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1.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 19(1): 113-123, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289170

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: las caídas en el adulto mayor influyen de manera negativa en su estado funcional y el riesgo de caídas se eleva progresivamente con la edad, por lo que es importante objetivar todos los factores de riesgo de cada paciente. El objetivo fue describir la prevalencia y los factores asociados con caídas en los pacientes del servicio ambulatorio de geriatría del Hospital Universitario San Ignacio en Bogotá (Colombia). Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo con pacientes valorados en la consulta externa de geriatría del Hospital Universitario San Ignacio desde enero de 2017 hasta diciembre de 2018. Resultados: se incluyeron 233 pacientes, en quienes se documentó una prevalencia de caídas del 44.5 %. En el análisis bivariado, las variables con asociación estadísticamente significativa fueron: la presencia de trastorno neurocognitivo mayor (TNCM) (OR: 2.31; IC 95 %: 1.28-4.18; p: 0.005), el miedo a caer (OR: 2.27; IC 95 %: 1.24-4.18; p: 0.008), un grado de dependencia moderado a total (OR: 1.93; IC 95 %: 1.11-3.35; p: 0.019) y un mal estado nutricional (OR: 1.18; IC 95 %: 1.099-3.18; p: 0.02). No obstante, en el análisis multivariado, las variables que mantuvieron la asociación fueron el TNCM (OR: 2.09; IC 95 %: 1.14-3.86; p: 0.001) y el miedo a caer (OR: 2.27; IC 95 %: 1.19-4.32; p: 0.001). Conclusión: las variables asociadas con caídas en nuestra población se relacionan con lo descrito en la literatura mundial; son necesarias intervenciones para corregir estos factores y evitar caídas, así como diseñar más estudios para detectar otros factores asociados.


Abstract Introduction: Falls in the elderly have a negative impact on functional status and the risk of falls increases progressively with age, so it is important to objectify all the risk factors of each patient. Our objective was to describe the prevalence and factors associated with falls in patients from the geriatric outpatient service of the San Ignacio University Hospital in Bogotá, Colombia. Materials and methods: A descriptive study was carried out with patients assessed in the geriatric outpatient clinic of the San Ignacio University Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018. Results: 233 patients were included, documenting a prevalence of falls of 44.5%. In the bivariate analysis, the variables with a statistically significant association were: the presence of major neurocognitive disorder (MNCD) (OR: 2.31; 95 %> CI: 1.284.18; p: 0.005), fear of falling (OR: 2.27; 95 %> CI: 1.24-4.18; p: 0.008), a moderate to total degree of dependence (OR: 1.93; 95 %> ci 1.11-3.35; p: 0.019) and a poor nutritional status (OR: 1.18; 95 °/o CI: 1.099-3.18; p: 0.02). However, in the multivariate analysis, the variables that maintained the association were MNCD (OR: 2.09; 95 %> CI: 1.14-3.86; p: 0.001) and fear of falling (OR: 2.27; 95 %> CI: 1.19-4.32; p: 0.001). Discussion: The variables associated with falls in our population are related to what is described in the world literature; Interventions are necessary to correct these factors and avoid falls in our population, as well as to design more studies to detect other associated factors.


