NM e expressão dos genes ALP e colágeno 1 - Col-1) em células semelhantes a osteoblastos Saos-2, após tratamentos de 24, 72h e contínuo. Os resultados mostraram que os tratamentos com taxifolina nas concentrações de 10, 5 e 1µM não foram citotóxicos em nenhum dos períodos analisados. O tratamento de 72h da taxifolina à 10µM foi capaz de aumentar a atividade de ALP e a formação de NM, além de aumentar a expressão de Col-1 após 13 dias. O tratamento de 24h da taxifolina na concentração de 10µM aumentou a expressão de ALP após 6 dias. Conclui-se que a taxifolina é um flavonoide com potencial uso para o tratamento endodôntico de dentes permanentes jovens, devido à sua ação antimicrobiana/antibiofilme, baixa citotoxicidade e capacidade de estimular a mineralização em odontoblastos e osteoblastos(AU)


The endodontic treatment of young permanent teeth represents a great clinical challenge due to the presence of thin, divergent or parallel dentin walls and the open apex that makes it difficult to disinfect and perform conventional endodontic procedures. Endodontic regeneration therapies involve the use of materials capable of promoting effective disinfection without causing cytotoxicity, in addition to inducing differentiation of stem cells or biostimulating remaining pulp tissue cells even after injury. In this context, the flavonoids, polyphenols present in fruits and vegetables, could be interesting agents for the endodontic treatment of immature teeth due to the wide therapeutic use. Thus, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the antimicrobial, cytotoxic effects and capacity of mineralization induction of flavonoids for endodontic application. This thesis was divided into three chapters. The chapter 1 evaluated the toxicity of taxifolin, chrysin, pinocembrin and galangin flavonoids on fibroblasts by the MTT method, antimicrobial activity by determining the minimum inhibitory and bactericidal concentrations and analyzed the antibiofilm action of the flavonoid with the best antimicrobial effect, by means of the biofilm assays in polystyrene plates and in bovine root dentin and confocal microscopy analysis. The results showed that the flavonoid taxifolin was not toxic on fibroblasts in any tested concentration, while chrysin, pinocembrin and galangin flavonoids showed cytotoxic effects. Chrysin, pinocembrin and galangin showed no antimicrobial effect against E. faecalis and S. mutans in any tested concentrations. Taxifolin was able to inhibit all tested bacteria, to eliminate E. faecalis and S. mutans biofilms on polystyrene plates and significantly reduce E. faecalis biofilms from the dentin tubules. The chapter 2 evaluated the cytotoxicity of taxifolin and its potential on the induction of dentin mineralization markers (alkaline phosphatase production - ALP, mineralization nodules - MN and expression of genes DSPP - dentin sialophosphoprotein and DMP-1 - dentin matrix protein - 1) on odontoblast-like cells MDPC-23, after treatments of 24, 72h and continuous. Taxifolin did not present cytotoxicity at any of the three types of treatments analyzed. All concentrations of 24h-treatment and 10 and 5µM of 72htreatment increased ALP activity. NM formation increased with taxifolin treatments at 10µM in both 24 e 72h treatments, and at 5µM in the 24h-treatment. Expression of DMP-1 increased with taxifolin in both 24 e 72h-treatments, whereas DSPP expression increased only with 72h-treatment at 5µM. The chapter 3 evaluated the cytotoxicity of taxifolin and its potential on the induction of bone mineralization markers (ALP, NM and expression of ALP and collagen 1 -Col-1 genes) on Saos-2 osteoblast-like cells, after treatments of 24, 72h and continuous. The results showed that taxifolin treatments at 10, 5 and 1µM were not cytotoxic in any of the periods analyzed. The 72h-treatment of taxifolin at 10µM was able to increase ALP activity and NM formation, in addition to increasing Col-1 expression after 13 days. The 24h-treatment of taxifolin at 10µM increased ALP expression after 6 days. It is concluded that taxifolin is a flavonoid with potential use for endodontic treatment of young permanent teeth due to its antimicrobial/antibiofilm action, low cytotoxicity and ability to stimulate mineralization in odontoblasts and osteoblasts(AU)


Subject(s)
Flavonoids , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Cell Culture Techniques , Dentinogenesis , Osteogenesis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707515

