Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 7.870
Filter
1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-7, 01/jan./2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361637

ABSTRACT

Aim: to identify which complications and prognosis of diabetic patients, hospitalized, who acquired COVID-19, through a systematic review. Methods: a systematic review based on the PRISMA flowchart, including cohort studies, available in Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, and Mandarin, published from 2019 to 2020, using the PICOS strategy, in the databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Scielo, Lilacs, Scopus and Science Direct, which in addition to the inclusion criteria after questionnaires to assess methodological quality and risk of bias. Results: of the 811 articles researched, 6 were included in this research. These studies showed that patients with COVID-19 and higher DM with worse prognosis, spent more time in the ICU, constantly needed indifference, greater complications when related to other comorbidities, high mortality rate, and glycemic control associated with advanced age directly affected patients. Outcomes even of non-diabetic subjects. Conclusion: this review identified the severity of the pathophysiological association is related to older age and biochemical and inflammatory factors linked to the two pathogens and that these subjects are more prone to specialized hospital care, which, however, result in high rates of hospital mortality.


Objetivo: identificar quais complicações e prognósticos dos pacientes diabéticos, internados, que adquiriram COVID-19, por meio de uma revisão sistemática. Métodos: foi realizada uma revisão sistemática baseada no fluxograma PRISMA, incluindo estudos de coorte, disponíveis em português, inglês, espanhol, francês e mandarim, publicados de 2019 a 2020, utilizando a estratégia PICOS, nas bases de dados: PubMed, Web of Science, Scielo, Lilacs, Scopus e Sciece Direct. Além dos critérios de inclusão passam por questionários para avaliar a qualidade metodológica e risco de viés. Resultados: dos 811 artigos pesquisados, 6 foram incluídos nesta pesquisa. Esses estudos mostraram que pacientes com COVID-19 e DM apresentam pior prognóstico, maior permanência em UTI, necessidade constante de ventilação invasiva, maiores complicações quando relacionadas a outras comorbidades, elevado índice de mortalidade, e o controle glicêmico associado à idade avançada afetavam diretamente os desfechos inclusive de pacientes não diabéticos. Conclusão: esta revisão identificou que a gravidade da associação fisiopatológica está relacionada à idade mais avançada e aos fatores bioquímicos e inflamatórios ligados aos dois patógenos e que esses sujeitos são mais propensos ao atendimento hospitalar especializado, o que, no entanto, resulta em altas taxas de mortalidade hospitalar.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Strategies , Hospital Mortality , Diabetes Mellitus , Glycemic Control
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(5): 505-508, Set.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376665

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Gestational Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders that result in glucose intolerance during pregnancy. Among the range of treatments are diet, continuous use of medication, and psychological monitoring. Since it is a multidisciplinary treatment, a proper protocol is vital for a favorable outcome. In addition, there are questions about the benefits of physical activity as a complementary therapy. Objective: To verify the impact of adding exercise to the hospital protocol for patients with gestational diabetes, both on the risks of type 2 diabetes in pregnant women and on the obesity of their offspring. Methods: Sixty pregnant women diagnosed with Gestational Diabetes were randomly divided into control and intervention groups. Both groups received specific treatment and intervention, and the experimental group practiced controlled moderate-intensity physical activity (125-146bpm). Morning blood samples were collected from both groups to check fasting glucose and insulin levels, indicators of lipid metabolism, low and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein B. The Brog scale measured the fatigue level. In addition, the premature rupture of membranes, postpartum hemorrhage, neonatal asphyxia, macrosomia, and others was checked. Results: The peripheral blood total cholesterol levels were 5.93, 5. 38, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were 2.95 before versus 2.64 after, and apolipoprotein B levels were 1.84 versus 1.59 in the control group, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol content increased from 1.74 to 1.88, blood cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B levels after the intervention in the experimental group were lower than those in the control group, with an elevation of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Conclusion: Aerobic exercise proved to be more appropriate for patients with gestational diabetes in the later stages of pregnancy and may also be adapted for bedridden patients refractory to traditional drugs. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the result.


