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Coluna/Columna ; 21(1): e253789, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364773


ABSTRACT Introduction: Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody that binds to the receptor activator of nuclear factor kB (RANKL), it is used in the treatment of Osteoporosis. The Giant Cell Tumor (GCT) and the Aneurysmal Bone Cyst (ABC) use the same RANKL, and for this reason this drug began to be used for its treatment. There is consensus on the use, dose-time and 12-month duration for Denosumab treatment of GCT. Not so for ABC. In unresectable, disabling or recurrent tumors, its use could be for life. The adverse events of the habitual use of the drug are known, but it is not known if these increase with time. The objective of the present work is to identify the possible adverse events of treatment with Denosumab for more than 12 months. Material and Method: Series of cases with a diagnosis of GCT or ABC in spine, treated with Denosumab for more than 12 months. Adverse events are: arthralgia, fatigue, spinal pain, pain in extremities, headache, hypokalaemia, hypocalcemia, osteonecrosis of the jaw, malignant transformation, pathological fractures. Results: Eight patients, 6 TCG and 2 ABC, with a mean age at diagnosis of 25,6 years; presenting a mean treatment of 4.18 years (range 1.7 - 8.7). Of 6 operated patients, 4 had recurrence (2 to 36 months after surgery). One patient had to suspend treatment due to necrosis of the jaw, another hypocalcemia, both returned to treatment when stabilized. Conclusions: A minor adverse event (hypocalcemia) and a major adverse event (jaw bone necrosis) were observed. Level of Evidence IV; Original.

RESUMO Introdução: O denosumab é um anticorpo monoclonal humano que se liga ao receptor ativador do fator nuclear kB (RANKL), sendo utilizado no tratamento da Osteoporose. O Tumor de Células Gigantes (TCG) e o Cisto Ósseo Aneurismático (CAO) utilizam o mesmo RANKL, por isso esse medicamento passou a ser utilizado para seu tratamento. Há consenso sobre o uso, o tempo de dosagem e a duração de 12 meses para o tratamento com Denosumabe de TCG. Não é assim para CAO. Em tumores irressecáveis, incapacitantes ou recorrentes, seu uso pode ser vitalício. Os eventos adversos do uso habitual do medicamento são conhecidos, mas não se sabe se aumentam com o tempo. O objetivo do presente trabalho é identificar os possíveis eventos adversos do tratamento com Denosumabe por mais de 12 meses. Material e Método: Série de casos com diagnóstico de TCG ou CAO na coluna, tratados com Denosumabe por mais de 12 meses. Os eventos adversos são: artralgia, fadiga, dor na coluna, dor nas extremidades, cefaleia, hipocalemia, hipocalcemia, osteonecrose da mandíbula, transformação maligna, fraturas patológicas. Resultados: Oito pacientes, 6 TCG e 2 LRA, com média de idade ao diagnóstico de 25,6 anos; apresentando um tratamento médio de 4,18 anos (variação 1,7 - 8,7). Dos 6 pacientes operados, 4 tiveram recorrência (2 a 36 meses após a cirurgia). Um paciente teve que suspender o tratamento por necrose da mandíbula, outro hipocalcemia, ambos voltaram ao tratamento quando estabilizados. Conclusões: Um evento adverso menor (hipocalcemia) e um evento adverso maior (necrose óssea da mandíbula) foram observados. Nível de Evidência IV; Original.

RESUMEN Introducción: El Denosumab es un anticuerpo humano monoclonal que se une al receptor activador del factor nuclear kB (RANKL), se lo utiliza en el tratamiento de Osteoporosis. El Tumor de Células Gigantes (TCG) y el Quiste Óseo Aneurismático (QOA), utilizan los mismos RANKL, y por ello se comenzó a utilizar esta droga para su tratamiento. Existe consenso en la utilización, dosis-tiempo y 12 meses de duración para el tratamiento con Denosumab del TCG. No así para el QOA. En tumores irresecables, incapacitantes o con recidiva, su uso podría ser de por vida. Se conocen los eventos adversos de la utilización habitual de la droga, pero no se sabe si estas aumentan con relación al tiempo. El objetivo del presente trabajo, es identificar los posibles eventos adversos del tratamiento con Denosumab por más de 12 meses. Material y Método: Serie de casos con diagnóstico de TCG o QOA de columna, tratados con Denosumab por más de 12 meses. Los eventos adversos son: artralgias, fatiga, raquialgia, dolor en extremidades, cefalea, hipopotasemia, hipocalcemia, osteonecrosis de mandíbula, transformación maligna, fractura patológica. Resultados: Ocho pacientes, 6 TCG y 2 QOA, con promedio de edad al diagnóstico de 25,6 años; presentando una media de tratamiento de 4.18 años (rango 1,7 - 8,7). De 6 pacientes operados, 4 presentaron recidiva (2 a 36 meses después de la cirugía). Un paciente se debió suspender el tratamiento al presentar una necrosis de mandíbula, otro hipocalcemia, ambos retornaron al tratamiento al estabilizarse. Conclusiones: Se observa un evento adverso menor (hipocalcemia) y un evento adverso mayor (necrosis ósea de mandíbula). Nivel de Evidencia IV; Original.