Resumo Introdução: as quedas em idosos impactam negativamente o estado funcional e o risco de quedas aumentam progressivamente com a idade, por isso é importante objetivar todos os fatores de risco de cada paciente. Nosso objetivo foi descrever a prevalência e os fatores associados às quedas em pacientes do ambulatório de geriatria do Hospital Universitário San Ignacio em Bogotá, Colômbia. Materiais e métodos: foi realizado um estudo descritivo com pacientes avaliados no ambulatório de geriatria do Hospital Universitário San Ignacio no período de janeiro de 2017 a dezembro de 2018. Resultados: foram incluídos 233 pacientes, documentando uma prevalência de quedas de 44,5%. Na análise bivariada, as variáveis com associação estatisticamente significativa foram: presença de trastorno neurocognitivo maior (TNCM) (OR: 2.31; IC 95%: 1,28-4,18; p: 0,005), medo de cair (OR: 2,27; IC 95%: 1,24-4,18; p: 0,008), grau de dependência moderado a total (OR: 1,93; IC 95%: 1,11-3,35; p: 0,019) e estado nutricional ruim (OR: 1,18; IC 95%: 1,099-3,18; p: 0,02); porém, na análise multivariada, as variáveis que mantiveram a associação foram TNCM (OR: 2,09; IC 95%: 1,14-3,86; p: 0,001) e medo de cair (OR: 2,27; IC 95%: 1,19-4,32; p: 0,001). Conclusão: as variáveis associadas às quedas em nossa população estão relacionadas ao que é descrito na literatura mundial; são necessárias intervenções para corrigir esses fatores e evitar quedas em nossa população, bem como desenhar mais estudos para detectar outros fatores associados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Outpatients , Accidental Falls , Aged
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911452

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic effects of two comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) methods in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Methods:Ninety-seven patients with newly diagnosed AML at Beijing Hospital from August 2008 to December 2019 were included (≥60 years old). All patients were evaluated by two methods of CGA. One was IACA index proposed by Beijing Hospital, including instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), age, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), albumin; the other was proposed by Italian FIL study group (FIL-CGA), including activities of daily living (ADL), IADL, age, and modified cumulative illness rating score for geriatrics (MCIRS-G).Results:Among 97 patients, 54 patients received standard chemotherapy, 16 with decitabine, 2 with targeted therapy and 25 with the best supportive therapy. The overall response rate (ORR) in 72 treated patients were 67.7%, 33.3% and 0 respectively in fit, unfit and frail groups according to IACA index ( P=0.001). Based on FIL-CGA, the ORRs of fit, unfit and frail groups were 52.5%, 41.7% and 35.0% respectively ( P=0.418). The 1-year OS rates of fit, unfit and frail groups regarding IACA method were 78.7%, 27.7% and 0 respectively ( P<0.01). The 1-year OS rates of fit, unfit and frail groups regarding FIL-CGA method were 67.8%, 28.2% and 13.9% respectively ( P<0.01), while no significant difference was seen between unfit group and frail group ( P=0.111). The early death rates of fit, unfit and frail groups by IACA were 0, 6.0% and 28.6% respectively ( P=0.006), while those by FIL-CGA were 2.3%, 5.9%, 13.9% respectively ( P=0.123). Conclusion:Compared with FIL-CGA method, IACA predicts more effectively the treatment response, survival and early mortality in elderly patients with AML.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887871

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of abbreviated comprehensive geriatric assessment(aCGA)in elderly female breast cancer patients. Methods Eight aspects of the traditional CGA were simplified to form the aCGA assessment table,based on which the patients were classified into three grades of A,B and C according to the total scores.This study enrolled the elderly female patients with breast cancer aged 70 years and above who were treated in PUMC Hospital from June 2018 to January 2020.Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group(ECOG)scoring and aCGA grading were performed respectively,and the results of the two methods were compared. Results Of the 162 patients,111(68.5%)were classified by the aGGA method as grade A,43(26.5%)as grade B,and 8(5.0%)as grade C;131(80.9%)cases have concurrent diseases,and the most common complications were hypertension(


Subject(s)
Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Female , Geriatric Assessment , Humans
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1142100

