Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 32
Filter
1.
Tropical Biomedicine ; : 186-191, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904736

ABSTRACT

@#Plants contain bioactive compounds and are constantly explored as safer alternatives to conventional insecticides. Despite numerous studies on many plants, information on the insecticidal potential of underutilised plants like tiger nut, Cyperus esculentus L., are scant, although their pharmacological potentials are well known. Hence, this study investigated the larvicidal potential of crude aqueous extracts of two C. esculentus varieties (black and yellow) on the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti (L.) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say). Mosquito larvae were exposed to C. esculentus crude extracts using the larval bioassay technique of the World Health Organization. Differential larvicidal responses were observed in the test mosquitoes and extracts of Black Dried Tiger nuts (BDT) were more larvicidal than Yellow Dried Tiger nuts (YDT). Acute larval toxicity of the extracts was more pronounced on Cx. quinquefasciatus than Ae. aegypti. The results indicate the potential of C. esculentus (particularly BDT) as a source of mosquito bioinsecticide and merits further studies as a safer alternative to conventional insecticide-based vector control.

2.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-209808

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to investigate the in vitro antimicrobial properties of crude methanolic extract ofChromolaena odorata and its interactions with some standard antibiotics (ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, and gentamicin)on Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from wound samples. P. aeruginosa was isolated from wound samplesfrom hospital patients in Enugu State, Nigeria, using standard bacteriological methods. Methanolic extraction ofC. odorata was carried out using Soxhlet extractor. The antimicrobial activity and in vitro interactions were evaluatedusing a combination of agar well diffusion and broth dilution techniques. The findings of this study showed that allthe P. aeruginosa isolates were susceptible to the C. odorata methanolic crude extract at high concentrations. Therewas an enhancement of the potency of the methanolic crude extract when combined with low concentrations ofstandard antibiotics compared to its potency when tested alone. Our findings give credence to the folkloric use ofC. odorata for the treatment of wounds, especially P. aeruginosa-infected wounds. There could be beneficial clinicalapplication of the coadministration of standard antibiotics and the crude extract of C. odorata in the treatment ofwound infections caused by P. aeruginosa.

3.
European J Med Plants ; 2018 Jan; 22(1): 1-7
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-189369

ABSTRACT

A known quantity of coarsely blended stem-back of Enantia chlorantha was progressively extracted with hexane, ethyl acetate and ethanol respectively. The resulting crude extracts were separated into various components using thin layer chromatographic and preparative thin layer chromatographic techniques. The antibacterial activity of every isolated component was carried out using five test organisms which are Klebsiella pneumonia, Salmonel typhi, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. The result of the antibacterial assay conducted indicated that some of the isolated components had significant activities against the test organisms employed.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511488

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the larvicidal activity of the ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the endocarp and seeds of Dracaena loureiri (D. loureiri) against the dengue mosquito vector, Aedes aegypti. Methods: Bioassays were performed by exposing late third-stage to early fourth-stage larvae of Aedes aegypti to various concentrations of the extracts from D. loureiri. The larval mortality was observed after 24-and 48-h exposure. Results: The larvicidal bioassay in this study demonstrated that the ethanolic endocarp extract was the most effective with the LC50 value of 84.00 mg/L after 24 h exposure and< 50 mg/L after 48 h exposure. Extracts from the other parts of the plant were signifi-cantly less effective as a larvicide. Conclusions: The ethanolic endocarp extract of D. loureiri demonstrated effective lar-vicidal activity. It is an alternative source for developing a novel larvicide for controlling this mosquito species.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 775-784, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242230

ABSTRACT

CRISPR/Cas9, emerged as an efficient and powerful gene editing technology, has become the mainstream genome editing technology. Constructing mutants using CRISPR/Cas9 system is of great significance to the functional study and breeding application of useful genes. As the basis of the technology, a method for identification of mutation with efficiency and lower cost is needed. In this report, we studied the factors influencing mutation detected by CEL Ⅰ crude extracts, such as the amount of protein, enzyme incubation time, PCR buffers. Under the optimized conditions, we can integrate the mutation detection steps into one-tube reaction. We used this system to examine the mutation types and frequency of rice stn1 mediated by CRISPR/Cas9. We also used this method to identify different mutation types including homozygous, heterozygous and bi-allelic mutations. The accuracy of this method reached 100% verified by sequencing. Altogether, our results showed that using CELⅠ crude extracts was an efficient and low cost method for identification of CRISPR/Cas9 mediated mutation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663938

