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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0174, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394823

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The knee joint is one of the sites of greatest mechanical stress in the lower limbs. The overload generated by impacts, blows from falls, and torsions in collisions can generate disabling tissue damage that is difficult to recover from. Although lacking clinical diagnosis, some studies have pointed out that implementing functional training in rehabilitation can reduce the period of disability and the harmful effects of immobilization. Objective: Study the clinical diagnosis and the optimization of training for knee sports injuries. Methods: This experiment uses the intra-group comparison method. The method used in the experiment is a rehabilitation training protocol for the knee joint, focusing on quadriceps muscle strength and balance. The training cycle is six times per week for one month. Results: The optimization in exercise training evidenced a good improvement in functional ability and pain condition, reflected in the athletes' balance ability. After training optimization, 9 out of 12 athletes recovered completely, and three improved significantly. Conclusion: Trainers should follow the physical rehabilitation orders and match them with the athletes' actual situation, sport types, etc., designing the appropriate sports mode for the athletes to promote training optimization and reduce sports joint injuries. Level of Evidence II; Therapeutic Studies - Outcome Investigation.


RESUMO Introdução: A articulação do joelho é um dos locais com maior estresse mecânico nos membros inferiores. A sobrecarga gerada por impactos, os golpes por quedas e torções em colisão podem gerar danos teciduais incapacitantes e de difícil recuperação. Embora careça de diagnósticos clínicos, alguns estudos têm apontado que a implementação do treinamento funcional na reabilitação pode reduzir o período de incapacitação e os efeitos deletérios da imobilização. Objetivo: Estudar o diagnóstico clínico e a otimização no treinamento para lesões esportiva do joelho. Métodos: Este experimento utiliza o método de comparação intragrupo. O método utilizado no experimento é o protocolo de um treinamento de reabilitação direcionado a articulação do joelho, com foco na força e equilíbrio muscular do quadríceps. O ciclo de treinamento é de 6 vezes por semana, durante 1 mês. Resultados: A otimização no treinamento do exercício evidenciou uma boa melhora na capacidade de funcional e condição de dor, refletindo na melhoria da capacidade de equilíbrio dos atletas. Após a otimização do treinamento, 9 dos 12 atletas se recuperaram completamente, e 3 atletas melhoraram significativamente. Conclusão: Os treinadores devem acatar as ordens de reabilitação física e combiná-las com a situação real dos atletas, tipos esportivos, entre outros fatores, projetando o modo esportivo adequado aos atletas, visando promover a otimização do treinamento e reduzir as lesões esportivas nas articulações. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La articulación de la rodilla es uno de los lugares de mayor tensión mecánica en los miembros inferiores. La sobrecarga generada por los impactos, los golpes de las caídas y las torsiones en colisión pueden generar daños tisulares incapacitantes y de difícil recuperación. Aunque carecen de diagnóstico clínico, algunos estudios han señalado que la aplicación del entrenamiento funcional en la rehabilitación puede reducir el periodo de discapacidad y los efectos nocivos de la inmovilización. Objetivo: Estudiar el diagnóstico clínico y la optimización del entrenamiento de las lesiones deportivas de la rodilla. Métodos: Este experimento utiliza el método de comparación intragrupo. El método utilizado en el experimento es el protocolo de un entrenamiento de rehabilitación dirigido a la articulación de la rodilla, centrado en la fuerza muscular del cuádriceps y el equilibrio. El ciclo de entrenamiento es de 6 veces por semana durante 1 mes. Resultados: La optimización en el entrenamiento de ejercicios evidenció una mejora en la capacidad funcional y en el estado del dolor, lo que se refleja en la mejora de la capacidad de equilibrio de los atletas. Tras la optimización del entrenamiento, 9 de los 12 atletas se recuperaron por completo, y 3 atletas mejoraron significativamente. Conclusión: Los entrenadores deben seguir las órdenes de rehabilitación física y combinarlas con la situación real de los atletas, los tipos de deporte, etc., diseñando el modo de deporte adecuado para los atletas, con el objetivo de promover la optimización del entrenamiento y reducir las lesiones articulares deportivas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de resultados.

2.
Bol. venez. infectol ; 33(1): 30-39, ene-jun 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381961

ABSTRACT

Las micosis profundas sistémicas (MPS) en los pacientes con Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida (Sida) pueden manifestarse de forma severa y fatal, y se requiere de una alta precisión diagnóstica, para mejorar su sobrevida y pronóstico. Objetivo: Describir y analizar la relación entre el diagnóstico clínico de las MPS con los resultados de biopsias y de los estudios micológicos en los pacientes con Sida del Servicio de Infectología del Hospital Universitario de Caracas, entre 2010 al 2015. Métodos: Se diseñó un estudio de casos, analítico, retrospectivo, descriptivo, no experimental. Se revisaron 195 historias clínicas y los resultados de biopsias, cultivos, inmunofluorescencia directa (IFD), criptolátex (CL)/Tinta china (TC). El análisis estadístico se realizó con medidas de tendencia central. Resultados: La edad media fue de 36,2 años; 65,2 % tenían menos de 5 años de diagnóstico de la infección por el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH); 68,2 % no tenían tratamiento antirretroviral de gran actividad (TARGA); los niveles de linfocitos TCD4 (LTCD4) estaban por debajo de 200 células (cels)/mm3 (49,2 %) y sus cargas virales mayores de 50 000 copias/mL (33,3 %). Las formas de presentación clínica más frecuentes fueron respiratorio febril con hepatomegalia (64,6 %), los diagnósticos clínicos predominantes fueron neumocistosis (34,9 %), neumocistosis/histoplasmosis (30,8 %) e histoplasmosis (16,4 %), no pudo establecerse la relación entre los diagnósticos clínicos y los resultados de cultivos/PCR ­ IFD, CL/TC y de biopsias por no disponer de resultados. Conclusión: El diagnóstico clínico más frecuente fue neumocistosis y las comparaciones no se pudieron realizarse por fallas en los reportes de paraclínicos imprescindibles.


