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2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 480-491, junio 14, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378833

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colelitiasis tiene una prevalencia del 15 % y el 21 % tendrá coledocolitiasis al momento de la colecistectomía, con 50 % de probabilidad de presentar complicaciones asociadas. Desde el advenimiento de la colecistectomía laparoscópica, el abordaje de la coledocolitiasis ha sido endoscópico, usualmente en un tiempo diferente al vesicular, sin embargo, los avances en laparoscopia han permitido explorar la vía biliar común por la misma vía, pudiendo realizar ambos procedimientos en el mismo tiempo de forma segura. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura existente con relación al enfoque para el manejo de la colecisto-coledocolitasis en un paso comparado con dos pasos. Resultados. Existe evidencia que demuestra mayor efectividad del abordaje en dos pasos, con CPRE y posterior colecistectomía laparoscópica, sobre el abordaje en un paso, especialmente en la tasa de fuga biliar y de cálculos retenidos. El enfoque en un paso con exploración de vías biliares y colecistectomía laparoscópica en el mismo tiempo es seguro, con alta tasa de éxito, baja incidencia de complicaciones, menor estancia hospitalaria y costos. Conclusión. El abordaje laparoscópico en un solo paso es un procedimiento seguro y eficaz para el manejo de la colecisto-coledocolitiasis, con el beneficio de estancia hospitalaria menor, sin embargo, se requieren habilidades técnicas avanzadas en cirugía laparoscópica. En nuestro medio ya existe una infraestructura para el manejo híbrido con CPRE y colecistectomía laparoscópica, pudiéndose realizar ambos en el mismo tiempo, para reducir estancia y costos.


Introduction. Cholelithiasis has a prevalence of 15%, and 21% will have choledocholithiasis at the time of cholecystectomy, with a 50% probability of presenting associated complications. Since the advent of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the approach to choledocholithiasis has been endoscopic, normative at a different time than the gallbladder; however, advances in laparoscopy have made it possible to explore the common bile duct by the same route, being able to perform both procedures in a single time safely. Methods. A search of the existing literature was performed regarding the one-step approach compared to the two-step approach for the management of cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Results. There is evidence that demonstrates greater effectiveness of the two-step approach with ERCP and subsequent laparoscopic cholecystectomy over the one-step approach, especially in the rate of bile leak and the incidence of retained stones. The one-step approach with bile duct exploration and laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the same time is safe, with a high success rate, low incidence of complications, shorter hospital stay, and lower costs. Conclusion. The one-step laparoscopic approach is a safe and effective procedure for the management cholelithiasis and concomitant choledocholithiasis, with the benefit of a shorter hospital stay; however, advanced technical skills in laparoscopic surgery are required. In our environment there is already an infrastructure for hybrid management with ERCP and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, both of which can be performed at the same time to reduce hospital stay and costs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts , Cholelithiasis , Choledocholithiasis , Cholecystectomy , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Laparoscopy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932759

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of internal drainage tube and T tube in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration.Methods:The data of 103 patients who underwent laparoscopic common bile duct exploration for the treatment of choledocholithiasis from January 2016 to April 2021 in Dongguan Kanghua Hospital were analyzed, including 50 males and 53 females, aged (50.3±17.2) years old, the age range was 15 to 90 years old. A total of 103 patients were randomly divided into T tube group ( n=60), who received laparoscopic cholecystectomy + choledocholithotomy and stone removal+ T tube drainage, and self-dropping stent group ( n=43), who received laparoscopic cholecystectomy + choledocholithotomy and stone removal + placed with self-dropping stent. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage, postoperative hospital stay and incidence of postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. Results:The operation time of self-dropping stent group was (107.2±26.1) min, intraoperative blood loss 10(5, 10) ml, and postoperative hospital stay (6.5±3.5) d, which were better than those of T tube group (143.5±52.7) min, 10(10, 20) ml, (8.8±3.8) d, the differences were statistically significant (both P<0.05). There were no significant difference in postoperative drainage volume and postoperative complications between the two groups (both P>0.05). Conclusion:The internal drainage tube in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration is a safe and reliable surgical method for the treatment of choledocholithiasis, which can significantly shorten the hospitalization time of patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932751

