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1.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 30: e30001, 2024. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558582

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo aborda as normas gerais do esporte no Brasil e Portugal a partir de uma perspectiva comparativa. Parte-se do pressuposto que o esporte deve ser foco de atenção estatal e das políticas públicas como estratégia de desenvolvimento da cidadania. O objetivo principal é analisar comparativamente a legislação esportiva de Brasil e Portugal, sobretudo os atos que estabeleceram as normas gerais para este setor em âmbito nacional. Para isso, realizou-se uma pesquisa descritivo-analítica de abordagem qualitativa e abrangência exploratória, organizada a partir de trabalho de campo e análise e tratamento do material empírico e documental. A análise de conteúdo dos documentos confirmou que no Brasil o financiamento é o tema de destaque na atuação normativa do Estado, ao passo que em Portugal o exercício regulatório é a principal preocupação. Nos dois países foi possível observar o impacto dos megaeventos na esfera legislativa, com a produção de atos excepcionais.


Resumen Este artículo aborda las reglas generales del deporte en Brasil y Portugal, desde una perspectiva comparada. Se parte del supuesto de que el deporte debe ser el foco de atención estatal y de las políticas públicas como estrategia de desarrollo de la ciudadanía. El objetivo principal es analizar comparativamente la legislación deportiva en Brasil y Portugal, especialmente las leyes que establecieron las reglas generales para este sector a nivel nacional. Para ello, se realizó una investigación descriptivo-analítica con enfoque cualitativo y alcance exploratorio, organizada a partir del trabajo de campo y el análisis y tratamiento de material empírico y documental. El análisis de contenido de los documentos confirmó que en Brasil el financiamiento es el tema principal en la acción normativa del Estado, mientras que en Portugal el ejercicio regulatorio es la principal preocupación. En ambos países se pudo observar el impacto de megaeventos en el ámbito legislativo, con la producción de actos excepcionales.


Abstract This article addresses the general rules of sport in Brazil and Portugal, from a comparative perspective. It starts from the assumption that sport should be the focus of state attention and public policies as a citizenship development strategy. The main objective is to comparatively analyze the sports legislation in Brazil and Portugal, especially the acts that established the general rules for this sector at the national level. For this, a descriptive-analytical research with a qualitative approach and exploratory scope was carried out, organized from field work and analysis and treatment of empirical and documental material. The content analysis of the documents confirmed that in Brazil financing is the main issue in the State's normative action, while in Portugal the regulatory exercise is the main concern. In both countries, it was possible to observe the impact of mega-events in the legislative sphere, with the production of exceptional acts.

2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e243309, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1537094

ABSTRACT

The maintenance of adequate fluoride (F) concentration in the public water supply is fundamental for ensuring that the community use of F can reach the maximum benefit for caries control and minimum risk for dental fluorosis. Thus, surveillance systems must use accurate and valid analytical methods to determine F concentration and, according to the literature, give preference to the ion-specific electrode (F- ISE) analysis. Aim: The objective of this study was to compare the accuracy of the ISE and SPADNS methods in the determination of the F concentration in the same water sample. Methods: Duplicate water samples were taken from 30 sampling sites in the municipality of Maringá, state of Paraná, monthly for 12 months, totaling 276 samples. An aliquot was analyzed by the FOP-UNICAMP Oral Biochemistry laboratory, using the F- ISE method, and the other one, by the SANEPAR laboratory in Maringá/PR, using the SPADNS method. Descriptive analysis and Pearson's correlation test were applied, with a significant level of p<0.05. Results: Results were expressed as ppm F (mg F/L), and a very strong positive correlation (r= 0.91; p<0.001) was detected between the two methods of analysis. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the determination of f luoride concentration in water can be made with accuracy by the SPADNS method, a standardized analysis protocol


Subject(s)
Water Supply , Comparative Study , Fluoridation , Fluorine , Data Accuracy
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 86(4): 337-344, July-Sep. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447372

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes following deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty and penetrating keratoplasty in contralateral eyes of the same patients. Methods: In this retrospective, comparative case series, clinical outcome data included best-corrected visual acuity, refractive spherical equivalent, refractive astigmatism, endothelial cell density, endothelial cell loss, central corneal thickness, and intraocular pressure, which were evaluated at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty and penetrating keratoplasty. Additionally, complications were assessed. Results: Fifty-two eyes (26 patients) were included, of which 19 patients had keratoconus, 6 had stromal dystrophy, and 1 had post-laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis ectasia. The mean follow-up was 44.1 ± 10.5 months in the deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty Group and 47.9 ± 11.9 months in the penetrating keratoplasty Group. No significant differences were observed in the mean best-corrected visual acuity, refractive spherical equivalent, refractive astigmatism, and central corneal thickness between the deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty and penetrating keratoplasty Groups during follow-up. The endothelial cell density was significantly higher in the deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty Group than in the penetrating keratoplasty Group at 24 and 36 months postoperatively (p=0.022 and 0.013, respectively). Endothelial cell loss was significantly lower in the deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty Group than in the penetrating keratoplasty Group at 24 and 36 months postoperatively (p=0.025 and 0.001, respectively). Intraocular pressure was significantly lower in the deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty Group than in the penetrating keratoplasty Grroup at 6 months postoperatively (p=0.015). Microperforation occurred in 4 eyes (15%) during deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty surgery; however, penetrating keratoplasty was not required. No endothelial rejection occurred in the penetrating keratoplasty Group during follow-up. Conclusions: Over the 3-year follow-up, endothelial cell loss and intraocular pressure in the deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty Group were significantly lower than those in the penetrating keratoplasty Group, while visual and refractive results were similar.


