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1.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 17(1): 70-76, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525945

ABSTRACT

El cáncer colorrectal (CCR) es un problema de salud prevalente y significativo a nivel mundial, especialmente en países desarrollados. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la tasa de mortalidad por CCR en Chile en los últimos 25 años. Se llevó a cabo un estudio descriptivo ecológico utilizando datos públicos de mortalidad desde 1997 hasta 2022, que incluyeron un total de 50.944 defunciones. Los resultados revelaron que el cáncer de colon representó la mayoría de los casos (72,15%) donde el colon sigmoide fue el sitio más afectado. La tasa de mortalidad promedio fue de 11,19 por cada 100.000 habitantes, mostrando un aumento significativo a lo largo del tiempo. El análisis por edad indicó una mayor carga de mortalidad en individuos de 75 a 90 años. Se observó disparidades de género, con predominio de muertes femeninas hasta el año 2019. El análisis de la tasa ajustada por región reveló diferencias no significativas en las tasas de mortalidad, siendo Valparaíso y Magallanes y Antártica Chilena las regiones con tasas más altas para el cáncer de colon y el cáncer de recto, respectivamente. Estos hallazgos contribuyen a nuestra comprensión de la epidemiología del CCR en Chile y enfatizan la necesidad de intervenciones específicas en prevención primaria y screening para reducir la mortalidad por esta enfermedad.


Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a prevalent and significant health problem worldwide, especially in developed countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the CRC mortality rate in Chile in the last 25 years. An ecological descriptive study was carried out using public mortality data from 1997 to 2022, which included a total of 50,944 deaths. The results revealed that colon cancer represented the majority of cases (72.15%) where the sigmoid colon was the most affected site. The average mortality rate was 11.19 per 100,000 individuals, showing a significant increase over time. The analysis by age showed a greater burden of mortality in individuals from 75 to 90 years. Gender disparities were observed, with a predominance of female deaths until 2019. The analysis of the rate configured by region revealed non-significant differences in mortality rates, with Valparaíso and Magallanes and Antártica Chilena being the regions with the highest rates for colon and rectal cancer, respectively. These findings contribute to our understanding of the epidemiology of CRC in Chile and emphasize the need for specific interventions in primary prevention and screening to reduce mortality from this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Rectal Neoplasms/mortality , Rectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/mortality , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Colonic Neoplasms/mortality , Colonic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive
2.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(1): 16-21, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374443

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is an easy-to-use treatment option for superficial colorectal lesions, including lesions ≥20 mm. Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of EMR. Methods We evaluated 430 lesions removed by EMR in 404 patients. The lesions were analyzed according to their morphology, size, location, and histology. Lesions <20 mm were resected en bloc, whereas lesions ≥20 mm were removed by piecemeal EMR (p-EMR). Adverse events and recurrence were assessed. Results Regarding morphology, 145 (33.7%) were depressed lesions, 157 (36.5%) were polypoid lesions and 128 (29.8%) were laterally spreading lesions, with 361 (84%) lesions <20 mm and 69 (16%) ≥20 mm. Regarding histology, 413 (96%) lesions were classified as neoplastic lesions. Overall, 14 (3.3%) adverse reactions occurred, most commonly in lesions removed by p-EMR (P<0.001) and associated with advanced histology (P=0.008). Recurrence occurred in 14 (5.2%) cases, more commonly in lesions removed by p-EMR (P<0.001). Conclusion EMR is an effective technique for the treatment of superficial colorectal lesions, even of large lesions.


RESUMO Contexto Ressecção endoscópica da mucosa (REM) é uma opção fácil para o tratamento das lesões superficiais do cólon e reto, inclusive para as lesões ≥20 mm de diâmetro. Objetivo Avaliar a efetividade da REM. Métodos Este estudo prospectivo observacional avaliou 430 lesões ressecadas por REM em 404 pacientes. As lesões foram analisadas de acordo com a morfologia, tamanho, localização e histologia. Lesões <20 mm foram removidas em bloco, enquanto lesões ≥20 mm foram ressecadas em piecemeal REM (p-REM). Eventos adversos e recorrência foram avaliados. Resultados Quanto à morfologia, 145 (33,7%) eram lesões deprimidas, 157 (36,5%) eram lesões polipoides e 128 (29,8%) eram lesões que se espalham lateralmente, com 361 (84%) lesões <20 mm e 69 (16%) ≥20 mm. Em relação à histologia, 413 (96%) foram classificadas como lesões neoplásicas. Globalmente tivemos 14 (3,3%) de reações adversas, mais presente nas lesões ≥20 mm removidas por p-REM (P<0,001) e associadas com histologia avançada (P=0,008). A recorrência ocorreu em 14 (5,2%) casos, sendo mais observada em lesões removidas por p-REM (P<0,001). Conclusão REM é uma técnica efetiva para o tratamento das lesões colorretais superficiais, até mesmo para as grandes lesões.

