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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746172

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical features of patients with diffuse coronary artey diseases,and evaluate the clinical efficacy of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG) combined with selective coronary venous bypass grafting (SCVBG).Methods Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 61 patients with diffuse right coronary stenosis undergoing operation of OPCABG + SCVBG from January 2007 to December 2013,and couducted the comparative study of the patients who underwent OPCABG during the same period based on propensity score.Patients were divided into SCVBG group(61 cases,underwent OPCABG + SCVBG) and control group(60 cases,matched by propensity score and underwent OPCABG without SCVBG).Results Compared with control group,the rate of myocardial infarction in SCVBG group was higher (67.2% vs.46.7c%,P <0.05),the heart rate was faster[(69.92 ± 15.82) bpm vs.(64.48 ± 13.72) bpm,P < 0.05],the low density lipoprotcin and triglyceride were higher[(2.67 ± 0.78) mmol/L vs.(2.37 ± 0.78) mmol/L (1.84 ± 0.79) mmol/L vs.(1.36 ± 0.60) mmol/L,both P < 0.05] and the troponin I was higher in the first postoperative day [0.85 (0.29,3.15)μg/L vs.5.09 (2.02,13.03)μg/L,P < 0.05].The perioperative(postoperative) mortality(1.6% vs.0) and the long-term survival curve difference had no statistically significance(P >0.05).Conclusion Patients with coronary artery disease should pay more attention to the control of heart rate and blood lipids,poorly controlled heart rate and high blood lipids are the important factors for the development of coronary heart disease.The exact efficacv of selective coronary vein arterialization for diffuse coronary artery disease is confirmed through the small sample comparative study.

2.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 191-196, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507262

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between blood routine test indicators and advanced saphenous vein graft disease (SVGD) in patients with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods By defining SVGD as an occlusion of 50% or more of the saphenous vein graft (SVG) excluding distal anastomotic occlusion, patients were divided into SVGD group and non-SVGD group, who suffered CABG over 1 year with recurrent angina and underwent coronary angiography (CAG) operation from March 2015 to January 2016 in Tianjin Chest Hospital. Results of blood routine test data were compared between two groups. The multivariable Logistic regression was analyzed for the relationship between blood routine test indicators and advanced SVGD. Results There were 148 patients in the study, 109 patients in SVGD group and 39 patients in non-SVGD group. There were significant differences in level of red blood cell distribution width (RDW:0.123 2 ± 0.008 9 vs. 0.120 2 ± 0.005 2, P0.127 5[OR (95%CI):4.905 (1.058-22.747), P=0.042], NLR>3.34[OR(95%CI):4.013(1.466-10.987), P=0.007]were independent risk factors for advanced SVGD, as well as PCT>0.185 [OR(95%CI):2.636(1.098-6.324), P=0.030]might be risk factor for advanced SVGD. Conclusion RDW>0.127 5, NLR>3.34 could indicate advanced SVGD. We need more samples to support that PCT>0.185 is used to be risk indicators for advanced SVGD.

3.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 981-983, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501509

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the blood lfow of left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft vessel between minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) and traditional median sternotomyin off-pump coronary artery bypass (Traditional OPCAB) by transit-time lfow meter (TTFM). Methods: We retrospectively studied 300 patients who received OPCAB in our hospital from 2013-01 to 2015-07, all patients had LIMA to left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) anastomosis. The patients were divided into 2 groups: MIDCAB group, n=70 and Traditional OPCAB group,n=230. Intra-operative blood lfow in graft vessel was measured by transit-time lfow meter. Pre- and post-operative indexes and the mean lfow (MF), pulsatile index (PI), diastolic fraction (DF) of LIMA graft were compared between 2 groups. Results: The following indexes in Traditional OPCAB group and MIDCAB group were as below: intra-operative transfusion was (3.00±5.42) U vs (1.06±2.17) U, post-operative peak value of cTnI was (2.84±9.93) ng/ml vs (0.69±1.74) ng/ml, mechanical ventilation time was (27.9±66.9) h vs (14.2±20.8) h and ICU stay time was (64.1±89.6) h vs (35.2±39.2) h, allP0.05. Conclusion: With LIMA to LAD graft, MIDCAB may achieve the same effect as traditional OPCAB, the early post-operative anastomosis has been reliable.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413523