RESUMO Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar os resultados clínicos após ceratoplastia lamelar anterior profunda e ceratoplastia penetrante nos olhos contralaterais dos mesmos pacientes. Métodos: Nesta série de casos comparativa e retrospectiva, avaliaram-se os seguintes dados de resultados clínicos: melhor acuidade visual corrigida, equivalente esférico refrativo, astigmatismo refrativo, densidade de células endoteliais, perda de células endoteliais, espessura central da córnea e pressão intraocular. Esses dados foram avaliados aos 6, 12, 24 e 36 meses após ceratoplastia lamelar anterior profunda e ceratoplastia penetrante. Também foram avaliadas as complicações. Resultados: Foram incluídos 52 olhos (26 pacientes), sendo que 19 pacientes apresentavam ceratocone, 6 apresentavam distrofia estromal e 1 apresentava ectasia após ceratomileuse in situ assistida por laser. O tempo médio de acompanhamento foi de 44,1 ± 10,5 meses no grupo da ceratoplastia lamelar anterior profunda e 47,9 ± 11,9 meses no grupo da ceratoplastia penetrante. Nenhuma diferença significativa foi observada nas médias da melhor acuidade visual corrigida, equivalente esférico refrativo, astigmatismo refrativo e espessura central da córnea entre os grupos da ceratoplastia lamelar anterior profunda e da ceratoplastia penetrante durante o acompanhamento. A densidade de células endoteliais foi significativamente maior no grupo da ceratoplastia lamelar anterior profunda que no grupo da ceratoplastia penetrante aos 24 e 36 meses de pós-operatório (p=0,022 e 0,013, respectivamente). A perda de células endoteliais foi significativamente menor no grupo da ceratoplastia lamelar anterior profunda que no grupo da ceratoplastia penetrante aos 24 e 36 meses de pós-operatório (p=0,025 e 0,001, respectivamente). A pressão intraocular foi significativamente menor no grupo da ceratoplastia lamelar anterior profunda que no grupo da ceratoplastia penetrante aos 6 meses de pós-operatório (p=0,015). Ocorreu microperfuração em 4 olhos (15%) durante a cirurgia de ceratoplastia lamelar anterior profunda; entretanto, a ceratoplastia penetrante não foi necessária. Não ocorreu nenhuma rejeição endotelial no grupo da ceratoplastia penetrante durante o período de acompanhamento. Conclusões: Durante o acompanhamento de 3 anos, a perda de células endoteliais e a pressão intraocular foram significativamente menores no grupo da ceratoplastia lamelar anterior profunda que no grupo da ceratoplastia penetrante, mas os resultados visuais e refrativos foram semelhantes.

4.
Salud UNINORTE ; 39(1)abr. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536842

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las mujeres embarazadas con diabetes mellitus gestacional DMG tienen un mayor riesgo de tener resultados adversos materno-infantiles, debido a lo cual es importante estimar la prevalencia de DMG en Colombia de acuerdo con los criterios de la Asociación Internacional de Grupos de Estudio de Diabetes y Embarazo (IADPSG). Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática mediante búsquedas en las bases de datos PubMed/Medline y Cochrane en inglés y español. La evaluación de la calidad se hizo mediante la metodología GRADE. Resultados: En la revisión sistemática se incluyó un total de 7 estudios con 37 795 participantes colombianas. La prevalencia de DMG en Colombia fue de 8,7 %. Conclusiones: Esta revisión sistemática se constituye en un primer estudio exploratorio en estimar la prevalencia de DMG en Colombia según criterios de la IADPSG. La estimación de la prevalencia global se sitúa cercana a la media mundial, sin embargo, estos resultados deben ser valorados con precaución por limitaciones en la opción de la guía para detección de diabetes gestacional y subregistro. WDF 15-955 Project, Barranquilla, Colombia.


Introduction: Pregnant women with GDM gestational diabetes mellitus have a higher risk of having adverse maternal-infant outcomes. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of GDM in Colombia according to the criteria of the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups [IADPSG]. Materials and methods: A systematic review was carried out by searching the PubMed / Medline and Cochrane databases in English and Spanish. The quality assessment was done using the GRADE methodology. Results: A total of 7 articles with 37,795 Colombian participants were included in the systematic review. The prevalence of GDM in Colombia was 8.7 %. Conclusions: As far as we know, this systematic review is the first study to estimate the prevalence of GDM in women in Colombia according to criteria of the IADPSG. The results suggest a GDM prevalence in Colombia in the world average. Be careful with these results because there could be un-der-records.

5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 86(1): 46-51, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403482

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: One of the most important disadvantages of using Mini Monoka stents in pediatric canalicular laceration repair is premature stent loss. In this study, we aimed to compare clinical outcomes between the use of Mini Monoka and Masterka monocanalicular stents in children and discuss the potential causes of premature stent loss. Methods: The medical records of 36 patients who underwent surgical repair of canalicular lacerations were retrospectively reviewed. Children aged <18 years who underwent canalicular laceration repair with either Mini Monoka or Masterka and had at least 6 months of follow-up after stent removal were included in the study. The patients' demographics, mechanism of injury, type of stent used, premature stent loss, and success rate were analyzed. Success was defined as stent removal without subsequent epiphora and premature stent loss. Results: Twenty-seven children fulfilled our study criteria, and their data were included in the analyses. Mini Monoka was used in 14 patients (51.9%), whereas Masterka was used in 13 patients (48.1%). The preoperative clinical features, including age, sex, and mechanism of injury, were similar between the two groups. The mean age was 8.3 ± 5.5 years in the Mini Monoka group and 7.8 ± 5.9 years in the Masterka group (p=0.61). Three patients in the Mini Monoka group (21.4%) underwent reoperation due to premature stent loss. No premature stent loss was observed in the Masterka group. As a result, the rate of success was 78.6% in the Mini Monoka group, whereas it was 100% in the Masterka group (p=0.22). Conclusions: Even though the two groups did not show any statistically significant difference in success rate, we did not observe any premature stent loss in the Masterka group. Further studies with larger and randomized series are warranted to elaborate on these findings.


