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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13469, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557309

ABSTRACT

Older adults have a high prevalence of falls due to a decline in physiological functions and various chronic diseases. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of and risk factors for falls among older individuals in the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). We collected information from 9737 older individuals (average age=84.26 years) from the CLHLS and used binary logistic regression analysis to explore the independent risk factors and protective factors for falls. The logistic regression analysis results are reported as adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs). The prevalence of falls among older adults in China was 21.6%, with women (24.6%) having a higher prevalence than men (18.1%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that never (or rarely) eating fresh fruit, difficulty with hearing, cataracts, and arthritis were the common independent risk factors for falls in older Chinese men and women. Among men, age ≥80 years (aOR=1.86), never doing housework (aOR=1.36), and dyslipidemia (aOR=1.47) were risk factors, while eating milk products once a week was a protective factor. Alcohol consumption (aOR=1.40), physical labor (aOR=1.28), and heart disease (aOR=1.21) were risk factors for falls in women, while a daily sleep duration of 6-12 h and garlic consumption once a week were protective factors. The prevalence of falls among older adults in China is 21.6% and is greater in women than in men. These risk and protective factors can be used to formulate reasonable recommendations for living habits, diet, and chronic disease control strategies.

2.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(1): 1-11, ene. 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552776

ABSTRACT

Löfgren syndrome (LS) is a unique acute manifestation of sarcoidosis and characterized by erythema nodosum, bilateral hilar lymphadenectasis, and/or bilateral ankle arthritis or periarthritis. A 37 - year - old female patient with LS presented with fever accompanied by multiple joint swelling and pain, nodular skin erythema, and bilateral hilar lymphadenectasis. The patient had received treatment involving non - steroidal anti - inflammatory drugs and glucocorticoids in other hospitals, but the effects were poor, and the conditions reemerged. The LS duration has lasted for more than 3 months. Following traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment, syndrome differentiation as well as giving patients oral Chinese medicine decoction, the symptoms of the patient were rapidly relieved within one week and did not recur during a six - month follow - up period. This case is the first clinical report of acute sarcoidosis LS treated using T CM and reflects the significant advantages of this form of therapy in emergency treatment


El síndrome de Löfgren (LS) es una manifest ación única y aguda de sarcoidosis, caracterizada por eritrema nodoso, linfadenectasis hilar bilateral, y/o a r tritis de tobillo bilateral o periartritis. Una paciente de 37 años de sexo femenino con LS se presentó con fiebre, acompañada de inflamación y do lor múltiple de articulaciones, eritrema nodular cutáneo, y linfadenectasis hilar bilateral. La paciente recibió un tratamiento que consistió en antiinflamatorios no esteroidales y glucocorticoides en otros hospitales, pero los efectos fueron leves y las c ondiciones reemergieron. El LS ha durado más de tres meses. Siguiendo el tratamiento de medicina tradicional china (MTC), la diferenciación de síndrome, así como darles a los pacientes una decocción de medicina china por vía oral, los síntomas de la pacien te rápidamente fueron aliviados en el curso de una semana y no recidivaron durante los seis meses de un seguimiento. El caso es el primer reporte clínico de tratamiento de sarcoidosis aguda asociada a LS usando TCM y refleja las significativas ventajas de esta forma de terapia en el tratamiento de emergencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Sarcoidosis/complications , Acute Disease
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 172-178, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003422