RESUMO Introdução: O Diabetes Gestacional é um grupo de desordens metabólicas que resultam na intolerância à glicose durante a gravidez, dentre o leque de tratamentos está a dieta, o uso continuo de medicamentos, e acompanhamento psicológico. Por ser um tratamento multidisciplinar, é importante que haja um protocolo adequado para um desfecho favorável. Há questionamentos quanto aos benefícios de atividades físicas como terapia complementar. Objetivo: Verificar o impacto da adição de exercícios ao protocolo hospitalar para pacientes com diabetes gestacional, tanto nos riscos de diabetes tipo 2 em grávidas quanto na obesidade de seus descendentes. Métodos: Sessenta mulheres grávidas que foram diagnosticadas com Diabetes Gestacional foram aleatoriamente divididas em grupos controle e intervenção. Ambos grupos receberam tratamento e intervenção específicos e o grupo experimental praticou atividade física de intensidade moderada controlada (125-146bpm). Amostras de sangue em jejum matinal foram coletados em ambos os grupos para verificar níveis de glicose e insulina em jejum, indicadores de metabolismo lipídico, colesterol lipoproteico de baixa e alta densidade, apolipoproteína B. Verificou-se também o nível de fadiga pela escala Brog, ruptura prematura de bolsa, hemorragia pós-parto, asfixia neo-natal, macrossomia entre outros. Resultados: Os níveis de colesterol total no sangue periférico foram de 5,93, 5.38, os níveis de colesterol lipoproteico de baixa densidade foram 2,95 antes contra 2,64 depois e os níveis de apolipoproteína B foram 1,84 contra 1,59 no grupo controle, o conteúdo de colesterol lipoproteico de alta densidade aumentou de 1,74 para 1,88, os níveis de colesterol, e apolipoproteína B sanguíneos depois da intervenção no grupo experimental foram menores que os do grupo controle, com elevação do colesterol lipoprotéico de alta densidade. Conclusão: O exercício aeróbico mostrou-se mais adequado para pacientes com diabetes gestacional nos estágios posteriores da gravidez, podendo ser adaptado inclusive para as pacientes acamadas refratárias aos fármacos tradicionais. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


Resumen Introducción: La diabetes gestacional es un grupo de trastornos metabólicos que dan lugar a una intolerancia a la glucosa durante el embarazo. Entre la gama de tratamientos se encuentra la dieta, el uso continuado de medicamentos y el seguimiento psicológico. Al tratarse de un tratamiento multidisciplinar, es importante contar con un protocolo adecuado para obtener un resultado favorable. Existen dudas sobre los beneficios de la actividad física como terapia complementaria. Objetivo: Comprobar el impacto de añadir el ejercicio al protocolo hospitalario para pacientes con diabetes gestacional, tanto en los riesgos de diabetes tipo 2 en las mujeres embarazadas como en la obesidad de su descendencia. Métodos: Sesenta mujeres embarazadas a las que se les diagnosticó diabetes gestacional fueron divididas aleatoriamente en grupos de control y de intervención. Ambos grupos recibieron un tratamiento y una intervención específicos y el grupo experimental practicó una actividad física controlada de intensidad moderada (125-146bpm). Se tomaron muestras de sangre en ayunas por la mañana de ambos grupos para comprobar los niveles de glucosa e insulina en ayunas, los indicadores del metabolismo de los lípidos, el colesterol de lipoproteínas de baja y alta densidad, la apolipoproteína B. También se comprobó el nivel de fatiga según la escala de Brog, la rotura prematura de bolsa, la hemorragia posparto, la asfixia neonatal y la macrosomía, entre otros. Resultados: Los niveles de colesterol total en sangre periférica fueron de 5,93, 5. 38, los niveles de colesterol de lipoproteínas de baja densidad eran de 2,95 antes frente a 2,64 después y los niveles de apolipoproteína B eran de 1,84 frente a 1,59 en el grupo de control, el contenido de colesterol de lipoproteínas de alta densidad aumentó de 1,74 a 1,88, el colesterol en sangre y los niveles de apolipoproteína B después de la intervención en el grupo experimental fueron inferiores a los del grupo de control, con una elevación del colesterol de lipoproteínas de alta densidad. Conclusión: El ejercicio aeróbico resultó ser más apropiado para las pacientes con diabetes gestacional en las últimas fases del embarazo, y puede adaptarse incluso a las pacientes encamadas y refractarias a los fármacos tradicionales. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): 248-256, Agosto 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1371822

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El seno dérmico cefálico es un tractotubular formado por una separación incompleta entre el ectodermo neural y el ectodermo epitelial;puede tener complicaciones infecciosas. Existen reportes aislados de esta patología. Objetivo: describir una serie de pacientescon seno dérmico craneal, las formas depresentación, el diagnóstico, el tratamiento y las complicaciones. Población y métodos. Estudio observacionaldescriptivo de una serie de pacientes pediátricos con seno dérmico cefálico atendidos en unhospital pediátrico de nivel III entre 2014 y 2019. Resultados. se incluyeron 18 pacientes. La clínicade presentación fue, en 12 casos, una lesión puntual en el cuero cabelludo, hipertensiónendocraneana en 4 casos, ataxia en 1 caso y lesión puntual con fístula en 1 caso. La mitad presentó síntomas de infección. La localización fue en la línea media sobre el hueso occipital en 13 casos, en la línea media sobre el hueso frontal en 3 casos y en la línea media interparietal en 2 casos. En 5 casos se encontró asociada una imagen extracraneana y, en 11 casos, una complicación intracraneana. Ningún paciente presentó recidiva de la lesión y en todos se realizó un solo procedimiento quirúrgico. Conclusiones. Los senos dérmicos en esta serie se presentaron como lesiones puntuales en cuerocabelludo. La localización más frecuente fue a nivel occipital sobre línea media y, en más de la mitad, atravesaba el hueso. El tratamiento de elección fue la exéresis completa del seno dérmicoy las lesiones asociadas. Ante la presencia de senos dérmicos sintomáticos o asociados alesiones intracraneanas, la cirugía se realizó de urgencia.