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer es una enfermedad asociada al envejecimiento y tiene una alta prevalencia en los adultos mayores. La valoración geriátrica integral (VGI) mejora los cuidados de los adultos mayores (AM) con cáncer. En contextos sanitarios con recursos limitados, no todos los AM podrán ser evaluados por un geriatra. Un modelo en 2 pasos, incluyendo el test G8, en la consulta habitual del oncólogo, permite seleccionar aquellos pacientes que se beneficiarán de una VGI. Esta puede aportar en la toma de decisiones del tratamiento oncológico específico. Objetivo: Evaluar el beneficio del test G8 y la VGI en ≥ 70 años con cáncer candidatos a recibir quimioterapia. Material y Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, de una muestra no probabilística de pacientes ≥ de 70 años con diagnóstico de cáncer y candidatos a recibir quimioterapia. Se aplicó el G8 por el oncólogo y se completó la VGI en los que presentaron alteración en algunas de las áreas evaluadas. Resultados: Se analizaron 32 pacientes. Se realizó G8 a todos, en 21 de ellos se completó la VGI. En estos, en reunión multidisciplinaria con oncólogo y geriatra se discutió el tratamiento. En el 38% de los pacientes se cambió la conducta oncológica tras contar con la valoración geriátrica integral. Conclusión: Creemos que la incorporación del G8 en la práctica clínica del oncólogo aporta una herramienta de cribado útil para identificar los pacientes ≥70 años que se benefician de una VGI previa al inicio de tratamiento oncoespecífico, optimizando de esta manera los recursos.


Introduction: Cancer is a disease associated with aging and has a high prevalence in older adults. Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) improves the care of older adults (OA)with cancer. In healthcare settings with limited resources, not all OA may be evaluated by a geriatrician. A 2-step model, including the G8 test, in the usual oncologist consultation, allows selecting those patients who will benefit from CGA. This can contribute to decision-making regarding specific cancer treatment. Objective: To evaluate the benefit of the incorporation of the G8 test and CGA in the ≥ 70 years with cancer candidates for chemotherapy. Material and Methods: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study of a non-probability sample of patients ≥ 70 years of age with a diagnosis of cancer and candidates for chemotherapy. The G8 was applied by the oncologist and the CGA was completed in those who presented alteration in some of the evaluated areas. Results: 32 patients were analyzed. G8 was performed in all, in 21 of them the CGA was completed. In these, the treatment was discussed in a multidisciplinary meeting with an oncologist and a geriatrician. Oncological behavior was changed in 38% of patients after having a comprehensive geriatric evaluation. Conclusion: We believe that the incorporation of the G8 test in the clinical practice of the oncologist provides a useful screening tool to identify patients ≥70 years who benefit from CGA prior to the start of oncospecific treatment, thus optimizing resources.


Introdução: O câncer é uma doença associada ao envelhecimento e tem alta prevalência em idosos. A avaliação geriátrica ampla (AGA) melhora o atendimento a idosos com câncer. Em ambientes de saúde com recursos limitados, nem todos eles podem ser avaliadas por um geriatra. Um modelo de duas etapas, incluindo o teste G8, na consulta oncológica usual, permite selecionar os pacientes que serão beneficiados pela AGA. Isso pode contribuir para a tomada de decisões em relação ao tratamento específico do câncer. Objetivo: Avaliar o benefício da incorporação do teste G8 e AGA nos ≥ 70 anos com câncer, candidatos à quimioterapia. Material e Métodos: Estudo observacional, descritivo e transversal de uma amostra não probabilística de pacientes com idade ≥ 70 anos com diagnóstico de câncer e candidatos à quimioterapia. O G8 foi aplicado pelo oncologista e a AGA foi realizada naqueles que apresentaram alteração em algumas das áreas avaliadas. Resultados: 32 pacientes foram analisados. O G8 foi realizado em todos, em 21 deles a AGA foi aplicada. Nesses, o tratamento foi discutido em reunião multidisciplinar com oncologista e geriatra. O tratamento oncológico foi alterado em 38% dos pacientes após uma avaliação geriátrica amplia. Conclusão: Acreditamos que a incorporação do teste G8 na prática clínica do oncologista fornece uma ferramenta de triagem útil para identificar pacientes com idade ≥70 anos que se beneficiam da AGA antes do início do tratamento oncoespecífico, otimizando recursos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Geriatric Assessment/statistics & numerical data , Triage , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Uruguay , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Decision Making
6.
Singapore medical journal ; : 254-259, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827306

