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1.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 76(1): e20210729, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1407476

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze handgrip strength as a predictor of the inability to drive in older adults. Method: a cross-sectional study conducted in traffic clinics with 421 older adults in Curitiba-Paraná from January 2015 to December 2018. A sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire, handgrip strength test, and queries from the National Registry of Qualified Drivers form were applied. Results: Reduced handgrip strength was not a predictor of inaptitude for vehicular driving (p=0.649). The predictors of inaptitude were: low education (p=0.011), incomplete elementary education (p=0.027), and cognition (p=0.020). Conclusion: reduced handgrip strength was not shown to predict for loss of driving skills in older adults. Low education level and reduced cognition level are conditions that were shown to be predictors for loss of vehicular driving license.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la fuerza de prensión manual como factor predictivo de inaptitud para la conducción vehicular de adultos mayores. Método: se trata de un estudio transversal llevado a cabo en clínicas de tránsito de Curitiba, Paraná, entre 421 adultos mayores, de enero de 2015 a diciembre de 2018. Se aplicaron los cuestionarios sociodemográfico y clínico, la prueba de fuerza de prensión manual y se consultó el formulario del Registro Nacional de Conductores Habilitados. Resultados: la fuerza de prensión manual reducida no fue un factor predictivo de la incapacidad para conducir (p=0,649). Los predictores de inaptitud fueron: baja educación (p=0,011), estudios primarios incompletos (p=0,027) y cognición (p=0,020). Conclusión: la fuerza de prensión manual reducida no demostró ser predictora de la pérdida de habilidades de conducción vehicular en adultos mayores. El nivel de escolaridad bajo y el nivel cognitivo reducido despuntaron como predictores de la pérdida de habilitación en la conducción vehicular.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a força de preensão manual como preditora de inaptidão para condução veicular de idosos. Método: estudo transversal realizado em clínicas de trânsito com 421 idosos em Curitiba-Paraná de janeiro de 2015 a dezembro de 2018. Aplicaram-se questionários sociodemográfico e clínico, teste de força preensão manual e consultas ao formulário de Registro Nacional de Condutores Habilitados. Resultados: A força de preensão manual reduzida não se mostrou preditora de inaptidão para a direção veicular (p=0,649). Os preditores de inaptidão foram: baixa escolaridade (p=0,011), ensino primário incompleto (p=0,027) e cognição (p=0,020). Conclusão: a força de preensão manual reduzida não se mostrou preditora para perda da habilitação na condução veicular de idosos. O baixo nível de escolaridade, o nível de cognição reduzida, são condições que se mostraram preditoras para a perda da habilitação na condução veicular.

2.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 76(1): e20220315, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1407480

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to map Brazilian undergraduate nursing students' critical thinking level and investigate the correlation between selected sociodemographic data and critical thinking domains. Methods: in this descriptive cross-sectional study, participants' (N=89) critical thinking was assessed using the Health Science Reasoning Test. Correlation between critical thinking domains and sociodemographic data was assessed using the Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: the overall results showed a moderate level of participants' critical thinking (mean = 70.7; standard deviation 5.7). A poor performance was identified in 5 of the 8 critical thinking domains. A significant positive correlation was found between education period and critical thinking (p<.001). Conclusions: poor level in students critical thinking domains may lead to negative consequences for their learning outcomes. Further studies should be carried out to confirm our results, in addition to investigation of teaching methods that encourage and ensure the development of students' critical thinking skills during nursing education.


RESUMO Objetivos: mapear o nível de pensamento crítico de estudantes brasileiros de graduação em enfermagem e investigar a correlação entre os dados sociodemográficos selecionados e os domínios do pensamento crítico. Métodos: neste estudo transversal descritivo, o pensamento crítico dos participantes (N=89) foi avaliado por meio do Health Science Reasoning Test. A correlação entre os domínios do pensamento crítico e os dados sociodemográficos foi avaliada pelo coeficiente de correlação de Pearson. Resultados: os resultados gerais mostraram um nível moderado de pensamento crítico dos participantes (média=70,7; desvio padrão 5,7). Foi identificado um desempenho ruim em 5 dos 8 domínios do pensamento crítico. Foi encontrada correlação positiva significativa entre escolaridade e o pensamento crítico (p<0,001). Conclusões: baixos níveis nos domínios de pensamento crítico em estudantes podem levar a consequências negativas para seus resultados de aprendizagem. Novos estudos devem ser realizados para confirmar nossos resultados, além da investigação de métodos de ensino que incentivem e garantam o desenvolvimento das habilidades de pensamento crítico dos estudantes durante a formação em enfermagem.


RESUMEN Objetivos: mapear el nivel de pensamiento crítico de los estudiantes brasileños de pregrado en enfermería e investigar la correlación entre los datos sociodemográficos seleccionados y los dominios del pensamiento crítico. Métodos: en este estudio transversal descriptivo, el pensamiento crítico de los participantes (N=89) fue evaluada mediante el Health Science Reasoning Test. La correlación entre los dominios de pensamiento crítico y los datos sociodemográficos se evaluó mediante el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson. Resultados: los resultados generales mostraron un nivel moderado de pensamiento crítico de los participantes (media=70,7; desviación estándar 5,7). Se identificó un desempeño deficiente en 5 de los 8 dominios del pensamiento crítico. Se encontró una correlación positiva significativa entre educación y pensamiento crítico (p<0,001). Conclusiones: los bajos niveles de los dominios del pensamiento crítico en los estudiantes pueden tener consecuencias negativas para sus resultados de aprendizaje. Se deben realizar más estudios para confirmar nuestros resultados, además de la investigación de métodos de enseñanza que fomenten y aseguren el desarrollo de habilidades de pensamiento crítico de los estudiantes durante su formación en enfermería.

