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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927899

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of Xuanfu Daizhe decoction on the stemness of esophageal cancer cells. Methods: The BALB/c nude mice were randomly divided into the control group and experimental group, 5 mice in each group, which were continuously administered with normal saline and Xuanfu Daizhe decoction (9.89 g/kg) by gastrogavage, respectively. Human esophageal carcinoma cells ECA-109 (5×106) were subcutaneously injected into the mice on the 8th day. Tumor volume was measured twice a week. The mice were sacrificed 4 weeks after injection, and the tumor tissue and mouse serum were collected. The expressions of the major stemness-regulating transcription factors, i.e., NANOG, OCT4 and SOX2, were detected by RT-qPCR, Western Blot and immunohistochemistry. ECA-109 cells were treated with 10% fetal bovine serum and serum from the above two groups of mice for 48 hours respectively, and three replicate wells were set in each group, and the expressions of NANOG, OCT4, SOX2 and the levels of AKT and p-AKT were detected by RT-qPCR and Western Blot, respectively. ALDH activity in tumor cells was detected by flow cytometry; the number of spheroids of tumor cells was detected by the spheroidization experiment. Results: Compared with the control group, the growth and size of esophageal cancer tumors were significantly inhibited by Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction; the expressions of NANOG, OCT4, SOX2, the ALDH activity, the number of spheroids, and the levels of AKT and phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT) in esophageal cancer cells were significantly reduced by Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction both in vivo and in vitro. Conclusion: Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction inhibits the stemness of esophageal cancer cells, it may be a potentially effective drug for the treatment of esophageal cancer and provides a theoretical basis for the exploration of new effective drugs for the treatment of esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Mice , Mice, Nude , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Transcription Factors
2.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(2): 101-104, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249655

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Approximately 80% of the world population experiences some type of back pain at some point in their life, and in 10% of this population the pain causes chronic disability resulting in a high cost for the treatment of these patients, in addition to compromising their work and social interaction abilities. Current treatment strategies include the surgical procedure for degenerated intervertebral disc resection, the nerve root block and physiotherapy. However, such treatments only relieve symptoms and do not prevent the degeneration of intervertebral discs. Therefore, new therapeutic strategies have emerged and include manipulating cells to recover the degenerated disc. This article will discuss the possible cell therapy alternatives used in the disc regeneration process, featuring a descriptive study of translational medicine that involves clinical aspects of new treatment alternatives and knowledge of basic research areas, such as cellular and molecular biology. Level of evidence V; Expert Opinion.


RESUMO Aproximadamente 80% da população mundial sofre algum tipo de dor nas costas em alguma fase de vida, sendo que em 10% dessa população, as dores acarretam incapacidade crônica, deflagrando alto custo de tratamento desses pacientes, além de comprometer as habilidades de trabalho e convívio social desses indivíduos. As estratégias de tratamento atuais incluem o procedimento cirúrgico por ressecção do disco intervertebral degenerado, bloqueio de raízes nervosas e fisioterapia. Entretanto, tais tratamentos apenas aliviam os sintomas e não impedem que ocorra a degeneração de discos intervertebrais. Portanto, novas estratégias terapêuticas têm surgido e incluem a manipulação de células com o objetivo de recuperar o disco degenerado. No presente artigo, serão discutidas as diferentes possibilidades alternativas de terapias celulares no processo de regeneração discal, caracterizando um estudo descritivo da medicina translacional que envolve aspectos clínicos de novas alternativas de tratamento e o conhecimento de áreas básicas de pesquisa como biologia celular e molecular. Nível de evidência V; Opinião do Especialista.


RESUMEN Aproximadamente 80% de la población mundial sufre algún tipo de dolor de espalda en alguna etapa de la vida, y en 10% de esa población, los dolores causan incapacidad crónica, deflagrando alto costo de tratamiento de esos pacientes, además de comprometer las habilidades laborales y convivencia social de esos individuos. Las estrategias de tratamiento actuales incluyen el procedimiento quirúrgico para la resección del disco intervertebral degenerado, bloqueo de las raíces nerviosas y fisioterapia. Entretanto, tales tratamientos solo alivian los síntomas y no impiden que ocurra la degeneración de discos intervertebrales. Por lo tanto, han surgido nuevas estrategias terapéuticas e incluyen la manipulación de células con el objetivo de recuperar el disco degenerado. En el presente artículo se discutirán las diferentes posibilidades alternativas de las terapias celulares en el proceso de regeneración discal, caracterizando un estudio descriptivo de la medicina traslacional que involucra aspectos clínicos de nuevas alternativas de tratamiento y conocimiento de áreas básicas de investigación como biología celular y molecular. Nivel de evidencia V; Opinión del especialista.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Intervertebral Disc
3.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 23(1): https://revista.pgsskroton.com/index.php/JHealthSci/article/view/7808, 20210330.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179374

