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Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 681-688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995778


Objective:To explore the association between serum high density lipoprotein subtype 3 cholesterol (HDL3-C) levels and the severity and in-stent restenosis of patients with coronary artery disease.Methods:124 patients with coronary artery diseases and 62 healthy controls were included in this clinical case-control retrospective study. Participants were hospitalized from November 2020 to November 2021 at Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University were enrolled. Patients with coronary artery disease were as follows: 28 patients with acute coronary syndrome and 96 patients with stable coronary heart disease. Serum HDL3-C levels as well as total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels were determined. According to the coronary artery angiography results of all patients at the time of admission, Gensini scores were calculated and patients were divided into in-stent restenosis group ( n=22), no in-stent stenosis group ( n=23) and non-stent implantation group ( n=79). The correlation between HDL3-C levels and other parameters was analyzed by Pearson or Spearman correlation analyses. Multivariate Logistic regression analyses were used to determine the impact of HDL3-C on the in-stent restenosis of coronary artery diseases. Results:Compared with controls, serum levels of HDL3-C and HDL-C were significantly decreased in patients with coronary artery diseases (all P<0.05). There was a significantly negative correlation between HDL3-C levels and Gensini scores ( r=-0.201, P=0.043). Among patients with coronary artery disease, serum levels of HDL3C, TC and TG in the in-stent restenosis group were significantly lower than in no in-stent stenosis group as well as than in the non-stent implantation group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analyses showed that after adjusting for age, sex, lipid-lowering drugs and TC, TG, LDLC parameters, HDL3-C ( OR=0.885, 95% CI 0.791-0.990, P=0.033) and HDL-C ( OR=0.018, 95% CI 0.001-0.426, P=0.013) levels were both independently associated with the occurrence of coronary artery disease; only HDL3-C levels (no in-stent stenosis group as the reference: OR=0.833, 95% CI 0.698-0.994, P=0.042; non-stent implantation group as the reference: OR=0.812, 95% CI 0.685-0.963, P=0.017) were independently associated with the presence of in-stent restenosis ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Serum HDL3-C levels are decreased in patients with coronary artery disease, especially in patients with in-stent restenosis. HDL3-C levels are associated with the severity of coronary artery lesions and the presence of in-stent restenosis of coronary arteries.

Arq. bras. cardiol ; 119(6): 931-937, dez. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420121


Resumo Fundamento A estenose coronária pode ser causada por de novo aterosclerose, reestenose intra-stent e neoaterosclerose intra-stent, três entidades que se desenvolvem a partir de diversos meios fisiopatológicos. Objetivos Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar, por meio da tomografia de coerência óptica (OCT), se as lesões coronarianas relacionadas a esses processos diferem em seu perfil inflamatório local. Métodos Análise retrospectiva de pacientes com lesões coronárias diagnosticadas ou suspeitas que realizaram exames de OCT por motivos clínicos. Macrófagos e neovascularização intraplaca foram avaliados por OCT e utilizados como marcadores de inflamação local. O nível de significância < 0,05 foi adotado como estatisticamente significante. Resultados Das 121 lesões, 74 eram de novo , 29 eram reestenose e 18 eram neoaterosclerose. Neovascularização foi encontrada em 65,8% das de novo , 10,3% na reestenose e 94,4% na neoaterosclerose (p<0,01 para todos). O volume de neovascularização foi diferente entre os tipos de lesão (950 vs. 0 vs. 6.220, respectivamente [valores medianos em 1000 x µm 3 /mm]; p<0,01 para todos), sendo significativamente maior na neoaterosclerose e menor na reestenose. A presença de macrófagos diferiu entre as lesões (95,9% em de novo vs. 6,9% em reestenose vs. 100% em neoaterosclerose [p<0,01 para todos]). Além disso, a intensidade da infiltração macrofágica foi diferente entre os tipos de lesão (2,5 vs. 0,0 vs. 4,5, respectivamente [valores medianos do escore de macrófagos]; p<0,01 para todos), significativamente maior na neoaterosclerose e menor na reestenose. Conclusões Quando comparados pela OCT coronariana, de novo , reestenose intra-stent e neoaterosclerose apresentaram fenótipos inflamatórios marcadamente diferentes.