3.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387518

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the prevalence and factors associated with suicide risk among high school students from a federal educational institution in Rio Grande do Sul (IFRS). Methods: This is a cross-sectional study based on a census of students (n=510) enrolled in IFRS, campus Rio Grande, in the second half of 2019. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. Suicide risk was measured with the instrument Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and data were analyzed using Poisson regression with robust variance adjustment. Results: The prevalence of high suicide risk was 17.3% (95% confidence interval — 95%CI 14.0-20.0), with the following independent associated factors: female gender, higher socioeconomic status, alcohol consumption, less social support, attempt to lose weight, self-harm behavior, and increased risk of depression, anxiety, and stress. Conclusions: One in six students showed a high suicide risk. The identification of factors associated with the outcome is useful for detecting the most severe cases and referring them to specialized care.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a prevalência e os fatores associados ao risco de suicídio em estudantes do ensino médio de uma instituição federal de ensino do Rio Grande do Sul (IFRS). Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado com base em um censo de estudantes (n=510) matriculados no IFRS, Campus Rio Grande, no segundo semestre de 2019. Os dados foram coletados por meio de questionário autoaplicável. O risco de suicídio foi medido com o instrumento Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview e a análise dos dados foi conduzida por meio de regressão de Poisson com ajuste robusto da variância. Resultados: A prevalência do risco alto de suicídio foi de 17,3% (intervalo de confiança — IC95% 14,0-20,0), tendo como fatores independentemente associados: sexo feminino, maior nível socioeconômico, consumo de álcool, menor suporte social, tentativa de perder peso, comportamento autolesivo e maior risco de depressão, ansiedade e estresse. Conclusões: Um em cada seis estudantes apresentou elevado risco de suicídio. A identificação dos fatores associados ao desfecho é útil para identificar os casos mais graves e encaminhá-los para atendimento especializado.

4.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 30: e63381, jan. -dez. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393338

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: discutir a ocorrência de contato pele a pele ao nascer e a amamentação na primeira hora de vida, bem como sua associação com a prevalência de aleitamento exclusivo na alta hospitalar. Método: estudo transversal, realizado com 157 puérperas e 160 recém-nascidos de uma maternidade pública do Rio de Janeiro. Os dados foram coletados de julho de 2020 a janeiro de 2021, por meio de questionário estruturado, com dados analisados pela estatística descritiva e regressão de Poisson com variância robusta. Resultados: dos recém-nascidos, 93,13% realizaram contato pele a pele e, destes, 74,67% permaneceram nesse contato por, no máximo, 10 minutos; 69,38% foram amamentados na primeira hora de vida, sendo esta prática significativamente associada (p=0,17) ao aleitamento exclusivo na alta hospitalar. Conclusão: os resultados encontrados reforçam a efetividade das recomendações das diretrizes nacionais e evidenciam a necessidade da manutenção das boas práticas de cuidado, importante compromisso com a qualidade assistencial materna e neonatal.


Objective: to discuss the occurrence of skin-to-skin contact at birth and breastfeeding in the first hour of life, as well as their association with the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding at hospital discharge. Method: this cross-sectional study was conducted with 157 postpartum women and 160 newborns from a public maternity hospital in Rio de Janeiro. Data were collected from July 2020 to January 2021, through a structured questionnaire, and analyzed by descriptive statistics and Poisson regression with robust variance. Results: 93.13% of the newborns enjoyed skin-to-skin contact, which lasted a maximum of 10 minutes in 74.67% of cases; 69.38% were breastfed in the first hour of life, and this was significantly associated (p = 0.17) with exclusive breastfeeding at hospital discharge, which was 83.75% prevalent. Conclusion: the findings underline the effectiveness of the recommendations of Brazil's national guidelines and evidence the need to maintain good care practices, in an important commitment to quality maternal and neonatal care.


Objetivo: discutir la ocurrencia del contacto piel a piel al nacer y la lactancia materna en la primera hora de vida, así como su asociación con la prevalencia de lactancia materna exclusiva al alta hospitalaria. Método: Estudio transversal realizado junto a 157 puérperas y 160 recién nacidos de una maternidad pública de Río de Janeiro. Los datos fueron recolectados de julio de 2020 a enero de 2021, a través de un cuestionario estructurado, y analizados por estadística descriptiva y regresión de Poisson con varianza robusta. Resultados: el 93,13% de los recién nacidos tuvo contacto piel a piel y, entre estos, el 74,67% permaneció en ese contacto durante, como máximo, 10 minutos; el 69,38% fue amamantado en la primera hora de vida, y esta práctica se asoció significativamente (p=0,17) con la lactancia materna exclusiva en el alta hospitalaria. Conclusión: Los resultados encontrados refuerzan la efectividad de las recomendaciones de las guías nacionales y ponen en evidencia la necesidad de mantener buenas prácticas asistenciales, compromiso importante con la calidad de la atención materna y neonatal.

5.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(5): 440-445, Set.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376656

