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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1308-1314, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705194

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of mono-clonal antibody NCX-2D2 on isoproterenol-induced ar-rhythmias in rat hearts, and to explore the electrophys-iological mechanism. Methods Using isoproterenol to establish in vitro and in vivo arrhythmic rat models to observe the effect of NCX-2D2 antibody on ventricular arrhythmias in rats. The whole-cell patch clamp tech-nique was used to investigate the effects of NCX-2D2 antibody on INa/Ca, ICa-Lat voltage-clamp mode and on DADs at current-clamp mode in single rat ventricular myocytes. Results 10 mg·L-1NCX-2D2 antibody significantly inhibited cardiac arrhythmias induced by ISO in vitro ( P<0.01) . 80 μg·kg-1NCX-2D2 anti-body markedly inhibit the occurrence of arrhythmias in ISO-induced anesthetized rats in vivo ( P <0.01 ) . 5 mg·L-1NCX-2D2 antibody partially inhibited the in-crease of INa/Ca(P<0.01) and the increase of ICa-L(P<0.01 ) , and could effectively inhibit ISO-induced DADs in rat ventricular myocytes ( P <0.05 ) . Con-clusions The sodium-calcium exchanger monoclonal antibody NCX-2D2 significantly inhibits isoproterenol-induced ventricular arrhythmias in rats. The mecha-nism against ventricular arrhythmias is mainly due to its inhibition of cardiomyocyte sodium-calcium exchanger and L-type calcium channel and marked suppression of DADs in rat ventricular myocytes.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743200

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of KN93, a CaMK Ⅱ inhibitor, on delayed afterdepolarization (DAD) and calcium ion in ventricular myocytes of rabbits with heart failure, and to investigate the effect of CaMK Ⅱ signaling pathway on trigged arrhythmia after heart failure. Methods Thirty male New Zealand White rabbits were randomized(random number) into the sham operated group (sham group), heart failure group (HF group) and heart failure with KN93 group (HF+KN93 group) (n=10 each group). The rabbit heart failure model was established by abdominal aortic constriction combined with aortic valve regurgitation. The ventricular myocytes were isolated by double enzyme digestion. The action potential and the transient inward current (Iti) were recorded by the whole-cell patch-clamp. The intracellular calcium transient was measured by the ion concentration measurement system. The main calcium transporter protein was detected by Western blotting. Data were analyzed by pCLAMP10.2. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 17.0. Comparisons among groups were conducted using ANOVA, and SNK-q multiple comparison procedure was utilized for post-hoc analysis.Results (1) After induction of heart failure, DAD and increment of trigger activity (TA) were observedin rabbit ventricular myocytes. Treatment of KN93 with 1.0 μmol/L reduced the events of DAD and TA.(2) After induction of heart failure, Iti densities were increased from -0.12±0.02 pA/pF to -0.95±0.06pA/pF at the polarization potential of -50 mV (n=10, P<0.01). The current densities were reduced to -0.44±0.04 pA/pF after application of 1.0 μmol/L of KN93 (n=10, P<0.01). (3) KN93 led to decrementof intracellular calcium ion concentration and calcium transient amplitude, and acceleration of the decayprocess of calcium transient. (4) KN93 upregulated the expression of pPLN and SERCA2a, increased the uptake of intracellular calcium ion, downregulated the expression of NCX, decreased the Iti, and reduced the occurrence of DAD and TA. Conclusions KN93 can reduce the intracellular calcium ion concentration of the heart failure animal model, and the occurrence of the DAD and TA. CaMK Ⅱ may be a new therapeutic target for arrhythmias in the heart failure.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1371-1378, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608989

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of zacopride, an inward rectifier potassium channel agonist, on ouabain-induced arrhythmias in adult rats, and to explore the underlying electrophysiological mechanism.METHODS: Using ouabain to establish in vitro and in vivo arrhythmic rat models, the effects of zacopride on ouabain-induced arrhythmias were observed.The technique of whole-cell patch clamp was used to observe the effects of zacopride on inward rectifier potassium current (IK1), resting membrane potential (RMP) and delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs) in single rat ventricular myocyte.RESULTS: Zacopride at 1 μmol/L significantly reduced total number of premature ventricular beats, and the duration and incidence of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation induced by ouabain in rat hearts in vitro (P<0.05).In anesthetized rats, zacopride at 15 μg/kg significantly reduced total number of premature ventricular beats, and the duration and incidence of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation induced by ouabain (P<0.05).IK1 was significantly inhibited by ouabain (P<0.05), which was partially and even completely reversed by zacopride at 0.1~10 μmol/L.RMP value was significantly reduced by ouabain (P<0.05), and then increased to different levels after treatment with zacopride (0.1~10 μmol/L).Zacopride at 1 μmol/L showed its maximal effect and RMP was restored to normal level.Moreover, zacopride at 1 μmol/L markedly suppressed ouabain-induced DADs in single rat ventricular myocyte.The incidence of DADs decreased from 91.67% to 12.50% after zacopride was applied (P<0.05), and this effect was abolished by 1 μmol/L BaCl2.CONCLUSION: Inward rectifier potassium channel agonist zacopride significantly inhibits ouabain-induced ventricular arrhythmias in adult rats.The mechanism is related to increased RMP level and inhibition of DADs by activation of IK1 channel.

4.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 180-183, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472231

ABSTRACT

Objectives This study aimed at investigating the cellular mechanism of isoproterenol (ISO) on delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs) and triggered activity (TA) of the noninfarcted myocardium in the myocardial infarcted rabbit model.Methods Rabbits with the left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion were prepared and recovered for 8 wk (healed myocardial infarction, HMI). Myocytes were isolated from regions of the noninfarcted left ventricular free wall. ISO was added to cellular surface by perfusion way. Action potentials and ion currents were recorded with whole-cell patch clamp. Results The results showed that treatment with ISO induced more DADs and TA events in HMI myocytes. Iti and ICa-L of myocytes treated with ISO were increased significantly compared with HMI cells, which contributed to DADs-related triggered arrhythmia. Conclusions The results suggested that more arrhythmia events of DADs and TA developed in myocytes with ISO treatment. The underlying mechanism was associated with the augment of Iu and calcium influxing.

5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 1048-1057, 1996.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146733

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To investigate the role of alpha-adrenergic receptors in the development of delayed afterdepolarization, the effect of alpha-adrenoceptor stimulation and blockade on ouabain induced delayed afterdepolarization(DDAD) was examined in rabbit heart Purkinje fibers. METHODS: Purkinje fibers, taken from adult rabbit(1.8 - 2.0kg) heart anesthetized with penobarbital, were mounted in a Luicite chamber and superfused with Tyrode's solution. The transmembrane potentials were measured by the conventional microelectrode technique while the fibers were being stimulated with rectangular pulses of 50% above threshold voltage. The delayed afterdepolarizations were induced by overdrive excitation in the presence of ouabain. RESULTS: Delayed afterdepolarizations were not observed during superfusion of the control Tyrode's solution containing propranolol(5x10(-7)M). However, the addition of ouabain in the presence of propranolol elicited DADs which were dose-, time- and drive cycle length- dependent. Phenylephrine(PE ; 10(-7)M), and alpha-adrenoceptor agonist, potentiated the ouabain-induced DAD during the initial superfusion(for 10 or 20 min) of the test Tyrode's solution. However, it was followed by attenuating-effects after a superfusion time of 50 to 60 min. Both effects showed ouabain dose-dependence. Ouabain(2x10(-7)M), in the presence of propranolol, depolarized the maximum diastolic potential and shortened the action potential duration, and the addition of PE(10(-7)M) did not affect the characteristics of action potential except a decrease in velocity of phase 0 depolarization. Prazosin, an alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist, inhibited the PE's enhancing effects of ouabaininduced DDAD at 20 min superfusion, but did not affect the attenuating-effects of PE at 60 min superfusion. On the other hand, yohimbine, an alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonist, did not affect the PE's DAD potentiating-effects at 20 min superfusion, but inhibited the attenunating-effects of PE at 60 min superfusion. CONCLUSION: It is inferred that alpha-adrenergic stimulation induce delayed afterdepolarization and triggered activity in the rabbits, being responsible for the arrhythmia development, and the effects are mainly due to the action of alpha1-subtpe adrenoceptor stimulation.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Adult , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Hand , Heart , Humans , Membrane Potentials , Microelectrodes , Ouabain , Prazosin , Propranolol , Purkinje Fibers , Rabbits , Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha , Yohimbine
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