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore a practical and feasible method for isolation,culture and identification of mouse bone marrow endothelial progenitor cells(EPCs).Methods Bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells isolated by density gradient centrifugation were cultured in endothelial cell growth medium-2 MV medium.Growth and morphological changes of the cells were observed under inverted microscopy.Cell proliferation was observed by cell counting kit-8 assay.Surface markers of the EPCs were detected by flow cytometry.Angiogenic tube formation was determined by Matrigel tube formation assay.Fluores cein isothiocyanat e-ulex europaeus agglutinin-1 (FITC-UEA-1) binding and Dil-Ac-LDL uptake capabilities were observed by fluorescent microscopy.Results In the early stage,the cells were round and spindle-shaped after induced culture for 4 days.After 7 days,the cells grew in colony arrangement and gradually increased in number.After 14 days,the cells were differently shaped,such as short shuttle and triangle.After 21 days,the typical "paving stone" appearance of the cells was observed.The cells were positive for endothelial markers in flow cytometry:CD34 + (84.3%),vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 + (74.1%),but CD45 + (4.04%).The cells were capable of forming capillary-like tubes,up-taking Dil-Ac-LDL and binding FITC-UEA-1 in Matrigels.Conclusions A reliable method for isolation,culture and identification of mouse bone marrow EPCs may be improved on the basis of previous experiences.Since the EPCs obtained by this method may be capable of good proliferation,large in number,and stable in biological characteristics,they can serve as ideal seed cells for related subsequent studies.

13.
Tumor ; (12): 894-900, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848350

ABSTRACT

Cancer is one of the major “killers” threatening human health, but so far there is not very effective treatment. Although chemotherapy is the most commonly used for the non-surgical treatment of cancer, due to the extensive presence of tumor heterogeneity, many cases of multidrug resistance and the failure in treatment of tumors can be found everywhere. In order to avoid the blindness of chemotherapy and improve the efficiency of chemotherapy, the personalized therapy of cancer based on chemosensitivity test has come into being. After more than half a century of evolution, the new methods of chemosensitivity test have been developed continuously, with a simple, rapid, accurate and reliable trend. A series of clinical studies have confirmed the importance of chemosensitivity test in guiding personalized therapy of cancer. However, the previous literatures have not distinguished the methods of culture and detection involved in chemosensitivity test, which is easy to cause conceptual confusion. Hence, the most commonly used methods of chemosensitivity test are reorganized in this article, with emphases on the introduction of three-dimensional cell culture, bioluminescence assay, fluorescence analysis and electric cell-substrate impedance sensing, to have a more comprehensive and in-depth understanding of chemosensitivity test.

14.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 526-529, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710422

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate an efficient rapid method for the isolation and cultivation of human axillary dermal papilla cells.Methods Skin specimens with hair follicles were obtained from the axillary area of patients who received bromhidrosis surgery in the Department of Dermatology of the First Affiliated Hospital to Army Medical University from October 2015 to May 2016.The axillary dermal papilla cells were isolated by two-step enzyme digestion method,one-step digestion method and micro-dissection method separately.Then,axillary dermal papilla cells were cultured and identified.Differences in the operative procedure,separation efficiency and adhesion efficiency of dermal papilla cells,cell emigration duration,total operation duration and actual operation duration were compared among the above 3 methods.Results Compared with the one-step digestion method and micro-dissection method,the two-step enzyme digestion method showed simpler operative procedure,more than 30% separation rate and 96% adhesion rate of dermal papilla cells after 1 week.Moreover,the cell emigration duration was shortened by 3-4 days by the two-step enzyme digestion method.The two-step enzyme digestion method also showed longer total operation duration,but shorter actual operation duration compared with the one-step digestion method and micro-dissection method,as well as lower contamination rate compared with the micro-dissection method.Cultured axillary dermal papilla cells grew in an aggregative pattern in the early stage,but grew in a nonaggregative pattern after 6 passages.Immunofluorescence assay showed positive staining for laminin and collagen Ⅳ in axillary dermal papilla cells.Conclusion The modified two-step enzyme digestion method is a kind of simple,efficient and rapid method for the isolation of human axillary dermal papilla cells,and axillary dermal papilla cells can be harvested through this method by using a few specimens.

