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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(5): 602-608, Set.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376684

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Vitamin E supplementation may protect against exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) through possible inhibition of free radical formation and cell membrane stabilization. However, there is no systematic review of this topic. This fact maintains academic stalemates that may have a resolution. Objective: This systematic review with meta-analysis aims to provide a comprehensive literature review on the hypothesis of the benefit of vitamin E supplementation on oxidative stress and muscle damage induced by aerobic exercise. Methods: A random-effects model was used, weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were applied to estimate the overall effect. Results: The results revealed a significant effect of vitamin E supplementation on reducing creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). In addition, a subgroup analysis resulted in a significant decrease in CK concentrations in trials with immediate and <24 hours post-exercise CK measurement; <1000 at daily vitamin E intake; ≤1 at weekly intake; 1 at six weeks and >6 weeks experimental duration, studies on aerobic exercise and training were part of the crossover study. Conclusion: Vitamin E can be seen as a priority agent for recovery from muscle damage. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução: A suplementação de vitamina E pode ter um efeito protetor contra danos musculares induzidos pelo exercício (EIMD) através da possível inibição da formação radical livre e estabilização da membrana celular. Todavia, não há uma revisão sistemática sobre esse tema. Tal fato mantém empasses acadêmicos que podem ter uma resolução. Objetivo: Esta revisão sistemática com meta-análise objetiva fornecer uma análise bibliográfica abrangente na hipótese do benefício na suplementação de vitaminas E sobre o estresse oxidativo e os danos musculares induzidos pelo pelo exercício aeróbico. Métodos: Foi utilizado um modelo com efeitos aleatórios, diferença média ponderada (ADM) e intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC) foram aplicados para estimar o efeito geral. Resultados: Os resultados revelaram um efeito significativo da suplementação de vitamina E na redução da creatina-quinase (CK) e lactato-desidrogenase (LDH). Além disso, uma análise do subgrupo resultou em uma diminuição significativa das concentrações de CK em ensaios com medição imediata e <24 horas de CK após o exercício; <1000 no consumo diário de vitamina E; ≤1 no consumo semanal; 1 em 6 semanas e >6 semanas de duração experimental, estudos sobre exercício aeróbico e treinamento fizeram parte do estudo cruzado. Conclusão: A vitamina E pode ser vista como um agente prioritário de recuperação de danos musculares. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción: La suplementación con vitamina E puede tener un efecto protector contra el daño muscular inducido por el ejercicio (EIMD) a través de la posible inhibición de la formación de radicales libres y la estabilización de la membrana celular. Sin embargo, no existe ninguna revisión sistemática sobre este tema. Este hecho mantiene un impasse académico que puede tener resolución. Objetivo: Esta revisión sistemática con meta-análisis tiene como objetivo proporcionar una amplia revisión de la literatura sobre la hipótesis del beneficio de la suplementación con vitamina E sobre el estrés oxidativo y el daño muscular inducido por el ejercicio aeróbico. Métodos: Se utilizó un modelo de efectos aleatorios, se aplicó la diferencia de medias ponderada (DMP) y el intervalo de confianza (IC) del 95% para estimar el efecto global. Resultados: Los resultados revelaron un efecto significativo de la suplementación con vitamina E en la reducción de la creatina quinasa (CK) y la lactato deshidrogenasa (LDH). Además, un análisis de subgrupos dio como resultado una disminución significativa de las concentraciones de CK en los ensayos con medición de CK inmediata y <24 horas después del ejercicio; <1000 en la ingesta diaria de vitamina E; ≤1 en la ingesta semanal; 1 en 6 semanas y >6 semanas de duración experimental, los estudios sobre el ejercicio aeróbico y el entrenamiento formaron parte del estudio cruzado. Conclusión: La vitamina E puede resultar un agente prioritario para la recuperación del daño muscular. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

2.
Med. UIS ; 35(1): 49-56, ene,-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394432

ABSTRACT

Resumen La polimiositis es una miopatía autoinmune que causa cada año a nivel mundial 4 casos por cada millón de habitantes, es de diagnóstico clínico y necesita tratamiento rápido y agresivo porque puede llevar a desenlaces fatales. Esta patología es infrecuente en hombres con una proporción mujer/hombre de 2.5:1, por lo que el objetivo del artículo fue describir y comparar con la literatura el caso de un paciente masculino con polimiositis quien debutó con debilidad muscular y dolor poliarticular de 20 días de evolución, con valores de creatina quinasa de 24000 UI/L, asociado a pérdida de peso y respondiendo adecuadamente al tratamiento médico brindado en el momento. Después de 3 años asintomático, sufrió una agudización que fue manejada con medicamentos de primera línea, pero sin mejoría, por lo que requirió metilprednisolona oral a altas dosis e inmunomoduladores. En ningún momento presentó compromiso de órganos vitales, actualmente es sintomático y se encuentra en manejo médico. MÉD.UIS.2022;35(1):49-56.