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Futsal players must master dribbling in attack and defense positions for a more significant competitive advantage. Optimizing technical control can positively influence decision-making. However, the literature lacks comparative analyses focused on the coverage distance of this technique in sports finals and semifinals. Objective: Analyze the coverage distance of dribbling by futsal players, comparing semifinals and finals results in the Indonesian Futsal League 2021. Methods: A cross-sectional research design method is used in this research. The samples consisted of four games (two semifinal games and two final games) played by four teams (40 players). Movie Maker software was used to cut videos on each dribbling movement, and Kinovea software analyzed dribbling distance. Dribbling-distance differences between the first and second halves of the games were calculated using Wilcoxon's test. Results: The results show no statistically significant difference in dribbling distances between the first and second halves of the semifinals and finals (p = 0.402 for the semifinals dan p = 0.090 for the finals). Regarding the team analysis, most of the dribbling distances covered in the first and second halves of the semifinals and finals by players from each team were not statistically different, except those covered by Team BTS players in the finals. In all, there were 712 dribbling occurrences in the semifinals and finals, covering 5621.98 meters. The average dribbling distance was 7.90 meters and SD 4.41. Conclusions: The dribbling-distance coverage in the semifinals and finals of the Indonesian Futsal League 2021 was an average of 7.90 meters; no statistically significant difference was found between the finals and semifinals results.Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução: Para maior vantagem competitiva, os jogadores de futsal devem dominar os dribles nas posições de ataque e defesa. A otimização do domínio técnico pode influenciar positivamente a tomada de decisões. Porém, a literatura carece de análises comparativas focadas na distância de cobertura dessa técnica em finais e semifinais esportivas. Objetivo: Analisar a distância de cobertura do drible por jogadores de futsal comparando o resultado das semifinais e finais da Liga Indonésia de Futsal 2021. Métodos: A pesquisa utilizou método de desenho de pesquisa transversal. As amostras consistiam em quatro jogos (dois jogos semifinais e dois jogos finais) disputados por quatro equipes (40 jogadores). O software Movie Maker foi usado para cortar vídeos em cada movimento de drible, e o software Kinovea foi usado para analisar a distância de drible. As diferenças na distância de drible entre a primeira e a segunda metades dos jogos foram calculadas usando o teste de Wilcoxon. Resultados: Os resultados mostram que não foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significativa nas distâncias de drible entre a primeira e a segunda metades das semifinais e finais (p = 0,402 para as semifinais dan p = 0,090 para as finais). Em relação à análise da equipe, a maioria das distâncias de drible cobertas na primeira e segunda metades das semifinais e finais pelos jogadores de cada equipe não foram estatisticamente diferentes, exceto aquelas cobertas pelos jogadores do Time BTS nas finais. Ao todo, foram 712 ocorrências de dribles nas semifinais e finais, cobrindo 5621,98 metros. A média de drible percorrido foi de 7,90 metros (±4,41). Conclusões: A média de distância da cobertura do drible nas semifinais e finais da Liga Indonésia de Futsal 2021 foi de 7,90 metros, não foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o resultado das finais e semi-finais. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción: Para obtener una mayor ventaja competitiva, los jugadores de fútbol de salón deben dominar el regateo en posiciones de ataque y defensa. La optimización del dominio técnico puede influir positivamente en la toma de decisiones. Sin embargo, la literatura carece de análisis comparativos centrados en la distancia de cobertura de esta técnica en las finales y semifinales deportivas. Objetivo: Analizar la distancia de cobertura del regateo por los jugadores de fútbol de salón comparando el resultado de las semifinales y finales de la Liga Indonesia de Futsal 2021. Métodos: La investigación utilizó el método de diseño de investigación transversal. Las muestras consistieron en cuatro partidos (dos semifinales y dos finales) disputados por cuatro equipos (40 jugadores). Se utilizó el software Movie Maker para cortar los vídeos de cada movimiento de regateo y el software Kinovea para analizar la distancia de regateo. Las diferencias en la distancia de regateo entre la primera y la segunda parte de los partidos se calcularon mediante la prueba de Wilcoxon. Resultados: Los resultados muestran que no se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las distancias de regateo entre el primer y el segundo tiempo de las semifinales y las finales (p = 0,402 para las semifinales dan p = 0,090 para las finales). En cuanto al análisis por equipos, la mayoría de las distancias de regateo cubiertas en el primer y segundo tiempo de las semifinales y las finales por los jugadores de cada equipo no fueron estadísticamente diferentes, excepto las cubiertas por los jugadores del equipo BTS en las finales. En total, se produjeron 712 regateos en las semifinales y en la final, cubriendo 5621,98 metros. La distancia media regateada fue de 7,90 metros (±4,41). Conclusiones: La distancia media de cobertura del regateo en las semifinales y en la final de la Liga de Futsal de Indonesia 2021 fue de 7,90 metros y no se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los resultados de las finales y de las semifinales. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

6.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(5): 484-489, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405476

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The proportion of children with complex chronic conditions is increasing in PICUs around the world. We determined the prevalence and functional status of children with complex chronic conditions in Brazilian PICUs during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods The authors conducted a point prevalence cross-sectional study among fifteen Brazilian PICUs during the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors enrolled all children admitted to the participating PICUs with complex chronic conditions on three different days, four weeks apart, starting on April 4th, 2020. The authors recorded the patient's characteristics and functional status at admission and discharge days. Results During the 3 study days from March to June 2020, the authors enrolled 248 patients admitted to the 15 PICUs; 148 had CCC (prevalence of 59.7%). Patients had a median of 1 acute diagnosis and 2 chronic diagnoses. The use of resources/devices was extensive. The main mode of respiratory support was conventional mechanical ventilation. Most patients had a peripherally inserted central catheter (63.1%), followed by a central venous line (52.5%), and 33.3% had gastrostomy or/and tracheostomy. The functional status score was significantly better at discharge compared to admission day due to the respiratory status improvement. Conclusions The prevalence of children with CCC admitted to the Brazilian PICUs represented 59.7% of patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. The functional status of these children improved during hospitalization, mainly due to the respiratory component.

7.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 72(2): 84-92, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1381411

ABSTRACT

Healthy eating habits are related to a lower prevalence of chronic diseases. Objective: Verify the relationship between eating behaviors and self-perceived health (SPH) in young, middle-aged, and older adults. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study with 52166 Brazilian adults aged 18 years and over. The dependent variable was positive SPH, whereas the independent variable was the eating behavior (exchanging lunch for snacks; exchanging dinner for snacks; intake of beans, ultra-processed food the previous day, fruits, vegetables, and processed juices/soft drinks). Poisson regression with robust adjustment for variance was used in the data analysis. Results: The relationship between eating behaviors and SPH was similar between genders. However, a more evident relationship was observed among young adults, regarding the age group. The consumption of fruits and vegetables was most clearly associated with SPH among the investigated behaviors. Furthermore, the higher the number of positive eating behaviors, the higher the prevalence of positive SPH in both genders and all age groups. Conclusion: The findings of this study reinforce the importance of healthy eating behaviors for health and indicate a more direct relationship between these and positive SPH in young adults and as a habit of regularly consuming fruits and vegetables(AU)


