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1.
J. Health NPEPS ; 7(1): 1-21, Jan-Jun, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1379768

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:determinar la relación y el efecto de la edad, la escolaridad, la resiliencia, la satisfacción con la vida y las fortalezas humanas con el consumo de alcohol en universitarios. Método:diseño descriptivo, correlacional y predictivo, los participantes fueron 367 estudiantes (63.2% mujeres) de 18 a 35 años (M=21.64, DE= 2.82) de una universidad del estado de Tabasco, México. Se seleccionaron mediante un muestreo probabilístico aleatorio estratificado. La recolección de datos se realizó durante junio y julio de 2021. Resultados:Los estudiantes con mejores niveles de resiliencia están más satisfechos con la vida y tienen más fortalezas humanas. La edad se relacionó con el consumo de alcohol, y con nivel de bajo riesgo y consumo dependiente. Cuanto menor los índices de fortalezas humanas mayor es el consumo de alcohol de bajo riesgo y consumo de tipo dependiente. Las fortalezas humanas se mostraron como factores predictores (B=-0.14, p<.01) del consumo de alcohol en jóvenes universitarios. Conclusión:Las fortalezas humanas son un predictor negativo del consumo de alcohol en los jóvenes universitarios. Estos hallazgos pueden contribuir para una mejor comprensión del fenómeno del consumo de alcohol.


Objective:to determine the relationship and the effects of age, schooling, resilience, life satisfaction and human strengths with alcohol consumption in university students. Method:descriptive, correlational and predictive design, the participants were 367 students (63.2% women) aged 18 to 35 years (M=21.64, SD= 2.82) from a university in the state of Tabasco, Mexico. They were selected by stratified random probability sampling.Data collection was carried out during June and July 2021. Results:students with higher levels of resilience are more satisfied with life and have more human strengths. Age was related toalcohol consumption, and to low-risk and dependent drinking. The lower the indices of human strengths, the higher the low-risk and dependent alcohol consumption. Human strengths were shown to be predictors (B=-0.14, p<.01) of alcohol consumption in young university students. Conclusion:human strengths are a negative predictor of alcohol consumption in college youth. These findings may contribute to a better understanding of the phenomenon of alcohol consumption.


Objetivo:determinar a relação e o efeito da idade, escolaridade, resiliência, satisfação de vida e forças humanas com o consumo de álcool em estudantes universitários. Método:desenho descritivo, correlativo e preditivo, os participantes eram 367 estudantes (63,2% mulheres) com idades compreendidas entre os 18-35 anos (M=21,64, DP= 2,82) de uma universidade no estado de Tabasco, México. Foram selecionados por amostragem de probabilidade aleatória estratificada. A recolha de dados foi realizada durante os meses de junho e julho de 2021. Resultados:os estudantes com níveis mais elevados de resiliência estão mais satisfeitos com a vida e têm mais forças humanas. A idade estava relacionada com o consumo de álcool, e com o consumo de baixo risco e dependente. Quanto mais baixo o índice de forças humanas, mais alto o baixo risco e o consumo dependente de álcool. As forças humanas foram apontadas como fatores preditivos (B=-0,14, p<.01) do consumo de álcool em jovens estudantes universitários. Conclusão:as forças humanas são um preditor negativo do consumo de álcool na juventude universitária. Estas descobertas podem contribuir para uma melhor compreensão do fenómeno do consumo de álcool.


Subject(s)
Students , Alcohol Drinking , Protective Factors
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 834-838, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934809