Abstract Polymyositis is an autoimmune myopathy and each year it causes 4 cases per million in the worldwide population, it is clinically diagnosed and needs rapid and aggressive treatment because it can lead to fatal outcomes. This pathology is infrequent in men, with a proportion women/men 2.5:1, the objective of the article was to describe and compare with the literature the case of a male patient with polymyositis, who presented with muscle weakness and polyarticular pain of 20 days of evolution, with Creatine kinase values of 24,000 IU/L, associated with weight loss, and responding adequately to the medical treatment provided at the time. After 3 years asymptomatic, he suffered an acute phase that was managed with first-line medications but without improvement, for which he required oral methylprednisolone at high doses and inmunomodulators. At no time did he present vital organ involvement, he is currently symptomatic and is under medical management. MÉD.UIS.2022;35(1):49-56.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 640-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941486

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of diagnosis and treatment of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of one TTS patient after liver transplantation was retrospectively analyzed. Clinical features, diagnosis and treatment strategies were summarized, and literature review was conducted. Results A 43-year-old female patient successfully underwent split liver transplantation due to primary biliary cirrhosis for 8 years. At postoperative 3 d, the patient developed anxiety, irritation, dyspnea, disorientation, hypotension, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) of > 35 000 pg/mL, creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) of 5.9 U/L and troponin I (TnI) of 1.78 μg/L. Electrocardiogram indicated the signs of sinus rhythm. Echocardiography indicated diffuse weakening of the left ventricular wall motion and spherical dilatation of the apex, accompanied with moderate and severe regurgitation of the mitral valve and tricuspid valve. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) declined to 23%, whereas no abnormal segmental motion of ventricular wall or corresponding electrocardiogram changes were observed. The possibility of acute coronary syndrome was excluded. The InterTAK diagnostic score was 73. The diagnosis of TTS after liver transplantation was considered. Metoprolol, coenzyme Q10, recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide, deacetyl lanatoside and lorazepam were given. Echocardiography at postoperative 10 d showed that the left ventricular function was significantly improved and the LVEF recovered to 50%. The patient was discharged 40 d after liver transplantation. The liver function was recovered well. During postoperative follow-up, she was given with metoprolol till the submission date, and no recurrence was reported. Conclusions TTS after liver transplantation is rare in clinical practice. It is difficult to make the diagnosis. The condition of TTS is severe and clinical prognosis is poor. Prompt diagnosis and interventions should be implemented.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923822

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: The early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains challenging, especially for institutions without the high-sensitive cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) assay. Herein, we aim to assess the value of creatine kinase-myocardial band isoenzyme (CK-MB) combined with different cardiac troponin (cTn) assays in AMI diagnosis. METHODS: This multicenter, observational study included 3,706 patients with acute chest pain from September 1, 2015, to September 30, 2017. We classified the participants into three groups according to the cTn assays: the point-of-care cTn (POC-cTn) group, the contemporary cTn (c-cTn) group, and hs-cTn group. The diagnostic value was quantified using sensitivity and the area under the curve (AUC). RESULTS: Compared to the single POC-cTn/c-cTn assays, combining CK-MB and POC-cTn/c-cTn increased the diagnostic sensitivity of AMI (56.1% vs. 63.9%, P<0.001; 82.7% vs. 84.3%, P=0.025). In contrast, combining CK-MB and hs-cTn did not change the sensitivity compared with hs-cTn alone (95.0% vs. 95.0%, P>0.999). In the subgroup analysis, the sensitivity of combining CK-MB and c-cTn increased with time from symptom onset <6 h compared with c-cTn alone (72.8% vs. 75.0%, P=0.046), while the sensitivity did not increase with time from symptom onset >6 h (97.5% vs. 98.3%, P=0.317). The AUC of the combination of CK-MB and POC-cTn significantly increased compared to the single POC-cTn assay (0.776 vs. 0.750, P=0.002). The AUC of the combined CK-MB and c-cTn/hs-cTn assays did not significantly decrease compared with that of the single c-cTn/hs-cTn assays within 6 h. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of CK-MB and POC-cTn or c-cTn may be valuable for the early diagnosis of AMI, especially when hs-cTn is not available.