Los hábitos alimentarios positivos se relacionan con una menor prevalencia de enfermedades crónicas. Objetivo: Verificar la relación entre las conductas alimentarias y la salud auto percibida (SA) en adultos jóvenes, de mediana edad y ancianos. Materiales y métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal con 52166 adultos de 18 años o más en Brasil. La variable dependiente fue la SA positiva, mientras que la variable independiente fue la conducta alimentaria (cambio de almuerzo por refrigerio; cambio de cena por un refrigerio, consumo de frijoles, comida ultra procesada, fruta, verdura y zumos/refrescos artificiales el día anterior a la entrevista). En el análisis de datos, se utilizó la regresión de Poisson con ajuste robusto para la varianza. Resultados: La relación entre las conductas alimentarias y la SA fue similar entre los géneros, pero en relación al grupo de edad, se observó una relación más evidente en adultos jóvenes. De los comportamientos investigados, el consumo de frutas y verduras fueron los que se asociaron más claramente con la SA. Cuanto mayor es el número de conductas alimentarias positivas, mayor es la prevalencia de SA positiva, en ambos sexos y en todos los grupos de edad. Conclusión: Los hallazgos de este estudio refuerzan la importancia de un comportamiento alimentario saludable para la mejorar y mantener la salud e indican que, aparentemente, existe una relación más explícita entre éste y la SA positiva en adultos jóvenes, al igual que con el hábito de consumir frutas y verduras con frecuencia(AU)


Subject(s)
Self Concept , Feeding Behavior , Life Style , Vegetables , Diet, Healthy , Fruit
8.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 71(2): 92-99, abr.-jun. 2022. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386073

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Caracterizar o atendimento pré-hospitalar às vítimas de tentativa de suicídio. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com dados de atendimento pré-hospitalar realizado pelo Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência (SAMU), em Teresina, Piauí, no período de julho/2015 a dezembro/2018. Foram realizadas análise descritiva com o teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson ou teste exato de Fisher e análise da densidade das tentativas de suicídio pela estimativa de Kernel. RESULTADOS: Os atendimentos às tentativas de suicídio predominaram em mulheres (60,9%), adultos de 20 a 29 anos (28,4%), residentes na Região Centro/Norte (35,9%), aos domingos (16,5%) e nos turnos da tarde (32,9%) e noite (34,9%). Foram relatados reincidências de tentativas (9,2%), histórico de atendimento psiquiátrico (14,1%), uso abusivo de álcool (17,5%) e outras drogas (4,6%). O atendimento em ambulâncias de suporte avançado e maior mortalidade antes do socorro foram mais frequentes em vítimas do sexo masculino (40,8% e 5,8%, respectivamente). A Zona Centro/Norte da cidade concentrou as ocorrências para ambos os sexos. CONCLUSÃO: Os atendimentos pré-hospitalares às tentativas de suicídio em Teresina demonstraram grande demanda por vítimas do sexo feminino e jovens e maior densidade de ocorrência na Zona Centro/Norte da cidade. O uso de bebida alcoólica, os meios de autolesão mais letais e a mortalidade foram associados ao sexo masculino. Faz-se necessário divulgar essas informações, capacitar os profissionais sobre a prevenção e abordagem às tentativas de suicídio, além de promover políticas públicas capazes de reduzir as tentativas de suicídio.


OBJECTIVE: To characterize pre-hospital care for victims of attempted suicide. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with pre-hospital care data conducted by the Mobile Emergency Care Service (SAMU), in Teresina, Piauí, from July/2015 to December/2018. Descriptive analysis was performed using Pearson's chi-square test or Fisher's exact test and analysis of the density of suicide attempts using the Kernel estimate. RESULTS: Attendance to suicide attempts predominated in women (60,9%), adults aged 30 to 59 years (46,8%), residing in the Center/North Region (35,9%), on Sundays (16,5%), in the afternoon (32,9%) and night (34,9%) shifts. Recurrence of attempts (9,2%), history of psychiatric care (14,1%), alcohol abuse (17,5%) and other drugs (4,6%) were reported. The attendance in ambulances of advanced support and higher mortality before the rescue were more frequent in male victims (40,8% and 5,8%, respectively). The Center/North zone of the city concentrated the occurrences for both sexes. CONCLUSION: Pre-hospital care for suicide attempts in Teresina showed great demand for female victims, young people and a higher density of occurrence in the Center/North zone of the city. Alcohol use, more lethal means of self-harm and mortality were associated with males. It is necessary to disseminate this information and train professionals on the prevention and approach to suicide attempts, in addition to promoting public policies capable of reducing suicide attempts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Suicide, Attempted/psychology , Suicide, Attempted/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data , Chi-Square Distribution , Sex Factors , Health Information Systems , Mental Disorders
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(5): 2045-2055, maio 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374965

ABSTRACT

Abstract Food insecurity is a source of daily stress, especially in women. The aim was to investigate the association between mental distress and food insecurity in pregnant women. Cross-sectional study with pregnant women from the public health service, regardless risk stratification, or gestational trimester in Colombo-PR, Brazil. Poisson regression models were progressively adjusted for exposure variables. Results: Among the participating pregnant women (N=513) the prevalence of mental distress was 50.1%; associated with mild food insecurity (PR 1.34, 95%CI 1.12; 1.61) and moderate/severe food insecurity (PR 1.70, 95%CI 1.33; 2.19). The variable that most changed the association between the outcome and mild food insecurity was income (-4.48%) and, for moderate/severe food insecurity, education (-7.60%). For mild and moderate/severe food insecurity, the greatest reduction occurred with socioeconomic variables 4.5% (PR 1.27, 95%CI 1.05; 1.53) and 8.0% (PR 1.50, 95% CI 1.17; 1.93), respectively. The association between food insecurity and mental distress was consistent, and increased with the degree of food insecurity, with a greater reduction for socioeconomic variables.


Resumo A insegurança alimentar é fonte de estresse diário, especialmente nas mulheres. Objetivou-se investigar associação entre sofrimento mental e insegurança alimentar em gestantes. Estudo transversal com gestantes do serviço público de saúde, independentemente do trimestre ou estratificação do risco gestacional em Colombo-PR, Brasil. Modelos de regressão de Poisson foram ajustados progressivamente para variáveis de exposição. A prevalência de sofrimento mental, entre os participantes (N=513) foi de 50,1%, e esteve associada à insegurança alimentar leve (RP 1,34, IC95% 1,12; 1,61) e moderada/grave (RP 1,70, IC95% 1,33; 2,19). A variável que mais alterou a associação entre o desfecho e insegurança alimentar leve foi renda (-4,48%) e, para insegurança alimentar moderada/grave, escolaridade (-7,60%). Para insegurança alimentar leve e moderada/ grave, a maior redução ocorreu com as variáveis socioeconômicas 4,5% (RP 1,27, IC95% 1,05; 1,53) e 8,0% (RP 1,50, IC95% 1,17; 1,93), respectivamente. A associação entre insegurança alimentar e sofrimento mental foi consistente, e aumentou com o grau de insegurança alimentar, com maior redução para as variáveis socioeconômicas.