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore character strengths of college students who sought counseling, and its relationship with mental health.@*Methods@#A total of 180 college students who sought counseling were investigated by using the short version of Character Strengths Questionnaire and the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) during March 2020 to October 2021.@*Results@#The top five character strengths of college students who sought counseling were appreciation, authenticity, gratitude, humor, love of learning ( 8.39± 1.64, 7.82±1.74, 7.73±1.57, 7.29±1.81, 7.17±1.88); The bottom five character strengths were kindness, bravery, persistence, zest, leadership (5.59±1.75, 5.81±1.30, 5.86±1.72, 5.98±1.59, 6.06±1.60). Linear regression analysis found love, social intelligence and insight showed associations with different dimensions of mental health, with correlation coefficient of each regression equation between -0.12 and 0.16, and the coefficient of determination between 0.05 and 0.19 ( P <0.01). Love had a negativeassociation with all factors of SCL- 90 ( β=-0.314--0.159, P <0.05), which could explain 3.3%-12.5% of the variation of each factor. Social intelligence had a negative association with obsessive compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity and anxiety ( β=-0.200--0.150, P <0.05), which can explain 1.6%-3.2% of the variation. Insight had a positive association with somatization, hostility and paranoia ( β=0.168-0.279, P <0.05), which can explain 2.3%-3.8% of the variation.@*Conclusion@#The lack and excess of character strengths is associated with mental health problems. Therefore, it would be more effective to help counseling cases build an appropriate and balanced character in the context of a strengths based approach.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status quo of job satisfaction, character advantage and subjective well-being of nursing staff, and to explore the relationship among the three, so as to provide theoretical basis for improving the subjective well-being of medical staff.Methods:Using cluster random sampling method, 582 nursing staff in Jinzhou City of Liaoning Province were selected as the survey objects. The General Information Questionnaire, Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, Character Strengths Scale and Subjective Well-being Scale were used to investigate the respondents. The mediating effect of character strengths on job satisfaction and subjective well-being was analyzed by structural equation model. The mediating effect was analyzed and verified by bootstrap method.Results:The score of Minnesota satisfaction questionnaire, Character Strengths Scale and Subjective Well-being Scale of nursing staff were 70.5 ± 10.8, 45.0 ± 6.8 and 24.2 ± 6.3 respectively. The results of correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between the total score of job satisfaction and the total score of character strengths of nursing staff ( r=0.214, P<0.01), and the total score of subjective well-being ( r=0.373, P<0.01). The total score of subjective well-being was positively correlated with the total score of character strengths ( r=0.123, P<0.01). Conclusions:The character strengths of nursing staff plays a mediating role between job satisfaction and subjective well-being.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924060

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish and improve the quality standard of ginkgo semen decoction pieces. Methods The morphological character for 29 batches of ginkgo gemen and 12 batches of stir-fried ginkgo gemen were observed, and the moisture contents were assayed using the method in Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2015 edition, the first supplement. Results The character of ginkgo gemen and stir-fried ginkgo gemen were consistent in different batches. The moisture content of ginkgo gemen was 8.8% to 12.2%, with an average of 10.5%. The moisture content of stir-fried ginkgo gemen was from 5.4% to 12.3%, with an average of 8.9%. Considering that ginkgo semen decoction pieces are stored for a long time, they are prone to the attack of mildew and insects, and the moisture limit is set to be no more than 10.0% in ginkgo gemen and stir-fried ginkgo. Conclusion Compared with the Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2015 edition, the first supplement, the character identification for ginkgo semen decoction pieces was added and the quality standards were improved. The moisture content of ginkgo semen decoction pieces needs to be strictly controlled under 10.0% to prevent mildew and insects.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923959

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the infection status and epidemic characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus diarrhea cases in Shanghai in recent years, and to explore its influencing factors and provide a basis for the prevention and control of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. Methods Food-borne disease surveillance data in Shanghai from 2017 to 2018 was collected, and the infection status and epidemic characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus were analyzed. χ 2 test and multivariate unconditional logistic regression were used to analyze the factors of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. Results Among the food-borne surveillance cases in Shanghai from 2017 to 2018, the positive detection rate of Vibrio parahaemolyticus reached 5.1%, and the positive cases were concentrated in July, August, and September. Those working in the catering industry, migrant workers and workers, and the young and middle-aged people (19‒59 years old) have a high incidence. The results of multivariate analysis showed that dining in Qingpu, Songjiang or Minhang District, occupations of migrant workers and workers, age over 19 years old, the third quarter of a year, and the consumption of aquatic animals and related foods are risk factors for Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. Conclusion The infection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Shanghai is still one of the food-borne diseases that warrant our attention. Strengthening food safety management and supervision, and promoting publicity and education for key populations are important for reducing the risk of infection by this pathogen. At the same time, long-term monitoring of infectious diarrhea cases in this city is necessary to dynamically understand the infection and epidemic characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus , and adjust the annual prevention and control measures in time.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923937

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the infection status and epidemic characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus diarrhea cases in Shanghai in recent years, and to explore its influencing factors and provide a basis for the prevention and control of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. Methods Food-borne disease surveillance data in Shanghai from 2017 to 2018 was collected, and the infection status and epidemic characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus were analyzed. χ 2 test and multivariate unconditional logistic regression were used to analyze the factors of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. Results Among the food-borne surveillance cases in Shanghai from 2017 to 2018, the positive detection rate of Vibrio parahaemolyticus reached 5.1%, and the positive cases were concentrated in July, August, and September. Those working in the catering industry, migrant workers and workers, and the young and middle-aged people (19‒59 years old) have a high incidence. The results of multivariate analysis showed that dining in Qingpu, Songjiang or Minhang District, occupations of migrant workers and workers, age over 19 years old, the third quarter of a year, and the consumption of aquatic animals and related foods are risk factors for Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. Conclusion The infection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Shanghai is still one of the food-borne diseases that warrant our attention. Strengthening food safety management and supervision, and promoting publicity and education for key populations are important for reducing the risk of infection by this pathogen. At the same time, long-term monitoring of infectious diarrhea cases in this city is necessary to dynamically understand the infection and epidemic characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus , and adjust the annual prevention and control measures in time.