Introduction. A cranial dermal sinus is a tubular tract resulting from the incomplete separation of the epithelial ectoderm from the neuroectoderm which may lead to infectious complicationsThere have been isolated reports of this condition. Objective. To describe a series of patients with cranial dermal sinus, its presentation, diagnosis, management, and complications. Population and methods. Observational,descriptive study of a series of pediatric patients with cranial dermal sinus treated at a tertiary care children's hospital between 2014 and 2019. Results. A total of 18 patients were included. Theclinical presentation was a specific lesion on the scalp in 12 cases, intracranial hypertension in 4, ataxia in 1, and a specific lesion with fistula tract in 1. Half of patients had symptoms of infection. The lesion was located in the midline of the occipital bone in 13 cases; in the midline of the frontal bone in 3 cases; and in the interparietal midline in 2 cases. The dermal sinus was associated with anextracranial image in 5 cases and an intracranial complication in 11 cases. No patient hadrecurrence and only one surgery was performed in all of them. Conclusions. In this series, dermal sinusespresented as specific lesions on the scalp. The most common site was the occipital midline, and more than 50% of these extended through the bone. The treatment of choice was complete resection of dermal sinus and associated lesions. An emergency surgery was performed when the dermal sinus was symptomatic or associated with intracranial lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Spina Bifida Occulta/surgery , Spina Bifida Occulta/complications , Spina Bifida Occulta/diagnosis , Tertiary Healthcare , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Hospitals
4.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 373-381, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375643

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Current pacemakers allow for the continuous recording of the occurrence of arrhythmic events. One of the most frequent arrhythmias after implantation of a device is atrial fibrillation (AF), an important risk factor for embolic events. The frequency of this arrhythmia in pacemaker patients has not been widely studied. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence, incidence, and predictors of the occurrence of AF in patients with double-chamber pacemakers and without a history of atrial fibrillation prior to implantation. Methods: A dynamic, retrospective, and prospective cohort study was carried out with 186 patients undergoing biannual follow-up of the double-chamber pacemaker, without previous AF, in a single service, between 2016 and 2018. Clinical data were collected from the medical records and the telemetry of the device and the prevalence, incidence rate, relative risk by univariate analysis (by chi-square), and risk ratio were calculated by multivariate analysis (by Cox regression); values of p<0.05 were considered significant. Results: There was a prevalence of 25.3% FA, with an incidence of 5.64 cases / 100 persons-year. The median time for the development of arrhythmia was 27.5 months. Multivariate analysis identified 5 statistically significant predictors: male gender, OR: 2.54 [1.04-6.15]; coronary artery disease, OR: 2.98 [1.20-7.41]; hypothyroidism, OR: 3.63 [1.46-9.07]; prior heart surgery, OR: 2.67 [1.01-7]; and left atrial enlargement, OR: 2.72 [1.25-5.92]. Conclusions: The prevalence and incidence of AF in this population are high. Risk factors for AF were: male gender, coronary artery disease, hypothyroidism, prior heart surgery, and left atrial enlargement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pacemaker, Artificial , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Atrioventricular Node , Cohort Studies , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hypertension
5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 410-418, May-June 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375650

ABSTRACT

Abstract An acute respiratory syndrome caused by SARS-CoV2 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. Current data in the world and in Brazil show that approximately 40% of patients who died have some type of cardiac comorbidity. There are also robust reports showing an increase in IL-6 / IL-1B / TNF-alpha and the presence of lymphopenia in patients with COVID-19. Our team and others have shown that increased cytokines are the link between arrhythmias/Left ventricular dysfunction and the immune system in different diseases. In addition, it has been well demonstrated that lymphopenia can not only be a good marker, but also a factor that causes heart failure. Thus, the present review focused on the role of the immune system upon the cardiac alterations observed in the SARS-CoV2 infection. Additionally, it was well described that SARS-CoV-2 is able to infect cardiac cells. Therefore, here it will be reviewed in deep.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , COVID-19/complications , Heart Failure/etiology , Myocardium/immunology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Cytokines , Cytokines/immunology , Coronavirus/pathogenicity , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Myocytes, Cardiac/pathology , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Heart Failure/complications , Lymphopenia/complications
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 434-447, junio 14, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378718