ABSTRACT

Objective Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) is used more widely in recent years in China. However, there is an argument on benefits and risks of off-pump surgery. Many studies shown that OPCAB had more benefits in short-term outcomes than conventional coronary artery bypass grafting(CCABG). But evidences from other studies suggested that OPCAB resulted in less long-term graft patency as compared with on-pump surgery. This study examined the longterm graft patency of OPCAB and CCABG performed by one surgeon. Methods 50 patients who had received surgical revascularization by a surgeon for more than 5 years were reviewed, 25 patients received conventional coronary artery bypass grafting ( group 1 ) and 25 patients received OPCAB ( group 2). All patients had angiograms for compareing the graft patency between the two groups. Results Among 25 patients in group 1,21 were male and 4 were female. The mean age of patients at surgery was (55.4 ±8.9) years. 15 cases had unstable angina, 16 patients had old myocardial infarction and 6 cases had diabetes.The ejection fraction (EF) was 0.58 ±0.14. The mean number of bypasses per patient was 3.32 ±0.63. Mean duration of operation was (3.58 ± 0. 82) hours. Mean follow-up duration was ( 86.52 ± 12.48) months. 83 grafts were evaluated for patency ( open vs. closed) and were graded by Fitzgibbon as grade A ( excellent graft), B ( impaired graft, with a stenosis of ≥50%, or a diameter less than 50% of the grafted artery), or O ( completely occluded). The graft patency was 73.49%, 61grafts were graded as Fitzgibbon A, 6 grafts as Fitzgibbon B and 16 grafts as Fitzgibbon 0. 25 patients were in group 2, 21males and 4 females. The mean age of patients at procedure was (58.2 ± 9.09) years, 11 patients had unstable angina, 13 patients had old myocardial infarction and 6 cases had diabetes. The ejection fraction (EF) was 0.59 ± 0. 14. Conclusion No 2011.03.013 difference in long-term graft patency was identified between on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Off-pump oronary artery bypass grafting preformed by an experienced surgeon may gain similar long-term graft patency to that of conventional bypass.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671298

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the validation of the Sino System for Coronary Operative Risk Evaluation ( SinoSCORE ) with the Europe an system for cardiac operative risk evaluation ( EuroSCORE ) in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery in China. Methods Data of patients who underwent OPCAB between 2004 and 2005 in the Chinese coronary artery bypass grafting registry study were collected. The end point of the study was postoperative in-hospital death. Predicted mortality were calculated using the SinoSCORE and the logistic EuroSCORE, and compared with observed mortality. Calibration was evaluated by Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test. Discrimination was tested by determining the area under the receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve. Results 73 of 4920 patients died in hospital and the observed mortality was 1.48%. The predicted mortality calculated by the SinoSCORE and the EuroSCORE was 2.73% and 4. 13% respectively. For SinoSCORE the Hosmer-Lemeshow test was non-significant ( P = 0. 636 ) and the area under ROC curve was 0. 794. For the EuroSCORE the HL test was significant( P = 0.01 ) and the area under ROC curve was 0. 756. Both the SinoSCORE and the logistic EuroSCORE provides good discrimination, but the SinoSCORE showed better calibration than EuroSCORE, that is, both the two models were significantly correlated to postoperative death, but SinoSCORE is more accurate than EuroSCORE at predicting postoperative in-hospital mortality. Conclusion SinoSCORE seems to be more suitable than EuroSCORE in predicting postoperative in-hospital mortality for OPCAB patients in China.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384242

ABSTRACT

Objective To study neurologic injury after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) in elder patients with a history of stroke. Methods 108 patients (age≥60years) undergoing elective OPCABG with a history of stroke were studied. Each study patient was matched with 1 control patient who had no stroke history and was undergoing elective OPCABG either immediately before or immediately after the study patients by the same surgeon. Preoperative characteristics, ICU stay, hospital stay, hospital mortality, postoperative neurologic injury were compared in the two groups. Results The incidence of neurologic injury after operation among the study group was higher than those in control group (P<0.01)(27.8% vs 4.6%). The incidence of delirium and stroke after operation among the study group was higher than those in control group(P<0.05) (20.4% vs 3.7% ,7.4% vs 0.9%) ;The study group took longer to stay in ICU and hospital than the control group [(26.5±16.4)h vs (21.6±8.8)h ,(23.6±9.2)d vs(19.4±5.7)d, P<0.01]. Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors of neurologic injury after OPCABG included previous stroke (OR 6. 269, 95% CI 2. 218-17. 717), age (OR 1.131,95% CI 1.032-1.239), hypertension (OR 5.072,95% CI 1. 420-18. 114) and diabetes (OR 2. 652,95% CI 1. 123-6. 260). Stroke after the operations was found in 8 of 108 study patients and included cerebral infarction in 6 and transient ischemic attack in 2. 8 patients had late stroke (> 24 hours).Conclusion The eldely patients with previous stroke undergoing OPCABG are more likely to have neurologic injury after operations, these patients had longer stays in ICU and hospital.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-75