5.
Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander, Salud ; 53: e303, dic. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365445

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The study of functional impact of delayed onset muscle soreness has been limited to describe the decline on maximal isometric contraction, but muscular work and time to peak torque has not been examined yet. Purpose: To describe the changes induced by a session of lengthening contractions on muscle performance and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in the Institutional laboratory; Twenty healthy men; mean age 21 SD 0.34 were recruited, all subjects performed 200 lengthening contractions of the quadriceps at 120°/s. Isometric and isokinetic peak torque, muscular work, time to peak torque, DOMS and creatine kinase activity were assessed at baseline, 48 h and 96 h post-exercise. The muscle performance was assessed with an isokinetic dynamometer and DOMS with a visual analog scale (VAS). Results: Relative to baseline, isometric and isokinetic peak torque and muscular work decreased in ~30% at 48 h post-exercise; delayed onset muscle soreness increased ~300%, which remained at 96 h post-exercise. Conclusions: These reflect that the decline in muscular performance is due to the changes in peak torque and muscular work, which has greater implications on muscle function. No changes were detected in time to peak torque. The alterations in muscular performance variables are accompanied by delayed onset muscle soreness which has also a negative impact on force production (29% of the drop on peak torque is explain by soreness intensity).


Resumen Introducción: Los estudios de impacto funcional del dolor muscular de aparición tardía (DMAT) se han limitado a describir la disminución de la contracción isométrica máxima, pero aún no se ha examinado el trabajo muscular y el tiempo del torque máximo. Objetivo: Describir los cambios inducidos por una sesión de ejercicio excéntrico sobre el rendimiento muscular y DMAT. Método: se realizó un estudio cuasi-experimental, los participantes fueron veinte hombres sanos; edad media 21 DE 0,34, todos los sujetos realizaron 200 contracciones excéntricas del cuádriceps a 120°/s. Se evaluó el torque pico isométrico e isocinético, el trabajo muscular, el tiempo hasta el torque máximo, DMAT y la actividad de la creatina quinasa al inicio, 48 h y 96 h después del ejercicio, el rendimiento muscular se evaluó con un dinamómetro isocinético y DOMS con una escala análoga visual (EAV). Resultados: en relación con la línea de base, el torque pico isométrico e isocinético y el trabajo muscular disminuyeron en ~ 30 % a las 48 h post-ejercicio; El dolor muscular de aparición tardía aumentó ~300 %, que permaneció 96 h después del ejercicio. Conclusiones: los resultados reflejan que la disminución del rendimiento muscular se debe a los cambios en el torque pico y trabajo muscular, lo que tiene mayores implicaciones en la función muscular. No se detectaron cambios en el tiempo hasta el torque máximo. Las alteraciones en las variables de rendimiento muscular se acompañan de DMAT que también tiene un impacto negativo en la producción de fuerza (el 29 % de la caída en el torque máximo se explica por la intensidad del dolor).

6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(2): 212-218, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251095

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The thoracoscopic procedure for tricuspid valve (TV) diseases is a minimally invasive method of treatment. This study focuses on comparing the changes in postoperative inflammatory reaction and myocardial injury markers after thoracoscopic and sternotomy/thoracotomy TV procedures. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 88 patients (53 males, aged 50.9±16.2 years) with TV diseases (single-valve disease) (72 cases of TV plasty) between January 2018 and April 2019. A total of 56 patients underwent thoracoscopic procedure (50 cases of TV plasty). The leukocyte and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were monitored as indicators of systemic inflammatory reaction. The lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase, creatine kinase myocardial band, aspartate aminotransferase, and troponin-T levels were recorded as markers of myocardial injury. Results: The CRP and white blood cells levels of patients in the sternotomy approach group were continuously higher than those in patients in the thoracoscopic approach group. And the levels of myocardial enzymes in patients in the thoracoscopic approach group were significantly lower than those in patients in the sternotomy approach group. Conclusion: Compared with sternotomy/thoracotomy procedures on TV, the thoracoscopic procedure can reduce postoperative myocardial injury significantly and systemic inflammatory reaction to a certain extent. It is technically feasible, safe, effective, and worthy of widespread adoption in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Heart Valve Diseases/surgery , Tricuspid Valve/surgery , Thoracotomy/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Sternotomy/adverse effects , Inflammation/etiology
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(supl.1): 80-85, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287842