10.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(5)mayo 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409847

ABSTRACT

Background: Atmospheric pollution is a problem that causes great concern and health risks for the population and the earth, as it affects developed countries and third world countries. Locally, there are no studies that prove the fulfillment level of the restriction about the usage of residential firewood, considering that since 2014 there is a procedure called "The Environmental Decontamination Plan" in Valdivia (PDAV). Aim: To determine the fulfillment level of the restriction about residential firewood and its related factors. Material and Methods: The population study were 594 homes that were assigned randomly and proportionally according to 2 territorial areas (A and B) established in the PDAV. The sample's characteristics were described, comparison techniques were applied by subgroups (sociodemographic, home's structures and humidity's perception and percentage of the firewood) to identify factors related mainly with the fulfillment of measurements about firewood usage. Results: 52% of households do not comply with the residential firewood use restriction measure, having sociodemographic factors related with this failure, such as schooling, health insurance and home structure. Besides, it is noted that the knowledge level of PDAV is associated with the accomplish level of restriction measures. When people know more about PDAV, there is a higher proportion of accomplishment. Conclusion: In more than half of the households, the restriction on the use of woodstove is not complied. The lack of knowledge of the population about the PDAV directly influences its compliance, which requires strategies to promote adherence to this program.

11.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022214, 06 abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391899

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Several strategies focused on providing healthcare to premature children have been implemented. Among them, one finds breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: Investigating the prevalence of, and factors associated with, lack of premature newborn breastfeeding at hospital discharge. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted with puerperal women and their preterm newborns in the public health network of Maceió, Brazil. Maternal information was obtained socioeconomic, obstetric, prenatal, and anthropometric data, through questionnaire application, where as information about newborns was collected in their medical records (gestational age at birth, sex, delivery method (vaginal birth or cesarean section), weight, and length at birth, and Apgar scores in the 1st and 5th minute of life), as well as information about the practice of breastfeeding at hospital discharge time. Poisson regression analysis in a hierarchical model was carried out to identify factors associated with the outcome of interest. Results were expressed in Prevalence Ratio (PR) and respective 95% Confidence Intervals (95%CI). RESULTS: 381 dyads were evaluated, 167 (43.8%) of them were not breastfeeding at hospital discharge time. Clinical complications observed in newborns (PR=2.20 95%CI 1.73-2.80), late postpartum contact between mother and child (PR=1.76 95%CI 1.34-2.31), low Apgar in the 1st minute of life (PR=1.44 95%CI 1.15-1.82), and small premature newborn (gestational age at birth <34 weeks) (PR=1.48 95%CI 1.18-1.84) were the factors associated with lack of breastfeeding. CONCLUSION: Lack of premature newborn breastfeeding at hospital discharge time was often observed in the current study and associated with birth-relevant factors.


INTRODUÇÃO: Diversas estratégias têm sido implementadas com enfoque na assistência à saúde da criança prematura, sendo a amamentação umas delas. OBJETIVO: Identificar a prevalência e os fatores associados à ausência de aleitamento materno na alta hospitalar de recém-nascidos prematuros. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado na rede pública de saúde de Maceió, Brasil com puérperas e seus recém-nascidos pré-termos. Foram obtidas informações maternas sobre dados socioeconômicos, obstétricos, de pré-natal e antropométricos, por meio de questionário, informações dos recém-nascidos via consulta aos prontuários médicos (idade gestacional ao nascer, sexo da criança, via de parto (vaginal ou cesariana), peso e comprimento ao nascimento e índices de Apgar no 1º e 5º minutos de vida) e sobre a prática do aleitamento materno no momento da alta hospitalar. Análise de regressão de Poisson em modelo hierarquizado foi realizada para identificação dos fatores associados ao desfecho de interesse, com os valores expressos em Razão de Prevalência (RP) e respectivos Intervalos de Confiança de 95% (IC95%). RESULTADOS: Foram avaliadas 381 díades, das quais 167 (43,8%) não estavam em aleitamento materno no momento da alta hospitalar. Intercorrências clínicas no recém-nascido (RP=2,20, IC95% 1,73-2,80), contato tardio entre mãe e filho no pós-parto (RP=1,76 IC95% 1,34-2,31), baixo Apgar no 1º minuto (RP=1,44 IC95% 1,15-1,82) e ter idade gestacional ao nascer < 34 semanas (RP=1,48 IC95% 1,18-1,84) foram fatores associados à ausência do aleitamento materno. CONCLUSÃO: A ausência de aleitamento materno na alta hospitalar de recém-nascidos prematuros foi frequente, estando associada a fatores pertinentes ao nascimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Patient Discharge , Breast Feeding , Infant, Premature , Socioeconomic Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals, University , Life Style
12.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 35(1): 58-66, Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383426

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The literature contains little information on several non-clinical factors such as the association between graduate residency programs and the application of minimally invasive dentistry, or on dentists' clinical decision-making processes for replacing restorations for esthetic reasons. This study evaluated whether non-clinical subjective factors influence the treatment decisions made by Brazilian dentists regarding technical and esthetic matters. Dentists were invited to participate in a cross-sectional survey by answering an electronic questionnaire containing clinical cases, regarding what treatment they would select for: T1 - a molar tooth with significant crown destruction and spontaneous pain, and T2 - premolar teeth with extensive amalgam restorations and no carious lesion or associated complaint. The survey also included questions about subjective variants (sociodemographic and professional). Chi Square test and Fischer's Exact test were used to analyze the answers to T1, and one-factor analysis of variance and post-hoc Tamhane were applied to T2. The significance level was set at 5% for all analyses. A total 302 professionals participated in the study. For T1, it was found that clinical decision-making was influenced by the Brazilian region of clinical practice (p=0.005). For T2, a significant association was found between increased loss of patient tooth tissues and whether the professional had completed a residency program in Operative Dentistry (p=0.035), worked in a private practice (p=0.033), or if most of his/her patients belonged to a high estimated socioeconomic level (household income above $4350) (p=0.002). In conclusion, the clinical decision-making of Brazilian dentists varies according to professional profile, mainly with relation to the replacement of restorations due to esthetic concerns.