ABSTRACT

Pancreaticobiliary maljunction means the common bile duct and the main pancreatic duct in the duodenal wall, or is the formation of a long common channel leading to biliopancreatic reflux, resulting a series of biliopancreatic diseases, and even the occurrence of biliary malignancy. The pathogenesis of pancreaticobiliary maljunction is complex, involving biliary fluid dynamics, the activation of phospholipase A2, protease activation, amino acids, fat metabolism, gene mutation. This paper summarized the latest study of the pathogenesis of the pancreaticobiliary maljunction to let clinicians understand pancreaticobiliary maljunction diseases, and provide new treatment ideas.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927877

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration in the treatment of common bile duct stones. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted for 158 patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis admitted to the Number One Hospital of Zhangjiakou from January 2015 to December 2019.The patients were assigned into three groups according to the diameters of cystic duct and common bile duct,degrees of abdominal infection and tissue edema,and operation method.Group A(16 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,transcystic choledochoscopic exploration for stone removal;Group B(94 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,common bile duct incision exploration combined with choledochoscopy for stone removal,T tube drainage;Group C(48 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,common bile duct incision exploration combined with choledochoscopy for stone removal,primary closure of the common bile duct.The operation time,residual rate of stones,and complication(bleeding,bile leakage,and wound infection) rate were compared between groups. Results The operation time of groups A,B,and C was(95.1±14.7),(102.2±18.1),(110.1±16.4) minutes,respectively,which showed no statistical difference between each other(F=0.020,P=0.887).One case in group A had residual stones,while no residual stone appeared in groups B and C.The overall stone clearance rate was 99.4% and the overall complication rate was 1.9%.There was no perioperative death. Conclusion It is generally safe and effective to carry out laparoscopic cholecystectomy and common bile duct exploration for stone removal in suitable populations.


Subject(s)
Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Common Bile Duct/surgery , Gallstones/surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 652-655, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346521

ABSTRACT

Resumen La hemofilia adquirida A es un desorden hemorrágico inusual de origen autoinmune que resulta en la formación de autoanticuerpos dirigidos contra el factor VIII de la coagulación. Estos autoanticuer pos pueden actuar neutralizando parcial o completamente la activación o función del factor, o también pueden acelerar su eliminación de la circulación. La incidencia mundial de la enfermedad es de 1.5 casos por millón de habitantes por año. En cerca del 50% de los pacientes se puede detectar una enfermedad subyacente que se presume responsable de la producción de los autoanticuerpos. Se presenta el caso de un varón con hemofilia adquirida A, en contexto de adenocarcinoma de la ampolla de Vater.


Abstract Acquired hemophilia A is an unusual bleeding disorder of autoimmune origin resulting in the formation of autoantibodies directed against coagulation factor VIII. These autoantibodies can act by partially or completely neutralizing the activation or function of the factor, or they can also accelerate its elimination from the circulation. The global incidence of the disease is 1.5 cases per million inhabitants per year. In nearly 50% of cases, an underlying disease that is presumed responsible to produce autoantibodies can be detected. We report a case with acquired hemophilia A, in a patient with Vater's ampulla adenocarcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ampulla of Vater , Adenocarcinoma/complications , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Common Bile Duct Neoplasms , Hemophilia A/complications , Hemophilia A/diagnosis , Autoantibodies
8.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 62-72, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288175