ABSTRACT

By combing the application and funding situation of general, young scholar and regional scholar programs from National Natural Science Foundation of China(NSFC) in field of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine in 2023, this paper summarizes the distribution of supporting units, application and funding hotspots, and the problems of application and funding projects in this discipline, in order to provide a reference for applicants and supporting organizations to understand the hotspot dynamics and reporting requirements of the discipline. In 2023, the discipline of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine received a total of 2 793 applications, and there were 1 254 applications for general programs, 1 278 applications for young scholar programs, and 261 applications for regional scholar programs. The amounts of project funding obtained by the three were 145, 164 and 35, respectively, and the funding rates were 11.56%, 12.83% and 13.41% in that order. From the situation of obtaining funding, the age distribution of the project leaders who obtained funding for the general, young scholar and regional scholar programs were mainly distributed in the age of 40-46, 30-34, 38-44 years, respectively. Within the supported programs, the Chinese medicine affiliations accounted for 55.52%. With respect to research subjects, the proportion of one single Chinese herbs, or monomers, or extracts accounted for 29.4%, but the proportion of Chinese herb pairs or prescriptions accounted for 47.1%. Research hotspots included ferroptosis, bile acid metabolism, macrophages, mitochondria, microglia, exosomes, intestinal flora, microecology and so on. The current research mainly focused on the common key problems of the advantageous diseases of Chinese and western integrative medicine, but still need to be improved in the basic theories of Chinese and western medicine and multidisciplinary cross-disciplinary research.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 726-733, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016516

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the prevalence of liver cirrhosis and the changing trend of the disease burden of liver cirrhosis in the Chinese population from 1990 to 2019, and to provide a data reference for formulating the prevention and treatment strategies for liver cirrhosis in China. MethodsThe Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 was used to collect the data on the incidence rate, mortality rate, disability-adjusted life years (DALY), years of life lost (YLL), and years lived with disability (YLD) of liver cirrhosis. The Joinpoint regression model was used to analyze the changing trend of disease burden; the age-period-cohort (APC) model was used to evaluate age, period, and cohort effects; R software BAPC package was used to predict future changes in disease burden. ResultsFrom 1990 to 2019 in China, there were increases in the numbers of liver cirrhosis cases and prevalent cases in the general population, as well as in the male and female populations, while there was a reduction in the number of deaths. From 1990 to 2019, the standardized incidence rate, standardized prevalence rate, and standardized mortality rate of liver cirrhosis in the Chinese population showed a downward trend, with a mean annual reduction of 0.62% (95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.74% to -0.50%, t=9.99, P<0.001), 0.44% (95%CI: -0.53% to -0.35%, t=13.18, P<0.001), and 3.02% (95%CI: -3.12% to -2.93%, t=7.58, P<0.001), respectively. From 1990 to 2019, the standardized DALY, YLL, and YLD rates of liver cirrhosis in the Chinese population also showed a downward trend, with a mean annual reduction of 3.27% (95%CI: -3.37% to -3.18%, t=6.22, P<0.001), 3.32% (95%CI: -3.42% to -3.22%, t=9.31, P<0.001), and 1.42% (95%CI: -1.49% to -1.34%, t=4.93, P<0.001), respectively. From 1990 to 2019, the incidence rate of liver cirrhosis in the Chinese population first increased and then decreased with age, while the mortality rate showed an increasing trend, and the risks of disease onset and death showed a decreasing trend with time and birth cohort. The predictive model showed that the standardized incidence rate, prevalence rate, mortality rate, and DALY rate of liver cirrhosis in China will show a decreasing trend from 2020 to 2030. Alcohol was the most important risk factor for both male and female populations, followed by medication. ConclusionThe disease burden of liver cirrhosis in China shows a decreasing trend from 1990 to 2019, with sex and age differences, especially in the middle-aged male population. Effective measures should be taken for intervention.

5.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 67-73, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013571

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current status of capacity building in schistosomiasis control institutes in schistosomiasis-endemic provinces (municipality, autonomous region) of China. Methods The responsibilities and construction requirements of various schistosomiasis control institutions were surveyed by expert discussions, and field interviews and visits during the period between May and June, 2023, and the questionnaire for capacity maintenance and consolidation in schistosomiasis control institutions was designed. An online questionnaire survey was conducted in county-, municipal-, and provincial-level institutions that undertook schistosomiasis control and surveillance activities through the Wenjuanxing program. The distribution of schistosomiasis control institutions, the status of institutions, departments and staff undertaking schistosomiasis control activities and the translation of scientific researches on schistosomiasis control in China were analyzed. The laboratories accredited by China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment (CNAS) were considered to be capable for testing associated with schistosomiasis control, and the testing capability of schistosomiasis control institutions was analyzed. Results A total of 486 valid questionnaires were recovered from 486 schistosomiasis control institutions in 12 endemic provinces (municipality, autonomous region) of China, including 12 provincial-level institutions (2.5%), 77 municipal-level institutions (15.8%) and 397 county-level institutions (81.7%). Of all schistosomiasis control institutions, 376 (77.4%) were centers for disease control and prevention or public health centers, 102 (21.0%) were institutions for schistosomiasis, endemic disease and parasitic disease control, and 8 (1.6%) were hospitals, healthcare centers or others. There were 37 713 active employees in the 486 schistosomiasis control institutions, including 5 675 employees related to schistosomiasis control, and the proportions of employees associated with schistosomiasis control among all active employees were 5.9% (231/3 897), 5.5% (566/10 134), and 20.6% (4 878/23 682) in provincial-, municipal-, and county-level institutions, respectively. There were 3 826 full-time employees working in schistosomiasis control activities, with 30.5% (1 166/3 826), 34.6% (1 324) and 34.9% (1 336/3 826) at ages of 40 years and below, 41 to 50 years and over 50 years, and there were 1 571 (41.0%) full-time schistosomiasis control employees with duration of schistosomiasis control activities for over 25 years, and 1 358 (35.5%) employees with junior professional titles and 1 290 with intermediate professional titles (35.5%), while 712 (18.6%) full-time employees working in schistosomiasis control activities had no professional titles. The three core schistosomiasis control activities included snail control (26.3%, 374/1 420), epidemics surveillance and management (25.4%, 361/1 420) and health education (18.8%, 267/1 420) in schistosomiasis control institutions. The Kato-Katz method, miracidium hatching test with nylon gauzes, and indirect haemagglutination assay (IHA) were the most commonly used techniques for detection of schistosomiasis, and there were less than 50% laboratories that had capabilities or experimental conditions for performing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), dipstick dye immunoassay (DDIA), dot immunogold filtration assay (DIG-FA), loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. During the period from 2018 to 2022, schistosomiasis control institutions had undertaken a total of 211 research projects for schistosomiasis control, with a total funding of 18.596 million RMB, published 619 articles, participated in formulation of 13 schistosomiasis control-related criteria, and applied for 113 schistosomiasis control-related patents, including 101 that were granted, and commercialized 4 scientific research outcomes. Conclusions The proportion of independent specialized schistosomiasis control institutions is low in schistosomiasis control institutions in China, which suffers from problems of unsatisfactory laboratory testing capabilities, aging of staff and a high proportion of low-level professional titles. More investment into and intensified schistosomiasis control activities and improved capability building and talent cultivation in schistosomiasis control institutions are recommended to provide a powerful support for high-quality elimination of schistosomiasis in China.

6.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 7-12, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013563

ABSTRACT

On June 16, 2023, National Disease Control and Prevention Administration of the People’s Republic of China, in collaboration with other ministries, formulated and issued the Action Plan to Accelerate the Elimination of Schistosomiasis in China (2023—2030). The implementation of this plan provides an important basis for achieving the targets set in the “Healthy China 2030” action plan and the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy. This paper describes the background, principles, targets, control strategies, safeguard measures and effectiveness evaluation of the plan, in order to guide the scientific and standardized implementation of actions for schistosomiasis elimination at the grassroots level, and facilitate the progress towards elimination of schistosomiasis in China with a high quality.