Systemic deep mycoses (PSM) in patients with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) can manifest severely and fatally, and high diagnostic accuracy is required to improve survival and prognosis. Objective: To describe and analyze the relationship between the clinical diagnosis of MPS with the results of biopsies and mycological studies in AIDS patients of the Infectology Service of the University Hospital of Caracas, between 2010 and 2015. Methods: A study was designed of cases, analytical, retrospective, descriptive, non-experimental. 195 medical records and the results of biopsies, cultures, direct immunofluorescence (DIF), cryptolatex (CL)/Indian ink (CT) were reviewed. Statistical analysis was performed with measures of central tendency. Results: The mean age was 36.2 years; 65.2 % had been diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection less than 5 years ago; 68.2 % had not received highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART); the levels of TCD4 lymphocytes (LTCD4) were below 200 cells (cels)/mm3 (49.2 %) and their viral loads were greater than 50 000 copies/mL (33.3 %). The most frequent forms of clinical presentation were febrile respiratory with hepatomegaly (64.6 %), the predominant clinical diagnoses were pneumocystosis (34.9 %), pneumocystosis/histoplasmosis (30.8 %) and histoplasmosis (16.4 %), The relationship between the clinical diagnoses and the results of cultures/PCR ­ IFD, LC/CT and biopsies could not be established due to the lack of results. Conclusions: The most frequent clinical diagnosis was pneumocystosis and the comparisons could not be made due to failures in the essential paraclinical reports.

3.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(5,supl.1): 324-327, May 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393933

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The diagnosis of functional neurological disorders is a major challenge in neurologist practice. Some clinical strategies can facilitate the recognition of functional disorders, but several pitfalls make their diagnosis difficult. Here we highlight the following points of attention during evaluation of patients with functional disorder: not all bizarre behavior is functional; not every event triggered by an emotional factor is a functional disorder; not every topographic incongruity is a functional disorder; patients may present functional and organic symptoms at the same time; psychiatric comorbid condition is not always evident in the history of a functional disorder; problematic communication at the time of diagnosis can compromise treatment and prognosis. In conclusion, we emphasize that special attention to these possible pitfalls facilitate the correct diagnosis and management of functional neurological disorders.


RESUMO O diagnóstico dos transtornos neurológicos funcionais é um grande desafio na prática do neurologista. Algumas estratégias clínicas podem facilitar o reconhecimento de transtornos funcionais, porém várias armadilhas dificultam o seu diagnóstico. Destacamos aqui os seguintes pontos de atenção durante a avaliação de pacientes com transtorno funcional: nem todo comportamento bizarro é funcional; nem todo evento desencadeado por um fator emocional é um transtorno funcional; nem toda incongruência topográfica é um transtorno funcional; pacientes podem apresentar ao mesmo tempo sintomas funcionais e orgânicos; condição psiquiátrica comórbida nem sempre é evidente na história de um transtorno funcional; comunicação problemática no momento do diagnóstico pode comprometer o tratamento e prognóstico. Em conclusão, enfatizamos que atenção especial a essas possíveis armadilhas, facilitam o diagnóstico e manejo corretos dos transtornos neurológicos funcionais.

4.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.1): 130-143, mayo 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394001

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción. El síndrome de Usher es una alteración genética caracterizada por la asociación de retinitis pigmentaria y sordera. Sin embargo, hay casos con familias en las cuales, a pesar de presentarse dicha asociación, no se puede diagnosticar un síndrome de Usher ni ninguno otro. Objetivo. Reevaluar fenotípicamente a 103 familias con diagnóstico previo de posible síndrome de Usher o retinitis pigmentaria asociada con sordera. Materiales y métodos. Se revisaron las historias clínicas de 103 familias con un posible diagnóstico clínico de síndrome de Usher o retinitis pigmentaria asociada con sordera. Se seleccionaron las familias cuyo diagnóstico clínico no correspondía a un síndrome de Usher típico. Los afectados fueron valorados oftalmológica y audiológicamente. Se analizaron variables demográficas y clínicas. Resultados. Se reevaluaron 14 familias cuyo diagnóstico clínico no correspondía al de síndrome de Usher. De las familias con diagnóstico inicial de síndrome de Usher típico, el 13,6 % recibieron uno posterior de "retinitis pigmentaria asociada con sordera" de "otro síntoma ocular asociado con hipoacusia',' o en forma aislada en una misma familia, de "retinitis pigmentaria" o "hipoacusia'.' Conclusiones. Es fundamental el estudio familiar en los casos en que la clínica no concuerda con el diagnóstico de síndrome de Usher típico. En los pacientes con retinitis pigmentaria asociada con sordera, el diagnóstico clínico acertado permite enfocar los análisis moleculares y, así, establecer un diagnóstico diferencial. Es necesario elaborar guías de nomenclatura en los casos con estos hallazgos atípicos para orientar a médicos e investigadores en cuanto a su correcto manejo.