Autops. Case Rep ; 12: e2021361, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360149


Cervical thymic cysts are relatively rare benign cystic lesions that tend to be diagnosed clinically as branchial cysts, which usually present as painless, enlarging neck masses. They can occur anywhere along the normal path of descent of thymic primordia from the angle of the mandible to the sternal notch, with mediastinal extension observed in approximately 50% of cases. They are usually seen in the first decade of life on the left side with a male predominance. Here we report a case of a 15-year-old boy who presented to the hospital with left-sided neck swelling for about 2 months. The neck's contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) revealed a large, well-defined cystic swelling in the left neck region, showing peripheral enhancement, seen from the submandibular region to the superior mediastinum extending into the retrosternal region. Direct fine needle aspiration (FNA) was done, which showed a benign lesion with inflammatory and cystic characteristics, leading to the possibility of a branchial cyst. The cyst was completely excised surgically. Histopathology showed a thymic cyst with parathyroid tissue. The presence of thymic tissue with Hassall's corpuscles is essential for the diagnosis. Knowledge of the clinical presentation, cyto-histological findings, and differential diagnosis of cystic cervical lesions in the pediatric population is important to diagnose this rare entity. Hence, though uncommon, when one comes across a cystic cervical region mass in children, a diagnosis of cervical thymic cyst should be kept in mind. Nonetheless, a definitive diagnosis depends on imaging findings as well as intraoperative findings and histopathological examination.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Mediastinal Cyst/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Diagnosis, Differential
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 129-134, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357598


La posibilidad de encontrar una neoplasia benigna o maligna del ovario, de forma inesperada durante una intervención quirúrgica abdominal, es una realidad para todos los especialistas en cirugía. Si bien en muchos casos se tratará de una lesión benigna, el riesgo de cáncer no debe subestimarse, ya que, por ejemplo, la ruptura intraoperatoria de una lesión quística maligna puede reestadificar a una paciente con cáncer de ovario del estadio IA al IC, con todas las consecuencias que esto implica, como la necesidad de requerir quimioterapia adyuvante y tener un peor pronóstico. Por otro lado, en mujeres premenopáusicas debe discutirse con la familia o la paciente (idealmente) el riesgo e implicaciones de la ooforectomía uni o bilateral, incluso si esto amerita dejar el quirófano para obtener el consentimiento, o posponer el procedimiento definitivo para un segundo tiempo. La consulta intraoperatoria a un ginecólogo, siempre que sea posible, se debe llevar a cabo con el fin de respaldar la conducta adoptada. Conocer el manejo adecuado de las masas anexiales encontradas de forma incidental durante una cirugía abdominal, es una prioridad para todos los cirujanos generales.

The possibility of finding a benign or malignant neoplasm of the ovary unexpectedly during abdominal surgery is a reality for all specialists in surgery. Although in many cases it will be a benign lesion, the risk of cancer should not be underestimated, since, for example, the intraoperative rupture of a malignant cystic lesion may well re-stage a patient with ovarian cancer from stage IA to IC, with the consequences that this implies, such as the need for adjuvant chemotherapy and a worse prognosis. On the other hand, in premenopausal women, the risk and implications of unilateral or bilateral oophorectomy should be discussed with the family or the patient (ideally), even if this implies leaving the operating room to obtain consent, or postponing the definitive procedure for a second time. Intraoperative consultation with a gynecologist, whenever possible, should be carried out in order to support the adopted behavior. Knowing the proper management of adnexal masses found incidentally during abdominal surgery is a priority for all general surgeons.

Humans , Ovarian Cysts , Ovarian Neoplasms , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Krukenberg Tumor , Incidental Findings
J. res. dent ; 9(3): 8-11, sep.-dec2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358578


An idiopathic bone cavity (IBC) tends to rise as an abnormality in osseous growth, a degenerating tumoral process, or triggered by hemorrhagic trauma. This paper describes the interpretation of an IBC and its progression over one year. The patient's initial radiographic images showed well-defined multilocular radiolucency located at the right mandibular molar region, extending between the teeth and the mandibular basis. No clinical symptoms were present, and the course of the mandibular canal was not altered. The lesion was not initially biopsied due to the patient's dental anxiety. Over one year, the radiolucent area extended anteriorly and thinned the lingual and buccal cortices. Prior radiolucent areas changed to granular-appearing bone. The diagnosis was based on a fine-needle aspiration biopsy. The appearance of an IBC is not unique; its benign nature should be differentiated from multilocular or fibro-osseous lesions by a careful interpretation of clinical and radiological perspectives.

Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 467-470, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356956


RESUMEN La hidatidosis cervical es una enfermedad poco frecuente aun en áreas endémicas. Suele presentarse como una lesión quística indolora de lenta evolución. Se presenta un caso clínico de una paciente femenina de 19 años con una lesión quística en el compartimento cervical central, inicialmente interpretada como un quiste tirogloso. El diagnóstico debe ser sospechado ante epidemiología compatible, el método de imágenes de elección es la ecografía. En localizaciones extrahepáticas los métodos serológicos tienen baja sensibilidad. El tratamiento de elección es la cirugía, realizando tratamiento perioperatorio con albendazol. Debe manipularse el quiste con cuidado para evitar su rotura y el derrame de contenido líquido, por riesgo de reacción anafiláctica, recurrencia e hidatidosis múltiple. En pacientes con alto riesgo quirúrgico puede optarse por realizar tratamiento médico con albendazol.

ABSTRACT Cervical echinococcosis is a rare disease, even in endemic areas. The lesions usually present as painless slow-growing cystic lesion. We report the case of a 19-year-old female patient with a cystic lesion in the central cervical region that was initially interpreted as a thyroglossal duct cyst. The diagnosis should be suspected when the epidemiology is consistent, and ultrasound is the imaging method of choice. The sensitivity of serologic tests is low in extrahepatic locations. Surgery is the treatment of choice and the administration of albendalzole before surgery is indicated. The cyst must be handled with care to avoid rupture and leakage of cyst contents, which can cause anaphylaxis, recurrence and multiple echinococcosis. In patients with high surgical risk, medical treatment alone may be the option.

Humans , Female , Adult , Thyroglossal Cyst , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Echinococcosis/diagnostic imaging , Serologic Tests , Albendazole , Disease , Sensitivity and Specificity , Diagnosis , Echinococcosis , Anaphylaxis
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 74-82, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345513


Abstract The Inhibitor of Growth (ING) gene family is a group of tumor suppressor genes that play important roles in cell cycle control, senescence, DNA repair, cell proliferation, and apoptosis. However, inactivation and downregulation of these proteins have been related in some neoplasms. The present study aimed to evaluate the immunohistochemical profiles of ING3 and ING4 proteins in a series of benign epithelial odontogenic lesions. Methods: The sample comprised of 20 odontogenic keratocysts (OKC), 20 ameloblastomas (AM), and 15 adenomatoid odontogenic tumors (AOT) specimens. Nuclear and cytoplasmic immunolabeling of ING3 and ING4 were semi-quantitatively evaluated in epithelial cells of the odontogenic lesions, according to the percentage of immunolabelled cells in each case. Descriptive and statistics analysis were computed, and the p-value was set at 0.05. Results: No statistically significant differences were found in cytoplasmic and nuclear ING3 immunolabeling among the studied lesions. In contrast, AOTs presented higher cytoplasmic and nuclear ING4 labeling compared to AMs (cytoplasmic p-value = 0.01; nuclear p-value < 0.001) and OKCs (nuclear p-value = 0.007). Conclusion: ING3 and ING4 protein downregulation may play an important role in the initiation and progression of more aggressive odontogenic lesions, such as AMs and OKCs.

Resumo Objetivos: A família dos Genes Inibidores de Crescimento (ING) é um grupo de genes supressores tumorais que desempenham papéis importantes no controle do ciclo celular, na senescência, no reparo do DNA, na proliferação celular e na apoptose. No entanto, a inativação e a regulação negativa dessas proteínas têm sido relacionadas em algumas neoplasias. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o perfil imuno-histoquímico das proteínas ING3 e ING4 em uma série de lesões odontogênicas epiteliais benignas. Métodos: A amostra foi composta por espécimes de 20 ceratocistos odontogênicos (CO), 20 ameloblastomas (AM) e 15 tumores odontogênicos adenomatoides (TOA). A imunoexpressão nuclear e citoplasmática de ING3 e ING4 foram avaliadas semi-quantitativamente nas células epiteliais das lesões odontogênicas, de acordo com a porcentagem de células imunomarcadas em cada caso. As análises descritivas e estatísticas foram computadas, e o valor de p estabelecido foi de 0,05. Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas na imunoexpressão citoplasmática e nuclear de ING3 entre as lesões estudadas. Em contrapartida, os TOAs apresentaram maior marcação citoplasmática e nuclear de ING4 em comparação aos AMs (valor de p citoplasmático=0,01; valor de p nuclear <0,001) e COs (valor nuclear de p=0,007). Conclusão: A regulação negativa das proteínas ING3 e ING4 pode desempenhar um papel importante na iniciação e na progressão de lesões odontogênicas mais agressivas, como AMs e COs.