7.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 35: 16, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1387031

ABSTRACT

Abstract Character strengths could effectively prevent negative psychological outcomes in adults. However, there was little research conducted among early adolescents. The present study aimed to explore character strengths that were independently related to fewer behavior problems in early adolescents. In total, 521 early adolescents (mean age 10.92 ± 0.04, range 10-12 years) were recruited from primary schools in Sichuan, China. Character strengths were measured using the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths for Youth (VIA-Youth). Behavior problems were measured using the Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire (PSQ). The results showed that behavior problems were negatively correlated with character strengths ( r = −0.14 to −0.3, p < 0.05 Bonferroni corrected). Character strengths explained a significant proportion of additional variance (14-22%) in five types of behavior problems after controlling the effect of demographic factors (residence, left-behind experiences, maternal education level). Moreover, several specific character strengths showed an independent contribution ( β = −0.34 to −0.14 for self-regulation, perseverance, zest, humility, and leadership; β = 0.21 to 0.34, for hope; all p < 0.05) to behavior problems. Our study revealed that character strengths were protective factors against behavior problems in early adolescents.

8.
Psico (Porto Alegre) ; 53(1): 36703, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370897

ABSTRACT

Em um mundo com um número crescente de idosos, envelhecer bem se torna cada vez mais importante, e as forças do caráter podem contribuir para que isso seja alcançado. A fim de analisar forças na velhice, associando-as com sintomas depressivos e bem-estar psicológico, 188 idosos responderam às versões reduzidas e em português dos instrumentos Values-in-Action Inventory of Strengths, Escala de Depressão Geriátrica e Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale. As forças Amor, Esperança, Curiosidade, Perdão e Vitalidade se associaram tanto a níveis mais elevados de bem-estar psicológico quanto a mais baixos de sintomas depressivos. Foram obtidas correlações significativas entre seis forças e sintomas depressivos ­ negativas fracas ­ e entre 11 delas e bem-estar psicológico ­ positivas fracas. Os resultados deste estudo ampliam, ainda que limitadamente, o conhecimento sobre forças de idosos, especialmente como elas se relacionam com dois construtos que influenciam a velhice. Ademais, fornecem uma base para o desenvolvimento de intervenções futuras.


In a world with an increasing number of elderly people, aging well is becoming increasingly important, and character strengths can contribute to this. In order to analyze strengths among the elderly, associating them with depressive symptoms and psychological well-being, 188 elderly people answered the reduced and Portuguese versions of Values-in-Action Inventory of Strengths, Geriatric Depression Scale and Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale. Love, Hope, Curiosity, Forgiveness, and Vitality strengths were associated with both higher levels of psychological well-being and lower depressive symptoms. Significant correlations were found between six strengths and depressive symptoms ­ weak negatives ­ and between 11 of them and psychological well-being ­ weak positives. The results of this study expand, albeit to a limited extent, knowledge about elderly people's strengths, especially as they relate to two constructs that influence old age. In addition, they provide a basis for the development of future interventions.


En un mundo con un número creciente de ancianos, envejecer bien se está volviendo cada vez más importante, y las fortalezas de carácter pueden contribuir para esto. Para analizar las fortalezas en ancianos, asociándolas con los síntomas depresivos y el bienestar psicológico, 188 ancianos respondieron las versiones cortas, en português, de los instrumentos Values-in-Action Inven-tory of Strengths, Escala de Depresión Geriátrica y Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale. Las fortalezas Amor, Esperanza, Curiosidad, Perdón y Vitalidad se asociaron con niveles más altos de bienestar psicológico y síntomas depresivos más bajos. Se encontraron correlaciones significativas entre seis fortalezas y síntomas depresivos ­ negativas bajas ­ y 11 entre ellos y el bienestar psicológico ­ positivas bajas. Los resultados de este estudio amplían, aunque de forma limitada, el conocimiento sobre las fortalezas en ancianos, especialmente en como ellas se relacionan con dos constructos que influyen en la vejez. Además, proporcionan una base para el desarrollo de futuras intervenciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging/psychology , Aging , Depression
9.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 13(2): e425, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357283

