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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 160-163, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913132

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of intraoperative indocyanine green (ICG) cholangiography in the accurate identification of the common bile duct since common bile duct injury is a common complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), and to reduce the incidence rate of common bile duct injury during LC. Methods A total of 68 patients who underwent LC in Zhuhai People's Hospital from April 2021 to Jane 2021 were enrolled, among whom 56 patients underwent conventional LC and 12 patients underwent LC under the guidance of ICG cholangiography. The common bile duct, cystic duct, and gallbladder were examined by white light laparoscopy for the conventional LC group and near-infrared laparoscopy for the ICG cholangiography group. The propensity score matching method was used to balance the preoperative data between the two groups. The t -test and the chi-square test were used for comparison of intraoperative blood loss, time of operation, length of postoperative hospital stay, and incidence rate of common bile duct injury between the two groups. Results Compared with the conventional LC group, the ICG cholangiography group had significantly lower intraoperative blood loss 3.1±0.9 mL vs 10.8±2.3 mL, t =-22.709, P < 0.05), significantly shorter time of operation (20.2±1.6 min vs 48.3±5.1 min, t =-19.856, P < 0.05) and length of postoperative hospital stay (1.2±0.3 days vs 2.3±0.8 days, t =-19.507, P < 0.05), and a significantly lower incidence rate of complications (0 vs 8.3%, χ 2 =1.287, P < 0.05). Conclusion ICG cholangiography is an effective method to differentiate between the common bile duct and the cystic duct during LC and can prevent common bile duct injury. This method has great advantages in the treatment of patients with gallstones due to its high degree of identification of the biliary tract, long onset time, repeated application, convenient operation, and ability to be combined with intraoperative navigation device.

2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1184-1188, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911338

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the gastric emptying of orally administered enzyme-hydrolyzed rice flour solution before surgery in the patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy and effect on insulin resistance.Methods:One hundred patients, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 19-30 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia, were divided into 2 groups ( n=50 each) using a random number table method: water group (group C) and enzyme-hydrolyzed rice flour group (group M). Routine fasting and water deprivation were executed at 1 day before operation in two groups, and 300 ml water in group C or 300 ml enzyme-hydrolyzed rice flour solution in group M were taken orally at 2-3 h before induction on the day of surgery.Bedside antrum ultrasonography was used to calculate the gastric volume (GV) before oral administration (V 0), immediately after oral administration (V 1), and before induction (V 2), and then the ΔGV (GV 1-GV 0) was calculated.Fasting plasma glucose and insulin CONCENTRATIONS were measured on admission to hospital (T 1) and on an empty stomach on 1st morning after surgery (T 2), and then the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated according to HOMA steady-state model formula.Visual analog scale (VAS) scores for subjective comfort (thirst, hunger, fatigue and anxiety) and grip strength were assessed before anesthesia (T 3) and before leaving PACU (T 4). Reflux and aspiration during induction, nausea and vomiting within 24 h after surgery, and anal exhaust time after surgery were recorded. Results:There was no significant difference in GV at V 0, V 1 and V 2 between the two groups ( P>0.05). Compared with the baseline at V 0, no significant was found in the GV at V 2 in both groups ( P>0.05). The fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations and HOMA-IR were significantly increased at T 2 than at T 1 in both groups ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Compared with group C, the fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations and HOMA-IR were significantly decreased at T 2, VAS scores for hunger, fatigue and anxiety were decreased at T 3, 4, grip strength was increased at T 3, 4, the postoperative anal exhaust time was shortened, and the incidence of nausea was reduced in group M ( P<0.05). No reflux and aspiration happened during induction in either group. Conclusion:The gastric emptying of 300 ml enzyme-hydrolyzed rice flour solution orally administered at 2 h before surgery is normal in the patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which does not increase the risk of reflux and aspiration during anesthesia induction, reduces postoperative insulin resistance, and increases patient′s subjective comfort, and enhances the postoperative recovery of intestinal function.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910632