RESUMO Vários fatores não clínicos, como a associação entre programas de especialização e a aplicação da odontologia minimamente invasiva, ainda são escassos na literatura. Outro aspecto relevante é a tomada de decisão clínica do dentista quanto à substituição de restaurações em função da aparência estética. Este estudo avaliou se fatores subjetivos não clínicos influenciam na tomada de decisão clínica de dentistas brasileiros com base em questões técnicas e estéticas. Foi realizado um estudo transversal com um questionário eletrônico contendo casos clínicos que foram apresentados a uma lista de profissionais. No questionário, interrogou-se o tratamento proposto para um dente molar com destruição coronária significativa e dor espontânea (T1). Também foi questionado o tratamento proposto para dentes prémolares com extensas restaurações de amálgama e sem lesão cariosa ou queixas associadas (T2). Em seguida, foram questionadas as variantes subjetivas (sociodemográfica e profissional). Na análise de T1, foram utilizados os testes Qui Quadrado e Exato de Fischer. Em T2, foi aplicada a análise de variância de um fator e post-hoc Tamhane. Para todas as análises, o nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5%. Um total de 302 profissionais participaram deste estudo. A tomada de decisão clínica para T1 foi influenciada pela região brasileira de prática clínica (p = 0,005). Em T2, realizar especialização em Dentística Operatória (p = 0,035), trabalhar em consultório particular (p = 0,033) e a maioria dos pacientes apresentar nível socioeconômico estimado elevado (renda familiar acima de R$10.000,00) (p = 0,002) aumentou significativamente a perda de tecidos dentários. Em conclusão, a tomada de decisão clínica dos dentistas brasileiros varia de acordo com o perfil dos profissionais, principalmente no que se refere à substituição de restaurações por questões estéticas.

13.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 38(1): 11-19, mar. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388167

ABSTRACT

Resumen El uso de escalas de predicción clínica puede incrementar la detección temprana de enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC). Su rendimiento en población latinoamericana ha sido pobremente estudiado. Nuestro objetivo fue determinar la validez y reproducibilidad del cuestionario PUMA, como herramienta de tamización en atención primaria en población colombiana, mediante un estudio tipo corte transversal; donde se establecieron las características operativas del cuestionario, área bajo la curva de características operativas del receptor (ACOR) y el mejor punto de corte para esta población. 1.980 sujetos fueron incluidos en el análisis. La prevalencia de EPOC correspondió a 18,9%. La capacidad discriminatoria del cuestionario fue de 0,69 (IC95%: 0,66-0,72), para un punto de corte óptimo mayor de 5, con una sensibilidad del 60%, especificidad 66% y un valor predictivo negativo de 88%. La escala PUMA para tamizaje de pacientes en riesgo de EPOC tiene una capacidad discriminatoria moderada y una excelente reproducibilidad en la población estudiada.


The use of clinical prediction scales may increase the early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The performance characteristics of these scales in the Latin American population is poorly studied. We aimed to evaluate validity and reproducibility of PUMA questionnaire as a screening tool in primary care in a Colombian population. A cross-sectional study was performed. Operational characteristics of the questionnaire, the area under the received operator curve (AUROC), and the best cut-off point of the score were calculated. 1,980 individuals were included in this analysis. Prevalence of COPD was 18.9%. AUROC of the questionary was 0.69 (CI95%: 0.66-0.72), with an optimal cut-off point greater than 5 (sensitivity 60%, specificity 66%); predictive negative value was 88%. PUMA's scale for the screening of patients at risk of COPD has a moderate accuracy and an excellent reproducibility in the studied population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Primary Health Care , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Mass Screening , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Colombia/epidemiology
14.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(1): 115-128, 01/03/2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1370185

ABSTRACT

Objective. To examine the prevalence of chronic pain and the associated factors among nursing students. Methods. This study is a descriptive, cross-sectional. The subjects were 1684 nursing students who were selected from the universities of medical sciences in Iran via cluster sampling in 2019. Data were collected using a three-part questionnaire: a demographic characteristics survey, characteristics of chronic pain, and a pain scale. Results. The majority of the students were female (62.1%) and single (87%).The mean age of the participants was 22.4±2.96 years. The results of data analysis showed that 30.2% of the students suffered from chronic pain. The areas which were most affected by pain were: head (31.24%), abdomen (11.98%), and the back (9.23%). 56.4% of the nursing students declared the origin of their pain to be unknown, 22.7% attributed their pain to migraine, and 6.48% reported spinal disorders to be the cause of their pain. There was a significant relationship between the students' chronic pain and the variables of age (higher in the 29-and-above age group), marital status (higher in married subjects), and education (higher in postgraduates). Conclusion. A relatively large number of nursing students suffer from chronic pains. Nursing schools should contribute to improving students' knowledge of chronic pain prevention and management.


Objetivo. Estimar la prevalencia del dolor crónico y sus factores asociados entre los estudiantes de enfermería. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal. Participaron 1684 estudiantes de enfermería (1496 de pregrado y 188 de Maestría) de las universidades de ciencias médicas en Irán seleccionados mediante un muestreo por conglomerados. Los datos se recogieron a partir de un cuestionario dividido en tres partes: una encuesta de características demográficas, características del dolor crónico y una escala de dolor. Resultados. La mayoría de los estudiantes fueron de sexo femenino (62.1%) y solteros (87%). La edad media fue de 22.4±2.9 años. Los resultados del análisis de los datos mostraron que el 30.2% de los estudiantes sufría dolor crónico. Las zonas más afectadas por el dolor fueron: la cabeza (31.24%), el abdomen (11.98%) y la espalda (9.23%). El origen del dolor fue más frecuentemente atribuido a la migraña (22.7%) y a los trastornos de la columna vertebral (6.5%). Un 56.4% declaró desconocer el origen de su dolor. Hubo una relación significativa entre el dolor crónico de los estudiantes y las variables: edad (mayor en el grupo de 29 años o más), estado civil (mayor en los casados), educación (mayor en los estudiantes de maestría). Conclusión. Un número relativamente elevado de estudiantes de enfermería sufre de dolores crónicos. Las escuelas de enfermería deben contribuir en mejorar el conocimiento de ellos acerca de la prevención y manejo del dolor crónico.