ABSTRACT

Low-level laser therapy has been investigated as a possible stimulus for enhancement of proliferation and differentiation of various cell types, but few reports relate undifferentiated mouse pulp cells (OD-21) response to irradiation in in vitro models. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of low-level laser therapy (λ=660 nm), with three different irradiation times, on the behavior of OD-21 cell line. The cells were cultivated and divided into three groups: non-irradiated/control (group I); irradiated with 88 s (group II); irradiated with 177 s (group III) and irradiated with 265 s (group IV). Cell growth and viability were assessed after 7 and 10 days. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and MannWhitney tests (α=.05). At day 7, there was a higher cell growth in groups I and II, as compared to group IV (p<.01). At the 10th day, group I showed a higher cell growth as compared to group II (p<.05). Cell viability in group IV was significantly lower at the 7th day, as compared to groups I (p<.001), II (p<.01) and III (p<.001). Cell viability in all the groups was over 80%, except in group IV at day 7. Irradiation time of group I influenced positively the proliferation and viability of OD-21 cells in late cell culture period. (AU)


A terapia a laser de baixa intensidade tem sido investigada como possível estímulo para aumento da proliferação e diferenciação de vários tipos de células, mas poucos relatos relacionam a resposta de células indiferenciadas da polpa dentária de camundongos (OD-21) à irradiação em modelos in vitro. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a influência do laser de baixa intensidade (λ=660 nm), com três períodos de irradiação diferentes, no comportamento das células da linhagem OD-21. As células foram cultivadas e distribuídas em três grupos: não irradiado / controle (grupo I); irradiado com 88 s (grupo II); irradiado com 177 s (grupo III) e irradiado com 265 s (grupo IV). O crescimento e a viabilidade celular foram avaliados após 7 e 10 dias. Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney (α = 0,05). No dia 7, houve crescimento celular maior nos grupos I e II, em comparação ao grupo IV (p <0,01). No décimo dia, o grupo I apresentou crescimento celular superior ao grupo II (p <0,05). A viabilidade celular no grupo IV foi significativamente menor no sétimo dia, em comparação aos grupos I (p <0,001), II (p <0,01) e III (p <0,001). A viabilidade celular em todos os grupos foi superior a 80%, exceto no grupo IV no dia 7. O tempo de irradiação do grupo I influenciou positivamente a proliferação e a viabilidade das células OD-21 no período mais tardio da cultura celular.A terapia a laser de baixa intensidade tem sido investigada como possível estímulo para aumento da proliferação e diferenciação de vários tipos de células, mas poucos relatos relacionam a resposta de células indiferenciadas da polpa dentária de camundongos (OD-21) à irradiação em modelos in vitro. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a influência do laser de baixa intensidade (λ=660 nm), com três períodos de irradiação diferentes, no comportamento das células da linhagem OD-21. As células foram cultivadas e distribuídas em três grupos: não irradiado / controle (grupo I); irradiado com 88 s (grupo II); irradiado com 177 s (grupo III) e irradiado com 265 s (grupo IV). O crescimento e a viabilidade celular foram avaliados após 7 e 10 dias. Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney (α = 0,05). No dia 7, houve crescimento celular maior nos grupos I e II, em comparação ao grupo IV (p <0,01). No décimo dia, o grupo I apresentou crescimento celular superior ao grupo II (p <0,05). A viabilidade celular no grupo IV foi significativamente menor no sétimo dia, em comparação aos grupos I (p <0,001), II (p <0,01) e III (p <0,001). A viabilidade celular em todos os grupos foi superior a 80%, exceto no grupo IV no dia 7. O tempo de irradiação do grupo I influenciou positivamente a proliferação e a viabilidade das células OD-21 no período mais tardio da cultura celular. (AU)

4.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(1): 8-11, jan.-fev. 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251324