RESUMO Objetivo: Uma das desvantagens mais importantes do uso de stents Mini Monoka no reparo de lacerações canaliculares pediátricas é a perda prematura do stent. Neste estudo, objetivamos comparar os resultados clínicos dos stents monocanaliculares Mini Monoka e Masterka em crianças e discutir as possíveis causas da perda prematura do stent. Métodos: Foram incluídos nesta revisão retrospectiva 36 pacientes <18 anos de idade que se submeteram ao reparo cirúrgico de uma laceração canalicular com um stent Mini Monoka ou Masterka e tiveram pelo menos 6 meses de acompanhamento após a remoção do stent. Foram analisados os dados demográficos, o mecanismo da lesão, o tipo de stent utilizado, a ocorrência de perda prematura de stent e o sucesso da intervenção. O sucesso foi definido como a ausência de epífora após a remoção do stent, sem a perda prematura deste. Resultados: Vinte e sete pacientes preencheram os critérios do presente estudo e foram incluídos nas análises. O stent Mini Monoka foi usado em 14 pacientes (51,9%), enquanto o Masterka foi usado em 13 pacientes (48,1%). As características clínicas pré-operatórias, incluindo idade, sexo e mecanismo de lesão, foram semelhantes entre os dois grupos. A média de idade foi de 8,3 ± 5,5 anos no grupo Mini Monoka e de 7,8 ± 5,9 anos no grupo Masterka (p=0,61). Três pacientes do grupo Mini-Monoka (21,4%) tiveram que ser operados novamente por perda prematura do stent. Nenhuma perda prematura do stent foi observada no grupo Masterka. Como resultado, a taxa de sucesso foi de 78,6% no grupo Mini Monoka e de 100% no grupo Masterka (p=0,22). Conclusões: Embora nenhuma diferença estatisticamente significativa tenha sido detectada entre os dois grupos em termos de taxas de sucesso, não observamos nenhuma perda prematura de stent no grupo Masterka. São necessários mais estudos, com séries maiores e randomizadas, para chegar a maiores conclusões sobre esses achados.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Stents , Lacerations , Retrospective Studies
6.
The Japanese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 23013-2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007167

ABSTRACT

Introduction:The range of motion (ROM) of the distal transverse arch of the hand has not been established and cleared sufficiently.Purpose:The aim of this study was to clarify the differences in the distal transverse arch of the hand in ROM between the dominant and non-dominant hands and by sex and age.Participants:We enrolled 118 healthy participants aged 20-69 years.Results:The average active and passive ROMs of the distal transverse arch of the hand were 135.4° ± 10.3°/168.9° ± 12.1° on the dominant side and 131.8° ± 9.8°/166.9° ± 13.2° on the non-dominant side. Active and passive ROMs were significantly larger on the dominant side than on the non-dominant side (p<0.001, p=0.009). The active or passive ROM of the distal transverse arch of the hand on either side did not differ significantly between men and women. However, the ROM of the ring finger component was significantly larger in women than in men on both sides (p=0.02~0.003). The active and passive ROMs of the distal transverse arch in both hands were significantly smaller in participants aged over 60 years than in those aged up to 60 years (p<0.05). Moreover, compared to participants in their 20s, participants in their 30s and 40s showed lower passive ROMs of the dominant hand and little finger component of the transversal arch in both hands (p<0.05).Discussion:Our results suggested that handedness, sex, and age should be considered when managing the distal transverse arch of the hand.

7.
The Japanese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 974-982, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007099

ABSTRACT

Introduction:The range of motion (ROM) of the distal transverse arch of the hand has not been established and cleared sufficiently.Purpose:The aim of this study was to clarify the differences in the distal transverse arch of the hand in ROM between the dominant and non-dominant hands and by sex and age.Participants:We enrolled 118 healthy participants aged 20-69 years.Results:The average active and passive ROMs of the distal transverse arch of the hand were 135.4° ± 10.3°/168.9° ± 12.1° on the dominant side and 131.8° ± 9.8°/166.9° ± 13.2° on the non-dominant side. Active and passive ROMs were significantly larger on the dominant side than on the non-dominant side (p<0.001, p=0.009). The active or passive ROM of the distal transverse arch of the hand on either side did not differ significantly between men and women. However, the ROM of the ring finger component was significantly larger in women than in men on both sides (p=0.02~0.003). The active and passive ROMs of the distal transverse arch in both hands were significantly smaller in participants aged over 60 years than in those aged up to 60 years (p<0.05). Moreover, compared to participants in their 20s, participants in their 30s and 40s showed lower passive ROMs of the dominant hand and little finger component of the transversal arch in both hands (p<0.05).Discussion:Our results suggested that handedness, sex, and age should be considered when managing the distal transverse arch of the hand.

8.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 434-437, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005726

ABSTRACT

Risk assessment of clinical trials is of great significance to improve the quality of clinical trials. Through systematic comparative analysis of risk assessment tools for clinical trials in Britain, Germany and France, this paper found that the three countries’ risk assessment tools were consistent in terms of legal system guarantee and assessment process, but there were obvious differences in the basic risk classification and risk grading standards of clinical trials. Based on the experience of Britain, France and Germany, this paper proposed to improve the relevant regulations and documents of clinical trial risk management in China from the perspective of Chinese national conditions, further explore the factors affecting clinical trial risk, and develop and design clinical trial risk assessment tools with different discipline characteristics according to the specialties of the discipline to improve the quality and level of clinical trials.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2885-2893, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003280

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) during pregnancy and puerperium through a comparative analysis. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 22 patients in pregnancy and 39 patients in puerperium who received ERCP in Digestive Endoscopy Center of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from January 2007 to August 2022. The two groups of patients were compared in terms of baseline data, diagnosis during ERCP, interventions, laboratory results before and after ERCP, post-ERCP complications, and delivery and fetal outcomes. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. ResultsThere were no significant differences between the patients in pregnancy and those in puerperium in all baseline data (all P>0.05) except the rate of CT examination (22.73% vs 58.97%, χ2=7.44, P=0.006). During the ERCP procedure, compared with the patients in puerperium, the patients in pregnancy had a significantly lower proportion of the patients who underwent biliary stone extraction or endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (χ2=4.007 and 4.315, both P<0.05) and a significantly higher proportion of the patients who did not receive X-ray fluoroscopy (χ2=12.103, P=0.001). After ERCP, both groups had significant improvements in white blood cell count, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase (all P<0.05). The overall incidence rate of post-ERCP complications was 7.04% (5/71) for all patients, with post-ERCP biliary infection as the most common complication (3/71,4.23%), and there was no significant difference in the incidence rate of post-ERCP complications between the two groups (P>0.05). As for delivery and fetal outcomes, compared with the patients in puerperium, the patients in pregnancy had a significantly higher proportion of patients with early termination of pregnancy (50.00% vs 0,χ2=20.528, P<0.001) and a significantly lower proportion of patients with cesarean section (36.36% vs 76.92%, χ2=4.756, P=0.029). There were no significant differences in the incidence rates of adverse events such as abnormal fetal development and stillbirth between the two groups (P>0.05). ConclusionWith strict control of ERCP indications and timing, ERCP is effective and relatively safe in both pregnancy and puerperium and has a comparable incidence rate of post-ERCP complications to that in the general population, with relatively good delivery and fetal outcomes.