15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 20(3): 126-131, 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-868115

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi isolar células do tecido pulpar de dentes decíduos humanos, avaliar a capacidade de proliferação, caracterizá-las e normatizar as técnicas de cultivo e expansão celular destas para a criação de um banco de células. Material e métodos: Dentes decíduos sem cárie e com indicação ortodôntica de para extração foram utilizados como doadores de tecido para a pesquisa. As células foram extraídas de tecidos pulpares, isoladas e cultivadas em condições ideais até alcançarem confluência. Resultados: Após consecutivas passagens, as células cultivadas foram caracterizadas por meio de técnicas de imunofluorescência e congeladas entre a 2ª e a 6ª passagem, criando-se um biorrepositório de células da polpa de dentes decíduos humanos. Conclusão: A criação de bancos de células pulpares de dentes decíduos humanos permite uma aplicação mais ágil nas pesquisas laboratoriais, reduzindo o tempo e o custo da obtenção de novas amostras. Evita necessidade de triagem e obtenção de novos doadores de dentes e tecidos, e permite maior rapidez nas repetições de protocolos de pesquisas. (AU)


Objective: This study aimed to isolate the cells from the dental pulp tissue of human primary teeth, study the capacity of proliferation, characterize the cells and standardize the technique of culture and expansion to create a cell banking. Material and Methods: Primary teeth with no caries and orthodontic reasons were extracted for pulp tissue obtainment. The cells were extracted from the pulp cells, isolated and cultured under ideal conditions until full expansion. Results: After consecutive passages, the cultured cells were characterized using immunofluorescence technique and frozen between the 2nd and 6th passage, thus creating a biorepository of dental pulp cells from human primary teeth. Conclusion: The creation of a cell banking from dental pulp cells from human primary teeth enables the easy application of cells in laboratorial studies, reducing the cost and time for obtaining the samples, avoid the involvement of new subjects and allow a fast reproducibility of the researches. (AU)


Subject(s)
Cell Culture Techniques , Cryopreservation , Dental Pulp , Fibroblasts , Tooth, Deciduous
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224195

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Cranioplasty using a cryopreserved skull flap is a wide spread practice. The most well-known complications of cranioplasty are postoperative surgical infections and bone flap resorption. In order to find biological evidence of cryopreserved cranioplasty, we investigated microorganism contamination of cryopreserved skulls and cultured osteoblasts from cryopreserved skulls. METHODS: Cryopreserved skull flaps of expired patients stored in a bone bank were used. Cryopreserved skulls were packaged in a plastic bag and wrapped with cotton cloth twice. After being crushed by a hammer, cancellous bone between the inner and outer table was obtained. The cancellous bone chips were thawed in a water bath of 30°C rapidly. After this, osteoblast culture and general microorganism culture were executed. Osteoblast cultures were done for 3 weeks. Microorganism cultures were done for 72 hours. RESULTS: A total of 47 cryopreserved skull flaps obtained from craniectomy was enrolled. Of the sample, 11 people were women, and the average age of patients was 55.8 years. Twenty four people had traumatic brain injuries, and 23 people had vascular diseases. Among the patients with traumatic brain injuries, two had fracture compound comminuted depressed. The duration of cryopreservation was, on average, 83.2 months (9 to 161 months). No cultured osteoblast was observed. No microorganisms were cultured. CONCLUSION: In this study, neither microorganisms nor osteoblasts were cultured. The biological validity of cryopreserved skulls cranioplasty was considered low. However, the usage of cryopreserved skulls for cranioplasty is worthy of further investigation in the aspect of cost-effectiveness and risk-benefit of post-cranioplasty infection.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Infections , Baths , Bone Banks , Brain Injuries , Cell Culture Techniques , Cryopreservation , Decompressive Craniectomy , Female , Humans , Osteoblasts , Plastics , Skull , Vascular Diseases , Water
17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 566-569, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613159

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the cell-fusion modes and contractive characteristics of myotubes formed by muscle satellite cells in vitro. Methods The muscle satellite cells in quadriceps femoris of six 2-day-old SD rats were isolated, cultured and identified by immunofluorescence; the cell-fusion modes and contractive characteristics of myotubes were observed and recorded under microscope. Results The positve cells expressing marker Pax7 were obtained by immunofluorescence, and the purity was 90.3%. Myotubes were fused by several cells, cell and myotube or myotube and myotube. There were myotubes of spontaneous contraction on the conditions of no acetylcholine, no electric stimulation or no contiguous cells. Conclusion The myotubes of spontaneous contraction are fused by muscle satellite cells through three cell-fusion modes in vitro.