3.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1437-1440, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994125

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between postoperative delirium and preoperative modified frailty index (mFI) score in elderly patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery.Methods:The medical records of elderly patients of either sex, aged 65-90 yr, with primary tumor, without radiotherapy and chemotherapy before operation, with the expected operating time ≥ 2 h, undergoing colorectal cancer surgery under general anesthesia, were collected.The patients′ preoperative frailty was assessed using mFI scale.Primary outcome was the incidence of delirium within 7 days after operation, and delirium was assessed using Confusion Assessment Method.The preoperative baseline characteristics, BI score, mFI score and Mini-Mental State Examination were recorded; anesthesia-related information, surgery-related information, intraoperative adverse events, total volume of intraoperative fluid infused, blood loss, and urine output were recorded.The patients were divided into delirium group (D group) and non-delirium group (N group) according to whether delirium occurred or not, and logistic regression analysis was used to screen the risk factors for postoperative delirium in elderly patients with colorectal cancer.Results:A total of 370 patients were enrolled in this study, and the incidence of delirium was 10.8%.There were significant differences in age, ASA grading ratio, mFI score, anesthetic time and total volume of intraoperative fluid infused between group N and group D ( P<0.05). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that increased age and mFI were independent risk factors for the occurrence of postoperative delirium ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Increased mFI score and age are independent risk factors for postoperative delirium in elderly patients undergoing colorectal cancer.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 619-623, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912218

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of hypersensitivity quantitative fecal immunochemical test (hs-qFIT) in colorectal cancer (CRC) and advanced adenoma.Methods:From July to December 2020, consecutive patients aged 50 to 75 years who underwent colonoscopy in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, and had the Asia-Pacific colorectal screening score of medium or high risk were enrolled. All patients were requested to complete two hs-qFIT before colonoscopy. The diagnostic efficacy of hs-qFIT for CRC and advanced adenoma were assessed. Receiver operating characteristic curve of hs-qFIT in CRC diagnosis was drawn and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated.Results:A total of 811 patients including 20 (2.5%) cases of CRC, 47 (5.8%) cases of advanced adenoma, 206 (25.4%) cases of non-advanced adenoma, 219 (27.0%) cases of non-adenomatous polyp, 76 (9.4%) cases of other colorectal lesions and 243 (30.0%) cases of non-colorectal lesions were involved. When the fecal hemoglobin cut-off values were 10, 30, 50, 75 and 100 ng/mL, the positive rates of hs-qFIT detection were 17.9% (145/811), 10.9% (88/811), 8.3% (67/811), 7.4% (60/811) and 5.8% (47/811), respectively. When the cut-off value of fecal hemoglobin decreased from 100 ng/mL to 10 ng/mL, the sensitivity of hs-qFIT for CRC diagnosis increased from 90.0% to 100.0%, and the specificity decreased from 96.3% to 84.2%; and the sensitivity of hs-qFIT for the diagnosis of advanced adenoma increased from 19.1% to 66.0%, and the specificity decreased from 95.0% to 85.1%. The AUC of hs-qFIT for the diagnosis of CRC and advanced adenoma were 0.981 (95% confidence interval ( CI) 0.970 to 0.992) and 0.846 (95% CI 0.807 to 0.886), respectively. When the optimal cut-off values were taken, the sensitivity and specificity were 100.0% and 91.2% for the diagnosis of CRC, and 66.0% and 85.3% for the diagnosis of advanced adenoma, respectively. Conclusion:Hs-qFIT can help the early screening of CRC and advanced adenoma.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 27-32, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743335