7.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 1-6, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013562

ABSTRACT

The goal of achieving elimination of schistosomiasis across all endemic counties in China by 2030 was proposed in the Outline of the Healthy China 2030 Plan. On June 16, 2023, the Action Plan to Accelerate the Elimination of Schistosomiasis in China (2023—2030) was jointly issued by National Disease Control and Prevention Administration and other 10 ministries, which deployed the targets and key tasks of the national schistosomiasis elimination programme in China. This article describes the progress of the national schistosomiasis control programme, analyzes the opportunities to eliminate schistosomiasis, and proposes targeted recommendations to tackle the challenges of schistosomiasis elimination, so as to accelerate the process towards schistosomiasis elimination and facilitate the building of a healthy China.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 853-859, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013549

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To systematically evaluate the real-world effectiveness and safety of belimumab in the treatment of lupus nephritis (LN) in Chinese adult patients. METHODS Retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Wanfang data, CNKI, VIP and CBM, real-world studies on belimumab in the treatment of LN in Chinese adult patients were collected from the inception to July 7th, 2023. Two reviewers independently screened the literature, extracted data, and assessed the quality of the included studies. Meta-analysis was then performed using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS A total of 10 real- world studies were included, involving 253 Chinese adult patients with LN. The results of the meta-analysis demonstrated that the complete renal response rate, partial renal response rate, and the incidence of adverse reaction rate in Chinese adult patients with LN treated with belimumab were 61% (95%CI was 46%-76%, P<0.000 01), 23%(95%CI was 2%-44%, P=0.03), and 30% (95%CI was 16%-43%, P<0.000 01), respectively. Belimumab could reduce the 24-hour urinary protein (MD=-1.71, 95%CI was -3.02--0.40, P=0.01), urine protein-creatinine ratio (MD=-1.76,95%CI was -2.06--1.46,P<0.000 01), the systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (MD=-8.63, 95%CI was -12.12--5.13, P<0.000 01), and glucocorticoids dosage (MD=-18.65, 95%CI was -31.82--5.48, P=0.006). In addition, it could elevate the levels of complement C3 (MD=0.19, 95%CI was 0.08-0.30, P=0.000 6) and complement C4 (MD=0.06, 95%CI was 0.02-0.09, P=0.001). However, belimumab could not improve the levels of serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Belimumab has good efficacy and safety in Chinese adult patients with LN.

9.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 562-567, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012941

ABSTRACT

Medical justice is the concrete embodiment of social equity and justice in the field of medical care. The socialist system is a strong guarantee to solve the problem of medical justice. Basic medical service, which "guaranteed by the government, fairly obtained by all the people", is an inevitable requirement of socialist modernization with Chinese characteristics in the new era. The development of health and wellness in the new era should establish the core value concept of "taking people’s health as the center", take the "great health concept" as the guide, construct the medical justice concept based on people’s health, so as to provide a solid ideological guarantee for comprehensively promoting the construction of Healthy China, and then contribute to the Chinese model and Chinese scheme for global health governance. The main contents of medical justice based on people’s health should include fair medical treatment, accessible medical treatment and public welfare medical treatment. Its implementation path are: promoting the equalization of basic public medical services in urban and rural areas, continuously pressing forward the fairness of medical resource allocation; giving priority to people’s health and ensuring the justice of medical management system; coordinating the imbalance between doctors and patients effectively, and effectively promote the harmonious relationship between doctors and patients.

10.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 338-341, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012900

ABSTRACT

Based on "Health China" strategy, health humanities education of medical students should be strengthened. The health humanistic education treats all medical students as the object, and infiltrates the humanities into the whole process of health education of medical students in an all-round way, so as to improve health literacy and promote health. Following the strategic deployment of "Health China" and guided by "Health China 2030" Planning Outline, health humanistic education should establish the era orientation of "health first", "people’s health as the center" and "joint construction and sharing", adapt the needs of medical humanistic reform from "disease-centered" to "health-centered", cultivate medical talents with benevolence and skill to meet the needs of a better life, train general practitioners to ensure people’s health in an all-round and all-cycles.

11.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 195-200, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012875

ABSTRACT

One of the crux of the problem of doctor-patient relationship is the uneven division of rights and obligations between doctors and patients. Among them, it is significantly essential to emphasize the patient’s obligation as a weak point. The reasons cover many aspects. On the one hand, it is of great significance to standardize patient obligations: the definition of patients’ obligations is better health protection for patients; the emphasis on patients’ obligations is the moral support for doctors’ responsibilities; the fulfillment of patients’ obligations promotes the win-win interests of doctors and patients. On the other hand, the current situation of standardizing patients’ obligations is not optimistic: the provisions of patients’ obligations in existing laws and regulations are not ideal; the current ethical discussion on patient obligations also needs to be deepened. Therefore, in order to standardize patients’ obligations, build harmonious doctor-patient relationship and build a community of doctor-patient, this paper put forward specific suggestions from three aspects: improving laws and regulations, standardizing the management of medical institutions and enhancing patients’ literacy.