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between L-form bacterial infection and surgical site infection (SSI) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients with chronic calculous cholecystitis, and to find out the interventional measures which can be used in clinical prevention of SSI.Methods:Using a prospective nested case-control study, patients with chronic calculous cholecystitis who underwent LC at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from September 2016 to June 2020 were prospectively studied. The postoperative follow-up observation time was within 1 month from the date of surgery. The patients’ general information, perioperative conditions, presence of L-form bacteria in gallbladder contents, postoperative SSI and other indicators, as well as the data entered by the surgeons before the operations were collected in detail. According to whether SSI occurred or not after operation, these patients were paired and grouped in a ratio of 1∶4 between the SSI group versus the control group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors for SSI after LC.Results:Of 695 patients included in the study, there were 248 males and 447 females, aged (46.0±15.0) years old. The infection rates of L-form bacteria in the case group and the control group were 45.32% and 30.94%, respectively. The infection rate of L-form bacteria in the case group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( P<0.05). The L-form bacterial infection rate ( OR=2.082, 95% CI: 1.335-3.197, P=0.001) suggested that L-form bacterial infection significantly increased the risk of SSI. In addition, rupture of gallbladder during surgery, ( OR=2.249, 95% CI: 1.352-3.740, P=0.002), adhesion of gallbladder to surrounding tissues ( OR=1.903, 95% CI: 1.133-3.194, P=0.015), and excessive bleeding during operation ( OR=2.247, 95% CI: 1.418-3.561, P=0.001) also increased the risk of SSI, while increased experience of operating surgeons on number of surgical cases ( OR=0.549, 95% CI: 0.340-0.888, P=0.014) decreased the risk of SSI. Conclusion:L-form bacterial infection was one of the risk factors of SSI. L-form bacterial culture and tests for drug sensitivity were important in selecting antibiotics. Improved surgical skills, careful dissection of gallbladder from surrounding adhesions, reduction on intraoperative blood loss and avoiding gallbladder rupture contributed to a decrease in SSI.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910631

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the optimal surgical timing of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) after percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) for acute cholecystitis.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of patients with acute cholecystitis who were treated at Zhengzhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from April 2016 to October 2020 with initial PTGBD followed by LC. These patients were divided into three groups according to the time intervals between LC with PTGBD. Patients who underwent LC 3~4 weeks after PTGBD were in the short interval group ( n=67); patients who underwent LC 5~8 weeks after PTGBD were in the intermediate interval group ( n=78); and patients who underwent LC>8 weeks after PTGBD were in the long interval group ( n=73). The baseline and perioperative data of the three groups were compared. Results:In 218 patients, 97 were males and 121 were females, aged (72.1±8.4) years. Before LC, the gallbladder wall in the short interval group (4.77±0.62) mm was significantly thicker than that in the intermediate interval group (3.85±0.34) mm and the long interval group (3.81±0.25) mm (all P<0.05). Intraoperative blood loss in the intermediate interval group was significantly less than that in the short interval group ( P<0.05). The operation time, conversion to laparotomy, placement of drainage tube, postoperative hospital stay and total hospitalization expenses in the intermediate interval group were significantly better than those in the other two groups (all P<0.05). The incidence of complications in the intermediate interval group was significantly lower than that in the short interval group [2.56% (2/78) vs. 14.93% (10/67)], and the long interval group [2.56% (2/78) vs. 12.33% (9/73), all P<0.05]. Conclusion:The best timing for sequential LC after PTGBD in acute cholecystitis was shown in this study to be 5 to 8 weeks after PTGBD.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the day-surgery unit-based training of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).Methods:Perioperative data of 438 patients (187 males and 251 females) with a median age of 54 (aged 17 to 91) years undergoing LC during January 2019 to April 2021 in the day-surgery unit of Chinese PLA General Hospital were retrospectively collected and subdivided according to the training methods of surgeons [Group A( n=260): conventional training vs. Group B ( n=178): protocoled stepwise training]. The protocoled stepwise training consists of the rotation in open biliary surgery unit, the stimulator-based laparoscopic training, and the stepwise procedural tutoring. The conventional training features the traditional surgical practice following senior surgeons. The technical data involving operation time, blood loss, the percentages of intraoperative decision-making by senior surgeons and the handing-over of procedure to senior surgeons, etc. were statistically analyzed. Results:The operation time was shortened in Group B [(55±30) min vs. (61±33) min], with significantly decreased percentages of intraoperative decision-making by senior surgeons [7.9% (14/178)vs. 16.9%(44/260), P<0.05] and the handing-over of procedure to senior surgeons [3.4%(6/178) vs. 11.2%(29/260), P<0.05]. Conclusion:Based on the protocoled stepwise training and the consecutive, high-volumed and standardized procedures, the laparoscopic technical proficiency and competency of the trainee surgeons have been improved.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in the treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis complicated by abnormal liver function. Methods:A total of 106 patients with acute calculous cholecystitis complicated by abnormal liver function who received LC in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, China between February 2018 and February 2020 were included in this study. They were assigned to receive laparoscopic cholecystectomy either within 72 hours after disease onset (early group, n = 51) or 72 hours after disease onset (delayed group, n = 51). Perioperative indexes, complications, immune function and liver function were compared between the two groups. Results:Intraoperative blood loss in the early group was less than that in the delayed group [(63.11 ± 8.18) mL vs. (92.39 ± 7.23) mL, t = 19.558, P < 0.001]. Operative time, time to anal exhaust and length of hospital stay in the early group were (49.53 ± 6.33) minutes, (23.24 ± 4.65) hours and (6.38 ± 1.23) days in the early group were significantly shorter than those in the delayed group [(63.24 ± 5.42) minutes, (32.88 ± 5.78) hours, (8.34 ± 1.54) days, t = 12.004, 9.415, 7.204, all P < 0.001]. There was no significant difference in the rate of conversion to open cholecystectomy during LC between the two groups ( χ2 = 0.877, P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between early and delayed groups [11.76% (6/51) vs. 7.27% (4/55), χ2 = 0.625, P > 0.05]. On day 3 after surgery, the proportion of CD 3+ cells and the ratio of CD 4+/CD 8+ cells in the early group were (37.81 ± 4.29) % and (1.32 ± 0.29), respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the delayed group [(32.56 ± 5.26) %, 1.21 ± 0.23, t = 5.605, 6.379, both P < 0.001]. Total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase levels in the early group were (21.05 ± 5.16) μmol/L, (71.58 ± 9.36) U/L and (175.73 ± 19.64) U/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the delayed group [(27.81 ± 5.14) μmol/L, (82.54 ± 12.35) U/L, (214.62 ± 20.58) U/L, t = 6.921, 7.893, 9.865, all P < 0.001]. On day 5 after surgery, total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase levels in the early group were (14.63 ± 4.58) μmol/L, (42.13 ± 8.24) U/L, (137.72 ± 17.62) U/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the delayed group [(18.67 ± 6.45) μmol/L, (59.64 ± 11.29) U/L, (162.76 ± 18.39) U/L, t = 3.692, 8.265, 7.462, all P < 0.001]. Conclusion:Early LC for treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis complicated by abnormal liver function can effectively promote the recovery of liver function, mitigate immune injury, improve perioperative indicators, and dose not increase the incidence of complications.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908647