ABSTRACT

Purpose To examine the expression of Fascin-1 and β-catenin protein and K-ras gene mutation in colorectal adenocarcinoma, and to explore their role in progression of colorectal neoplasm and their relevance. Methods Fascin-1 and β-catenin were analyzed by use of immunohistochemistry En Vision two-step. K-ras gene mutation was detected by ARMS method.Relationship between overexpression of Fascin-1, the nuclear expression of β-catenin, and the mutations of K-ras gene and clinicopathologic parameters was analyzed, the correlation between them was also analyzed. Results In 112 colorectal adenocarcinoma samples, the overexpression rate of Fascin-1 protein was 27.7% (31/112), significantly higher than non-neoplastic mucosa (P < 0.01). The high nuclear expression rate of β-catenin was 29.5% (33/112) in adenocarcinoma and non-neoplastic mucosa respectively with a significant difference between two groups (P < 0.01). High expression rate of Fascin-1 protein and β-catenin were correlated significantly with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.022, P = 0.027), and TNM staging (P =0.042, P = 0.019) in colorectal adenocarcinoma. The overexpression of Fascin-1 protein was correlated with tumor location (P = 0.004). The mutation rate of K-ras gene was 34.8% (39/112), which showed no correlation with age, gender, tumor size, grade of differentiation, lymph node metastasis and TNM staging (P> 0.05). There was a correlation between the overexpressison of Fascin-1 protein, the nuclear expression of β-catenin and the mutation of K-ras gene (rs= 0.252, rs= 0.258, P < 0.05). The overexpression of Fascin-1 protein positively correlated with the nuclear expression of β-catenin (rs= 0.213, P < 0.05). Conclusion Fascin-1 protein and β-catenin protein are involved in invasion and metastasis of colorectal cancer and are associated with K-ras gene mutation. K-ras may promote the overexpression of Fascin-1 by virtue of nuclear expression ofβ-catenin, which provided a new research direction on the treatment of K-ras gene mutated colorectal adenocarcinoma.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 14-18, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743332

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the value of application of D2-40/CD34-CK cocktail antibodies by double immunohistochemical staining for assessment of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) and to determine its prognostic significance in colorectal cancer with insufficient lymph node harvest. Methods Specimens from 133 cases of colorectal cancer with less than 12 lymph nodes were selected. HE staining and double immunohistochemical staining of the cocktail antibodies were performed to compare the difference of the two methods in screening for LVI. The The relationship between LVI confirmed by cocktail antibody immunohistochemical staining and clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival (OS) of patients was analyzed. Results (1) The detection rates of cocktail antibody double immunohistochemical staining and HE staining for LVI were 42.9% (57/133) and 21.8% (29/133) with statistically significant difference (P < 0.001). (2) The presence of LVI confirmed by double staining was significantly associated with Dukes staging, depth of invasion, clinical stages, lymph node metastasis and tumor budding (P < 0.05). (3) The presence of LVI, the location and extent of LVI, and the number of tumor cells in thrombus ≥5.5 for cases with LVI ≤2 clusters, were significantly associated with OS (P < 0.05). Conclusion D2-40/CD34-CK cocktail antibodies double staining is superior to routine HE staining in assessing LVI. LVI is intimately associated with tumor stage, lymph nodes metastasis and tumor budding, and it is an independent prognostic factor for CRC patients. It should be a supplementary examination for these patients with insufficient lymph node harvest.

7.
Journal of Cancer Prevention ; : 48-53, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764295

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) and NELSON trial showed that low-dose chest computed tomography (LDCT) screening significantly reduced the mortality form lung cancer. Although cancer survivors are known to have high risk for second malignant neoplasm (SMN), the usefulness of LDCT screening for lung cancer in cancer survivors is not clear. METHODS: Between August 2016 and August 2017, 633 long-term colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors visited the survivorship clinic in Cancer Prevention Center, Yonsei Cancer Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea. We surveyed the smoking status and recommended LDCT screening to ever-smoking CRC survivors aged 55–80 years. The participants were classified into three risk groups: risk group 1 (RG1) who met the NLST criteria (Age 55–74 years, ≥ 30 pack-years of smoking, smoking cessation < 15 years); risk group 2 (RG2) who would not meet the NLST criteria but were at increased 6-year risk of lung cancer (PLCOM2012 ≥ 0.0151); risk group 3 (RG3) who did not meet any of the criteria above. RESULTS: Among 176 ever-smoking CRC survivors, 173 (98.3%) were male, 32 (18.2%) were current-smoker, and median age was 66 years (range, 55–79 years). We found 38 positive findings (non-calcified nodule ≥ 4 mm), 8 clinically significant findings, 66 minor abnormalities, and 64 negative findings on LDCT. Positive findings were identified in 15 of 79 (19.0%) of RG1, in 9 of 36 (25%) of RG2, and in 14 of 61 (23.0%) of RG3. Second primary lung cancers were found in 2 patients of RG2, and in 1 patient of RG3. SMN was most frequently found in RG2 (11 of 36 patients, 30.6%), compared with RG1 (12.7%) or RG3 (9.8%) (P = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: LDCT screening for lung cancer in Korean CRC survivors is feasible. Well-designed clinical trial for defining high risk patients for lung cancer among CRC survivors is needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Colorectal Neoplasms , Early Detection of Cancer , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Mass Screening , Mortality , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Republic of Korea , Seoul , Smoke , Smoking , Smoking Cessation , Survival Rate , Survivors , Thorax
8.
Intestinal Research ; : 253-264, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764133