12.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 71-77, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012852

ABSTRACT

The Healthy China Strategy launched by China is not only a practical policy, but also an ethical revolution in the field of health. Under the Healthy China Strategy, the health field and its sub-field health care are defined as areas with "public" ethics as the fundamental ethical principles. Reconstructing the health care with "public" ethics should get rid of the health care oriented market lead and technical lead, and return to its "public" nature. In terms of concrete realization, the state and the government need to be the power backing of the "public" ethics of the health and medical care, the reconstructing must be leaded by Chinese Communist Party, and the fundamental realization of the "public" ethics of the health and medical care should take the institutions as the fundamental approach.

13.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 87-101, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006922

ABSTRACT

@#<p>Bartter syndrome (BS) is a rare inherited salt-losing renal tubular disorder characterized by secondary hyperaldosteronism with hypokalemia and hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, and normal or low blood pressure. In severe cases, preterm delivery, hypovolemia, ventricular arrhythmia, rhabdo-myolysis, renal failure, growth failure and sensorineural deafness may occur. In recent years, research on BS has made significant progress. The Bartter Syndrome Consensus Working Group has performed a systematic literature review, and based on evidence-based medicine, summarized aspects related to BS, including clinical manifestations and classification, diagnosis, treatment strategies, and management of complications. This consensus provides an important reference for the better diagnosis and treatment of BS.</p>

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 190-195, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006570

ABSTRACT

China Clinical Cases Library of Traditional Chinese Medicine is built to promote the establishment of a scientific and technological talent evaluation system oriented on innovative value, ability and contribution in the backgroud of breaking the four only and setting new standards required by the document jointly issued by several national administrations and commissions. In the process of the construction, in order to further consolidate the foundation and ensure the quality and authority of case reports, we need to fully understand the origin and development of Chinese medical cases. Therefore, we clarified the development situation of Chinese medical cases by combing the characteristics of ancient and modern case reports, comparing the differences between Chinese and western medical case reports in terms of content and writing requirements, finally formed the main points of systematic case report norms and quality evaluation system, aiming to fully explore the unique advantages of Chinese medical cases in the fields of discipline development, scientific research innovation, clinical practice and guidance, talent evaluation and training, so as to promote its innovative development in a broader direction.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 152-158, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006280

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe angiosperm phylogeny group (APG) Ⅳ system is currently the latest angiosperm classification system. The APG system based on DNA sequence can more naturally reflect the phylogeny and evolution of plants, which has been widely recognized and applied in scientific research and teaching of plants in other countries. Through the comparison between the changes in the APG Ⅳ system and the traditional plant classification system, the changes in the taxonomic status of the original plants of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia were reviewed. MethodBy referring to the literature in China and abroad, the changes in the taxonomic status of the original plants of TCM recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia were sorted out according to the basic groups of angiosperms in the APG Ⅳ system, including the basal group of ANA, the magnoliid and chloranthales, the basal groups of monocots and eudicots, the superrosids, and the superasterids. ResultThere are about 72 species of TCM in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. A total of 76 species of the original plants change in family grade according to the APG Ⅳ system. There are 22 species of TCM belonging to the dicotyledon class, involving 26 species of the original plants. It should be placed in front of the differentiation of monocotyledons and eudicotyledons according to the APG Ⅳ system. ConclusionThis paper largely clarifies the change in the taxonomic status of the original plants of TCM in Chinese Pharmacopoeia according to the APG Ⅳ system, which is helpful to the reviewing literature in China and abroad for the original plants of TCM and facilitates the international academic exchange for TCM. It provides a reference for the revision of textbooks such as Botany and Medicinal Botany in Chinese colleges and universities and will lay the foundation for updating the content of Chinese Pharmacopoeia in the future.