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En las últimas décadas, la terapia endovascular en aneurismas aórticos abdominales ha ganado un papel representativo en los escenarios quirúrgicos, lo que nos motivó a conocer los resultados de este procedimiento en nuestra población. Métodos. Estudio analítico retrospectivo en el cual se incluyeron los primeros 50 casos de aneurismas aórticos abdominales con terapia endovascular, en la ciudad de Manizales, Colombia, entre los años 2015 y 2021. Se describió la población estudiada, la relación de los antecedentes prequirúrgicos con las complicaciones posoperatorias, la estancia hospitalaria y la mortalidad. Resultados.La edad promedio fue de 73 años, el sexo predominante fue el femenino (72 %), el aneurisma fusiforme fue el tipo más frecuente (63,3 %), con un diámetro promedio de 70 mm (+/- 17,3 mm). En relación con los antecedentes, el más frecuente fue hipertensión arterial (86 %), encontrándose una asociación entre la presencia de enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica e hipertensión arterial con las complicaciones. Se encontró también relación entre el valor de creatinina con las complicaciones. Las complicaciones tempranas fueron de carácter leve en la mayoría de los casos (30,6 %), a diferencia de las tardías, que fueron principalmente graves (12,5 %), asociadas a una mortalidad del 10,2 % y una estancia hospitalaria promedio de 10,8 días (mediana de 5 días). Conclusiones. La población analizada tiene una alta carga de morbilidad, en la cual factores como los antecedentes médicos prequirúrgicos y la función renal, se asocian con una mayor morbilidad postquirúrgica y mortalidad.


Introduction. In recent decades, endovascular therapy in abdominal aortic aneurysms has gained a representative role in surgical scenarios, which motivated us to learn about the results of this procedure in our population. Methods. Retrospective analytical study, which included the first 50 cases of abdominal aortic aneurysms with endovascular therapy, in the city of Manizales, Colombia, between 2015 and 2021. The study population was described as the relationship between pre-surgical history and post-operative complications, hospital stay and mortality. Results. The average age was 73 years, the predominant sex was female (72%), the fusiform aneurysm was the most frequent type (63.3%), with an average diameter of 70 mm (± 17.3 mm). In relation to history, the most frequent was arterial hypertension (86%), finding an association between the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and arterial hypertension with complications. A relationship was also found between the creatinine value and complications. Early complications were mild in most cases (30.6%), unlike late complications, which were mainly serious (12.5%), associated with a mortality of 10.2% and a hospital stay average of 10.8 days (median of 5 days). Conclusions. The analyzed population has a high burden of morbidity, in which factors such as pre-surgical medical history and renal function are associated with greater post-surgical morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta, Abdominal , Postoperative Complications , Risk Factors , Mortality
7.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(2): 233-238, abr.jun.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379875

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Com o surgimento do conceito de síndrome Pós-COVID-19, o RT PCR negativo, isoladamente, não deve representar a completa recuperação da doença. Nesse contexto, interroga-se: qual segurança de operar um paciente que já apresentou COVID-19? Relato de Caso: Paciente feminina, 36 anos, apresentou COVID-19, com sintomas leves, em dezembro de 2020. Já com resultado negativo de RT-PCR e assintomática, foi submetida a mamoplastia redutora, em janeiro de 2021, utilizando-se a técnica de pedículo inferior do tipo I de Liacyr Ribeiro, com ascensão do complexo areolopapilar (CAP) pela manobra de Letterman. No primeiro dia de pós-operatório, reabriu quadro gripal sintomático e o manteve durante todo o período pós-operatório. Apesar do tratamento satisfatório da necrose parcial de CAP direito, a paciente manteve sintomas respiratórios e sistêmicos sugestivos do retorno do quadro de COVID-19 em pós-operatório tardio. Discussão: Define-se síndrome Pós-COVID-19 como a persistência dos sintomas de COVID-19, por pelo menos 6 meses, após fase aguda da infecção. A fisiopatologia da síndrome não é completamente elucidada, todavia propõe-se relação com a síndrome de Ativação Mastocitária. No relato, ressaltamos a proximidade cronológica entre a infecção por SARS-CoV-2 e o retorno de sintomas respiratórios e sistêmicos sugestivos da síndrome Pós-COVID-19, assim como enfatizamos a necessidade de conhecer os possíveis sintomas e complicações desta síndrome, sobretudo no contexto de pós-operatório. Conclusão: É evidente a necessidade de análise pré-operatória minuciosa em pacientes com histórico clínico de infecção pelo COVID-19, uma vez que há maior risco de complicações pós-operatórias.


Introduction: As the concept of post-COVID-19 syndrome emerges, the negative result of an RT-PCR test is no longer enough to represent a patient's complete clinical recovery. In this context, a question arises: what are the risks of performing surgery on a patient whom COVID-19 has already infected? Case Report: Female patient, 36 years, infected by COVID-19 in December 2020, showing mild symptoms. Once asymptomatic and with a negative RT-PCR test, she was submitted to a breast reduction surgery, in January 2021, through the inferior pedicle technique by Liacyr Ribeiro and Nipple- Areolar Complex (NAC) ascension by Letterman maneuver. On the first postoperative day, the patient developed respiratory symptoms, which continued throughout the postoperative period. Despite the unsatisfactory treatment of partial necrosis of the right NAC, the patient maintained respiratory and systemic symptoms suggestive of the return of COVID-19 in the late postoperative period. Discussion: Post-COVID-19 syndrome is defined as the persistence of symptoms of COVID-19, for at least 6 months, after the acute phase of infection. The syndrome's pathophysiology is not completely elucidated; however, a relationship with the Mast Cell Activation Syndrome is proposed. In the report, we emphasize the chronological proximity between SARS-CoV-2 infection and the return of respiratory and systemic symptoms suggestive of post- COVID-19 syndrome and the need to know the possible symptoms and complications of this syndrome, especially in the context of postoperative. Conclusion: The need for a thorough preoperative analysis in patients with a clinical history of COVID-19 infection is evident since there is a greater risk of postoperative complications.