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between pneumoperitoneum pressure, level of blood uric acid (UA) and postoperative cognitive function in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).Methods:One hundred and one patients from December 2018 to December 2019 in Wuhu First People′s Hospital of Anhui Province were selected. According to average value of intraoperative pneumoperitoneum pressure, the patients were divided into low pressure group (intraoperative pneumoperitoneum pressure<11.2 mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa; 50 cases) and standard pressure group (intraoperative pneumoperitoneum pressure ≥ 11.2 mmHg, 51 cases). According to preoperative average level of preoperative blood UA, the patients were divided into low-level UA group (UA<324.1 mmol/L, 50 cases) and high-level UA group (UA≥324.1 mmol/L, 51 cases). The cognitive function 24 h after surgery was assessed by mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scale and Loewenstein occupational therapy cognitive assessment (LOTCA) scale. The correlation between pneumoperitoneum pressure, level of blood UA and cognitive function was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis.Results:There were no statistical differences in recovery time of spontaneous breathing, recovery time and extubation time between standard pressure group and low pressure group ( P>0.05); the recovery time of orientation in low pressure group was significantly shorter than that in standard pressure group: (12.54 ± 2.41) min vs. (14.65 ± 2.88) min, the postoperative MMSE score and LOTCA score were significantly higher than those in standard pressure group: (25.12 ± 2.03) scores vs. (20.84 ± 2.42) scores and (96.24 ± 6.54) scores vs. (85.15 ± 5.12) scores, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). The postoperative MMSE score and LOTCA score in high-level UA group were significantly higher than those in low-level UA group: (24.76 ± 2.53) scores vs. (21.12 ± 2.06) scores and (94.86 ± 6.18) scores vs. (86.34 ± 5.27) scores, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). The Pearson correlation analysis result showed that pneumoperitoneum pressure was negative correlation with MMSE score and LOTCA score ( r = -0.544 and - 0.615, P<0.01); while UA level was positive correlation with MMSE score and LOTCA score ( r = 0.433 and 0.405, P<0.01). Conclusions:The carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum pressure and UA level are related to postoperative cognitive function in elderly LC patients. The postoperative cognitive function is relatively better in patients with lower intraoperative pneumoperitoneum pressure and higher preoperative UA level.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 671-675, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907502