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The integration of advance care planning (ACP) as part of the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) of hospitalised frail elderly patients, together with the clinical and demographic factors that determine successful ACP discussion, has not been previously explored.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study on patients and family caregivers admitted under the geriatric medicine department of a tertiary hospital was conducted from October 2015 to December 2016.@*RESULTS@#Among 311 eligible patients, 116 (37.3%) patients completed ACP discussion while 166 (53.4%) patients declined, with 62 (37.3%) of the decliners providing reasons for refusal. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that older age, higher Charlson Comorbidity Index, poorer functional status and cognitive impairment had statistically significant associations with agreeing to ACP discussion (p < 0.05). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, only poorer functional status was significantly associated (odds ratio 2.22 [95% confidence interval 1.27-3.87]; p = 0.005). Among those who completed ACP discussion, a majority declined cardiopulmonary resuscitation (79.3%), preferred limited medical intervention or comfort care (82.8%), and opted for blood transfusion (62.9%), antibiotics (73.3%) and intravenous fluid (74.1%) but declined haemodialysis (50.9%). Decision-making was divided for enteral feeding. Among decliners, the main reasons for refusal were 'not keen' (33.9%), 'deferring to doctors' decision' (11.3%) and 'lack of ACP awareness' (11.3%).@*CONCLUSION@#The feasibility and utility of integrating ACP as part of CGA has been demonstrated. Poorer functional status is significantly associated with successful ACP discussion. Greater public education on end-of-life care choices (besides cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and follow-up with decliners are recommended.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 200-203, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804917

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic significance of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in Chinese elderly acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.@*Methods@#73 AML patients over the age of 60 were enrolled. CGA stratification included the following 3 instrument assessment: activity of daily living (ADL) ; instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) ; comorbidity score according to the Modified cumulative illness rating score for geriatrics (MCIRS-G) . According to CGA and age, the enrolled patients were grouped into 'fit’, 'unfit’ and 'frail’ categories.@*Results@#The median age of 73 elderly AML patients were 75 years old. According to CGA, 37 (50.1%) patients were classified as 'fit’, 14 (19.2%) as 'unfit’, and 22 (30.7%) as 'frail’. 33 (89.2%) patients in fit group received induction chemotherapy, or demethylation treatment, as 8 (57.9%) in unfit, 10 (45.5%) in frail. The overall response rate was 68.7%、62.5%, 75.0% in fit, unfit, and frail group, respectively (χ2=0.615, P=0.769) .The early mortality (8 weeks) in three groups were different: 5.4%, 7.1%, 27.3%, respectively (P<0.05) . The 1-year overall survival in the 'fit’, 'unfit’ and 'frail’ groups was 64.9%, 28.6% and 22.7%, respectively (P<0.05) . The CGA score, age, ECOG score, WHO classification (2016) were the prognostic factors of AML patients.@*Conclusion@#CGA can be used to determine the prognosis of elderly AML patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 35-39, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810392

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility and potential value of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in elderly (≥60 years) patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in China.@*Methods@#The CGA results of 83 newly diagnosed AML (non-APL) patients from 16 hospitals in Beijing and Tianjin between March 2016 and December 2017 were prospectively collected and analyzed. The clinical data, treatment and follow-up information were also collected.@*Results@#Of 83 newly diagnosed elderly AML patients, 81 patients (97.6%) completed all designated CGA assessment. The median number of impaired scales of the CGA assessment in the studied population was 2(0-6). Sixteen patients (19.3%) showed no impairments according to the geriatric assessment scales implem ented by this study. The distributions of impaired scales were as follows: impairment in ADL, 55.4%; IADL impairment, 42.2%; MNA-SF impairment, 48.2%; cognitive impairment, 15.7%; GDS impairment, 31.7%; HCT-CI impairment, 19.5%, respectively. In patients with "good" ECOG (n=46), the proportion of impairment for each CGA scale ranged from 6.5% to 37.0% and 32 patients (68.9%) had at least one impaired CGA scale. Survival analysis showed that the number of impaired scales of the CGA was significantly correlated with median overall survival (P=0.050).@*Conclusions@#CGA was a tool with feasibility for the comprehensive evaluation in elderly AML patients in China. Combined with age and ECOG, CGA may be more comprehensive in assessing patients’ physical condition.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 371-374, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745522