10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(5): 927-934, maio 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374368

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Alguns estudos demonstraram uma maior prevalência de óbitos em portadores de fatores de risco cardiovascular (FRC) durante internação por COVID-19. Objetivos Avaliar o impacto do alto risco cardiovascular em pacientes internados em terapia intensiva por COVID-19 Métodos Estudo retrospectivo com pacientes admitidos em terapia intensiva, com diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19 por RT-PCR e com pelo menos uma dosagem de troponina durante a internação. Os critérios para definição de paciente de alto risco cardiovascular (ARC) foram: histórico de doença cardiovascular estabelecida (infarto, AVC ou doença arterial periférica), diabetes, doença renal crônica com clearance < 60ml/min ou presença de 3 FRC (hipertensão, tabagismo, dislipidemia ou idade > 65 anos). O desfecho primário deste estudo é mortalidade hospitalar por todas as causas. P<0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados Foram incluídos 236 pacientes, média de idade= 61,14±16,2 anos, com 63,1% homens, 55,5% hipertensos e 33,1% diabéticos. Um total de 47,4% dos pacientes apresentavam ARC. Observou-se um aumento significativo da mortalidade conforme aumento do número de fatores de risco (0 FRC: 5,9%; 1 FRC: 17,5%; 2 FRC: 32,2% e ≥3 FRC: 41,2%; p=0,001). Na regressão logística ajustada para gravidade (escore SAPS3), o grupo de alto risco cardiovascular e troponina elevada apresentou maior ocorrência de mortalidade hospitalar (OR 40,38; IC95% 11,78-138,39). Pacientes sem alto risco cardiovascular, mas com troponina elevada, também exibiram associação significativa com o desfecho primário (OR 16,7; IC95% 4,45-62,74). Conclusão Em pacientes internados em terapia intensiva por COVID-19, a presença de alto risco cardiovascular afeta a mortalidade hospitalar somente em pacientes que apresentaram elevação de troponina.


Abstract Background Some studies have shown a higher prevalence of deaths in patients with cardiovascular risk factors (CRF) during hospitalization for COVID-19. Objectives To assess the impact of high cardiovascular risk in patients hospitalized in intensive care for COVID-19 Methods Retrospective study with patients admitted to an intensive care unit, with a diagnosis of COVID-19 confirmed by RT-PCR, and with at least one troponin measurement during hospitalization. The criteria for defining high cardiovascular risk (HCR) patients were: history of established cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarction, stroke, or peripheral arterial disease), diabetes, chronic kidney disease with clearance < 60ml/min, or presence of 3 CRFs (hypertension, smoking, dyslipidemia, or age > 65 years). The primary outcome of this study is all-cause in-hospital mortality. P<0.05 was considered significant. Results This study included 236 patients, mean age = 61.14±16.2 years, with 63.1% men, 55.5% hypertensive, and 33.1% diabetic; 47.4% of the patients also presented HCR. A significant increase in mortality was observed as the number of risk factors increased (0 FRC: 5.9%; 1 FRC: 17.5%; 2 FRC: 32.2% and ≥3 FRC: 41.2%; p=0.001). In the logistic regression adjusted for severity (SAPS3 score), the HCR and myocardial injury group had a higher occurrence of in-hospital mortality (OR 40.38; 95% CI 11.78-138.39). Patients without HCR but with myocardial injury also exhibited a significant association with the primary outcome (OR 16.7; 95% CI 4.45-62.74). Conclusion In patients hospitalized in intensive care for COVID-19, HCR impacts in-hospital mortality only in patients with myocardial injury.

12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(5): 1703-1712, maio 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374957

ABSTRACT

Resumen La experiencia de la morbilidad materna extrema (MME) implica una situación de múltiples cambios, donde la percepción de calidad de vida se modifica generando una brecha entre lo percibido y lo deseado. El objetivo es comprender los significados de sobrevivientes a MME de la experiencia vivida, y la influencia de estos en los procesos de reconstrucción de su cotidianidad. Estudio cualitativo desde la perspectiva del interaccionismo simbólico y análisis con elementos de la teoría fundamentada, empleando entrevistas semiestructuradas con mujeres de una ciudad colombiana. La experiencia de MME es comprendida por las participantes como "un sufrimiento que vale la pena" y se construye desde los significados dados a cada etapa vivida: (1) embarazo: un suceso inesperado que es mejor en compañía; (2) la complicación: la angustia de la separación; (3) la vida después de la casi muerte. La percepción de calidad de vida de las mujeres depende tanto de la vivencia del evento, como del apoyo social; además, de la sobrevivencia del bebé. El rol de los servicios de salud es crítico, ya que se profundizan sentires de soledad, preocupación y estrés, cuando el personal sanitario tiene una relación deshumanizada con las mujeres.


