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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909562

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the latent categories of college students′ regulation emotional self-efficacy and its relationship with social anxiety, so as to provide theoretical basis for different groups to implement relevant intervention.Methods:A total of 415 college students were investigated by scale of regulation emotional self-efficacy(SRESE)and interaction anxiousness scale(SIAS). SPSS 26.0 was used for descriptive statistics and data collation, and Mplus 8.3 was used for latent profile analysis (LPA) to explore the potential categories of regulation emotional self-efficacy of college students. The modified BCH method was used to explore the relationship between different categories of regulation emotional self-efficacy and social anxiety.Results:Regulation emotional self-efficacy can be divided into three categories: " high positive expression and low management negative regulation emotional efficiency" , " low regulation emotional efficiency" and " high regulation emotional efficiency" , accounting for 30.3%, 22.3% and 47.4% of all college students. The three categories had different predictive effects on social anxiety. The " high positive expression and low management negative regulation emotional efficiency" (48.66±0.75) and " the low regulation emotional efficacy" (48.05±0.97) had higher scores in social anxiety and there was no significant difference in the prediction of social anxiety between them( χ2=0.24, P=0.62). However, " high regulation emotional efficiency" ( 45.29±0.56) had a lower score on social anxiety, which was significantly different in the prediction of social anxiety compare the other two categories( χ2=6.06, 12.30, both P<0.05). Conclusion:There are three different potential categories of regulation emotional self-efficacy. Different potential categories of regulation emotional self-efficacy have different social anxiety, so targeted intervention methods can be developed to improve the regulation emotional self-efficacy and reduce social anxiety.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediating role of boredom tendency in anxiety, depression and meaning in life in college students.Methods:Totally 590 college students in Shijiazhuang were selected to carry out a questionnaire survey, including general questionnaire, boredom proneness questionnaire (BPQ), meaning in life questionnaire (MLQ), patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9) and general anxiety disorder-7(GAD-7). Spearman correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis were conducted to analyze the data by using SPSS 20.0, and Amos 24.0 was used to analyze the mediating effect of boredom tendency on anxiety, depression and sense of life meaning in college students.Results:Correlation analysis found that the total score of boredom tendency was negatively correlated with meaning in life ( r=-0.260, P<0.05) and education ( r=-0.110, P<0.05). The total score of boredom tendency was positively correlated with depression ( r=0.649, P<0.05) and anxiety ( r=0.555, P<0.05). The mediating effect model fit well(χ 2/ df=0.582, GFI=1.000, AGFI=0.994, RMSEA=0.000). Boredom tendency played a partial mediating role between anxiety meaning in life(standard effect size=-0.054), a complete mediating role between depression and meaning in life(standard effect size=-0.175), and a complete mediating role between educational background and meaning in life(standard effect size=0.025). Conclusion:Boredom tendency plays a mediating role in the model between related factors and meaning in life, and attentions should be paid to the psychological development of college students.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875956

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the status of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitude and behavior in college students, and to provide the theoretical basis for strategy of control and prevention. Methods By using random cluster sampling method, we conducted an anonymous online questionnaire survey on a total of 917 young students in Songjiang District of Shanghai. Results The awareness rate of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge was 71.8% among 903 responders. 11.1% of the students had sexual experience, and the rate was higher in male students than in female students(χ2 = 10.549, P < 0.01). The average age of first sexual intercourse was 18.4±1.3 years old, and 60.0% of the students used condom when having sex for the first time. In this survey, only 28.2% were willing to take anonymous HIV antibody urine test, and 1.8% of the students had been tested for HIV. Conclusion The overall awareness rate of knowledge of prevention and control of HIV/AIDS, the rate of condom use, and the willingness to take anonymous HIV antibody urine test are low among young college students in Songjiang District of Shanghai. We suggest to carry out targeted health education activities and to expand coverage of HIV testing by promoting the anonymous HIV antibody urine test for control the spread of HIV/AIDS among young students.