10.
Mongolian Medical Sciences ; : 30-34, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972366

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#There is a sutra named “Detail explanatory of Ma la ya'i mystery and the giver everything wanted” (Ma la ya'i dka' 'grel 'dod pa 'jo ba) written by Mi'i nyi ma mthong ba don ldan, a Tibetan, which is considered as one of the undisputed ancient articles of Indian and Tibetan Medicines and to which Mongolian medical researchers in Mongolia and in Inner Mongolia, China haven't paid attention yet, so it is still not included in the scope of medical research work until now. </br>The sutra has an advantage that the place where the spring comes out is written in detail. Therefore, we now should thoroughly analyze the source place and features of the springs in order to convey a clear orderly understanding to future scholars by summarizing the research aligning it with traditional medical theory, and schematically mapping. @*Goal@#To make clearer the scholars' views of the four mountains included in the book “Rsta b’ai rgyud” and its theoretical and other concepts, as well as to analyze and conclude the interrelationships and features of springs in Ma la ya'i mountain. @*Materials and Methods@#In this research, I have studied the theory of Four mountains included in the book “Rsta b’ai rgyud” using the analyzing methods for original and source documents and summarized by the method of analysis and synthesis, as well as chosen the literature named “Detail explanation of Ma la ya'i mystery and the giver everything wanted” by sampling method and shown making sketch for the interrelations and features of springs by Hermeneutic method. @*Results@#As descried by a person named Gyutog yontan mgonpo (Gyutog yontan mgonpo) in terms of Foreign, Domestic and Secret Medicine Palaces, and according to the relevant sutras and mantras that said about them, the springs have the ability to heal diseases with the participation of earth directions, flora and fauna around the mountain and other factors. The sketch was clearly shown for the springs. @*Conclusion@#I believe that the debates about the Medicine Palace are highly dependent on the chronology in which the researchers lived and their own traditional ways. Currently, the five explanatory manuscripts written through XII - XX centuries about Medicine Palaces and Springs in Ma la ya'i Mountain have been found, among which, specially, the section written about the springs in the sutra named “Detail explanatory of Ma la ya'i mystery and the giver everything wanted” is a big thick book that was made at the level of "Great Explanation" in terms of its content. Therefore, I consider that this literature has become a new cognitive valuables added to the modern research resource because the knowledge of springs was presented greatly in depth and detail in this paper work.

11.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 32: e20230075, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1530564

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to understand the health promotion practices developed by nurses in the Primary Care context in Florianópolis and Girona. Method: this is a comparative study with a qualitative approach and of the descriptive exploratory type, carried out with eight nurses between June 2021 and April 2022 in health units that developed health promotion practices. The data, collected by means of semi-structured interviews, were analyzed through thematic analysis based on the health promotion framework. Results: four categories related to health promotion practices emerged from the data, namely: Training actions for health professionals in health promotion; Health promotion activities in individual consultations; Health education group activities; and Community health promotion actions. Conclusion: it is concluded that, in both municipalities, nurses develop individual and collective health promotion practices through groups and community actions, focusing on lifestyle changes. In Florianópolis they are grounded on the National Health Promotion Policy and, in Girona, health promotion actions are based on actions involving specific groups aimed at preventing diseases.


RESUMEN Objetivo: comprender las prácticas de promoción de la salud desarrolladas por enfermeros en el contexto de Atención Primaria de Florianópolis y Girona. Método: estudio comparativo de enfoque cualitativo y del tipo exploratorio-descriptivo, realizado entre junio de 2021 y abril de 2022 con ocho enfermeros en unidades de salud que desarrollaban prácticas de promoción de la salud. Los datos, recolectados por medio de entrevistas semiestructuradas, fueron analizados a través de análisis temático sobre la base del referencial de la promoción de la salud. Resultados: cuatro categorías relacionadas con las prácticas de promoción de la salud surgieron de los datos, a saber: Acciones para la formación de profesionales de la salud en promoción de la salud; Actividades de promoción de la salud en consultas individuales; Actividades grupales de educación en salud; y Acciones comunitarias de promoción de la salud. Conclusión: se concluye que, en ambos municipios, los enfermeros desarrollan prácticas individuales y colectivas de promoción de la salud por medio de grupos y acciones comunitarias, con énfasis en modificar estilos de vida. En Florianópolis se fundamentan en la Política Nacional de Promoción de la Salud y, en Girona, las acciones de promoción de la salud se basan en actividades relacionadas con grupos específicos dirigidos a prevenir enfermedades.


RESUMO Objetivo: compreender as práticas de promoção da saúde desenvolvidas por enfermeiros no contexto da Atenção Primária de Florianópolis e Girona. Método: trata-se de um estudo comparativo, de abordagem qualitativa, do tipo exploratório descritivo, realizado em unidades de saúde que desenvolviam práticas de promoção da saúde, com oito enfermeiros, no período entre junho de 2021 a abril de 2022. Os dados, coletados por entrevistas semiestruturadas, foram analisados por meio de análise temática com base no referencial da promoção da saúde. Resultados: emergiram dos dados quatro categorias relacionadas às práticas de promoção da saúde: Ações de formação de profissionais de saúde em promoção da saúde; Atividades de promoção da saúde na consulta individual; Atividades grupais de educação em saúde; Ações comunitárias de promoção da saúde. Conclusão: conclui-se que em ambos os municípios os enfermeiros desenvolvem práticas de promoção da saúde individuais e coletivas por meio de grupos e ações comunitárias, com enfoque na mudança de estilos de vida. Em Florianópolis estão fundamentadas na Política Nacional de Promoção da Saúde e, em Girona, as ações de promoção da saúde estão baseadas nas ações envolvendo grupos específicos voltados para a prevenção da doença.

