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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 157-160, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775649

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There is no consensus on one or two chest drains closed chest drainage in superior lobectomy of lung cancer and mediastinal lymph node dissection. This study investigated the postoperative complications about drainage and evaluated the effectiveness.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of patients with single closed chest drainage in superior lobectomy of lung cancer and mediastinal lymph node dissection of Beijing Friendship Hospital between April 2012 and May 2017, and evaluated the effectiveness.@*RESULTS@#From the available data of 301 patients, the complication rate after superior lobectomy was 9.3%, and the complication rate of drainage after superior lobectomy was 5.64%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The effectiveness of drainage of single closed chest drainage in superior lobectomy of lung cancer and mediastinal lymph node dissection is no less than double drainage.


Subject(s)
Drainage , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pneumonectomy , Retrospective Studies , Thorax , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777855

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the clinical effect of single mediastinal drainage tube and both mediastinal drainage tube and closed thoracic drainage tube for the patients who received thoracoscopic radical resection of esophageal carcinoma. Methods    We enrolled 96 esophageal carcinoma patients who received thoracoscopic radical resection from June 2016 to October 2018. Of them, 49 patients were indwelt with both mediastinal drainage tube and closed thoracic drainage tube (a chest & mediastinal drainage group, a CMD group) while the other 47 patients were indwelt with single mediastinal drainage tube (a single mediastinal drainage group, a SMD group). The total drainage volume, intubation time and incidence of postoperative complications (postoperative atelectasis, pulmonary infection, pleural effusion and anastomotic leakage) between the two groups were compared. The pain score and comfort score were also compared between the two groups. Results    The total drainage volume and intubation time in the SMD group were not significantly different from those in the CMD group (1 321±421 mL vs. 1 204±545 mL, P=0.541; 6.1±3.7 d vs. 6.4 ±5.1 d, P=0.321). The incidence of postoperative complications (postoperative atelectasis, pulmonary infection, pleural effusion and anastomotic leakage) in the SMD group was not significantly different from that in the CMD group (10.6% vs. 6.1%, P=0.712; 4.3% vs. 10.2%, P=0.656; 6.4% vs. 12.2%, P=0.121; 2.1% vs. 4.1%, P=0.526). The numerical rating scale (NRS) pain  scores on the first to the fifth day after surgery and during extubation in the SMD group were significantly lower than those in the CMD group (3.2±2.1 vs. 5.1±2.4, P=0.041; 2.8±0.6 vs. 4.8±1.4, P=0.015; 2.1±0.4 vs. 4.5±0.4, P=0.019; 1.7±0.7 vs. 4.0±0.8, P=0.004; 1.8±0.7 vs. 3.2±1.2, P=0.006; 1.4±0.2 vs. 2.5±3.4, P=0.012). The VAS comfort scores in the SMD group were significantly lower than those in the CMD group (3.6±1.7 vs. 6.6±3.7, P=0.018; 2.9±2.0 vs. 5.1±3.4, P=0.007; 2.1±1.4 vs. 5.5±2.4, P=0.004; 3.0±0.9 vs. 4.6±3.8, P=0.012; 1.8±1.1 vs. 4.2±2.7, P=0.003; 2.4±3.2 vs. 5.3±1.7, P=0.020). Conclusion    The clinical effect of single mediastinal drainage tube in thoracoscopic resection of esophageal carcinoma is similar to that of both mediastinal drainage tube and closed thoracic drainage tube, but it can significantly improve the comfort of the patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489035

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effect of single-tube drainage with that of two-tube drainange in non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) patients with VATS upper-lobectomy.Methods Between August 2012 and August 2014,100 NSCLC patients who had received VATS upper-lobectomy performed by a single surgeon were prospectively enrolled and randomly classified into a single-tube drainage group(A) and a two-tube drainage group(B),consisting of 49 and 51 patients respectively.Upper-lobectomy and systematic mediastinal node dissection or sampling were performed in all cases.Clinical and surgical variables were collected prospectively.Results There were no significant differences in demographic and pathologic features between two groups.The amount/duration of drainage,the postoperative hospitalization days,postoperative morbidity and mortality between two groups showed no significant difference either.Group A patients had significantly lower VAS pain scores in the second day (4.06 ± 0.97 vs 4.47 ± 0.86,P =0.027) and one month after surgery (1.31 ± 0.68 vs 1.61 ± 0.64,P =0.024)compared with group B patients.Conclusion Single-tube drainage is as safe and effective as the conventional use of two-tube drainage after VATS upper-lobectomy in NSCLC patients.Moreover,single-tube drainage can relieve the post-operative pain for the patients.

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