Objetivo. Estimar a prevalência da dor crónica e seus fatores associados entre os estudantes de enfermagem. Métodos. Estudo descritivo de corte transversal. Os participantes foram 1684 estudantes de enfermagem (1496 de graduação e 188 de Mestrado) das universidades de ciências médicas no Irã que foram selecionados através de uma amostragem por conglomerados. Os dados se recolheram mediante um questionário dividido em três partes: uma enquete de características demográficas, características da dor crónica e uma escala de dor. Resultados. A maioria dos estudantes foram do sexo feminino (62.1%) e solteiros (87%). A idade média dos participantes foi de 22.4±2.9 anos. Os resultados da análise dos dados mostraram que 30.2% dos estudantes sofriam dor crónica. As zonas mais afetadas pela dor foram: a cabeça (31.24%), o abdômen (11.98%) e as costas (9.23%). A origem da dor foi mais frequentemente atribuída à enxaqueca (22.7%) e aos transtornos da coluna vertebral (6.5%). Um 56.4% dos estudantes de enfermagem declararam desconhecer a origem da sua dor. Houve uma relação significativa entre a dor crónica dos estudantes e as variáveis: idade (maior no grupo de 29 anos ou mais), estado civil (maior nos casados), educação (maior nos estudantes de mestrado). Conclusão. Um número relativamente elevado de estudantes de enfermagem sofre de dores crónicas. As escolas de enfermagem devem contribuir em melhorar o conhecimento dos estudantes sobre a prevenção e manejo da dor crónica.


Subject(s)
Students, Nursing , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chronic Pain
15.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 115-122, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357461

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity due to non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs) constitutes a significant challenge for healthcare systems. To attenuate its impacts, it is essential to identify the sociodemographic determinants of this condition, which can discriminate against population segments that are more exposed. OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between multimorbidity conditions and sociodemographic indicators among Brazilian adults and older adults. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional telephone-based survey in 26 Brazilian state capitals and the federal district. METHODS: The Vigitel 2013 survey was used, with data collected via a questionnaire. The outcome was multimorbidity (2, 3 or 4 NCDs), and the exposures were sociodemographic indicators (age, sex, skin color, marital status and education). The analysis consisted of multinomial logistic regression (odds ratio), stratified by age. RESULTS: Among adults, multimorbidity comprising two, three or four diseases was associated with advancing age (P < 0.001); two and three diseases, with having a partner (P = 0.004 and P < 0.001, respectively); and two, three or four diseases, with lower education (P < 0.001). Among older adults, two, three or four diseases were associated with female sex (P < 0.001); three diseases, with living with a partner (P = 0.018); two diseases, with black skin color (P = 0.016); and two or three diseases, with lower education (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: To control and prevent multimorbidity, strategies for individuals with existing chronic diseases, with partners and with lower education levels are needed. Particularly for adults, advancing age should be considered; and for older adults, being a woman and having black skin color.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Noncommunicable Diseases/epidemiology , Multimorbidity , Brazil/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies
16.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 134-143, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357457

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Even with the significant growth of female representation within medicine, inequality and prejudice against this group persist. OBJECTIVE: To analyze patients' preferences regarding the gender of physicians in general and according to different specialties, and the possible reasons behind their choice. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at the Clinical Center of the University of Caxias do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: Over a three-month period in 2020, 1,016 patients were asked to complete a paper-based 11-item questionnaire. RESULTS: The majority (81.7%; n = 830) of the patients did not have a preference regarding the gender of physicians in general. The preference rate for same-gender physicians was 14.0% (n = 142/1,016), and this preference was more common among female than among male patients (17.6% versus 7.0%; odds ratio, OR = 2.85; 95% confidence interval, CI = 1.80-4.52; P < 0.001). When asked about their preference for the gender of the specialist who they were waiting to see, the overall preference rate for a same-gender professional was 17.2% (n = 175). Preference for same-gender specialists was higher for specialties essentially based on pelvic or breast examination (i.e. gynecology, urology, proctology and mastology), compared with others (33.4% versus 9.7%; OR = 4.69; 95% CI = 3.33-6.61; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The patients' model for choice of their physician does not seem to involve physicians' gender in general or in the majority of medical specialties. The data presented in this study may make it easier to understand patients' preferences and concerns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physicians , Medicine , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Preference
17.
Rev. eletrônica enferm ; 24: 1-8, 18 jan. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1353282

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar a prevalência do consumo prejudicial de álcool e seus fatores associados entre os ribeirinhos do estado da Paraíba, Brasil. Método: estudo transversal e analítico realizado com 250 moradores de comunidades ribeirinhas da Paraíba, no período de junho a outubro de 2019. Regressão logística bivariada e múltipla foi utilizada para análise dos dados. Resultados: a prevalência do consumo prejudicial de álcool (AUDIT ≥ 8) foi de 30,4% (IC95% 24,7-36,1). Ribeirinhos com maiores chances de apresentarem um uso prejudicial de álcool foram os que fazem uso de drogas ilícitas (OR=3,70; IC95% 1,97-6,96) e de tabaco (OR=2,80; IC95% 1,51-5,21). Conclusão: os ribeirinhos apresentaram uma alta prevalência de consumo prejudicial de álcool, o que torna necessária a adoção de estratégias de prevenção e promoção da saúde quanto ao seu uso nocivo e a suas consequências à saúde da população ribeirinha.


