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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932654

ABSTRACT

Glioma is the most common primary malignant brain tumor. Surgery combined with postoperative radiotherapy is the standard treatment, but the outcome is unsatisfactory. Currently, proton and carbon ion, the most advanced radiotherapy technology, offer substantial clinical advantages over the conventional photon therapy in multiple tumors. However, the effect of proton and carbon ion radiotherapy in glioma has not been clarified clearly. This article will elaborate on the basic research and clinical outcomes of proton and carbon ion radiotherapy for glioma.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status and influencing factors of polypharmacy burden in inpatient with elderly comorbidity.Methods:Convenience sampling method was used to select 393 in patients with elderly comorbidity of multiple medications who were hospitalized in North China University of Science and Technology Affiliated Hospital from September 2020 to January 2021 as the research object, using the general situation questionnaire, the Living with Medicines Questionnaire (LMQ), the Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS), the Medication Compliance Scale (Morisky Scale) to investigate. Descriptive analysis of general data characteristics and polypharmacy burden scores were performed, and t-test, variance analysis, and multiple linear stepwise regression analysis were used to analyze influencing factors. Results:The polypharmacy burden for inpatient with elderly comorbidity was (136.95 ± 22.34) points, and the score rate was 70.23%, which was at a moderately high level. Multi-factor analysis showed that age, education level, personal monthly income, the number of illnesses, the number of medications, the duration of medication, social support, and medication compliance were independent factors influencing polypharmacy burden in inpatient with elderly comorbidity ( R 2=0.821, adjusted R 2=0.818, F=220.65, P<0.001). Conclusions:The polypharmacy burden in inpatient with elderly comorbidity is at a moderately high level. It is recommended that medical staff should develop individualized nursing interventions to reduce the polypharmacy burden for the factors that affect the burden of multiple medications for this population.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930359

ABSTRACT

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a genetically heterogeneous group of connective tissue diseases that are commonly characterized by chronic joint synovial inflammation with unknown etiology in childhood.It is cu-rrently incurable and the main therapeutic goal is to achieve clinical remission.The drugs currently used to treat JIA mainly include non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoid, disease modifying antirheumatic drugs, and biological agents.In this article, recent advances in the understanding of JIA treatment and related clinical research were reviewed, in an attempt to provide prospects for the future direction of drug development and treatment concepts.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924036

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the status of pesticide residues in vegetables and fruits and the progress of risk assessment, and to provide data support for pesticide residue research, residents' dietary exposure risks and safety risk management. Methods Domestic and international literature and research data available are reviewed and analyzed. Results This article mainly reviews the literature on the investigation of current status of pesticide residues in vegetables and fruits. It also discusses several methods and models that have been widely employed in the dietary exposure risk assessment of pesticide residues worldwide. Conclusion Pesticide residues have been frequently reported in vegetables and fruits, mainly including organophosphorus, organochlorine, carbamate and pyrethroid pesticide residues. The relevant risk assessment results indicate that different groups of people, especially those with high exposure, have cumulative dietary exposure risks to pesticides in vegetables and fruits. Although most pesticide residues have been detected at low concentrations in vegetables and fruits, they have potential toxicity risks and require continuous attention.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876495

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate current status of obesity and its relationship with hypertension in the elderly over 65 in Fujian. Methods From February 2018 to March 2020, cluster sampling method was used to select 11 203 elderly people over 65 years old from residential areas and villages with concentrated population, representative medical and economic development level in Fujian, such as Fuzhou, Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Quanzhou, Sanming, Putian, Nanping, Longyan and Ningde. All the selected individuals completed the questionnaires, and the basic data including height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference and blood pressure were measured. Results Among the 11 203 elderly people over the age of 65 in 9 city, there were 5 224 males, 5 979 females, 4 545 patients aged 65-70 years, 3 239 patients aged 70-75 years, 2 200 patients aged 75-80 years, and 1219 patients aged > 80 years. There were 309 cases of low weight (2.76%), 4 971 cases of normal weight (44.37%), 4 362 cases of overweight (38.94%) and 1561 cases of obesity (13.93%). The obesity rate of females was significantly higher than that of males, and the height and overweight rates of males were significantly higher than that of females (P80 age group were lower than those of other age groups, and the detection rate of hypertension was significantly higher than that of other age groups (P<0.05). Conclusion Overweight is more common among the elderly over 65 in Fujian, and the prevalence of hypertension is relatively high among people with low BMI.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908457