12.
REVISA (Online) ; 12(4): 843-857, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530917

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comparar os fenômenos de saúde (níveis de estresse percebido, sintomas depressivos e qualidade do sono), bem como a capacidade resiliente e a qualidade de vida por ciclo de curso entre acadêmicos de medicina de instituição privada de ensino. Método:pesquisa transversal, analítica e de abordagem quantitativa, cuja coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de instrumentos de validação internacional entre novembro e dezembro de 2022 junto a discentes do curso de medicina de uma instituição privada do Distrito Federal. Resultados:50% dos estudantes utilizam fármacos para induzir o sono e 65,7% fazem uso de bebida alcoólica, além do predomínio de estudantes com baixo estresse no ciclo básico e altos níveis de estresse nos demais ciclos. Com isso, conclui-se que o curso de medicina apresenta situações estressoras comuns aos diferentes ciclos do curso, colocando o aluno em um ambiente propício para o aparecimento de fenômenos que podem interferir direta ou indiretamente na sua saúde mental. Conclusão:não hádiferença nos níveis de estresse, qualidade de sono, sintomas depressivos, qualidade de vida resiliência ao longo do curso, ou seja, esses fenômenos não estão associados as características peculiares de cada ciclo.


Objective:to compare health phenomena (perceived stress levels, depressive symptoms and sleep quality), as well as resilient capacity and quality of life per course cycle among medical students from a private teaching institution. Method:cross-sectional, analytical and quantitative research, whose data collection occurred through international validation instruments between November and December 2022 with medical students of a private institution in the Federal District. Results:50% of the students use drugs to induce sleep and 65.7% use alcoholic beverages, in addition to the predominance of students with low stress in the basic cycle and high levels of stress in the other cycles. With this, it is concluded that the medical course presents stressful situations common to the different cycles of the course, placing the student in an environment conducive to the appearance of phenomena that can interfere directly or indirectly in their mental health. Conclusion:there is no difference in stress levels, sleep quality, depressive symptoms, quality of life resilience throughout the course, that is, these phenomena are not associated with the peculiar characteristics of each cycle.


Objetivo: comparar los fenómenos de salud (niveles de estrés percibido, síntomas depresivos y calidad del sueño), así como la capacidad resiliente y la calidad de vida por ciclo de estudios entre estudiantes de medicina de una institución docente privada. Método:investigación transversal, analítica y cuantitativa, cuya recolección de datos ocurrió a través de instrumentos de validación internacional entre noviembre y diciembre de 2022 con estudiantes de medicina de una institución privada del Distrito Federal. Resultados:50% de los estudiantes usan drogas para inducir el sueño y 65,7% usan bebidas alcohólicas, además del predominio de estudiantes con bajo estrés en el ciclo básico y altos niveles de estrés en los otros ciclos. Con esto, se concluye que el curso de medicina presenta situaciones estresantes comunes a los diferentes ciclos del curso, colocando al estudiante en un ambiente propicio para la aparición de fenómenos que pueden interferir directa o indirectamente en su salud mental. Conclusión:no hay diferencia en los niveles de estrés, calidad del sueño, síntomas depresivos, calidad de vida resiliencia a lo largo del curso, es decir, estos fenómenos no están asociados con las características peculiares de cada ciclo.


Subject(s)
Students, Medical , Quality of Life , Comparative Study
13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 959-968, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical and imaging outcomes of fascia lata autograft bridging repair reinforecd with an artificial ligament as the internal brace with the autograft bridging repair for the treatment of irreparable massive rotator cuff tears (IMRCTs).Methods:The data of 26 patients with IMRCT who underwent fascia lata autograft bridging repair augmented with artificial ligament as the internal brace (internal brace group) and of 24 patients with IMRCT who underwent bridging autograft repair alone (control group) were retrospectively evaluated preoperatively and at 2-year follow-up. Clinical outcomes were assessed using shoulder activity, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) Score, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Score, and visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain. Imaging outcomes were evaluated using acromiohumeral distance (AHD), Goutallier grade, and status of fascia lata grafts according to radiographs or magnetic resonance imaging results.Results:All 50 cases were followed up for 34.2±7.2 months (range 24-45 months). Compared to the control group, the internal brace group showed better ASES score (93.5±5.3 vs. 89.5±5.7, P<0.05), UCLA score (31.7±3.8 vs. 28.5±5.6, P<0.05), improvement in UCLA score (19.6±4.2 vs. 15.9±5.7, P<0.05), active elevation (167.3°±8.4° vs. 159.4°±13.6°, P<0.05), abduction strength (8.9±1.2 vs. 8.2±1.2, P<0.05), improvement in abduction strength (4.1±1.2 vs. 3.3± 1.0, P<0.05), AHD (7.0±1.4 mm vs. 5.9±1.0 mm, P<0.05), improvement in AHD (3.3±1.5 mm vs. 2.0±0.6 mm, P<0.05), and healing rate of fascia lata autografts (92% vs. 54%, P<0.05) at 2-year follow-up. Conclusion:Fascia lata autograft bridging repair reinforced with an artificial ligament as the internal brace improves healing rate of bridging graft and postoperatively short-term clinical outcomes of patients with IMRCT.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 484-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of minimally invasive-locking block modified Krackow (MI-LBMK) and open giftbox technique in the treatment of Achilles tendon rupture.Methods:Fifty-six patients with Achilles tendon rupture from January 2016 to December 2018 were collected, including 54 males and 2 females, aged 40.7±9.4 years (range 26 to 65 years). The MI group (30 patients) used two minimally invasive incisions without exposing the rupture site, and the LBMK technique was used to repair the Achilles tendon. The open group (26 patients) used a posteromedial longitudinal incision and the giftbox technique was used to repair the rupture tendon. The Achilles tendon was repaired with 6-strand sutures in both groups. Early rehabilitation programs were adopted for postoperative rehabilitation, and regular follow-up (6 weeks, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation) was performed to record the Achilles tendon resting angle (ATRA), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot score (AOFAS), Achilles tendon total rupture score (ATRS). The rupture gap and cross-sectional area (CSA) were measured by MRI at 6 weeks and 3 months after surgery.Results:A total of 30 patients in the MI group and 26 in the open group were enrolled. The differences between the two groups in age, body mass index, interval from injury to operation, and tendon rupture site were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up to 24 months after surgery. There were no wound complications in MI group, and 2 cases of superficial infection and 1 case of wound skin necrosis occurred in open group. There was no re-rupture in both groups. The relative ATRA of MI group was -6.32°±0.99°, -3.90°±1.05°, -2.38°±0.84°, -0.25°±1.37° at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation, respectively. The relative ATRA of open group was -7.88°±3.71°, -6.16°±1.10°, -4.53°±0.95°, -3.01°±0.95° at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation, respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The ATRS of minimally invasive group at 6 months and 12 months were 72.70±7.41 and 92.97±3.35 respectively, and the ATRS of open group at 6 months and 12 months were 68.08±6.64 and 90.85±4.27 respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The AOFAS of minimally invasive group at 6 months and 12 months were 88.60±2.76 and 93.83±1.98 respectively, and the AOFAS of open group at 6 months and 12 months were 85.77±3.20 and 92.08±2.64 respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The difference in the gap between the tendon rupture ends measured by MRI sagittal plane T2WI between the two groups was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The cross-sectional area of Achilles tendon in the MI group was higher than that of the open group at 12 weeks ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The MI-LBMK technique may protect the peritendon tissue and has fewer complications, and can enable the patient to return to daily life faster, with lower postoperative Achilles tendon elongation and better recovery of Achilles tendon function.