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a inibição da proliferação de fibroblastos in vitro das conjuntivas obtidas através de exérese de pterígios de pacientes utilizando mitomicina C (MMC) e ciclofosfamida (CF). Métodos: Os pterígios foram retirados de 7 pacientes e submetidos a cultivo celular. Após o cultivo, 3 fragmentos de dimensões iguais deste material foram colhidos de áreas adjacentes do pterígio removido de cada paciente. Eles foram randomicamente selecionados de tal forma que: um fragmento de cada paciente foi exposto: ao meio de cultura (grupo controle), a MMC e a CF por igual período de tempo nas concentrações de 0,4 mg/ml e 10 mg/ml respectivamente. Após este período realizou-se a contagem celular de fibroblastos destes 3 grupos. Cada grupo continha 7 fragmentos. Resultados: Com a utilização da MMC tivemos uma taxa de 95% da inibição da proliferação dos fibroblastos, enquanto com a CF 100%. Conclusões: Ambas as drogas apresentaram elevada taxa da inibição da proliferação de fibroblastos, porém a CF apresentou inibição maior que a MMC.


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the inhibition of fibroblast proliferation in vitro of conjunctiva obtained by excision of pterygium from patients using mitomycin (MMC) and cyclophosphamide (CF). Methods: Pterygiums were removed from 7 patients and subjected to cell culture. After cell cultivation, 3 fragments of equal dimensions of these tissues were collected from adjacent areas of each patient removed pterygium. They were randomly selected in such a way that one fragment of each patient was exposed to: the culture medium (group control), to MMC and to CF for an equal period of time at concentrations of 0,4 mg/dl and 10 mg/dl respectively. After this period, the fibroblast cell count of these groups were performed. Each group had seven fragments. Results: With the use of MMC we had a 95% rate of inhibition of fibroblast proliferation, while with CF 100%. Conclusion: Both drugs showed a high rate of inhibition of fibroblast proliferation, but CF showed greater inhibition than MMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Wound Healing , Pterygium/surgery , Mitomycin/adverse effects , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Antimitotic Agents/adverse effects , Fibroblasts/physiology , In Vitro Techniques
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(1): 37-43, Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153307

ABSTRACT

Abstract Contamination of primary and cell cultures by mycoplasmas is one of the main economic and biological pitfalls in basic research, diagnosis and manufacture of biotechnological products. It is a common issue which may be difficult to conduct surveillance on. Mycoplasma presence may affect several physiological parameters of the cell, besides being considered an important source of inaccurate and/or non-reproducible scientific results. Each cell type presents characteristical symptoms, mainly morphological, that indicate a contamination by mycoplasma. HEp-2 cells originate from carcinoma of the larynx and are, therefore, part of the respiratory tract, which is one of mycoplasma habitats. Despite the importance these cells in several biological research (evaluation of cell proliferation and migration, apoptosis, antiviral and antitumor compounds), the alterations induced by mycoplasma contamination in HEp-2 cells have not yet been described. Here, we describe the progressive morphological alterations in culture of HEp-2 cells infected with mycoplasma, as well as the-diagnosis of the infection and its treatment. Mycoplasma contamination described within this work led to cytoplasm elongation, cell-to-cell spacing, thin plasma membrane projections, cytoplasmic vacuoles, fusion with neighboring cells, and, finally, cell death. Contamination was detected by fluorescence imaging (DAPI) and PCR reactions. The cultures were treated with BM-Cyclin antibiotic to eliminate contamination. The data presented here will be of relevance to researchers whose investigations involve cell culture, especially respiratory and HEp-2 cells.


Resumo A contaminação de culturas primárias e celulares por micoplasmas é uma das principais armadilhas econômicas e biológicas da pesquisa básica, diagnóstico e fabricação de produtos biotecnológicos. Trata-se de uma contaminação rotineira, mas de difícil acompanhamento. A presença de micoplasma pode afetar vários parâmetros fisiológicos da célula, além de ser considerada uma importante fonte de resultados científicos imprecisos e/ou não reprodutíveis. Cada tipo de célula apresenta sintomas característicos, principalmente morfológicos, que indicam uma contaminação por micoplasma. As células HEp-2 são originárias do carcinoma da laringe e, portanto, fazem parte do trato respiratório, um dos habitats do micoplasma. Apesar da importância destas células em diversas pesquisas biológicas (avaliação da proliferação e migração celular, apoptose, compostos antivirais e antitumorais), as alterações decorrentes da contaminação por micoplasma nestas células ainda não foi descrita. Aqui, descrevemos as alterações morfológicas progressivas na cultura de células HEp-2 infectadas por micoplasma, bem como o diagnóstico da infecção e seu tratamento. A contaminação por micoplasma descrita neste trabalho resultou em alongamento citoplasmático, espaçamento entre células, projeções delgadas da membrana plasmática, vacúolos citoplasmáticos, fusão de células vizinhas e, finalmente, morte celular. A contaminação foi detectada por imagens de fluorescência (DAPI) e reações de PCR. As culturas foram tratadas com antibiótico BM-Cyclin para eliminar a contaminação. Os dados aqui apresentados serão de relevância para pesquisadores cujas investigações envolvem cultura celular, principalmente células respiratórias e HEp-2.