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la prevalencia conjunta de litiasis vesicular y coledociana aumenta con la edad y llega al 15% en la octava década de la vida. Su manejo continúa siendo controvertido: algunos profesionales prefieren el abordaje en un tiempo por videolaparoscopia, y otros, el abordaje en dos tiempos con endoscopia (CPRE preoperatoria) seguida de colecistectomía laparoscópica. Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia y seguridad del manejo en un tiempo por videolaparoscopia en pacientes consecutivos con diagnóstico de litiasis vesicular y coledociana. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo con datos de una base de datos prospectiva, entre julio de 2008 y julio de 2018. Resultados: sobre un total de 2447 colecistectomías laparoscópicas realizadas en el citado período, 416 (17%) presentaron litiasis coledociana. El éxito global de la vía transcística en la extracción de litiasis coledociana fue del 81,2%: del 70,4% en los casos con diagnóstico prequirúrgico de colestasis extrahepática litiásica y del 92,9% en los otros diagnósticos. La morbilidad fue del 4%, sin mortalidad ni lesiones quirúrgicas de la vía biliar. Conclusión : el manejo en un tiempo por videolaparoscopia es eficaz y seguro debido al elevado éxito global de la instrumentación transcística (ITC). El diagnóstico preoperatorio de coledocolitiasis condi ciona una disminución de esa eficacia, por mayor indicación de coledocotomía, con un aumento de la morbilidad y del tiempo de internación.


ABSTRACT Background: The prevalence of common bile duct stones associated with cholelithiasis increases with age and is about 15 % in the 8th decade of life but its management is still controversial. Some surgeons prefer the single-stage approach with laparoscopy while others suggest the two-stage management with preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of feasibility of single-stage laparoscopic surgery in patients with cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective study with prospectively collected data between July 2008 and July 2018. Results: Of 2447 laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed during the study period, 416 presented common bile duct stones. The global success of the transcystic approach to clear common bile duct stones was 81.2%, 70.4% in the cases with preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis and 92.9% for other diagnoses. The rate of complications was 4% without deaths or bile duct injuries. Conclusion: Single-stage laparoscopic surgery is an efficient and safe approach based on the high global success of transcystic exploration. The preoperative diagnosis of choledocholithiasis reduces the efficacy of the procedure due to greater indication of choledocotomy, with complications and longer length of hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Laparoscopy , Cholelithiasis , Efficacy , Retrospective Studies , Choledocholithiasis , Endoscopy
9.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 301-311, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223994

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La coledocolitiasis es la presencia de cálculos en las vías biliares. En la mayoría de los casos se trata mediante la colangio pancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica y menos comúnmente por intervención quirúrgica laparoscópica. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir una cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes sometidos a exploración laparoscópica de la vía biliar. Métodos. Se incluyeron pacientes intervenidos entre los años 2014 y 2018, en dos instituciones de nivel III en Cali, Colombia, referidos para valoración por cirugía hepatobiliar, por dificultad para la extracción de los cálculos por colangio pancreatografia retrograda endoscópica, debido al tamaño, la cantidad, o la dificultad para identificar o canular la papila duodenal. Resultados. De los 100 pacientes incluidos, se encontró que el 72 % fueron mujeres, con rango de edad entre 14 y 92 años. Al 39 % de los pacientes se les extrajo un solo cálculo y al 16 % 10 cálculos. Un 12 % presentaron cálculos gigantes (mayores de 2,5 cm de ancho) y un 44 % presentaron litiasis múltiple. Al 69 % de los pacientes se les realizó colecistectomía. El porcentaje de éxito de limpieza de la vía biliar por laparoscopia fue del 95 %.Discusión. La exploración laparoscópica de la vía biliar es una técnica posible, reproducible, segura y con excelentes resultados para el manejo de la coledocolitiasis


Introduction. Choledocholithiasis is the presence of stones in the bile ducts. In most cases it is treated by endoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreatography and less commonly by laparoscopic surgery. The objective of this study was to describe a retrospective cohort of patients who underwent laparoscopic exploration of the bile duct.Methods. The study included patients operated between 2014 and 2018, in two level III institutions in Cali, Colombia, referred for evaluation for hepato-biliary surgery, due to difficulty in removing stones by endoscopic retrograde pancreatography cholangiography, due to the size, quantity, or difficulty of identifying or cannulating the duodenal papilla. Results. Out of the 100 patients included, it was found that 72% were women, with an age range between 14 and 92 years. A single stone was removed from 39% of patients and 10 stones from 16%; 12% had giant stones (greater than 2.5 cm wide), and 44% had multiple stones; 69% of the patients underwent cholecystectomy. Laparoscopic bile duct cleaning success rate was 95%. Discussion. Laparoscopic exploration of the bile duct is a possible, reproducible, and a safe technique with excellent results for the management of choledocholithiasis