Objective: to identify the prevalence of harmful alcohol consumption and its associated factors among residents of riverine communities in the state of Paraíba, Brazil. Method: cross-sectional, analytical study of 250 residents of riverine communities in Paraíba, from June to October 2019. Bivariate and multiple logistic regression was used for data analysis. Results: the prevalence of harmful alcohol consumption (AUDIT ≥ 8) was 30.4% (95%CI 24.7-36.1). The residents of riverine communities who were most likely to harmful use of alcohol were those who use illicit drugs (OR=3.70; 95%CI 1.97-6.96) and tobacco (OR=2.80; 95%CI 1.51-5.21). Conclusion: residents of riverine communities had a high prevalence of harmful alcohol consumption, which brings the need to adopt prevention and health promotion strategies regarding the harmful use of alcohol and its consequences for the health of this population.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Vulnerable Populations , Risk Factors
18.
Acta méd. peru ; 39(1): 15-23, ene.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383381

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar el antecedente de catarata y problemas de visión en personas mayores de 50 años en el Perú. Métodos: Análisis de base de datos secundaria de la Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar (ENDES) 2016. Incluimos 7970 adultos mayores de 50 años. Evaluamos los indicadores de interés a nivel nacional y regional. Asimismo, analizamos factores relacionados a estos eventos mediante un modelo multivariado de Poisson. Resultados: Se evidenció un 13,6 % (IC95 %: 12,8-14,3 %) de antecedente de catarata, 20,4 % (IC95 %: 19,5-21,3 %) de problemas de visión de larga distancia (PVLD) y 29,4 % (IC95 %: 28,4-30,4 %) de problemas de visión de corta distancia (PVCD). En el modelo multivariado observamos que las personas con antecedente de hipertensión arterial, antecedente de diabetes y los grupos de edad mayores tenían una probabilidad significativamente mayor de reportar antecedentes de cataratas y problemas de visión. Observamos también que las personas con mejor estado económico presentaron menor frecuencia de PVLD y PVCD. Conclusión: El antecedente de catarata y los problemas de visión en la población estudiada varían de acuerdo a características sociodemográficas y geográficas. La identificación de factores relacionados a estos eventos de interés permite proponer mejores intervenciones para el control de estos problemas.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the history of cataract and vision problems in people over 50 years of age in Peru. Methods: Secondary database analysis of the Demographic and Family Health Survey (ENDES) 2016. We included 7970 adults over 50 years of age. We evaluated the indicators of interest at the national and regional level. Likewise, we analyzed factors related to these events using a multivariate Poisson model. Results: 13.6% (95% CI: 12.8-14.3%) had a history of cataract, 20.4% (95%CI: 19.5-21.3%) had long-distance vision problems. (LDVP) and 29.4% (95%CI: 28.4-30.4%) of short-distance vision problems (SDVP). In the multivariate model, we observed that people with a history of high blood pressure, a history of diabetes, and older age groups were significantly more likely to report a history of cataracts and vision problems. We also observed that people with a better economic status had a lower frequency of LDVP and SDVP. Conclusion: The history of cataract and vision problems in the studied population vary according to sociodemographic and geographic characteristics. The identification of factors related to these events of interest allows us to propose better interventions to control these problems.

19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 31-36, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360705

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors associated with primary dysmenorrhea in a sample of adult women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with women aged between 19 and 49 years from a city of northeastern Brazil. Sociodemographic, gynecological, and obstetric variables were assessed by questionnaires and interviews. Dysmenorrhea was measured by self-report, and the Numerical Pain Rating Scale measured the intensity of pain. Statistical analyses included χ2 test, ANOVA, and logistic regression. RESULTS: The average age was 33.2±9.1 years and the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea was 56% for the whole sample. The average duration of symptoms was 2.7±1.8 days and the mean intensity was 6.1±2.6. The previous cesarean section was associated with a higher rate of primary dysmenorrhea (PR=2.33; 95%CI 1.11-4.90) when considering the whole sample. Women who aged 25-39 years and are insufficiently active had higher rates of primary dysmenorrhea (PR=5.24; 95%CI 1.08-27.31). CONCLUSION: Primary dysmenorrhea has a high prevalence in young adults, adults, and middle-aged women. Cesarean section and being physically inactive was associated with increased rates of dysmenorrhea among adult women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Cesarean Section , Dysmenorrhea/diagnosis , Dysmenorrhea/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Middle Aged
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936458

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of depression among middle school students in Tianjin , and to provide the evidence for making targeted prevention of depression. Methods In September 2019 and September 2020, the stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 32 380 middle school students in Tianjin for face-to-face questionnaire survey, which included the basic information , depressive symptoms , health status , life and behavior habits , injuries , and Internet addiction in the previous week. The χ2 test , t test, univariate and multivariate logistic stepwise regression were used to analyze the data. Results From 2019 to 2020, the prevalence of depression among middle school students in Tianjin was 20.48% , with higher prevalence in girls than in boys and higher prevalence in urban areas than in suburban areas. Multivariate regression results show that smoking, school bullying, parental abuse, Internet addiction , injury , urban area , female , sickness, anemia and sweets are risk factors for depression ; fruits , vegetables , breakfast , high Intensive exercise are protective factors. The OR ( 95%CI ) of depression of school bullying and parental beating and scolding were 4.71 ( 95%CI 3.84 -5.79) and 2.94 ( 95%CI 2.72 - 3.18); the OR ( 95%CI ) of depression of internet addiction students was 2.76 ( 95%CI 2.30 - 3.11); the OR ( 95%CI ) of depression in anemia students was 1.68 ( 95%CI 1.36 - 2.07); compared with non-smokers, the odd ratio(OR) ( 95%CI ) of depression for smoking less than 1 cigarette, 1-11 cigarette, and 11-20 cigarette per day were 1.83 ( 95%CI 0.75 - 2.44), 1.64 ( 95%CI 0.94 -2.84 ), 1.92 ( 95%CI 1.51 - 2.44), respectively; Conclusion The depression level of middle school students in Tianjin is in the middle, and the intervention should be interfered from many aspects, such as cultivating students' good living behavior habits and healthy body, providing good family atmosphere and campus environment.

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