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of comprehensive geriatric assessment on health management outcomes and quality of life in elderly patients with coronary heart disease.Methods A total of 100 elderly patients with coronary heart disease admitted into our hospital from April 2017 to April 2018 were enrolled in this study and randomly divided into a control group(n=50)receiving routine nursing intervention and an observation group (n =50)undergoing individualized health management after comprehensive geriatric assessment.Length of hospital stay,incidence of adverse events and quality of life were compared between the groups.Results The length of hospital stay was shorter in the observation group than in the control group[(10.6 ± 1.4) d vs.(15.5 ± 1.5) d,t =16.7,P<0.05].Patients in the observation group had higher satisfaction than those in the control group[(55.6±1.4)vs.(45.5±1.5),t =34.2,P<0.05],The incidence of cardiac adverse events was lower in the observation group than in the control group(20.0% vs.52.0%%,x2 =5.0,P<0.05).The scores for quality of life were higher in the observation group than in the control group(P<0.05).Conclusions Comprehensive geriatric assessment can effectively shorten the length of hospital stay,reducethe incidence of cardiac adverse events,and improve the satisfaction and quality of life in elderly coronary heart disease patients,and should be recommended in clinical practice.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 225-228, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745495

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the performance on comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML)and to investigate the differences between Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) and CGA scoring.Methods Patients aged 60 years or over diagnosed with AML at Beijing Hospital from September 2008 to April 2018 were enrolled in this study.CGA was performed during staging procedures through application of age,activities of daily living(ADL)/instrumental activities of daily living(IADL)and the comorbidity score based on the cumulative illness rating scale for geriatrics(CIRS-G).According to CGA scores,patients were classified into a not-applicable group,an applicable group and a frail group.The difference between ECOG-PS and CGA scoring was compared.Results A total of 73 patients were enrolled in this study.There were 37 (50.7 %),14 (19.2 %) and 22 (30.1%) patients in the applicable,not-applicable and frail groups,respectively.Comorbidities were observed in the majority of patients,with cardiovascular disease,diabetes mellitus and hypertension among the most common disorders.In patients aged 60 to 64 years,16.7% (1/6) were considered as frail,and the percentage of frail patients increased to 36.4% (8/22)in patients aged 80 years and over.Moreover,functional impairment evaluated by CGA was observed in 36.5 % (19/52)of patients with ECOG-PS ≤ 1.Conclusions According to CGA scoring,approximately half of AML patients aged 60 years or over have functional impairment.Functional impairment is observed in some patients with ECOG-PS ≤1,indicating that ECOG-PS may underestimate functional impairment in elderly AML patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 624-626, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755377

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of comprehensive geriatric assessment on the prevention of falls in hospitalized older patients with mental disorders.Methods A total of 150 elderly patients with mental disorders admitted into our hospital from June 2017 to May 2018 were randomly divided into the conventional group (n =75)and the comprehensive geriatric assessment group(n=75).The conventional group received routine nursing interventions based on risk evaluation via the Morse scale,and the comprehensive assessment group adopted targeted nursing interventions based on comprehensive assessment outcomes.The detection rate of risk for falls,the incidence of falls,the compliance with prevention measures and the satisfaction level of nursing services were compared between the groups.Results The detection rate of risk for falls was higher (80.0% vs.45.3%,x2 =19.263,P=0.000),the incidence of falls was lower(1.3% vs.9.3%,x2 =4.754,P =0.029),and the compliance with prevention measures(93.3% vs.82.7%,x2 =4.040,P =0.044) and the satisfaction level of nursing services(96.0 % vs.86.7%,x2=4.127,P =0.042)were higher in the comprehensive assessment group than in the routine group.Conclusions Comprehensive geriatric assessment has a forewarning effect on falls in hospitalized older patients with mental disorders.Targeted nursing interventions can help reduce the incidence of falls and improve the satisfaction level of nursing care.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3150-3154, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817459