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the proximate composition,mineral content,and phytochemical compounds in Calophyllum inophyllum (C.inophyllum) leaves.Moreover,isolation and identification of pyrene were also performed.Methods:C.inophyllum leaves were extracted with methanol by percolation methods.The proximate composition of C.inophyllum leaves was analyzed by standard methods.Mineral contents in this plant were analyzed by using atomic absorption spectrophotometer.Phytochemical screening and analysis of this plant were performed by spectrophotometric method.Washing method with carbon disulfide was used for isolating dthydropyrene compound from C.inophyllum leaves extracts.Results:The result revealed that C.inophyllum leaves contained 11.24% moisture,4.75% ash,6.43% crude protein,23.96% crude fiber,9.91% carbohydrate,and energy (79.17 kcal/100 g).The leaves also contained 0.007% iron,1.240% calcium,0.075% sodium,0.195% magnesium,0.100% ppm potassium,and 0.040% phosphorus.Moreover,11.51% alkaloid,2.48% triterpenoid,2.37% flavonoid,7.68% tannin,2.16% saponin,2.53% polyphenol,were identified in the methanolic crude extracts of C.inophyllum leaves.It was found that trans-2-[2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-10b,10c-dimethyl-10b,10c-dihydropyrene was obtained at purity of 79.18% (22.17% yield)from C.inophyllum leaves.Conclusions:C.inophyllum leaves may be used as a good source of fiber.It was found that C.inophyllum leaves have the potential as herbal drugs due to their phytochemical content.The separation,isolation,and purification of bioactive compounds from this methanolic crude extract and their biological activity are under further investigation.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-626987

ABSTRACT

Aims: Piper sarmentosum Roxb. has a long history of medicinal usage and potential in treating many diseases and ailments. It is known for its medicinal properties and contains a variety of active chemical compounds. This study was conducted to identify and quantify the phenolic compounds of the leaf and fruit extract of P. sarmentosum, as well as their antibacterial activities. Methodology and results: High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) was carried out to identify the phenolic compounds in the samples. Antibacterial performance of the samples was measured using agar well and disc diffusion assay, where its MIC values were then determined. After going through HPLC-UV, the major phenolic compounds identified in both extracts were tannic acid, gallic acid, quercetin and naringin. The leaf and fruit of P. sarmentosum exhibited moderate to strong antibacterial activity when tested against pythopathogenic bacteria with an inhibition range of 10.67-17.33 mm at 100 mg/mL. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: The leaf and fruit extracts of P. sarmentosum were proven to have effective inhibitory effects on Pseudomonas fuscovaginae and Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, which are also the causal agents of sheath brown rot and bacterial leaf blight in rice. This is believed to be due to the presence of the phenolic compounds in these samples. In a subsequent study, the researchers are planning to apply a formulation, developed from the crude extract, in the glasshouse and field trial.