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Colorectal cancer incidence among patients aged ≤50 years is increasing. This study aimed to develop and validate an advanced colorectal neoplasm (ACRN) screening model for young adults aged <50 years in Korea. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 59,575 consecutive asymptomatic Koreans who underwent screening colonoscopy between 2003 and 2012 at a single comprehensive health care center. Young Adult Colorectal Screening (YCS) score was developed as an optimized risk stratification model for ACRN using multivariate analysis and was internally validated. The predictive power and diagnostic performance of YCS score was compared with those of Asia-Pacific Colorectal Screening (APCS) and Korean Colorectal Screening (KCS) scores. RESULTS: 41,702 and 17,873 subjects were randomly allocated into the derivation and validation cohorts, respectively, by examination year. ACRN prevalence was 0.9% in both cohorts. YCS score comprised sex, age, alcohol, smoking, obesity, glucose metabolism abnormality, and family history of CRC, with score ranges of 0 to 10. In the validation cohort, ACRN prevalence was 0.6% in the low-risk tier (score, 0–4), 1.5% in the moderate-risk tier (score, 5–7), and 3.4% in the high-risk tier (score, 8–10). ACRN risk increased 2.5-fold (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.8–3.4) in the moderate-risk tier and 5.8-fold (95% CI, 3.4–9.8) in the high-risk tier compared with the low-risk tier. YCS score identified better balanced accuracy (53.9%) than APCS (51.5%) and KCS (50.7%) scores and had relatively good discriminative power (area under the curve=0.660). CONCLUSIONS: YCS score based on clinical and laboratory risk factors was clinically effective and beneficial for predicting ACRN risk and targeting screening colonoscopy in adults aged <50 years.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Young Adult , Cohort Studies , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Comprehensive Health Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Early Detection of Cancer , Glucose , Incidence , Korea , Mass Screening , Metabolism , Multivariate Analysis , Obesity , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking
9.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 7-14, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788050

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between body composition and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC).METHODS: This retrospective study included 110 patients who underwent anthropometric measurement by bioelectrical impedance analysis before surgical treatment for CRC between May 2015 and June 2018.RESULTS: According to PLR, 45 patients (40.9%) had low PLR (PLR<150), and 65 patients (59.1%) had high PLR (PLR≥150). Serum hemoglobin (P<0.001) and albumin levels (P=0.021) were significantly lower in high PLR group. Tumor mass diameter was significantly larger in high PLR group (P=0.048) and the proportion of poorly differentiated or mucinous tumors was significantly higher in high PLR group (P=0.037). All indices related to fat (body fat mass, percent body fat, body fat mass of trunk, visceral fat area, fat mass index, measured fat thickness of abdomen) and two indices related to muscle (arm muscle circumference, measured muscle circumference of abdomen) were significantly lower in high PLR group (P<0.05). According to subgroup analysis based on the sex, all indices significantly differed between PLR groups; however, in females no index was significantly different between PLR groups.CONCLUSION: Body composition indices including fat and muscle indices measured by InBody 770 were related to PLR in CRC, especially in male patients. These results suggest that low muscle and fat indices may be related to poor prognosis of CRC.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adipose Tissue , Body Composition , Colorectal Neoplasms , Electric Impedance , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Mucins , Nutrition Assessment , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
10.
Journal of Digestive Cancer Report ; (2): 1-4, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787288

ABSTRACT

It is important to choose the appropriate treatment option for patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), because it could affect the prognosis of patients. Chemotherapy is effective in prolonging survival and time to progression in patients with advanced CRC. Adjuvant chemotherapy have been reported to reduce the recurrence rate of colorectal cancer by 30% in patients with stage 3 or high risk of stage 2 CRC. Although palliative chemotherapy does not offer long-term benefits, as life expectancy remains below 12 months in most of those receiving treatment, recent developments in the treatment including target agents and immunotherapy have improved the median overall survival time in patients with metastatic CRC by up to 30 months. Chemotherapy for patients with CRC is classified into neoadjuvant, adjuvant, and palliative therapy according to the status of patients. In this review, I summarized the chemotherapy for patients with CRC, which applying in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colorectal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Immunotherapy , Life Expectancy , Palliative Care , Prognosis , Recurrence
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 666-672, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797582

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the status of domestic surgical treatment of synchronous peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer in China.@*Methods@#Clinicopathological data of patients who underwent surgery from October 2003 to October 2018 in 16 domestic medical centers was retrospectively analyzed. Excel database was created which covered 77 fields of 7 parts: baseline information of patients, laboratory tests, imaging tests, chemoradiotherapy information, intra-operative findings, postoperative pathology and follow-up data. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for comparison of the measurement data between groups. The χ2 test was used for comparison of the categorical data between groups. The survival curve was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method.@*Results@#Of the 1 003 patients, there were 575 male and 428 female patients with the age of (58.5±14.1) years (range: 18 to 92 years). In a total of 920 patients, the carcinoma of sigmoid colon was performed in 292 cases (31.8%) with the highest ratio. The proportion of patients with liver metastasis and lung metastasis were 27.9% (219/784) and 8.3% (64/769). Preoperative detection of carcino-embryonic antigen level was the most common method in China (87.74%, 880/1 003), and the positive rate was 64.5% (568/880). The correct rate of preoperative imaging tests was 40.7% (280/688). The ratio of peritoneal carcinomatosis index (PCI) scores between 0 and 10 was the highest (59.6%, 170/285). Two hundred and sixty-two (27.0%) patients were performed by totally laparoscopic operation in 971 patients. The resection of primary tumor was performed in 588 of the 817 patients (72.0%). In a total of 457 cases, 253 (55.4%) patients were performed cytoreduction which group scored completeness of cytoreduction (CCR) 0. The postoperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy was implemented in 70 of the 334 cases (21.0%). Among 1 003 cases, 562 cases (56.03%) had complete follow-up data and the median overall survival was 15 months. The primary tumor resection and the CCR scores were affected by the PCI scores. The patients underwent primary tumor resection (187/205 vs. 26/80, χ2=105.085, P=0.000) and the patients were performed cytoreduction which scored CCR 0 or CCR 1 (162/204 vs. 8/78, Z=-10.465, P=0.000) had significant difference between the groups of PCI<20 and ≥20. There was a close correlation between the surgical method and the CCR scores (Z=-3.246,P=0.001).When the maximum degree of tumor reduction was planned, most surgeons would choose laparotomy. The overall survival time was longer in patients with primary tumor resection (P=0.000). The median survival time was 18.6 months in the group of primary tumor resection.@*Conclusions@#It is difficult to diagnose the synchronous peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer before the operation. Primary tumor resection has an obvious effect to prolong the survival time. It is necessary to standardize the treatment of peritoneal metastasis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 889-892, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797100

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the application of urinary 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)detection in screening and identification of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 500 high-risk patients(including 22 cases with colorectal cancer, 134 cases with adenomatous polyps, and 344 cases with other patients) at the First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University from January 2018 to October 2018 were collected. High performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) was used to detect urinary 5-ALA and fecal occult blood test was used to detect faeces. Sensitivity and specificity of two methods was compared. At the same time, urine samples of 431 cases(including 22 cases with colorectal cancer, 134 cases with adenomatous polyps and 275 cases with colorectal normal mucosa)were collected, and the difference of the content of urinary 5-ALA among three groups was compared.@*Results@#The sensitivity of urinary 5-ALA for the colorectal cancer screening was74.9%, and the specificity was 72.5%. The sensitivity of urinary 5-ALA for the adenomatous polyps screening was 70.1%, and the specificity was75.0%. The sensitivity of fecal occult blood test for the colorectal cancer screening was 63.6%, and the specificity was 62.1%. The sensitivity of fecal occult blood test for the adenomatous polyps screening was 42.3%, and the specificity was 62.5%. The content of urinary 5-ALA of the colorectal cancer group [(9.35 ± 0.46) μmol/g] was significantly higher than that of the adenomatous polyps group [(7.24 ± 0.64) μmol/g] (P < 0.05) and normal colorectal mucosa group [(3.12 ± 0.24) μmol/g] (P < 0.05), and the content of urinary 5-ALA of the adenomatous polyps group was significantly higher than that of colorectal normal mucosa group (P < 0.05).@*Conclusions@#For screening of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps, the content of urinary 5-ALA by HPLC is better than fecal occult blood test, and this approach can do great help to identify colorectal cancer, adenomatous polyps and normal colorectal mucosa.

13.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 889-892, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790202

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the application of urinary 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) detection in screening and identification of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps. Methods The clinical data of 500 high-risk patients(including 22 cases with colorectal cancer, 134 cases with adenomatous polyps, and 344 cases with other patients) at the First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University from January 2018 to October 2018 were collected. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to detect urinary 5-ALA and fecal occult blood test was used to detect faeces. Sensitivity and specificity of two methods was compared. At the same time, urine samples of 431 cases (including 22 cases with colorectal cancer, 134 cases with adenomatous polyps and 275 cases with colorectal normal mucosa)were collected, and the difference of the content of urinary 5-ALA among three groups was compared. Results The sensitivity of urinary 5-ALA for the colorectal cancer screening was 74.9% , and the specificity was 72.5% . The sensitivity of urinary 5-ALA for the adenomatous polyps screening was 70.1% , and the specificity was75.0% . The sensitivity of fecal occult blood test for the colorectal cancer screening was 63.6% , and the specificity was 62.1% . The sensitivity of fecal occult blood test for the adenomatous polyps screening was 42.3%, and the specificity was 62.5%. The content of urinary 5-ALA of the colorectal cancer group [(9.35 ± 0.46) μmol/g] was significantly higher than that of the adenomatous polyps group [(7.24 ± 0.64) μmol/g] (P<0.05) and normal colorectal mucosa group [(3.12 ± 0.24) μmol/g] (P<0.05), and the content of urinary 5-ALA of the adenomatous polyps group was significantly higher than that of colorectal normal mucosa group (P<0.05). Conclusions For screening of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps, the content of urinary 5-ALA by HPLC is better than fecal occult blood test, and this approach can do great help to identify colorectal cancer, adenomatous polyps and normal colorectal mucosa.

14.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 144-148, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700177

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of aloe-emodin on Akt/mTOR,apoptosis and migration of autophagy-related pathway in colorectal cancer LOVO cells. Methods The LOVO cells were divided into control group(normal culture),low dose group(LOVO cells+10 μmol/L aloe-emodin culture 30 min), medium dose group (LOVO cells + 30 μmol/L aloe-emodin culture 30 min) and high dose group (LOVO cells + 50 μmol/L aloe veratin culture 30 min). The cell proliferation rate was measured by CCk-8 method at 24,48 and 72 h respectively. The apoptotic rate of each group was detected by flow cytometry. The migration ability of each group was detected by Transwell chamber. Western blot was used to detect the expression of IC3-Ⅰ,IC3-Ⅱ,Beclin-1,mTOR,p-mTOR,Akt and p-Akt.Results Compared with that of the control group,the cell rate,migration ability and apoptosis rate of the low dose group was not significantly changed(P>0.05).The cell rate and migration ability of the medium and high dose groups was significantly decreased and the apoptosis rate was significantly increased:0.43 ± 0.03,0.59 ± 0.04 vs.0.16 ± 0.00;0.57 ± 0.07,1.06 ± 0.17 vs.0.34 ± 0.02;0.37 ± 0.02, 0.49 ± 0.01 vs.0.13 ± 0.00,P<0.05,there was dose dependent(P<0.05).Compared with those of the control group,the expressions of IC3-Ⅰ,IC3-Ⅱ,Beclin-1,mTOR,p-mTOR,Akt and p-Akt in the low dose group showed no significant change(P>0.05),those were decreased in middle and high dose groups which showed significant differences:0.85 ± 0.08,0.37 ± 0.02 vs.2.08 ± 0.07;1.42 ± 0.09,1.19 ± 0.02 vs.1.97 ± 0.11;0.97 ± 0.00,0.84 ± 0.06 vs.1.19 ± 0.02;0.43 ± 0.02,0.31 ± 0.01 vs.0.98 ± 0.08,P<0.05, there were dose dependent (P < 0.05). Conclusions Aloe-emodin can promote autophagy, apoptosis there inhibit the growth,migration of colorectal cancer LOVO cells by reducing the expression of Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and reducing its phosphorylation level.

15.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 624-631, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695723

ABSTRACT

Objective·To evaluate the value of texture analysis in the discrimination of colorectal cancer (CRC) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Methods?·?The CT images of 61 CRC patients, 62 UC patients and 42 control objects were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients were pathologically proved and performed triphasic contrast-enhanced CT scan: non-enhanced phase (NP), the arterial phase (AP) and the enteric phase (EP). The region of interest was drawn along the abnormal bowel wall’s edge in each scan phase and texture features were generated by MaZda software. Based on 3 texture feature selection methods, the optimal subsets were generated and analyzed by 6 texture feature classification methods. The results were shown by misclassification rate (MCR). To compare the performance of texture-based classification and human visual classification, two radiologists with more than 10 years of gastrointestinal disease diagnostic experience analyzed the data. Results?·?The texture analysis based average MCR of differentiation between CRC and UC was (28.42±6.89)%, (28.19±4.07)%, (19.10±3.58)% in NP, AP, EP respectively. Compared with other texture feature classification methods, nonlinear discriminant analysis (NDA) was more accurate. In EP, NDA achieved an excellent classification result (MCR=12.61%). The average MCR between CRC and normally dilated bowel wall (NOR) was (13.33±7.21)%, (15.49±5.47)%, (6.74±3.02)%, while the average MCR between UC and NOR was (19.26±4.68)%, (20.04±6.63)%, (16.74±6.36)% in NP, AP and EP respectively. For visual classification between CRC and UC, the average MCR was (40.48±3.21)%, (35.71±1.60)%, (26.43±1.15)% in NP, AP, EP respectively. But the MCR of texture classification was lower than that of human vision classification, and computer texture classification had higher differential diagnosis rate. Conclusion?·?The CT-based texture analysis could be a feasible supplementary method to differentiate CRC from UC. NDA is more accurate than other classification methods, especially in EP.

16.
Intestinal Research ; : 358-365, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715885

ABSTRACT

In the past two decades, besides conventional adenoma pathway, a subset of colonic lesions, including hyperplastic polyps, sessile serrated adenoma/polyps, and traditional serrated adenomas have been suggested as precancerous lesions via the alternative serrated neoplasia pathway. Major molecular alterations of sessile serrated neoplasia include BRAF mutation, high CpG island methylator phenotype, and escape of cellular senescence and progression via methylation of tumor suppressor genes or mismatch repair genes. With increasing information of the morphologic and molecular features of serrated lesions, one major challenge is how to reflect this knowledge in clinical practice, such as pathologic and endoscopic diagnosis, and guidelines for treatment and surveillance.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Carcinogenesis , Cellular Senescence , Colon , Colorectal Neoplasms , CpG Islands , Diagnosis , DNA Mismatch Repair , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Methylation , Phenotype , Polyps , United Nations
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 81-85, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737921

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of colorectal cancer screening in the general population in Guangzhou,and provide evidence for the for development of colorectal cancer screening policy and strategy.Methods The data of colorectal cancer screening in Guangzhou during 2015-2016 were collected.The participation,the positive rate of fecal occult blood test,the detection rate of colonoscopy and screening effect of colonoscopy were evaluated.Results A total of 220 834 residents aged 50-74 years received the screening,and the positive rate of the screening was 16.77% (37 040 cases).Colonoscopy was performed for 7 821 cases (21.12%).Colorectal lesions were found in 4 126 cases (52.76%),of which 614 (7.85%) and 73 (0.93%) and 230 (2.94%) were identified as advanced adenoma,severe dysplasia lesions and colorectal cancers,respectively.The detection rates of all colorectal lesions were higher in men than in women (all P<0.01).The diagnostic rate of early lesion was 87.24%,and 99 early cancer cases were found,accounting for 46.26% of the total cases.The overall screening detection rate of colorectal cancer was 104.15/100 000,higher than the incidence rate (81.18/100 000) in colorectal cancer surveillance (P<0.001),but age group <70 years had higher detection rate,age group ≥70 years had higher incidence rate.Conclusions The colorectal cancer screening strategy in Guangzhou is effective in the detection of the population at high risk,increase the detection rate of colorectal lesions,early diagnosis rate of precancerous lesions and diagnosis rate of early colorectal cancer.The benefit in those aged ≤69 years was more obvious than that in those aged 70-74 years.It is necessary to improve the compliancy of colorectal cancer screening in population at high risk.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 81-85, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736453

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of colorectal cancer screening in the general population in Guangzhou,and provide evidence for the for development of colorectal cancer screening policy and strategy.Methods The data of colorectal cancer screening in Guangzhou during 2015-2016 were collected.The participation,the positive rate of fecal occult blood test,the detection rate of colonoscopy and screening effect of colonoscopy were evaluated.Results A total of 220 834 residents aged 50-74 years received the screening,and the positive rate of the screening was 16.77% (37 040 cases).Colonoscopy was performed for 7 821 cases (21.12%).Colorectal lesions were found in 4 126 cases (52.76%),of which 614 (7.85%) and 73 (0.93%) and 230 (2.94%) were identified as advanced adenoma,severe dysplasia lesions and colorectal cancers,respectively.The detection rates of all colorectal lesions were higher in men than in women (all P<0.01).The diagnostic rate of early lesion was 87.24%,and 99 early cancer cases were found,accounting for 46.26% of the total cases.The overall screening detection rate of colorectal cancer was 104.15/100 000,higher than the incidence rate (81.18/100 000) in colorectal cancer surveillance (P<0.001),but age group <70 years had higher detection rate,age group ≥70 years had higher incidence rate.Conclusions The colorectal cancer screening strategy in Guangzhou is effective in the detection of the population at high risk,increase the detection rate of colorectal lesions,early diagnosis rate of precancerous lesions and diagnosis rate of early colorectal cancer.The benefit in those aged ≤69 years was more obvious than that in those aged 70-74 years.It is necessary to improve the compliancy of colorectal cancer screening in population at high risk.

19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 412-417, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806724

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of antimicrobial peptide LL-37 secreted by stromal cells on the growth of colorectal cancer cells.@*Methods@#Colorectal cancer cells SW480 or HCT116 were co-cultured with human macrophages using Transwell® maxicell inserts to mimic the tumor microenvironment. The effect of macrophages on the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells was detected by Bromodeoxyuridine and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (BrdU-ELISA). The expression of LL-37 mRNA and protein in macrophages and colorectal cancer cells was evaluated by reverse transcription-real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blot. LL-37 neutralizing antibody was added to abrogate the LL-37 activation. Additionally, macrophages were transfected with LL-37 shRNA plasmids to inhibit LL-37 expression. And then, the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells was observed. Furthermore, the growth-related signaling pathways were detected by Western blot.@*Results@#The BrdU-ELISA results showed that the absorbance of SW480 cells increased from 1.072±0.097 to 5.121±0.407 after co-culture (P<0.001), and that of HCT116 cells increased from 1.229±0.073 to 3.495±0.228 (P<0.001). RT-qPCR results showed that LL-37 mRNA expression in macrophages significantly increased from 2.682±0.191 to 6.117±0.768 after co-incubation (P<0.05), whereas that in SW480 had no significant difference. Consistently the protein expression of LL-37 in macrophages was significantly increased by Western blot, while it did not change in SW480. The proliferation rate of SW480 cells was repressed by adding LL-37 neutralizing antibody or LL-37 shRNA plasmid. Furthermore, Western blot analysis showed that the expression of non-phosphorylated (activated) β-catenin and its target genes cyclin D1 as well as c-myc were distinctly increased in co-cultured SW480 cells, which could be reversed by anti-LL-37 antibodies.@*Conclusion@#Macrophages promote the in vitro proliferation of colorectal cancer cells by enhancing the expression and secretion of antimicrobial peptides LL-37, and it seems that LL-37 activates colorectal cancer cells via Wnt/β-catenin pathway.

20.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 83-88, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788041

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Double primary colorectal cancer (CRC) and gastric cancer (GC) represent the most common multiple primary malignant tumors (MPMT) in Korea. The recognition and screening of hidden malignancies other than the primary cancer are critical. This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics and survival rates in patients with synchronous or metachronous double primary CRC and GC.METHODS: Between January 1994 and May 2018, 11,050 patients were diagnosed with CRC (n=5,454) or GC (n=5,596) at Gil Medical Center. MPMT and metastatic malignant tumors were excluded from this study. A total of 103 patients with double primary CRC and GC were divided into two groups: the synchronous group (n=40) and the metachronous group (n=63). The incidence, clinicopathologic characteristics, and survival rate of the two groups were analyzed.RESULTS: The incidence of synchronous and metachronous double primary CRC and GC was 0.93%. Double primary CRC and GC commonly occurred in male patients aged over 60 years with low comorbidities and minimal previous cancer history. There were significant differences between the synchronous and metachronous groups in terms of age, morbidity, and overall survival. Metachronous group patients were 6 years younger on average (P=0.009), had low comorbidities (P=0.008), and showed a higher 5-year overall survival rate (94.8% and 61.3%, P < 0.001) in contrast to synchronous group.CONCLUSION: When primary cancer (CRC or GC) is detected, it is important to be aware of the possibility of the second primary cancer (GC or CRC) development at that time or during follow-up to achieve early detection and better prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Colorectal Neoplasms , Comorbidity , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Korea , Mass Screening , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms , Survival Rate
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