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Excessive manipulation of the aorta in conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB) is associated with postoperative neurological complications. We assessed the results of a protocol of 'minimal-aortic manipulation' in off-pump-CABG (OPCAB) using Guidant Heartstring aortic-seal with selective epiaortic scanning. Materials and Methods: A protocol of 'minimal-aortic manipulation OPCAB' using Heartstring aortic-seals was introduced in patients undergoing OPCAB from January 2005. Data were prospectively collected for one year. Intra-operative epiaortic scanning was selectively used. Mean graft flow and pulsatility index (PI) were routinely measured. Results: Sixty-nine Heartstring aortic-seals were used in 31 patients (23 Male; 8 Female). Mean age and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were 62.5 ± 10.8 years and 57.8 ± 14.2% respectively. Five patients had intra-operative epiaortic scanning performed. Left internal thoracic artery (LITA) to left anterior descending (LAD) artery was achieved in 100% with mean LITA graft flow and PI of 32.09 ± 19.48 ml/min and 3.26 ± 1.74 respectively. Mean flow and PI in radial artery graft (RAG) and saphenous venous graft (SVG) were 20.47 ± 5.37 ml/min; 1.97 ± 0.31 and 22.84 ± 16.88 ml/min; 3.93 ± 2.83 respectively. There were no postoperative neurological complications or death. Conclusions: Routine use of Heartstring aortic-seals with selective epiaortic scanning in a protocol driven 'minimal-aortic manipulation OPCAB' is safe. The avoidance of partial aorta cross-clamping may translate to a reduction in post-operative neurological complications.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385373

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the treatment experience of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Methods The clinical data of 136 patients who had occurred SVT after CABG between January 2008 and December 2009 were analyzed retrospectively. Results Among 136 patients,no perioperative mortality,atrial fibrillation (AF) occurred in 110 cases (80.88%),paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) occurred in18 cases ( 13.24% ), atrial flutter occurred in 8 cases (5.88%),112 of 136 cases occurred in 1-3 days after surgery,accounting for 82.35% ,24 cases occurred in 4-7 days after surgery,accounting for 17.65%. Given amiodarone in the treatment of 105 cases,100 cases reverted to sinus rhythm (cardioversion rate of 95.24% ),given esmolol in the treatment of 11 cases, 9 cases reverted to sinus rhythm( cardioversion rate of 81.82% ), synchronous direct current cardioversion in 20 cases, all transferred to sinus rhythm, all patients with improved symptoms. The remaining failed to transfer to sinus rhythm, had got normal ventricular rate, and symptoms improved significantly. Conclusions It is necessary to take effective measures to prevent SVT within 3 days after CABG. Amiodarone, esmolol and synchronous direct current cardioversion can be used effectively and safely to control SVT after CABG.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383632

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the postoperative recovery in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)with a history of cerebral infarction.Methods From January 2007 to December 2007,112 patients undergoing elective off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG)with a history of cerebral infarction were studied retrospectively.Each of the 112 patients was matched with 1 control patient who had no cerebral infarction history and were undergoing an elective OPCABG either immediately before or immediately after the study patient,in most cases by the same surgeons.Preoperative characteristics,anesthesia time,awakening time,extubation time,ICU stay,hospital stay,reintubation,hospital mortality,postoperative confusion and stroke were compared in the two groups.Results There were no significant differences between the study and control Patients in the most preoperative characteristics,only the incidence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus were higher than those in control group,P<0.05(78 of 112,69.6% versus 61 of 112,54.5%;52 of 112,46.4% versus 26 of 112,23.2%).The study group took longer to awaken,extubate and stay in ICU and hospital than the control group,P<0.01[(6.4±4.0)h versus(4.6±2.7)h,(19.6±9.7)h versus(16.8±5.5)h,(27.3±16.8)h versus(22.1±10.6)h,(23.4±10.0)d versus(19.5±5.6)]d.The incidence of confusion,stroke and reintubation after operation among the study group was higher than those in control group,P<0.05(17 of 112,15.2% versus 4 of 112,6.3%;8 of 112,7.1% versus 1 of 112,0.9%;8 of 112,7.1% versus 1 of 112,0.9%),RR and 95% CI were 4.83(1.57~14.86)、8.54(1.05~69.45)and 8.54(1.05~69.45).There were no significant differences between the study and control patients in the anesthesia time and hospital mortality.Stroke after the operations was found in 8 of 112 study patients and included cerebral infarction in 6 and transient ischemic attack(TIA)in 2.The 8 patients included new stroke in 7 and worsening of old stroke in 1 without new abnomalities on head computed tomography.1 of 8 patients had early stroke(≤24 hours after operation)and others had late stroke(>24 hours).Conclusion The patients with previous cerebral infarction undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting took longer to awaken,extubate,stay in ICU and hospital.These patients were more likely to have reintubation,confusion and stroke after operation than those patients with no cerebral infarction history.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383605