ABSTRACT

In recent years, neoadjuvant therapy, which can reduce the tumor stage, increase the surgical resection rate and the proportion of radical resection, reduce the risk of tumor recurrence and metastasis thus bringing survival benefit for local advanced gastric cancer patients, plays increasingly important roles in the comprehensive treatment of gastric cancer. In China, the early diagnosis rate of gastric cancer is particularly low and most patients with gastric cancer are diagnosed as locally advanced. Therefore, it is of crucial importance to discuss the current status and challenges of neoadjuvant therapy in gastric cancer. Combined with the existing clinical research results and guidelines and consensus, the authors analyze the application of neoadjuvant therapy in the comprehensive treatment of gastric cancer. Currently, more high-quality clinical trials are still needed to answer the questions related to neoadjuvant therapy of gastric cancer, such as the indication and regimen, and the optimal cycles and doses of agents, combination of targeted therapy or immunotherapy. Furthermore, how to tailor the individualized treatment strategies according to the pathological stages, molecular characteristics and gene polymophism of patients are still the problems unsolved nowadays. The authors comprehensively analyze the literature at home and abroad to deeply explore the current status and challenges of neoadjuvant therapy in gastric cancer.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908417

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease and its complications are harmful to human health. In recent years, due to the rising living standards and the changing diet structure of Chinese people, the incidence rate of gastroesophageal reflux disease in China is on the rise, and the awareness of clinicians on these diseases gradually increased. Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery has become the main surgical method for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, and its curative effect has been widely recognized. At present, laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery for gastro-esophageal reflux disease has been carried out for more than 10 years in China, which has accumulated valuable experience and achieved rapid development, providing Chinese evidences for the academic community. Anti-reflux surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease in China is also facing challenges and opportunities. How to promote anti-reflux surgery comprehensively, train professional clinicians, and improve the surgical efficacy is an important research topic of anti-reflux surgery in China. Based on the literatures at home and abroad and team experience, the authors reviewe the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease anti-reflux surgery in China, and look forward to the future development direction.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908148

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of aged nursing assistants post competency under the regional linkage mechanism in the elderly and the impact on nursing staff post competency factors.Methods:In December 2019, in Baoshan district of Shanghai elderly regional linkage center, the 159 nursing staff from 8 medical institutions were selected by stratified cluster random sampling method and investigated by the post competency questionnaire.The post competency of nursing staff was evaluated from three dimensions of work attitude, work ability and communication adjustment.Results:A total of 157 elderly care workers participated in the survey, age was (50.9±5.4)years old. The total score of post competency was (73.21±14.26) points, which belonged to the general level. In three dimensions,the work attitude dimension scored the highest, (28.92±7.40) points, and the communication adjustment dimension score was the lowest, (21.08±6.41) points. Among the items, the item of "ethics" had the highest score, and the item of "resolving contradictions" had the lowest score. Single factor analysis showed that there were differences in job competency of aged nursing assistants with different educational levels, with or without work experience, length of service ( F values were 1.229, 0.068, t value was 1.147, all P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the work experience of senior care workers ( B value was 0.435, P<0.05), length of service ( B value was -1.792, P<0.05) were the factors that affected the competency of aged nursing assistants. Conclusions:The work attitude, basic knowledge, work enthusiasm, and basic care skills of elderly care workers in the district have been effectively supervised under the regional linkage mechanism for the elderly, but they are relatively weak in solving conflicts, communication skills, thinking skills, and listening skills. Therefore, the role of the regional linkage mechanism for the elderly should be strengthened to improve the job competence of the elderly care workers in the grass-roots medical institutions, thereby improving the service level of the elderly and improving the quality of elderly care.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913061

ABSTRACT

In the WHO new road map for neglected tropical diseases 2021—2030, the disease-specific targets are classified into control, elimination as a public health problem, elimination and eradication, and taeniasis and cysticercosis are targeted for control. The overall prevalence of taeniasis and cysticercosis is low in China, and varies remarkably in regions and populations; however, there are many challenges for elimination of taeniasis and cysticercosis in China. Based on previous taeniasis and cysticercosis control programs, developing a sensitive taeniasis and cysticercosis surveillance-response system, updating criteria for diagnosis of taeniasis and cysticercosis, proposing a national guideline for treatment of taeniasis and cysticercosis, and strengthening interdisciplinary and intersectoral communications and collaborations are urgently needed under the One Health concept.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886771

ABSTRACT

Food-borne parasitic diseases include meat-borne, fish-borne, plant-borne, water-borne, mollusk-borne and freshwater crustacean-borne parasitic diseases. The review summarizes the current status and control of 6 major food-borne parasitic diseases in China, including clonorchiasus, paragonimiasis, Taenia solium taeniasis, toxoplasmosis, trichinellosis and angiostrongyliasis, aiming to increase the understanding of food-borne parasitic diseases and provide insights into the development of the control strategy for food-borne parasitic diseases. The transmission of food-borne parasitic diseases are predominantly associated with diet, and neither eating raw nor semi-cooked food is the most effective measure to prevent the development of food-borne parasitic diseases.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934412

ABSTRACT

Objective:Proposed suggestions to improve the quality of investigator-initiated trials follow-up management under the normalization of COVID-19.Methods:Analyzed current status and challenges of follow-up management in China investigator initiated trial through a combination of literature review and previous work reflection, in the context of normalization of COVID-19.Results:Follow-up management of investigator initiated trial had shown variations in follow-up contents, methods, personnel and auxiliary tools. The insufficient research funding and lacking of professional clinical research team support have led to the challenges of low follow-up visits, insufficient follow-up personnel, lack of electronic follow-up platforms, and unknown follow-up time windows for investigator-initiated trials, which became more prominent in the context of COVID-19.Conclusions:In order to improve the quality of follow-up management during the normalization of COVID-19, appropriate amendment of the investigator-initiated trials follow up should be carefully considered. For instance, taking into account of the characteristics of the research disease, the main research endpoints, the content of the key indicators of the research key follow-up, follow-up methods, follow-up frequency, and follow-up tools to make sure the scientific validity and feasibility, as well as the mandate of clinical research related laws, regulations and ethical requirement. The possible amendments may include follow content, method, mode, frequency, time window. At the same time, re-consent or sufficient disclosure of information should be carried out with compliance of the updated protocols to assure the quality of clinical research follow up.

12.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1553-1558, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857591

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVEP: To provide a reference to improve the information disclosure of drug sampling and testing. METHODS: Through literature and information disclosure measures research, combined with examples, the historical evolution, disclosure form, disclosure status, and significance of the drug sampling and testing results disclosure in China was analyzed, suggestions was made. RESULTS: AND CONCLUSION: The disclosure of drug sampling and testing results are helpful to improve the government's credibility, protect the public's right to know, deter illegal enterprises and promote the improvement of drug quality. It is suggested that the drug regulatory department learn from the FDA's experience to improve the legal status of information disclosure, strengthen timeliness, transform results, monitor public opinion and remove the enterprise information from public environment after credit repair,and all circles of society correctly understand and rationally treat the information disclosure content, in order to improve the information disclosure of drug sampling and testing and promote the social co-construction and co-governance of drug quality and safety.

13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): E006-E006, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811556