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the medication of elderly inpatients receiving multiple medication, to evaluate the effects of pharmaceutical care provided by clinical pharmacists, and to provide reference for clinical drug use of elderly patients. METHODS: The elderly inpatients receiving multiple medication were selected from Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University during Oct. 2018 to Feb. 2019. The process of pharmaceutical care for elderly inpatients was established and developed through the CGA team of the elderly. PCNE classification system was used to analyze drug-related problems; Bayliff tool was used to evaluate the harmfulness of drug-related problems; Morisky questionnaire was used to analyze medication compliance. Drug use was followed up 3 months after discharge to evaluate the effect of clinical pharmacist’s intervention. RESULTS: A total of 71 elderly inpatients with multiple medication were included, 73.24% of them (52 patients) suffered from 54 drug-related problems, 32 of which were related to therapeutic effects (59.26%), 13 (24.07%) drug adverse events (possible), 9 unnecessary drug therapy problems (16.67%). There were 69 causes of pharmaceutical related problems, of which 58 (84.06%) were doctor’s orders. The main causes were drug selection (36.23%), drug dosage (24.64%) and drug dosage form (20.29%). Totally 143 interventions were conducted by clinical pharmacists, including 102 successful interventions, with success rate of 71.33%. The highest acceptance of intervention was adverse drug events reporting(100%), followed by patient level (97.56%), doctor level (65.12%) and drug level (52.83%). Among 54 pharmaceutical-related problems, the most potential hazards were grade 1 hazards, involving 35 problems (64.81%). The score of medication compliance in patients who received medication education from clinical pharmacists was (6.19±0.58), which was significantly higher than (4.13±1.62) at the initial stage of admission (P<0.05). Follow-up results showed that 6 patients discontinued drugs by themselves, and 13 patients took drugs additionally by themselves. CONCLUSIONS: Drug related problems were common in elderly inpatients receiving multiple medication. Clinical pharmacists can establish a feasible pharmaceutical care process suitable for clinical needs according to the actual clinical situation. With the help of relevant evaluation tools such as relevant drug criteria, drug instructions and drug software, and at the same time, according to the physiological and pathological conditions of patients, they can cooperate with clinicians to select suitable therapeutic drugs for elderly patients to reduce the phenomenon of unreasonable medication and multiple medication, so as to improve the effectiveness and safety of drug use in the elderly.

13.
Rev. Kairós ; 21(1): 191-211, mar. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-909747

ABSTRACT

O sistema de saúde deve ser capaz de identificar idosos com maiores necessidades de atenção, a fim de postergar ao máximo a perda da capacidade funcional. Esta pesquisa descreve os achados obtidos pela aplicação da Avaliação Multidimensional do Idoso a um grupo de pessoas acima de 65 anos vinculadas a um plano de saúde, moradoras na cidade de São Paulo, SP. O grupo pesquisado apresenta média de idade elevada, predomínio de mulheres e agravos que ocasionam comprometimento importante da capacidade funcional de seus membros.


The health system should be able to identify older people with greater attention needs in order to foregone as much as possible the loss of functional capacity. This study describes the findings obtained by the application of the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment to a group of people over 65 years old linked to a health plan, living in the city of São Paulo. The studied group had a high age average, a predominance of women and injuries that caused important impairment of their functional capacity.


El sistema de salud debe ser capaz de identificar a los ancianos con mayores necesidades de atención, a fin de postergar al máximo la pérdida de la capacidad funcional. Esta investigación describe los hallazgos obtenidos por la aplicación de la Evaluación Multidimensional del Anciano a un grupo de personas mayores de 65 años vinculadas a un plan de salud, residentes en la ciudad de São Paulo. El grupo investigado presenta un promedio de edad elevada, predominio de mujeres y agravios que ocasionan un compromiso importante de la capacidad funcional de sus miembros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Geriatric Assessment , Health of the Elderly , Health Services for the Aged
14.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 437-440, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691658

ABSTRACT

As an effective treatment procedure,allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) has been increasingly applied in elderly patients recently.In addition to physiological age,the pretransplantation performance status,comorbidity,nutritional status,cognitive status and mental state have some influences on prognosis of elderly patients as well.Therefore,it is inappropriate to assess the state,predict the prognosis and decide the therapeutic strategy of the patients.Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA),a more integrated tool of assessment,is being attached more importance now for its value in elderly patients.The establishment of CGA and its application in allo-HSCT of elderly patients will be introduced in this article.