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Estudios realizados en los últimos años señalan dificultades en torno al componente investigativo del programa de formación del médico general integral destacando la inadecuada utilización de la Estadística por parte de sus especialistas en estrecha relación con insuficiencias que tienen lugar durante su formación. Objetivo: Proponer algunas consideraciones didácticas para dar solución a las inconsistencias que presenta la formación de la dimensión investigativa de los especialistas en medicina general integral en relación a la utilización de la Estadística. Material y Métodos: Revisión documental de artículos y trabajos referentes al estado actual del uso de la Estadística en la actividad científica de médicos generales integrales y su relación con insuficiencias durante la formación de la dimensión investigativa de estos especialistas. Las fuentes de información consultadas fueron accedidas a través de diferentes buscadores y bases de datos, entre ellas SciELO, Google Académico, Medline y Pubmed. Resultados y discusión: Los trabajos analizados demuestran que el proceso de formación de la dimensión investigativa de los especialistas de medicina general integral manifiesta insuficiencias durante la aplicación de la Estadística, determinado por una inadecuada instrumentación de sus contenidos en el programa docente. Conclusiones: Existe una instrumentación inadecuada de la Estadística en el programa docente para el desarrollo de la dimensión investigativa de los especialistas de medicina general integral. Se sugieren algunas consideraciones didácticas para la instrumentación de la Estadística en la formación del médico general integral(AU)


Introduction: Studies carried out in recent years indicate difficulties around the investigative component of the comprehensive general practitioner training program, highlighting the inadequate use of Statistics by its specialists in close relation to shortcomings that occur during their training. Objective: To propose some didactic considerations to solve the inconsistencies presented by the training of the investigative dimension of specialists in comprehensive general medicine in relation to the use of Statistics. Material and Methods: Documentary review of articles and works referring to the current state of the use of Statistics in the scientific activity of comprehensive general practitioners and its relationship with deficiencies during the training of the investigative dimension of these specialists. The sources of information consulted were accessed through different search engines and databases, including SciELO, Google Academic, Medline and Pubmed. Results and Discussion: The analyzed works show that the process of formation of the investigative dimension of the specialists of integral general medicine shows insufficiencies during the application of the Statistics, determined by an inadequate instrumentation of its contents in the teaching program. Conclusions: There is an inadequate instrumentation of Statistics in the teaching program for the development of the investigative dimension of specialists in general comprehensive medicine. Some didactic considerations are suggested for the instrumentation of Statistics in the training of the comprehensive general practitioner(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Research , Teaching Materials , Statistics , Family Practice/education
10.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 43(2): 151-158, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290325

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Gilbert's syndrome (GS) is a benign genetic disorder that is characterized by intermittent mild jaundice in which the liver doesn't process bilirubin properly. The aim of this study was to determine whether GS patients have a different personality structure and if there are associations between properties of temperament and character and total bilirubin levels. Methods A total of 1665 young male individuals aged from 19 to 30 who were admitted for occupational examinations were included in this study. Careful patient history was taken, a detailed physical examination was conducted, and hematologic and biochemical tests and abdominal ultrasonography were performed. The Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was administered to all participants. 81 patients diagnosed with GS and 150 randomly chosen healthy individuals (control group) were investigated with comparison and correlation analyses. Results GS patients had higher scores than healthy controls for disorderliness (NS4) (p = 0.018), sentimentality (RD1) (p = 0.042), and fatigability (HA4) (p = 0.03). Moreover, Gilbert syndrome patients scored lower than controls for empathy (C2) (p = 0.041) and transpersonal identification (ST2) (p = 0.044). Bilirubin levels were positively associated with disorderliness (NS4) (r = 0.141, p = 0.032) and fatigability (HA4) (r = 0.14, p = 0.033). Conclusions GS patients may have some different personality characteristics from healthy individuals. This study is an initial exploration of the personality structure of GS patients and the findings should be interpreted with caution. Further prospective studies are needed to identify the relationship between Gilbert disease and personality characteristics.

11.
Aletheia ; 54(1): 45-54, jan.-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1285018

ABSTRACT

RESUMO As forças pessoais/de caráter são as características psicológicas positivas que se refletem nos pensamentos, sentimentos e comportamentos. Esse artigo objetivou descrever as forças pessoais/de caráter mais prevalentes em 60 profissionais de Tecnologia da Informação e comparar quatro grupos distintos nos cargos de Atendimento e Suporte Técnico, Desenvolvedor de Software, Gestor e Líder Técnico em um Parque Tecnológico do Sul do Brasil. Estudo com delineamento quantitativo, descritivo, comparativo e transversal com aplicação online de um Questionário Sócio Demográfico e Laboral e da Escala das Forças de Caráter. As forças mais prevalentes são a imparcialidade, a curiosidade, a bondade, o pensamento crítico e o amor ao aprendizado. As forças com menor prevalência são a apreciação do belo, a espiritualidade, o perdão, a inteligência social e a sensatez. As implicações práticas sugerem que as características psicológicas positivas sejam fortalecidas em processos de desenvolvimento pessoal e profissional dos trabalhadores de TI no âmbito organizacional.