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The present study compares the cardiac parameters of the survivor and nonsurvivor patients with COVID-19 infection. METHODS: This study was conducted in 379 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 disease. Information of 21 nonsurvivor and 358 survivor patients with COVID-19 was obtained from the hospital information management system and analyzed retrospectively. Relationship between cardiac parameters in patients categorized into the mortal and immortal groups was investigated. RESULTS: Of the total 379 patients involved in this study, 155 (40.9%) were females and 224 (59.1%) were males. No statistically significant difference in mortality was found between females and males (p=0.249). The total median age was 70, the median age in the nonsurvivor group was 74 (35-89), and it was 69.5 (18-96) in the survivor group (p=0.249). The median values of high-sensitivity troponin (hs-Tn), creatine kinase MB form, and especially myoglobin in the survivor and nonsurvivor groups were 25/64.9 (p=0.028), 18/23 (p=0.02), and 105.5/322.4 (p<0.001), and the difference was statistically significant. Comparing mortality, while there was 1 (0.7%) nonsurvivor out of 134 patients in the service unit, there were 20 (8.2%) nonsurvivors out of 245 patients in the intensive care unit. This difference was statistically significant (p=0.003). The cutoff value of myoglobin, which may pose a risk of mortality, was found to be 191.4 µg/L, while it was 45.7 ng/l for hs-Tn and 60.1 U/L for creatine kinase MB. CONCLUSIONS: Advanced age and increased levels of high-sensitivity troponin, creatine kinase MB, and myoglobin were found to be associated with mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19 , Biomarkers , Retrospective Studies , Survivors , Creatine Kinase , SARS-CoV-2 , Middle Aged
8.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887264

ABSTRACT

A 61 year old woman who had been receiving treatment for ulcerative colitis for 14 years complained of respiratory discomfort on exertion and was diagnosed with severe mitral regurgitation due to mitral valve prolapse. Minimally invasive mitral valvuloplasty with right mini-thoracotomy was performed in our facility. Laboratory findings showed elevated levels of serum creatine kinase (CK) and CK-MB immediately after surgery. In addition to elevated levels of myocardial enzymes, ST depression was seen in an electrocardiogram on postoperative day 2 ; therefore, we suspected myocardial ischemia during the surgery. Despite the persistently elevated levels of myocardial enzymes, coronary angiography showed no significant abnormalities. Because of the possibility of false CK elevation, we performed CK electrophoresis, which revealed the presence of macro-CK type 1. CK-MB activity is often falsely elevated when determined by immune-inhibition in macro-CK patients, and that leads to the suspicion of myocardial ischemia. We considered that it may be highly difficult to identify macro-CK in a patient after cardiovascular surgery owing to elevated levels of myocardial enzymes in most such patients.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2004-2015, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888848

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been known as the second common leading cancer worldwide, as it responds poorly to both chemotherapy and medication. Triptolide (TP), a diterpenoid triepoxide, is a promising treatment agent for its effective anticancer effect on multiple cancers including HCC. However, its clinical application has been limited owing to its severe systemic toxicities, low solubility, and fast elimination in the body. Therefore, to overcome the above obstacles, photo-activatable liposomes (LP) integrated with both photosensitizer Ce6 and chemotherapeutic drug TP (TP/Ce6-LP) was designed in the pursuit of controlled drug release and synergetic photodynamic therapy in HCC therapy. The TP encapsulated in liposomes accumulated to the tumor site due to the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. Under laser irradiation, the photosensitizer Ce6 generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) and further oxidized the unsaturated phospholipids. In this way, the liposomes were destroyed to release TP. TP/Ce6-LP with NIR laser irradiation (TP/Ce6-LP+L) showed the best anti-tumor effect both

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908723

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of maternal peripheral blood fetal DNA, creatine kinase (CK), and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in pregnant women with placenta previa complicated with adhesion or implantation.Methods:From April 2018 to April 2019, 72 patients with placenta previa confirmed by cesarean section in Chengde Central Hospital were retrospectively collected. Among them, 23 patients complicated with placental adhesion were enrolled in the placenta adhesion group, 19 patients complicated with placenta implantation were in the placenta implantation group, and 30 patients with simple placenta previa were in the simple placenta previa group. The amount of fetal DNA, CK and AFP in maternal peripheral blood were measured at 20 to 27 weeks of gestation. The general data of the three groups, the amount of fetal DNA in maternal peripheral blood, CK and AFP were compared. The value of the amount of fetal DNA, CK, and AFP in maternal peripheral blood for predivting placenta previa were analyzed. At the same time, the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes was counted, and patients were divided into adverse pregnancy outcomes group and good pregnancy outcomes group according to pregnancy outcomes. The fetal DNA amount, CK and AFP levels in the maternal peripheral blood of the two were compared, and the factors affecting the adverse pregnancy outcome of placenta previa were analyzed.Results:The levels of fetal DNA, CK and AFP in the maternal peripheral blood of the placenta implantation group were significantly higher than those of the placenta adhesion group and the simple placenta previa group: (1 018.96 ± 442.15) copies/ml vs. (659.27 ± 320.26) copies/ml and (390.64 ± 102.53) copies/ml , (103.54 ± 26.39) U/L vs. (88.30 ± 20.65) U/L and (62.78 ± 15.84) U/L, (319.65 ± 62.14) μg/L vs. (284.62 ± 55.96) and (232.64 ± 48.62) μg/L, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). The amount of fetal DNA in maternal peripheral blood was positively correlated with CK and AFP ( r = 0.899 and 0.769, P<0.01), and CK was positively correlated with AFP ( r = 0.782, P<0.01). The AUC of maternal peripheral blood fetal DNA in predicting placenta previa complicated with placenta adhesion was 0.842, and the sensitivity and specificity were 78.26% and 83.33% respectively. The levels of fetal DNA, CK and AFP in maternal peripheral blood of patients with adverse pregnancy outcomes were higher than those of patients with good pregnancy outcomes: (928.64 ± 257.73) copies/ml vs. (460.02 ± 188.95) copies/ml, (105.83 ± 26.88) U/L vs. (66.33 ± 20.39) U/L and (292.52 ± 58.39) μg/L vs. (259.29 ± 42.65) μg/L, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Placenta adhesion, placenta implantation, postpartum hemorrhage, maternal peripheral blood fetal DNA, CK and AFP levels were influential factors for the adverse pregnancy outcome of placenta previa ( OR = 3.544, 4.183, 3.413, 3.222, 3.109 and 3.313, 95% CI 1.905 to 6.593, 2.401 to 7.286, 1.832 to 6.359, 1.729 to 6.005, 1.659 to 5.827 and 1.831 to 5.994, P<0.01). Conclusions:The amount of fetal DNA, CK and AFP in maternal peripheral blood have a certain predictive value in placenta previa complicated with placental adhesion or implantation, and are closely related to the pregnancy outcome of patients with placenta previa. Early detection of the above indicators will help clinically to formulate reasonable intervention measures and promote the improvement of pregnancy outcomes.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907717

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) in the early diagnosis of acute chest pain.Methods:A total of 96 patients with acute chest pain admitted to the Emergency Department of Hainan Hospital of PLA General Hospital from January to November 2020 were retrospectively collected. The sex, age, troponin T, creatine kinase, creatine kinase isoenzyme, GDF15 and B-type natriuretic peptide of patients within 30 min after admission were recorded, and the differences of each index in different groups were compared. ROC curve was drawn to evaluate the diagnostic value of GDF15 and TNT/BNP in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The Gensini score, left ventricular ejection fraction, length of stay in hospital and the number of stents were calculated, and the correlation between these indexes and GDF15 concentration was evaluated.Results:The general trend of acute chest pain was more male than female (72.92% vs. 27.08%) , the oldest group was the UA group (64.67 ± 13.87) years old , the youngest group was cardiac arrest group (47.29 ± 9.99) years old . There were higher rates of hypertension in the STEMI group, NSTEMI group and UA group, and none of the groups showed significant advantage in diabetes. The GDF15 concentration was higher in ACS related chest pain group [(2.360 ± 1.710) ng/mL vs. (1.380 ± 1.040) ng/mL, P<0.01]. The area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (AUC) of GDF15 combined with TNT was up to 0.863. GDF15 concentration was negatively correlated with ejection fraction, positively correlated with Gensini score, positively correlated with the number of stents implanted, and positively correlated with the length of hospital stay. Conclusions:GDF15 is valuable in the diagnosis and prognosis of acute chest pain. The combination of GDF15 and TNT can improve the diagnostic rate of ACS.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907716

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the early warning and prediction value of GDF15 for sudden death patients.Methods:From January to December 2018, 49 patients with sudden death who were treated in the Emergency Department of the First Clinical Center of PLA General Hospital were included in the case group, and 46 healthy physical examiners in the Physical Examination Center of the Hospital were randomly selected as the control group. The general situation, comparison of myocardial markers and analysis of the basic data of the case group were carried out, so as to evaluate the early warning value of each myocardial marker in sudden death.Results:Patients aged 40-49 years old accounted the highest proportion among sudden death cases, reaching 26.54%. Sudden death under 60 years old accounted for 59.19%, and the ratio of male to female was 3.83:1. There were significant differences between the case group and the control group in CK-MB [(41.35±98.38) vs. (3.13±2.17), P=0.009], CK [(2652.82±6845.66) vs. (102.73±47.93), P=0.012], and GDF15 [(549.80±809.79) vs. (115.70±167.42), P=0.001]. At the same time, the AUC value of GDF15 was 0.816, which has the highest diagnostic value for sudden death. And CK-MB, CK and GDF15 had no correlation with age. Conclusions:GDF15, as a biological marker, has a good early warning function in sudden death.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930785

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the etiology, laboratory examinations and clinical features of rhabdomyolysis(RM)in children.Methods:The clinical data of children with RM admitted to the pediatric general ward at Third Hospital of Peking University from January 1st, 2010 to March 31st, 2021 were collected.The clinical characteristics, etiology distribution, laboratory examinations, treatments and prognosis of the children were analyzed.Results:A total of 24 children were included with 16 males and 8 females.The age ranged from 4 to 15 years old, with median age was 13years old.The etiology was exertional diseases in 14 cases(58.3%), non-exertional diseases in ten cases (41.7%, 7 cases of infection and 3 cases of other causes). The average age of exertional RM was(13.50±1.83)years, and that of non-exertional RM was(8.60±3.72)years.There was significant difference( t=3.848, P=0.002). The main clinical symptoms were muscle soreness, abnormal urine color and muscle weakness.Serum creatine kinase(CK)and serum myoglobin were significantly increased.The proportion of CK value moderate to severe increased of exercise RM children was significantly higher than that of non-exertional RM children( P=0.009). All children were treated with hydration and alkalization.Except for one case who died of critical primary disease, the other 23 children had good treatment response, and no rhabdomyolysis was found during the follow-up. Conclusion:The main causes of rhabdomyolysis in children are exercise and infection.Exertional RM is common in elder children.The increasing of CK level caused by exertional RM is more obvious.Active hydration and alkalization measures could avoid the occurrence of acute kidney injury.Most children with RM have good prognosis.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3553-3566, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922424

ABSTRACT

Rescuing cells from stress damage emerges a potential therapeutic strategy to combat myocardial infarction. Protocatechuic aldehyde (PCA) is a major phenolic acid in Chinese herb Danshen (

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1519-1522,1527, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of HEART score combined with three bedside tests of myocardial infarction in the diagnosis of emergency chest pain patients.Methods:310 patients with emergency chest pain treated in Langfang People's Hospital from January 2018 to December 2018 were retrospectively selected. The HEART score was evaluated at admission, and the levels of serum creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), myoglobin (Myo) and troponin I (cTnI) were detected.Results:Among 310 patients, 232 cases were diagnosed as cardiogenic chest pain, 78 cases were non cardiogenic chest pain; In cardiogenic chest pain, 151 cases were acute coronary syndrome and 81 cases were stable angina pectoris; The HEART score, CK-MB, Myo and cTnI in patients with cardiogenic chest pain were (5.00±1.01)points, (14.45±3.11)ng/ml, (60.20±11.34)ng/ml and (2.30±0.89)ng/ml, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in patients with non cardiogenic chest pain ( P<0.05); The HEART score, CK-MB, myo and cTnI in patients with acute coronary syndrome were (5.83±1.12), (16.02±2.88)ng/ml, (64.49±12.01)ng/ml and (2.54±0.91)ng/ml, which were significantly higher than those in patients with stable angina pectoris ( P<0.05); The area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of HEART score combined with myocardial infarction in the diagnosis of cardiogenic chest pain was 0.811 ( P<0.05), which was higher than single diagnosis of other indexes; the sensitivity and specificity were 85.28% and 82.50% respectively; The area under ROC curve of HEART score combined with myocardial infarction in the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome was 0.901 ( P<0.05), which was higher than single diagnosis of other indexes; the sensitivity and specificity were 90.00% and 85.00% respectively; The HEART score of patients with acute coronary death was (6.88±1.02), which was significantly higher than that of patients with survival ( P<0.05); The area under ROC curve predicted by HEART score was 0.674 ( P<0.05). When the cut-off value was 6, the sensitivity and specificity were 78.00% and 70.00%, respectively; the CK-MB, Myo and cTnI increased with the risk of cardiogenic chest pain ( P<0.05). Conclusions:HEART score combined with three bedside tests of myocardial infarction has a good application value in the emergency chest pain, which is worthy of clinical use.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909213