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the "V" -shaped anatomical approach in the prevention of bile duct injury during laparoscopic complex cholecystectomy and its clinical application value.Methods:The patients with complex gallbladder from June 2020 to June 2021 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology were selected as the research objects, and they were randomly divided into observation group and control group, with 60 cases in each group. All patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The observation group underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy through the triangle "V" shape of the gallbladder, and the control group did not use the "V" shape anatomy. The operation status, complications and postoperative recovery of the two groups of patients were compared.The measurement data of normal distribution were expressed by ( Mean± SD), and t test was used for comparison between groups, and chi-square test was used for comparison between groups of count data. Results:The conversion rate to laparotomy, intraoperative bleeding and operation time of observation group were 3.33%, (97.31±13.27) mL, (65.27±13.82) min, which were significantly lower than those in the control group[8.33%, (111.27±25.18) mL, (81.35±12.12) min], the differences between the two groups were statistically significant( P<0.05). The incidence of biliary injury, total incidence of complications of the observation group were 0, 8.33%, which were significantly lower than those in the control group(6.67%, 28.33%), the differences between the two groups were statistically significant( P<0.05). The postoperative exhaust time, drainage tube retention time, hospitalization cost and hospitalization time of the observation group were (9.89±3.58) h, (32.58±5.17) h, (3 142.92±137.93) yuan, (4.73±1.42) d, and significantly lower than those in the control group [(11.65±2.45) h, (46.18±6.49) h, (3 424.29±156.34) yuan, (5.38±1.25) d], the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:For laparoscopic complex cholecystectomy, the use of the triangular "V" -shaped gallbladder anatomical approach is more conducive to the operation, can reduce the patient's operation time and intraoperative blood loss, reduce the rate of intraoperative conversion to laparotomy, and reduce biliary tract injury and bile leakage. Such as the incidence of complications, prompting patients to recover as soon as possible, it is worthy of clinical application and promotion.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 659-663, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) combined with common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) on pain stress and inflammatory factors in elderly patients with gallbladder stones and common bile duct stones.Methods:Eighty elderly patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis in Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from January 2020 to January 2021 were selected. According to the surgical method, they were divided into observation group of 40 cases and control group of 40 cases. Patients in the observation group were treated with LC combined with LCBDE, and patients in the control group were treated with traditional open surgery. The perioperative indicators and complications, changes in pain stress and inflammatory factors before and 3 days after operation, and the quality of life before operation, 1 month after operation and 6 months after operation were compared between the two groups. Normally distributed measurement data were represented by mean±standard deviation ( Mean± SD), and t test was used to compare between groups. The chi-square test was used to compare the count data between groups. Results:The operation time, time to get out of bed, postoperative exhaust time, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative complications in the observation group were (98.39±7.23) min, (1.56±0.37) d, (1.29±0.28) d, (38.94±5.64) mL, 5%, the control group were (107.53±9.98) min, (2.53±0.52) d, (2.16±0.34) d, (65.87±7.96) mL, 25%, the observation group were excellent in all indicators compared with the control group, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After operation 3rd day, the serum 5-hydroxytryptamine, substance P and norepinephrine in the two groups were higher than before operation ( P<0.05); after operation 3rd day, serum 5-hydroxytryptamine, substance P and norepinephrine the observation group were (0.70±0.12) pg/mL, (175.42±17.87) ng/mL and (378.52±26.57) ng/mL, the control group were (1.02±0.18) pg/mL, (248.98±18.98) ng/mL, and (460.92±35.42) ng/mL. The indexes of the observation group were smaller than those of the control group, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After operation 3rd day, the serum tumor necrosis factor-α, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in the two groups were higher than before operation ( P<0.05); after operation 3rd day, Serum tumor necrosis factor-α, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in the observation group were (108.76±10.86) pg/mL, (14.23±3.18) mg/L and (17.84±3.98) pg/mL, respectively, on the 3rd day after operation. The control group were (156.95±16.67) pg/mL, (26.52±4.59) mg/L and (28.53±5.67) pg/mL, the observation group indexes were all smaller than control group, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The quality of life scores of the two groups at 1 month and 6 months after the operation were higher than before operation ( P<0.05); The quality of life scores of patients in the observation group at 1 month and 6 months after surgery were higher than control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:LC combined with LCBDE treatment has little effect on pain stress and inflammatory factors in elderly patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis, and has fewer postoperative complications, and can improve the quality of life of patients.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 472-477,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907465

ABSTRACT

In the era of precision medicine, compared with open surgery, laparoscopic cholecystectomy has the advantages of less trauma, less postoperative complications and shorter hospital stay, but it cannot escape the risk of bile duct injury, and bile duct injury can occur at any time for various reasons, and its unpredictability greatly increases the difficulty of surgery. Although traditional cholangiography can avoid bile duct injury, it has not been widely used due to its limitations such as time consuming, high cost, high radiation and so on. Early indocyanine green has been widely used in lymph node examination, angiography, tumor localization and treatment due to its characteristics. Now, indocyane green fluorescence imaging technology has been gradually applied in LC, which can dynamically reflect the intraoperative situation and realize real-time surgical navigation, so it has achieved ideal effects in the identification of duct structure and prevention of bile duct injury. Indocyanine green injection preoperatively or intraoperatively through the gallbladder to develop extrahepatic bile ducts significantly improves the safety rate of surgery, but there is no unified standard for the use time and dosage of inddocyanine green. In this paper, the time and dose selection and clinical value of indocyanine green were reviewed based on the current research status and the author's experience.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 872-876, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875898

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical effect of laparoscopy, choledochoscopy, and duodenoscopy combined with T-tube-free drainage in the treatment of gallstones with common bile duct stones. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 564 patients with gallstones and common bile duct stones who were admitted to Department of General Surgery, Pudong New Area People’s Hospital, Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences, from December 2017 to December 2019. According to the surgical procedure, the patients were divided into laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct exploration (LTCBDE) group with 191 patients, three endoscopies+laparoscopic common bile duct exploration and primary suture (LBEPS) group with 138 patients, and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)+endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST)/endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD)+laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) group with 235 patients. The three groups were analyzed in terms of the general data including sex, age, bile duct diameter, and stone size/number, and surgical condition and complications were compared between groups. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. ResultsThere were significant differences between the LBEPS group, the ERCP+EST/EPBD+LC group and the LTCBDE group in hospital costs, drainage volume, time to first flatus, length of hospital stay and time to extraction of drainage tube (F=416.40, 7.80, 33.99, 143.70, and 13.08, P<0.001, P=0.020, P<0.001, P<0.001, and P<0.001). Compared with the LBEPS group and ERCP+EST/EPBD+LC groups, the LTCBDE group had significantly lower hospital costs and a significantly longer time to first flatus, and significantly shorter length of hospital stay and time to extraction of drainage tube(all P<0.05). No serious complication was observed after surgery, and there was no significant difference in the incidence rate of complications between the three groups (P>0.05). All patients were discharged successfully after surgery. ConclusionThe three minimally invasive surgical procedures combined with T-tube-free drainage achieve the goal of little trauma and pain, fast postoperative recovery, and few serious complications, among which LTCBDE has the lowest treatment costs and the best postoperative recovery.

12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 464-470, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143954

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction and objectives: The incidence of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) after video cholecystectomy is high. Progress in pharmacological PONV prophylaxis includes a new generation of 5-HT3 antagonists. This study aims to assess the effect of the 5-HT3 antagonist in postanesthetic antiemetic management of patients submitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy with total intravenous anesthesia. Methods: Sixty individuals who underwent video cholecystectomy were randomized into three groups of 20 individuals according to the treatment administered: 0.125 mg of palonosetron (Group 1); 4 mg of ondansetron associated with 4 mg of dexamethasone (Group 2); 4 mg of dexamethasone (Group 3). General intravenous anesthesia was performed with propofol, remifentanil and rocuronium. The group to which the participant belonged was concealed from the investigator who assessed drug effect. PONV was assessed using the Rhodes Scale at 12 and 24 hours after surgery. Rescue medication was 0.655 to 1.5 mg of droperidol. Results: Group 1 presented a lower incidence of PONV and required less rescue medication in the first postoperative hour. There was no significant difference among the three groups regarding PONV incidence in the first 12 postoperative hours. Groups 1 and 2 were superior to Group 3 regarding the control of PONV from 12 to 24 hours, and after rescue medication from 12 to 24 hours. Group 1 showed significantly superior nausea control in the first 12 postoperative hours. Conclusions: The present study showed evidence that palonosetron is superior to the drugs compared regarding a protracted antiemetic effect and less requirement of rescue drugs, mainly related to its ability to completely inhibit the uncomfortable symptom of nausea.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivo: Náuseas e Vômitos no Pós-Operatório (NVPO) têm alta incidência após videocolecistectomia. Avanços na profilaxia farmacológica de NVPO incluem a nova geração de antagonista 5-HT3. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do antagonista 5-HT3 no controle antiemético pós-anestésico em videocolecistectomia com anestesia venosa total. Método: Estudo realizado no HC-UFU (Hospital Terciário). Sessenta indivíduos submetidos a videocolecistectomia foram randomizados em três grupos de igual número, sendo administrados 0,125 mg de palonosetrona (Grupo 1); 4 mg de ondasetrona e 4 mg de dexametasona (Grupo 2); ou 4 mg de dexametasona (Grupo 3). A anestesia geral venosa foi realizada com propofol, remifentanil e rocurônio. O avaliador do efeito da droga desconhecia o grupo ao qual o indivíduo pertencia. NVPO foi avaliada aplicando a Escala de Rhodes após 12 e 24 horas do término da cirurgia. Para resgate terapêutico, foi estabelecido 0,655−1,5 mg de droperidol. Resultado: Observou-se no Grupo 1 menor incidência de NVPO e de resgate terapêutico na primeira hora de PO. Não foi observada diferença significativa entre os três grupos com relação a ocorrência de NVPO nas primeiras 12 horas de pós-operatório. Os grupos 1 e 2 foram superiores ao Grupo 3 no que se refere ao controle de NVPO de 12 a 24 horas e após o resgate de 12−24 horas. Observou-se que o controle de náuseas nas primeiras 12 horas de pós-operatório do Grupo 1 foi significantemente superior. Conclusão: O presente estudo mostrou evidências da superioridade da palonosetrona às demais drogas empregadas no que se refere ao efeito antiemético prolongado e menor necessidade de resgate, principalmente na capacidade de inibir completamente o desconfortável sintoma de náusea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Anesthetics, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/prevention & control , Antiemetics/administration & dosage , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Propofol/administration & dosage , Double-Blind Method , Ondansetron/administration & dosage , Rocuronium/administration & dosage , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Palonosetron/administration & dosage , Middle Aged
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870418