Abstract: Introduction: There are several syndromes that associate retinitis pigmentosa with deafness or hearing loss. The most frequent is Usher syndrome, a genetic disorder of autosomal recessive inheritance, which, in some cases, is accompanied by vestibular dysfunction. However, there are cases of families that despite having retinitis pigmentosa associated with deafness, cannot be classified as Usher or other syndromes due to additional findings. Objective: To reassess the phenotypes of 103 families previously diagnosed as possible Usher syndrome and/or retinitis pigmentosa associated with deafness. Materials and methods: We conducted a descriptive and retrospective study by reviewing the medical records of 103 families with a probable clinical diagnosis of Usher syndrome and/or retinitis pigmentosa associated with deafness. Families whose clinical diagnosis did not correspond to the typical Usher syndrome were selected and evaluated ophthalmologically and audiologically. Demographic and clinical variables were analyzed. Results: We selected and then reevaluated 14 families and 55 individuals as they did not correspond to a clinical diagnosis of Usher syndrome; 13.6% of the families initially considered to have typical Usher syndrome were later diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa associated with deafness, another ocular symptom associated with hearing loss, retinitis pigmentosa, or isolated hearing loss in the same family. Conclusions: Family studies are essential in cases where the symptoms do not match the typical Usher' syndrome. In the cases of retinitis pigmentosa associated with deafness, a correct clinical diagnosis allows for focusing on the molecular analyses to establish a differential diagnosis. The need for nomenclature guidelines on these atypical findings is relevant to aid physicians and researchers in the best approach to these cases.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927386

ABSTRACT

Based on the difference between disease and syndrome differentiation of acupuncture and moxibustion and each department of TCM, i.e. internal medicine, external medicine, gynecology and pediatrics, it is believed that "differentiation of disease location" is the key of disease and syndrome differentiation of acupuncture and moxibustion. According to the disease location, in the section "treatment" of Science of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, the disorders/illness are classified as zangfu disorder, disorders of limbs and meridians, dermatological disorder, ophthalmological and otorhinolaryngological disorder, gynecological disorder, as well as qi, blood and body fluid disorder. Besides, the rules of disease and syndrome differentiation, as well as treatment characteristics of each category are explained separately. It is considered that the clinical diagnosis and treatment system of acupuncture and moxibustion should be constructed by focusing on "differentiation of disease location".


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Child , Humans , Meridians , Moxibustion , Syndrome
6.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(3)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386551

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la concordancia existente entre el diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico de las lesiones en la mucosa oral en la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR). Es un estudio retrospectivo de 261 informes de lesiones orales recuperados del archivo de biopsias de la Facultad de Odontología de la UCR de 2008 a 2015, fueron analizados 165 reportes que cumplian con los criterios de inclusión. La concordancia entre el diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico fue verificada mediante el test Kappa. Del total de los informes, 96 (36.8%) no contaban con alguna hipótesis diagnóstica. La concordancia con la primera hipótesis diagnóstica se presentó en 114 (69.1%) casos, el valor de kappa fue de 0.663 (concordancia sustancial). Las lesiones premalignas presentaron una concordancia excelente (kappa=0.902). La concordancia del grupo de lesiones proliferativas no neoplásicas fue moderada (kappa=0.504) y las condiciones dermatológicas y autoinmunes con una concordancia insignificante (0.157). La concordancia se produjo en la mayoría de los pacientes investigados con un valor correspondiente a un acuerdo sustancial, sin embargo, se debe mejorar el porcentaje de informes que no contaban con hipótesis clínica.


ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to determine the existing concordance between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis of lesions in the oral mucosa at the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Costa Rica (UCR). A retrospective study of 261 reports of oral lesions recovered from the biopsy archive of the UCR Faculty of Dentistry from 2008 to 2015. Of the total reports 165 were included in the analysis, 96 (36.8%) did not have any diagnostic hypotheses. The concordance between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis was verified by the Kappa test. Concordance with the first diagnostic hypothesis was presented in 114 (69.1%) cases, the value of kappa was 0.663 (substantial agreement) and 36.8% without clinical diagnosis only a description of the lesion. The premalignant lesions presented an excellent concordance (kappa=0.902). The concordance of the group of non-neoplastic proliferative lesions was moderate (kappa=0.504) and the dermatological and autoimmune conditions with negligible concordance (0.157). Concordance occurred in the majority of the patients investigated with a value corresponding to a substantial agreement, however, the percentage of reports that did not have a clinical hypothesis should be improved.