ABSTRACT

Recently, the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) pneumonia outbroke in Wuhan and rapidly spread to all over China and even the world. Because of the strong infectivity and various clinical symptoms, it has brought certain difficulties to the epidemic prevention and control. Currently there is no specific drug for 2019-nCoV. Previous drugs used to treat other coronaviruses may be effective, but further clinical trials remain needed. We reviewed literature on the epidemiology, etiology, clinical manifestations, imaging manifestations, laboratory examination, diagnosis, complications, treatment and outcome of 2019-nCoV pneumonia.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the integration of medicine and exercise in China in rehabilitation therapists practitioners. Methods:From May to June, 2019, rehabilitation therapists in provincial and municipal medical institutions, health management centers and rehabilitation institutions nationwide were surveyed with Wenjuanxing online questionnaires, which included basic information, geographical distribution, nature of work units, occupational characteristics, educational background, years of working and awareness of exercise prescriptions. Results:A total of 2935 rehabilitation-related employees were involved, which included 1387 male and 1548 female in 31 provinces. In all the respondents, 1505 of them (51.28%) worked in tertiary hospitals and 1015 (34.58%) in secondary hospitals; 2182 (74.34%) worked on physical therapy, 947 (32.27%) on occupational therapy, 553 (18.84%) on speech therapy, 141 (4.80%) on rehabilitation engineering, and 846 (28.82%) on exercise rehabilitation; 2218 (75.57%) were with junior title and 592 (20.17%) with intermediate title; 24 (0.82%) were with secondary school education, 724 (24.67%) with junior college degree, 2011 (68.52%) with bachelor's degree, and 160 (5.99%) with master's degree or above; 785 (26.75%) fully understood, 1025 (34.92%) understood and 1009 (34.38%) basically understood the concept of exercise prescription. Conclusion:Rehabilitation therapy is widely spread in China, however, the geographical distribution is uneven. Rehabilitation related practitioners are diversified in professional direction, and full-time job is not top-notch. The level of education is generally low, and talent cultivation needs to be strengthened. The integration of medicine and exercise is developing, and exercise prescriptions are widely available. It is necessary to cultivate a considerable number of high-quality professionals to coordinate the integrated development of medicine and exercise, to improve the quality of rehabilitation services and promote the development of medicine and exercise integration.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837497

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of patients with hypertension complicated with heart failure in Shenyang, and to understand population characteristics and risk factors. Methods From January 2018 to December 2018, a large-scale random sampling survey was conducted in various districts and counties in Shenyang, Liaoning, to investigate the study subjects’ physical indicators and laboratory examination indicators through family visits using questionnaires. Results A total of 32 257 people were randomly sampled in Shenyang, with 32 140 valid questionnaires. The questionnaire validity rate was 99.63%. The prevalence of hypertension combined with heart failure was 9.14%, and the disease awareness rate of the patients was 41.46%. There were significant differences in the incidence rates of the patients with different gender, age, residence, occupation, BMI, abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes and family history of the disease (P<0.05), among which age, BMI, abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes and family history were risk factors for hypertension complicated with heart failure. There were statistically significant differences in disease awareness rates among people with different gender, age, residence, education level, occupation, BMI, abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes and family history (P<0.05). The disease awareness rate was mainly affected by gender, age, residence, education level and occupation. Conclusion The prevalence of hypertension complicated with heart failure in Shenyang is related to a variety of factors, among which age, BMI, abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes and family history of the disease were risk factors. The disease awareness rate of patients is also low. Therefore, reasonable and effective measures should be taken to reduce the incidence of the disease.

16.
Palliative Care Research ; : 221-226, 2020.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826019

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To clarify current status of nurses in support of children with parents with cancer in Akita Prefecture. Method: Questionnaire surveys were administered on nurses in Akita prefecture. Their experiences, educational backgrounds, and ability to recognize the need for support were examined. Descriptive statistics were used for the attributes, and chi-square test or Fisher’s exact Test or Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to examine the relationship between the support experience and the attributes (p<0.05). The contents of their open comments were then analyzed using a qualitative integration method. Results: Responses were obtained from 141 nurses at 10 facilities (collection rate: 43.9%). Of the 141 nurses, 135 (96%) recognized the necessity of support for children, and 28 (20%) already had experience supporting them. The contents of support were [direct support for children] [support for children through parents] [support through coordination and coordination with resources]. Most apparent difficulties in support were “Intervene for children” and “to have a connection with children”. Conclusion: The results indicate that nurses recognize that children need support. However, they lack experience in providing such support. It is necessary to enhance support by learning support methods and sharing information with other occupations. Support from parents is important when children cannot be met.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818737