Subject(s)
Humans , Common Bile Duct , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Laparoscopy , Choledocholithiasis
10.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 324-333, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223998

ABSTRACT

La colecistectomía laparoscópica es uno de los procedimientos más realizados a nivel mundial. La técnica laparoscópica se considera el estándar de oro para la resolución de la patología de la vesícula biliar secundaria a litiasis, y aunque es un procedimiento seguro, no se encuentra exenta de complicaciones. La complicación más grave es la lesión de la vía biliar, que, aunque es poco frecuente, con una incidencia de 0,2 a 0,4%, conduce a una disminución en la calidad de vida y contribuye a un aumento en la morbi-mortalidad. El objetivo de este artículo es reportar nuestra técnica quirúrgica, enfatizando los principios del programa de cultura para una colecistectomía segura, propuesta y descrita por the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES), para minimizar los riesgos y obtener un resultado quirúrgico satisfactorio


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most performed procedures worldwide. The laparoscopic technique is considered the gold standard for the resolution of gallbladder pathology secondary to lithiasis, and although it is a safe procedure, it is not without complications. The most serious complication is the injury to the bile duct, which, although rare, with an incidence of 0.2% to 0.4%, leads to a decrease in quality of life and contributes to an increase in morbidity and mortality. The objective of this article is to report our surgical technique, emphaszing the principles of the program for a safe cholecystectomy, proposed and described by the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES), to minimize the risks and obtain a satisfactory surgical result


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Common Bile Duct , Patient Safety , Intraoperative Complications
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908450