Subject(s)
Mycoplasma/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cell Culture Techniques , Anti-Bacterial Agents
6.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 42: 1-15, 20210101.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177886

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate cellular indicators, which change with exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and can be used as parameters for measuring sunscreens efficiency. Methods: Commercial strains of L929 and HaCaT cells (skin dermis and epidermis, respectively), from the cell bank of Rio de Janeiro, were exposed to different doses of UVA (350 nm) and UVB (309 nm) radiation. The evaluation of the photoprotective potential of sunscreens was analyzed with cell viability, lipid peroxidation and ROS generation tests. Samples of sunscreen with SPF values ranging from 15 to 60 were applied to a quartz plate superimposed on the top of a microplate containing the cell culture, and then the system was irradiated. Results: The viability and lipid peroxidation of the two cell lines remained unchanged after exposure to UVA radiation. When exposed to UVB radiation, the reduction in viability and the increase in lipid peroxides were dose-dependent, that is, they varied from 3.15% to 95.4%, and from 1.2 to 42.7 nM MDA/pg protein, respectively, both for the L929 strain. The dose of 0.5 J/cm2 reduced by 41.4%±1.67 the number of viable cells, and the dose of 30 J/cm2 promoted the oxidation of 42.7 nM of MDA/pg protein. These doses were selected to evaluate the photoprotective effectiveness of commercial sunscreens. Sunscreens exposed to UVB rays could prevent the loss of cell viability (viability remained around 100% for higher SPF) and the formation of lipid peroxides (30 to 80% reduction of peroxide levels). None of the two cell strains, submitted to UVB radiation, formed amounts of intracellular ROS in a dose-dependent manner. Under exposure to UVA radiation, only the HaCaT cell line produced the largest amounts of ROS in a dose-dependent manner. After treating these cells with photoprotective formulations (20 J/cm2), the researchers observed a reduction in the amount of ROS formed. Conclusions: The parameters of cell viability and lipid peroxidation were promising to evaluate the photoprotective capacity of sunscreens against UVB radiation. The generation of ROS expressed in the HaCaT strain can discriminate the photoprotective potential of formulations against UVA radiation, as sunscreens reduced the formation of ROS. These results suggest that in vitro tests that evaluate the damage caused to cells can predict cellular indicators of the photoprotective effectiveness of sunscreens and contribute to minimize these tests in the initial phase of product research and development.

7.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 30(3): e005721, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1288700

ABSTRACT

Abstract Two lineages of Rhipicephalus sanguineus are known in Brazil: the temperate or southern and the tropical or northern populations. The distribution patterns of both lineages of R. sanguineus have epidemiological implications that can affect vectorial competence concerning Ehrlichia canis, the agent of canine monocytic ehrlichiosis. Intending to identify the microbiomes of both lineages and compare microorganisms in R. sanguineus, we used the 16S rRNA (V4-V5 region) gene-based metataxonomic approach, through NGS sequencing on the MiSeq Illumina platform. We selected specimens of females from the environment and samples of primary embryonic cell cultures, from both lineages, and this was the first study to investigate the prokaryotic microbiome in tick cell cultures. The results showed that many bacterial taxa detected in the samples were typical members of the host environment. A significant diversity of microorganisms in R. sanguineus females and in embryonic cell cultures from both lineages was found, with emphasis on the presence of Coxiella in all samples, albeit in different proportions. The Coxiella species present in the two lineages of ticks may be different and may have co-evolved with them, thus driving different patterns of interactions between ticks and the pathogens that they can harbor or transmit to vertebrate hosts.