4.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-212332

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study is to identify the prevalence of smartphone addiction and its correlation with depression among Higher College of Technology students in Oman.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Higher College of Technology, Oman. A self-reported questionnaire was distributed electronically to students between January and February 2017. The questionnaire contained a validated short version of the smartphone addiction scale (SAS-SV) and a validated Arabic version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), along with a single question to self-assess smartphone addiction.Results: With a response rate of 86.2%, a total of 376 students were considered, of whom 34.6% were males and 65.4% were females, with an overall mean age of 20.9 years. This study showed that the prevalence of smartphone addiction in the study population using the SAS-SV was 63.8%; 88.3% of students were using their smartphones for four hours or more per day and 80% had been using smartphones for more than four years. The overall depression rate was 32.2%. As the total depression score increased by 1 point, the smartphone addiction score increased by 0.428 points (p<0.005). The prevalence of smartphone addiction was 54.9% among those who had no depression, 80.3% among those who had mild depression, 75.9% among those who had moderate depression, and 96.2% among those who have severe depression (p<0.005).Conclusions: This study shows high smartphone addiction levels based on SAS-SV scores and found a significant positive correlation between smartphone addiction score and depression scores.

5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 451-455, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881922

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the status and influencing factors of the health literacy(HL) of college students in a comprehensive university. METHODS: A total of 3 360 students from in a comprehensive university of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps was selected using multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method. The HL level of college students was investigated and evaluated with self-edited Xinjiang Construction Corps College Students Health Literacy Questionnaire. RESULTS: The HL level of college students was 17.1%. The HL level of medical students was higher than that of non-medical students(35.4% vs 10.0%, P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis results showed that among the medical students in grade three or four, those with medium and excellent academic achievement, and Han nationality had a positive effect on their HL level(P<0.01). Among the non-medical students, female and medicine related optional courses had a positive effect on their HL level(P<0.05). Students in the sophomore year had a negative effect on their HL level(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: There is a big difference in the level of HL between medical students and non-medical students. Medical college students and non-medical college students have different factors affecting HL, medical education is related to improving HL.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2494-2500, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878505

ABSTRACT

The Chinese national college students' life science competition has been held for three times, with good organization, large scale and high participation degree. The competition plays an important role in promoting life science education and research. This paper reports the form and status of the competition, statistically analyses the registration data and competition results by region and year, based on the previous three competitions. By combining new changes and understanding in the field of life science, we also indicate prospects on how to better promote the competition.


Subject(s)
Biological Science Disciplines , Data Analysis , Humans , Students
7.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-201074

ABSTRACT

Background: The total waste generated by obsolete or broken down electronic and electrical equipment was estimated to be 1,46,000 tonnes for the year 2005, which is expected to exceed 8,00,000 tonnes by 2012. However, according to the Green peace report in 2007, India generated 380,000 tonnes of e-waste. Only 3% of this made it to the authorized recyclers’ facilities.Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out amongst 133 Engineering Students of Sinhgad Institute of Technology College, Lonavala, Pune which is located in a rural field practice area of Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College, Pune during the period of June 2016 to December 2016. Data was collected by using a self-administered questionnaire and analyzed by using Epi. Info 7 and appropriate statistical tests were applied.Results: Almost 125 (94%) students replaced mobile phones in last five years. Common reason for replacement was desire for newer technology by 33 (26.4%) students and need for greater functionality by 29 (23.2%). The old mobile phones were kept at home by 34 (27.2%) students, followed by dumped by 31 (24.8%), it was also noted that many students sold the mobile phones and only 8 (6.5%) were aware of the e–waste management policy.Conclusions: Most of the students replacing the mobile phones frequently but the level of awareness about the e-waste management were low, so need to increase the awareness among the users for implementation of the e waste management policy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781263

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association of mobile phone use with sleep disorder and unhealthy eating behavior among college students of a medical university in Guangzhou.@*METHODS@#Mobile Phone Involvement Questionnaire (MPIQ), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire Revised 21 Item (TFEQ-R21) were used to survey 2122 undergraduates of the medical university. One-sample t test, One-way ANOVA and multiple linear regression analysis were used to analyze the data.@*RESULTS@#Age, body mass index (BMI), phone use before sleep, phone use frequency, sleep quality (assessed by total PSQI score) and the dimension scores of TFEQ-R21 for uncontrolled eating, cognitive restraint, and emotional eating were all significantly correlated with the total score of MPIQ ( < 0.05). Phone use before sleep, high frequency of mobile phone use, poor sleep quality and emotional eating were associated with high MPIQ scores, while lower cognitive restraint and emotional eating tendency were correlated with lower scores of MPIQ. Bivariate analysis revealed that age (=0.088, < 0.001), BMI (=0.055, < 0.05), PSQI scores (=0.204, < 0.001), TFEQ-UE scores (=0.199, < 0.001), TFEQ-CR scores (=-0.076, < 0.001), TFEQ-EE scores (=0.170, < 0.001), phone use before sleep (=0.429, < 0.001), and phone use frequency (=0.316, < 0.001) were all significantly correlated with MPIQ scores; multiple linear regression analysis showed that model 4 incorporating the scores of TFEQ-UE, TFEQ-CR, and TFEQ-EE explained up to 21.8% of the main effect (adjusted R= 21.5%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mobile phone overuse is associated with poor sleep quality and unhealthy eating behaviors, and education and interventions for mobile phone use is essential among college students.


Subject(s)
Cell Phone , Feeding Behavior , Humans , Sleep Wake Disorders , Students , Universities
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779491

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the changes of safe sexual behavior and its intention among college students in Beijing between 2006 and 2016, and to provide evidence for reproductive health education for prevention and control of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Methods By a stratified random sampling method,a questionnaire survey was conducted among college students in Beijing in 2006 and 2016 respectively. Results The rate of sexual behaviors declined ( 2=81.150,P<0.001), while the percentage of homosexual behavior among respondents in 2016 was higher than that in 2006( 2=12.115,P<0.001). Meanwhile, the age of first sexual intercourse (t=12.009, P<0.001) and the intention of safe sexual behavior declined( 2=10.375,P<0.001). In both surveys, the proportion of risk behaviors among students who ever had sexual behavior was higher than that of students never had sexual behavior. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the intention of safe sexual behavior among college students was associated with gender, age, self-efficacy of condom use, UNGASS index, visiting entertainment places and browsing pornographic information on the Internet(all P<0.05).Conclusions Compared with 2006, the safe sexualbehavior, intention and their risk factors among college students in Beijing changed greatly in 2016. The contents and approaches of intervention related to STDs and reproductive health should be changed according to the current situation in order to improve the intention of safe sexual behavior among college students and to control the occurrence of STDs.

10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758564

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study sought to investigate influence factors affecting reproductive health promoting behavior of female college students. METHODS: The study collected data using self-administered questionnaires among 166 female students at four universities located at a metropolitan city. And using SPSS 21.0 program, the study conducted analysis by means of technical statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: The level of reproductive health promoting behavior of female college students was 3.3±0.3 points on average. Reproductive health promoting behavior had a significant variance depending on age (F=4.70, p=0.045). Reproductive health promoting behavior had positive correlations with sex knowledge (r=0.24, p=0.040), intention to visit an obstetrics-gynecology (r=0.18, p=0.020), awareness of visit thereto (r=0.32, p<.001). Influence factors emerged in the order of awareness of visit to an obstetrics-gynecology (β=0.30, p<.001), intention to visit (β=0.16, p=0.036) with explanatory power of 12.2% (F=6.73, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: To improve reproductive health promoting behavior of female college students needs to develop and apply sex education programs.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Intention , Reproductive Health , Sex Education
11.
Medical Education ; : 160-168, 2019.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758332

ABSTRACT

Abstract:Introduction: The purpose of this research is to measure the critical thinking (CT) skills of nursing college students before and after practical training, and examine whether situational factors such as purpose and context can affect judgments related to CT.Methods: We distributed 795 nursing students an anonymous self-administered questionnaire using the scale to assess the CT and free description type questions. The collected data was analyzed using statistical analysis and text mining analysis.Results: The effective response rate was 22.01% (n=175) before training and 22.26% (n=177) after practical training. The average score of the CT scale was 163.70±17.68 before training and 171.21±19.03 after practical training. Five categories were extracted from the open-ended questions and identified as situations in which CT in used in practical training.Discussion: The average score of the CT scale rose with practical training experience. The existence of the practical training experience have affected the total score of the CT scale.

12.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 227-231, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether there is self-positivity bias in implicit information processing among college students with depressive traits.Methods:Forty-two college students of the depressive-trait group [Trait Depression Scale (T-DEP) T>60 and Trait Anxiety Inventory (T-AI) T<60] and 42 cases of the non-depressive-trait control group [T-DEP and T-AI T<60] were selected.They performed positive and negative words judgment tasks under self or other primed conditions by adopting the supraliminal attitude-prime paradigm, and the difference in reaction time between the two groups was compared.Result:The interaction effects between primed conditions and emotional words in depressive-trait group were not significant [F (1, 41) =1.56, P=0.218].There was significant interaction effect between primed conditions and emotional words in the control group [F (1, 41) =55.43, P<0.001], and the reaction time of self-positive words and other-negative words in self-positivity bias was shorter than other-positive words and self-negative words outside the bias [ (602.64±20.03) ms, (654.56±20.41) ms vs. (663.19±20.78) ms, (678.64±20.70) ms, Ps<0.001].Conclusion:It suggests that there may be no self-positivity bias in the implicit information processing of depressive-trait college students, and non-depressive-trait ones show the implicit self-positivity bias.

13.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 143-148, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744720

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the psychological and behavioral characteristics of problematic social networks usage. Methods: Totally 11 problematic social networks users were selected from 269 Beijing college students who often used social networks, and they were also deeply interviewed. The Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to analyze transcriptional texts. Results: Problematic social networks usage was classified into the following 6 aspects, deviant behaviors, poor attention state, impaired social function, bad moods, abstinence reaction (withdrawal) and tolerance. Conclusion: The present study generalizes the psychological and behavioral characteristics of problematic social networks usage and offers the basis of exploring its measurement tools.

14.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 137-142, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744719

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association between excite seeking personality and alcohol use, and provide reference basis for intervention measures of drinking behavior. Methods: Totally 5966 college students in 8universities [2180 males, mean age (20 ± 1) ] were selected from Hunan province by using multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method. We Chat-based anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted by using general questionnaire, excite-seeking personality scales, alcohol questionnaire, and alcohol use disorders identification test. Results: The rate of 12-month alcohol drinking, binge drinking, hazardous and harmful drinking among college students were 47. 5%, 24. 5%, 7. 4%, respectively. High degree of excite seeking personality had more likelihood to having had alcohol drinking, binge drinking, hazardous and harmful drinking (Ps < 0. 01). Excite seeking personality was an independent risk factor of 12-month alcohol drinking, binge drinking, hazardous and harmful drinking. Conclusion: It suggests that excite-seeking personality may be a related factor of alcohol drinking behavior.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1601-1605, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800279

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the confidence-related factors of refusing unprotected sex behavior among college students in Zhejiang province.@*Methods@#Stratified cluster random sampling method was conducted among college students from 13 colleges and universities in Zhejiang province, from October to November, 2018. A total of 3 718 students who self-reported "ever having had sexual contacts" were enrolled. Chi-square test was used to compare the confidence of rejecting unprotected sex under different demographic characteristics, sexual attitude/behaviors and different intervention approaches. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the related factors.@*Results@#A total of 3 718 college students were involved in this study with average age as (20.17±1.38) years old and 70.5% (2 620/3 718) were male. The proportions of having confidence to refuse unprotected sex behavior were 74.9% (1 963/2 620) of male and 77.9% (896/1 098) of female students, respectively. According to the results from multivariate logistic regression analysis, factors that related to the confidence of refusing unprotected sex behavior in male students would include, did not accept casual sex behavior (compared with accepted students, OR=2.247, 95%CI: 1.828-2.762), did not accept homosexual behavior (compared with accepted students, OR=1.810, 95%CI: 1.302- 2.516), having casual sex behavior in the past one year (compared with having no sex behavior, OR=1.345, 95%CI: 1.051-1.721), aware of the availability of HIV self-test reagents service in college (compared with did not knew, OR=1.381, 95%CI: 1.011-1.887), having taken the HIV infection risk self-assessment in college (compared with did not take, OR=1.707, 95%CI: 1.374-2.121). In female students, the factors would include: being urban resident (compared with rural residence, OR=1.816, 95%CI: 1.225-2.693), 21 years old or above (compared with 20 years old or below, OR=1.469, 95%CI: 1.075-2.007), having taken the HIV infection risk self-assessment in college (compared with did not take, OR=1.597, 95%CI: 1.093-2.333), etc.@*Conclusions@#Both male and female college students had higher confidence in refusing unprotected sex behavior. For male students, refusing casual or homosexual contacts, having casual sex in the recent year, knowing HIV self-test reagents service and having had HIV-related risk self-assessment in college as related factors. However, for female students; city residence, 21 years old and above, and having a HIV infection risk self- assessment in college appeared as related factors. Sexual health education should be strengthened to reduce unprotective sex behavior and to promote HIV infection risk self-assessment among the college students.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790058

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The etiology of lumbar muscle strain is unclear, and it is a kind of specific disease. Lumbar muscles strain not only affects quality of life and work, but also causes heavy medical burden and indirect social costs. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of electropuncture and core strength training on lumbar muscle strain in college students. METHODS: The study was in accordance with the ethics requirements of Guangxi Normal University. Eighty college students with lumbar muscle strain were selected, and they signed the informed consents. The participants were randomized into control group (no intervention), electropuncture group, core strength training group, electropuncture with core strength training group. The intervention time was 7 weeks. The Visual Analogue Scale scores and pain system scores at baseline and after treatment were recorded. The recurrence was measured after 4 months of follow-up. RESULTSANDCONCLUSION: (1) The Visual Analogue Scale scores and pain system scores in the electropuncture, core strength training, and electropuncture with core strength training groups were significantly decreased compared with the baseline scores (P < 0.05). (2) The Visual Analogue Scale scores and pain system scores in the electropuncture, core strength training, and electropuncture with core strength training groups were significantly lower than those in the control group after intervention, and the scores in the electropuncture with core strength training group were significantly lower than those in the electropuncture and core strength training groups (P< 0.05). (3) The healing rate in the core strength training and electropuncture with core strength training groups was significantly higher than that in the electropuncture group, and the treatment efficacy in the core strength training and electropuncture with core strength training groups was significantly superior to the electropuncture group (P<0.05). (4) The recurrence in the core strength training and electropuncture with core strength training groups was significantly lower than that in the electropuncture group (P<0.05). (5) These results indicate that electropuncture and core strength training both have certain treatment efficacy for lumbar muscle strain in college students and core strength training is better than electropuncture, with lower recurrence. The synergistic effect of the combination of core strength training and electropuncture for lumbar muscle strain in college students is remarkable.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805302

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of a tobacco control intervention for college students under the advocate-promoting model, and to provide evidence for methods to improve smoking control and health decisions.@*Methods@#Four colleges were selected from the list of colleges that participated in a survey of college student tobacco use in Zhejiang Province in 2015, and we conducted a tobacco control intervention with them under the advocate-promoting model for two years. A total of 1 007 students were selected using a random sampling method and surveyed before intervention, and 991 students were selected using a random sampling method and surveyed after the intervention. A chi-square test was used to compare the differences between tobacco use, second-hand smoke exposure, and tobacco knowledge among students before and after the intervention.@*Results@#After the tobacco control intervention, the attempted smoking rate among students in the four colleges dropped from 34.36% to 22.30%, the current smoking rate dropped from 12.12% to 7.87%, the second-hand smoke exposure rate decreased from 75.47% to 70.53%, the difference was statistically significant (χ2=37.73, 9.99, 6.18, P<0.05). After intervention, the proportion of students who had seen tobacco advertisements in the past 30 days decreased from 60.38% to 54.4%, the proportion of students who "saw smoking scenes in video media" decreased from 25.02% to 19.58%, and the proportion of students who "learned smoking control knowledge in class" increased from 14.20% to 18.16%, the difference was statistically significant (χ2=7.08, 8.55, 5.79, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The advocate-promoting model of "advocacy alliance" can help colleges to establish a smoke-free campus environment and improve college students’ tobacco knowledge and reduce their attempted and current smoking rates.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818907