Humans , Ameloblastoma , Odontogenic Cysts , Odontogenic Tumors , Homeodomain Proteins , Cell Cycle Proteins , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Cell Proliferation
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-5, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284513


Epidermoid cyst is a type of cutaneous cyst commonly found in daily practice. The facial area is the most common area for emergence of this benign condition. Simple extirpation is usually performed to remove epidermoid cysts. However, in rare cases, epidermoid cysts can evolve into malignancies such as basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or can mimic them, which adds difficulty when making a proper diagnosis. In cases of doubt, histopathology plays a key role in aiding diagnosis. This case report is about a 33-year-old woman with suspected nodular lesion that mimicked BCC, but after histopathological analysis was confirmed to be epidermoid cyst

El quiste epidermoide es un tipo de quiste cutáneo que se encuentra frecuentemente en la práctica diaria. El área facial es el área más común para la aparición de esta lesión benigna. La extirpación quirúrgica simple es el procedimiento habitual para eliminar los quistes epidermoides. Sin embargo, en casos raros, los quistes epidermoides pueden evolucionar en neoplasias malignas como el carcinoma basocelular (CCB) o pueden imitarlos, lo que añade dificultad al hacer un diagnóstico adecuado. En caso de duda, la histopatología desempeña un papel clave en la ayuda al diagnóstico. Este informe de caso trata sobre una mujer de 33 años con sospecha de lesión nodular que imitaba el CCB, pero después de que se confirmó con el análisis histopatológico, que se trataba de un quiste epidermoide.

Humans , Female , Adult , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Epidermal Cyst/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidermal Cyst/surgery
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 263-267, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251353


Abstract Simple bone cysts rarely occur in the scapula, and, to our knowledge, they have not been reported in the acromion. In the present report, we present the case of a 24-year-old female patient who was successfully treated by curettage and grafting using xenografting. No recurrence findings were observed during the follow-up six months postoperatively, the patient had recovered full range of motion, and she was able to perform all routine activities satisfactorily.

Resumo Cistos ósseos simples são raros na escápula, e, pelo que sabemos, não foram relatados no acrômio. Aqui, apresentamos uma paciente do sexo feminino, de 24 anos, submetida com sucesso ao tratamento composto por curetagem e xenoenxerto. Não foram observados achados de recidiva no acompanhamento pós-operatório de seis meses, quando a paciente apresentou amplitude total de movimento e foi capaz de realizar todas as atividades rotineiras de maneira satisfatória.

Humans , Female , Adult , Scapula/injuries , Acromion/injuries , Bone Cysts/surgery , Bone Cysts/radiotherapy
Acta ortop. bras ; 29(2): 101-104, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248603


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the cure rate for dorsal synovial cysts of the wrist with aspiration and percutaneous sclerotherapy using 75% hypertonic glucose. Methods: We enrolled 45 patients older than 18 years with untreated dorsal synovial cysts of the wrist. They underwent percutaneous aspiration and sclerotherapy with 75% hypertonic glucose 75%. A maximum of two procedures were conducted for each cyst at a 4-week interval. We analyzed age, sex, affected side, history of previous trauma, wrist goniometry, grip strength, wrist pain by the visual analogue scale, complications, and hand function questionnaire scores. Results: We evaluated 45 patients (30 female, 15 male, mean age 38.2 years with 47 cysts). Four weeks after the first procedure, 72.3% cysts were palpable and visible. At 24 weeks after the first procedure, 57.4% cysts evolved to cure and 42.6% persisted. Conclusion: Treatment of dorsal synovial cyst of the wrist with aspiration and percutaneous sclerotherapy using 75% hypertonic glucose achieved a 57.4% cure rate after 24 weeks. Level of Evidence IV, Case series

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o índice de cura do cisto sinovial dorsal do punho, com aspiração e escleroterapia percutânea utilizando glicose hipertônica 75%. Métodos: Foram selecionados pacientes maiores de 18 anos, portadores de cisto sinovial dorsal do punho, sem tratamento prévio. Foram submetidos a aspiração e escleroterapia percutânea com glicose hipertônica 75%. Foi realizado no máximo dois procedimentos em cada cisto, em um intervalo de 4 semanas. Foram analisados idade, gênero, lado acometido, história de trauma prévio, goniometria, força de preensão, dor no punho pela escala visual analógica, complicações e os escores dos questionários funcionais. Resultados: Foram avaliados 45 pacientes com 47 cistos, houve perda de seguimento de 3 pacientes (3 cistos). A média de idade foi de 38,2 anos. Na quarta semana após o primeiro procedimento, tivemos cura em 23,4% cistos, 4,3% cistos apresentavam-se palpáveis porém não visíveis e 72,3% cistos se apresentavam palpáveis e visíveis. Os cistos visíveis e palpáveis foram submetidos ao segundo procedimento. Após 24 semanas do primeiro procedimento, 57,4% cistos foram curados e 42,6% cistos apresentaram persistência. Conclusão: O tratamento do cisto sinovial dorsal do punho com escleroterapia percutânea utilizando Glicose Hipertônica 75%, proporcionou cura de 57,4% após 24 semanas. Nível de Evidência IV, Série de casos

J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 83-86, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286972


Abstract Objective Orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst is a rare developmental odontogenic cyst of the jaws. It is a less aggressive intraosseous cyst identified by an orthokeratinized epithelium. Case Report A 50-year-old male patient with the chief complaint of swelling in the anterior part of his face, and, intraorally, there was diffuse swelling in the palatal cortex. On panoramic radiography, there was a well-defined unilocular radiolucency on the right side of the maxilla and palatal cortical expansion, and thinning of the buccal and palatal cortexes was observed. The histopathological examination revealed a pathologic cyst that was lined by a thick orthokeratinized epithelium. Therefore, the diagnosis was orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst. Conclusion The orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst displays characteristic clinical, histopathological, and biological features that differ significantly from those of keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT), but it has a better prognosis and lower recurrence rate. Thus, other radiolucent lesions of the jaws, including keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT), must be considered in the differential diagnosis.

Resumo Objetivo O cisto odontogênico ortoceratinizado é um raro cisto odontogênico maxilar. É um cisto intraósseo menos agressivo, identificado por um epitélio ortoceratinizado. Relato de caso Um paciente do sexo masculino, de 50 anos de idade, com queixa principal de edema na parte anterior da face, e, intraoralmente, havia edema difuso no córtex palatal. Na radiografia panorâmica, havia uma radioluminescência unilocular bem definida no lado direito da maxila e expansão cortical palatina, e desbastamento dos córtex vestibular e palatino. O exame histopatológico revelou cisto patológico revestido por espesso epitélio ortoceratinizado. Logo, o dignóstico foi de cisto odontogênico ortoceratinizado. Conclusão O cisto odontogênico ortoceratinizado apresenta características clínicas, histopatológicas e biológicas que diferem significativamente das do tumor odontogênico ceratocístico (TOC), mas tem melhor prognóstico e menor taxa de recorrência. Portanto, outras lesões radiolúcidas dos maxilares, incluindo TOC, devem ser consideradas no diagnóstico diferencial.

Humans , Male , Female , Odontogenic Cysts/diagnosis , Odontogenic Cysts/physiopathology , Jaw/injuries , Mandibular Diseases/diagnosis , Maxillary Diseases/diagnosis
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 114-117, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288651


Abstract Arachnoid cysts are rare; they can occur at all levels of the dural sac, and can have a congenital, traumatic, iatrogenic or inflammatory origin. In the present article, we report a patient presenting a compressive thoracic myelopathy due to an unusual intradural arachnoid cyst with posttraumatic manifestation and its resolution, in addition to a literature review on the subject. These cysts mainly occur at the thoracic spine, followed by the lumbar, lumbosacral and thoracolumbar spines. Traumatic cysts are caused by an injury to the inner dural layer. These lesions produce neurological deficits through a mass effect on the spinal cord. Concomitant compressive myelopathy is even rarer. In case of myelopathy, cyst resection or drainage is the treatment of choice, and it must be performed immediately. Although rare, arachnoid cysts can be a complication of spine fractures; as such, orthopedists and neurosurgeons, who commonly see these injuries, must be prepared for this unusual situation.

Resumo Cistos aracnóides são raros, podem ocorrer em todos os níveis do saco dural, e sua origem pode ser congênita, traumática, iatrogênica ou inflamatória. Neste artigo, relatamos o caso de uma paciente com mielopatia torácica compressiva decorrente de um cisto aracnóide intradural incomum, de manifestação pós-traumática, assim como sua resolução, além de realizar revisão da literatura sobre o tema. A principal localização é na coluna torácica, seguida das colunas lombar, lombossacra e toracolombar. O cisto com origem traumática é causado por lesão da camada interna da dura-máter. Essas lesões produzem déficit neurológico por meio de efeito de massa sobre a medula espinhal. A existência de mielopatia compressiva associada é mais rara ainda. A ressecção ou drenagem dos cistos na vigência de mielopatia deve ser imediata, sendo o tratamento de escolha. Apesar de raros, podem ser uma complicação de fraturas da coluna vertebral que são muito comuns na prática de ortopedistas e neurocirurgiões, que devem estar preparados para essa situação incomum.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Spinal Cord Compression , Spinal Cord Injuries , Arachnoid Cysts
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 16-25, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180723


Abstract The aim of this study was to assess and compare RANK, RANKL, and OPG immunoexpression in dentigerous cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, and ameloblastoma. The protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42018105543). Seven databases (Embase, Lilacs, LIVIVO, PubMed, Scopus, SciELO, and Web of Science) were the primary search sources and two databases (Open Grey and Open Thesis) partially captured the "grey literature". Only cross sectional studies were included. The JBI Checklist assessed the risk of bias. A meta-analysis with random effects model estimated the values from the OPG and RANKL ratio reported by the individual studies and respective 95% confidence intervals. The heterogeneity among studies was assessed with I2 statistics. Only nine studies met the inclusion criteria and were considered in the analyses. The studies were published from 2008 to 2018. Two studies presented low risk of bias, while seven studies presented moderate risk. The meta-analysis showed the highest OPG>RANKL ratio for dentigerous cyst (ES=43.3%; 95% CI=14.3-74.8) and odontogenic keratocyst (ES=36.8%; 95% CI=18.8-56.7). In contrast, the highest OPG<RANKL ratio was found for ameloblastoma (ES=73.4%; 95% CI=55.4-88.4) and it was higher in the stromal region compared to the odontogenic epithelial region. The results may explain the aggressive potential of ameloblastoma from the higher OPG<RANKL ratio in this tumor, while it was lower for dentigerous cyst and odontogenic keratocyst.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar e comparar a imunoexpressão de RANK, RANKL e OPG em cisto dentígero, ceratocisto odontogênico e ameloblastoma. O protocolo foi registrado no PROSPERO (CRD [Oculto]). Sete bancos de dados (Embase, Lilacs, LIVIVO, PubMed, Scopus, SciELO e Web of Science) foram as principais fontes de pesquisa e duas bases de dados (Open Grey e Open Thesis) capturaram parcialmente a "literatura cinza". Apenas estudos transversais foram incluídos. A ferramenta JBI avaliou o risco de viés. Uma metanálise com modelo de efeitos aleatórios estimou os valores da razão OPG e RANKL relatados pelos estudos individuais e seus respectivos intervalos de confiança de 95%. A heterogeneidade entre os estudos foi avaliada por meio do teste I2. Apenas nove estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão e foram considerados nas análises. Os estudos foram publicados entre 2008 e 2018. Dois estudos apresentaram baixo risco de viés, enquanto sete estudos apresentaram risco moderado. A meta-análise mostrou a maior razão OPG> RANKL para cisto dentígero (ES=43,3%; IC95%=14,3-74,8) e ceratocisto odontogênico (ES=36,8%; IC95%=18,8-56,7). Por outro lado, a maior razão OPG <RANKL foi encontrada para ameloblastoma (ES=73,4%; IC95%=55,4-88,4) e foi maior na região estromal em comparação com a região epitelial odontogênica. Os resultados podem explicar o potencial agressivo do ameloblastoma devido a uma maior proporção OPG <RANKL nesse tumor, enquanto tal proporção foi menor no cisto dentígero e no ceratocisto odontogênico.

Humans , Ameloblastoma , Dentigerous Cyst , Odontogenic Cysts , Odontogenic Tumors , Cross-Sectional Studies
Radiol. bras ; 54(1): 49-55, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155224


Abstract Intracranial cystic lesions are common findings on neuroimaging examinations, arachnoid cysts being the most common type of such lesions. However, various lesions of congenital, infectious, or vascular origin can present with cysts. In this pictorial essay, we illustrate the main causes of non-neoplastic intracranial cystic lesions, discussing their possible differential diagnoses as well as their most relevant imaging aspects.

Resumo Lesões císticas intracranianas são achados comuns nos exames de neuroimagem, sendo os cistos aracnoides os mais comuns. Porém, muitas outras lesões, de origem congênita, infecciosa e vascular, podem se apresentar com cistos. Neste ensaio ilustramos as principais causas de lesões císticas intracranianas não neoplásicas, discutindo seus possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais, bem como seus aspectos de imagem mais relevantes.

Femina ; 49(2): 115-120, 20210228. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224068


Este trabalho buscou reunir dados essenciais sobre as etiologias de dor pélvica aguda, uma queixa constante nos serviços de emergências e ambulatórios de ginecologia, responsável por grande desconforto e impacto na qualidade de vida de pacientes mulheres. É uma condição laboriosa por causa de seu amplo espectro de causas, devendo ser abordada com cuidado e atenção pelo profissional médico, o qual deve considerar os diversos diagnósticos diferenciais, sendo a ultrassonografia o exame de maior importância para auxiliar em seu diagnóstico. As principais etiologias não obstétricas podem ser não ginecológicas e ginecológicas; essas últimas são divididas em anexiais e uterinas. Entre as causas ginecológicas, devem- -se investigar cistos ovarianos, torções anexiais, leiomiomas, doença inflamatória pélvica, abscesso tubo-ovariano, dismenorreia e complicações de dispositivos intrauterinos. A maioria das causas tem tratamento eficaz, com retorno da função do órgão e melhora da qualidade de vida, sem complicações, especialmente se diagnosticada precocemente.(AU)

The aim of this study was to gather important data on acute pelvic pain etiologies, a usual complaint in the emergency services and gynecology outpatient clinics, responsible for great discomfort and impact on quality of life in female patients. It is a laborious condition due to its wide spectrum of causes, which needs to be approached with attention by the physician, who must consider all the possible diagnoses, being the ultrasonography the most important exam to detect it. The main non-obstetric etiologies can be non-gynecological and gynecological, which are separated in adnexal and uterine causes. Among the gynecological causes, ovarian cysts, adnexal torsions, leiomyomas, pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian tube abscess, dysmenorrhea and complications of intrauterine devices should be investigated. Most causes can be effectively treated, with return of organ function and improved quality of life, without complications, especially if diagnosed early.(AU)