Resumo Duas linhagens de Rhipicephalus sanguineus são conhecidas no Brasil: populações da linhagem temperada ou do sul, e tropical ou do norte. Os padrões de distribuição de ambas as linhagens de R. sanguineus têm implicações epidemiológicas, podendo afetar a competência vetorial de Ehrlichia canis, o agente etiológico da erliquiose monocítica canina. Com a intenção de identificar os microbiomas de ambas as linhagens e comparar microrganismos de R. sanguineus, foi utilizada a metataxonomia, baseada no gene 16S rRNA (região V4-V5), por meio do sequenciamento de nova geração na plataforma MiSeq Illumina. Foram selecionadas amostras de fêmeas do ambiente e cultivo primário de células embrionárias, considerando-se as duas linhagens conhecidas do Brasil. Este é o primeiro estudo que investiga o microbioma procariótico de células de cultura de carrapato. Os resultados mostram que muitos grupos de bactérias detectadas nas amostras são membros típicos do ambiente do hospedeiro. Uma diversidade significativa de microrganismos em fêmeas e cultura de células embrionárias nas duas linhagens de R. sanguineus foi encontrada, com ênfase na presença de Coxiella em todas as amostras, ainda que em diferentes proporções. Possivelmente, as espécies de Coxiella presentes nas duas linhagens de carrapatos são diferentes e co-evoluíram com essas linhagens, conduzindo a diferentes padrões de interação entre carrapatos e patógenos que podem abrigar ou transmitir aos hospedeiros vertebrados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Rhipicephalus sanguineus , Dog Diseases , Microbiota , Brazil , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Cell Culture Techniques/veterinary
8.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 51(12): e20201111, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1286011

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: In worldwide there are reports of a significant decrease in colonies of the species Apis mellifera, caused by several factors, including viral infections. In order to study and diagnose illnesses caused by viruses, in vitro cell culture is used as a valuable tool. Yet, there are still no immortalized cell lines of honey bee Apis mellifera. Primary cell cultures are promising for this purpose and can supply the lack of continuous strains, but their establishment is difficult and laborious, which often makes them unfeasible for many research centers. Through the use of cell immortalization techniques, it is possible to develop continuous cell lines and thus benefit, in different ways, research related to different species of bees. The choice of technique is challenging, since in addition to the ability to remain viable for countless passages, cells must keep the genotype and phenotype similar or identical to the original tissue. This review intends to present methodologies that can be used to immortalize Apis mellifera cells, aiming to establish a cell line. The genotypic and phenotypic implications of each technique are evaluated, and the purpose of the cell line to be developed.


RESUMO: Ao redor do mundo há relatos da diminuição significativa de colônias da espécie Apis mellifera, causada por diversos fatores, incluindo infecções virais. Para estudo e diagnóstico de enfermidades causadas por vírus utiliza-se, como uma ferramenta valiosa, o cultivo celular in vitro. Contudo, ainda não existem linhagens celulares imortalizadas de abelhas Apis mellifera. Os cultivos celulares primários são promissores para este fim e podem suprir a falta de linhagens contínuas, porém seu estabelecimento é difícil e laborioso o que, muitas vezes, os torna inviáveis para muitos centros de pesquisa. Através do uso de técnicas de imortalização celular é possível desenvolver linhagens contínuas de células e assim beneficiar, de diversas formas, as pesquisas relacionadas às diferentes espécies de abelhas. A escolha da técnica é desafiadora, visto que, além da capacidade de permanecer viável por inúmeras passagens, as células devem manter o genótipo e fenótipo semelhante ou idêntico ao tecido original. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar metodologias que podem ser utilizadas para imortalização de células de Apis mellifera, visando o estabelecimento de uma linhagem celular. São avaliadas as implicações genotípicas e fenotípicas de cada técnica, e a finalidade da linhagem celular a ser desenvolvida.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1853-1866, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888838

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial shape rapidly changes by dynamic balance of fusion and fission to adjust to constantly changing energy demands of cancer cells. Mitochondrial dynamics balance is exactly regulated by molecular motor consisted of myosin and actin cytoskeleton proteins. Thus, targeting myosin-actin molecular motor is considered as a promising strategy for anti-cancer. In this study, we performed a proof-of-concept study with a natural-derived small-molecule J13 to test the feasibility of anti-cancer therapeutics

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3162-3178, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921414

ABSTRACT

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) not only serves as the material basis of biological inheritance, but also shows great potential in the development of novel biological materials due to its programmability, functional diversity, biocompatibility and biodegradability. DNA hydrogel is a three-dimensional mesh polymer material mainly formed by DNA. It has become one of the most interesting emerging functional polymer materials in recent years because of the perfect combination of the DNA biological properties that it retained and the mechanical properties of its own skeleton. At present, single- or multi-component DNA hydrogels developed based on various functional nucleic acid sequences or by combining different functional materials have been widely used in the field of biomedicine, molecular detection, and environmental protection. In this paper, the development of preparation methods and classification strategies of DNA hydrogels are summarized, and the applications of DNA hydrogels in drug delivery, biosensing and cell culture are also reviewed. Finally, the future development direction and potential challenges of DNA hydrogels are prospected.