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Danhong injection combined with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) on cardiac function, myocardial zymogram and lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) level in older adult patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods:Eighty older adult patients with acute myocardial infarction who received treatment in Community-based General Hospital of Shaoxing Central Hospital, China between January 2017 and December 2019 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive either intravenous thrombolysis with rt-PA (control group, n = 40) or Danhong injection combined with intravenous thrombolysis with rt-PA (observation group, n = 40). The changes in traditional Chinese medicine syndrome score, left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular end diastolic diameter, creatine kinase, creatine kinase-MB and lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 level as well as adverse cardiovascular events were compared between the control and observation groups. Results:After treatment, the score of chest tightness, dark purple tongue, palpitation and shortness of breath in the two groups were decreased. After treatment, the score of chest tightness, dark purple tongue, palpitation and shortness of breath in the observation group was (2.13 ± 0.31) points, (1.98 ± 0.41) points, (1.77 ± 0.29) points, respectively, which was significantly lower than that in the control group [(2.98 ± 0.37) points, (2.52 ± 0.56) points, (2.13 ± 0.32) points, t = 11.137, 4.920, 5.272, all P < 0.001]. After treatment, left ventricular end diastolic diameter in each group was decreased compared with before treatment. After treatment, left ventricular end diastolic diameter in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(46.12 ± 4.11) mm vs. (49.74 ± 4.32) mm], and left ventricular ejection fraction in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(47.02 ± 3.55) % vs. (43.25 ± 4.10) %, t = 3.839, 4.396, both P < 0.001). After treatment, Lp-PLA2, creatine kinase, creatine kinase-MB levels in each group were decreased compared with before treatment. After treatment, Lp-PLA2, creatine kinase, creatine kinase-MB levels in the observation group were (171.02 ± 12.52) μg /L, (10.52 ± 2.11) U/L, (24.12 ± 3.52) U/L), respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(189.63 ± 11.98) μg/L, (14.71 ± 2.62) U/L, (32.79 ± 4.79) U/L), t = 6.792, 7.877, 9.224, all P < 0.001]. The incidence of adverse cardiovascular events in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (5.00% vs. 22.50%, χ2 = 5.165, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Danhong injection combined with intravenous rt-PA for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction in older adult patients can greatly decrease traditional Chinese medicine syndrome score, improve cardiac function, regulate myocardial zymogram and Lp-PLA2 levels, and decrease the incidence of adverse cardiovascular events.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effects of levosimendan combined with lyophilized recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide (rhBNP) on myocardium in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by heart failure.Methods:140 patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by heart failure who received treatment in Changxing People's Hospital from June 2018 to June 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive either routine treatment (control group, n = 70) or routine treatment, levosimendan combined with rhBNP (study group, n = 70). Serum levels of creatine kinase (CK)-MB, cardiac troponin I (cTnI), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), which were associated with myocardial injury, were measured in each group. In addition, the changes in cardiac ultrasound indexes left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESD) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were observed. Clinical effects on heart failure were evaluated. Adverse drug reactions were monitored during the treatment. Results:After treatment, CK-MB, cTnI, LDH and hs-CRP levels in the study group were (56.73 ± 12.15) U/L, (0.41 ± 0.19) μg/L, (126.83 ± 15.26) U/L and (1.59 ± 0.27) mg/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(78.52 ± 14.07) U/L, (0.68 ± 0.21) μg/L, (187.25 ± 23.04) U/L, (2.84 ± 0.41) mg/L, t = 5.569-12.418, all P < 0.05]. LVEDD and LVESD in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group, while LVEF in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( t = 4.435-6.426, all P < 0.05). Total effective rate in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group [88.57% (62/70) vs. 72.86% (51/70), χ2 = 5.552, P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in total incidence of adverse drug reactions between study and control groups [11.43% (8/70) vs. 8.57% (6/70), χ2 = 0.317, P > 0.05]. Conclusion:Levosimendan combined with rhBNP can effectively alleviate myocardial injury in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by heart failure, improve myocardial function, is highly safe, and thereby deserves clinical application.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909145

ABSTRACT

Objective:To correlate creatine kinase (CK) and creatine kinase- isoenzyme MB (CK-MB) with different states of bipolar disorder in patients.Methods:A total of 206 patients with bipolar disorder who received treatment in The 7 th People's Hospital of Wenzhou, China between January 2018 and June 2019 were included in the patient group. A total of 369 healthy controls who concurrently received physical examination were included in the control group. CK and CK-MB levels were detected in all participants. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD)-7 scale, the Bech-Rafaelsen Melancholy Scale (BRMS), and modified version of the Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS) were used to evaluate the mental symptoms, depression, mania and aggression of patients. The CK and CK-MB levels were compared between patients with different states of bipolar disorder. Results:In the control group, CK and CK-MB levels in males were 112.5 (94.5, 156.5) U/L and 17.0 (15.0, 20.0) U/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in females [73.0 (61.0, 86.3) U/L, 15.0 (13.0, 18.0) U/L, Z = -9.732, -3.535, both P < 0.001). In the patient group, CK and CK-MB levels in males were 129.0 (80.0, 233.5) U/L, 12.0 (10.0, 17.0) U/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in females [73.0 (55.0, 94.0) U/L, 13.5 (11.0, 17.0) U/L, Z = -9.510, -4.746, both P < 0.001]. There was no significant difference in CK level in males between the control and patient groups ( Z = -1.003, P = 0.316), but significant difference in CK-MB level in males was observed between the two groups ( Z = -6.570, P < 0.001). There were significant differences in CK and CK-MB levels in females between the control and patient groups ( Z = -2.535, -9.707, P = 0.011, P < 0.001). In the patient group, CK level in the manic, depressive, and symptom-alleviated states was 132.0 (78.0, 297.0) U/L, 85.0 (56.0, 145.0) U/L, 128.0 (110.0, 165.0) U/L respectively in males, and it was 73.0 (49.0, 122.3) U/L, 51.0 (45.0, 67.0) U/L and 84.5 (61.0, 193.0) U/L, respectively in females. There was significant difference in CK level in males and females between different states of bipolar disorder ( χ2 = 9.019, 16.720, P = 0.011, P < 0.001). In males, CK level was correlated with the BPRS total score, BRMS total score, and MOAS total score in the manic state, as well as the BPRS total score in the symptom-alleviated state ( r = 0.282, 0.286, 0.236, 0.574). In females, CK level was correlated with the MOAS total score in the manic state ( r = 0.260). In males, CK-MB level was correlated with the BRMS total score in the manic and depressive states ( r = 0.186 and 0.496). In females, CK-MB level was correlated with the MOAS total score and the BRMS total score in the manic state ( r = 0.155, 0.572). Conclusion:CK and CK-MB levels are correlated with bipolar disorder in different states and they are of certain clinical significance and provide innovative insights into the diagnosis of bipolar disorder.