7.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(3): e1805, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347522

ABSTRACT

importancia del razonamiento diagnóstico, como competencia profesional, justifica que la discusión de la actividad evaluativa se incluya en la llamada Evaluación de Graduación de las residencias médicas. En este artículo se proponen algunos indicadores a utilizar por los profesores durante las actividades de discusión diagnóstica evaluativas; indicadores que emanan de la descomposición de la actividad en sus pasos o acciones. El empleo de estos indicadores y de algunas sugerencias realizadas puede contribuir a hacer más uniforme la evaluación y calificación de los ejercicios de discusión diagnóstica en el marco de la Evaluación de Graduación, o de los exámenes de promoción o pase de año(AU)


The importance of diagnostic reasoning, as professional competence, justifies the discussion of the evaluative activity in the so-called Graduation Assessment of medical residencies. This article proposes some indicators to be used by the professors during the diagnostic discussion evaluative activities. These indicators derive from the breakdown of the activity in steps or actions. The use of these indicators and some suggestions can contribute to making the evaluation and qualification of the diagnostic discussion exercises more uniform in the framework of the graduation assessment, or of the promotion or year exams(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Diagnosis , Education, Medical, Graduate , Educational Measurement/methods , Clinical Reasoning , Medical Staff, Hospital
8.
Medisur ; 19(3): 438-447, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287326

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento La concordancia y discrepancia de las causas de muerte entre el diagnóstico clínico y el morfológico son, de forma indirecta, indicadores de calidad en la atención hospitalaria, y han tenido un papel fundamental en la educación médica. Objetivo describir el comportamiento de la concordancia clínico-patológica en una serie de fallecidos en edades pediátricas. Métodos se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, en el Hospital Pediátrico de Cienfuegos, en el periodo comprendido del 1ro. de enero de 2000 hasta el 31 diciembre de 2015, que incluyó 214 fallecidos con necropsias. Del total que fue objeto de análisis, se clasificaron por el método de Goldman 36 fallecidos a partir de 2013. Resultados las enfermedades infecciosas predominaron en todos los grupos de edades, y fueron las neumonías y la sepsis, las más frecuentes. El síndrome de disfunción múltiple de órganos fue la afección más descrita como causa directa de muerte, vinculado no solo a enfermedades infecciosas, pues también se manifestó como evento final. Se obtuvo una baja frecuencia de discrepancia diagnóstica clínico-patológica, tanto para las causas básicas de muerte como para las directas, con 13,6 % y 18,2 %, respectivamente. Según la clasificación de Goldman, en el 69,4 % de los fallecidos no hubo discrepancias entre ambos diagnósticos. Conclusión existió una correlación clínico-patológica aceptable durante el periodo de estudio. Esta variable resulta útil como patrón para la evaluación de la calidad de la asistencia médica.


ABSTRACT Background Causes of death concordance and discrepancy between the clinical and the morphological diagnoses are, indirectly, indicators of quality in hospital care, and have played a fundamental role in medical education. Objective to describe the behavior of the clinical-pathological concordance in a series of pediatric deaths. Methods an observational, descriptive study was carried out in the Cienfuegos Pediatric Hospital, from January the 1st 2000 to December the 31st, 2015, which included 214 deaths with autopsies. Of the total that was analyzed, 36 deceased from 2013 were classified by the Goldman method. Results infectious diseases predominated in all age groups, pneumonia and sepsis were the most frequent. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome was the condition most described as a direct cause of death, linked not only to infectious diseases, as it also manifested as a final event. A low frequency of clinicopathological diagnostic discrepancy was obtained, both for the basic causes of death and for the direct ones, with the 13.6% and the 18.2%, respectively. According to the Goldman classification, the 69.4% of the deceased did not present discrepancies. Conclusion there was an acceptable clinicopathological correlation during the study period. This variable is useful as a standard for evaluating the medical care quality.

9.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 32(1): e217, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289382

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El diagnóstico clínico del hipercortisolismo endógeno puede ser complejo si las manifestaciones clínicas no son patognomónicas. Es importante conocer cuáles son las distintivas en nuestros pacientes, que permitan diagnosticar la enfermedad de forma precoz. Objetivo: Determinar sensibilidad, especificidad y valor predictivo positivo de las manifestaciones clínicas para diagnosticar el hipercortisolismo endógeno. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal. Grupo I: 65 pacientes con hipercortisolismo endógeno y grupo II (comparación): 75 con sospecha clínica de hipercortisolismo endógeno a los que se les descartó la enfermedad. Se estudiaron pacientes con diagnóstico de hipercortisolismo endógeno (2004-2017), atendidos en el Instituto de Endocrinología. Se determinaron los valores de sensibilidad, especificidad y valor predictivo positivo para el diagnóstico de hipercortisolismo endógeno de cada síntoma y signo por separado, así como para las combinaciones de tres manifestaciones clínicas; además se realizó una regresión logística binaria para identificar las combinaciones de sintomatologías que mejor predicen la presencia de hipercortisolismo endógeno. Se consideró diferencia estadística significativa con p ≤ 0,05. Resultados: La mayoría de los síntomas presentó una sensibilidad inferior al 45 por ciento. La circunferencia de la cintura fue el único signo que mostró alta sensibilidad (76,9 por ciento), baja especificidad (28,6 por ciento) con valor predictivo positivo de 42,0 por ciento. Cuando se presentan dos o tres de estos signos: rubicundez, cara de "luna llena" e hirsutismo la posibilidad de tener hipercortisolismo endógeno es 75,4 por ciento, con valor predictivo positivo de 71 por ciento y, cuando no están presentes la probabilidad de no tenerlo es de 77,5 por ciento. Conclusiones: La combinación de sensibilidad, especificidad y valor predictivo positivo de los síntomas y signos de forma aislada no predice el diagnóstico de la enfermedad; sin embargo, la presencia de dos o tres de los síntomas y/o signos tiene una elevada sensibilidad y valor predictivo positivo para el diagnóstico del hipercortisolismo endógeno. Las combinaciones que mejor predicen la posibilidad de tener un hipercortisolismo endógeno son: piel fina, edema y acné; cara de "luna llena", hirsutismo y rubicundez, así como "giba de búfalo", hematomas y estrías(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The clinical diagnosis of endogenous hypercortisolism can be complex if clinical manifestations are not pathognomonic. It is important to know what are distinctive in our patients, which allows to diagnose the disease early. Objective: To determine the sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of clinical manifestations for diagnosis. of endogenous hypercortisolism. Methods: Descriptive and cross-sectional study. Group I was made up of 65 patients with endogenous hypercortisolism; group II (comparison) was made up of 75 patients with clinical suspicion of endogenous hypercortisolism, finally ruled out. We studied patients diagnosed of endogenous hypercortisolism from 2004 to 2017, treated at the Endocrinology Institute. Sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive values were determined for the diagnosis of endogenous hypercortisolism for each symptom and sign separately, as well as for the combinations of three clinical manifestations; in addition, binary logistic regression was performed to identify the combinations of symptoms that best predict the presence of endogenous hypercortisolism. A statistically significant difference was considered with p ≤ 0.05. Results: Most of the symptoms presented a sensitivity lower than 45 percent. Waist circumference was the only sign that showed high sensitivity (76.9 percent), low specificity (28.6 percent), and positive predictive value of 42.0 percent. When two or three of these signs (redness, "full-moon" face, and hirsutism) are present, the possibility of having endogenous hypercortisolism is 75.4 percent, with positive predictive value of 71 percent; and, when they are not present, the probability of not having it is 77,5 percent. Conclusions: The combination of sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of the symptoms and signs in isolation does not predict the diagnosis of the disease; however, the presence of two or three of the symptoms and/or signs has a high sensitivity and positive predictive value for the diagnosis of endogenous hypercortisolism. The combinations that best predict the possibility of having an endogenous hypercortisolism are thin skin, edema and acne; "full-moon" face, hirsutism and redness; as well as "buffalo hump," bruises and stretch marks(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Diagnosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Sensitivity and Specificity , Cushing Syndrome/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waist Circumference
10.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385735