Abstract Experiencing extreme maternal morbidity (EMM) implies multiple changes, where the perception of quality of life is modified, generating a gap between what is perceived and what is desired. The aim is to understand the meanings attributed to EMM by survivors of the experience and the effect of these meanings on the processes of reconstruction of daily life. A qualitative study from the perspective of symbolic interactionism that included an analysis based on elements of grounded theory by conducting semi-structured interviews with women from a Colombian city. The experience of EMM is understood by the participants as "a suffering that is worthwhile" and is constructed from the meanings given to each stage that is experienced: (1) pregnancy: an unexpected event that is better when accompanied by a partner/family; (2) the complication: separation distress; (3) life after near-death. Women's perception of quality of life depends on both the experience of the event and social support, as well as on the baby's survival. The role of health services is critical because loneliness, worry, and stress intensify when health personnel have a dehumanized relationship with women.

13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(5): 568-573, May 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376192

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to analyze and report on the complications that occurred in the cochlear implant surgeries performed at a large philanthropic teaching hospital located in a low-income area of Brazil. METHODS: A historical cohort study that analyzed surgical records of 432 patients of all age groups and both genders who received unilateral cochlear implant in a tertiary referral center that serves only Brazil's Public Health Care System patients, from February 2009 to December 2017. RESULTS: A total of 67 (15.5%) complications occurred in the cochlear implant surgeries, with 21 (5.4%) major complications. Minor complications occurred in 50 (12%) cases. The most frequent major complication was receiver-stimulator displacement (four cases). There were three cases of hardware failure. Only one case of meningitis and one case of facial nerve paralysis (grade VI in House-Brackmann scale) were found. Six patients needed to be explanted due to a major complication. The relative risk of major complications in the population aged 60 years and older was 4.41 (1.53-12.72; 95% confidence interval [CI]). CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients suffered more complications than younger patients. receiver-stimulator displacement and dizziness were the most frequent complications (major and minor, respectively). The overall complication rates were comparable to those in the literature. Age as an isolated risk factor for complications in cochlear implant surgery is a path to be explored in future observations.

14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(5): 591-598, May 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376194

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: We investigated surgical complications of elective surgery for diverticulitis in international multi-institution to identify a prediction model for potential opportunities of quality improvement. METHODS: We identified 1225 patients who underwent elective surgery for diverticulitis between January 2010 and January 2018. The data were obtained from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program and the Turkish Diverticulitis Study Group Collaborative, retrospectively. RESULTS: We observed that the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR: 3.2, 95%CI 1.8-5.9, p<0.001) or abscess at the time of surgery (OR: 1.4, 95%CI 1.2-1.7, p£0.001) is associated with a higher rate of minor complications, while comorbidities such as dyspnea (OR: 2.8, 95%CI 1.6-4.9, p£0.001) and preoperative sepsis (OR: 4.1, 95%CI 2.3-7.3, p£0.001) are associated with major complications. The centers had similar findings in minor and major complications (OR: 0.8, 95%CI 0.5-1.4, p=0.395). The major independent predictors for complications were malnutrition (low albumin) (OR: 0.5, 95%CI 0.4-0.6, p<0.001) and the American Society of Anesthesiology score (OR: 1.7, 95%CI 1.2-2.4, p=0.002). CONCLUSION: Regarding the major and minor complications of diverticulitis of elective surgery, the malnutrition and higher American Society of Anesthesiology score showed higher impact among the quality improvement initiatives.

15.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 25-30, maio 05,2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370544

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar a incidência, os fatores associados e o impacto das complicações pulmonares no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca pediátrica. Metodologia: estudo de coorte, prospectivo, que incluiu lactentes e crianças submetidas à cirurgia cardíaca em um hospital pediátrico, no período de novembro de 2016 a julho de 2019. Foram coletados dados dos prontuários referentes ao sexo, idade, presença de outras malformações associadas, tipo de cardiopatia, ocorrência de complicações pulmonares, tempo de ventilação mecânica (VM) e de internamento na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) e óbito. Resultados: a amostra foi constituída por 111 lactentes e crianças, mediana da idade de 13 meses (7-32 meses), 54,1% do sexo feminino. Quanto ao tipo de cardiopatia, 80,2% foram cianogênicas. As complicações pulmonares ocorreram em 44,1% dos casos, sendo a mais frequente a atelectasia. A mediana do tempo de VM foi 8 horas (1-48h) e 45 (40,5%) permaneceram na VM por mais de 24h. A mediana do tempo de internamento na UTI foi de 7 dias (4-12dias). Evoluíram a óbito 7 (14,3%) pacientes. Conclusão: a amostra investigada apresentou incidência elevada de complicações pulmonares no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca


Objective: to determine the incidence, associated factors and impact of pulmonary complications in the postoperative period of pediatric cardiac surgery. Methodology: prospective cohort study, which included infants and children undergoing cardiac surgery in a pediatric hospital, from November 2016 to July 2019. Data were collected from medical records regarding sex, age, presence of other associated malformations, type of heart disease, occurrence of pulmonary complications, duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) and admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) stay and death. Results: the sample consisted of 111 infants and children, median age 13 months (7-32 months), 54.1% female. As for the type of heart disease, 80.2% were acyanotic. Pulmonary complications occurred in 44.1% of cases, with atelectasis being the most frequent. The median time on mechanical ventilation (MV) was 8 hours (1-48h) and 45 (40.5%) remained on MV for more than 24h. The median length of stay in the ICU was 7 days (4-12 days). 7 (14.3%) patients died. Conclusion: the investigated sample had a high incidence of pulmonary complications in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Thoracic Surgery , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Heart Defects, Congenital , Hospitals, Pediatric , Respiration, Artificial , Prospective Studies , Heart Diseases
17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(4): 1653-1667, abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374926

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar uma metodologia de monitoramento dos procedimentos preconizados no protocolo de atenção ao paciente diabético a partir do indicador de razão entre a oferta e a demanda de exames, segundo nível nacional, macrorregiões, UF e municípios. A prevalência de diabetes mellitus (DM) e suas complicações foi estimada a partir de modelo multinomial. A oferta de procedimentos para DM foi obtida a partir do Sistema de Informações Ambulatoriais (SIA/SUS) e a demanda a partir do número de exames definidos no protocolo como necessários por ano, segundo categorias de risco da doença. A partir disso foi criado o indicador de razão entre oferta e demanda. A inovação que ora apresentamos consiste em analisar conjuntamente a demanda por cuidado ao diabético segundo parâmetros estabelecidos e a oferta de serviços de saúde. A conexão entre o protocolo de tratamento preconizado e a existência do serviço ofertado em relação da demanda de cuidado baseada na prevalência da doença disponibiliza uma ferramenta chave de monitoramento. E, quando analisado conjuntamente ao indicador de razão entre oferta e demanda de procedimentos, essas medidas tornam-se proxy da qualidade da prevenção e atenção ao portador da doença.


Abstract This article aims to present a methodology for monitoring the procedures recommended in the care protocol for diabetic patients, based on the indicator of the ratio between supply and demand for exams, according to Brazil, macro-regions, federative units (FUs), and municipalities. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications were estimated using a multinomial model. The offer of DM procedures was obtained from the Ambulatory Information System (SIA/SUS) and the demand from the number of tests defined in the protocol as necessary per year, according to disease risk categories. Based on this, the supply-demand ratio indicator was created. The innovation here consists of analyzing the demand for diabetic care according to established parameters and the supply of health services together. The connection between the recommended treatment protocol and the existence of the service offered concerning the demand for care based on the prevalence of the disease provides a key monitoring tool. And, when analyzed together with the indicator of the ratio between supply and demand for procedures, these measures become a proxy for the quality of prevention and care for patients with the disease.

18.
Univ. salud ; 24(1): 65-75, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361187

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Affectivity has a fundamental role in educational systems' training process. However, there are no updated studies that show the different socio-affective agents used in the creation of physical habits in the child and adolescent population in school systems. Objective: To review and analyze previously published research that studied the influence of affectivity on children and adolescents' physical habits in school systems. Materials and methods: A systematic review was conducted with articles published between 2010 and 2020, which connected affectivity and physical habits. The electronic search was performed through Web of Science, Scopus, and Scielo databases. All articles that studied the influence of affectivity on the population's physical habits were included. Results: Three studies that analyzed the influence of affectivity on children and adolescents' physical habits were found. Conclusions: At the end of the systematic review, it was demonstrated that there is a significant relationship between affectivity and the physical habits in child and adolescent populations. It was also possible to observe that this influence, positive or negative, determines the child and adolescent population's interest in physical activity and sports in adult life.


Introducción: La afectividad tiene un papel fundamental dentro del proceso de formación en los sistemas educativos. Sin embargo, no existen estudios actualizados que evidencien los diversos agentes socioafectivos utilizados en la creación de hábitos físicos en la población infantil y adolescente de los sistemas escolares. Objetivo: Analizar investigaciones previamente publicadas que estudiaron la influencia de la afectividad en los hábitos físicos de niños y adolescente de los sistemas escolares. Materiales y métodos: El estudio corresponde a una revisión sistemática. Se evaluaron artículos publicados entre 2010 y 2020 que relacionaron afectividad y hábitos físicos. La búsqueda electrónica se realizó a través de las bases Web of Science, Scopus y Scielo. Se incluyeron todos los artículos que utilizaron la afectividad sobre los hábitos físicos de la población. Resultados: Se encontraron tres artículos que utilizaron la afectividad sobre los hábitos físicos de niños y adolescentes. Conclusiones: Al término de la revisión sistemática, se demostró que existe una tremenda influencia entre la afectividad y los hábitos físicos de la población infantil y adolescente. También se pudo observar que esta influencia, positiva o negativa, condiciona el interés de la población infantil y juvenil por la actividad física y el deporte en la vida adulta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Psychology , Sports , Exercise , Education , Habits , Motor Activity
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 263-274, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364963

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common oncologic disease among men. Radical treatment with curative intent provides good oncological results for PCa survivors, although definitive therapy is associated with significant number of serious side-effects. In modern-era of medicine tissue-sparing techniques, such as focal HIFU, have been proposed for PCa patients in order to provide cancer control equivalent to the standard-of-care procedures while reducing morbidities and complications. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the available evidence about focal HIFU therapy as a primary treatment for localized PCa. Material and methods: We conducted a comprehensive literature review of focal HIFU therapy in the MEDLINE database (PROSPERO: CRD42021235581). Articles published in the English language between 2010 and 2020 with more than 50 patients were included. Results: Clinically significant in-field recurrence and out-of-field progression were detected to 22% and 29% PCa patients, respectively. Higher ISUP grade group, more positive cores at biopsy and bilateral disease were identified as the main risk factors for disease recurrence. The most common strategy for recurrence management was definitive therapy. Six months after focal HIFU therapy 98% of patients were totally continent and 80% of patients retained sufficient erections for sexual intercourse. The majority of complications presented in the early postoperative period and were classified as low-grade. Conclusions: This review highlights that focal HIFU therapy appears to be a safe procedure, while short-term cancer control rate is encouraging. Though, second-line treatment or active surveillance seems to be necessary in a significant number of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Ultrasound, High-Intensity Focused, Transrectal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Salvage Therapy/methods , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
20.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(287): 7678-7684, abr.2022. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1372592

ABSTRACT

RESUMO | Objetivo: Identificar preditores de complicação no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca pediátrica. METODO: Estudo quantitativo que analisou retrospectivamente 88 prontuários de pacientes submetidos a procedimento cirúrgico no ano de 2018. Para analise dos dados foi aplicado o teste exato de Fisher e o modelo logístico univariado. Os resultados foram expressos pelo odds ratio (OR) com nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: observou-se idade média de 3,61 anos com predominância do sexo feminino. Complicações circulatórias, metabólicas, renais, respiratórias e cardiovasculares foram identificadas intra e pós-operatória. Foi identificada correlação estatística preditiva de complicações em: uso de diuréticos, hipertensão arterial, insuficiência de valva atrioventricular, hipertrofia de ventrículo direito, trissomia de cromossomo 21, leucócitos alterados nos pré-operatórios, sangramento intraoperatório, derrame pericárdico e alterações no ecocardiograma pós-operatório. CONCLUSÃO: Variáveis de condições clínicas, medicações em uso, defeitos congênitos e intercorrências intraoperatórias quando associados às complicações encontradas no pós-operatório de cirurgias cardiopediátricas mostram-se como preditivos de risco.


ABSTRACT | Objective: To identify predictors of complications in the postoperative period of pediatric cardiac surgery. METHOD: Quantitative study that retrospectively analyzed 88 medical records of patients undergoing surgical procedure in 2018. Fisher's exact test and the univariate logistic model were applied to analyze the data. The results were expressed by odds ratio (OR) with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: A mean age of 3.61 years was observed, with a predominance of females. Circulatory, metabolic, renal, respiratory and cardiovascular complications were identified intra-and postoperatively. A predictive statistical correlation of complications was identified in: use of diuretics, hypertension, atrioventricular valve insufficiency, right ventricular hypertrophy, trisomy 21, altered WBCs preoperatively, intraoperative bleeding, pericardial effusion and postoperative echocardiogram changes. CONCLUSION: Variables of clinical conditions, medications in use, congenital defects and intraoperative complications when associated with complications found in the postoperative period of cardiopediatric surgeries are shown to be predictive of risk.


RESUMEN | Objetivo: Identificar los predictores de complicaciones en el postoperatorio de la cirugía cardiaca pediátrica. MÉTODO: Estudio cuantitativo retrospectivo de 88 historias clínicas de pacientes operados en 2018. Se aplicó la prueba exacta de Fisher y el modelo logístico univariante. Los resultados se expresaron mediante odds ratio (OR) con una significación del 5%. RESULTADOS: La edad media era de 3,61 años con mayoría de mujeres. Se indentificaron complicaciones circulatorias, metabólicas, renales, respiratorias y cardiovasculares intra y postoperatorias. Se identificó una correlación estadística predictiva de complicaciones en: el uso de diuréticos, la hipertensión arterial, la insuficiencia valvular auriculoventricular, la hipertrofia ventricular derecha, la trisomía 21, la alteración de los leucocitos preoperatorios, la hemorragia intraoperatoria, el derrame pericárdico y las alteraciones en el ecocardiograma postoperatorio. CONCLUSIÓN: Las variables del estado clínico, los medicamentos en uso, los defectos congénitos y las complicaciones intraoperatorias cuando se asocian a las complicaciones encontradas en el postoperatorio de las cirurgías cardiopediátricas se muestran como predictoras de riesgo.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications , Thoracic Surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital , Intensive Care Units , Nursing Care
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL