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Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 497-501, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805560


Objective@#To compare the time of the recovery of neutrophils or leukocytes by pegylated recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) or common recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) in the myelosuppressive phase after induction chemotherapy in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. At the same time, the incidences of infection and hospitalization were compared.@*Methods@#A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted in patients with newly diagnosed AML who met the enrollment criteria from August 2014 to December 2017. The patients were randomly divided into two groups according to a 1:1 ratio: PEG-rhG-CSF group and rhG-CSF group. The time of neutrophil or leukocyte recovery, infection rate and hospitalization interval were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#60 patients with newly diagnosed AML were enrolled: 30 patients in the PEG-rhG-CSF group and 30 patients in the rhG-CSF group. There were no significant differences in age, chemotherapy regimen, pre-chemotherapy ANC, WBC, and induction efficacy between the two groups (P>0.05) . The median time (range) of ANC or WBC recovery in patients with PEG-rhG-CSF and rhG-CSF were 19 (14-35) d and 19 (15-26) d, respectively, with no statistical difference (P=0.566) . The incidences of infection in the PEG-rhG-CSF group and the rhG-CSF group were 90.0%and 93.3%, respectively, and there was no statistical difference (P=1.000) . The median days of hospitalization (range) was 20.5 (17-49) days and 21 (19-43) days, respectively, with no statistical difference (P=0.530) .@*Conclusions@#In AML patients after induction therapy, there was no significant difference between the application of PEG-rhG-CSF and daily rhG-CSF in ANC or WBC recovery time, infection incidence and hospitalization time.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490158


Objective To investigate the clinical features, brain imaging significance and the possible pathogenesis of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) followed by chemotherapy induction.Methods The diagnosis and treatment of ALL were performed according to the guidelines of the Pediatric Association of Chinese Medical Association.There were 11 cases of pediatric ALL who developed PRES after chemotherapy induction.The clinical presentations, initial and follow-up radiologic features, and the neurologic outcomes of these 11 cases were investigated for one-year follow-up.All patients were reexamined 1,3,6, and 12 months after first imaging.Results Headache (10/1 1 cases), epileptic seizure (7/11 cases), high blood pressure (4/11 cases) ,visual impairment (6/11 cases) ,disturbance of consciousness (5/11 cases) and walking instability (2/11 cases) were the most common symptoms of these ALL patients with PRES.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning revealed that lesions were mainly distributed in occipital lobe (9/11 cases), parietal lobe (8/11 cases), frontal lobe (5/11 cases) ,temporal lobe (3/11 cases), the deep white matter of bilateral periventricular and centrum semiovale (2/11 cases) and hemisphaerium cerebelli (1/11 cases).The radiological findings indicated that lesions had multifocal,symmetrical and posteriorly distributed characteristics in the cerebral hemispheres.After the diagnosis of PRES,patients stopped chemotherapy courses promptly and received symptomatic treatment, and then the clinical and imaging symptoms of most cases gradually disappeared.After 1-year follow-up,9 patients had good prognosis and no sequelae, 1 patient had symptomatic epilepsy (brain magnetic resonance imaging scan showed lesions in the left temporal lobe) ,and 1 patient had slight visual impairment.After the craniocerebral symptoms disappeared clinically ALL chemotherapy continued in all patients and no recurrent PRES was observed.Conclusions Although the clinical and imaging features of PRES may be diverse ,PRES should be recognized as a possible important complication of ALL when neurological symptoms appear.However, PRES is reversible when the patients are diagnosed and treated at an early stage.Thus,the occurrence of PRES should be considered and investigated to optimize the early induction schemes for ALL treatment.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456907


Objective To investigate the efficacy and side effect of induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy ( IMRT) in the treatment of 81 patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma ( NPC) . Methods 81 patients with locally advanced NPC were divided into the vinorelbine group and fluorouracil group . Patients in the vinorelbine group were given vinorelbine 25-30mg/m2 d1,d8,DDP 75mg/m2 ,d1-d3.Patients in the fluorouracil group were given DDP 75mg/m2,d1-d3,fluorouracil 750 mg/m2 d1-d5.The treatment schedules were recycled every 3 weeks.After 2-4 cycles, the patients received concurrent chemoradiotherapy .In the vinorelbine group,IMRT with NVB 25-30mg/m2,DDP 40mg d1,d8,d22,d29,d43,d51 from the first day of IMRT.In the fluorou-racil group,IMRT with fluorouracil 750mg/m2 ,DDP 25/m2 d1,d8,d22,d29,d43,d51 from the first day of IMRT. Results The overall leukopenia and thrombocytopenia decline was 47.5% vs 24.4% in patients with Ⅲ and Ⅳgrade(χ2 =4.73,P<0.05).5-year locoregional relapse-free survival rates were 85.0% vs 65.9%(χ2 =4.05,P<0.05).5-year overall survival rates were 85.0%vs 68.3%(χ2 =3.18,P<0.05).Conclusion NP regiment induc-tion chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy for advanced NPC can achieve better result in clinical response and 5-year locoregional relapse-free survival rate compared with FP and the effect is clinically acceptable .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428118


ObjectiveTo investigate the delineation of gross tumor volume (GTV) in locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LANC) according to imageological changes before and after induction chemotherapy (IC) in order to decrease high dose area and protect normal tissue better.MethodsBetween Mar 2010 to Jan 2011,11 patients with LANC were enrolled and treated with TPF regimen followed by intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with concurrent chemotherapy,target volumes were delineated based on fused CT imaging before and after IC following project determination.Tumor target volumes after and before IC were respectively delineated according to imaging tumor residues and were overlaid by CTVnx in order to ensure radical doses for the imaging tumor volume before IC,the resulting differences of tumor target volumes of IC before and after were measured and analyzed by paired t-test.ResultsBefore and after IC,the average volumes of GTVnx were respectively 44.72 cm3 and 28.87 ( t =3.89,P =0.003 ),the average volumes of GTVnd were respectively 32.76 cm3 and 19.82 cm3 ( t =2.47,P =0.033 ),the volumes of maximum dose area in brainstem and spinal cord as well as eyeball decreased ( t =2.93-4.59,all P <0.05).ConclusionsLANC treated by 3 cycle TPF regimen followed by IMRT with concurrent chemotherapy showes significant shrinkage of tumor volume.The volume of high dose region which caused by normally recovered tissues were decreased by re-delineation of target volume in brainstem and spinal cord as well as eyeball of CT images after IC.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390640


Objective To evaluate the impact of chemotherapy compliance on the therapeutic efficacy of induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy versus induction chemotherapy plus radiotherapy alone for patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods Based on intention to treat analysis (ITT) for 400 patients, 314 patients were analyzed by per protocol (PP) analysis. The patients were divided into induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy group (IC/CCRT, 127 patients) or induction chemotherapy plus radiotherapy group (IC/RT, 187 patients). The patients who completed 2 cycles of induction chemotherapy and at least 2 cycles of concurrent chemotherapy in the IC/CCRT group and the patients who completed 2 cycles of induction chemotherapy in the IC/RT group were analyzed. Radiotherapy was given by two-dimensional technique with γ-ray, X-ray and electron beams. The chemotherapy regimen was FUDR plus carboplatin for induction chemotherapy and carboplatin alone for concurrent chemotherapy. Results The follow-up rate was 96.2%. 295 patients were followed to at 3 years. Based on PP analysis, Grade 3/4 toxicity was found in 23.6% of the patients in IC/CCRT group and 13.4% in the IC/RT group (χ~2 =5,50,P=0.019). No grade 4 toxicity was found in the IC/RT group. The median follow-up time was 3.9 years, and no significant difference was found between the two groups in 3-year overall survival (78.1% : 84.6% ;χ~2 = 0. 61, P =0. 435), disease-free survival (74.3 % : 70.1% ;χ~2= 0. 12, P= 0.731), Iocoregional relapse-free survival (89.7% : 89.5% ; χ~2= 0. 10, P= 0.748), or distant metastasis-free survival (78.9%:76.5% ;χ~2=0.05,P=0.825). Conclusions With more severe toxicities, the IC/CCRT regimen does not improve the overall survival in locally advanced NPC patients compared with the IC/RT regimen.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387297


Objective To compare the efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy versus radiotherapy alone for T3-4 N0-1 M0 and T14 N2-3 M0 nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) after induction chemotherapy.Methods From 2002 to 2005,400 patients with stage Ⅲ and Ⅳa NPC were randomly divided into 2 groups :induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy group (IC/CCRT,201 patients),and induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy alone group (IC/RT, 199 patients).Subgroup analysis was conducted for 197 patients with stage T3-4N0-1M0 NPC and 203 with stage T1-4N2-3M0 NPC.Results The follow-up rate were 96.2%, with a median followg-up time of 3.9 years.For T3-4N0-1 M0 NPC patients in IC/CCRT group (104 patients) and IC/RT group (93 patients), the 3-year overall survival, disease-free survival, locoregional recurrence-free survival and distant metastasis-free survival rates were 84.0% and 85.9% (χ2=0.08,P =0.780) ,77.0% and 72.0% (χ2=0.44,P =0.510) ,89.5% and 92.3% (χ2=0.65 ,P = 0.420), and 84.9% and 77.0% (χ2= 1.59, P = 0.210), respectively; For T1-4 N2-3 M0 NPC patients in IC/CCRT group (97 patients) and IC/RT group (106 patients), the corresponding rates were 67.4% and 82.2% (χ2=3.48,P=0.060), 61.5% and 68.0% (χ2= 1.86,P=0.170), 86.2% and 87.0% (χ2=0.57 ,P =0.450) and 66.2% and 75.6% (χ2=2.07 ,P =0.150), respectively.Acute sideeffects were similar except more leucocytopenia in IC/CCRT group than IC/RT group.Conclusions Compared with IC/RT, IC/CCRT dose not improve the overall survival in patients with T3-4N0-1 M0 and T1-4 N2-3 M0 NPC.