19.
J Pharm Biomed Sci ; 2020 Jun; 10(6): 119-128
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215721

ABSTRACT

Background Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked inherited neuromuscular disorder due tomutations in the dystrophin gene. Animal models that accurately reflect pathological conditions and diseasecharacteristics are key factors in the discovery and development of new anti-DMD drugs.Aim Here, we evaluated motor behavior, pathological and biochemical characters of a new DMD mouse modelbuilt up by the Nanjing Biomedical Research Institute of Nanjing University (NBRI).Methods The pole test and open-field test were used to assess the movement disorders in DMD mouse model.The gastrocnemius (GAS), biceps, triceps, soleus, and tibialis anterior muscles of mice were subjected to weight analysis to evaluate the skeletal muscle pseudohypertrophy. Meanwhile, immunofluorescence andWestern blotting were used to detect the expression of dystrophin in the GAS. Serum levels of creatine kinase(CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) that accurately reflect muscle damage were detected. Masson stainingwas used to evaluate the fibrosis of GAS and diaphragm (DIA).Results The novel DMD mouse showed significant behavioral disorders and exhibited high serum levels of CKand LDH. Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining showed decreased significantly with dystrophinlevel in the GAS. Besides, the mdx mouse of DMD developed fibrosis in both GAS and DIA.Conclusion Taken together, our results indicated that the behavioral, biochemical and pathologicalcharacterization of the mdx mouse model is similar to human DMD. This mdx mouse model may provideinsights into the pathophysiology of DMD and the effects of anti-DMD drugs.

20.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 22: e70607, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137233

ABSTRACT

Abstract Intense physical activity can increase oxidative stress and muscle damage in, causing fatigue and injury. Graduated compression stockings (GCS) can decrease these deleterious effects. The aim was to determine the acute effects of GCS on muscle damage and oxidative stress (OS) in garbage collectors. Thirteen garbage collectors, 25.4±5.2 years, participated using GCS or placebo stockings. Blood samples were collected at pre and post a working day and after 16 hours of rest. Markers of OS and muscle damage were evaluated. Two-way ANOVA (two conditions and two moments) was used for the analysis of the outcomes No significant differences were found for creatine kinase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase between the time and groups. There was a significant difference for the total thiol content and superoxide dismutase only in the control group (pre and post, p = 0.004). The use of GCS exerted acute protection against the increase of markers of OS, but did not contribute to attenuate muscle damage.


Resumo Atividade física intensa pode aumentar o estresse oxidativo e danos musculares, causando fadiga e lesões. As meias de compressão graduada (MCG) podem diminuir esses efeitos deletérios. O objetivo foi determinar os efeitos agudos da MCG no dano muscular e estresse oxidativo (EO) em coletores de lixo. Treze coletores de lixo, 25,4 ± 5,2 anos, participaram usando MCG ou placebo. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas antes e após um dia útil e após 16 horas de descanso. Marcadores de EO e dano muscular foram avaliados. ANOVA de duas vias (duas condições e dois momentos) foi usada para á análise dos resultados. Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas para creatina quinase, catalase e glutationa peroxidase entre o tempo e os grupos. Houve uma diferença significativa para o conteúdo total tiólico e superóxido dismutase apenas no grupo controle (pré e pós, p = 0,004). O uso de MCG exerceu proteção aguda contra o aumento de marcadores de EO, mas não contribuiu para atenuar danos musculares

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