Humans , Female , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Acute Pain/etiology , Ovarian Cysts/complications , Databases, Bibliographic , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/complications , Pelvic Pain/diagnosis , Pelvic Pain/diagnostic imaging , Abscess/complications , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Ovarian Torsion/complications , Intrauterine Devices/adverse effects , Leiomyoma/complications
Rev. Fac. Med. Hum ; 21(1): 217-221, Ene.-Mar. 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147409


Las malformaciones pulmonares comprenden distintas anomalías del sistema respiratorio, entre ellas la malformación congénita de la vía aérea pulmonar (MCVAP), antes conocida como malformación adenomatosa quística, que es una enfermedad rara con una incidencia de 1 por 8 300 a 35 000 nacidos vivos. Se ha descrito cinco patrones de clasificación de acuerdo al número y tamaño de quiste, además de sus características histológicas, siendo la MCVAP tipo 1 la más frecuente, presenta desplazamiento de estructuras adyacentes según tamaño, asociados a carcinoma broquioalveolar, y de buen pronóstico tras resección quirúrgica. Presentamos el caso, de una paciente de sexo femenino de cuatro años de edad con hospitalizaciones recurrentes por neumonía y síndrome obstructivo bronquial. La acuciosa anamnesis y examen físico complementando con la radiografía de tórax y tomografía permitió la sospecha diagnóstica. Posteriormente la paciente fue intervenida quirúrgicamente, no se presentaron complicaciones y los síntomas respiratorios desaparecieron. El estudio histopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico.

Pulmonary malformations include different abnormalities of the respiratory system, including congenital pulmonary airway malformation (MCVAP), formerly known as cystic adenomatous malformation, which is a rare disease with an incidence of 1 in 8,300 to 35,000 live births. Five classification patterns have been described according to the number and size of the cyst, in addition to their histological characteristics, with type 1 MCVAP being the most frequent, showing displacement of adjacent structures according to size, associated with brochioalveolar carcinoma, and good prognosis after resection surgical. We present the case of a four-year-old female patient with recurrent hospitalizations for pneumonia and bronchial obstructive syndrome. The thorough anamnesis and physical examination supplemented with the chest x-ray and tomography allowed the diagnosis to be suspected. Later, the patient underwent surgery, there were no complications and the respiratory symptoms disappeared. The histopathological study confirmed the diagnosis.

Rev. estomatol. Hered ; 31(1): 60-65, ene-mar 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251768


RESUMEN El quiste residual es el resultado de un tejido inflamatorio periapical remanente producto de una extracción dental sin un curetaje minucioso. Mayormente afecta a los varones y a la maxila. Su diagnóstico depende de los hallazgos del examen clínico, radiográfico e histopatológico. El presente caso tiene como objetivo reportar el caso de un quiste residual en la región anterior de la maxila de la cavidad oral de un paciente adulto del Centro Dental Docente Cayetano Heredia con antecedente de extracciones dentales en el área de la lesión hace 10 meses. Se realizó una enucleación y se tomó una muestra para el examen anatomopatológico, el cual posteriormente confirmó el diagnóstico de quiste residual.

SUMMARY The residual cyst is a result of remnant periapical inflammatory tissue produced by tooth extraction without a thorough curettage. It mainly affects males and the maxilla. Its diagnosis depends on the clinical, radiographic and histopathological examination findings. The present case aims to report the case of a residual cyst in the anterior region on the maxilla of the oral cavity in an adult patient of the Centro Dental Docente Cayetano Heredia with a history of dental extractions in the lesion area of 10 months ago. An enucleation was performed and a sample was taken for the pathological examination, which subsequently confirmed the diagnosis of residual cyst.

Rev. argent. radiol ; 85(1): 11-20, ene. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155708


Resumen La presencia de lesiones quísticas de etiología oncológica en el encéfalo es cada vez más frecuente. El rol del especialista en imágenes es describir sus características, morfología y comportamiento con el contraste endovenoso, para llegar a realizar un diagnóstico presuntivo y enumerar sus diagnósticos diferenciales, y así orientar al médico tratante. Haremos una revisión de las lesiones quísticas de etiología oncológica de presentación frecuente en el encéfalo.

Abstract The presence of an oncologic cystic formation in the brain is frequent. The imaging specialist's role is to describe its features, morphology, and image enhancement characteristics with endovenous contrast, to make a presumptive diagnosis, and enumerated differential diagnoses and thus orientate the practitioner. We will analyze the most common expansive cystic formations.