ABSTRACT Character strengths are the positive psychological characteristics that are reflected in thoughts, feelings and behaviors. This article aimed to describe the most prevalent character strengths in 60 Information Technology (IT) professionals and compare four distinct groups in the positions of Service and Technical Support, Software Developer, Manager and Technical Leader in a Technology Park in the Southern Brazil. Study with quantitative, descriptive, comparative and cross-sectional design with online application of a Socio-Demographic and Labor Questionnaire and the Scale of Character Strengths. The most prevalent strengths are impartiality, curiosity, kindness, critical thinking and love of learning. The least prevalent character strengths are appreciation of beauty, spirituality, forgiveness, social intelligence and wisdom. Practical implications suggest that positive psychological characteristics should be strengthened in the personal and professional development of IT workers at organizations.

12.
J. psicanal ; 54(100): 247-255, jan.-jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1279350

ABSTRACT

Consciente das complexidades que a sexualidade humana implica, Virginia Woolf desconstrói, em Orlando: uma biografia, os binarismos redutores que tolhem o desejo e a liberdade. No corpo de seu protagonista (corpo feito de linguagem), ela tece uma crítica irônica aos estereótipos formados a partir dos conceitos que categorizam os seres humanos em dois gêneros sexuais distintos na sociedade patriarcal ocidental.


In her novel Orlando: a biography, Virginia Woolf deconstructs the sexual dichotomies that restrict human desire and freedom. Knowing how complex sexuality is, she produces the body of her protagonist by the means of an ironical language that criticizes the stereotypes formed by the concepts that categorize the human beings into two distinct genders in the patriarchal occidental society.


En su novela Orlando: a biography, Virginia Woolf desconstruye las dicotomias sexuales que refrenan el deseo y la libertad de las personas. Consciente de las complejidades de la sexualidad humana, ella produce el cuerpo de su protagonista por medio de um lenguaje irónico que critica los estereotipos formados por los conceptos que categorizan los seres en dos géneros distintos en la sociedad patriarcal occidental.


Dans son roman Orlando : une biographie, Virginia Woolf déconstruit les binarismes qui restreignent le désir et la liberté humains. Consciente qu'elle est des complexités la sexualité, elle produit le corps de son/sa protagoniste par le moyen dun langage critique qu'ironise les stéréotypes formés par les deux genres sexuels distincts dans la société patriarcale occidentale.


Subject(s)
Sexuality , Gender Identity
13.
Gerais (Univ. Fed. Juiz Fora) ; 14(1): 1-27, jan.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1279125

ABSTRACT

Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo encontrar evidências de validade para a escala de forças de caráter (EFC), correlacionando-a com a escala de adaptabilidade de carreira (EAC) baseada na relação com variáveis externas, ou seja, entre os escores dos instrumentos a serem utilizados, e outras variáveis como idade, sexo e situação laboral. Participaram por meio de pesquisa on-line 364 respondentes com idade entre 18 e 77 anos. Uma importante contribuição desta pesquisa foi o que se constatou quanto à situação laboral, sugerindo que a capacidade de inovar e estar aberto a novas experiências são fundamentais para aqueles que desejam se manter empregados. Os resultados também inferem que as pessoas mais jovens costumam pensar mais sobre seu futuro profissional do que as pessoas mais velhas, porém, a maturidade associada a um maior nível de conhecimento (escolaridade) promove uma maior pontuação entre as forças de caráter.


This research aimed to find evidence of validity for the character strengths scale (CSS), correlating it with the career adapt-abilities scale (CAAS) based on the relationship with external variables, that is, between the scores of the instruments to be used, and other variables such as age, sex and employment situation. A total of 364 respondents aged between 18 and 77 years old participated in an online survey. An important contribution of this research was regarding the employment situation, suggesting that the ability to innovate and be open to new experiences are fundamental for those who wish to remain employed. The results also infer that younger people tend to think more about their professional future than older people; however, the maturity associated with a higher level of knowledge (education) promotes a higher score among the strength of character.