16.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 121-124, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005921

ABSTRACT

The EU is a joint political and economic community organization of many countries. The formulation and implementation of its health strategy need to take into account the differences in the development level of public health among its member countries. Since 2003, the EU has completed the implementation of the third-generation health strategy and launched the fourth-generation health strategy in June 2021. Compared with previous generations of health strategies, EU4Health not only includes targeted measures to cope with COVID-19, but also analyzes the current health challenges in the EU, pointing out the direction for the future development of health in the EU. By introducing the basic health situation of the EU, sorting out the development process, content, and strategic indicators of the EU health strategy, and analyzing the implementation characteristics of EU4Health in the EU, this article aims to provide inspiration for the implementation and further improvement of the “Healthy China” strategy.

17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 70(3): e20230963, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535100

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the correlation between skeletal muscle content and the presence and severity of metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease in patients with metabolic dysregulation in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients from the endocrinology outpatient department at Ningbo First Hospital, in Ningbo, China, in April 2021. Adult patients with metabolic dysregulation who accepted FibroScan ultrasound were included in the study. However, those without clinical data on skeletal muscle mass were excluded. FibroScan ultrasound was used to noninvasively evaluate metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease. The controlled attenuation parameter was used as an evaluation index for the severity of liver steatosis. Bioelectrical impedance analysis was used to measure the skeletal muscle index. RESULTS: A total of 153 eligible patients with complete data were included in the final analysis. As the grading of liver steatosis intensifies, skeletal muscle index decreases (men: Ptrend<0.001, women: Ptrend=0.001), while body mass index, blood pressure, blood lipid, uric acid, aminotransferase, and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance increase (Ptrend<0.01). After adjusting for confounding factors, a negative association between skeletal muscle index and the presence of metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease was observed in men (OR=0.691, p=0.027) and women (OR=0.614, p=0.022). According to the receiver operating characteristic curve, the best cutoff values of skeletal muscle index for predicting the metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease presence were 40.37% for men (sensitivity, 87.5%; specificity, 61.5%) and 33.95% for women (sensitivity, 78.6%; specificity, 63.8%). CONCLUSION: Skeletal muscle mass loss among patients with metabolic dysregulation was positively associated with metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease severity in both sexes. The skeletal muscle index cutoff value could be used to predict metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease.

18.
Medisur ; 21(6)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550565

ABSTRACT

Fundamento en la medicina china, los accidentes cerebrovasculares se relacionan con el síndrome de golpe de viento (Zhong Feng), lo cual se corresponde en la medicina occidental con los accidentes cerebrovasculares hemorrágicos e isquémicos. Objetivo caracterizar a los pacientes con accidentes cerebrovasculares en fase aguda según diagnóstico de la medicina china. Métodos estudio descriptivo, de serie de casos (n=40), que incluyó a pacientes atendidos en el periodo marzo-diciembre de 2018 en el Hospital Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima, de Cienfuegos. Se analizaron las variables: edad, sexo, tipo de enfermedad cerebrovascular en fase aguda, gravedad del ataque del golpe de viento, síndrome según órganos y vísceras, y factor patógeno presente. Resultados predominaron los accidentes cerebrovasculares trombóticos, de los cuales 75,0 % se comportaron como golpe de viento graves tipo flácido; y el 81,3 % estuvo asociado al síndrome de insuficiencia de sangre de hígado. Los embólicos: ataques leves en el 33,3 %; y 18,8 % síndrome de insuficiencia de sangre de hígado. Las hemorragias cerebrales intraparenquimatosas: 62,5 % ataque grave tipo tenso; y 71,4 % fuego de hígado. Hemorragia subaracnoidea: 15 % como ataque grave tipo flácido; y 17,6 % síndrome de insuficiencia de Yin de hígado. El factor patógeno más frecuente resultó el viento interno, presente en 90,0 % de los casos. Conclusiones el análisis de los pacientes con accidente cerebrovascular en fase aguda según diagnóstico tradicional chino, mostró que existe relación clínica con el síndrome golpe de viento y de los Zhang fu de la medicina china.