Subject(s)
DNA/genetics , Drug Delivery Systems , Hydrogels , Polymers
11.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 25(5): 101632, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350317

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Emerging human coronaviruses, including the recently identified SARS-CoV-2, are relevant respiratory pathogens due to their potential to cause epidemics with high case fatality rates, although endemic coronaviruses are also important for immunocompromised patients. Long-term coronavirus infections had been described mainly in experimental models, but it is currently evident that SARS-CoV-2 genomic-RNA can persist for many weeks in the respiratory tract of some individuals clinically recovered from coronavirus infectious disease-19 (COVID-19), despite a lack of isolation of infectious virus. It is still not clear whether persistence of such viral RNA may be pathogenic for the host and related to long-term sequelae. In this review, we summarize evidence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA persistence in respiratory samples besides results obtained from cell culture and histopathology describing long-term coronavirus infection. We also comment on potential mechanisms of coronavirus persistence and relevance for pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Viral/genetics , COVID-19 , Respiratory System , Cell Culture Techniques , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 67-74, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343747

ABSTRACT

El presente trabajo de investigación tiene como objetivo principal el aislar, expandir y caracterizar inmunofenotípicamente células madre mesenquimales de la pulpa dental humana, según los criterios mínimos propuestos por The International Society for Cellular Therapy (ISCT), como así también establecer la puesta a punto de las técnicas y protocolos de procedimientos para tal fin. Los cultivos fueron permanentemente monitoreados mediante microscopio invertido con contraste de fase y la inmunotipificación fue realizada por citometría de flujo (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tissue Engineering , Dental Pulp , Adult Stem Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Phenotype , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Cell Culture Techniques , Regenerative Medicine
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210296, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340101

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives Human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have been used to regenerate damaged nervous tissues. However, the methods of committing DPSCs into neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) or neurospheres are highly diverse, resulting in many neuronal differentiation outcomes. This study aims to validate an optimal protocol for inducing DPSCs into neurospheres and neurons. Methodology After isolation and characterization of mesenchymal stem cell identity, DPSCs were cultured in a NSPC induction medium and culture vessels. The durations of the culture, dissociation methods, and passage numbers of DPSCs were varied. Results Neurosphere formation requires a special surface that inhibits cell attachment. Five-days was the most appropriate duration for generating proliferative neurospheres and they strongly expressed Nestin, an NSPC marker. Neurosphere reformation after being dissociated by the Accutase enzyme was significantly higher than other methods. Passage number of DPSCs did not affect neurosphere formation, but did influence neuronal differentiation. We found that the cells expressing a neuronal marker, β-tubulin III, and exhibiting neuronal morphology were significantly higher in the early passage of the DPSCs. Conclusion These results suggest a guideline to obtain a high efficiency of neurospheres and neuronal differentiation from DPSCs for further study and neurodegeneration therapeutics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Dental Pulp , Cell Differentiation
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 378-383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878568

ABSTRACT

In recent years, to solve the increasingly prominent problem of the contradiction between human social development and environmental resources, artificial meat has appeared in public view more and more. Generally speaking, the artificial meat can be divided into vegetable protein meat and cell cultured meat. Among them, vegetable protein meat has gradually begun to be commercialized, and cell cultured meat is cultured with animal cells, which is more similar to the real meat. Based on the analysis of the essence of cell cultured meat, we explore the positive significance of cell cultured meat technology for the meat production industry, consumer groups, and the sustainable development of mankind in the future. From the perspective of bioethics, the research, development and production of cell cultured meat can help ensure the sustainable development of human society, improve animal welfare, reduce resource demand, improve the nutritional function of meat products, and provide new growth points for the development of other industries. In addition, the ethical risks of food safety, technology abuse and technical supervision involved in cell cultured meat production are put forward for deep consideration, hoping to provide reference for the sustainable development of artificial meat industry from the perspective of bioethics.