Subject(s)
Character , Aptitude , Employment , Psychology, Positive
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907705

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the methodological quality and evidence quality of outcome of the systematic reviews/meta analyses on traditional exercise for the improvement of cardiopulmonary function.Methods:By searching for PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and CBM databases in Chinese or English, the Systematic Reviews/meta analysis of traditional exercises for improving cardiopulmonary function was conducted. The retrieval time was March 8th, 2020. The AMSTAR 2 scale was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the systematic review/meta-analysis that met the inclusion criteria. Since the included studies cannot reflect the overall effect of traditional exercises on improving cardiopulmonary function, and the methodological quality of systematic reviews was generally low, a secondary analysis of the RCT studies included in the systematic reviews was conducted. The methodological quality evaluation of the original RCT study adopted the Cochrane Reviewers’ Handbook Version 5.0.0 bias risk assessment method (Risk of Bias, ROB), and applied the Revman 5.3 software to merge the original RCT data. The GRADE system was used for evidence evaluation.Results:A total of 32 systematic reviews/meta analysis were included, and the AMSTAR2 scale indicated that only one of the 32 systematic reviews/meta included was of high-quality, 1 was of low-quality, and the others were of extremely low quality. A total of 57 RCTs were included in the 32 systematic reviews for bias risk assessment and data consolidation. GRADE evidence quality evaluation showed that 14 evidences were of medium quality, 26 evidences were of low quality, and 5 evidences were of extremely low quality.Conclusions:Traditional exercises can improve cardiopulmonary function, but with low evidence quality. Thus, clinicians should make clinical decisions based on conditions.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906532

ABSTRACT

Quality evaluation based on character identification of traditional Chinese medicinal materials is the wisdom crystallization of the long-term medication experience of the pharmacists in the past dynasties, and is a quality evaluation system with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Because of its simple language, easy to understand and easy to operate, it plays an important guiding role in the quality evaluation of TCM. Modern electronic sensory apparatus technology can realize the objective expression of TCM characters. Some scholars correlated their expression results with the contents of the main chemical components in TCM, proving that quality evaluation based on character identification of traditional Chinese medicinal materials has a certain scientific basis. However, the scientific connotation of quality evaluation based on character identification of traditional Chinese medicinal materials has not yet been clearly clarified. There is a lack of systematic research on which characters of TCM can truly reflect its quality. Therefore, the author summarizes quality evaluation based on character identification of traditional Chinese medicinal materials from three aspects. It makes clear that the idea of quality evaluation based on character identification of traditional Chinese medicinal materials is derived from analogical thinking, and combs the four stages of germination, development, prosperity and maturity experienced in its formation process, summarizes the modern research progress of this theory, clarifies that the role of the theory in evaluating the quality of medicinal materials, guiding the classification of commodity specifications, and harvesting and processing of medicinal materials. It is recommended that the follow-up should be strengthened on the research of quality evaluation based on character identification of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, make full use of electronic sensory instruments, liquid-mass spectrometry, biological efficacy evaluation and other technologies, strengthen the objective description of the characteristics of TCM, and attach importance to the analysis of the correlation between the overall characteristics of TCM and its efficacy, and establish a new research model related to the characteristics-active ingredients-pharmaceutical effects of TCM, in order to elucidate the scientific connotation of quality evaluation based on character identification of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, so as to better serve the quality evaluation of TCM.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2624-2630, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establi sh the quality standard of Yao medicine Pileostegia tomentella,and to provide reference for its quality control. METHODS :Totally 10 batches of P. tomentella were collected from Guangxi area. The properties of P. tomentella were observed and microscopic identification was conducted for the transverse section of its stems ,roots and powder. TLC method was established by using 7-hydroxycoumarin as reference. The contents of water ,total ash ,acid-insoluble ash and alcohol-soluble extract in P. tomentella were determined. The contents of skimmin ,7-hydroxycoumarin and 7-hydroxy-8- methoxycoumarin in P. tomentella were determined by HPLC. RESULTS :The root and stem surface of P. tomentella possessed obvious wrinkles ,hard texture ,slight smell and bitter taste ,and there were secretory cells and needle crystal cells in the cross section. The medicinal powder contained calcium oxalate needle crystal ,calcium oxalate square crystal ,sclerotic cell and starch granules. The results of TLC showed that the spots of the same color were found in the corresponding positions of chromatograms of test samples and 7-hydroxycoumarin control. In the 10 batch of P. tomentella ,the contents of water were 9.1%-11.8%;those of total ash were 3.6%-6.7%;those of acid-insoluble ash were 0.10%-0.44%;those of alcohol-soluble extract were 8.9%-14.0%.The linear range of skimmin ,7-hydroxycoumarin and 7-hydroxy-8-methoxycoumarin were 6.088-182.640,1.568-47.040 and 1.096- 32.880 μg/mL(all r not less than 0.999 7). The average recoveries were 99.47%,101.07% and 99.89%(RSD were all less than 2%). RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h),reproducibility and durability tests were all lower than 2% . The contents of 3 components such as skimmin were 1.337-9.534,0.348-2.236, 0.083-1.088 mg/g,respectively. CONCLUSIONS :It is preli- 201705) minarily proposed that the content of water in P. tomentella is not more than 12.0% ;that of total ash is not more than 7.0%;that of alcohol-soluble extract is not less than 8.0%; E-mail:luguoshou@foxmail.com that of ski mmin is not less than 1.30 mg/g;that of 7-hydroxy- coumarin is not less than 0.30 mg/g;that of 7-hydroxy-8-methoxycoumarin is not less than 0.06 mg/g.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878982

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the effect of different drying methods(drying-in-the-shade, sun-drying, and hot air drying) on appearance characteristics, internal structure and composition of Belamcandae Rhizoma, so as to provide a theoretical basis for screening out suitable drying methods for primary processing. In this study, the Belamcandae Rhizoma's dynamic changes of the moisture content ratio and drying rate with different drying time under different drying methods, as well as the effects of different drying methods on the appearance, drying rate, density, ash, extractives and the contents of six flavonoids(mangiferin, tectoridin, iridin, tectorigenin, irigenin, irisflorentin) were compared. The results showed that fresh Belamcandae Rhizoma consumed the longest time to reach the water balance point by traditional dry drying in the shade, whiche was about 311 h; that by sun drying was 19.3%, which was shorter than drying in the shade; both drying curves were smoother. The section color of the sun drying samples was the closest to that of fresh samples, but the interior is full of holes, with a low density and loose structure. Hot air drying(40, 60, 80 ℃) could save about 27% to 88% of the drying time, which was greatly shorter, with less pores, a larger density and compact structure. Compared with the traditional drying method, the drying rate of hot air drying was reduced by 13.7%. Ash was affected by temperature, the drying conditions under 40 ℃ and below were not significantly different from those of conventional drying. The ash content decreased by 7.73% to 18.5% compared with conventional drying at 60,80 ℃. After conventional drying and 40 ℃ hot air drying, the contents of tectoridin and iridin(glycosides) in the samples were significantly higher than those in 60,80 ℃ hot air drying, while the contents of tectorigenin, irigenin and irisflorentin(aglycones) dried at 60 ℃ were the best. Therefore, considering comprehensive appearance characteristics and content of medicinal ingredients, traditional Chinese medicinal materials after 60 ℃ hot air drying show a solid texture, tight internal structure, good appearance, appropriate reduction of toxic parasides and higher aglycone content.


Subject(s)
Desiccation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Rhizome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878958

ABSTRACT

Based on the characteristics and ISSR molecular marker technology, the study is aimed to compare and perform genetic diversity analysis on Sparganium stoloniferum from 7 regions. Molecular identification method was established for S. stoloniferum from Hunan province. Differences among Sparganii Rhizoma samples from seven habitats were analyzed via measuring weight, length, width and thickness of them. Genetic diversity of S. stoloniferum from 7 regions was analyzed by screening out primers amplifying clear band and showing rich polymorphism, then a cultivars dendrogram was built. The target primer was screened out, and the specific band was sequenced. Nine ISSR primers were selected to amplified clear band, rich polymorphism. A total of 73 bands were amplified by nine ISSR primers selected from 27 ISSR primers. On average, each primer produced 8.0 bands. A total of 38 bands were polymorphic, which occupied 52.8% of all bands. The cultivars dendrogram showed the genetic similarity was 0.54-0.94. Genetic similarity coefficient of S. stoloniferum from Jiangsu province, Anhui province and Jiangxi province was big, indicating the differences among them were slight on genetic level. S. stoloniferum from Hunan province is quite different from samples from the other six habitats on appea-rance and genetic level. A specific band(327 bp) in S. stoloniferum from Hunan province was obtained via ISSR-857 primer, and was sequenced. According BLASTn database, there were few sequences similar to the gene fragment and had little correlation with the growth process of plant. ISSR molecular marker technology provides a new idea for the identification of S. stoloniferum. This result confirmed the particularity of S. stoloniferum from ancient Jingzhou.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Genetic Markers/genetics , Genetic Variation , Microsatellite Repeats , Phylogeny , Polymorphism, Genetic
19.
Rev. colomb. psicol ; 29(1): 73-86, ene.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115627

ABSTRACT

Resumo Investigar a relação entre as forças de caráter e a autorregulaçào emocional faz-se importante, pois os construtos podem auxiliar na diminuição de psicopatologias e contribuir para um desenvolvimento saudável. O estudo teve por objetivo analisar a predição das forças de caráter em relação à autorregulaçào emocional diante de eventos tristes. A amostra teve 233 universitários, com idades entre 18 e 52 anos (M=23.20; DP=5.588). Os participantes responderam à Escala de Forças de Caráter (EFC) e à Escala de Autorregulação Emocional-Adulto (EARE-AD). Cada fator da EARE-AD foi predito por pelo menos três forças de caráter (β entre .177 e .375). Com exceção da força espiritualidade, todas as forças se associaram significativamente com os fatores da EARE-AD (r entre .14 e .47). Os resultados indicam que as forças de caráter vitalidade e autorregulação são as que mais contribuem para minimizar dificuldades emocionais. Novos estudos são sugeridos a fim de compreender alguns resultados encontrados nas forças de caráter.


Resumen Investigar la relación entre las fuerzas de carácter y la autorregulación emocional es importante, pues los constructos pueden contribuir a la disminución de psicopatologias y aportar para un desarrollo sano. El propósito del estudio fue analizar la predicción de las fuerzas de carácter en relación con la autorregulación emocional ante eventos tristes. La muestra contó con 233 universitarios, con edades entre 18 y 52 años (M=23.20; DE=5.588). Los participantes contestaron la Escala de Fuerzas de Carácter (EFC) y la Escala de Autorregulación Emocional-Adulto (EARE-AD). Cada factor de la EARE-ad se predijo por al menos tres fuerzas de carácter (β entre .177 y .375). A excepción de la fuerza espiritualidad, todas las fuerzas se asociaron significativamente con los factores de la EARE-AD (r entre .14 y .47). Los resultados señalan que las fuerzas de carácter vitalidad y autorregulación son las que más aportan para reducir dificultades emocionales. Nuevos estudios son sugeridos con el fin de comprender algunos resultados encontrados en las fuerzas de carácter.


Abstract It is important to research the relation between character strengths and emotional self-regulation because constructs can help reduce psycho-pathologies and contribute to healthy development. The purpose of the study was to analyze the prediction of character strengths in relation to emotional self-regulation in the face of sad events. The sample was made up of 233 university students between the ages of 18 and 52 (M=23.20; DE=5.588). Participants answered the Character Strengths Scale (EFC) and the Adult Emotional Self-Regulation Scale (EARE-AD). Each factor of the EARE-ad was predicted by at least three character strengths (β entre .177 y .375). With the exception of the spirituality strength, all of the strengths were significantly associated with EARE-AD factors (r between .14 and .47). Results show that the character strengths of vitality and self-regulation are those that contribute most to reduce emotional difficulties. We suggest new studies in order to understand some of the findings regarding character strengths.

20.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(3): 304-310, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126123

ABSTRACT

Resumen El médico ha sido desde la Antigüedad víctima de la ambivalencia afectiva de la población, que lo ama y lo odia de acuerdo a sus éxitos y fracasos. Mientras algunos despotrican contra el gremio, se enorgullecen de ser pacientes del Dr. Tal o Cual, a quien se refieren por su nombre de pila, como queriendo sentar dominio sobre su persona. Los hay quienes lo envidian y desprecian en público sus éxitos, que niegan, y su bienestar económico, que desearían tener. Pero, en general, restando y sumando, la opinión pública hoy en día reconoce el avance de la profesión y valora la imagen del médico, en tanto que antaño, cuando el arte fallaba a menudo y la oferta de curación era escasa, esta imagen solía ser poco favorable. La literatura, que registra los usos y costumbres de cada época, presta valiosa ayuda para conocer los cambios que ha sufrido la apreciación de la labor médica y de sus ejecutantes. Una somera revisión de algunos textos clásicos en que aparece el médico como personaje, pueden ayudarnos a visualizar esta evolución, haciendo la salvedad que sólo podemos presentar un puñadito de ejemplos, para colmo elegidos según nuestro personal juicio y gusto.


Abstract The doctor has been from de Antiquity a victim of the people's affective ambivalence, who loves and hates him accord his success or failures. Some rant against the medical guild, but are proud to be patients of one or another doctor, more o less celebrated, referring familiarly to him as Tony or Jim. A certain envy hurts the doctor's image, countered by gratitude, but finally, as times goes by, the continuous progress of medicine has been improving the public perception about the medical work. A quick review of the Modern Age literature, personal, whimsical and may be imperfect, from Michel de Montaigne, in the sixteenth century until. A. J. Cronin in the twentieth, shows the evolution of the doctor as a literary character, first as a tricky ignorant, after like a clown, later fighting epidemics and ending as a self-sacrificing medical researcher.


Subject(s)
Physicians
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