Abstract Background Coronary stenosis can be caused de novo atherosclerosis, in-stent restenosis, and in-stent neoatherosclerosis, three entities that develop from a diverse pathophysiological milieu. Objective This study aims to investigate, using optical coherence tomography (OCT), whether or not coronary lesions related to these processes differ in their local inflammatory profile. Methods Retrospective analysis of patients with diagnosed or suspected coronary lesions who had undergone OCT imaging for clinical reasons. Macrophage and intra-plaque neovascularization were assessed by OCT and used as surrogates of local inflammation. A significance level of < 0.05 was adopted as statistically significant. Results From the 121 lesions, 74 were de novo, 29 were restenosis, and 18 were neoatherosclerosis. Neovascularization was found in 65.8% of de novo, 10.3% in restenosis, and 94.4% in neoatherosclerosis (p<0.01 for all). The volume of neovascularization was different among lesion types (950 vs. 0 vs. 6220, respectively [median values in 1000 x µm3/mm]; p<0.01 for all), which were significantly higher in neoatherosclerosis and lower in restenosis. The presence of macrophages differed among the lesions (95.9% in de novo vs. 6.9% in restenosis vs. 100% in neoatherosclerosis [p<0.01 for all]). Moreover, the intensity of macrophagic infiltration was different among lesion types (2.5 vs. 0.0 vs. 4.5, respectively [median values of macrophage score]; p<0.01 for all), significantly higher in neoatheroscleosis and lower in restenosis. Conclusion When compared using coronary OCT, de novo atherosclerosis, in-stent restenosis, and neoatherosclerosis presented markedly different inflammatory phenotypes.

Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(2): 200-206, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376527


Abstract Introduction: Drug-eluting stents (DES) coated with rapamycin or paclitaxel as antiproliferative substances significantly reduced the incidence of clinical restenosis and had fewer side effects after percutaneous coronary intervention. However, DES coated with rapamycin or paclitaxel still cause restenosis due to abnormal tissue growth which remained a therapeutic problem, particularly in certain subgroups, possibly due to drug concentrations. This study examined the impact of different concentrations of rapamycin and paclitaxel on cytokine, cell viability and proliferation in human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMC)-derived foam cells. Methods: The foam cell model was established in vitro by incubating HASMC with 20 µg/mL oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) for 48 hours. Subsequently, foam cells were treated with different concentrations (0.01 µg/mL, 0.1 µg/mL, 0.5 µg/mL, 1 µg/mL, 5 µg/mL and 10 µg/mL) of rapamycin or paclitaxel for 48 hours, to measure cytokine, cell viability and proliferation by ELISA and MTT, respectively. Finally, viability and proliferation were measured by MTT after the foam cells were treated with 1 µg/mL rapamycin or paclitaxel combined with cytokine antibody for 48 hours. Results: After incubation of HASMC with ox-LDL, the ratios of cholesterol ester and total cholesterol increased significantly (55.29%) (P<0.01). Lipid staining with Oil Red O showed many lipid vacuoles and red dye particles in the cells. Meanwhile, cell viability and proliferation significantly increased compared with the control. This indicated that HASMC had been transformed into foam cells (P<0.01) while rapamycin or paclitaxel concentrations ≥0.1 µg/mL can significantly decrease the foam cell proliferation (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and 1 µg/mL of rapamycin or paclitaxel appeared the most effective concentration. As for cytokines, rapamycin or paclitaxel concentrations ≥1 ug/mL could significantly increase the level of inflammatory cytokines IL-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01), which was enhanced with the increase of drug concentration. However, rapamycin or paclitaxel concentrations ≥1 µg/mL could significantly reduce the levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-35 and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) (P<0.05 or P<0.01), which decreased with the increase of drug concentration. In addition, rapamycin or paclitaxel combined with anti-IL-1β, anti-IL-6, anti- TNF-α or anti-IL-35 had no significant effect on foam cell proliferation compared to the drug alone. However, rapamycin or paclitaxel combined with anti-IL-10 or anti-TGF-β can significantly enhance foam cell proliferation (P<0.01). In addition, there was no difference in the effects of the same concentrations of rapamycin and paclitaxel on foam cells. Conclusion: Although rapamycin or paclitaxel can reduce foam cell proliferation, too high or too low concentrations could decrease effectiveness. In particular, a high dose can induce foam cells to increase inflammatory cytokines secretion, reduce anti-inflammatory cytokines secretion, and thus affect the inhibiting proliferation. For rapamycin- and paclitaxel-eluting stents, this conclusion may explain the clinical observation of in-stent restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention. DES coated with an appropriate concentration of rapamycin or paclitaxel may, at least to some extent, contribute significantly to reducing incidence of late in-stent restenosis.

J. Transcatheter Interv ; 30: eA20210034, 20220101. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401883


O tratamento de lesões reestenóticas intra-stent, principalmente as calcificadas, com subexpansão do stent, geralmente requer o uso de técnicas mais complexas para sua execução, como a aterectomia rotacional. O caso se trata de um paciente do sexo masculino com lesão reestenótica focal intra-stent de 99% na origem do primeiro ramo diagonal, local onde foram implantados dois stents há 14 anos. Após falha da angioplastia apenas com balões, realizou-se a ablação da placa e de parte das hastes dos stents pela técnica de aterectomia rotacional, o que possibilitou o implante de novo stent com sua expansão total.