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the excretion probability,clinical characteristics of gallstones with small common bile duct stone.Methods The clinical data of 216 patients were analyzed retrospectively.The relevant clinical characteristics of small common bile duct stone's excretion were analyzed.x2 and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to analyze correlation between small common bile duct stone's excretion and relevant clinical characteristics,multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify these excretion related factors.Results Univariate analysis showed that patients of age less than 50 years,female sex,abdominal pain relieved and liver function recovered rapidly in 3 days of treatment,normal or slightly dilated diameter of common bile duct,single or multiple stones located in one place,stones completely located in the common bile duct or completely within the sphincter were more likely to be discharged.Multivariate analysis indicated that rapid relief of abdominal pain,rapid recovery of liver function,single or multiple stones located in one place were independently correlated with small common bile duct stone's excretion.Conclusion Small stones in common bile duct have a high probability of spontaneous removal in patients with gallstones and small common bile duct stone.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868773

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of one-stage laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) plus laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) with primary suture (PS) versus two-stage endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)/endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) followed by LC in treatment of cholecystolithiasis complicated with choledocholithiasis.Methods The clinical data of 171 patients with cholecystolithiasis complicated with choledocholithiasis,who underwent minimally invasive surgical treatment from January 2016 to December 2017,were retrospectively analyzed.Of these patients,90 underwent one-stage LC + LCBDE + PS (the one-stage group),and 81 underwent two-stage ERCP/EST followed by LC (the two-stage group).The main clinical variables between the two groups of patients were compared.Results The surgical success rates (94.4% vs.95.1%),residual stone rates (3.3% vs.4.9%) and incidences of postoperative complications (6.7% vs.8.6%) showed no significant difference (all P > 0.05) between the one-stage and two-stage groups.Compared with the two-stage group,the operative time was shorter (110.4 vs.135.7 min),the length of postoperative hospital stay was shorter (3.3 vs.7.1 d) and the total hospitalization cost was reduced (22 756.2 vs.31 429.3 yuan) in the one-stage group.The incidence of long-term complications (2.2% vs.9.9%) in the one-stage group was also lower than that in the two-stage group (both P < 0.05).Condusions Both one-stage LC + LCBDE + PS and two-stage ERCP/EST + LC are safe and effective in the treatment of cholecystolithiasis complicated with choledocholithiasis.One-stage LC + LCBDE + PS shows obvious advantages in hospitalization stay,hospitalization cost and in the preservation of function of the Oddi sphincter,and therefore should be the first choice in most cases.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799764

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the efficacy of laparoscopic choledochoscopic cholelithotripsy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the treatment of cholecystolithiasis.@*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted in 81 cases of cholecystolithiasis who admitted to the People's Hospital of Yuci District from March 2013 to March 2018.The patients were divided into control group (n=38, laparoscopic cholecystectomy) and study group (n=43, laparoscopic choledochoscope choledocholithotomy) according to the different surgical method.The perioperative indicators, liver function indicators, recurrence rate and complications were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#The operation time, hospital stay, recovery time of gastrointestinal function, recovery time of diet after operation and intraoperative bleeding volume in the study group were (43.59±4.59)min, (7.24±1.17)d, (15.51±2.09)d, (2.88±0.42)d, (15.07±1.32)mL, respectively, which were better than those in the control group [(55.23±5.47)min, (9.12±1.32)d, (26.48±3.48)d, (3.53±0.58)d, (24.65±1.48)mL] (t=10.411, 6.796, 17.426, 5.823, 6.864, all P=0.000). The levels of total bilirubin (TBIL), alanine transferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and total protein (TP) at 1 day after operation in the study group were (24.39±2.21)μmol/L, (29.09±4.68)U/L, (29.02±4.41)U/L, (21.95±2.52)g/L, respectively, which were lower than those in the control group [(28.43±2.31)μmol/L, (34.39±4.28)U/L, (35.31±3.08)U/L, (25.28±2.42)g/L] (t=8.038, 5.293, 7.348, 6.046, all P=0.000). TBIL, ALT, ALT, AST, AST, TP levels at 3 days after surgery in the study group were (20.32±2.24)μmol/L, (24.61±4.26)U/L, (23.68±4.79)U/L, (18.94±2.89)g/L, respectively, which were lower than those in the control group [(24.45±2.02)μmol/L, (29.81±3.32)U/L, (27.94±4.50)U/L, (21.41±2.87)g/L] (t=8.669, 6.609, 4.109, 3.851; all P=0.000). The recurrence rates of the control group and the study group were 5.26% (2/38) and 6.98% (3/43), respectively, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (χ2=0.102, P=0.749). The incidence of complications in the study group was 4.65% (2/43), which was lower than 21.05% (8/38) in the control group, the difference was statistically significant (χ2=5.015, P=0.025).@*Conclusion@#Compared with laparoscopic cholecystectomy, laparoscopic assisted choledochoscopic choledocholithotomy has better curative effect, it can reduce the damage to liver function, with low incidence of complications, and it has high clinical value.

16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1190-1192, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822014

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered the gold standard for the treatment of symptomatic cholecystolithiasis and has become one of the typical representatives of minimally invasive surgery. This article briefly introduces the contraindication and indication for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, commonly used surgical procedures, and possible complications and related treatment methods, emphasizes the improvement of surgical procedure and the development of new equipment for cholecystectomy, and points out the current status, problems, and development trend of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, in order to provide a reference for better application of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in clinical practice.

17.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202388, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136549

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o perfil clínico e epidemiológico de pacientes submetidos a colecistectomia por vídeo no Hospital da Cruz Vermelha do Paraná, unidade de Curitiba, operados no período de setembro de 2016 a setembro de 2018, assim como a influência de comorbidades, sexo e idade avançada no prognóstico pós-operatório, durante o mesmo internamento. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo analítico, com dados coletados por revisão de prontuários. Análises estatísticas realizadas, considerando nível de significância p < 0,05. Resultados: 389 casos foram incluídos, sendo 265 mulheres e 124 homens. A média de idade foi de 51,5 anos, 58,8% dos pacientes eram portadores de pelo menos uma comorbidade e 74,6% dos doentes tinham sobrepeso ou eram obesos. A incidência de complicações intraoperatórias foi de 1,3%, pós-operatórias de 3,8% e, a mortalidade, de 0,3%. Foram identificados fatores clínicos relacionados a pior prognóstico pós-operatório, como DM, HAS, presença de uma ou mais comorbidades e, destacadamente, idade avançada, que relacionou-se com maior tempo de internamento (p < 0,001), necessidade de UTI (p < 0,001), conversão para operação aberta (p = 0,003) e risco de complicações pós-operatórias (p < 0,001). Além disso, o sexo masculino foi preditivo para maior tempo de internamento (p = 0,003) e maior necessidade de UTI (p = 0,01). Conclusão: o perfil clínico-epidemiológico corresponde àquele exposto na literatura e a presença de comorbidades, o sexo masculino e a idade avançada são fatores preditivos de mau prognóstico na evolução pós-operatória de pacientes submetidos a colecistectomia videolaparoscópica.


ABSTRACT Objective: to assess clinical and epidemiological factors of patients undergoing video cholecystectomy at the Hospital da Cruz Vermelha do Paraná, Curitiba unit, operated from September 2016 to September 2018, as well as the influence of comorbidities, sex and advanced age on the postoperative prognosis, while in the hospital. Methods: Analytic retrospective study. The analyzed variables were obtained by the review of medical records. Statistical analyses were performed considering the significance level p < 0.05. Results: 389 patients, of whom 265 were women and 124 men, were included. The mean age was 51.5 years, 58.8% of the patients were diagnosed with at least one comorbidity, and 74.6% were overweight or obese. The incidence of intraoperative complications was 1.3%, postoperative 3.8% and, mortality, 0.3%. Some risk factors were identified as worse postoperative prognosis, such as Diabetes Mellitus, hypertension, presence of one or more comorbidities and mainly, advanced age, which was related to longer hospitalization times (p < 0,001), need of intensive therapy (p < 0,001), conversion to open surgery (p = 0,003) and postoperative complications (p < 0,001). Furthermore, the male sex was predictive of longer hospitalization times (p = 0,003) and need of intensive therapy (p = 0,01). Conclusion: the presence of comorbidities, male sex, and advanced age are predictive factors of bad prognosis for patients undergoing video laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Postoperative Complications , Brazil , Cholecystectomy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Video-Assisted Surgery , Hospitals, Teaching , Middle Aged
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(6): e202000607, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130654