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the incidence and risk factors associated with atrial fibrillation in elderly coronary heart disease patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.Methods From Jun.2008 to Jun.2009,one hundred and eleven patients received OPCAB in our hospital.Clinical data including coronary angiography,diseased vessels,number of bypass grafts,postoperative electrolyte,postoperative hemodynamic measurements,anti-arrhythmic drugs used and other risk factors for atrial fibrillation was collected and reviewed individually.The mean age of patients was(73.19±2.79)years(range from 70 to 82 years).Seventy-nine patients were male and 32 were female.The mean left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF)was 0.57±0.12,NYHA Ⅰ-Ⅳ.All patients received OPCAB.Saphenous vein(SV)and left internal mammary artery(LIMA)were harvested and used as grafts.LIMA was routinely anastomosed to the left anterior descending artery (LAD),and SV was anastomosed to the other target vessels.The average number of grafts.was(2.79±0.54)per case.The mean operation time was(3.70±0.88)hours and the duration of ICU-staying was(1.32±0.94)days.The patients were divided into 2 groups:atrial fibrillation group and non-atrial fibrillation group.Results Four deaths occurred perioperatively.The mortality was 3.42%.Major postoperative complications included low cardiac output,respiratory dysfunction and acute kidney injury.Twenty seven out of 111 patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery had atrial fibrillation postoperatively.The incidence was 24.3%.Single factor analysis revealed that CVP,serum levels of potassium,magnesium,and SPO2 were lower significantly in atrial fibrillation group than those in the non-atrial fibrillation group,P<0.05.Conclusion Changes of perioperative electrolytes and circulating blood volume,decline in the oxygen saturation,and the occurrence of perioperative myocardial infarction after coronary artery bypass surgery were the risk factors associated with atrial fibrillation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383406

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize our experience with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) during previous 13 years. Methods Data from 3703 patients who underwent OPCAB between October 1996 and December 2008 were collected and analyzed in this study. Following perioperative variables were reviewed and evaluated: changes in the number of patients, demographic characteristics of patients, coexisting conditions such as hypertension, and diabetes, grafting options,numbers of grafts per patient, and postoperative complications and clinical outcomes. Patients were divided into four age subgroups: those who were less than 45 years were assigned to group 1, those who were 45 to 60 years were assigned to group 2,those who were 60 to 75 years were assigned to group 3, and those older than 75 years of age were assigned to group 4. Perioperative data, including the use of internal mammary artery and the constituent of the grafts, were collected retrospectively and analyzed. Results Three thousand and twenty-five patients were male (81.7%) and 678 were female ( 18.3% ), mean age was (61.35 ±9.38) years old. The number of patients who underwent OPCAB increased steadily over time. The mean grafts per patient were 3.3 ± 0.8. The use of left internal mammary artery and "hybrid" bypass grafts composed of vein and artery played a predominant role in this cohort (P<0.05) . During this period of 13 years, intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP)was performed in 41 patients and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT)was required in 12 patients. Main complications included rethoracotomy for bleeding and tamponade in 1.49% of patients, deep sternal wound infection requiring re-exploration in 1.38%, perioperative myocardial infarction in 1.03%, neurological adverse events in 0.62%, tracheotomy in 0.59%, acute renal dysfunction in 0.77%, and other complications in 0.77%. The overall in-hospital mortality was 0.7% (26 of 3703 patients). A trend toward a reduction in morbidity and mortality was shown in this study. Diseases associated with hospital mortality were cardiac sudden death, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, low cardiac output syndrome, severe infection, extensive myocardial infarction and neurological adverse events. Conclusion The indications for OPCAB, an innovative revascularization strategy, have been expanded and the curative rate for OPCAB has been improved in recent years. Appropriate and practical grafting strategies, as well as complete perioperative management, are considered as contributors to the improved outcomes.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379907

ABSTRACT

Objective The efficacy and safety of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) as comparing with conventional coronary artery bypass grafting(CCABG) remain inconclusive in randomized, controlled trials and retrospective studies. We tried to assess the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) after OPCAB and CCABG. with a meta analysis based on published data in randomized ,controlled trials. Methods Relevant randomized controlled trials, published in English and Chinese before January 2009, were searched in Medline, the Science Citation Index Expanded, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and CBMdisc. Manual searching of bibliographies were performed, with key words "oronary artery bypass graft", "off-pump" and "myocardial infarction". Two reviewers selected eligible trials independently, performed quality assessment and collected relevant data. Meta-analysis was performed with software RevMan 5. Results 22 trials were considered to be eligible for the meta analysis. The incidence of MI was 2.81% (42/1494) in the OPCAB group as compared with 3.57% (54/1512) in the CCABG group. No significant difference was present between the two groups (OR =0.80,95% CI =0.54 - 1.20, P =0.28). Conclusion Our meta analysis of current available randomized controlled trials involving OPCAB and CCABG in patients with coronary artery diseases suggests that the difference in the incidence of postoperative MI between CCABG and OPCAB groups is not significant.

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