Foundation In Chinese medicine, strokes are related to wind stroke syndrome (Zhong Feng), which corresponds in Western medicine to hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes. Objective to characterize patients with strokes in the acute stage according to Chinese medicine diagnosis. Methods descriptive case series study (n=40), which included patients treated from March to December 2018 at the Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima Hospital, Cienfuegos. The analyzed variables were: age, sex, type of cerebrovascular disease in the acute stage, severity of the wind stroke attack, syndrome according to organs and viscera, and pathogenic factor present. Results thrombotic strokes predominated, of which 75.0% behaved as severe flaccid type wind stroke; and 81.3% were associated with liver blood failure syndrome. Embolics: mild attacks in 33.3%; and 18.8% liver blood failure syndrome. Intraparenchymal cerebral hemorrhages: 62.5% severe tense attack; and 71.4% liver fire. Subarachnoid hemorrhage: 15% as severe flaccid type attack; and 17.6% liver Yin deficiency syndrome. The most frequent pathogenic factor was internal wind, present in 90.0% of cases. Conclusions the analysis of patients with stroke in the acute phase according to traditional Chinese diagnosis showed that there is a clinical relationship with wind stroke syndrome and the Zhang fu of Chinese medicine.

19.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3926, ene.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1441996

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: examinar la relación entre éxito en la carrera y ambiente de trabajo con enfermeras actuantes en tecnología de reproducción asistida (TRA), e identificar factores que afectan su éxito en la carrera. Método: estudio transversal realizado en 53 centros de fertilidad de 26 provincias en la China Continental. Datos recolectados utilizando cuestionario de datos demográficos, un Cuestionario de Competencias de TRA para Enfermeras Especializadas, la Career-Success Scale (Escala de éxito profesional) y la Nursing Work Environment Scale (Escala del entorno de trabajo de enfermería). Se aplicó estadística inferencial y descriptiva. Resultados: 597 enfermeras actuantes en TRA participaron en nuestra encuesta, entregando 555 cuestionarios válidos. Los puntajes generales promedio de éxito en la carrera y ambiente de trabajo fueron 3,75 (desviación estándar, [DE]=1,01) y 3,42 (DE=0,77) respectivamente. Se observó fuerte correlación positiva entre éxito en la carrera y ambiente de trabajo (r=0,742; p<0,01). La regresión múltiple mostró que la concurrencia a conferencias académicas, atención psicológica, desarrollo profesional, apoyo y cuidado, salario y bienestar constituyeron factores significantes con influencia en el éxito en la carrera. Conclusión: la concurrencia a conferencias académicas, atención psicológica y ambiente de trabajo guardan relación positiva con el éxito en la carrera. Los gestores deberían considerar formas de abordar tales factores.


Objective: to examine the relationship between career success and work environment of nurses who practice in assisted reproductive technology and to identify factors that affect career success. Method: a cross-sectional study conducted in 53 fertility centres in 26 provinces in mainland China. Data were collected using a demographic data questionnaire, a specialised nursing competence questionnaire, the Career-Success Scale, and the Nursing Work Environment Scale. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied. Results: 597 assisted reproductive technology nurses participated in our survey, and 555 valid questionnaires were collected. Theoverall mean scores for career success and work environment were 3.75 [standard deviation (SD) = 1.01] and 3.42 (SD = 0.77) respectively. There was a strong positive correlation between career success and work environment (r = 0.742, p < 0.01). Multiple regression showed that attending academic conferences, psychological care, professional development, support and care, salary, and welfare were significant factors that influence career success. Conclusion: attending academic conferences, psychological care, and work environment are positively related to career success. Administrators should consider ways to address these factors.