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Gorlin-Goltz Syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by a series of clinical changes, including the presence of multiple odontogenic keratocysts and nevus basal cell carcinomas. As these lesions involve the maxillofacial region and can evolve to severe sequelae, it is essential that the dental surgeon recognize this pathology, in order to promote a correct investigation and early multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment. The treatment for the cysts varies according to the lesion's characteristics and location, and therefore, the request for complementary exams is essential. According to literature, the approach varies from conservative to more invasive, and several supporting therapies are mentioned. Thus, this article aims to report a case of a young patient diagnosed with Gorlin-Goltz Syndrome by a dental surgeon, who treated conservatively and interdisciplinarly, and obtained a satisfactory result. In addition, it makes a bibliographic review on this genetic condition, elucidating its therapeutic forms.


RESUMEN: El síndrome de Gorlin-Goltz es un trastorno genético caracterizado por una serie de cambios clínicos, que incluyen la presencia de múltiples queratoquistes odontogénicos y nevus carcinomas basocelulares. Como estas lesiones involucran la región maxilofacial y pueden evolucionar a secuelas severas, es esencial que el cirujano oral conozca esta patología para realizar una investigación correcta y un diagnóstico y tratamiento multidisciplinario temprano. El plan de tratamiento para los quistes varía de acuerdo con las características y la ubicación de la lesión y, por lo tanto, la solicitud de exámenes complementarios es esencial. Según la literatura, el enfoque varía de conservador a más invasivo, y se mencionan varias terapias de apoyo. Por lo tanto, este artículo tiene como objetivo informar un caso de un paciente joven diagnosticado con el síndrome de Gorlin-Goltz por un cirujano dentista, que trató de forma conservadora e interdisciplinaria, y obtuvo un resultado satis- factorio. Además, realiza una revisión bibliográfica sobre esta condición genética, aclarando sus formas terapéuticas.

11.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-13, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151580

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Evaluate the agreement between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis of oral lesions in patients submitted to biopsies. Identify the most frequent oral lesions and their correlation with age, gender, and anatomical location. Methods: A retrospective study of 368 pathological examinations collected between 2008 and 2018, corresponding to biopsies performed at the Clínica Universitária Egas Moniz. A detailed analysis of the histopathological reports attached to the patients' files was made and the variables gender, age, anatomical site, clinical diagnosis, and histopathological diagnosis was evaluated. Results: The most affected gender was female (55%); the most common age group was 61-70 years old; The most biopsied anatomical location was the gum (23.9%); the five most common pathological entities were fibroma(26.4%),root cyst(8.7%),oral lichen planus(7.6%), hemangioma (6.3%) and oral leukoplakia (6.0%). On agreement, 74.5% of the cases were concordant and 25.5% discordant. The most concordant lesions were Radicular Cyst (90.6%), Traumatic Injury (87.5%), Hemangioma (82.6%), Fibroma (82.5%) and Mucocele (82.5%). Conclusion: this study proves a significant level of agreement between clinical and histopathological diagnosis in this particular area, consistently obtained in a ten years period of time.


Objetivos: Evaluar el nivel de acuerdo entre el diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico de lesiones orales en pacientes sometidos a biopsias. Identificar las lesiones orales más frecuentes y su correlación con la edad, el sexo y la ubicación anatómica. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de 368 exámenes patológicos recogidos entre 2008 y 2018, correspondientes a biopsias realizadas en la Clínica Universitária Egas Moniz. Se realizó un análisis detallado de los informes histopatológicos adjuntos a los archivos de los pacientes y se evaluaron las variables de género, edad, sitio anatómico, diagnóstico clínico y diagnóstico histopatológico. Resultados: El género más afectado fue femenino (55%); el grupo de edad más común fue de 61-70 años; La ubicación anatómica más biopsiada fue la encía (23,9%); las cinco entidades patológicas más comunes fueron fibroma (26,4%), quiste radicular (8,7%), liquen plano oral (7,6%), hemangioma (6,3%) y leucoplasia oral (6,0%). Según el grado de acuerdo, el 74,5% de los casos fueron concordantes y el 25,5% discordantes. Las lesiones más concordantes fueron Quiste Radicular (90,6%), Lesión Traumática (87,5%), Hemangioma (82,6%), Fibroma (82,5%) y Mucocele (82,5%). Conclusión: este estudio demuestra un nivel significativo de acuerdo entre el diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico en esta área en particular, obtenido consistentemente en un período de diez años de tiempo


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biopsy , Clinical Diagnosis , Mouth/injuries , Mouth/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878727

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma(ChRCC). Methods The clinical and pathological data of 126 patients with ChRCC treated in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were retrospectively analyzed. Results The patients included 64 males and 62 females,with the age of 22-80 years(median of 52 years).The tumor was located on the right side in 70 cases and on the left side in 56 cases.Ultrasound,CT or magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)were performed.Of the 110 cases receiving ultrasound examination,63,23,13,10,and 1 cases showed hypoecho,hyperecho,isoecho,uneven or mixed echo,and dark hypoecho,respectively.Color Doppler flow imaging showed no blood flow signal in 42 cases and low blood flow signal in 60 cases out of 68 cases with blood flow signal.Among the 54 cases receiving CT,50 cases showed equal density or low density and 4 cases showed high density with clear boundary.The enhanced scanning showed mild to moderate uniform or non-uniform reinforcement,mostly below the renal parenchyma,and still showed reinforcement in the delayed period.Among the 97 cases receiving MRI,96 cases showed hypo-or isointense signals and 1 case showed hyperintense signal in T1 weighted images;71 cases showed hyper-or isointense signals and 26 cases showed hypo-or isointense signals in T2 weighted images;93 cases showed hyperintense signals with obvious limited diffusion and 4 cases showed unobvious limited diffusion in diffusion weighted images.Mild to moderate uniform or non-uniform reinforcement was observed in most of the enhanced scans.All the 126 patients underwent surgical treatment,including 64 cases of nephron sparing surgery and 62 cases of radical surgery.Pathological examinations confirmed ChRCC for all the patients,including 91 cases of T1N0M0,15 cases of T2N0M0,and 20 cases of T3N0M0.The immunohistochemical assay demonstrated the positive expression rate of 48.2%(54/112)for CD10,92.3%(96/104)for CD117,8.0%(9/112)for vimentin,85.6%(95/111)for CK7,and 97.6%(83/85)for colloidal iron.Conclusions ChRCC is less common,with low level of malignancy and good prognosis.Since the clinical symptoms of ChRCC are not typical,MRI is an important means of imaging differential diagnosis,and the disease can be confirmed depending on pathological diagnosis.Surgery is the preferred treatment method,and currently there is no standard treatment regimen for metastatic patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical characteristics, clinical efficacy and adverse drug reactions of rheumatoid factor (RF) positive (+ ) and negative (-) polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (PJIA).Methods:The clinical data of 67 PJIA patients admitted into Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, from January 2013 to December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively.They were divided into RF-positive PJIA group [RF (+ ) group, 23 cases] and RF-negative PJIA group [RF (-) group, 44 cases] according to RF titer.The clinical characteristics, laboratory indexes and clinical efficacy evaluation of the two groups were compared.Results:(1)Distribution of affected joints: the top 3 affected joints in the RF (+ ) group were the knuckles (16 cases, 69.57%), the wrists (15 cases, 65.22%) and the ankles (13 cases, 56.52%), and those in the RF (-) group were the knees (33 cases, 75.00%), ankle joints (29 cases, 65.91%) and hip joints (26 cases, 59.09%). The wrist joint involvement of the RF (+ ) group was significantly higher than that of the RF (-) group, while the knee joint involvement was lower than that of the RF (-) group.The difference was statistically significant (all P<0.01). (2)Magnetic resonance changes of the affected joints: articular cavity effusion (54 cases, 84.38%), synovial thickening (44 cases, 68.75%) and bone edema (26 cases, 40.63%) are common in both groups.The incidence of bone destruction (7 cases, 70.00%) and soft tissue edema (7 cases, 70.00%) in the RF (+ ) group was higher than that in the RF (-) group (2 cases, 18.18% and 2 cases, 18.18%), the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). (3) Changes in laboratory indicators: the positive rates of C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody and anti-nuclear antibody in the RF(+ ) group were significantly higher than those in the RF(-) group, the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). (4)Juvenile arthritis disease activity score 27 (JADAS27): the score difference between RF(+ ) group and RF(-) group was not statistically significant [(22.83±5.60) scores vs.(23.07±6.66) scores, t=0.148, P>0.05]. (5) Efficacy analysis: 2 patients were lost to follow-up after discharge, and the remaining 65 patients were treated with traditional therapy, of which 30 were given biologics at the first hospitalization, 9 cases were treated with biologics after the failure of traditional treatments, and 35 patients were treated with biologics to control disease activity.In different dosage regimens, the disease remission rate in the RF(-) group is generally higher than that in the RF(+ ) group. Conclusions:PJIA patients have complicated joint involvement, RF-positive patients are more prone to joint destruction, and traditional treatments are less effective.Biological agents can effectively improve the symptoms of severe PJIA patients, especially those with poor prognosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907900

ABSTRACT

Enterovirus infections are common virus infections during the neonatal period.Different from older children, neonatal enterovirus infections are often more severe, with clinical manifestations indistinguishable from bacterial sepsis, and can be complicated by necrotizing hepatitis, meningitis and myocarditis, with rapid progression and high mortality.Early intravenous immunoglobulin treatment might contribute to reducing the mortality of neonatal severe enterovirus infection and the morbidity of complications.Further research is needed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of new antiviral drugs for neonatal enterovirus infections.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3042-3060, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921405

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths and the fifth most common cancer worldwide. Clinically therapeutic options for HCC are very limited, and the overall survival rate of patients is very low. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of HCC have important impact on overall survival of patients. At present, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is one of the most widely used serological markers for HCC. Many evidences have shown that as a specific onco-protein, AFP has great research value in the occurrence, development, diagnosis and treatment of HCC. Here, we briefly introduce the molecular mechanism of AFP in the regulation of HCC occurrence and development, and its role in tumor escape from immune surveillance. We focus on the application of AFP as an important HCC target or carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) in HCC clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Early Detection of Cancer , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , alpha-Fetoproteins
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912120

ABSTRACT

Human coronavirus OC43 (HCoV-OC43) and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2) belong to the β-coronavirus genus. Since the discovery in 1967, HCoV-OC43 has been continuously circulating in human population and has become one of the common seasonal respiratory viruses. SARS-CoV-2, which has a higher morbidity and fatality rate, appeared at the end of 2019, followed by the emergence of a variety of variants, and the transmission and infection capacity of SARS-CoV-2 has been enhanced. HCoV-OC43 may be similar to SARS-CoV-2 in terms of genomic structure and function, species evolution, epidemic characteristics and clinical manifestations. In this review, the epidemiology, genomics, phylogenetic evolution and other aspects of HCoV-OC43 and SARS-CoV-2 were analyzed. Such an analysis would be helpful to understand the association and differences between the two viruses, and provide reference for understanding the potential threats of HCoV-OC43.

17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 401-404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911041

ABSTRACT

2021 is the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China and the 40 thanniversary of the founding of Chinese Urology Association (CUA). In compliance with the "Plan of Healthy China 2030" , we are ready to gather strength to march again, put forward the slogan "Nourishing Elite to Promote Urology, Aiming High to Forge Ahead" , and scale new heights courageously. With training elite urological talents and developing excellent scientific researches and medical projects as the engine, we will promote the rapid development of Chinese urology, and further achieve the lofty goal of leading Asia and catching up with the international community in the 50 th anniversary of the founding of CUA. In order to achieve this ambitious vision, CUA unites the strength of Chinese urologists to work together on six major tasks: leading academics, strengthening research, cultivating talents, enhancing clinical practice, public welfare and international communication. Alliances in urology should cooperate sincerely and work hand in hand to contribute to the prosperity of urology in China.

18.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 223-229, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923242

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of pneumoconiosis among migrant workers without liability subject(hereinafter referred to as Pneumoconiosis without Liability Subject) in Hunan Province. METHODS: The cases of pneumoconiosis without liability subject from 2017 to 2019 in Hunan Province were selected as the research subjects using typical sampling method. They were clinical diagnosis by occupational disease diagnostic institutions. The distributions of age, gender, length of service, area, type of work, type of pneumoconiosis, pneumoconiosis stage and the situation of poor households with filing and registration card were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 18 870 cases of pneumoconiosis without liability subject were clinically diagnosed in Hunan Province from 2017 to 2019. The patients were mainly males(accounting for 99.8%), with the age ranged 50-65 years old(64.7%). Most of them had dust exposure service length of 5-29 years(78.4%). The cases of stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ pneumoconiosis accounted for 32.2%, 26.0% and 41.8% respectively. The main types of disease were coal workers′ pneumoconiosis and silicosis(accounted for 99.3%). The first five geographical distributions were Chenzhou City, Zhuzhou City, Hengyang City, Yiyang City and Shaoyang City, accounting for 17.9%, 14.6%, 14.1%, 11.8% and 9.2% respectively. The distribution of work types were mainly mine-related jobs(91.3%). There were 1 774 cases who had complications(9.4%), of which the top three complications were emphysema, pulmonary and bronchial infection and tuberculosis. There were 3 662 cases with poor households archives and cards(19.4%). CONCLUSION: The hazards of pneumoconiosis among migrant workers in Hunan Province should not be ignored. In 2017, Hunan Province took the lead in launching a large-scale basic medical treatment and rescue operation for migrant workers with pneumoconiosis, which helped solve the problem of pneumoconiosis in migrant workers who had no professional history certification and responsible employer.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910411