15.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 185-190, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992886

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the similarities and differences of China Society of Gynecology Endoscopy (CSGE) and American Fertility Society (AFS) intrauterine adhesion (IUA) scoring criteria on IUA grading and their predictive value of reproductive prognosis.Methods:From January 2016 to January 2019, a total of 1 249 patients were diagnosed with IUA by hysteroscopy at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital. Totally, 378 patients with complete clinical data were enrolled, and the results diagnosed by CSGT and AFS scoring criteria were compared and analyzed.And follow-up for 2 years, the pregnancy rate and live birth rate were statistical analysis.Results:(1) The grade of IUA according to AFS and CSGE scoring criteria was less consistent ( κ=0.295, P<0.001). Compared with AFS, the proportion of severe IUA cases diagnosed by CSGE was significantly lower [45.8% (173/378) vs 15.1% (57/378); RR=0.22, 95% CI: 0.15-0.30, P<0.01); the proportions of both mild and moderate IUA cases were significantly higher ( RR=4.16, 95% CI: 2.38-7.14; RR=2.38, 95% CI: 1.75-3.23; both P<0.01). (2) The pregnancy rates of mild, moderate and severe IUA diagnosed according to CSGE were 11/13, 64.5% (147/228), 31.8% (7/22), live birth rates were 11/13, 54.8% (125/228) and 22.7% (5/22), respectively; there were statistically significant differences between the groups (all P<0.01). The pregnancy rates of mild, moderate and severe IUA diagnosed based on AFS were 3/3, 66.9% (97/145) and 56.5% (65/115), respectively, with no statistically significant difference between the groups ( P>0.05). (3) IUA grades based on both CSGE and AFS criteria were significantly negatively correlated with pregnancy rates and live birth rates (CSGE: r=-0.210, r=-0.226; AFS: r=-0.130, r=-0.147; all P<0.05). Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that CSGE had higher OR for both pregnancy rates and live birth rates compared to AFS (3.889 vs 1.657, 3.983 vs 1.554, respectrvely). Conclusions:Compared with AFS, the IUA grade based on CSGE is better related with reproductive prognosis, suggesting that the CSGE standard might be more objective and comprehensive and has better predictive value for reproductive prognosis, thus avoiding overdiagnosis and overtreatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 387-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992723

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy between olecranon sled fixation and tension band wiring fixation in the treatment of Mayo ⅡA olecranon fractures.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 54 patients with Mayo ⅡA olecranon fracture who had been admitted to Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from October 2018 to February 2021. There were 20 males and 34 females with an age of (45.5±17.7 years), and 36 left and 18 right sides. They were divided into 2 groups according to different methods of internal fixation. Group A (25 cases) was subjected to olecranon sled fixation and group B (29 cases) to tension band wiring fixation. Preoperative data, operation time, reoperations and complications during follow-up were recorded and compared between the 2 groups. In both groups at the last follow-up, the range of the elbow motion, the Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score were recorded to evaluate the elbow function.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there were no significant differences in all their preoperative demographic data ( P>0.05). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups either in follow-up time [(32.8±8.9) months for group A and (35.8±9.0) months for group B] or in operation time [60.0 (60.0, 82.5) min for group A and 60.0 (60.0, 67.5) min for group B] ( P>0.05). At the last follow-up in group A and group B, respectively, the flexion and extension of the elbow was 141.0°±8.4° and 140.0 (140.0, 150.0)°, the pronation-supination 180.0 (175.0, 180.0)° and 180.0 (175.0, 180.0)°, the MEPS score 100.0 (85.0, 100.0) and 100.0 (92.5, 100.0), and the DASH score 4.2 (1.7, 6.3) and 5.8 (1.3, 8.3), all showing no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Olecranon skin irritation occurred in 5 patients (20.0%,5/25) in group A and in 15 patients (51.7%,15/29) in group B, and 7 patients (28.0%,7/25) in group A and 21 patients (72.4%,21/29) in group B underwent removal of internal fixation, both showing statistically significant differences between the 2 groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of Mayo ⅡA olecranon fractures, compared with tension band wiring fixation, olecranon sled fixation may lead to comparable efficacy in fixation and functional recovery, but significantly reduced rates of complications and internal fixation removal.