Objetivo: examinar a relação entre o sucesso profissional e o ambiente de trabalho de enfermeiros da área de tecnologia de reprodução assistida e identificar os fatores que afetaram tal sucesso. Método: estudo transversal conduzido em 53 centros de fertilidade em 26 províncias da China Continental. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um questionário demográfico, um questionário sobre competências de enfermagem especializada em tecnologias de reprodução assistida, da Career-Success Scale (Escala de Sucesso Profissional) e da Nursing Work Environment Scale (Escala do Ambiente de Trabalho na Enfermagem). Aplicaram-se análises de estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: participaram do estudo 597 enfermeiros da área de tecnologia de reprodução assistida, e 555 questionários válidos foram coletados. As pontuações globais médias para o sucesso profissional e o ambiente de trabalho foram 3,75 [desvio padrão (DP) = 1,01] e 3,42 (DP = 0,77), respectivamente. Verificou-se forte correlação positiva entre o sucesso profissional e o ambiente de trabalho (r = 0,742; p < 0,01). A análise de regressão múltipla mostrou que a participação em eventos acadêmicos, a assistência psicológica, o desenvolvimento profissional, o apoio e os cuidados, e o salário e o bem-estar foram fatores que influenciaram significativamente o sucesso profissional. Conclusão: a participação em eventos acadêmicos, a assistência psicológica e o ambiente de trabalho mostraram correlação positiva com o sucesso profissional. Os gestores deveriam considerar formas de abordar esses fatores.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Job Satisfaction , Nurses
20.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 22(6): 879-886, nov. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554531

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted to ascertain the estrogenic effect of Zhuang Medicated Thread Moxibustion (ZMTM) and explore its time - sensitive impact on estradiol (E2) in female perimenopausal rats. 40 female rats were randomized into four gr oups: the control, model, ZMTM, and acupuncture groups. The perimenopausal syndrome was induced in the last three groups with a daily subcutaneous dose of 80 mg/kg of 4 - vinylcyclohexene diepoxide for 15 days. Afterward, rats in the model and control group s were fed routinely, while rats in the ZMTM and acupuncture groups were treated with six ZMTM and acupuncture courses, respectively. Results of the study suggested that following the six courses of treatment, the E2 level in the model group was significan tly the lowest, while the regular group was the highest (P < 0.05). There was also a gradual increase in the E2 level of the ZMTM group compared to the model and acupuncture groups, e.g. after the 5th and 6th courses of treatment, their E2 level was signif icantly higher than the model and acupuncture groups. The ZMTM group was better than the model and acupuncture groups. In summary, ZMTM can improve perimenopausal induced rats' estrogen level.


El presen te estudio se llevó a cabo para determinar el efecto estrogénico de la moxibustión con hilo medicado Zhuang (ZMTM) y explorar su impacto sensible al tiempo en el estradiol (E2) en ratas hembras perimenopáusicas. Se dividió al azar una muestra de 40 ratas h embras en cuatro grupos: control, modelo, ZMTM y acupuntura. El síndrome perimenopáusico se indujo en los últimos tres grupos con una dosis subcutánea diaria de 80 mg/kg de diepóxido de 4 - vinilciclohexeno durante 15 días. Después, las ratas en los grupos m odelo y control fueron alimentadas rutinariamente, mientras que las ratas en los grupos ZMTM y acupuntura recibieron seis cursos de ZMTM y acupuntura, respectivamente. Los resultados del estudio sugieren que después de los seis cursos de tratamiento, el ni vel de E2 en el grupo modelo fue significativamente más bajo, mientras que el grupo regular fue más alto ( p < 0,05). También hubo un aumento gradual en el nivel de E2 del grupo ZMTM en comparación con los grupos modelo y acupuntura, por ejemplo, desp ués del quinto y sexto cursos de tratamiento, su nivel de E2 fue significativamente más alto que los grupos modelo y acupuntura. El grupo ZMTM fue mejor que los grupos modelo y acupuntura. En resumen, el ZMTM puede mejorar el nivel de estrógeno de las rata s inducidas por la perimenopausia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Estrogens/analysis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion/methods , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods
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