15.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 372-376, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691639

ABSTRACT

The incidence of hematologic malignancies in elderly is increasing year by year. So for clinicians, it is a problem to assess the tolerance to chemotherapy of elderly patients with hematological cancer. Recently, the comprehensive geriatric assessment has begun to be used in elderly patients with hematological malignancies. The studies have found that the comprehensive geriatric assessment could be used to assess the prognosis, predict the patient's tolerance to treatment, and may also be used as guidelines for making treatment decision. This paper mainly reviews the research status of comprehensive geriatric assessment in elderly patients with hematological malignancies at home and abroad.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 946-950, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709394

ABSTRACT

The incidence of elderly patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma(DLBCL)are increasing year by year.Elderly patients have great heterogeneity.How to properly stratify these patients and give them the most suitable treatment is the challenge we are facing.Comprehensive geriatric assessment(CGA)conduct a comprehensive assessment of the patients from the perspective of gerontology,which is helpful to judge the prognosis,to evaluate the tolerance of treatment,to further guide the treatment,and to accurate treatment of elderly DLBCL.This article reviews the research on the application of CGA in DLBCL at home and abroad,so as to provide evidence for developing the appropriate comprehensive evaluation system for the elderly patients with DLBCL.

17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 37-40, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709185

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relative factors of depression in elderly inpatients with multiple chronic diseases. Methods A total of 438 elderly inpatients with multiple chronic diseases were investigated and analyzed by the comprehensive geriatric assessment. Results Among 438 elderly inpatients with chronic diseases, 154 cases(35.15%)were accompanied by depression.The rates of female,non-marital status(single/widowed/divorced),lower income,frequent fall and insomnia were significantly higher in depression group than in non-depression group(P=0.02,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,respectively).The scores of cognitive function,nutritional status and activities of daily living were significantly lower in depression group than in non-depression group(P=0.03, 0.00,0.00,respectively),and the pain score was significantly higher in depression group than in non-depression group(P=0.00).The prevalence of diabetes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was significantly higher in depression group(P= 0.03,0.04;respectively).Multiple Logistic regression analysis revealed that non-marital status,low income,insomnia,cognitive impairment,malnutrition and diabetes could significantly increase the risk of depression in elderly patients with chronic diseases(OR=2.291,2.065,2.384,2.965,2.561,1.949,respectively,all P<0.05). Conclusions Female,non-marital status,falls,insomnia,cognitive dysfunction,malnutrition,decreased viability of daily life,diabetes,chronic pain and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are positively associated with the late-life depression.Among them,non-marital status,low income,insomnia,cognitive dysfunction,malnutrition and diabetes could markedly increase the risk of depression in elderly patients with chronic diseases.

18.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1407-1411, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734496

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate influencing factors for comprehensive geriatric assessment carried out in geriatric departments of comprehensive hospitals in Sichuan province and its influential factors ,in order to verify whether education affects CGA and to raise medicine quality of senile disease. Methods The self-designed questionnaires were distributed to 40 hospitals in difference downs and cities in Sichuan province. The data were collected ,including items of CGA carried out in each hospital ,structure of staff ,scale ,bed distribution ,numbers of bed in geriatric department ,etc. The correlations of CGA items with the related factors were analyzed by using multiple linear regression analysis. Results The items of CGA carried out was positively related with hospital grade (β= -5.4 ,P=0.03) ,the staff-attending three times or more of geriatric training course (β=0.2 ,P=0.05) , the number of nurses per bed(β=15.6 ,P=0.03) ,the number of physicians with master's degree(β=-0.2 ,P=0.04) ,and the lower average age of medical staff (β= -0.6 ,P=0.05). Conclusions The grade of hospital ,attending actively geriatric training course ,the number of the nurses per bed ,the number of physicians with master's degree ,and the younger average age of medical staff were positively associated with the items of CGA carried out in hospitals.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710063