ABSTRACT

Jiangxi Province was once one of schistosomiasis heavy endemic provinces in China. Thanks for more than 60 years’ unremitting effort, great achievements have been obtained in schistosomiasis control in this province. This paper reviews the control history of schistosomiasis, and demonstrates the current epidemic situation of the disease in Jiangxi Province, and its contribution to national schistosomiasis control achievements. The difficulties and challenges of schistosomiasis elimination in this province are analyzed and the countermeasures are also put forward accordingly.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810675

ABSTRACT

Neoadjuvant chemoradiation has been accepted as a standard of care for local advanced middle to low rectal cancer. Patients with clinical complete response (cCR) or near cCR following neoadjuvant chemoradiation may benefit from watch and wait strategy or organ-preserving surgery with good short- and long-term outcome and quality of life (QOL). Yet the criteria of cCR varies and cCR is not consistent with pCR. Therefore, the obstacle to the strategy lies on whether its failure can be salvaged and the complexity of follow-up. Available studies demonstrated that local recurrence or regrowth can be salvaged by surgery without compromising the survival. So, the key is appropriate follow-up schedule and timely salvage. The strategy has not drawn much attention until recently, and relevant studies go slowly because of low data availability, patient awareness, and peer acceptance. We still believe that more and more patients might benefit from this strategy, along with the increasing attention of QOL from the patients. That may be obtained through screening of the right patients and optimizing treatment modality, evaluation methods, and protocol of follow-up.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2096-2104, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802855

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Dermoscopy is a useful technique for improving the diagnostic accuracy of various types of skin disorders. In China, dermoscopy has been widely accepted, and domestic researchers have made tremendous progress in the field of dermoscopy. The main purpose of this review is to summarize the current status of dermoscopy in China and identify its future directions.@*Data sources@#Articles included in this review were obtained by searching the following databases: Wanfang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, PubMed, and the Web of Science. We focused on research published before 2019 with keywords including dermoscopy, dermoscopic, dermoscope and trichoscopy.@*Study selection@#A total of 50 studies were selected. Of these studies, 20 studies were in Chinese and 30 in English, research samples of all the studies were collected from Chinese populations.@*Results@#Since 2000, more than 380 articles about dermoscopy have been published in domestic or foreign journals. Dermoscopy can improve the diagnostic accuracy of neoplastic diseases, evaluating the therapeutic effect of treatment, and determining the treatment endpoint, and it can also assist in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory diseases and in the assessment of the severity of the disease. In addition, researches about the applications of dermoscopy during surgical treatment have been published. Training courses aiming to improve the diagnostic ability of dermatologists, either face-to-face or online, have been offered. The Chinese Skin Image Database, launched in 2017 as a work platform for dermatologists, has promoted the development of dermoscopy in China. Computer-aided diagnostic systems based on the Chinese population are ready for use. In the future, cooperation, resource sharing, talent development, image management, and computer-aided diagnosis will be important directions for the development of dermoscopy in China.@*Conclusion@#Dermoscopy has been widely used and developed in China, however, it still needs to address more challenges in the future.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753462

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current status and characteristics of the immersion experience of medical students and related influencing factors. Methods The stratified random sampling method was used to conduct a survey using an immersion experience questionnaire among 732 medical students in a full-time university. Epidata 3.1 software was used for data double entry and management, and SPSS 19.0 statistical software was used for data processing and statistical analysis. The questionnaire internal consistency reliability test was used to assess the validity of the questionnaire and a logistic regression analysis was used to identify the influencing factors for the immersion experience of medical students. Results Learning immersion experience was at a moderate level among the medical students (3.13±0.64). Level of performance (OR=1.177, 95%CI=0.988-1.402), degree of satisfaction with learning (OR=1.674, 95% CI=1.341-2.089), and professional interest (OR=2.153, 95%CI=1 . 776-2 . 610 ) were the positive influencing factors for learning immersion (P<0.05) and were positively correlated with learning immersion experience . Grade , source of origin , duty , learning stress , school satisfaction, and life satisfaction had no influence on learning immersion experience (P>0.05). Conclusion Learning immersion experience is at a moderate level among medical students. Improvement of medical students' performance, learning satisfaction,and professional interest helps to improve their immersion experience. Strengthening the attention to work immersion and enhancing learning immersion experience among medical students are beneficial to medical student education and cultivation of qualified medical talents.

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