18.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 510-514, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612226

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore a stable and feasible method for the primary culture of breast cancer-associated fibroblast (CAF), and to offer the theoretical basis for the further studies about the role of CAF in the processing of breast cancer by analyzing the biological property of CAF. Methods CAF was primary cultured with tissue block enzymolytic method. Flow cytometry (FCM) was used to detect the cell cycle. The expression of Vimentin, α-SMA and Ki-67 were detected by cell immunochemistry method. Transwell assay was used to detect the invasion and migration capacity of CAF. Results The CAF was successfullyculturedbyconditionoptimization.ImmunohistochemicalresultsshowedthatVimentin, α-SMA and Ki-67 were highly expressed in CAF.Comparedwithfibroblastsfrombreastcancersidestissues,the proliferating ability and the invasion and migration capacities of CAF were enhanced (number of invasive cells: 79.7 ± 3.5 vs. 66.3 ± 1.5, number of migrated cells: 242.3 ± 3.1 vs. 218.3 ± 2.1, both P<0.05). Conclusion CAF cultured from breast cancer has better proliferating ability and strong invasion and migration capacities.

19.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 5-8, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508068

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the influence of different coating materials and cultural conditions on the purification and growth of human epidermal melanocytes. Methods The full-thick foreskin, epidermis and cell suspension obtained from human foreskin were cultured in the plates, which were precoated with matrigel or laminin respectively. When having reached 80%-90%confluence, the cells were treated with 0.05%trypsin-EDTA for 4 minutes and resuspended in M254 medium, which were supplemented with G418 and 5-BrdU, respectively. The purity of melanocytes was observed by an immunofluorescence staining with melanocyte markers. Results During the primary culture, the cell suspension generated more cells at faster speed compared with those of skin explants and epidermal specimen. Moreover, the epidermis released cells earlier and proliferated quickly over skin explants. The melanocytes in the plates coated with laminin other than with matrigel displayed faster and better growth. The unwanted keratinocytes and fibroblasts were removed by using differentiation trypsinition combined with supplement of G418 or 5-BrdU. Conclusion Using a plate coated with laminin to culture cell suspension from human foreskin, and via a differentiation trypsinization combined with supplement of small doses of G418 to subculture the cells, is advantageous to the melanocyte purification, without affecting their growth.

20.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 6-12, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37420

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Kinetin is a plant hormone that regulates growth and differentiation. Keratinocytes, the basic building blocks of the epidermis, function in maintaining the skin barrier. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether kinetin induces skin barrier functions in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: To evaluate the efficacy of kinetin at the cellular level, expression of keratinocyte differentiation markers was assessed. Moreover, we examined the clinical efficacy of kinetin by evaluating skin moisture, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), and skin surface roughness in patients who used kinetin-containing cream. We performed quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to measure the expression of keratinocyte differentiation markers in HaCaT cells following treatment. A clinical trial was performed to assess skin moisture, TEWL, and evenness of skin texture in subjects who used kinetin-containing cream for 4 weeks. RESULTS: Kinetin increased involucrin, and keratin 1 mRNA in HaCaT cells. Moreover, use of a kinetin-containing cream improved skin moisture and TEWL while decreasing roughness of skin texture. CONCLUSION: Kinetin induced the expression of keratinocyte differentiation markers, suggesting that it may affect differentiation to improve skin moisture content, TEWL, and other signs of skin aging. Therefore, kinetin is a potential new component for use in cosmetics as an anti-aging agent that improves the barrier function of skin.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Differentiation , Cell Culture Techniques , Epidermis , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Keratin-1 , Keratinocytes , Kinetin , Plants , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Skin Aging , Skin , Treatment Outcome , Water
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