8.
European J Med Plants ; 2014 Dec; 4(12): 1513-1523
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-164215

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess inhibitory effect of extracts, alone and in combination, from Carissa spinarum Linn (C. spinarum L.) and Carica papaya Linn (C. papaya L.) on Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Escherichia coli (E. coli). The combined extracts used were C. papaya L leaves petroleum ether extract/C. spinarum L root methanolic extract (CPLP/CSRM), C. spinarum L leaves petroleum ether extract/C. papaya L seed ethanolic extract (CSLP/CPSE), C. spinarum L root ethanolic extract/C. papaya L leaves ethanolic extract (CSRE/CPLE), C. papaya L root ethanolic extract/C. spinarum L bark ethanolic extract (CPRE/CSBE) and C. papaya L leaves methanolic extract/C. spinarum L leaves methanolic extract (CPLM/CSLM). Study Design: In vitro antibacterial assay. Place and Duration of Study: Samples were collected from Samunge village at Loliondo in Ngorongoro district located in northern Tanzania. Antimicrobial bioassay was carried out at the Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Dar-es- Salaam, between March 2013 and June 2013. Methodology: The broth micro dilution method was used to determine minimum inhibition concentration (MIC). Fractional inhibitory concentrations were calculated from MICs of individual and combined extracts to determine interactions. Results: Plant extracts demonstrated MICs ranging from 312 to 5000 μg/ml. The combination of plant extracts against S. aureus resulted into antibacterial activity of CPSE, CPRE, CPLM, CSLM and CPLP extracts to increase by 4-, 2-, 4-, 4-, and 2-fold, respectively. Activity of CSLP, CPLM and CSLM increased by 2-fold against E. coli. Synergy was demonstrated by CPLM/CSLM against S. aureus. Some combinations were additive including CPRE/CSBE, CPLP/CSRM and CSLP/CPSE against S. aureus and CSLP/CPSE, CPRE/CSBE, CPLM/CSLM against E. coli. Nevertheless, antagonism was demonstrated by CSRE/CPLE, CPLP/CSRM against E. coli and CSLP/CPSE and CSRE/CPLE against S. aureus. Conclusion: This study revealed the importance of using plant-based antibacterial agents in combined therapy to increase efficacy. Extracts of C. spinarum L and C. papaya L could be a source of antibacterial agents when utilized in combination therapy for patients with severe E. coli and staphylococcal infections. These predictors, however, need to be validated to improve their quality.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Apocynaceae/classification , Apocynaceae/pharmacology , Apocynaceae/therapeutic use , Carica/classification , Carica/pharmacology , Carica/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Humans , Phytotherapy/pharmacology , Phytotherapy/therapeutic use , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Tanzania
9.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-158854

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to isolate compounds from Cameroonian propolis extracts and to test their activities against bacteria isolated from carcass at the Yaoundé slaughterhouse. The n-hexane, ethyl acetate and ethanol extracts of propolis samples from Ngaoundal and Tala-Mokolo were separated by successive silica gel column chromatography to give six triterpenes. Their structures were determined as 25-cyclopropyl-3β-hydroxyurs-12- ene (7), cycloart-3β-hydroxy-12, 25(26)-diene (8), lup-20(29)-en-3-one (9), olean-12-en-3β, 28-diol (10), lup- 20(29)-en-3β-oate (13) and 3β-hydroxylup-20(29)-ene (14). Compounds 7 and 8 were new triterpene derivatives while 10 and 13 were isolated for the first time from propolis. The structures of all the compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. Phytochemical screening of the methanol extract (5) revealed the presence of alkaloids, reducing compounds, coumarins, saponins and tannins accounting for its broad spectrum antibacterial activities. The six isolated compounds and crude extracts were tested for antimicrobial activity against some Gram negative bacteria. The methanol extract (5) of propolis samples was active against Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MIC: 0.2 mg/ml) whereas the isolated compounds 7, 8 and 10 exclusively exhibited antimicrobial activity against Salmonellas pp (MIC: 0.1-0.15 mg/ml). The MIC values of all the four propolis products were greater than that of the standard drug (Amoxicillin): 0.1-0.2 mg/ml versus 0.4 mg/ml. Nevertheless, further pharmacological and toxicity studies on experimental animals are necessary to establish the safety of the propolis products for its use as topical antimicrobial agents.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129066

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the antibacterial effects of a mixture of Sophorae radix and Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischer (1 : 1) ethanol extracts (SGE) on mice infected with Streptococcus (S.) pyogenes. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration of SGE necessary for antibacterial effects against S. pyogenes were 20 microg/mL. Based on the time-kill curves for S. pyogenes, SGE was effective at 4x MIC after 16 h. On Day 12 after challenge, the survival rate of mice treated with 2.0 mg/kg SGE was 60%. In conclusion, SGE had potent in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities against S. pyogenes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Complex Mixtures , Ethanol , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Mice , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Plants, Medicinal , Sophora , Streptococcus , Streptococcus pyogenes , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129051