Treatment of in-stent restenosis lesions, especially calcified lesions, with stent underexpansion, generally requires more complex techniques, such as rotational atherectomy. The case reported is a male patient with a 99% in-stent focal restenosis lesion at the origin of the first diagonal branch, where two stents were implanted 14 years ago. After failure of balloon angioplasty alone, ablation of the plaque and part of the stent struts was performed using the rotational atherectomy technique, which allowed the implantation of a new stent which was totally expanded.

Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 727-733, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285209


Resumo Fundamento: A incidência de reestenose da artéria coronária após o implante de um stent não farmacológico é mais baixa que na angioplastia com balão; no entanto, ainda apresenta altas taxas. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar novos indicadores de risco para reestenose de stent usando ultrassonografia das carótidas que, em conjunto com indicadores já existentes, ajudariam na escolha do stent. Métodos: Realizamos um estudo prospectivo transversal incluindo 121 pacientes consecutivos com doença arterial coronariana que foram submetidos à intervenção coronária percutânea com angiografia nos 12 meses anteriores. Após os casos de reestenose de stent serem identificados, os pacientes foram submetidos à ultrassonografia de carótidas para avaliar a espessura da camada íntima média e placas ateroscleróticas. Os dados foram analisados por regressão múltipla de Cox. O nível de significância foi p<0,05. Resultados: A idade mediana dos pacientes foi de 60 anos (1º quartil = 55, 3º quartil = 68), e 64,5% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino. A angiografia coronária mostrou que 57 pacientes (47,1%) apresentaram reestenose de stent. Cinquenta e cinco pacientes (45,5%) apresentaram placas ateroscleróticas ecolucentes nas artérias carótidas e 54,5% apresentaram placas ecogênicas ou nenhuma placa. Dos pacientes que apresentaram placas ecolucentes, 90,9% apresentaram reestenose do stent coronário, e daqueles com placas ecogênicas ou nenhuma placa, 10,6% apresentaram reestenose de stent. A presença de placas ecolucentes nas artérias carótidas aumentou o risco de reestenose de stent coronário em 8,21 vezes (RR=8,21;IC95%: 3,58-18,82; p<0,001). Conclusões: A presença de placas ateroscleróticas ecolucentes na artéria carótida constitui um preditor de risco de reestenose de stent coronário e deve ser considerada na escolha do tipo de stenta ser usado na angioplastia coronária.

Abstract Background: The incidence of restenosis of the coronary artery after a bare-metal stent implant has been lower than in simple balloon angioplasty; however, it still shows relatively high rates. Objective: The aim of this study was to find new risk indicators for in-stent restenosis using carotid ultrasonography, that, in addition to the already existing indicators, would help in decision-making for stent selection. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional prospective study including 121 consecutive patients with chronic coronary artery disease who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention with repeat angiography in the previous 12 months. After all cases of in-stent restenosis were identified, patients underwent carotid ultrasonography to evaluate carotid intima-media thickness and atherosclerosis plaques. The data were analyzed by Cox multiple regression. The significance level was set a p<0.05. Results: Median age of patients was 60 years (1st quartile = 55, 3rd quartile = 68), and 64.5% of patients were male. Coronary angiography showed that 57 patients (47.1%) presented in-stent restenosis. Fifty-five patients (45.5%) had echolucent atherosclerotic plaques in carotid arteries and 54.5% had echogenic plaques or no plaques. Of patients with who had echolucent plaques, 90.9% presented coronary in-stent restenosis. Of those who had echogenic plaques or no plaques, 10.6% presented in-stent restenosis. The presence of echolucent plaques in carotid arteries increased the risk of coronary in-stent restenosis by 8.21 times (RR=8.21; 95%CI: 3.58-18.82; p<0.001). Conclusions: The presence of echolucent atherosclerotic plaques in carotid artery constitutes a risk predictor of coronary instent restenosis and should be considered in the selection of the type of stent to be used in coronary angioplasty.

Humans , Male , Female , Coronary Restenosis/etiology , Coronary Restenosis/diagnostic imaging , Atherosclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Stents/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Coronary Angiography , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Middle Aged
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(4): 613-619, out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1131349


