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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1887-1894, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929416

ABSTRACT

This study aims to construct a dynamic two-dimensional characterization technique for the hygroscopicity of traditional Chinese medicine extracts and investigate the effect of material properties of powders on hygroscopicity. The dynamic hygroscopicity-time curves of the powders were measured at 25 ℃ and 75% humidity, and the semi-equilibrium hygroscopicity time (t1/2) and equilibrium hygroscopicity (F∞) were derived as two-dimensional evaluation indicators. Finally, the correlation between the material properties and the hygroscopic behavior was analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares analysis (PLS). The results showed that the dynamic two-dimensional characterization system of hygroscopicity constructed with 1/t1/2 = 0.1 h-1 and F∞ = 15% as the center can classify the hygroscopic behavior of traditional Chinese medicine extracts into four categories: fast hygroscopicity with strong hygroscopicity, slow hygroscopicity with strong hygroscopicity, fast hygroscopicity with weak hygroscopicity and slow hygroscopicity with weak hygroscopicity. The moisture absorption was negatively correlated with D50, D90, ρb and ρt; the moisture absorption rate was negatively correlated with D10, D50, D90, ρb, ρt, and positively correlated with moisture content. The hygroscopicity dynamic two-dimensional characterization indicators of Chinese medicine extracts (CMEs) constructed in this study matched with the physical properties. The method of dynamic multi-dimensional characterization technology is feasible and scientific, and the idea has strong promotional value.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2048-2058, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887059

ABSTRACT

At present, the modernization of Chinese medicine preparations (CMPs) is still a challenging task. The 3 typical Chinese medicine materials (CMMs) used for preparing CMPs are the powders, extracts, and components of Chinese medicine and their properties of CMMs are important for designing CMPs. Basing on our long term research, we have established a property system for CMMs according to the state of CMMs under an exactly condition and according to the interaction characteristics between substances. The property system could be divided into 5 categories: material composition, spatial structure, body property, surface property, physicochemical properties, and they could also be divided into 18 subcategories. Furthermore, we also established the corresponding index and characterization system, where the 61 indexes and characterization techniques were systematically summarized. At last, we hope that the article will promote the modernization of CMPs.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2728-2735, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837528

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to study the effect of combined co-processing of coating and pore forming on the tableting and tablet properties of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) extracts together with its applicability. Four TCM extracts were co-processed using fluid bed with hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) as coating agent and ammonium bicarbonate (NH4HCO3) as pore-forming agent. Powder properties (such as particle size and size distribution, bulk density, tap density, moisture content) and tablet properties (including tensile strength, compaction ratio, fast elastic stretch, and disintegration time) were measured and compared among the powders. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was applied to characterize the surface of particles and tablets. Results showed that the particle size, flowability, and compactibility of the composite particles with HPMC were superior to the parent powders of TCM extracts. These properties of the porous particles with HPMC and NH4HCO3 showed further improvements. In addition, the addition of HPMC prolonged the disintegration time of tablets, whereas the pore-forming effect of NH4HCO3 could shorten the disintegration time. SEM revealed the changes in the morphology of the composite particles and the pores on the surface of the porous particles and tablets. In conclusion, co-processing with HPMC and NH4HCO3 could improve the powder and tablet properties of TCM extract powders, and this method shows certain applicability, which provides a feasible choice for improving the tableting properties of some TCM extract powders.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230971

ABSTRACT

Glass transition theory is an important theory in polymer science, which is used to characterize the physical properties. It refers to the transition of amorphous polymer from the glassy state to the rubber state due to heating or the transition from rubber state to glassy state due to cooling. In this paper, the glassy state and glass transition of food and the similar relationship between the composition of Chinese medicine extract powder and food ingredients were described; the determination method for glass transition temperature (Tg) of Chinese medicine extract powder was established and its main influencing factors were analyzed. Meanwhile, the problems in drying process, granulation process and Chinese medicine extract powder and solid preparation storage were analyzed and investigated based on Tg, and then the control strategy was put forward to provide guidance for the research and production of Chinese medicine solid preparation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250418

ABSTRACT

The physical properties of both raw materials and excipients are closely correlated with the quality of traditional Chinese medicine preparations in oral solid dosage forms. In this paper, based on the concept of the chemical fingerprint for quality control of traditional Chinese medicine products, the method of physical fingerprint for quality evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine extract powders was proposed. This novel physical fingerprint was built by the radar map, and consisted of five primary indexes (i.e. stackablity, homogeneity, flowability, compressibility and stability) and 12 secondary indexes (i.e. bulk density, tap density, particle size<50 μm percentage, relative homogeneity index, hausner ratio, angle of repose, powder flow time, inter-particle porosity, Carr index, cohesion index, loss on drying, hygroscopicity). Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) extract was taken for an example. This paper introduced the application of physical fingerprint in the evaluation of source-to-source and batch-to-batch quality consistence of PNS extract powders. Moreover, the physical fingerprint of PNS was built by calculating the index of parameters, the index of parametric profile and the index of good compressibility, in order to successfully predict the compressibility of the PNS extract powder and relevant formulations containing PNS extract powder and conventional pharmaceutical excipients. The results demonstrated that the proposed method could not only provide new insights into the development and process control of traditional Chinese medicine solid dosage forms.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250415

ABSTRACT

To study the improvement of powder flowability and hygroscopicity of traditional Chinese medicine extract by surface coating modification technology. The 1% hydrophobic silica nanoparticles were used as surface modifier, and andrographis extract powder was taken as a model drug. Three different techniques were used for coating model drugs, with angle of repose, compressibility, flat angle and cohesion as the comprehensive evaluation indexes for the powder flowability. The powder particle size and the size distribution were measured by Mastersizer 2000. FEI scanning electron microscope was used to observe the surface morphology and structure of the powder. The percentage of Si element on the powder surface was measured by energy dispersive spectrometer. The hygroscopicity of powder was determined by Chinese pharmacopoeia method. All of the three techniques can improve the flowability of powder extract. In particular, hygroscopicity of extract powder can also be improved by dispersion and then high-speed mixing, which can produce a higher percentage of Si element on the powder surface. The improvement principle may be correlated with a modifier adhered to the powder surface.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 810-812, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637299

ABSTRACT

?Retinal ischemia - reperfusion injury ( RlRl ) is a common clinical disease, and the producing mechanism is still in research. Experimental and clinical research in recent years have showed that the mechanism of RlRl and oxygen free radicals, gene regulation, calcium overload, inflammatory cytokines and other factors are closely related. ln this article, we summarized the current situation that the scholars at home and abroad study traditional Chinese medicine extract of prevention and treatment of RlRl.

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