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for common bile duct calculi recurrence and application value of its prediction model after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreato-graphy (ERCP) .Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopatholo-gical data of 506 patients with common bile duct calculi who were admitted to the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from January 2015 to December 2017 for ERCP routine treatment were collected. There were 251 males and 255 females, aged (59±15)years. Patients received ERCP for common bile duct calculi. Observation indicators: (1) clinicopathological data of patients with common bile duct calculi; (2) risk factors for common bile duct calculi recurrence after ERCP; (3) establishment of prediction model for common bile duct calculi recurrence after ERCP. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Count data were represented as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Univariate and multivariate analysis were conducted using the COX proportional hazard model. The prediction model for the recurrence of common bile duct stones after ERCP was established according to the coefficient of regression equation. The receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) was drawed for efficiency evaluation with area under curve (AUC). Results:(1) Clinicopathological data of patients with common bile duct calculi: 104 of 506 patients with common bile duct calculi had recurrence and 402 had no recurrence. There were significant differences in the age, hyperlipidemia, common bile duct diameter, distal bile duct stricture, the number of calculi, gallbladder status, history of biliary tract surgery, endoscopic spinecterotomy, postoperative drainage mode between patients with and without recurrence ( Z=?2.844, χ2=6.243, Z=?2.897, χ2=11.631, 4.617, 16.589, 18.679, 2.070, 50.274, P<0.05). (2) Risk factors for common bile duct calculi recurrence after ERCP: Results of univariate analysis showed that age, time of first attack, hyperlipidemia, common bile duct diameter, distal bile duct stricture, the number of calculi, the maximum calculi diameter, gallbladder status, history of biliary tract surgery and postoperative biliary drainage mode were related factors for common bile duct calculi recurrence after ERCP ( hazard ratio=1.656, 2.179, 1.712, 1.657, 2.497, 1.509, 1.971, 2.635, 3.649,95% confidence interval as 1.113?2.463, 1.135?4.184, 1.122?2.644, 1.030?2.663, 1.501?4.154, 1.025?2.220, 1.122?3.464, 1.645?4.221, 1.575?8.456, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that time of first attack <30 days, hyperlipidemia, distal bile duct stricture, history of biliary tract surgery and postoperative biliary drainage mode as cholangiopancreatic stent were independent risk factors for common bile duct calculi recurrence after ERCP ( hazard ratio=2.332, 1.676, 2.088, 2.566, 3.712, 95% confidence interval as 1.089?4.998, 1.060?2.649, 1.189?3.668, 1.456?4.521, 1.296?10.635, P<0.05). (3) Establishment of prediction model for common bile duct calculi recurrence after ERCP: based on multivariate analysis, indicators including time of first attack <30 days, hyperlipidemia, distal bile duct stricture, history of biliary tract surgery and postoperative biliary drainage mode as cholangiopancreatic stent were included into the coefficient of regression equation, and the prediction model for common bile duct calculi recurrence after ERCP was established: ln[(λ(t))/(λ 0(t))]=0.847×time of first attack+0.516×hyperlipidemia+0.736×distal bile duct stricture+0.942×history of biliary tract surgery+1.312×cholangiopancreatic stent. The perfor-mance evaluation showed that the AUC of ROC of prediction model was 0.757 (95% confidence interval as 0.713?0.811, P<0.05), and the optimal cut-off value was 1.41, the sensitivity and specificity were 69.2% and 72.9% respectively. Conclusions:The time of first attack <30 days, hyperlipidemia, distal bile duct stricture, history of biliary tract surgery and postoperative biliary drainage mode as cholangiopancreatic stent are independent risk factors for common bile duct calculi recurrence after ERCP. Patients with evaluation score >1.41 in prediction model were at high risk for common bile duct calculi recurrence after ERCP.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 659-663, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) combined with common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) on pain stress and inflammatory factors in elderly patients with gallbladder stones and common bile duct stones.Methods:Eighty elderly patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis in Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from January 2020 to January 2021 were selected. According to the surgical method, they were divided into observation group of 40 cases and control group of 40 cases. Patients in the observation group were treated with LC combined with LCBDE, and patients in the control group were treated with traditional open surgery. The perioperative indicators and complications, changes in pain stress and inflammatory factors before and 3 days after operation, and the quality of life before operation, 1 month after operation and 6 months after operation were compared between the two groups. Normally distributed measurement data were represented by mean±standard deviation ( Mean± SD), and t test was used to compare between groups. The chi-square test was used to compare the count data between groups. Results:The operation time, time to get out of bed, postoperative exhaust time, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative complications in the observation group were (98.39±7.23) min, (1.56±0.37) d, (1.29±0.28) d, (38.94±5.64) mL, 5%, the control group were (107.53±9.98) min, (2.53±0.52) d, (2.16±0.34) d, (65.87±7.96) mL, 25%, the observation group were excellent in all indicators compared with the control group, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After operation 3rd day, the serum 5-hydroxytryptamine, substance P and norepinephrine in the two groups were higher than before operation ( P<0.05); after operation 3rd day, serum 5-hydroxytryptamine, substance P and norepinephrine the observation group were (0.70±0.12) pg/mL, (175.42±17.87) ng/mL and (378.52±26.57) ng/mL, the control group were (1.02±0.18) pg/mL, (248.98±18.98) ng/mL, and (460.92±35.42) ng/mL. The indexes of the observation group were smaller than those of the control group, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After operation 3rd day, the serum tumor necrosis factor-α, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in the two groups were higher than before operation ( P<0.05); after operation 3rd day, Serum tumor necrosis factor-α, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in the observation group were (108.76±10.86) pg/mL, (14.23±3.18) mg/L and (17.84±3.98) pg/mL, respectively, on the 3rd day after operation. The control group were (156.95±16.67) pg/mL, (26.52±4.59) mg/L and (28.53±5.67) pg/mL, the observation group indexes were all smaller than control group, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The quality of life scores of the two groups at 1 month and 6 months after the operation were higher than before operation ( P<0.05); The quality of life scores of patients in the observation group at 1 month and 6 months after surgery were higher than control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:LC combined with LCBDE treatment has little effect on pain stress and inflammatory factors in elderly patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis, and has fewer postoperative complications, and can improve the quality of life of patients.