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in elder non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) patients in a cross-sectional study;to compare the differences between Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)-performance status (PS) and CGA.Methods CGA stratification included the following 3 instrument assessments:activity of daily living (ADL);instrumental activity of daily living (IADL);comorbidity score according to the modified cumulative illness rating score for geriatrics (MCIRS-G).According to CGA and age,NHL patients,aged ≥60 years,were classified as "fit","unfit" and "frail" groups.ECOG-PS was evaluated and compared with CGA.Results According to CGA,51.6% senior NHL patients (33 cases) were classified as "fit",12.5%(8 cases) as " unfit" and 35.9% (23 cases) as "frail".Several comorbidities were observed in majority patients,such as cardiovascular disease,diabetes nellitus and hypertension.In the "younger aged" patients between 60 to 64ys,25%(3/12) was considered as "frail".However,this proportion increased to 42.9% (6/14) in patients older than 80ys.Moreover,impaired CGA was observed in 38.9%(21/54) of ECOG-PS ≤1 patient.Conclusions Impaired CGA is as common as approximately half in elderly NHL patients and more than one third even in ECOG-PS ≤ 1 patients.ECOG-PS may underestimate the impaired fitness function in elder NHL patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807408

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the influence of malnutrition in the elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome on related factors and short-term prognosis.@*Methods@#415 elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome were selected.Comprehensive geriatric assessment was used to investigate the risk of acute coronary syndrome by examining coexisting diseases and using the NRS2000 score.The mortality and emergency visits were followed up.@*Results@#The patients were divided into two groups according to NRS2000 score: malnutrition group (n=179) and non-malnutrition group (n=236). (1) In malnutrition group, the proportions of female, over 85 years old, more than 3 kinds of coexisting diseases were 47.5%(85/179), 11.7%(21/179), 62.6%(112/179), respectively, which were higher than those of the non-malnutrition group[36.9%(87/236), 4.7%(11/236), 41.9%(99/236)](χ2=4.732, 7.152, 17.318, all P<0.05). (2) In malnutrition group, the incidence rates of geriatric syndromes such as uracratia, falls, visual disorder, hearing disorder, constipation, sleep disorders, oral problems were 47.5%(85/179), 30.2%(54/179), 40.2%(72/179), 41.9%(75/179), 54.7%(98/179), 52.0%(93/179), 76.5%(137/179), respectively, which were higher than those of the non-malnutrition group[31.4%(74/236), 14%(33/236), 29.2% (69/236), 29.7% (70/236), 30.5%(72/236), 36.0%(85/236), 53.0%(125/236)](χ2=11.206, 16.092, 5.477, 6.707, 24.732, 10.577, 24.297, all P<0.05). (3) In malnutrition group, the incidence rates of coexisting chronic diseases such as hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart failure, severe renal insufficiency, cerebrovascular disease, dementia, anemia, osteoporosis were 77.1%(138/179), 16.2% (29/179), 22.9%(41/179), 17.9%(32/179), 46.9%(84/179), 6.7%(12/179), 27.4%(49/179), 26.8%(48/179), respectively, which were higher than those of the non-malnutrition group[61.9%(146/236), 7.6%(18/236), 14.4%(34/236), 7.2%(17/236), 32.2%(76/236), 1.3%(3/236), 13.1%(31/236), 17.4%(41/236)](χ2=10.931, 7.451, 4.965, 11.137, 9.315, 8.624, 13.262, 5.388, all P<0.05). (4)Cox regression analysis showed that malnutrition risk score was the independent risk predictor for all-cause mortality (HR=0.034, 95% CI: 0.072-0.904) and emergency department visits (HR=0.328, 95% CI: 0.197-0.548) in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome.@*Conclusion@#Comprehensive geriatric assessment and nutritional assessment are useful to evaluate the clinical features of acute coronary syndrome in elderly patients.Malnutrition risk score is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality and emergency treatment in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome.

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