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of foodborne parasitic diseases among medical college students, so as to provide the evidence for the development of strategies on health education. Methods A total of 929 premed students from a medical college were selected in Hebei Province using the stratified sampling method from October to December, 2017, and investigated by questionnaires to understand their KAP on foodborne parasitic diseases. Results The understanding and concern degree on foodborne parasitic diseases among the college students from different majors were statistically different (all P < 0.05), the awareness rate and the degree of concern of the non-medical students were lower than those of the medical students, and the awareness rate and the degree of concern of the students who had received medical parasitology education were higher than those who had not received. For the formation rate of not prefer seeking novelty, there was a statistically significant difference among the college students in different majors (P < 0.05), and the rate of health behavior formation in non-medical students was relatively low. There were statistically significant differences among the students from different majors in the attitude on "would suggest others not to eat the foods that might be infected with the foodborne parasites", "would not eat the foods that might be infected with the foodborne parasites", and "would give up special preferences or bad habits" (all P < 0.05), and the formation rate of correct attitude of medical students was relatively high. Conclusion The awareness rate and the formation rates of correct attitude and behavior of the college students who have received medical parasitology education are relatively higher, so it is necessary to set up a course on foodborne parasitic diseases in colleges and universities.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818785

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of foodborne parasitic diseases among medical college students, so as to provide the evidence for the development of strategies on health education. Methods A total of 929 premed students from a medical college were selected in Hebei Province using the stratified sampling method from October to December, 2017, and investigated by questionnaires to understand their KAP on foodborne parasitic diseases. Results The understanding and concern degree on foodborne parasitic diseases among the college students from different majors were statistically different (all P < 0.05), the awareness rate and the degree of concern of the non-medical students were lower than those of the medical students, and the awareness rate and the degree of concern of the students who had received medical parasitology education were higher than those who had not received. For the formation rate of not prefer seeking novelty, there was a statistically significant difference among the college students in different majors (P < 0.05), and the rate of health behavior formation in non-medical students was relatively low. There were statistically significant differences among the students from different majors in the attitude on "would suggest others not to eat the foods that might be infected with the foodborne parasites", "would not eat the foods that might be infected with the foodborne parasites", and "would give up special preferences or bad habits" (all P < 0.05), and the formation rate of correct attitude of medical students was relatively high. Conclusion The awareness rate and the formation rates of correct attitude and behavior of the college students who have received medical parasitology education are relatively higher, so it is necessary to set up a course on foodborne parasitic diseases in colleges and universities.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777642

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The study aimed to explore whether sugary beverage consumption is a key mediator of late chronotype, sleep duration, and weight increase in college students in China.@*METHODS@#The cross-sectional study was conducted in four universities using a sample of 800 undergraduate students recruited by cluster sampling. A self-reported questionnaire was given out to collect information, including the characteristic of social demography, state of physical exercise and sugary beverage intake, the types of chronotype, and psychological conditions. Then, two structural equation models (SEMs) were constructed to test the mediating effect of sugary beverage consumption.@*RESULTS@#The significant indirect effect of sugary beverage consumption was found between chronotype and BMI (effect = - 0.03, SE = 0.01, 95% CI [- 0.05, - 0.02]) and between sleep duration and BMI (effect = - 0.12, SE = 0.05, 95% CI [- 0.16, - 0.09]). In addition, physical exercise and psychological condition also play mediating effects between chronotype and BMI (effect = - 0.04, SE = 0.01, 95% CI [- 0.06, - 0.01] and effect = - 0.03, SE = 0.02, 95% CI [- 0.05, - 0.01]), but their mediating effect was not found between sleep duration and BMI.@*CONCLUSION@#Preventive measures should be taken to decrease student's sugary beverage consumption, improve physical exercise, and increase individual well-being to avoid the harmful effects of eveningness. Moreover, the issue of short sleep duration among college students may be further investigated in future research.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Beverages , Body Weight , China , Circadian Rhythm , Cross-Sectional Studies , Feeding Behavior , Female , Humans , Male , Sleep , Students , Sugars , Universities
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