Brain Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Brain/pathology , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Neurocytoma , Hemangioblastoma , Ependymoma
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910186


Objective:To investigate the clinical features and long-term prognosis of patients co-existing with ovarian endometrioma (OMA) and deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE).Methods:Totally 358 OMA patients were retrospectively analyzed, who had a minimum of 8 years follow-up after laparoscopic cystectomy, which was performed by one professional endometriosis surgery team at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2009 to April 2013. All women were divided into DIE group and non-DIE group, and analysis was performed in preoperative characteristics, surgical findings and postoperative outcomes during follow-up.Results:A total of 358 OMA patients were included, of which 190 patients (53.1%, 190/358) were in the DIE group, while other 168 patients (46.9%, 168/358) in the non-DIE group. The average ages between the two groups were (33.7±5.4), (32.5±5.3) years ( P=0.047), the average parity was (0.4±0.6) times vs (0.3±0.5) times ( P=0.079). There were significant differences in the proportions of moderate to severe dysmenorrhea [67.4% (128/190) vs 56.5% (95/168)], chronic pelvic pain [24.2% (46/190) vs 7.7% (13/168)], and the increase in CA 125 [79.9% (139/190) vs 65.2% (101/168)] between the two groups (all P<0.05). The average operation time in the DIE and non-DIE groups was (75±21) vs (39±36) minutes ( P<0.01). There was a significant difference in adenomyosis presence between the two groups [41.6% (79/190) vs 22.0% (37/168); P=0.001]. All patients were followed up for at least 8 years. At the end of the follow-up, though the DIE group was with higher total rate of disease relapse, yet no significant difference was found between the two groups in statistical comparison [21.6% (41/190) vs 16.1% (27/168); P=0.185]. A total of 41 cases in the DIE group recurred, the recurrence rate of pain was 15.8% (30/190), and the recurrence rate of cyst was 8.4% (16/190); 27 cases had recurrence after operation in the non-DIE group, the recurrence rate of pain was 8.9% (15/168), and the recurrence rate of cyst was 10.7% (18/168). There were no significant differences in the pain recurrence rate ( P=0.067) and cyst recurrence rate ( P=0.460) between the two groups. As for the successfully pregnant patients, live birth rates were 100.0% (65/65) vs 94.4% (68/72) between DIE group and non-DIE groups ( P=0.120). Conclusions:Compared with the non-DIE group, OMA patients with concurrent DIE might have severe pain symptoms, higher probability of abnormal CA 125 levels and more severe pelvic adhesions. Although there are no significant differences in the total recurrence rate and the recurrence rate of various types between the two groups, the proportion of pain recurrence in the DIE group is higher than that in the non-DIE group. In terms of fertility outcomes, patients in the DIE group are with lower likelihood of pregnancy after surgery during the long-time follow-up. DIE has no significant influence on the fertility outcome.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910169


Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and perinatal outcomes of pregnancy with placental cystic lesions.Methods:A retrospective study was carried out on 48 pregnant women diagnosed as pregnancy complicated with placental cystic lesions from January 2000 to January 2020 at the Women′s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine. The clinical features, pathological diagnosis and perinatal outcome were analyzed.Results:The age of 48 cases was (30±5) years, and the diagnostic gestational week of ultrasound was (24±8) weeks. Twenty-five cases in which showed a cystic mass at the fetal surface were diagnosed as placental cyst. The live birth rate was 100% (25/25) and the premature birth rate was 20% (5/25). Twenty-three cases showed “honeycomb like” cystic echo. Cystic lesions of 10 cases were located in the uterine cavity connected with the margin of the normal placenta, and finally diagnosed as hydatidiform mole and coexisting fetus (HMCF). Six cases of HMCF terminated pregnancy, and the live birth rate was 4/10, the premature delivery rate was 2/4. Cystic lesions of 13 cases were located in the placenta substance, and finally diagnosed as 4 cases of placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) and 9 cases of focal chorionic edema; the live birth rate was 6/13 and the premature delivery rate was 4/6. The median hCG was lower in focal chorionic edema group [80 kU/L (60-110 kU/L)] than in the groups of HMCF [240 kU/L (180-430 kU/L)] and PMD [360 kU/L (210-700 kU/L)], and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.01). Conclusions:For pregnancy complicated with placental cystic lesions, prenatal ultrasound should be performed to evaluate the shape, location and blood flow of the lesions. Maternal serological examination and invasive prenatal diagnosis are helpful for prenatal diagnosis and treatment. Due to the difference of perinatal outcomes, maternal and fetal complications, individualized pregnancy management should be carried out.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908739


Objective:To discuss the surgical efficacy of neuroendoscopic transsphenoidal approach for the removal of pituitary cystic lesion.Methods:Clinical data and efficacy of 32 patients with neuroendoscopic transsphenoidal surgery and pathological diagnosis of pituitary cystic lesion in the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from March 2013 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Of the 32 patients, 29 patients were pathologically diagnosed with Rathke cysts and 3 patients with pituitary arachnoid cysts. The content of cyst could be completely removed and the relationship between cyst and sellarseptum and subarachnoid space could be clearly observed by using endoscopy. After followed-up for 0.5-1.0 year, headic, dizziness and visual impairment were improved. One patient relapsed, without serious complications or death.Conclusions:Transsphenoidal neuroendoscopic surgery is a safe and effective treatment for pituitary cystic lesion.