13.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 655-659,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the usefulness and advantages of needle-type choledochotomy in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration.Methods:A retrospective analysis for the data of 1 107 patients who successfully implemented laparoscopic common bile duct exploration in Subei People′s Hospital of Jiangsu Province from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2020 were applied. All cases were divided into the study group 662 cases with needle-type choledochotomy) and the control group (445 cases with non-needle-type choledochotomy) according to the manipulation of common bile duct incision. The time-cost, incidences of bleeding and bile leakage, as well as the recurrence rate of bile duct stone and the incidence of bile duct stenosis were observed and compared between the two groups. Normally distributed data were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( Mean± SD) and compared by t test while count data were expressed as frequency or percentage and compared by chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test. Results:The bile duct incision time and bleeding rate were (14.45±2.46) s and 25.1% in the study group, (104.48±15.32) s and 68.1% in the control group, respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.001). The incidence of stone recurrence, biliary leakage, and bile duct stricture were 3.0%, 3.6% and 0.3% in the study group, 4.9%, 5.6% and 0.4% in the control group, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Needle-type bile duct incision can be used as a routine manipulation in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration for its time-saving, less bleeding, safe and easy to handling.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2632-2635, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905006

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) features of distal biliary stricture (DBS), and to provide a clinical basis for the evaluation of DBS by EUS. Methods Related clinical data were collected from 175 patients with DBS who underwent EUS examination in The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from April 2016 to March 2020 to analyze their clinical manifestation, laboratory examination results, imaging findings, and EUS findings, and the patients were followed up to summarize the EUS features of DBS. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups, and the t -test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups. Results Among the 175 patients with DBS, 85(48.57%) had benign DBS and 90(51.43%) had malignant DBS. Compared with the patients with benign DBS, the patients with malignant DBS had a significantly longer length of stricture on EUS (14.1±3.0 mm vs 7.9±3.0 mm, t =13.358, P < 0.001) and significantly higher incidence rates of the characteristic changes on EUS such as hypoechoic space-occupying lesions in lumen (57.8% vs 34.1%, χ 2 =9.843, P =0.002), peripheral lymph node enlargement (26.7% vs 12.9%, χ 2 =5.147, P =0.023), and pancreatic duct dilatation (51.1% vs 28.2%, χ 2 =9.532, P =0.002). EUS combined with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography had a sensitivity of 70.6% in the diagnosis of benign DBS and a sensitivity of 92.2% in the diagnosis of malignant DBS. Conclusion The characteristic EUS features of DBS, such as long length of stricture, hypoechoic lesion, peripheral lymph node enlargement, and pancreatic duct dilatation, may help with the differential diagnosis of DBS in clinical practice.

17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213246

ABSTRACT

Background: Minimally invasive techniques for stone removal in common bile duct (CBD) are endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) or laparoscopic CBD exploration with LC (laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) and LC). Failed, multiple attempted or complications of ERCP leads to other surgical approaches where LCBDE is a preferable option by experts due to its added benefits.Methods:  We did LCBDE and LC in 40 cases of failed ERCP. Standard investigation protocol was followed in all cases and CBD were explored laparoscopically and stones were retrieved. Post retrieval choledochoscopy was done and sphincter of oddi was dilated by the dilators.Results: With careful selection of cases, stone calculi were retrieved successfully in 38 cases by laparoscopically and 2 cases by open method after conversion. Postoperative choledochoscopy were found normal. Bile leak seen in 3 cases, which were managed conservatively. Standard regime of postoperative care was taken followed by T-tube removal after cholangiogram on day 10-14. All patients survived the operation.Conclusion: We advocate that LCBDE is the most viable alternative for open surgery in failed ERCP cases for retrieval of CBD stones. This results in early recovery, better cosmetic scar, least complications with early resumption of routine life. Needs cautious patient selection and expertise in laparoscopic surgery.