Resumo Fundamento: Selecionar a estratégia de tratamento ideal para a revascularização coronária é um desafio. Um desfecho crucial a ser considerado no momento dessa escolha é a necessidade de refazer a revascularização, uma vez que ela se torna muito mais frequente após a intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP) do que após a cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (CRM). Objetivo: Pretende-se, com este estudo, trazer reflexões acerca das preferências dos pacientes pelas estratégias de revascularização sob a perspectiva de pacientes que tiveram que refazer a revascularização. Métodos: Selecionamos uma amostra de pacientes que haviam sido submetidos à ICP e hospitalizados para refazer a revascularização coronária e elicitamos suas preferências por nova ICP ou CRM. Morte perioperatória, mortalidade a longo prazo, infarto do miocárdio e repetir a revascularização foram utilizados para a construção de cenários a partir da descrição de tratamentos hipotéticos que foram rotulados como ICP ou CRM. A ICP era sempre apresentada como a opção com menor incidência de morte perioperatória e maior necessidade de se refazer o procedimento. O modelo logístico condicional foi empregado para analisar as escolhas dos pacientes, utilizando-se o software R. Valores de p <0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: Ao todo, 144 pacientes participaram, a maioria dos quais (73,7%) preferiram a CRM à ICP (p < 0,001). Os coeficientes de regressão foram estatisticamente significativos para o rótulo ICP, mortalidade a longo prazo da ICP, morte perioperatória da CRM, mortalidade a longo prazo da CRM e refazer a CRM. O rótulo ICP foi o parâmetro mais importante (p < 0,05). Conclusão: A maioria dos pacientes que enfrentam a necessidade de refazer a revascularização coronária rejeitam uma nova ICP, com base em níveis realistas de riscos e benefícios. Incorporar as preferências dos pacientes à estimativa do risco-benefício e às recomendações de tratamento poderia melhorar o cuidado centrado no paciente.

Abstract Background: Selecting the optimal treatment strategy for coronary revascularization is challenging. A crucial endpoint to be considered when making this choice is the necessity to repeat revascularization since it is much more frequent after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) than after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Objective: This study intends to provide insights on patients' preferences for revascularization, strategies in the perspective of patients who had to repeat revascularization. Methods: We selected a sample of patients who had undergone PCI and were hospitalized to repeat coronary revascularization and elicited their preferences for a new PCI or CABG. Perioperative death, long-term death, myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization were used to design scenarios describing hypothetical treatments that were labeled as PCI or CABG. PCI was always presented as the option with lower perioperative death risk and a higher necessity to repeat procedure. A conditional logit model was used to analyze patients' choices using R software. A p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 144 patients participated, most of them (73.7%) preferred CABG over PCI (p < 0.001). The regression coefficients were statistically significant for PCI label, PCI long-term death, CABG perioperative death, CABG long-term death and repeat CABG. The PCI label was the most important parameter (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Most patients who face the necessity to repeat coronary revascularization reject a new PCI, considering realistic levels of risks and benefits. Incorporating patients' preferences into benefit-risk calculation and treatment recommendations could enhance patient-centered care.

Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Coronary Artery Bypass , Treatment Outcome , Patient Preference
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 119-123, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734528


Objective To study the clinical value of anti-oxidative stress biomarkers for diagnosing in-stent restenosis and in-reocclusion after coronary stent implantation in aged patients.Methods A total of 72 advanced-aged patients with in-stent restenosis and in-stent reocclusion after coronary stent implantation were successively recruited in this retrospective study from February 2010 to November 2017.Changes in serum superoxide dismutase 3(SOD3),nitric oxide(NO),endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase(eNOS)and malondialdehyde(MDA)levels were measured.Results Serum 1evels of SOD3,NO and eNOS decreased and serum MDA levels were elevated in advanced-aged patients with in-stent restenosis.There were significant differences in serum levels of SOD3,NO,eNOS and MDA between the advanced-aged patients without in-stent restenosis and the advanced-aged patients with multivessel in-stent restenosis or reocclusion[(20.0±3.2) × 103U/L vs.(10.9±3.9) ×103U/L,(61.2±14.2)μmol/L vs.(28.3±17.2)μmol/L,(75.9±24.7)ng/L vs.(33.0±119.6)ng/L,(2.2±1.4)nmol/L vs.(11.7±3.1)nmol/L,respectively,P<0.01].Patients with 50-69% restenosis had higher serum levels of SOD3,NO and eNOS and lower levels of MDA than patients with 100% restenosis[(21.3 ± 2.9) × 103 U/L vs.(10.3 ± 4.0) × 103 U/L,(59.7 ± 16.7) μmol/L vs.(38.3 ±16.3)μmol/L,(74.5±21.1)ng/L vs.(41.9±26.8)ng/L,(2.6±3.9 nmol/L)vs.(10.1±3.1)nmol/L,respectively,P < 0.01].Patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 55 % had higher serum levels of SOD3,NO and eNOS and lower levels of MDA than patients with LVEF<30% [(21.0±4.1) × 103 U/L vs.(5.3±1.9) × 103 U/L,(60.1 ± 14.2)μmol/L vs.(29.0± 13.2)μmol/L,(74.7±25.1)ng/L vs.(39.3 ± 20.3) ng/L,(2.3 ± 1.5) nmol/L vs.(10.0 ± 3.9) nmol/L,respectively,P <0.01].Serum levels of SOD3,NO and eNOS were higher and MDA levels were lower in patients with New York Heart Association(NYHA)Class Ⅰ than in patients with NYHA Class Ⅳ[(22.1±3.5)×103U/L vs.(9.7±2.9) × 103 U/L,(62.9± 13.9)μmol/L vs.(24.9± 13.3)μmol/L,(76.7±26.7) ng/L vs.(41.9±21.5)ng/L,(2.7± 1.9)nmol/L vs.(8.7±3.8)nmol/L,respectively,P<0.01].Conclusions Serum level changes of anti-oxidative stress biomarkers such as SOD3,NO and eNOS may have clinical value in diagnosing in-stent restenosis and in-reocclusion after coronary stent implantation in aged patients.

Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 379-382, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744881


Objective To investigate the association between epicedial adipose thickness (EAT)and coronary artery in-stent restenosis (ISR).Methods 617 patients underwent review of coronary angiography in one year of drug-eluting stent implantation in our hospital from October 2013 to October 2015 were enrolled in the study.According to the angiography resluts,patients were divided into ISR group and control group.All cases recieved ultrasonic analysis of epicardial adipose thickness and biochemical test.The correlation of EAT,biochemical concentrations and ISR were determined.Results The EAT in ISR group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(7.78 ± 1.32) mm vs (4.19 ± 0.57) mm,t =22.998,P < 0.001].It was also found that the family history of premature coronary artery disease and the severity of coronary artery lessions based on Syntax scores in the IRS group were higher than those in normal control group.Biochemical tests showed that plasma levels of triglycerides and glycosylated hemoglobin were higher,including plasma homocysteine and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (P < 0.05).Multivariates logistic regression analysis suggested that the EAT was associated with ISR [Exp(B) =0.001,P =0.004].Moreover,one-way linear regression showed that EAT was correlated with the severity of IRS (r =0.891,P <0.001).Conclusions Epicardial adipose thickness was correlated with the occurrence and severity of coronary artery in-stent restenosis.

Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 949-951, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744479


Objective To summarize the effect and safety of paclitaxel drug-coated balloon in the treatment of patients with coronary in-stent restenosis.Methods From August 2015 to July 2018,30 patients with in-stent restenosis in Jinqiu Hospital of Liaoning Province were selected and they had undertook the percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty(PTCA) with paclitaxel drug-coated balloon under intravascular ultrasound-guided.Results Intravascular ultrasound was done after PTCA with ordinary balloon before the paclitaxel drug - coated balloon angioplasty.The drug-coated balloon expansion continued to 30s-60s[(43 ± 11)s] in all in-stent restenosis,and the success rate of immediate intervention operation was 100%.The lesion degree of stenosis and lesions minimum diameter at postoperation and preoperation had statistically significant differences[(10.67 ± 5.53)% vs.(79.67 ± 9.28)% ,t= -33.797,P<0.01;(2.80 ± 0.44)mm vs.(0.64 ± 0.31)mm,t=22.039,P<0.01].There was one 89-year-old patient died because of respiratory failure from pneumonia,and two patients with angina pectoris after operation got relieve after one week drug treatment. There were no other adverse cardiovascular events during the duration of hospital stay after the intervention operation.Conclusion Paclitaxel drug-coated balloon is effective and safe in the treatment of patients with coronary in - stent restenosis lesions. It is one new method named " the intervention without once again permanent implant " that the paclitaxel drug - coated balloon expands under intravascular ultrasound-guided,but the long-term effect is uncertain yet.

Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine ; (6): 228-230, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699389


Restenosis and in-stent thrombosis may occur after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI),therefore, its inhibition and improvement of patient's prognosis is a big challenge.Discovery of microRNAs develops a new view for this.Restenosis and in-stent thrombosis may be inhibited through regulating microRNA.The present article summarized experimental and clinical evidence of microRNA playing role after vascular injury,suggest that circulat-ing microRNA can be used as a biomarker for inhibiting restenosis after PCI.

Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 757-763, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687042