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the antibacterial effects of a mixture of Sophorae radix and Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischer (1 : 1) ethanol extracts (SGE) on mice infected with Streptococcus (S.) pyogenes. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration of SGE necessary for antibacterial effects against S. pyogenes were 20 microg/mL. Based on the time-kill curves for S. pyogenes, SGE was effective at 4x MIC after 16 h. On Day 12 after challenge, the survival rate of mice treated with 2.0 mg/kg SGE was 60%. In conclusion, SGE had potent in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities against S. pyogenes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Complex Mixtures , Ethanol , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Mice , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Plants, Medicinal , Sophora , Streptococcus , Streptococcus pyogenes , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672872

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze and identify the chemical compositions of different organic plants crude extracts of Mentha piperita (M. piperita) grown in Sultanate of Oman by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Methods: The powder sample was extracted with methanol by using Soxhlet extractor. Methanol crude extracts of M. piperita and its derived fractions of hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and butanol were prepared.Results:MS showed that majority of these compounds are bioactive.Conclusions:According to the results of the present study, the plant crude extracts could be Qualitative analyses of various organic plant crude extracts of M. piperita by using GC-used as medicine for the treatment of different diseases. The analysis and identification of the chemical compounds in the plant crude extracts by using GC-MS was the first time.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343251

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze and identify the chemical compositions of different organic plants crude extracts of Mentha piperita (M. piperita) grown in Sultanate of Oman by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The powder sample was extracted with methanol by using Soxhlet extractor. Methanol crude extracts of M. piperita and its derived fractions of hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and butanol were prepared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Qualitative analyses of various organic plant crude extracts of M. piperita by using GC-MS showed that majority of these compounds are bioactive.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>According to the results of the present study, the plant crude extracts could be used as medicine for the treatment of different diseases. The analysis and identification of the chemical compounds in the plant crude extracts by using GC-MS was the first time.</p>

14.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 55(6): 421-424, Nov-Dec/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-690339

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Schistosomiasis is a neglected disease with public health importance in tropical and subtropical regions. An alternative to the disease control is the use of molluscicides to eliminate or reduce the intermediate host snail population causing a reduction of transmission in endemic regions. In this study nine extracts from eight Piperaceae species were evaluated against Biomphalaria glabrata embryos at blastula stage. The extracts were evaluated in concentrations ranging from 100 to 10 mg/L. Piper crassinervium and Piper tuberculatum extracts were the most active (100% of mortality at 20 mg/L and 30 mg/L respectively). .


RESUMO A esquistossomose é uma doença negligenciada de importância para a saúde pública em regiões tropicais e subtropicais. Uma alternativa para o controle da doença é o uso de moluscicidas para eliminar ou reduzir a população de caramujo hospedeiro, acarretando uma redução da transmissão da doença nas regiões endemicas. Neste estudo, nove extratos vegetais provenientes de oito espécies de Piperaceae foram expostos a embriões de Biomphalaria glabrata no estágio de blástula. Os extratos foram avaliados em concentrações que variaram entre 100 e 10 mg/L, sendo Piper crassinervium e Piper tuberculatum os extratos mais ativos (100% de mortalidade a 20 mg/L e 30 mg/L respectivamente). .


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomphalaria/drug effects , Disease Vectors , Molluscacides/pharmacology , Piperaceae/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Biomphalaria/parasitology , Molluscacides/isolation & purification , Piperaceae/classification , Schistosomiasis mansoni
15.
Salus ; 17(supl.1): 46-55, dic. 2013. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-710674