18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213308

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of the study was to determine the best treatment modality for common bile duct stone become more challenging as large number of options available such as endoscopic, laparoscopic or open surgical methods, we need to choose specific therapy according to patient’s clinical conditions, and individual expertise.Methods: It is prospective study including 60 patient having common bile duct stone along with gall bladder stone, its different modality of management and its inference, conducted in Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research Centre, Bhopal, during period of January 2017 to January 2020.Results: In 60 cases 41 patients undergoes to endoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreatography (ERCP) first, stone successfully removed in 34 patients and stent placed, one patients developed pancreatitis after ERCP, managed conservatively, In 6 patients retained stone after ERCP procedure, one patients developed surgical emphysema after procedure, managed with ICD and conservatively, and one patient had bleeding during sphincterotomy so its procedure abandoned and one of the patient failed to cannulate common bile duct (CBD).  21 patients undergo laparoscopic common bile duct explorations, 2 lap CBD exploration converted to open CBD exploration with cholecystectomy, due to adhesion at hepatocystic triangle. Five patients undergoes open CBD exploration, in one patient hepaticojejunostomy was done as patient was having CBD stone with stricture. No mortality during and after procedure.Conclusions: Management of CBD stone is depends upon individual expertise and available modality. If surgeons are expertise then lap CBD exploration with cholecystectomy without attempting to ERCP guide stone removal is best approach in majority of patients.

19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215113

ABSTRACT

Acute cholecystitis is a potentially serious condition and usually needs to be treated in the hospital. Identification of a common bile duct (CBD) stone before cholecystectomy is of concern for the treating physicians as management may change. Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) can help in identifying causes of biliary obstruction (if present) and adequately delineate biliary tree in selected patients with limited or abnormal ultrasounds and cholestatic liver pattern. Therefore, we aim to demonstrate imaging findings of MRCP in such patients of acute cholecystitis, and highlight the diagnostic ability of MRCP in biliary ductal evaluation as well. METHODSThis secondary data analysis from hospital records was performed in Radiology department at our Hospital in Dhahran from August 2017 to 2019. All clinically suspected and ultrasound supported cases of acute cholecystitis who were referred for MRCP studies were included. Dilated CBDs (more than 4 mm in caliber) with partial visualization or non-discernible causes of CBD dilatations, rising or persistently raised LFTs (denoting cholestatic pattern) were the common indications for the MRCP referrals. Patients with chronic cholecystitis, previous hepatobiliary surgery, pregnant patients, and those contraindicated to MRI were excluded. RESULTSOf the 104 patients, majority (60%) were females. The mean age was 43 years. Two-thirds of patients were having normal CBDs (68.3%), while nearly one-third (31.7%) had dilated CBDs, and half of these (16.4%) showed identifiable causes of obstruction that were later confirmed on ERCP and histopathology. Thirteen patients (12.5%) had associated anomalies. Sensitivity and specificity of MRCP in CBD evaluation were measured as 90.5% (CI, 79.3-96.8) and 86.2% (CI, 73.7-94.3) respectively. The length of the hospital stay was found to be significantly less in laparoscopic cases compared to open cholecystectomies (P= 0.0005). CONCLUSIONSMagnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography can help in identifying the causes and anomalies in patients with acute cholecystitis having deranged or obstructive liver function.

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213131

ABSTRACT

The spontaneous perforation of the biliary tract (SPBT) is an extremely rare cause of peritonitis, which was first described by Freeland in 1882, to date only around 70 cases have been reported. Here we present a case of spontaneous perforation of the biliary tract, in a patient with choledocholithiasis. A 45 years old male presented to us with acute abdomen with raised amylase and lipase s/o pancreatitis, imaging showed acute on chronic pancreatitis with impacted distal lumen in situ common bile duct (CBD) calculi. Patient was planned for ERCP with CBD clearance after his acute episode subsides. Meanwhile patient developed rigidity, guarding and distension. His second CECT showed a breach in the lower lateral segment in the CBD with gross ascites. Patient was planned for laparotomy, abdominal lavage and T-tube drainage. Patient had a stormy postoperative course. Patient recovered well and was discharged with T-tube clamped and subhepatic drain in situ. Spontaneous perforation of the extrahepatic bile duct is a rare but important presentation of gall stones. Conservative surgery that is decompression of the biliary tree and repair of the leak site over T-tube is the mainstay of treatment in the acute presentation.

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