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose Bile duct injury (BDI) is a catastrophic complication of cholecystectomy, and misidentification of the cystic anatomy is considered to be the main cause. Although several techniques have been developed to prevent BDI, such as the "critical view of safety", the infundibular technique, the rates remain higher during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) than during open surgery. We, here, propose a practical new strategy for ductal identification, that can help to prevent laparoscopic bile duct injury. Methods A retrospective study of 5539 patients who underwent LC from March 2007 to February 2019 at a single institution was conducted. The gallbladder infundibulum was classified by its position located on an imaginary clock with the gallbladder neck as the center point of the dial, 3-o'clock position as cranial, 6-o'clock as dorsal, 9-o'clock as caudal, and 12-o'clock as ventral, as well as the axial position. Patient demographics, pathologic variables and infundibulum classification were evaluated. Detailed analysis of ductal identification based on gallbladder infundibulum position was performed in this study. All infundibulum positions were recorded by intraoperative laparoscopic video or photographic images. Results All the patients successfully underwent LC during the study period. No conversion or serious complications such as biliary injury occurred. Gallbladders with infundibulum of 3-o'clock position, 6-o'clock position, 9-o'clock position, 12-o'clock position, axial position were 12.3%, 23.4%, 28.0%, 4.2%, and 32.1%, respectively. The 3-o'clock and 12-o'clock position were pitfalls that might cause biliary injury. Conclusion The gallbladder infundibulum as a navigator is useful for ductal identification to reduce BDI and improve the safety of LC.

19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 277-281, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804944

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the feasibility of laparoscopic treatment for incidental gallbladder cancer(IGBCA) and analyze the factors influencing prognosis.@*Methods@#A retrospective study of 71 patients with IGBCA received laparoscopic treatment at Department of General Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital from January 2007 to December 2016 was conducted,the clinicopathological data and prognosis were analyzed. There were 18 males and 53 females,aged 23 to 81 years. They were divided into two groups based on the presence of intraluminal mass in the gallbladder. Sixty-five of the 71 patients received laparoscopic radical resection, the prognosis of them were compared with 14 patients with open radical resection.@*Results@#Among the 71 patients,65 patients received radical resection,3 patients simple gallbaldder resection and 3 patients palliative resection. Postoperative complications occurred in 6 patients. IGBCA were detected by frozen section in 57 patients,with the accuracy of 96.5%,while the accuracy of T stage is 43.8% in the 48 patients received T stage evaluation during frozen section examination. The T stages based on final pathology were Tis(n=6),T1a(n=5),T1b(n=10),T2(n=46),and T3(n=4).The number of harvested lymph node was 4.7±2.9(range:2-12).There are 14 patients with lymph node metastasis. The 50 patients with intraluminal gallbladder mass include 21 patients with ≤T1b stage and 29 patients with ≥T2 stage, while the 21 patients without intraluminal gallbladder mass are all with ≥T2 stage. The median survival time of the 71 patients was 33 months, with the 5-year cumulative survival rate 67.3%. The 5-year cumulative survival rate is 78.5% for the 65 patients who received radical resection,comparable with those who received open radical resection(P=0.485).Univariate analysis demonstrated that T stage, lymph node metastasis, G grade, lymphovascular invasion, neural invasion, acute cholecystectomy, bile spillage, gallbladder mass and preoperative CA19-9/CEA were the most important prognostic factors(P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Laparoscopic treatment for IGBCA is feasible, especially for those with intraluminal gallbladder mass. The accuracy of frozen section examination in evaluating T stage is low.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803472

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effection of 10% glucose on laparoscopic cholecystectomy.@*Methods@#Including 82 cases in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy from June 2018 to November 2018 in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University. They were divided into the experimental group(40 cases) and the control group (42 cases) according to admission time. The control group used conventional nursing measures, fast day after 0:00. The experimental group took orally 400 ml 10% glucose solution on the night before surgery, 10% glucose 100 ml at 6:00 on the day. And then the perioperative safety, comfort and hospital satisfaction were observed.@*Results@#No postoperative nausea and vomiting and complications occurred in the two groups. The perioperative satisfaction score of the experimental group was greater than the control group, which was 94.00±3.08 and 80.00±11.54 points, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (t=3.45, P<0.01). The VAS scores of thirst, hunger, fatigue and anxiety in the experimental group were 2.97±3.55, 1.50±0.57, 2.50±1.00, 2.25±0.96, respectively, which were lower than those in the control group (3.55±2.98, 2.25±0.50, 5.50±0.57, 5.25±1.89), and the differences were statistically significant (t= 2.83-5.19, P<0.01 or 0.05). The VAS scores of thirst, hunger and fatigue in the experimental group were 3.60±1.00, 3.50±0.56, 2.75±1.50, respectively, 4 h after surgery, which were lower than those in the control group (7.00±0.58, 4.75 ±1.25, 5.75±0.50), with statistically significant differences (t=5.00, 3.69, 3.79, P<0.05). Compared with preoperative situation, the thirst and hunger degree of the two group both increased after surgery, while the anxiety degree of the control group decreased, and the difference was statistically significant (t=-9.91-5.20, P<0.05 or 0.01).@*Conclusions@#Oral administration of 10% glucose solution before laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and effective, which can improve perioperative comfort and hospitalization satisfaction of patients.

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