<p><b>Background</b>It is known that there is a definite association between platelet distribution width (PDW) and poor prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, there are no data available regarding the prognostic significance of PDW for in-stent restenosis (ISR) in patients with CAD and T2DM. We aimed to determine the value of PDW on admission that predicted ISR in patients with CAD and T2DM.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Between January 2012 and December 2013, a total of 5232 consecutive patients diagnosed with CAD and T2DM undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention were admitted. Three years of retrospective follow-up was undertaken. A total of 438 patients with second angiography operations were included. ISR was defined as ≥50% luminal stenosis of the stent or peri-stent segments. Continuous data were presented as the mean ± standard deviation or median (P, P) and were compared by one-way analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis H-test. Categorical variables were presented as percentages and were compared by Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. The association between PDW and ISR was calculated by logistic regression analysis. A two-sided value of P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Statistical analyses were performed by SPSS version 22.0 for windows.</p><p><b>Results</b>Fifty-nine patients with ISR, accounting for 13.5% of the total, were included. ISR was significantly more frequent in patients with higher PDW quartiles compared with lower quartiles. We observed that PDW had a strong relationship with mean platelet volume (r = 0.647, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.535-0.750, P < 0.0001). The receiver-operating characteristic curves showed that the PDW cutoff value for predicting ISR rate was 13.65 fl with sensitivity of 59.3% and specificity of 72.4% (area under curve [AUC] = 0.701, 95% CI: 0.625-0.777, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that the risk of ISR increased approximately 30% when PDW increased one unit (odds ratio [OR]: 1.289, 95% CI: 1.110-1.498, P = 0.001). Patients with higher PDW, defined as more than 13.65 fl, had a 4-fold higher risk of ISR compared with lower PDW (OR: 4.241, 95% CI: 1.879-9.572, P = 0.001). Furthermore, when patients were divided by PDW quartiles values, PDW was able to predict ISR (Q2: OR = 0.762, 95% CI: 0.189-3.062, P = 0.762; Q3: OR = 2.782, 95% CI: 0.865-8.954, P = 0.086; and Q4: OR = 3.849, 95% CI: 1.225-12.097, P = 0.021, respectively; P for trend <0.0001).</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>PDW is an independent predictor of ISR in patients with CAD and T2DM.</p>

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Platelets , Metabolism , Coronary Artery Disease , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Coronary Restenosis , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Mean Platelet Volume , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2806-2810, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733423


Objective To explore relationship between dietary structure and restenosis of patients after PCI. Methods Select a total of 240 cases of PCI postoperative imaging review of coronary heart disease patients as the research object. General information questionnaire and food frequency questionnaire were used. Analyze the relationship between dietary structure and restenosis of patients after pereutaneous coronary intervention. Results The intakes of fruits, vegetables and dairy products were 40.83%(98/240), 35.42%(85/240) and 44.58% (107/240), respectively, and the proportion of meat, grease and salt was higher in poultry, 46.25%(111/240), 73.33%(176/240) and 57.08%(137/240), and the intake of vitamin B6, folic acid, vitamin C and calcium were higher, 75.83% (182/240), 59.17% (142/240), 47.50% (114/240) and 54.58% (131/240) respectively; the body mass index, body fat rate and smoking history were positively correlated with restenosis after PCI (r=0.276, 0.183, 0.334, P<0.05), and the intake of thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin C, vitamin E, magnesium, zinc and selenium was negatively correlated with restenosis (r=-0.257--0.163, P<0.05) The body mass index, vitamin C and selenium intake were the main influencing factors of restenosis (Wald χ2=4.398, 3.928, 5.217, P<0.05). Conclusions The patients'diet structure is poor and the nutrition is unbalanced, and the clinical nursing staff should strengthen the dietary guidance to patients, which is beneficial to prevent the occurrence of restenosis.

Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2493-2496, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702116


Objective To compare the clinical effect of three methods of treatment for the in-stent restenosis(ISR)after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI),drug coated balloon(DCB)compared with common balloon and drug eluting stent(DES).Methods From August 2014 to January 2018,95 cases of ISR in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Southeast University were diagnosed by coronary angiography.They were treated with common balloon,DCB or second generation DES.The patients were assigned to the DCB group 25 cases or the second-generation DES group(23 cases)and balloon group(47 cases)according to the therapeutic strategies they accepted.Major adverse cardiac events(MACE)of patients were followed by telephone or hospital visit at 6-12 months.MACE was defined as a composite of cardiac death,nonfatal myocardial infarction(MI),and target vessel revascularization(TVR).Results In summary,95 patients with DES-ISR were enrolled,including 47 patients in the balloon group,23 patients in the DCB group and 25 patients in the second-generation DES group.Coronary angiography was performed 6-12 months after operation.The minimum lumen diameter(MLD)of the DCB group was significantly larger than those of the balloon and DES groups[(1.86 ±0.27)mm vs.(2.16 ±0.43)mm,t =3.57,P =0.00;(1.94 ±0.31)mm vs.(2.16 ± 0.43)mm,t=2.05,P=0.05].The restenosis rate of the DCB group was significantly lower than those of the balloon group and DES group[15 cases(31.91%)vs.2 cases(8.69%),χ2 =4.53,P=0.02;8 cases(32.00%)vs.2 cases(8.69%),χ2 =2.66,P=0.05].The rate of late lumen loss(LLL)in the DCB group was significantly lower than those of balloon group and DES group [(0.67 ±0.28)mm vs.(0.21 ±0.18)mm,t =7.17,P =0.00;(0.43 ± 0.28)mm vs.(0.21 ±0.18)mm,t=3.21,P=0.00].MACE was significantly lower than balloon group and DES group[16 cases(34.04%)vs.1 cases(4.76%),χ2 =7.02,P=0.01;8 cases(32.00%)vs.1 cases(4.76%),χ2 =4.06,P=0.02].Conclusion Drug balloon dilatation in stent restenosis is more effective and safer than common balloon dilatation and re-implantation of drug eluting stents.

Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(4): 277-283, Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887947


Abstract Background: The place of drug-eluting balloons (DEB) in the treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR) is not well-defined, particularly in a population of all-comers with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Objective: Compare the clinical outcomes of DEB with second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) for the treatment of ISR in a real-world population with a high proportion of ACS. Methods: A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with ISR treated with a DEB compared to patients treated with a second-generation DES was performed. The primary endpoint was a composite of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE: all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization). Comparisons were performed using Cox proportional hazards multivariate adjustment and Kaplan-Meier analysis with log-rank. Results: The cohort included 91 patients treated with a DEB and 89 patients treated with a DES (74% ACS). Median follow-up was 26 months. MACE occurred in 33 patients (36%) in the DEB group, compared to 17 patients (19%) in the DES group (p log-rank = 0.02). After multivariate adjustment, there was no significant difference between the groups (HR for DEB = 1.45 [95%CI: 0.75-2.83]; p = 0.27). Mortality rates at 1 year were 11% with DEB, and 3% with DES (p = 0.04; adjusted HR = 2.85 [95%CI: 0.98-8.32]; p = 0.06). Conclusion: In a population with a high proportion of ACS, a non-significant numerical signal towards increased rates of MACE with DEB compared to second-generation DES for the treatment of ISR was observed, mainly driven by a higher mortality rate. An adequately-powered randomized controlled trial is necessary to confirm these findings.

Resumo Fundamento: O papel de balões farmacológicos (BFs) no tratamento de reestenose intra-stent (RIS) não está bem definido, particularmente em na síndrome coronária aguda (SCA). Objetivo: Comparar desfechos clínicos do uso de BF com stents farmacológicos (SFs) de segunda geração no tratamento de RIS em uma população real com alta prevalência de SCA. Métodos: Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva de pacientes consecutivos com RIS tratados com um BF comparados a pacientes tratados com SF de segunda geração. O desfecho primário incluiu eventos cardiovasculares adversos importantes (morte por todas as causas, infarto do miocárdio não fatal, e revascularização da lesão alvo). As comparações foram realizadas pelo modelo proporcional de riscos de Cox ajustado e análise de Kaplan-Meier com log-rank. Resultados: A coorte incluiu 91 pacientes tratados com BF e 89 pacientes tratados com um SF (75% com SCA). O tempo mediano de acompanhamento foi de 26 meses. Eventos cardiovasculares adversos importantes ocorreram em 33 pacientes (36%) no grupo BF, e em 17 (19%) no grupo SF (p log-rank = 0,02). Após ajuste multivariado, não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos (HR para BF = 1,45 [IC95%: 0,75-2,83]; p = 0,27). As taxas de mortalidade de 1 ano foram 11% com BF, e 3% com SF (p = 0,04; HR ajustado = 2,85 [IC95%: 0,98-8,32; p = 0,06). Conclusão: Em uma população com alta prevalência de SCA, observou-se um aumento não significativo nas taxas de eventos cardiovasculares adversos importantes com o uso de BF comparado ao uso de SF de segunda geração para o tratamento de RIS, principalmente pelo aumento na taxa de mortalidade. É necessário um ensaio clínico controlado, randomizado, com poder estatístico adequado para confirmar esses achados.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/instrumentation , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Coronary Restenosis/therapy , Acute Coronary Syndrome/therapy , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Prosthesis Design , Time Factors , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/adverse effects , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Coronary Restenosis/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(2): 149-153, Feb. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838698


Abstract Background: According to common belief, most myocardial infarctions (MIs) are due to the rupture of nonsevere, vulnerable plaques with < 70% obstruction. Data from recent trials challenge this belief, suggesting that the risk of coronary occlusion is, in fact, much higher after severe stenosis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not acute ST-elevation MIs result from high-grade stenoses by evaluating the presence of coronary collateral circulation (CCC). Methods: We retrospectively included 207 consecutive patients who had undergone primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST-elevation MI. Collateral blood flow distal to the culprit lesion was assessed by two investigators using the Rentrop scoring system. Results: Out of the 207 patients included in the study, 153 (73.9%) had coronary collateral vessels (Rentrop 1-3). The Rentrop scores were 0, 1, 2, and 3 in 54 (26.1%), 50 (24.2%), 51 (24.6%), and 52 (25.1%) patients, respectively. Triglycerides, mean platelet volume (MPV), white cell (WBC) count, and neutrophil count were significantly lower in the group with good collateral vessels (p = 0.013, p = 0.002, p = 0.003, and p = 0.021, respectively). Conclusion: More than 70% of the patients with acute MI had CCC with Rentrop scores of 1-3 during primary coronary angiography. This shows that most cases of acute MI in our study originated from underlying high-grade stenoses, challenging the common believe. Higher serum triglycerides levels, greater MPV, and increased WBC and neutrophil counts were independently associated with impaired development of collateral vessels.