Subject(s)
Animal Welfare , Animals , Food Safety , Humans , Meat , Meat Products
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888003

ABSTRACT

Saussurea involucrata,a traditional Chinese medicinal material,is effective in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with cold-dampness blockage syndrome,cold pain in lower abdomen,and menstrual irregularities. However,due to the specific habitat,low natural reproduction rate,slow growth,and overexploitation,it is at the high risk of extinction. S. involucrata cells can be obtained through callus culture,suspension culture,and hairy root culture. This study highlighted the influences of reactor type,culture system,precursor,elicitor type, and light wavelength on the suspension culture of S. involucrate cells. The chemical components of S. involucrata cells mainly include phenylpropanoids,flavonoids,lignans,and steroids,among which phenylpropanoids are the most abundant. S. involucrata cells have multiple pharmacological activities of anti-inflammation,analgesia,activating blood and resolving stasis,immunoregulation,increasing bone density,lowering blood lipids,anti-hypoxia,anti-exercise fatigue,anti-radiation,anti-obesity,and anti-oxidation. Moreover,it has the potential of treating aplastic anemia. This study reviews the cell culture technologies,chemical components,and pharmacological activities of S. involucrata cells,laying a basis for the further research,development,and utilization.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Flavonoids , Humans , Plant Extracts , Saussurea
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2786-2793, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887841

ABSTRACT

To obtain chicken CD40L protein, the cDNA was prepared from chicken splenic cells and used as a template to clone and amplify CD40L by PCR. The target gene was cloned into pFastBac vector to construct a pFastBac-chCD40L donor plasmid. Recombinant plasmid was transformed into DH10Bac and recombinant Bacmid-chCD40L was obtained. The Bacmid-chCD40L plasmid was transfected into sf9 insect cells to obtain His-chCD40L protein. In addition, the target gene was cloned into pQM01 vector to construct a pQM01-chCD40L plasmid, recombinant plasmid was transfected into HEK 293T cells to obtain Strep-chCD40L protein. The chCD40L protein was purified by affinity chromatography, and the concentration of purified chCD40L protein was determined to be 0.01 mg/mL. Primary cells were isolated from the bursal tissue of 3-week old SPF chickens, and the chCD40L protein was added to the culture medium to stimulate cells. The chCD40L could bind to CD40 on B cells as examined by Western blotting, indirect immunofluorescence assay and flow cytometry, suggesting that chCD40L protein is biologically active. We successfully obtained chicken CD40L protein of biological activity, which laid the foundation in the in vitro culture of primary B lymphocytes for the isolation and diagnosis of virulent IBDV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Baculoviridae/genetics , CD40 Ligand/genetics , Chickens , Cloning, Molecular , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2543-2553, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887820

ABSTRACT

We designed and fabricated a novel high throughput brain-on-chip with three dimensional structure with the aim to simulate the in vivo three-dimensional growth environment for brain tissues. The chip consists of a porous filter and 3D brain cell particles, and is loaded into a conventional 96-well plate for use. The filter and the particle molds were fabricated by using computer modeling, 3D printing of positive mold and agarose-PDMS double reversal mold. The 3D cell particles were made by pouring and solidifying a suspension of mouse embryonic brain cells with sodium alginate into a cell particle mold, and then cutting the resulting hydrogel into pieces. The loaded brain-on-chip was used to determine the neurotoxicity of pesticides. The cell particles were exposed to 0, 10, 30, 50, 100 and 200 µmol/L of chlorpyrifos or imidacloprid, separated conveniently from the medium by removing the porous filter after cultivation. Subsequently, cell proliferation, acetylcholinesterase activity and lactate dehydrogenase release were determined for toxicity evaluation. The embryonic brain cells were able to grow and proliferate normally in the hydrogel particles loaded into the filter in a 96-well plate. Pesticide neurotoxicity test showed that both chlorpyrifos and imidacloprid presented dose-dependent inhibition on cell growth and proliferation. Moreover, the pesticides showed inhibition on acetylcholinesterase activity and increase release of lactate dehydrogenase. However, the effect of imidacloprid was significantly weaker than that of chlorpyrifos. In conclusion, a novel brain-on-chip was developed in this study, which can be used to efficiently assess the drug neurotoxicity, pharmacodynamics, and disease mechanism by combining with a microtiterplate reader.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Chlorpyrifos/toxicity , Culture Media , Mice , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Pesticides/toxicity
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848015