17.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 230-234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of five-element music therapy in the treatment of bipolar disorder.Methods:Eighty patients with bipolar disorder admitted to Shandong Mental Health Center from January 2018 to December 2019 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into a study group and a control group ( n = 40/group). The control group was treated with conventional drug treatment. The study group was treated with five-element music therapy based on conventional drug treatment. Before, during and after treatment, mania and depression were evaluated. Symptom self-evaluation scale and the Traditional Chinese Medicine Five State Emotion Questionnaire were completed to evaluate the curative effect. Patients were followed up by telephone call. Recurrence at 3, 6 and 12 months was recorded. Results:Before treatment, there were no significant differences in the scores of the Bech-Rafaelsen Mania Rating Scale (BRMs), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), Traditional Chinese Medicine Five State Emotion Questionnaire, Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) between the two groups (all P > 0.05). During and after treatment, BRMs, HAMD, Traditional Chinese Medicine Five State Emotion Questionnaire, and SCL-90 scores were significantly decreased in each group compared with before treatment [Control group: BRMs score during and after treatment: (11.52 ± 1.57) points, (9.43 ± 1.05) points; HAMD score during and after treatment: (16.75 ± 3.05) points, (13.61 ± 2.51) points; Traditional Chinese Medicine Five State Emotion Questionnaire: emotional vocabulary (67.25 ± 5.7) points, (56.38 ± 4.97) points, physical symptoms (29.52 ± 3.94) points, (24.19 ± 3.05) points, SCL-90 score: (100.52 ± 10.26) points, (68.85 ± 7.33) points. Study group: BRMs score during and after treatment: (9.33 ± 1.09) points, (7.85 ± 0.82) points; HAMD score: (13.74 ± 2.54) points, (10.17 ± 1.97) points; Traditional Chinese Medicine Five State Emotion Questionnaire: emotional vocabulary: (58.19 ± 5.06) points, (46.85 ± 4.06) points, physical symptoms (25.14 ± 3.54) points, (20.11 ± 2.57) points; SCL-90 scores: (90.85 ± 8.97) points, (56.87 ± 5.81) points]. During and after treatment, scores of BRMs, HAMD, Traditional Chinese Medicine Five State Emotion Questionnaire and SCL-90 in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t = 3.77, 7.01, 4.48, 6.99, 8.78, 4.89, 6.05, 4.19, 7.57, all P < 0.05). Total response rate in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group (90.0% vs. 72.5%, χ2 = 4.02, P < 0.05). At 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment, recurrence rate in the study group was 2.5%, 15.0% and 30.0%, respectively, which were significantly lower than 17.5%, 35.0%, and 52.5% in the control group ( χ2 = 5.00, 4.26, 4.17, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Five-element music therapy for the treatment of bipolar disorder can markedly alleviate depression and mania, restore patient's emotional state, improve clinical efficacy, and decrease recurrence rate.

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 808-813, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991415

ABSTRACT

The Master of Public Health (MPH) is one of the internationally recognized ways of training professionals in the medical and health field. With the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, the need for talents who can serve the national public health emergency management system has accelerated. This article makes the comparison of public health education in China and the UK, starting from the reasons and advantages of medical education in two countries, selecting several universities with high rankings in public health in China and the UK as the research objects, collecting and summarizing their programme descriptions, from the enrollment mode, training objectives, cultivation mode and degree types, curriculum settings, etc., in the MPH programme descriptions in order to find the advantages of MPH education in the UK, which can be used for reference in the education and training of public health talents in China, and is of great significance for the improvement and optimization of MPH education in China.

19.
Podium (Pinar Río) ; 17(3): 1124-1140, sept.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406294

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La concentración de la atención es fundamental en el boxeo, actividad donde el deportista se enfrenta a un contrario a corta distancia, en un combate que transcurre en un tiempo limitado, planteándole elevadas exigencias al proceso de atención. Objetivo: El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo comparar la concentración de la atención en boxeadores categoría 15 - 16 años de la Eide "Mártires de Barbados" de La Habana, antes y después de la intervención psicológica del proceso. Materiales y métodos: La muestra fue de 20 deportistas de interés competitivo. La evaluación se realizó en dos momentos durante la etapa de preparación especial; el primero antes de realizar acciones de intervención psicológica del proceso y el segundo luego de ocho semanas realizándolas. Para el diagnóstico inicial se utilizaron las siguientes técnicas: Test de Anillos de Landolt, escala de autovaloración a deportistas, escala de valoración externa a entrenadores, entrevista a deportistas y observación estructurada a entrenamientos y competencias. En el retest, se repitieron las tres primeras técnicas mencionadas. Resultados: Los principales resultados arrojados inicialmente fueron una concentración evaluada de mal y de regular en el 50 % y 40 % de la muestra respectivamente, expresadas fundamentalmente en reiteración de errores ya corregidos por los entrenadores y en dificultad para mantener la focalización. Post intervención se comprobó una mejora de la concentración de la atención, al obtenerse un diagnóstico de bien, muy bien y excelente en el 35 %, 20 % y 20 % de la muestra respectivamente. Conclusiones: Se concluye que la intervención propuesta contribuyó a una mejoría en el diagnóstico del proceso.