Resumo Fundamento: Há uma crença geral de que a maioria dos infartos agudos do miocárdio (IAM) ocorrem devido à ruptura de placas vulneráveis, não graves, com obstrução < 70%. Dados de ensaios recentes desafiam esta crença, sugerindo que o risco de oclusão coronariana é, na realidade, muito maior após estenose grave. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar se a presença ou não de IAM com supradesnível do segmento ST resulta de estenoses de alto grau através da avaliação da presença de circulação colateral coronariana (CCC). Métodos: Nós incluímos retrospectivamente 207 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à intervenção coronariana percutânea primária devido à ocorrência de IAM com supradesnível do segmento ST. O fluxo sanguíneo colateral distal à lesão culpada foi avaliado por dois investigadores com utilização do sistema de escores de Rentrop. Resultados: Dos 207 pacientes incluídos no estudo, 153 (73,9%) apresentavam vasos coronarianos colaterais (Rentrop 1-3). Os escores Rentrop foram de 0, 1, 2 e 3 em 54 (26,1%), 50 (24,2%), 51 (24,6%) e 52 (25,1%) pacientes, respectivamente. Triglicérides, volume plaquetário médio (VPM), contagem de células brancas (CCB) e contagem de neutrófilos estiveram significativamente mais baixos no grupo com bons vasos colaterais (p = 0,013, p = 0,002, p = 0,003 e p = 0,021, respectivamente). Conclusão: Mais de 70% dos pacientes com IAM apresentaram CCC com escores de Rentrop de 1-3 durante angiografia coronariana primária. Isto demonstra que a maioria dos casos de IAM em nosso estudo originou a partir de estenoses subjacentes de alto grau, contrariamente à sabedoria comum. Níveis séricos mais elevados de triglicérides, maior VPM e elevação na CCB e na contagem de neutrófilos estiveram independentemente associados com comprometimento no desenvolvimento de vasos colaterais.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Collateral Circulation/physiology , Coronary Circulation/physiology , Coronary Stenosis/complications , Coronary Stenosis/physiopathology , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/etiology , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 725-728, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609962


Objective To investigate the relationship between serum cystatin C (Cys C) level and the occurrence of in-stent restenosis after coronary drug-eluting stent implantation.Methods A retrospective analysis of coronary drug-eluting stent implantation was curried out in 592 patients.All patients were from Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University by coronary angiography,and were divided into restenosis group (142 cases) and non restenosis group (450 cases).The Cys C levels before and after surgery and follow-up angiography were analyzed.The biochemical indicators,and transcatheter arterial restenosis were analyzed.Results Either before or after operation and follow-up angiography,serum cystatin C levels were higher in restenosis group patients than that in non restenosis group [before operation:(1.622 ± 1.063) mg/L vs (1.369 ± 0.860) mg/L;after the operation:(1.769 ± 1.062) mg/L vs (1.458 ± 0.883) mg/L;review:(1.924 ± 1.085) mg/L vs (1.440 ± 0.874) mg/L;P < 0.05].Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that serum cystatin C level was an independent risk factor of in-stent restenosis in drugeluting area (P < 0.05).Conclusions The serum cystatin C level is closely related to in-stent restenosis in drug-eluting stents area.High level of serum cystatin C is an independent risk factor of in-stent restenosis after drug-eluting stents implantation.

Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1776-1778, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705741


Objective o investigate the clinical efficacy of atherectomy in the treatment of Tosaka class Ⅲ in-stent restenosis in the femoropopliteal artery. Methods From June 2013 to December 2015, 33 restenotic lesions after femoropopliteal artery stenting were retrospectively analyzed by clinical information including technical success rate, incidence of complications, improvement of postoperative symptoms and objective indicators, and target vessel patency. Results To January 2016, twenty-eight cases were followed up. The average follow-up time was 17. 9 months. Five cases were lost. The follow-up rate was 84. 9%. The technical success rate was 100%. The patency rate was 79. 9% at 6 months and 65. 8% at 1 year after surgery. Conclusions Atherectomy is safe and effective for treatment of Tosaka classⅢin-stent restenosis in femoropopliteal artery with good short-term and medium-term efficacy.