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cartilage tissue repair is an important field of tissue engineering. How to use engineering technology to effectively differentiate seed cells into chondrocytes is a focus and difficulty in the field of tissue engineering. At present, it is difficult to make seed cells differentiate into mature and stable chondrocytes by simple orientation-inducing culture. Thereafter, the authors preliminarily studied the induced directional differentiation using intermittent hydrostatic pressure stimulation based on the characteristics of ATDC5 chondrocytes, in addition to the use of effective culture solution. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of intermittent hydrostatic pressure on the earlyterm chondrocyte differentiation of ATDC5 cells. METHODS: ATDC5 cell lines were cultured in multilayer. Cells adhered well with multiple-layer formation after 3 days, and were then sealed to maintain sterility. Intermittent hydrostatic pressure was applied to the cultures (10 MPa, 1 Hz, 4 h/d). Cells cultured with no intermittent hydrostatic pressure served as control group. Morphological changes of the cells were observed under microscope at 4, 7, 11, 14, and 17 days. Expression levels of Aggrecan, COL-2 and SOX-9 mRNA were detected by real-time PCR. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: After application of intermittent hydrostatic pressure, ATDC5 cells aggregated and appeared with obvious patchy changes. The mRNA expression levels of Aggrecan and COL-2 were significantly increased. SOX-9 mRNA expression level showed no significant difference compared with the control group, but presented with fall-rise pattern. Intermittent hydrostatic pressure influences the mRNA expression related to chondrocyte differentiation and promotes the secretion of chondrogenic matrix. This method is contributive to the mature cartilage differentiation.

19.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 37(3): 547-553, jul-sep 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145029

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las células madre humanas nacen con la creación de la vida misma y algunas de estas permanecen durante toda la vida. Por consiguiente, se pueden hallar en tejidos adultos y utilizarlas para investigaciones a nivel básico y aplicado. Actualmente, en nuestro país existe un creciente interés en el estudio y aplicación de células madre; sin embargo, existe poco conocimiento acerca del procedimiento para su identificación. Es por ello que este artículo tiene como objetivo dar a conocer, desde un punto de vista práctico, un procedimiento para el cultivo e identificación de células madre/estromales obtenidas de lipoaspirado humano (Adipose Stem Cells) con fines de investigación, el cual incluye la caracterización a nivel de inmunofenotipo, el potencial de diferenciación celular, la expresión génica y el control de calidad del cultivo celular, que sirva de apoyo para los profesionales de la comunidad científica peruana que deseen desarrollar esta línea de investigación.


ABSTRACT Human stem cells are born with the creation of life itself and some of them remain throughout life. Therefore, they can be found in adult tissues and used for basic and applied research. Currently, in our country there is a growing interest in the study and application of stem cells; however, little is known about the identification procedure. For this reason, this study aims to present, from a practical point of view, a procedure for the culture and identification of stem/stromal cells obtained from human lipoaspirate (Adipose Stem Cells), for research purposes. This procedure includes the immunophenotype characterization, cell differentiation potential, gene expression and cell culture quality control; and will serve as support for Peruvian scientific community professionals who wish to develop this line of research.

20.
NOVA publ. cient ; 18(33): 35-42, ene.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149447

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se analizó un resultado con alteración cromosómica tomado de una base de datos conformada por un total de 4755 muestras de líquido amniótico extraídos mediante amniocentesis con indicación de su médico tratante, riesgo sérico y edad materna avanzada. En este reporte se presenta la detección de un mosaico de trisomía 21 en líquido amniótico, mediante la técnica de Banda G donde se analizaron 20 metafases. Los resultados obtenidos documentan una composición cromosómica 47, XY+21 y 46, XY con una relación 9:11 respecto a las metafases analizadas, confirmándose así el diagnóstico del Síndrome de Down secundario a mosaico.


Abstract A result with chromosomal alteration was analyzed from a database consisting of a total of 4755 samples of amniotic fluid extracted by amniocentesis with indication of the attending physician, serum risk and advanced maternal age. This report presents the detection of a mosaicism of trisomy 21 in amniotic fluid, using G- Banding where 20 metaphases were analyzed. The results obtained document a chromosomal composition 47, XY + 21 and 46, XY with a 9:11 ratio with respect to the metaphases analyzed, confirming the diagnosis of Down syndrome secondary to mosaicism.

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