SÍNTESE Introdução: A concentração da atenção é fundamental no boxe, uma atividade onde o atleta enfrenta um adversário a curta distância, em um combate que ocorre em um tempo limitado, colocando altas exigências no processo de atenção. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a concentração de atenção nos boxeadores da categoria "Mártires de Barbados" Eide em Havana, antes e depois da intervenção psicológica do processo. Materiais e métodos: A amostra consistiu de 20 atletas de interesse competitivo. A avaliação foi realizada em dois momentos durante a fase de preparação especial; o primeiro antes de realizar as ações de intervenção sicológica do processo e o segundo após oito semanas de realização das mesmas. Para o diagnóstico inicial, foram utilizadas as seguintes técnicas: Landolt's Ring Test, escala de auto-avaliação para atletas, escala de avaliação externa para treinadores, entrevista com atletas e observação estruturada de sessões de treinamento e competições. No novo teste, as três primeiras técnicas mencionadas acima foram repetidas. Resultados: Os principais resultados mostraram inicialmente uma concentração fraca e justa em 50% e 40% da amostra respectivamente, expressa principalmente na repetição de erros já corrigidos pelos treinadores e na dificuldade de manter o foco. Após a intervenção, verificou-se uma melhora na concentração da atenção, obtendo-se um diagnóstico de bom, muito bom e excelente em 35%, 20% e 20% da amostra, respectivamente. Conclusões: Conclui-se que a intervenção proposta contribuiu para uma melhoria no diagnóstico do processo.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The concentration of attention is essential in boxing, an activity where the athlete faces an opponent at close range, in a fight that takes place in a limited time, placing high demands on the attention process. Objective: The present study aimed to compare the concentration of attention in boxers category 15 - 16 years of the Sport Initiation School (Eide in Spanish) "Mártires de Barbados" in Havana, before and after the psychological intervention of the process. Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 20 athletes of competitive interest. The evaluation was carried out at two moments during the special preparation stage; the first before carrying out psychological intervention actions of the process and the second after eight weeks carrying them out. For the initial diagnosis, the following techniques were used: Landolt Ring Test, self-assessment scale for athletes, external assessment scale for coaches, interviews with athletes, and structured observation of training and competitions. In the retest, the first three techniques mentioned were repeated. Results: The main results initially obtained were a concentration evaluated as bad and regular in 50 % and 40 % of the sample, respectively, expressed mainly in the repetition of errors already corrected by the coaches and in difficulty in maintaining focus. Post-intervention, an improvement in attention concentration was verified, obtaining a diagnosis of good, very good and excellent in 35 %, 20 % and 20 % of the sample, respectively. Conclusions: It is concluded that the proposed intervention contributed to an improvement in the diagnosis of the process.

20.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 13(3): 1-13, 20220831.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1402468

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El apoyo social percibido durante la gestación es importante para la salud mental perinatal. Sin embargo, poco se conoce sobre estas variables en la población colombiana.Objetivo: Comparar el apoyo social percibido según variables sociodemográficas, ginecobstétricas y afecto positivo en mujeres gestantes de Santa Marta, Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Participaron 40 mujeres entre 19 y 41 años (M=26.48; DE=5.03), que se encontraban en su tercer trimestre de embarazo, beneficiarias de un programa de promoción de la lactancia materna exclusiva. Las participantes diligenciaron una ficha de información sociodemográfica y ginecobstétrica, la Escala Multidimensional de Apoyo Social Percibido (α=0.88) y una subescala de la Escala de Afectos Positivos y Negativos (α=0.82). Se aplicó la prueba U de Mann-Whitney para los análisis estadísticos comparativos y se siguieron los lineamientos éticos en investigación con humanos. Resultados: 67% de las participantes fueron de estrato socioeconómico bajo, 87.5% tenía pareja, 67.5% contaba con estudios superiores, 42.5% tenía trabajo y 47.5% eran madres primerizas. Las mujeres de estrato socioeconómico alto percibieron mayor apoyo social por parte de sus amigos (p=0.01). El apoyo social familiar fue significativamente más alto en las madres primerizas (p=0.01) y en las que reportaron mayor afecto positivo (p=0.03). Por último, el apoyo social por parte de personas significativas fue mayor cuando era el primer embarazo de la mujer (p=0.02). Conclusión: Se encontraron diferencias significativas en algunas dimensiones del apoyo social percibido según el estrato socioeconómico, ser madre primeriza y el afecto positivo. Se recomienda realizar otros estudios con mayor tamaño muestral.


Introduction: Perceived social support during gestation is important for perinatal mental health. However, little is known about these variables in the Colombian population. Objetive: To compare perceived social support with sociodemographic and gynaeco-obstetric variables and positive affect in pregnant women in Santa Marta, Colombia. Materials and Methods: Forty women between 19 and 41 years of age (M=26.48; SD=5.03), in their third trimester of pregnancy and beneficiaries of a program to promote exclusive breastfeeding, participated. The participants filled out a sociodemographic and gynaeco-obstetric form, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) (α=0.88), and a subscale of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) (α=0.82). The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparative statistical analyses. Ethical guidelines for human research were followed. Results: 67% of the participants belonged to a low socioeconomic status, 87.5% had a partner, 67.5% had a higher education, 42.5% were employed, and 47.5% were new mothers. Women of higher socioeconomic status perceived greater social support from their friends (p = 0.01). Family social support was significantly higher in first-time mothers (p=0.01) and mothers who reported higher positive affect (p = 0.03). Finally, social support from significant others was higher when it was the woman's first pregnancy (p=0.02). Conclusions: Significant differences were found in some dimensions of perceived social support according to socioeconomic status, being a first-time mother, and positive affect. Further studies with larger sample sizes are recommended.


Introdução: O apoio social percebido durante a gravidez é importante para a saúde mental perinatal. No entanto, pouco se sabe sobre essas variáveis na população colombiana. Objetivo: Comparar o apoio social percebido segundo variáveis sociodemográficas, ginecológicas e de afeto positivo em gestantes de Santa Marta, Colômbia. Materiais e Métodos: Participaram 40 mulheres entre 19 e 41 anos (M=26,48; DP=5,03), que estavam no terceiro trimestre de gestação, beneficiárias de um programa de promoção do aleitamento materno exclusivo. As participantes preencheram uma ficha sociodemográfica e ginecológica, a Escala Multidimensional de Suporte Social Percebido (α=0,88) e uma subescala da Escala de Afetos Positivos e Negativos (α=0,82). O teste U de Mann-Whitney foi aplicado para análise estatística comparativa e foram seguidas as diretrizes éticas para pesquisa em humanos. Resultados: 67% das participantes eram de baixo nível socioeconômico, 87,5% tinham companheiro, 67,5% tinham ensino superior, 42,5% trabalhavam e 47,5% eram mães de primeira viagem. As mulheres de nível socioeconômico alto perceberam maior apoio social dos amigos (p=0,01). O apoio social familiar foi significativamente maior nas novas mães (p=0,01) e naquelas que relataram maior afeto positivo (p=0,03). Por fim, o apoio social de pessoas significativas foi maior quando se tratava da primeira gravidez da mulher (p=0,02). Conclusões: Foram encontradas diferenças significativas em algumas dimensões do suporte social percebido de acordo com o nível socioeconômico, ser mãe de primeira viagem e afeto positivo. Outros estudos com tamanho amostral maior são recomendados.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy Trimesters , Social Support , Comparative Study , Colombia , Affect
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