ABSTRACT

Objective:To carry out investigation and analysis of an extensive skin radiation injury to the back accidentally caused by interventional procedure and to explore the problems faced in the event with emphasis on avoiding the reoccurance of similar events in the future.Methods:The data were collected by consulting the patient′s detailed medical history, collecting and analyzing clinical diagnosis and treatment data, tracking and observing their clinical manifestations and signs. The patient′s peripheral blood samples were also collected, together with the biological dose estimated and the equipment data collected on the site of the interventional treatment hospital.Results:The whole body dose to the patient was estimated to be 0.95 Gy. The typical values of kerma rate of radiation incident on the body surface due to fluoroscopic procedures were 373.5 mGy/min in subtraction modality and 47.8 mGy/min in fluoroscopy modality, respectively. The annual effective dose to the interventional radiologist was 20.51 mSv due to his operation in long-time radiation exposure conditions, higher than 3.09 mSv for other interventional radiologists with similar workload in the same department. The whole body and local clinical manifestations of the patients were in line with radiation injury. No clear diagnosis has been obtained in several hospitals, nor can obvious treatment outcomes be obsevered.Conclusion:Combined with the biological dose estimation result and clinical manifestations, the case was diagnosed as degree Ⅳ skin radiation injury. Radiation injury is closely related to whether the operation is conducted according to the standard and the output dose of X-ray machine. Non-specialized hospitals should strengthen clinical diagnosis and treatment of radiation injury.

20.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(4): e20200374, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1279018

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo descrever as experiências das mulheres sobre as suas trajetórias desde o início dos sintomas até o diagnóstico da endometriose. Método pesquisa descritiva, qualitativa, realizada com dez mulheres com diagnóstico de endometriose no município do Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. Coletaram-se entrevistas semiestruturadas áudio gravadas e posteriormente submetidas à Análise de Conteúdo por meio do software Atlas.ti 8. Resultados sem o diagnóstico de endometriose, as mulheres vivenciam sintomas fortes desde a menarca. Essa situação repercute negativamente em diferentes esferas da vida, inclusive pela desvalorização de suas queixas em seus círculos de convivência. Assim, entende-se a importância da rede de apoio perante essa situação. Diante desse contexto, as mulheres peregrinam por diversos profissionais até o diagnóstico definitivo. Considerações finais e implicações para a prática as trajetórias dessas mulheres são marcadas pela desvalorização de suas queixas por profissionais de saúde e pessoas próximas, pela naturalização da dor feminina e pela dificuldade em estabelecer um diagnóstico diferencial. No entanto, a capacidade individual de reconhecer a presença de uma patologia, o conhecimento sobre a endometriose e a experiência do profissional facilitaram o diagnóstico. No contexto da assistência de enfermagem, entender essa trajetória pode promover a escuta ativa, melhor valorização das queixas, avaliação clínica e o encaminhamento para o diagnóstico precoce.


Resumen Objetivo describir las vivencias de las mujeres en sus trayectorias desde el inicio de los síntomas hasta el diagnóstico de endometriosis. Método investigación descriptiva cualitativa realizada con diez mujeres diagnosticadas con endometriosis en la ciudad de Río de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. Se recogieron entrevistas semiestructuradas grabadas en audio y posteriormente se sometieron a Análisis de Contenido utilizando el software Atlas.ti 8. Resultados sin el diagnóstico de endometriosis, las mujeres experimentan síntomas fuertes desde la menarquia. Esta situación tiene un impacto negativo en diferentes ámbitos de la vida, incluso por la devaluación de sus quejas en sus círculos de convivencia. Así, se comprende la importancia de la red de apoyo en esta situación. Ante este contexto, las mujeres deambulan por diferentes profesionales hasta el diagnóstico definitivo. Consideraciones finales e implicaciones para la práctica las trayectorias de estas mujeres están marcadas por la devaluación de sus quejas por parte de los profesionales de la salud y personas cercanas, por la naturalización del dolor femenino y por la dificultad para establecer un diagnóstico diferencial. Sin embargo, la capacidad del individuo para reconocer la presencia de una patología, el conocimiento sobre la endometriosis y la experiencia del profesional facilitaron el diagnóstico. En el contexto del cuidado de enfermería, comprender esta trayectoria puede promover la escucha activa, mejor valoración de las quejas, evaluación clínica y la derivación para diagnóstico precoz.


Abstract Objectives to describe the experiences of women on their trajectories from the beginning of symptoms to the diagnosis of endometriosis. Method descriptive, qualitative research, conducted with ten women diagnosed with endometriosis in the city of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. Audio recorded semi-structured interviews were collected and later submitted to Content Analysis using Atlas.ti 8 software. Results without the diagnosis of endometriosis, women experience strong symptoms from the menarche. This situation has a negative impact on different spheres of life, including the devaluation of their complaints in their circles of coexistence. Thus, the importance of the support network in this situation is understood. Faced with this context, women wander through various professionals until the definitive diagnosis. Final considerations and implications for practice the trajectories of these women are marked by the devaluation of their complaints by health professionals and people close to them, by the naturalization of female pain and by the difficulty in establishing a differential diagnosis. However, the individual's ability to recognize the presence of a pathology, the knowledge about endometriosis and the professional's experience facilitated the diagnosis. In the context of nursing care, understanding this trajectory can promote active listening, better appreciation of complaints, clinical assessment and referral to early diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Quality of Life/psychology , Health Care Costs , Cost of Illness , Pelvic Pain , Qualitative Research , Early Diagnosis , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Endometriosis/therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Menstrual Cycle/physiology
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