ABSTRACT

Venezuela se encuentra entre los países sudamericanos afectados por la esquistosomiasis y la quimioterapia con praziquantel (PZQ) es la principal estrategia de control. Se determino el efecto cuantitativo del tratamiento con praziquantel sobre la actividad de la Fosfatasa Alcalina (ALP), Fosfatasa Acida (ACP) y Superoxido Dismutasa (SOD), en antígenos solubles (ASG) y productos de excreción-secreción (PESG) de gusanos hembras y machos condición control (ASGHc, ASGMc, PESGHc and PESGMc) o incubados con PZQ in vitro (ASGMpzq, ASGHpzq, PESGMpzq and PESGHpzq). Las proteínas totales se determinaron por colorimetría, la SOD y ACP mediante espectrofotometría y la ALP por fluorometría. Se encontró una mayor concentración de proteínas en las ASG de gusanos no tratados, y en las preparaciones obtenidas luego de la incubación con PZQ in vitro, en los PESG, un incremento en la actividad ACP en los ASG y PESG preparados con gusanos no-tratados, y una disminución de dicha actividad en los ASG y PESG tratados. La SOD, evidenció en los ASG una disminución estadísticamente significativa en los gusanos tratados. La concentración de la ALP disminuyó significativamente en los ASG y PESGH de gusanos tratados en relación a los gusanos no tratados. En conclusión, se observó una disminución en las proteínas totales, actividades enzimáticas ACP y SOD, y concentración de ALP, en ASG y PESG obtenidos con gusanos tratados.


Venezuela is among South American countries affected by schistosomiasis and chemotherapy with praziquantel (PZQ) is the main control strategy. We determined the quantitative effect of treatment with PZQ on alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP), acid phosphatase (ACP) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in soluble antigens of worms (SWAP) and excretion-secretion products (EEP) of male and female worms (SMWAPc, SFWAPc, ESPWMc and ESPWHc) or incubated with PZQ in vitro (SMWAP PZQ, SFWAP PZQ, ESPWM PZQ and ESPWH PZQ). Total proteins were determined by colorimetry, SOD and ACP by spectrophotometry and fluorometry ALP. There was higher protein concentration in the untreated worms EG, and the preparations obtained after incubation with PZQ in vitro, in the EG, an increase in ACP activity in the EG and PG prepared with non-treated worms and a decrease of such activity on the EG and treated PG. On the other hand, SOD activity, the EG showed statistical significance in the treated worms. In the PG showed the same behavior, but those differences were not statistically significant. Similarly, there was a decrease in the concentration of ALP noticeable in the EG and worm PGh treated worms relative to untreated statistically significant. In conclusion, we observed a decrease in total protein, ACP and SOD enzyme activities and concentration of ALP, and EG in PG treated worms.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500437

ABSTRACT

To isolate, evaluate and characterize potential antibiotic producing actinomycetes from water and sediments of Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Methods: A total of 31 strains of actinomycetes were isolated and tested against Gram positive and Gram negative bacterial strains by primary screening. In the primary screening, 11 promising isolates were identified and subjected to solid state and submerged state fermentation methods to produce crude extracts. The fermented biomass was extracted by organic solvent extraction method and tested against bacterial strains by disc and agar well diffusion methods. The isolates were characterized by using morphological, physiological and biochemical methods. Results: The result obtained from agar well diffusion method was better than disc diffusion method. The crude extract showed higher inhibition zone against Gram positive bacteria than Gram negative bacteria. One-way analysis of variance confirmed most of the crude extracts were statistically significant at 95% confidence interval. The minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration of crude extracts were 1.65 mg/mL and 3.30 mg/mL against Staphylococcus aureus, and 1.84 mg/mL and 3.80 mg/mL against Escherichia coli respectively. The growth of aerial and substrate mycelium varied in different culture media used. Most of the isolates were able to hydrolysis starch and urea; able to survive at 5% concentration of sodium chloride; optimum temperature for their growth was 30 °C. Conclusions: The results of the present study revealed that freshwater actinomycetes of Lake Tana appear to have immense potential as a source of antibacterial compounds.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672650

ABSTRACT

Objective: To isolate and analyse the chemical composition in the essential oils and free radical scavenging activity of different crude extracts from the fresh and dry leaves of vegetable plants of Lactuca sativa L. (L. sativa). Methods: The essential oils and volatile chemical constituents were isolated from the fresh and dry leaves of L. sativa (lettuce) grown in Sultanate of Oman by hydro distillation method. The antioxidant activity of the crude extracts was carried out by well established free radical scavenging activity (DPPH) method. Results: About 20 chemical compounds of different concentration representing 83.07% and 79.88% respectively were isolated and identified by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy in the essential oils isolated from the fresh and dry leaves as α-pinene (5.11% and 4.05%), γ-cymene (2.07% and 1.92%), thymol (11.55%and 10.73%), durenol (52.00% and 49.79%), α-terpinene (1.66% and 1.34%), thymol acetate (0.99%and 0.67%), caryophyllene (2.11% and 1.98%), spathulenol (3.09% and 2.98%), camphene (4.11% and 3.65%), limonene (1.28% and 1.11%) representing these major chemical compounds. However, some other minor chemical constituents were also isolated and identified from the essential oil of lettuce including β-pinene, α-terpinolene, linalool, 4-terpineol, α-terpineol, o-methylthymol, L-alloaromadendrene and viridiflorene. Conclusions: The chemical constituents in the essential oils from the locally grown lettuce were identified in the following classes or groups of chemical compounds such as monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes volatile organic compounds and their oxygenated hydrocarbons. Therefore, the essential oils and the crude extracts from Omani vegetable species of lettuce are active candidates which would be used as antioxidant, antifungal or antimicrobial agents in new drugs preparation for therapy of infectious diseases.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672628

ABSTRACT

Objective: To prepare various crude extracts using different polarities of solvent and to quantitatively evaluate their total phenol, flavonoids contents and phytochemical screening of Thymus vulgaris collected from Al Jabal Al Akhdar, Nizwa, Sultanate of Oman. Methods:The leave sample was extracted with methanol and evaporated. Then it was defatted with water and extracted with different polarities organic solvents with increasing polarities. The prepare hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol and methanol crude extracts were used for their evaluation of total phenol, flavonoids contents and phytochemical screening study. The established conventional methods were used for quantitative determination of total phenol, flavonoids contents and phytochemical screening. Results: Phytochemical screening for various crude extracts were tested and shown positive result for flavonoids, saponins and steroids compounds. The result for total phenol content was the highest in butanol and the lowest in methanol crude extract whereas the total flavonoids contents was the highest in methanol and the lowest hexane crude extract. Conclusions:The crude extracts from locally grown Thymus vulgaris showed high concentration of flavonoids and it could be used as antibiotics for different curable and uncurable diseases.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672529

ABSTRACT

Objective: To isolate and analyze the chemical composition in different crude extracts of from the leaves of locally grown of Thymus vulgaris L (T. vulgaris) by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Methods: The shade dried leaves powder was extracted with methanol by using Soxhlet extractor. Methanol crude extracts of T. vulgaris and the derived fractions of hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and butanol were obtained. Results: Qualitative analyses of various organic crude extracts of T. vulgaris by using GC-MS showed that there were different types of high and low molecular weight compounds. Most of the isolated and identified compounds by GC-MS in the crude extracts are basically biologically important. Further, the T. vulgaris leaf possessed certain characteristics that can be ascribed to cultivation on a domestic plantation. The crude extracts were prepared from the powder leaves of T. vulgaris for respective compounds can be chosen on the basis of above GC-MS analysis. Conclusions: All the major compounds were identified and characterized by spectroscopic method in different organic crude extracts of T. vulgaris are biologically active molecules. Thus the identification of a good number of compounds in various crude extracts of T. vulgaris might have some ecological role.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312465

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To isolate and analyze the chemical composition in different crude extracts of from the leaves of locally grown of Thymus vulgaris L (T. vulgaris) by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The shade dried leaves powder was extracted with methanol by using Soxhlet extractor. Methanol crude extracts of T. vulgaris and the derived fractions of hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and butanol were obtained.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Qualitative analyses of various organic crude extracts of T. vulgaris by using GC-MS showed that there were different types of high and low molecular weight compounds. Most of the isolated and identified compounds by GC-MS in the crude extracts are basically biologically important. Further, the T. vulgaris leaf possessed certain characteristics that can be ascribed to cultivation on a domestic plantation. The crude extracts were prepared from the powder leaves of T. vulgaris for respective compounds can be chosen on the basis of above GC-MS analysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>All the major compounds were identified and characterized by spectroscopic method in different organic crude extracts of T. vulgaris are biologically active molecules. Thus the identification of a good number of compounds in various crude extracts of T. vulgaris might have some ecological role.</p>


Subject(s)
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Oman , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Thymus Plant , Chemistry
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL